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1.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(11): 1287-1292, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852653

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reconstruct tumor clonal haplotypes based on the third-generation sequencing data to effectively identify tumor heterogeneity. METHODS: We developed an algorithm for extracting somatic mutational event from the mixed tumor data and determining the connection weight of each somatic cell mutation site through the probability function. A reconstruction algorithm of the haplotype was designed based on the maximum spanning tree, and following the principle of inheritance between tumor clones, the connection pattern was determined at each mutation site in the clonal maximum spanning tree in a stepwise manner. The number, ratio and evolution of the sub-clones were estimated using the depth stripping method. RESULTS: In the simulation experiments, we analyzed the accuracy of the algorithm based on 4 indexes, namely the coverage, read length, subclone number and somatic variant rate, and the Results demonstrated a good robustness of the algorithm. The Results of the experiments showed that the mean sub-clone haplotypes accuracy exceeded 97%, suggesting that this algorithm significantly outperformed the previous Methods. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method can accurately reconstruct tumor subclonal haplotypes and clarify the process of tumor clonal evolution, and can thus provide a theoretical basis for tumor heterogeneity research and assist in clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Neoplasias , Evolução Clonal , Haplótipos , Humanos , Mutação
2.
BMC Ecol ; 19(1): 53, 2019 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleistocene glaciations have had an important impact on the species distribution and community composition of the North American biota. Species survived these glacial cycles south of the ice sheets and/or in other refugia, such as Beringia. In this study, we assessed, using mitochondrial DNA from three Diptera species, whether flies currently found in Beringian grasslands (1) survived glaciation as disjunct populations in Beringia and in the southern refugium; (2) dispersed northward postglacially from the southern refugium; or (3) arose by a combination of the two. Samples were collected in grasslands in western Canada: Prairies in Alberta and Manitoba; the Peace River region (Alberta); and the southern Yukon Territory. We sequenced two gene regions (658 bp of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, 510 bp of cytochrome b) from three species of higher Diptera: one with a continuous distribution across grassland regions, and two with disjunct populations between the regions. We used a Bayesian approach to determine population groupings without a priori assumptions and performed analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and exact tests of population differentiation (ETPD) to examine their validity. Molecular dating was used to establish divergence times. RESULTS: Two geographically structured populations were found for all species: a southern Prairie and Peace River population, and a Yukon population. Although AMOVA did not show significant differentiation between populations, ETPD did. Divergence time between Yukon and southern populations predated the Holocene for two species; the species with an ambiguous divergence time had high haplotype diversity, which could suggest survival in a Beringian refugium. CONCLUSIONS: Populations of Diptera in Yukon grasslands could have persisted in steppe habitats in Beringia through Pleistocene glaciations. Current populations in the region appear to be a mix of Beringian relict populations and, to a lesser extent, postglacial dispersal northward from southern prairie grasslands.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Alberta , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , DNA Mitocondrial , Variação Genética , Haplótipos , Manitoba , América do Norte , Filogenia , Filogeografia
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1073-1076, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) with refractory epilepsy in children. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 200 children with epilepsy and 100 healthy controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to PCR amplification, agarose gel electrophoresis and target site sequencing. Genotypes of rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072, rs868755 and rs1202184 loci of the MDR1 gene were analyzed. RESULTS: No significant difference was found in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the rs1922242, rs2235048, rs10808072 and rs868755 loci between the drug-resistant and drug-sensitive groups. For the rs1202184 locus, a significant difference in genotypic distribution was found (P=0.008). No significant difference was found in the frequencies of various haplotypes between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Genotypes of the rs1202184 locus of the MDR1 gene are associated with refractory epilepsy in children, for which the AA genotype plays a dominant role.


Assuntos
Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1090-1093, 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) haplotyping for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for beta-thalassemia coupled with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching. METHODS: Three couples were recruited. Couple 1 both carried a ß (IVS-2-654) variation and had previously given birth to a son with ß thalassemia major. Couple 2 respectively carried (cd41-42) and ß (IVS-2-654) but had no history of pregnancy. Couple 3 respectively carried ß (CD17) and ß (IVS-2-654), and had a daughter carrying ß (CD17). RESULTS: For couple 1, NGS-SNP typing identified two embryos not only unaffected with thalassemia but also with matched HLA. One blastocyst was transferred and resulted in successful pregnancy. A healthy baby was born at 39th week of gestation. Its umbilical blood was used to treat the sick brother through hemopoietic stem cell transplantation. For couple 2, seven blastocysts were obtained. Second transplantation has resulted in successful pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis was consistent with PGD. For couple 3, two blastocysts not only unaffected with thalassemia but also with no pathogenic copy number variations were obtained. Transfer of one blastocyte resulted in successful pregnancy, and prenatal diagnosis was consistent with PGD. CONCLUSION: NGS-based SNP typing is an useful tool for selecting embryos unaffected with beta-thalassemia and matched HLA through PGD.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Haplótipos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Talassemia beta/genética
5.
Zootaxa ; 4674(3): zootaxa.4674.3.7, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716006

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to assess the species status of the Middle-European Thanasimus Latreille, 1806 species using mitochondrial CO1 sequence data. Molecular biological results clearly support the synonymy of T. pectoralis (Fuss, 1863) and T. rufipes (Brahm, 1797) with T. femoralis (Zetterstedt, 1828) as already proposed by Kolibác (1992). Results of the present study indicate high genetic variation within T. formicarius (Linné, 1758) and emphasize the study of population dynamics of T. formicarius within Europe. Furthermore, preliminary screening of all available T. formicarius sequences on BOLD and Genbank (shorter than 500bp) indicates the presence of a "Continental" and a more "Atlantic" clade in T. formicarius. To support our hypothesis of a probably cryptic species among T. formicarius, more studies, with more specimens from different populations, especially from southern England, northern France and the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula, will be necessary.


Assuntos
Besouros , DNA Mitocondrial , Variação Genética , Animais , Besouros/genética , Inglaterra , Europa (Continente) , França , Haplótipos , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Zootaxa ; 4603(1): zootaxa.4603.1.8, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717244

RESUMO

Ectinogonia Spinola 1837 is composed of 22 species to date, but its taxonomic history has been complex and is still unresolved. The species of the Santiagan Province of Central Chile are particularly complex because they show important morphological variability and overlapping traits, making species identification and delimitation difficult. The main goal of the present study is to show the phylogenetic relationships among species of Ectinogonia of the Santiagan province and discuss the taxonomic and systematic implications of our findings. Phylogeny reconstructions as well as a haplotype network disclosed four groups, partially inconsistent with the traditional taxonomy. Actually, the two Ectinogonia speciosa subspecies (E. speciosa speciosa (Germain 1856) and E. speciosa oscuripennis Cobos 1954) belong to two distinct clades, which are not reciprocally monophyletic, meaning that Ectinogonia speciosa is polyphyletic. On the other hand, the two other clades each contain, two nominal species (E. buquetii (Spinola 1837) and E. vidali Moore Guerrero 2017, and E. isamarae Moore 1994 and E. speciosa oscuripennis Cobos 1954) without reciprocal haplotype sorting. These results suggest that: (1) E. speciosa oscuripennis should be raised to species level and (2) the following new synonymies are proposed: E. isamarae Moore 1994 is synonymised with E. oscuripennis Cobos 1954 and E. vidali Moore Guerrero 2017 is synonymised with E. buquetii (Spinola 1837).


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Chile , Haplótipos , Filogenia
7.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(10): 793-798, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734995

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1B gene (TNFRSF1B) polymorphism in relation to the outcomes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: One thousand six hundred and forty-five cases without HCV infection, 545 cases with HCV clearance, and 783 cases with chronic HCV infection were enrolled. TaqMan probe method was used to investigate genotype rs1061622 (T > G) and rs1061624 (G > A). Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) sites were genotyped and haplotypes were constructed to evaluate their relation with the outcome of HCV infection. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed that there was no relation to the two SNPs with HCV infection susceptibility and chronicity (P > 0.05). Haplotype analysis showed that carrier TA had an increased susceptibility to HCV infection [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01 to 1.30, P = 0.038)]. Carrier TA and GG haplotypes were conducive to chronic HCV infection (adjusted OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.08 to 1.53, P = 0.006; OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.66, P = 0.026). Conclusion: The combinational effects of rs1061622 and rs1061624 in TNFRSF1B gene may increase the risk of HCV chronicity and infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite C/genética , Receptores Tipo II do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17327, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626088

RESUMO

To explore the association of a disintegrin and metalloprotease 33 (ADAM33) polymorphisms with childhood asthma susceptibility, we conducted this case-control study.In this case-control study, we selected 96 asthma children and 86 healthy children to conduct the genotyping of ADAM33 polymorphisms through polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing (PCR-DS). Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) status in the control group was detected adopting chi-square test. Frequency differences of genotypes, alleles, and haplotypes were compared by chi-square test between the case and control groups. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) between polymorphisms was checked using Haploview software. Association intensity of the polymorphisms with the disease risk was assessed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI).The frequency of rs678881 GA genotype was obviously higher in cases than in controls (P = .03) and the carriage of this genotype conferred higher risk of asthma among children than GG genotype (OR = 2.03, 95%CI = 1.05-3.91). However, neither rs2280089 nor rs2853209 polymorphism was significantly associated with the risk of childhood asthma. Strong LD was found among rs678881, rs2280089 and rs2853209, and haplotype GGT was distinctly associated with the risk of asthma in children (OR = 0.28, 95%CI = 0.13-0.57).ADAM33 rs678881 polymorphism is significantly correlated with increased susceptibility to asthma in Chinese Han children. Besides, haplotype GGT among the 3 polymorphisms was obviously associated with decreased risk of childhood asthma.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/genética , Asma/genética , Alelos , Asma/sangue , Asma/etnologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
9.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 32-40, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: U1-70K, encoded by the SNRNP70 gene, is a key early immunogen in connective tissue disease. The aim of the study was the genetic analysis of the SNRNP70 gene in mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. METHODS: SNRNP70 genetic variants were detected using 3730 DNA Analyzer. SNRNP70 rs560811128 G/A (c.476-252 G/A), rs78616533delCT (c.475+130_475+131delCT) and rs117167710 T/C (c.393+326 T/C) variants were genotyped using the technique of sequence-specific hybridisation probe binding assays. SNRNP70 393_47 G/A mutation was detected using TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. RESULTS: We found one novel c.393+47G>A and three, c.476-252 G/A, c.475+130_475+131delCT and c.393+326 T/C, previously recorded variants. The present study revealed that T-G-CT-G haplotype demonstrated significantly higher frequencies in MCTD patients than in SLE and SSc patients. In MCTD patients c.475+130_475+131delCT distribution of genotype was gender-dependent and showed association with thrombo-/leukocytopenia. Mutation at position c.476-252G>A was predicted to possibly have an impact on splicing of the SNRNP70 transcript and it was present only in one MCTD patient. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that the T-G-CT-G SNRNP70 haplotype is another proof that MCTD may be distinct from SLE and SSc. The novel c.476-252G>A mutation in SNRNP70 gene created a new acceptor splice site and may potentially alert of splicing of the SNRNP70 transcript.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1 , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Doença Mista do Tecido Conjuntivo/genética , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/genética , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Pequena U1/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190149, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576902

RESUMO

Human polycystic echinococcosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus vogeli, which occurs in rural areas of Central and South America. Until now, little information on the genetic variability of E. vogeli is available. Here, 32 samples from human-excised E. vogeli cysts had a 396-bp sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene sequenced and compared to another 17 COI sequences representing nine Echinococcus species. A Bayesian COI tree revealed that all E. vogeli sequences formed a monophyletic and well-supported clade with an E. vogeli reference sequence. The occurrence of geographically restricted E. vogeli COI haplotypes suggests retention of ancestral polymorphisms with little migration in Acre, Brazil.


Assuntos
Echinococcus/genética , Variação Genética/genética , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Brasil , Equinococose/parasitologia , Echinococcus/isolamento & purificação , Haplótipos , Humanos
11.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190184, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576903

RESUMO

American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) has two main scenarios of transmission as follows: scattered cases in rural areas and urban outbreaks. Urban AVL is in active dispersion from the northeastern border of Argentina-Paraguay-Brazil to the South. The presence of Lutzomyia longipalpis was initially reported in urban environments in the northwestern border of the country. The presence of Lu. longipalpis, environmental variables associated with its distribution, and its genetic diversity were assessed in Salvador Mazza, Argentina, on the border with Bolivia. The genetic analysis showed high haplotype diversity, low nucleotide diversity, and low nucleotide polymorphism index. We discuss the hypothesis of an expanding urban population with introgressive hybridisation of older haplogroups found in their path in natural forest or rural environments, acquiring a new adaptability to urban environments, and the possibility of changes in vector capacity.


Assuntos
Distribuição Animal , Variação Genética/genética , Insetos Vetores/genética , Psychodidae/genética , Animais , Argentina , Bolívia , Brasil , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genes de Insetos/genética , Haplótipos , Insetos Vetores/classificação , Leishmaniose Cutânea/transmissão , Masculino , Filogeografia , Psychodidae/classificação
12.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 151, 2019 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PE (preeclampsia) is a heterogeneous disorder with early onset PE (EOPE) and late onset PE (LOPE) subtypes. Associations between maternal miRNAs biosynthesis genes polymorphisms and risk of PE have been previously observed. However, the impact of polymorphisms in DGCR8 which is indispensable in miRNA maturing processing on the susceptibility to preeclampsia (PE) has not been elucidated yet. We, therefore, conducted a case-control study to evaluate the impact of polymorphisms in DGCR8 on the risk of EOPE and LOPE. METHODS: A total of 66 patients diagnosed with EOPE, 206 with LOPE and 330 healthy controls were recruited. Five SNPs in DGCR8 were genotyped including rs1558496, rs1640299, rs720012, rs720014, and rs9606241. Logistic regression was used to estimate the OR and the 95% CI for the associations. RESULTS: Increased risk of LOPE has been observed among patients with rs1640299 TG genotype (OR = 1.98 (95%CI: 1.38, 2.87), p = 2.32e-4) and rs720014 TC genotype (OR = 2.49 (95%CI: 1.72, 3.60), p = 1.40e-7). The DGCR8 rs1558496/ rs1640299/ rs720012/ rs720014/ rs9606241 haplotype T-G-A-C-A and T-G-A-C-G were associated with increased risk of LOPE (OR = 2.20 (95%CI: 1.49, 3.25), p = 5.90e-5, and 1.58 (95%CI: 1.06, 2.36), p = 0.024, respectively). And the haplotype T-T-G-T-A was associated with lower risk of LOPE (OR = 0.74 (95%CI: 0.58, 0.95), p = 0.018). These significant associations retained after false-positive discovery rate correction. However, none of the tested SNPs or haplotypes in DGCR8 gene is associated with risk of EOPE (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphisms in DGCR8 might participate in the pathological process of preeclampsia. The rs1640299 T > G and rs720014 T > C polymorphisms are associated with late onset preeclampsia susceptibility.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Idade Materna , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/genética , Pré-Eclâmpsia/patologia , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
13.
Tumour Biol ; 41(9): 1010428319872092, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486713

RESUMO

Angiogenesis, induced by the vascular endothelial growth factor A through its ligation to the vascular endothelial growth receptor 2, has been described as a crucial point in high-grade glioma development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of VEGFA-2578C/A, -2489C/T, -1154G/A, -634G/C, and -460C/T, and KDR-604T/C, -271G/A, +1192G/A, and +1719A/T single-nucleotide polymorphisms on risk and clinicopathological aspects of high-grade glioma. This case-control study enrolled 205 high-grade glioma patients and 205 controls. Individuals with VEGFA-2578 CC or CA, VEGFA-1154 GG, VEGFA-634 GC or CC, and VEGFA-460 CT or TT genotypes were under 2.56, 1.53, 1.54, and 1.84 increased risks of high-grade glioma, compared to others, respectively. And 1.61, 2.66, 2.52, 2.53, and 2.02 increased risks of high-grade glioma were seen in individuals with VEGFA-2578 CC plus VEGFA-1154 GG, VEGFA-2578 CC or CA plus VEGFA-634 GC or CC, VEGFA-2578 CC or CA plus VEGFA-460 CT or TT, VEGFA-1154 GG or GA plus VEGFA-634 GC or CC, and VEGFA 634 GC or CC plus VEGFA-460 CT or TT combined genotypes, respectively, when compared to others. The "CAGT" haplotype of KDR single-nucleotide polymorphisms was more common in patients with grade IV than in those with grade III tumors, and individuals carrying this haplotype were at 1.76 increased risk of developing grade IV tumors than others. We present, for the first time, preliminary evidence that VEGFA-2578C/A and VEGFA-1154G/A single-nucleotide polymorphisms increases high-grade glioma risk, and "CAGT" haplotype of the KDR gene alters high-grade glioma aggressiveness and risk of grade IV tumors in Brazil.


Assuntos
Glioma/genética , Haplótipos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Arch Virol ; 164(12): 2909-2918, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520221

RESUMO

CYP27A1, CYP2R1 and CYP27B1 hydroxylases are involved in the synthesis of 1, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, which plays a role in the immune regulation and pathogenesis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between polymorphisms in vitamin D pathway genes and HCV infection outcomes in a Chinese population. Nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP27A1, CYP2R1 and CYP27B1 were genotyped in a high-risk Chinese population. The distributions of these SNPs were compared among groups with different outcomes of HCV infection, including 863 cases of persistent HCV infection, 524 cases of spontaneous clearance, and 1079 uninfected controls. The results showed that the CYP2R1 rs12794714-G, rs10741657-A, rs1562902-C, and rs10766197-G alleles were significantly associated with increased susceptibility to HCV infection (all PFDR < 0.05, in additive/dominant models), and the combined effect of the four unfavorable alleles was related to an elevated risk of HCV infection in a locus-dosage manner (Ptrend = 0.008). Moreover, haplotype analysis suggested that, compared with the most frequent haplotype (Ars12794714Grs10741657Trs1562902Ars10766197), the haplotype containing four unfavorable alleles, GACG, was associated with a higher risk of HCV infection. The results of our study suggest that genetic variants in CYP2R1 may be biomarkers for predicting the susceptibility to HCV infection in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
25-Hidroxivitamina D3 1-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Colestanotriol 26-Mono-Oxigenase/genética , Família 2 do Citocromo P450/genética , Hepatite C/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Hepatite C/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitamina D/metabolismo
15.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(7): 487-490, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent pericarditis is a state of repetitive inflammation of the pericardium with intervals of remission. The etiology of recurrent pericarditis is still largely unknown, yet most causes are presumed to be immune mediated. Genetic factors, including human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotypes, can be involved in dysregulation of the immune system and as a predisposition to several autoimmune conditions, including recurrent pericarditis. Several diseases are frequently associated with such manifestations. They include systemic lupus erythematosus, familial Mediterranean fever, and tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome. However, idiopathic recurrent pericarditis remains the most frequently observed clinical condition and the conundrum of this disease still needs to be solved.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Pericardite/fisiopatologia , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/genética , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/imunologia , Antígenos HLA/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Pericardite/genética , Pericardite/imunologia , Recidiva
16.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 155, 2019 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a serious cardiovascular disease and is associated with several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). However, the role of Cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 2 (CYP4F2) gene in IS remains unknown. Our study aimed to explore whether CYP4F2 polymorphisms influenced IS risk in the Han Chinese population. METHODS: We selected 477 patients and 495 controls to do a case-control study, and five SNPs in CYP4F2 gene were successfully genotyped. And we evaluated the associations using the Chi-squared test, independent sample t test, and genetic models analyses. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: In this study, rs12459936 and rs3093144 were associated with IS risk in the overall. After stratified analysis by age (> 61 years), rs3093193 and rs3093144 were related to an increased risk of IS, whereas rs12459936 was related to a decreased risk of IS. In addition, we found that three SNPs (rs3093193, rs3093144 and rs12459936) were associated with the susceptibility to IS in males. We also found five SNPs in the CYP4F2 gene had strong linkage. CONCLUSIONS: Three SNPs (rs3093193, rs3093144 and rs12459936) in the CYP4F2 were associated with IS risk in a Chinese Han population. And, CYP4F2 gene may be involved in the development of IS.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/genética , Variação Genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
17.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 448-454, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532156

RESUMO

Abstract: Objective To analyze the genetic phenotypes of Y-chromosome STR and SNP in Han male population of Wujiang area, Suzhou City and explore the genetic structure of population of Wujiang area for further examination of regional-specific Y-SNP genetic markers ancestor haplogroups. Methods Blood samples of 472 Wujiang area Han males were randomly collected and genotyped by YfilerTM Plus PCR Amplification Kit. The allele frequencies and haplotype frequencies of each locus were obtained using the direct calculation method. Y-SNP haplogroups of each sample were estimated using Y-Predictor software and verified through experiments by amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR). Results A total of 453 haplotypes were found in the 27 Y-STR genetic markers in 472 Han males of Wujiang area. The haplotype diversity (HD) was 0.997 696 93, among which, the highest gene diversity (GD) value was DYF387S1a/b (GD=0.953 1) and the lowest was DYS438 (GD=0.321 8). Based on genotyping data of 27 Y-STRs and 472 samples, 132 haplogroups from C, D, N, O and Q, etc downstream Y-SNP haplogroups were estimated and then verified through experiments. Conclusion This study is based on Y-chromosome STR haplotypes, and predicts Y-SNP haplogroups by Y-Predictor software, then uses ARMS-PCR to verify. Y-SNP genetic markers were introduced to achieve precise analysis of the genetic structure of male families in population of three towns in Wujiang area.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Y/genética , Genética Populacional , China , Cidades , Frequência do Gene , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
18.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 85-93, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Apoptosis-stimulating protein 2 of p53 (ASPP2) has a variety of biological functions, and is involved in cellular apoptosis, autophagy and inflammatory reaction. However, the role of ASPP2 in acute hepatic injury remains unclear. METHODS: We established an animal model of acute hepatic injury by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4. The expression profile of ASPP2 was measured in wild type (ASPP2+/+) mice with acute hepatic injury induced by CCl4. Hepatic pathological changes and liver function, apoptosis, inflammation and autophagic levels were measured in ASPP2+/+and ASPP2 haploid deletion (ASPP2+/-) mice with acute hepatic injury, respectively. After 3-methyladenine (3-MA) treatment, indicators of hepatic injury were observed in ASPP2+/+and ASPP2+/- mice with CCl4 injection. RESULTS: During the development of acute hepatic injury, ASPP2 expression significantly upregulated at 24 h and 48 h after CCl4 injection. ASPP2 haplotype deletion protected against acute hepatic injury, and this was mainly reflected in decreased ALT and AST levels, less hepatic tissue hemorrhage and necrosis, and reduced cellular inflammation and apoptosis in ASPP2+/- mice compared with ASPP2+/+ mice with acute hepatic injury. ASPP2 haploid deletion activates autophagy in mice with acute hepatic injury, and protects mice from acute hepatic injury via the autophagic signal pathway. CONCLUSION: ASPP2 haplotype deletion protected mice against acute hepatic injury through autophagy activation, which inhibited inflammation and apoptosis in acute hepatic injury.


Assuntos
Tetracloreto de Carbono , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Fígado/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/deficiência , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Apoptose , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Autofagia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , Necrose , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
20.
Vet Parasitol ; 273: 45-51, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442892

RESUMO

Fasciola gigantica and hybrid Fasciola are distributed throughout Asia. Herein, we investigated the species of the Fasciola fluke distributed in three hotspots of fascioliasis in Cambodia. A total of 92 flukes collected from 21 slaughtered cattle from Kandal (44), Battambang (41), and Kratie (7) Provinces were identified as F. gigantica using multiplex PCR for a nuclear phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene. The overall prevalence of F. gigantica infestation was 7.14% (21/294). Phylogenetic as well as population genetics analyses were performed using the mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (ND1). The 19 ND1 haplotypes were identified from Cambodian F. gigantica (haplotype diversity, 0.83). All of the haplotypes were classified into F. gigantica haplogroup C, which includes ND1 haplotypes detected from Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, and China. Among haplogroup C, novel and unique haplotypes of Cambodia were found in the Battambang and Kandal Provinces, and the nucleotide diversity of the Cambodian population (0.00532) was the highest. Pairwise fixation indices among the F. gigantica populations from these countries indicated that the Cambodian and Thailand populations were related to each other. The highest genetic diversity in the Cambodian population suggests that F. gigantica in Cambodia may be the ancestor of the populations in Southeast Asian countries. Most likely, livestock movement, including Zebu cattle, played an important role in the transmission of F. gigantica. In this study, the hybrid Fasciola flukes that are commonly found in neighboring countries, were not found in Cambodia. Further comprehensive investigations of Fasciola prevalence should be conducted by analyzing a wider range of hosts throughout Cambodia to reach a more solid conclusion about the absence of hybrid flukes.


Assuntos
Distribuição Animal , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Fasciola/classificação , Fasciola/genética , Fasciolíase/veterinária , Variação Genética , Animais , Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia , Camboja , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Fasciolíase/epidemiologia , Fasciolíase/parasitologia , Haplótipos , NADH Desidrogenase/genética , Fosfotransferases/genética , Prevalência
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