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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17298, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574854

RESUMO

Recently, studies have shown significant association between the rs2000999 polymorphism in the haptoglobin-encoding gene (HP) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC) levels, which are important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. However, the association of rs2000999 with serum lipids in Latin American diabetic populations is still uncharacterized. Here, we analyzed the association of rs2000999 with TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and LDL-C levels in 546 Mexican adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and in 654 controls without T2D. In this observational case-control study we included adults from 4 centers of the Mexican Social Security Institute in Mexico City recruited from 2012 to 2015. TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglycerides (TG), and glucose levels were measured by an enzymatic colorimetric method. The variant rs2000999 was genotyped using TaqMan real time polymerase chain reaction. The percentage of Native-American ancestry showed a negative association with the rs2000999 A allele. In contrast, the rs2000999 A allele had a strong positive association with European ancestry, and to a lesser extent, with African ancestry. Linear regression was used to estimate the association between the variant rs2000999 and lipid concentrations, using different genetic models. Under codominant and recessive models, rs2000999 was significantly associated with TC and LDL-C levels in the T2D group and in controls without T2D. In addition, the group with T2D showed a significant association between the variant and HDL-C levels. In summary, the rs2000999 A allele in Mexican population is positively associated with the percentage of European and negatively associated with Native American ancestry. Carriers of the A allele have increased levels of TC and LDL-C, independently of T2D diagnosis, and also increased concentrations of HDL-C in the T2D sample.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Haptoglobinas , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Haptoglobinas/genética , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17416, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626097

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the clinical value of haptoglobin (Hp) and sCD163 testing for the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion, and investigate the correlation of Hp and sCD163 with the inflammatory response of the body.Pleural effusion samples were collected from 78 patients (38 tuberculous pleural effusions [TPE] and 40 malignant pleural effusions [MPE]). The concentrations of Hp and sCD163 in the pleural effusion were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The concentrations of Hp and sCD163 were significantly higher in the TPE group than in the MPE group (P < .05). The sensitivity and specificity of the Hp test for the differential diagnosis of TPE and MPE was 82.4% and 86.1%, respectively (P < .01), while the cut off value was 779.05 ug/mL. Furthermore, the sensitivity and specificity of the sCD163 test for the differential diagnosis of TPE and MPE was 76.3% and 85.0%, respectively (P < .01), while the cut off value was 16,401.11 ng/mL. Moreover, the sensitivity and specificity of the combination of Hp and sCD163 tests for diagnosing TPE was 90.0% and 87.5%, respectively. Hp and IL-1ß, TNF-α, CRP and ESR were positively correlated in both the TPE group and MPE group (P < .05). Hp and sCD163 were positively correlated in the TPE group (r = 0.3735, P = .0209), but not in the MPE group (r = 0.22, P = .1684). However, there was no correlation between sCD163 and TNF-α, CRP and ESR in either the TPE group, or the MPE group (P > .05). Furthermore, sCD163 and IL-1ß were weakly correlated in the TPE group (r = 0.49, P = .0018), but these had no correlation in the MPE group (r = 0.068, P = .6767).Hp and sCD163 can be used as biological markers for the differential diagnosis of pleural effusion in clinic, and the level of Hp in pleural effusion may reflect the intensity of inflammation in the body to some extent.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/sangue , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/sangue , Haptoglobinas/análise , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/sangue , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural Maligno/sangue , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
3.
J Dairy Sci ; 102(11): 10329-10339, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495622

RESUMO

Our previous work has suggested that recombinant bovine interleukin-8 (rbIL-8) treatment might influence cow metabolism. Therefore, this study was conducted to initially assess the effects of systemic administration of rbIL-8 on response to a glucose challenge, blood metabolites, insulin, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1, immune cell populations, and inflammatory parameters in Holstein bull calves. Calves from 30 ± 6 d of life were individually housed and randomly allocated to 1 of 2 treatment groups: rbIL-8 (rbIL-8, n = 10) and control (CTR, n = 8). Calves assigned to the rbIL-8 group received 1 s.c. injection (d 1, 0900 h) and 6 i.v. injections (d 1 at 1600 h, d 2 and 3 at 0900 h and 1600 h, and d 4 at 0900 h) of rbIL-8 (4 µg/kg of body weight), whereas the CTR group received 2 mL of sterile saline solution at each time point. Day of enrollment was considered as d 1, and the study duration was 10 d. Insulin concentrations and whole-body glucose disappearance were evaluated by an i.v. glucose tolerance test conducted at 12 h and 7 d following the last rbIL-8 injection. Rectal temperature and blood samples were collected on d 1, 2, 3, and 4 at -30 (before treatment, 0830 h), 30, 60, 120, 240, and 360 min relative to treatment, and daily at 0830 h for the rest of the study period. Serum was harvested, and the following parameters were measured: ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), nonesterified fatty acids, glucose, insulin, plasma urea nitrogen, haptoglobin, and differential blood count. Significant differences were considered when P ≤ 0.05 and a trend if 0.05


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Interleucina-8/efeitos adversos , Ácido 3-Hidroxibutírico/sangue , Animais , Área Sob a Curva , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Temperatura Corporal , Peso Corporal , Bovinos , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/sangue , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Haptoglobinas/análise , Insulina/sangue , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Interleucina-8/administração & dosagem , Interleucina-8/farmacologia , Contagem de Leucócitos/veterinária , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia
4.
J Anim Sci ; 97(10): 4085-4092, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396618

RESUMO

This experiment compared physiological and productive responses in finishing beef cattle managed under heat stress conditions, and supplemented (SUPP) or not (CON) with an immunomodulatory feed ingredient (Omnigen-AF; Phibro Animal Health, Teaneck, NJ). Crossbred yearling cattle (¾ Bos taurus × » Bos indicus; 64 heifers and 64 steers) were ranked by initial body weight (BW) (440 ± 3 kg) and sex, and allocated to 1 of 16 unshaded drylot pens (8 heifers or steers/pen). Pens within sex were randomly assigned to receive SUPP or CON (n = 8/treatment). Cattle received a total-mixed ration (91% concentrate inclusion and 1.21 Mcal/kg of net energy for gain; dry matter [DM basis]) during the experiment (day 0 to 106). The immunomodulatory feed was offered as a top-dress to SUPP pens (56 g/d per animal; as-fed basis) beginning on day 7. Cattle BW were recorded on day 0, 14, 28, 42, 56, 70, 84, 98, and 106. Feed intake was evaluated from each pen by recording feed offer daily and refusals biweekly. Intravaginal temperature of heifers was recorded hourly from day 1 to 6, 29 to 41, and 85 to 97. Environmental temperature humidity index (THI) was also recorded hourly throughout the experiment, and averaged 79.8 ± 0.6. Concurrently with BW assessment, hair samples from the tail-switch were collected (3 animals/pen) for analysis of hair cortisol concentrations. Blood samples were collected on day 0, 28, 56, 84, and 106 from all animals for plasma extraction. Whole blood was collected on day 0, 56, and 106 (3 animals/pen) for analysis of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and HSP72 mRNA expression. Cattle were slaughtered on day 107 at a commercial packing facility. Results obtained prior to day 7 served as independent covariate for each respective analysis. Heifers receiving SUPP had less (P ≤ 0.05) vaginal temperature from 1500 to 1900 h across sampling days (treatment × hour, P < 0.01; 39.05 vs. 39.19 °C, respectively; SEM = 0.04), when THI ranged from 85.3 to 90.1. Expression of HSP70 and HSP72 was less (P ≥ 0.03) for SUPP cattle on day 106 (22.6- vs. 51.5-fold effect for HSP70, SEM = 9.7, and 11.0- vs. 32.8-fold effect for HSP72; treatment × day, P ≤ 0.04). No treatment effects were detected (P ≥ 0.22) for performance, carcass traits, plasma concentrations of cortisol and haptoglobin, or hair cortisol concentrations. Results from this study suggest that SUPP ameliorated hyperthermia in finishing cattle exposed to heat stress conditions, but such benefit was not sufficient to improve productive responses.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Regulação da Temperatura Corporal , Bovinos/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/veterinária , Imunomodulação/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peso Corporal , Dieta/veterinária , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/prevenção & controle , Cavalos , Umidade , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Carne Vermelha/análise , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
Acta Vet Scand ; 61(1): 36, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345246

RESUMO

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) is associated with severe diarrhea in calves, winter dysentery in adult cattle, and respiratory diseases in cattle of all ages. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between white blood cell counts and haptoglobin (Hp) and serum amyloid A (SAA) levels in post-weaned calves with diarrhea caused by BCoV and those that recovered from diarrhea. Blood and fecal samples were collected twice from the same animals; 17 post-weaned calves with diarrhea (first) and 15 post-weaned calves that recovered from diarrhea (second). Real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that all 17 fecal samples from post-weaned calves with diarrhea and one out of 15 from diarrhea-recovered calves were positive for BCoV and negative for Cryptosporidium spp., Escherichia coli K99, Salmonella spp., bovine rotavirus, and bovine viral diarrhea virus. No Eimeria oocysts were detected using the flotation method. In comparison with post-weaned calves with diarrhea, in diarrhea-recovered calves, the lymphocyte count was significantly higher (P = 0.018), and the monocyte count was significantly lower (P = 0.001); however, the number of monocytes was still high. Post-weaned calves with diarrhea had a significantly higher Hp concentration (P < 0.001) compared with diarrhea-recovered calves. The results indicated that increased Hp concentration and monocytosis but not SAA may be associated with diarrhea caused by BCoV. The present study suggests that the monitoring of Hp concentration and monocyte count is useful in the diagnosis of post-weaned calves with diarrhea caused by BCoV in this field.


Assuntos
Reação de Fase Aguda/veterinária , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Diarreia/veterinária , Reação de Fase Aguda/sangue , Reação de Fase Aguda/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Coronavirus Bovino , Diarreia/sangue , Diarreia/etiologia , Diarreia/imunologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Contagem de Linfócitos , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/análise , Desmame
6.
J Dairy Res ; 86(3): 291-295, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292012

RESUMO

Serum protein distribution and concentration can be affected by different physiological and pathological conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the concentration of serum protein fractions and haptoglobin in clinically healthy dairy buffaloes during late pregnancy and early lactation. Blood and milk samples were collected from 30 buffaloes at around 7 d before expected calving (blood only) and 7, 30 and 50 d after calving. In serum samples, the total protein, haptoglobin, albumin, α1-, α2-, ß1-, ß2-, γ-globulins, and albumin/globulin ratio (A/G) values were evaluated. In milk, fat%, protein%, lactose%, somatic cell score (SCS) were assessed, along with milk yield (MY) and daily milk production (DMP). The peripartum period significantly influenced (P < 0.005) total protein, albumin, haptoglobin, α2-, ß2- and γ-globulins (P < 0.005). Milk yield, DMP and fat% changed significantly throughout the monitoring period (P < 0.005). Milk yield and DMP were positively correlated with total protein, albumin, ß2-globulins and A/G ratio, and negatively correlated with haptoglobin and α2-globulins. These results provide new knowledge about the serum protein electrophoretic pattern in Italian Mediterranean Buffaloes during the last phase of pregnancy and early stages of lactation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Búfalos/sangue , Haptoglobinas/análise , Lactação/sangue , Parto/sangue , Animais , Búfalos/fisiologia , Feminino , Itália , Leite/química , Período Periparto/sangue , Gravidez , Albumina Sérica/análise , Soroglobulinas/análise
7.
Vet Microbiol ; 234: 34-43, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213270

RESUMO

Mannheimia haemolytica is an important cause of bovine respiratory disease (BRD). BRD is usually a multifactorial disease with host factors and viral infections influencing pathogenesis. Previous studies that have attempted to experimentally induce pneumonia using aerosolized M. haemolytica alone have produced inconsistent results, yet an aerosol model would be useful to study the details of early infection and to investigate the role of innate defences in pathogenesis. The objective of these studies was to develop and characterize an aerosolized M. haemolytica disease model. In an initial study, conventionally raised calves with higher levels of antibody against M. haemolytica leukotoxin developed acute respiratory distress and diffuse alveolar damage, but did not develop bronchopneumonia, following challenge with M. haemolytica serotype 1. Clean-catch colostrum-deprived calves challenged with 1 × 1010 colony forming units of M. haemolytica serotype 1 consistently developed bronchopneumonia, with elevations in rectal temperature, serum haptoglobin, plasma fibrinogen, and blood neutrophils. Mannheimia haemolytica serotype 1 was consistently isolated from the nasal cavities and lungs of challenged calves. Despite distribution of aerosol and isolation of M. haemolytica in all lung lobes, gross lesions were mainly observed in the cranioventral area of lung. Gross and histologic lesions included neutrophilic bronchopneumonia and fibrinous pleuritis, with oat cells (necrotic neutrophils with streaming nuclei), and areas of coagulative necrosis, which are similar to lesions in naturally occurring BRD. Thus, challenge with M. haemolytica serotype 1 and use of clean-catch colostrum-deprived calves with low or absent antibody titres allowed development of an effective aerosol challenge model that induced typical clinical disease and lesions.


Assuntos
Broncopneumonia/veterinária , Colostro , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mannheimia haemolytica/patogenicidade , Pneumonia Bacteriana/veterinária , Aerossóis , Fatores Etários , Animais , Broncopneumonia/microbiologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Haptoglobinas/análise , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Neutrófilos/microbiologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/microbiologia , Alvéolos Pulmonares/patologia
8.
Folia Histochem Cytobiol ; 57(2): 74-83, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease which becomes a rapidly growing health problem in the Western countries. The development of the disease is most often connected to obesity. NAFLD is also considered as the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Transforming growth factor b1 (TGF-b1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis, being involved in activation of hepatic stellate cells, stimulation of collagen gene transcription, and suppression of matrix metalloproteinase expression. The objective of the study was to evaluate by immunohistochemistry the expression of TGF-b1 in the liver tissue of NAFLD patients and correlate it with anthropometric, biochemical and routine histological parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 48 patients with diagnosed NAFLD. Liver steatosis, NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) and METAVIR score of fibrosis were evaluated in liver biopsies. The immunoreactivity of TGF-b1 was evaluated semi-quantitatively separately in portal, septal, lobular hepatocytic and lobular sinu-soidal liver compartments. The results were analyzed in regard to patients' clinical and biochemical parameters. RESULTS: Neither steatosis nor NAS correlated with TGF-b1 expression in any liver compartment, whereas METAVIR score of fibrosis was associated with increased immunoreactivity of TGF-b1 in most of the studied liver compartments. TGF-b1 immunoreactivity showed positive correlation with patients' age and its expression in septal compartment disclosed positive correlation with body mass index, and waist and hip circumference. Hyaluronic acid serum level was positively and iron concentration was negatively associated with TGF-b1 ex-pression in the selected consecutive liver compartments. CONCLUSIONS: The immunohistochemical expression of TGF-b1 may be complementary to routine methods of liver fibrosis evaluation.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/imunologia , Fígado/imunologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/imunologia , Adulto , Peptídeo C/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Haptoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/sangue , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ferro/sangue , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/sangue
9.
J Vet Intern Med ; 33(4): 1789-1795, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma in horses is associated with nonspecific respiratory clinical signs and may be manifested only as exercise intolerance. Its diagnosis relies on bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cytology in the presence of compatible clinical signs. The identification of blood biomarkers for this condition would facilitate diagnosis in the field, because there are regional areas where BAL is not routinely performed in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: Identification of blood biomarkers for the diagnosis of asthma in horses. ANIMALS: Fourteen horses with asthma with increased neutrophil numbers in BALF (neutrophilic asthma), 9 healthy control horses, and 10 horses with other pathologic conditions (pathologic controls). METHODS: Physical examination, clinical score, hematology, and BALF cytology (in a subset of horses) were performed. Serum concentrations of surfactant protein D (SP-D), haptoglobin, and secretoglobin (SCGB) were measured using commercial ELISA assays. RESULTS: Serum concentration of SP-D > 43 ng/mL, serum concentration of haptoglobin >5730 ng/mL, and serum concentration of SCGB <19 ng/mL allowed differentiation of horses with neutrophilic asthma from horses of the control groups (healthy and pathologic) with sensitivity of 55, 95, and 75%, and specificity of 67, 28, and 60%, respectively. Specificity of 100% and sensitivity of 45% were obtained with the combination of SP-D, haptoglobin, and SCGB at the serum concentrations indicated above. Specificity of 95% and sensitivity of 45% were obtained with the combination of SP-D and SCGB serum concentrations. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Haptoglobin, SCGB, and SP-D may be diagnostic aids in horses with clinical signs of lower airway disease and neutrophilic pulmonary inflammation.


Assuntos
Asma/veterinária , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças dos Cavalos/sangue , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico , Animais , Asma/sangue , Asma/diagnóstico , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Cavalos , Masculino , Neutrófilos , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Secretoglobinas/sangue
10.
J Dairy Sci ; 102(7): 6199-6209, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030931

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of supplementing a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP; NutriTek, Diamond V, Cedar Rapids, IA) during the periparturient period (d -28 ± 3 to 44 ± 3 relative to calving) on mRNA abundance of genes in the rumen epithelium, inflammation indicators, oxidative status, and adaptive immunity of dairy cows fed diets with different starch content after calving. From d 28 ± 3 (± standard deviation) before the expected calving date to calving, Holstein cows (n = 38) received a common basal controlled-energy close-up diet (1.43 Mcal/kg, net energy for lactation; 13.8% starch) with (SCFP; n = 19) or without (CON; n = 19) SCFP, and cows within each treatment (CON or SCFP) were fed either a low- (LS; 22.1% starch) or high-starch (HS; 28.3% starch) diet from d 1 to 23 ± 3 after calving (fresh period). There were 4 treatment groups: LS + CON (n = 9), LS + SCFP (n = 10), HS + CON (n = 10), and HS + SCFP (n = 9). From d 24 ± 3 to 44 ± 3 after calving, all cows were fed the HS diets (post-fresh period). Animal assignment to treatments was balanced for parity, body condition score, and expected calving date. An interaction was observed between dietary starch content and SCFP on indices of oxidative stress; plasma concentrations of total antioxidant capacity tended to be reduced on d 21 after calving for SCFP compared with CON cows when a LS fresh diet was fed, but did not differ for cows fed HS fresh diets. Regardless of starch content, SCFP supplementation increased plasma concentrations of malondialdehyde at d 21 after calving compared with CON. Supplementing with SCFP reduced serum concentrations of haptoglobin on d 7 after calving, indicating reduced inflammation, and feeding LS fresh diets reduced mRNA abundance of IL receptor associated kinase-1 in rumen tissue at d 21 after calving, suggesting reduced immune activation in rumen tissue. Other than the anti-inflammatory effects indicated by lower serum haptoglobin concentration, no other effects of treatment on adaptive immunity were detectable. These results indicate that supplementing SCFP through the transition period and feeding low-starch diets during the fresh period may reduce inflammation.


Assuntos
Bovinos/imunologia , Dieta/veterinária , Fermentação , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Amido/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Inflamação/veterinária , Lactação/fisiologia , Paridade , Parto/fisiologia , Gravidez , Rúmen/imunologia
11.
Pancreatology ; 19(4): 569-577, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fucosylated haptoglobin detected by Pholiota squarrosa lectin (PhoSL) that had specificity for fucose α1-6 was reported as an effective biomarker for several gastrointestinal diseases. The aim of this study was to verify Fucosylated haptoglobin detected by Pholiota squarrosa lectin (PhoSL-HP) as a pancreatic cancer (PC) marker using a new method of PhoSL-ELISA. METHODS: PhoSL-HP in sera from 98 PC patients and 158 non-PC samples including 32 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) patients, 21 chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients and 105 non-pancreatic disease controls (NPDC) were measured. We compared sensitivities, specificities and areas under the curves (AUC) of PhoSL-HP, CA19-9 and CEA as single markers. We also evaluated PhoSL-HP as combination marker by comparing AUC of CA19-9 combined with PhoSL-HP or CEA. RESULTS: The sensitivities of PhoSL-HP, CA19-9 and CEA for PC were 58%, 76% and 42%, respectively. Although the specificity of PhoSL-HP for NPDC was inferior to both of CA19-9 and CEA, that for pancreatic diseases was higher than both of CA19-9 and CEA. Combined CA19-9 with PhoSL-HP, the AUC was significantly higher at 0.880 than single use of CA19-9 at 0.825 in case of distinguishing PC from other pancreatic diseases. In contrast, the AUC of CA19-9 was not elevated significantly when combined with CEA. CONCLUSION: PhoSL-HP would be a useful marker for PC and have sufficient complementarity for CA19-9.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Haptoglobinas/análise , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Antígeno CA-19-9/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Fucose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatopatias/sangue , Pancreatopatias/diagnóstico , Pancreatite Crônica/sangue , Pancreatite Crônica/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
12.
Clin Chim Acta ; 495: 309-317, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to Hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection is a major cause in Asia-Pacific countries. Its early detection is of paramount importance using a marker having both sensitivity and specificity. The present study promises diagnostic and prognostic markers by the identification of site-specific glycoforms on Haptoglobin (Hp) using LC-MS/MS and lectin ELISA in liver diseased conditions in HBV infection. METHODS: Three groups of patients: chronic, liver cirrhosis and HCC with HBV infection along with controls were enrolled. Hp was purified using affinity column chromatography and, peptide sequence, N-glycosylation site, glycan composition and glycoforms were identified using mass spectrometry. Quantitative lectin ELISA was used to measure levels of fucosylation on Hp in liver diseases due to HBV. RESULTS: Hp levels were significantly lower in HCC when compared with Non-HCC cases (p < .05). Fucosylated glycoforms were significantly increased at site Asn184, Asn207 and Asn211 in liver diseased stages versus controls. A significant association was observed between the Fuc-Hp/Hp Elisa index and, advanced liver disease stages and controls using lectin Elisa (p < .001). CONCLUSION: Quantitation of fucosylation levels on Hp protein using Lectin ELISA may be useful glycobiomarker either alone or in combination (AFP + DCP + FucHp; AUC = 0.94) in HBV HCC diagnosis in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Haptoglobinas/análise , Hepatite B/complicações , Imunoensaio/métodos , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Proteômica/métodos , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/química , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Feminino , Fucose/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/análise , Glicosilação , Humanos , Lectinas , Hepatopatias/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
Clin Chim Acta ; 494: 138-142, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898509

RESUMO

Haptoglobin (Hp) is a major plasma acute-phase glycoprotein, which binds free haemoglobin to neutralize its toxicity. The HP gene exists as two copy number variants (CNV), Hp1 and HP2, which differ in two ways: serum Hp level and functional differences in Hp protein products. Both mechanisms may underlie the HP CNV's influence on susceptibility and/or outcome in several diseases. A single nucleotide polymorphism rs2000999 has also been associated with serum Hp level. In a meta-analysis of three studies from England, France and Japan, with a combined sample size of 1210 participants, we show that rs2000999's effect on circulating Hp level is independent from that of the HP CNV. The combined use of rs2000999 and the HP CNV can be an important genetic epidemiological tool to discriminate between the two potential mechanisms underlying differences between HP1 and HP2 alleles.


Assuntos
Alelos , Haptoglobinas/análise , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise Química do Sangue , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , França , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Reino Unido
14.
J Anim Sci ; 97(5): 1996-2008, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896739

RESUMO

Assisted calves are often born weak, injured, or oxygen deprived and have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality. The objective was to investigate the impact of using pain mitigation at birth in assisted beef calves on physiological indicators of pain and inflammation, passive immunity, health, and growth. Thirty-three primiparous cows and their calves requiring assistance at birth on two ranches located in southern Alberta were enrolled. Data collected at birth include date and time of calving, calf sex, meconium staining, presentation of calf, and calving difficulty (easy assist: one person manually delivered the calf; difficult assist: delivery by two or more people, or mechanical assistance). Within 10 min of birth, calves were stratified by calving difficulty, randomized to a medication group, and received a subcutaneous dose of meloxicam (0.5 mg/kg BW) or an equivalent volume of placebo. Cow-calf pairs were then placed in individual box stalls for observation and sampling. At birth, 1, 4, and 24 h after birth, heart rate, respiratory rate, and rectal temperature were assessed and blood samples collected to measure indicators of pain and inflammation (cortisol, corticosterone, substance P, and haptoglobin). Serum IgG concentration and failed transfer of passive immunity (serum IgG concentration <24 g/L) were assessed in the 24-h blood samples. Preweaning treatment for disease and mortality information was collected and calves were weighed at 7 to 10 d of age and at weaning. Of the 33 calves enrolled, 17 calves received meloxicam and 16 calves received a placebo. Meloxicam-medicated calves had significantly greater ADG to 7 to 10 d of age (P = 0.05) (mean = 0.9 kg/d; SE = 0.10) compared with placebo-medicated calves (mean = 0.6 kg/d; SE = 0.12). There was no significant effect of meloxicam on physiological indicators of pain and inflammation, standing or nursing by 1 h, passive immunity, health outcomes, or ADG to weaning (P > 0.1). Although this was a small sample population, meloxicam given to assisted calves at birth improved ADG in the first week of life, which may indicate an important production management tool for improving well-being in assisted calves.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Bovinos/fisiologia , Inflamação/veterinária , Meloxicam/administração & dosagem , Dor/veterinária , Alberta , Criação de Animais Domésticos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Bovinos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bovinos/imunologia , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Dor/prevenção & controle , Parto , Gravidez , Desmame
15.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(1): 193-199, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755569

RESUMO

Neonatal sepsis is one of the major health problems throughout the world and major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Positive blood culture considers the gold standard for confirmation of neonatal sepsis, but it does not provide rapid diagnosis. So this study was designed to find out the performance of haematological parameters in early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of haematological parameters individually and in combination in early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. It was a cross-sectional study conducted at neonatal ward, SCANU and obstetric ward of Rangpur Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015. A total of 70 neonates clinically suspected to have features of sepsis were included in this study. Another 70 healthy term neonates were included in the study as reference group. Blood sample were obtained to estimate TLC, ANC, immature neutrophil count, degenerative changes in PMNs, platelet count, I/T and I/M ratio. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the individual test and tests combination were calculated. Among the haematological parameters, performance of combined tests had high sensitivity, specificity, with PPV and NPV. Among the individual tests I/T and I/M ratio had high sensitivity (95%), specificity (85%, 90%), PPV (90%, 75%) and NPV (90%). There were 22 out of 70 neonates (31.42%) who had culture proven sepsis. Among 22 culture proven sepsis most commonly found organism were Escherichia Coli 12(54.5%) followed by Klebsiella 3(13.63%), Proteus 3(13.63%), Staphylococcus aureus 2(9.9%) and Salmonella 2(9.9%). There is no ideal test for diagnosis of early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis haematological parameters is useful adjunct test in identifying clinically suspected neonatal sepsis.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Haptoglobinas/análise , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Sepse Neonatal/diagnóstico , Bangladesh , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Sepse Neonatal/sangue , Sepse Neonatal/etiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Talanta ; 197: 257-263, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771932

RESUMO

The suggested research specifically addresses the major source of economic loss of the dairy industry, the bovine mastitis (BM), an inflammatory disease of mammary gland caused by bacterial intramammary infection. During udder inflammation, the concentrations of acute phase proteins (APP) in both plasma and milk are escalated, which can be distinctively utilized as predicting diagnostic biomarkers of cattle's BM clinical status. Herein, we demonstrate a liquid-phase luminol chemiluminescence (CL) system for sensitive detection of haptoglobin (Hp), a predictive APP of BM, by utilizing the binding capacity of hemoglobin (Hb). The CL intensity is linearly proportional to Hb-Hp complex formation, resulting in peroxidase-like activity inhibition of luminol-H2O2-Hb CL system. Enhanced CL, at least 10-fold effect within real samples, is attained by the addition of catalytically active cross-linked gold nanoparticles (GNPs) onto the luminol-H2O2 solution. Moreover, the influence of different somatic cell counts (representing subclinical and clinical BM status) and pathogen types (i.e., CNS and Streptococcus dysgalactiae) on the secreted milk Hp levels obtained from Holstein cows are established. The analyzed Hp concentrations are in agreement with a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. The proposed CL sensing concept offers cost-effective, simple, label-free and reliable systematic analysis of Hp biomarker for BM, potentially initiating a positive effect on animals' health and overall economy of the dairy farms.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Haptoglobinas/análise , Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Leite/química , Animais , Bovinos
17.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(2): 99-107, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-175801

RESUMO

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an inflammatory condition associated to obesity and increased oxidative stress. Haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute phase reactant that scavenges extracorpuscular hemoglobin from circulation and prevents heme-iron oxidative damage. Objective: To assess the association between Hp levels and Hp1-Hp2 gene polymorphism and clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with T2DM. Methods: The study sample consisted of 102 T2DM patients and 62 controls. Hp plasma levels were measured using an ELISA assay, and Hp genotyping was performed using a specific two-step allelic polymerase chain reaction. Results: Hp levels were higher in T2DM patients as compared to controls (p=0.005). T2DM patients with high blood pressure had higher Hp levels than patients without this comorbidity (p=0.021). Obese T2DM patients had higher Hp levels as compared to obese controls (p=0.009) and to non-obese T2DM patients (p=0.003). The Hp1-Hp1 genotype was showed to be associated to T2DM according to additive (OR=3.038, 95% CI 1.127-8.192; p=0.036) and dominant model (OR=0.320, 95% CI 0.118-0.839; p=0.010), but Hp2 allele carriers contributed with higher Hp levels in T2DM as compared to controls. Waist circumference (p=0.002), BMI (p=0.001), and IL-6 (p=0.012), and hs-CRP (p=0.001) levels positively correlated with Hp levels in the T2DM group. Conclusion: These results suggest that Hp levels are influenced by Hp1-Hp2 polymorphism, obesity, inflammatory status, and high blood pressure in T2DM


Antecedentes: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) es una afección inflamatoria asociada con la obesidad y el aumento del estrés oxidativo. La haptoglobina (Hp) es un reactante de fase aguda que elimina la hemoglobina extracorpuscular de la circulación y previene el daño oxidativo del hierro hemo. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre los niveles de Hp y el polimorfismo del gen Hp1-Hp2, y los parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio en individuos con DM2. Métodos: Ciento dos pacientes con DM2 y 62 controles se incluyeron en este estudio. Los niveles plasmáticos de Hp se cuantificaron por ELISA y el genotipado de Hp se llevó a cabo mediante una PCR alelo-específica en dos pasos. Resultados: Los niveles de Hp fueron más altos en pacientes con DM2 en comparación con los controles (p=0,005). Los pacientes con DM2 con hipertensión arterial mostraron niveles más altos de Hp en comparación con los pacientes sin hipertensión (p=0,021). Los pacientes obesos con DM2 mostraron niveles más altos de Hp en comparación con los controles obesos (p=0,009) y con los pacientes con DM2 no obesos (p=0,003). El genotipo Hp1-Hp1 mostró asociación con DM2 según el modelo aditivo (OR=3,038; IC 95%: 1,127-8,192; p=0,036) y el modelo dominante (OR=0,320; IC 95%: 0,118-0,839; p=0,010), pero entre los portadores del alelo Hp2, las concentraciones de Hp eran más altas en T2DM que en controles. La circunferencia de la cintura (p=0,002), el IMC (p=0,001), IL-6 (p=0,012) y la hs-CRP (p=0,001) se correlacionaron positivamente con los niveles de Hp en el grupo DM2. Conclusión: Estos resultados sugieren que los niveles de Hp están influenciados por el polimorfismo Hp1-Hp2, la obesidad, el estado inflamatorio y la hipertensión en DM2


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Haptoglobinas/fisiologia , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Haptoglobinas/análise , Haptoglobinas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Genoma Humano/fisiologia
18.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 8, 2019 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30634984

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum haptoglobin (Hp) has been closely associated with cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. We investigated a metabolic profile associated with circulating Hp and carotid arterial functions via a targeted metabolomics approach to provide insight into potential mechanisms. METHODS: A total of 240 participants, including 120 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 120 non-diabetes mellitus (non-DM) subjects were recruited in this study. Targeted metabolic profiles of serum metabolites were determined using an AbsoluteIDQ™ p180 Kit (BIOCRATES Life Sciences AG, Innsbruck, Austria). Ultrasound of the bilateral common carotid artery was used to measure intima-media thickness and inter-adventitial diameter. Serum Hp levels were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Serum Hp levels in T2DM patients and non-DM subjects were 103.40 (72.46, 131.99) mg/dL and 100.20 (53.99, 140.66) mg/dL, respectively. Significant differences of 19 metabolites and 17 metabolites were found among serum Hp tertiles in T2DM patients and non-DM subjects, respectively (P < 0.05). Of these, phosphatidylcholine acyl-alkyl C32:2 (PC ae C32:2) was the common metabolite observed in two populations, which was associated with the serum Hp groups and lipid traits (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the metabolite ratios of two acidic amino acids, including aspartate to PC ae C32:2 (Asp/PC ae C32:2) and glutamate to PC ae C32:2 (Glu/PC ae C32:2) were correlated with serum Hp, carotid arterial functions and other biochemical index in both populations significantly (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Targeted metabolomics analyses might provide a new insight into the potential mechanisms underlying the association between serum Hp and carotid arterial functions.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Haptoglobinas/análise , Metabolômica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Ácido Aspártico/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Ácido Glutâmico/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilcolinas/sangue
19.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(1): 19-23, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30685900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frequent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbators are at a higher risk of adverse health outcomes when compared to infrequent exacerbators. A COPD frequent exacerbator phenotype and its definition has been reported. Haptoglobin (Hp) polymorphism has been associated with differing clinical outcomes in cardiovascular and renal disease. The Hp 2-2 phenotype has been found to have bacteriostatic properties, while the Hp 1-1 phenotype was found to be associated with infections. OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlation in haptoglobin phenotypes and the frequent exacerbator status compared to COPD non-exacerbators. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included previous diagnosis of COPD and presence of at least two documented exacerbations of COPD in the previous 12 months (frequent exacerbator group) or absence of such exacerbations in the previous 24 months (non-exacerbator group). Descriptive data was analyzed using Fisher's exact test and the nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: The multivariate logistic regression yielded a model in which haptoglobin phenotype did not have a statistically significant association with frequent exacerbator status. Smoking status was found to be negatively related with the frequent exacerbator status (odds ratio [OR] 0.240, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 0.068-0.843, P = 0.03). Number of pack-years was negatively related to being a frequent exacerbator (OR 0.979, 95%CI 0.962-0.996, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: We found no relationship between haptoglobin polymorphism and frequent exacerbator status. However, frequent exacerbator status had a statistically significant association with COPD Assessment Test scores and pack-years and a negative correlation with current smoking status.


Assuntos
Haptoglobinas/análise , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo Genético , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Espirometria/métodos
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