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1.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 529-535, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484617

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of N-acetylcysteine(NAC)on cognitive function and nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2/ heme oxygenase-1(Nrf2/HO-1)pathway in mouse models of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Methods Fifty-four male C57BL/6J mice(3-4 months old)were randomly divided into control group,surgery group,and surgery+NAC group by block randomization.The intramedullary fixation for left tibial fracture surgery was performed to establish postoperative cognitive dysfunction models.NAC(150 mg/kg)was administered intraperitoneally in group surgery+NAC 30 minutes before and 3 hours,6 hours after surgery,while saline was given in control group and surgery group.Six mice in each group were selected randomly underwent Morris water maze test on the third day after surgery.Animals were sacrificed at the first and third postoperative days,and the hippocampus was harvested.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to quantify the levels of interleukin-6(IL-6)and malondialdehyde(MDA)in hippocampus.Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to measure the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus. Results There was no significant difference in swimming speed among three groups(F=2.135,P=0.114).Compared with control group and surgery+NAC group,the surgery group had prolonged escape latency(P<0.01),reduced platform crossing times(P<0.01),and shortened time spent in the target quadrant(P<0.01).Compared with the control group,the surgery group and the surgery+NAC group had significantly increased levels of IL-6 and MDA in hippocampus at the first postoperative day(all P=0.000).On the third postoperative day,there was no significant difference in the levels of IL-6(P=0.251)and MDA(P=0.103)between control group and surgery+NAC group.The protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus were significantly higher in surgery group and surgery+NAC group than in control group and significantly higher in surgery+NAC group than in surgery group(all P=0.000).The mRNA expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 in hippocampus were significantly higher in surgery group and surgery+NAC group than in control group and significantly higher in surgery+NAC group than in surgery group (all P=0.000). Conclusions NAC pretreatment may reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory response in hippocampus and improve cognitive function.Such effect may be relate to the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Distribuição Aleatória
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10342-10351, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461273

RESUMO

Maltol, a maillard reaction product from ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer), has been confirmed to inhibit oxidative stress in several animal models. Its beneficial effect on oxidative stress related brain aging is still unclear. In this study, the mouse model of d-galactose (d-Gal)-induced brain aging was employed to investigate the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of maltol. Maltol treatment significantly restored memory impairment in mice as determined by the Morris water maze tests. Long-term d-Gal treatment reduced expression of cholinergic regulators, i.e., the cholineacetyltransferase (ChAT) (0.456 ± 0.10 vs 0.211 ± 0.03 U/mg prot), the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) (36.4 ± 5.21 vs 66.5 ± 9.96 U/g). Maltol treatment prevented the reduction of ChAT and AChE in the hippocampus. Maltol decreased oxidative stress levels by reducing levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in the brain and by elevating antioxidative enzymes. Furthermore, maltol treatment minimized oxidative stress by increasing the phosphorylation levels of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1). The above results clearly indicate that supplementation of maltol diminishes d-Gal-induced behavioral dysfunction and neurological deficits via activation of the PI3K/Akt-mediated Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in brain. Maltol might become a potential drug to slow the brain aging process and stimulate endogenous antioxidant defense capacity. This study provides the novel evidence that maltol may slow age-associated brain aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Pironas/administração & dosagem , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Panax/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
3.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 567-581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468432

RESUMO

Here, we investigated the hepatoprotective effect of a hot water extract from Loliolus beka gray meat (LBMH) containing plentiful taurine in H2O2-induced oxidative stress in hepatocytes. LBMH potently scavenged the 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and exhibited the good reducing power and the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value. Also, LBMH improved the cell viability against H2O2-induced hepatic damage in cultured hepatocytes by reducing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. In addition, LBMH inhibited apoptosis via a reduction in sub-G1 cell population, as well as inhibition of apoptotic body formation from H2O2-induced oxidative damage in hepatocytes. Moreover, LBMH regulated the expression levels of Bax, a pro-apoptotic molecule and Bcl-2, an anti-apoptotic molecule in H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Additionally, pre-treatment with LBMH increased the expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), which is a hepatoprotective enzyme, by activating the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Taken together, LBMH may be useful as a food ingredient for treatment of liver disease by regulating the Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Decapodiformes/química , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/citologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 583-596, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468433

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the protective effects of an aqueous extract from Batillus cornutus meat (BM) against cellular oxidative damage caused by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in human hepatocyte, Chang cells. First, we prepared an aqueous extract of BM meat (BMW) showing the highest taurine content among free amino acid contents. BMW led to high antioxidant activity showing 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, good reducing power and an oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value. Also, BMW improved cell viability that was diminished by H2O2 exposure, as it reduced the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in Chang cells. In addition, BMW up-regulated the production of antioxidant enzymes, such as catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD), compared to H2O2-treated Chang cells lacking BMW. Moreover, BMW induced the expressions of nuclear Nrf2 and cytosolic HO-1 in H2O2-treated Chang cells. Interestingly, the treatment of ZnPP, HO-1 inhibitor, abolished the improvement in cell viability and intracellular ROS generation mediated by BMW treatment. In conclusion, this study suggests that BMW protects hepatocytes against H2O2-mediated cellular oxidative damage via up-regulation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway.


Assuntos
Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Transdução de Sinais , Taurina/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1155: 661-674, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468438

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant activity of an aqueous extract from Atrina pectinate meat (APW) against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in a human hepatocyte. The extraction yield of APW was 30.01 ± 0.83% and which contained the highest taurine content among free amino acid contents. APW led to the high antioxidant activity showing 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activity, good reducing power and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) value. Also, the results showed that APW improved the cell viability decreased by H2O2 stimulation as well as the reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in hepatocytes. Additionally, APW up-regulated the production of antioxidant mechanisms related enzymes such as catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD), compared to the only H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Moreover, APW increased the expressions of nuclear Nrf2 and cytosolic HO-1 in H2O2-treated hepatocytes. Interestingly, the treatment of ZnPP, a HO-1 inhibitor abolished the cell viability and intracellular ROS generation induced by APW treatment. In conclusion, this study suggests that APW protects H2O2 induced oxidative stress via up-regulating of Nrf2/HO-1 signal pathway in hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bivalves/química , Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Carne , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
6.
Plant Mol Biol ; 101(1-2): 203-220, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297725

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Here, a functional characterization of a wheat MSR has been presented: this protein makes a contribution to the plant's tolerance of abiotic stress, acting through its catalytic capacity and its modulation of ROS and ABA pathways. The molecular mechanism and function of certain members of the methionine sulfoxide reductase (MSR) gene family have been defined, however, these analyses have not included the wheat equivalents. The wheat MSR gene TaMSRA4.1 is inducible by salinity and drought stress and in this study, we demonstrate that its activity is restricted to the Met-S-SO enantiomer, and its subcellular localization is in the chloroplast. Furthermore, constitutive expression of TaMSRA4.1 enhanced the salinity and drought tolerance of wheat and Arabidopsis thaliana. In these plants constitutively expressing TaMSRA4.1, the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was found to be influenced through the modulation of genes encoding proteins involved in ROS signaling, generation and scavenging, while the level of endogenous abscisic acid (ABA), and the sensitivity of stomatal guard cells to exogenous ABA, was increased. A yeast two-hybrid screen, bimolecular fluorescence complementation and co-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that heme oxygenase 1 (HO1) interacted with TaMSRA4.1, and that this interaction depended on a TaHO1 C-terminal domain. In plants subjected to salinity or drought stress, TaMSRA4.1 reversed the oxidation of TaHO1, activating ROS and ABA signaling pathways, but not in the absence of HO1. The aforementioned properties advocate TaMSRA4.1 as a candidate for plant genetic enhancement.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Metionina Sulfóxido Redutases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Estresse Fisiológico , Triticum/enzimologia , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Secas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Metionina Sulfóxido Redutases/genética , Oxirredução , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Salinidade , Tolerância ao Sal , Plântula/enzimologia , Plântula/genética , Plântula/fisiologia , Triticum/genética , Triticum/fisiologia , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 310: 108754, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323227

RESUMO

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Piceatannol (PIC) has protective effects against cardiovascular disease; however, it remains unknown whether it also protects against DCM. A Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to evaluate the effects of PIC on the viability of high glucose (HG)-induced H9C2 cells. Protein expression and mRNA levels were detected by western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respectively. In vivo, physical and biochemical analyses, together with transthoracic echocardiography and hemodynamic measurements, were used to detect the effects of PIC treatment on cardiac function in DCM rats. Reactive oxygen species production was determined using an ELISA kit, and inflammatory cytokines were detected by RT-PCR. Pathological changes were assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemical staining, and TUNEL staining. According to the results, PIC treatment improved cell viability and inhibited cell apoptosis in HG-induced H9C2 cardiac myoblasts. In addition, PIC not only attenuated the over-production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) (P < 0.05) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) (P < 0.05), but also improved the expression of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) (P < 0.05) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) (P < 0.01). Importantly, knockdown of Nrf2 suppressed PIC-mediated activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and abolished its anti-inflammatory effects. In vivo, oral administration of PIC suppressed STZ-induced inflammation, oxidative stress hypertrophy, fibrosis(myocardial collagen volume fraction in 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg PIC group was decreased 25.83% and 55.61% compared with the DM group), and apoptosis(Caspase-3 level in 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg PIC group was decreased 13.21% and 33.91% compared with the DM group), thereby relieving cardiac dysfunction and improving both fibrosis and pathological changes in cardiac tissues of diabetic rats. These findings define for the first time that the effects of PIC against DCM can be attributed to its role in inflammation and oxidative stress inhibition.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Estilbenos/uso terapêutico
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(11): 2331-2337, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359660

RESUMO

Astragaloside Ⅳ(AS-Ⅳ) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury(IRI), but its mechanism of action has not yet been determined. This study aims to investigate the protective effects and mechanism of AS-Ⅳ on H9c2 cardiomyocyte injury induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation(H/R). The H/R model of myocardial cells was established by hypoxic culture for 12 hours and then reoxygenation culture for 8 hours. After AS-Ⅳ treatment, cell viability, the reactive oxygen species(ROS) levels, as well as the content or activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA), interleukin 6(IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α), were measured to evaluate the effect of AS-Ⅳ treatment. The effect of AS-Ⅳ on HO-1 protein expression and nuclear Nrf2 and Bach1 protein expression was determined by Western blot. Finally, siRNA was used to knock down HO-1 gene expression to observe its reversal effect on AS-Ⅳ intervention. The results showed that as compared with the H/R model group, the cell viability was significantly increased(P<0.01), ROS level in the cells, MDA, hs-CRP and TNF-α in cell supernatant and nuclear protein Bach1 expression in the cells were significantly decreased(P<0.01), while SOD content, HO-1 protein expression in cells and expression of nuclear protein Nrf2 were significantly increased(P<0.01) in H/R+AS-Ⅳ group. However, pre-transfection of HO-1 siRNA into H9c2 cells by liposome could partly reverse the above effects of AS-Ⅳ after knocking down the expression of HO-1. This study suggests that AS-Ⅳ has significant protective effect on H/R injury of H9c2 cardiomyocytes, and Nrf2/Bach1/HO-1 signaling pathway may be a key signaling pathway for the effect.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Saponinas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Células Cultivadas , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16084, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261522

RESUMO

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an important catalytic enzyme in heme degradation, which increases during stressful conditions. It plays a major role in antioxidative and antiapoptotic processes and is associated with tumor growth and metastasis.This study aimed to evaluate the degree of HO-1 expressions in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surgical specimens and the correlation between HO-1 expression and patient prognosis. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded HCC tissue samples (n = 96) were included in the analysis, and the expression of HO-1 was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. We reviewed clinical features of patients and evaluated the prognostic role of HO-1 in patient survival and recurrence.Positive HO-1 expression was identified in 43 cases (44.8%) and was frequently found in patients with advanced histology (Edmondson-Steiner [E-S] grade 2, 3, 4), α-fetoprotein (AFP) level of more than 200 IU/mL, and the presence of microvascular and capsular invasion (P < .05). In the univariate analysis, the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with HO-1-positive HCC were not statistically different from those with HO-1-negative HCC. Moreover, HO-1 expression was not associated with patient survival and recurrence based on the multivariate analysis. In the subgroup analysis of patients without preoperative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) (n = 61), HO-1 was not also associated with tumor recurrence (P = .681).The clinical implication of HO-1 activity is controversial in various malignancies. However, HO-1 expression did not seem to influence the prognosis of HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 139, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that caffeic acid (CA), a well-known phytochemical, displays important antioxidant and anti-cancer activities. However, no evidence exists on the protective effect and its mechanisms that CA treatment alone has against oxidative stress induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) in HepG2 cells. METHODS: Hepatoprotective activities such as cell viability, mRNA expression, and report gene assay were measured using HepG2 cell. Three types of genes and proteins related with detoxification in liver were used for measuring the hepatoprotective effects. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA test and differences among groups were evaluated by Tukey's studentized range tests. RESULTS: The present study indicate that treatment with CA up-regulates heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL) mRNA and protein expressions in a CA-dose-dependent manner. In addition, translocation of nuclear factor-E2 p45-related factor (Nrf2) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase, ERK and c-Jun N-terminal kinase, JNK which have been shown to be involved in mitogen-activated protein kinases, MAPKs are significantly enhanced by CA treatment. Furthermore, in cell nuclei, CA enhances the 5'-flanking regulatory region of human antioxidant response element (ARE) and activates the ARE binding site. CONCLUSION: Therefore, CA proved to be a stimulant of the expression of detoxification enzymes such as HO-1, GCLC, and GCLM through the ERK/Nrf2 pathway, and it may be an effective chemoprotective agent for protecting liver damage against oxidative damage.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/toxicidade , Elementos de Resposta Antioxidante/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/genética , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/genética , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
11.
Gen Physiol Biophys ; 38(4): 281-294, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219431

RESUMO

In this study, the protective effect of coptisine on the oxidative damage-mediated apoptosis was evaluated in cultured human HaCaT keratinocytes. The results demonstrate that preincubation of cells with coptisine prior to H2O2 stimulation resulted in significant inhibition of cytotoxicity and DNA damage associated with the inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Coptisine also restored H2O2-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and decrease of ATP production, and prevented apoptosis by inhibiting Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, caspase-3 activity, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation. Interestingly, the expressions of nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and its active form, phosphorylated Nrf2, were strikingly promoted by coptisine in the presence of H2O2, which was associated with a marked increase in the expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). However, coptisine-induced HO-1 expression was completely abrogated by Nrf2-specific small interfering RNA (Nrf2-siRNA), which suggests that the increased expression of HO-1 by coptisine is Nrf2-dependent. In addition, Nrf2-siRNA transfection significantly eliminated the protective effect of coptisine on H2O2-induced cytotoxicity, and this effect was similar to that by zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPP), an HO-1 specific inhibitor. Furthermore, the protective effects of coptisine against H2O2-induced cytotoxicity were abolished by ZnPP, indicating that coptisine protects keratinocytes against oxidative stress-induced injury through activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Dano ao DNA , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Berberina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Queratinócitos/enzimologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(26): 7249-7257, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31244201

RESUMO

The duration of the rice growth phase has always been an important target trait. The identification of mutations in rice that alter these processes and result in a shorter growth phase could have potential benefits for crop production. In this study, we isolated an early aging rice mutant, pe-1, with light green leaves, using γ-mutated indica rice cultivar and subsequent screening methods, which is known as the phytochrome synthesis factor Se5 that controls rice flowering. The pe-1 plant is accompanied by a decreased chlorophyll content, an enhanced photosynthesis, and a decreased pollen fertility. PE-1, a close homologue of HY1, is localized in the chloroplast. Expression pattern analysis indicated that PE-1 was mainly expressed in roots, stems, leaves, leaf sheaths, and young panicles. The knockout of PE-1 using the CRISPR/Cas9 system decreased the chlorophyll content and downregulated the expression of PE-1-related genes. Furthermore, the chloroplasts of pe-1 were filled with many large-sized starch grains, and the number of osmiophilic granules (a chloroplast lipid reservoir) was significantly decreased. Altogether, our findings suggest that PE-1 functions as a master regulator to mediate in chlorophyll biosynthesis and photosynthetic pathways.


Assuntos
Cloroplastos/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Oryza/enzimologia , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Cloroplastos/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Mutação , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
13.
Chem Biol Interact ; 309: 108689, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173751

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for renal impairment in patients exposed to contrast media. It doubles the risk and decreases survival rate of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN). Sulforaphane has antioxidant properties via Nrf2 activation. The interaction of diabetes and/or sulforaphane with contrast media on Nrf2 regulation is not yet understood. Herein, diabetes was induced by a single intra-peritoneal injection of streptozotocin. Animals were then divided into five groups; control non-diabetic group; diabetic group; diabetic/sulforaphane group; diabetic/CIN group; diabetic/CIN/sulforaphane group. Animals were assessed 24 h after CIN induction. Sulforaphane improved the impaired nephrotoxicity parameters, histopathological features, and oxidative stress markers induced by contrast media (meglumine diatrizoate) in diabetic rats. Immunofluorescence detection revealed increased Nrf2 expression in kidney sections after sulforaphane pretreatment. Moreover, gene expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were up-regulated, while IL-6 and caspase3 were down-regulated in kidney tissues of animals pretreated with sulforaphane. In NRK-52E cells, sulforaphane pretreatment significantly ameliorated the cytotoxicity of meglumine diatrizoate. However, silencing Nrf2 using small interfering RNA (siRNA) abolished the cytoprotective effects of sulforaphane. Collectively, the results of this study suggest that Nrf2/HO-1 pathway has a protective role against CIN and support the clinical implication of Nrf2 activators, such as sulforaphane, in CIN particularly in diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Meios de Contraste/toxicidade , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diatrizoato de Meglumina/toxicidade , Isotiocianatos/química , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular , Meios de Contraste/química , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diatrizoato de Meglumina/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Nefrite/induzido quimicamente , Nefrite/metabolismo , Nefrite/patologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 177: 338-349, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158748

RESUMO

A series of styrylquinolines was designed and synthesized based on the four main quinoline scaffolds including oxine, chloroxine and quinolines substituted with a hydroxyl group or chlorine atom at the C4 position. All of the compounds were tested for their anticancer activity on wild-type colon cancer cells (HCT 116) and those with a p53 deletion. Analysis of SAR revealed the importance of electron-withdrawing substituents in the styryl part and chelating properties in the quinoline ring. The compounds that were more active were also tested on a panel of four cancer cell lines with mutations in TP53 tumor suppressor gene. The results suggest that styrylquinolines induce cell cycle arrest and activate a p53-independent apoptosis. The apparent mechanism of action was studied for the most promising compounds, which produced reactive oxygen species and changed the cellular redox balance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estirenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/metabolismo , Quinolinas/síntese química , Quinolinas/química , Quinolinas/toxicidade , Pontos de Checagem da Fase S do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estirenos/síntese química , Estirenos/química , Estirenos/toxicidade , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
15.
Life Sci ; 232: 116583, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226417

RESUMO

TP53 mutation is an indicator of poor prognostic in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Worse still, CLL patients with TP53 mutation are associated with poor efficacy to current chemotherapeutic, such as Fludarabine. Here, we confirmed that high expression of HDAC1 in CLL patients with TP53 mutation, which is closely related to poor prognosis and drug-resistance. Subsequently, we demonstrated Entinostat (HDAC1 inhibitor) combination with Fludarabine significantly induced apoptosis in TP53 mutations CLL cells. Its mechanism was associated with up-regulation of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and the down-regulation of HDAC1, HO-1 and BCL-2 proteins. More importantly, we also confirmed that upregulation of HDAC1 could resistant Entinostat-induced apoptosis in TP53 mutations CLL cells by activating the HDAC1/P38/HO-1 pathway. In vivo, we found that Entinostat combination with Fludarabine significantly induced tumor cells apoptosis and prolong survival time in xenograft mouse model. Finally, combining vitro and vivo experiments, we presented the first demonstration that Entinostat combination with Fludarabine had a synergistic effect on the induction of apoptosis in TP53 mutations CLL cells. In conclusion, we provide valuable pre-clinical experimental evidence for the treatment of CLL patients with poor prognosis, especially for TP53 mutations.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Piridinas/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Histona Desacetilase 1/biossíntese , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 306: 152-162, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063767

RESUMO

Punicalagin has been found to exert cardiac protective effects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury, although the detailed mechanisms remain largely unknown. This experiment was performed to explore the potential involvement of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1)-NFE2-related factor 2 (NRF-2)-heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathway in the cardiac protective actions of punicalagin. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were subjected to MI/R operation with or without punicalagin treatment (40 mg kg-1d-1). We showed that punicalagin-treated group exhibited enhanced cardiac function, reduced myocardial infarction and decreased cleaved caspase-3 level. Furthermore, myocardial oxidative/nitrosative stress was ameliorated by punicalagin as evidenced by suppressed superoxide generation, gp91phox and iNOS expressions, NO metabolites as well as myocardial nitrotyrosine level. Additionally, punicalagin decreased myocardial IL-6, TNF-α and the levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and IKK-ß expressions as well as IκB-α phosphorylation and NF-κB nuclear translocation. However, these effects were abolished by EX527 (5 mg kg-1d-1, a selective SIRT1 inhibitor). We further found that punicalagin dose-dependently enhanced SIRT1 nuclear distribution and NRF-2-HO-1 signaling. While EX527 treatment not only reduced SIRT1 activity, but also reversed the activation of NRF-2-HO-1 pathway. Collectively, these results revealed that punicalagin reduced cardiac oxidative/nitrosative stress and inflammatory response induced by MI/R operation through SIRT1-mediated activation of NRF-2-HO-1 signaling.


Assuntos
Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Animais , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Heme Oxigenase-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/química , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirtuína 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Toxicol Lett ; 311: 66-79, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039416

RESUMO

Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209), a flame retardant, interferes with thyroid homeostasis and androgen biosynthesis. BDE-209 evokes hyperglycemia through impaired glucose homeostasis in rat liver. This study is in continuation to our earlier work for a better understanding of whether or not BDE-209 affects testicular and epididymal physiology in relation to oxidative status in peripupertal mice offspring. Lactating female Parkes mice were orally gavaged with 500 and 700 mg/kg body weight of BDE-209 in corn oil from postnatal day (PND) 1 to PND 28. Male pups of lactating dams were sacrificed at PND 42. Maternal BDE-209 exposure during lactation increased apoptosis and oxidative status with altered expressions of various cell survival (Bcl-2), apoptotic (Bax and caspase-3) and oxidative stress (Nrf2 and HO-1) markers in testes and epididymis of peripubertal mice offspring. Testicular glucose and lactate concentrations were markedly reduced in these pups with down-regulation in GLUT3 and GLUT8 expressions and decreased LDH activity. Maternal BDE-209 exposure markedly affected fertility potential, epididymal histology, sialic acid concentration and sperm quality with decreased expression of epididymal Cx43 and AR in these mice offspring. Results thus suggest that maternal BDE-209 exposure during lactation causes reproductive toxicity in peripubertal mice offspring.


Assuntos
Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Infertilidade Masculina/induzido quimicamente , Lactação , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores Etários , Animais , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Epididimo/metabolismo , Epididimo/patologia , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Homeostase , Infertilidade Masculina/metabolismo , Infertilidade Masculina/patologia , Infertilidade Masculina/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Gravidez , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Sexual , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/patologia , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia
18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 180: 396-402, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31108416

RESUMO

Pb2+ pollution and poisoning are serious environmental and pharmacological concerns. The World Health Organization reported that Pb has resulted in 540,000 deaths in 2016 alone. Therefore, effective drugs or supplements that can alleviate or offset Pb2+-induced toxicity are badly needed. Through screening biocompatible natural compounds, we discovered that chicoric acid exhibited potent protective activities against Pb2+-induced toxicity both in BV-2 microglial cells and in zebrafish from the first days of development. Chicoric acid was able to reduce Pb2+-induced increases in levels of reactive oxygen species and tumor necrosis factor alpha, restoring the cell cycle in BV-2 cells. In the zebrafish model, chicoric acid significantly alleviated the Pb2+-induced serious mortality and malformation of zebrafish larvae in a concentration-dependent manner. These protective activities of chicoric acid were mainly from its alleviation of Pb2+-induced dysregulation of oxidative response pathways, including key genes such as Aox1, Gclm, Hmox1, Nqo1, Scd1, and Srxn1, as well as HO-1 protein. Since Pb2+ is difficult to be completely eliminated from the body and chelating agents may cause serious adverse effects, chicoric acid is likely a potential supplement therapy, in addition to current clinical practices.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Chumbo/toxicidade , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Succinatos/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Larva/metabolismo , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade
19.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052354

RESUMO

TW-37 is a small-molecule inhibitor of Bcl-2 family proteins, which can induce anti-cancer activities in various types of cancer. In the current study, we investigated the potential molecular mechanism underlying the differential response to TW-37-induced apoptosis in two human mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) cell lines. The differential response and underlying molecular mechanism of human MEC cells to TW-37 was evaluated by trypan blue exclusion assay, western blotting, 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, annexin V/propidium iodide double staining, analysis of the sub-G1 population, human apoptosis array, and measurements of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). TW-37 decreased cell viability and induced apoptosis in YD-15 cells, but not in MC3 cells. Proteome profiling using a human apoptosis array revealed four candidate proteins and of these, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was mainly related to the differential response to TW-37 of YD-15 and MC3 cells. TW-37 also led to a significant increase in intracellular levels of ROS in YD-15 cells, which is associated with apoptosis induction. The ectopic expression of HO-1 recovered YD-15 cells from TW-37-induced apoptosis by reducing intracellular levels of ROS. The expression of HO-1 was reduced through both transcriptional and post-translational modification during TW-37-mediated apoptosis. We conclude that HO-1 is a potential indicator to estimate response to TW37-induced apoptosis in human MEC.


Assuntos
Benzamidas/farmacologia , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteômica/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 3549274, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049133

RESUMO

Activated microglia-mediated neuroinflammation plays a key pathogenic role in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and ischemia. Sulforaphane is an active compound produced after conversion of glucoraphanin by the myrosinase enzyme in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var) sprouts. Dietary broccoli extract as well as sulforaphane has previously known to mitigate inflammatory conditions in aged models involving microglial activation. Here, we produced sulforaphane-enriched broccoli sprouts through the pretreatment of pulsed electric fields in order to trigger the biological role of normal broccoli against lipopolysaccharide-activated microglia. The sulforaphane-enriched broccoli sprouts showed excellent potency against neuroinflammation conditions, as evidenced by its protective effects in both 6 and 24 h of microglial activation in vitro. We further postulated the underlying mechanism of action of sulforaphane in broccoli sprouts, which was the inhibition of an inflammatory cascade via the downregulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling. Simultaneously, sulforaphane-enriched broccoli sprouts inhibited the LPS-induced activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and the secretions of inflammatory proteins (iNOS, COX-2, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1ß, PGE2, etc.), which are responsible for the inflammatory cascades in both acute and chronic inflammation. It also upregulated the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 in normal and activated microglia followed by the lowered neuronal apoptosis induced by activated microglia. Based on these results, it may exhibit anti-inflammatory effects via the NF-κB and Nrf2 pathways. Interestingly, sulforaphane-enriched broccoli sprouts improved the scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice through Nrf2 activation, inhibiting neuronal apoptosis particularly through inhibition of caspase-3 activation which could lead to the neuroprotection against neurodegenerative disorders. The present study suggests that sulforaphane-enriched broccoli sprouts might be a potential nutraceutical with antineuroinflammatory and neuroprotective activities.


Assuntos
Amnésia , Brassica/química , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Isotiocianatos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Escopolamina/efeitos adversos , Amnésia/induzido quimicamente , Amnésia/tratamento farmacológico , Amnésia/metabolismo , Amnésia/patologia , Animais , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Isotiocianatos/química , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Microglia/metabolismo , Microglia/patologia , Escopolamina/farmacologia
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