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2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 866, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) remains a burdensome health issue in mainland China. Enterovirus71 (EV-A71) is the main pathogen of severe HFMD. Continuous hemofiltration improves fluid overload, restores kidney function and alleviates inflammatory reactions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) on severe HFMD caused by EV-A71(EV-A71-HFMD) in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed in a tertiary university PICU from January 2012 to December 2016. Children with severe EV-A71-HFMD complicated by cardiopulmonary failure were included. The patients were divided into a CVVHDF group and a conventional therapy (control) group (non-CVVHDF). The demographics, characteristics, and outcomes between the groups were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients with severe EV-A71-HFMD were enrolled. The 28-day mortality was 17.6% (3/17) in the CVVHDF group and 33.3% (4/12) in the non-CVVHDF group, with no statistical significance between the two groups (P = 0.403). The median interval between CVVHDF initiation and PICU admission was 6 (4,8.5) hrs, and the median duration of CVVHDF was 48 (36, 64) hrs. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiac index (CI) in the CVVHDF group were improved after treatment. The plasma levels of catecholamines and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) substances in the CVVHDF group were significantly decreased after treatment. The decreased catecholamines and RAAS substances included adrenalin (169.8 [145.5, 244.6] vs. 148.0 [109.0, 208.1] ng/L, P = 0.033), dopamine (152.7 [97.0, 191.1] vs. 96.0 [68.0, 160.9] ng/L, P = 0.026), angiotensin II (185.9 [125.2, 800.0] vs. 106.0 [90.8, 232.5] ng/L, P = 0.047), aldosterone (165.7 [94.0, 353.3] vs. 103.3 [84.3, 144.3] ng/L, P = 0.033), and renin (1.12 [0.74, 3.45] vs. 0.79 [0.52, 1.25] µg/L/h, P = 0.029), CONCLUSIONS: CVVHDF reduced the levels of catecholamines and RAAS substances and improved cardiovascular function. Continuous hemodiafiltration may represent a potential therapy in patients with severe EV-A71-HFMD complicated with cardiopulmonary failure.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Enterovirus Humano A , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/terapia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Aldosterona/sangue , Angiotensina II/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Catecolaminas/sangue , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/sangue , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/complicações , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Renina/sangue , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(8): 39-42, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562715

RESUMO

Objectives: Continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) are the most favoured form of renal replacement therapies (RRT) in patients of decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). The role of CRRT has been limited only to acute kidney injury and HRS in prior studies. We therefore aimed to evaluate the role of two different modes of CRRT- CVVHDF and CAVHDF in patients of hepatic failure and / or hepatorenal syndrome in reducing hyperbilirubinemia, uremia and fluid overload. Methods: 30 critically ill patients of hepatic failure and /or HRS were randomly divided into two groups of 15 cases each. Group A patients received continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), whereas group B patients underwent continuous arterio-venous hemodiafiltration (CAVHDF). The inclusion criteria were hepatic failure and / or hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) with hyperbilirubinemia and fluid overload in hemodynamically unstable patients, who were unfit for conventional hemodialysis. Results: Despite hemodynamic fragility of the subjects, both the procedures were effective in achieving biochemical and clinical improvements. There was a significant fall in blood urea, serum creatinine and serum bilirubin at the end of procedures. After mean 27.32 h of CVVHDF and 27.02 h of CAVHDF, blood urea decreased to 39.54 ± 28.6 mg/dl and 45.11 ± 31.9 mg/dl in respective groups. Serum bilirubin decreased to 7.01 ± 6.4 mg/dl and 3.21 ± 1.99 mg/dl in group A and B. All the patients had gradual and steady improvement in pH and bicarbonate concentration towards normal. Urea clearance was 24.98 ± 1.09 ml/min and 22.72 ± 1.58 ml/min respectively in the two groups, whereas bilirubin clearance was 27.77 ± 1.38 ml/min and 28.74 ± 0.3 ml/min in group A and B respectively. Ultrafiltration rate had mean value of 141.66 ± 22.33 ml/h in group A and 134.26 ± 38.71 ml/h in group B. Both the modes of CRRT were well tolerated without any new episodes of hypotension secondary to the procedures and requirement of inotropes didn't change significantly. Symptomatic relief and improvement in clinical and biochemical parameters were observed in all the cases. There were no significant differences between the results of two groups. Complication rate was less and survival was 30%. Conclusion: Continuous hemodiafiltration is probably the best available modality of CRRT to treat hemodynamically unstable and critically ill patients of hepatic failure and/ or hepatorenal syndrome and it should be advocated more frequently.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Hemodiafiltração , Síndrome Hepatorrenal , Falência Hepática , Humanos , Diálise Renal , Terapia de Substituição Renal
4.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1211-1218, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484857

RESUMO

Extra- and/or intracorporeal renal replacement therapy can improve the cardiorenal hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) refractory to medical therapy and renal failure. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman with inotrope-dependent end-stage HF and chronic renal failure due to anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, in whom the induction of hemodiafiltration and subsequent chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) provided a dramatic improvement of her cardiac hemodynamics from restrictive to almost normal physiology assessed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The patient returned to office work with New York Heart Association functional class I-II symptoms for at least 3 years with continuous ambulatory PD after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Intern Med ; 58(21): 3113-3119, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292390

RESUMO

A 38-year-old woman who consulted a local doctor with chief complaints of sudden palpitations, headaches, and chest pain is herein presented. After admission, pheochromocytoma crisis was suspected. Since the patient had a history of acute heart failure and had once survived an episode of cardiac arrest, a rapid decrease in the catecholamine levels was needed. After resuscitation, pharmacological therapy with agents such as phentolamine and landiolol was administered, and continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) was performed to reduce the catecholamine levels. Elective surgery was then performed, and a positive outcome was achieved. This case suggests that the preoperative use of CHDF to control pheochromocytoma crisis may therefore be effective.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Feocromocitoma/terapia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/sangue , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Adulto , Catecolaminas/sangue , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Feocromocitoma/sangue , Feocromocitoma/complicações , Feocromocitoma/diagnóstico , Radiografia Torácica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0220448, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348802

RESUMO

The medium cut-off (MCO) dialyzer has shown good clearance of large middle molecules, but its long-term effects are unclear. We investigated whether MCO hemodialysis (HD) over one year could reduce middle molecule levels and cell-free hemoglobin (CFH), without albumin loss. A prospective cohort study in 57 hemodialysis patients was conducted. The patients were assigned to the MCO dialyzer group or the high-flux dialyzer group, according to the HD machine they used. The reduction ratio (RR) and one-year changes in small and middle molecules and CFH were analyzed. Over a 12-month follow-up, MCO HD did not reduce the serum levels of middle molecules (lambda free light chain [FLC], from 135.7 ± 39.9 to 132.0 ± 39.1 mg/L; kappa FLC, from 168.2 ± 58.5 to 167.7 ± 65.8 mg/L; ß2-microglobulin, from 25.6 ± 9.6 to 28.4 ± 4.8 mg/L) or albumin (from 3.96 ± 0.31 to 3.94 ± 0.37 g/dL). MCO HD provided excellent RR of lambda FLC (49.3 ± 10.3%), kappa FLC (69.6 ± 10.4%) and ß2-microglobulin (80.9 ± 7.3%), compared to high-flux HD. CFH was also removed well during an MCO HD session (RR of CPH, 85.5 [78.7-97.3] %), but long-term change was not significant (from 57.8 [46.2-79.1] to 62.0 [54.6-116.7] mg/L). The MCO dialyzer can be used effectively and safely in conventional HD settings, but long-term effects on large middle molecules and CFH were not significant. Further studies are needed to verify clinical benefits of the MCO dialyzer.


Assuntos
Albuminas/análise , Hemodiafiltração/instrumentação , Hemoglobinas/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Membranas Artificiais , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(4): 409-415, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In critical patients with acute renal failure, intermittent diffusive renal replacement techniques cause hemodynamic problems due to their high depurative efficiency. This situation is avoided using continuous low efficiency therapies, which are expensive, prevent patient mobilization and add hemorrhagic risk due to systemic anticoagulation. Intermittent and prolonged hemodiafiltration (HDF) has the depurative benefits of diffusion, plus the positive attributes of convection in a less expensive therapy. AIM: To report our experience with intermittent and prolonged on-line HDF in critically ill patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 2016, HDF therapies performed on critical patients with indication of renal replacement therapy were characterized. The hemodynamic profile was evaluated (doses of noradrenaline, blood pressure, heart rate and perfusion parameters). RESULTS: Fifty-one therapies were performed in 25 critical patients, aged 58 ± 11 years (28% women), with an APACHE II score of 22.1 ±10. The average time of the therapies was 4.15 hours (range 3-8 hours), the replacement volume was 75 ± 18 mL/kg/h and ultrafiltration rate was 226 ± 207 mL/h. The mean initial, maximum and final noradrenaline doses were 0.07 ± 0.1, 0.13 ±0.18 and 0.09 ±0.16 µg/kg/min respectively. No differences between patients with low, medium and high doses of noradrenaline or dose increases during therapy, were observed. The greatest decrease in mean arterial pressure was 15.3% and the maximum increase in heart rate was 12.8%. Anticoagulation was not required in 88% of therapies. CONCLUSIONS: High-volume intermittent or prolonged HDF is an effective therapy in critical patients, with good hemodynamic tolerability, lower costs and avoidance of systemic anticoagulation risks.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Terapia de Substituição Renal/métodos , APACHE , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Norepinefrina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Intern Med ; 58(19): 2831-2834, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243196

RESUMO

We herein report the case of a 62-year-old man diagnosed with Legionella pneumonia while engaged in recovery work in a flooded area after the Heavy Rain Event of July 2018 in Japan. The patient was intubated and maintained on mechanical ventilation and continuous hemodiafiltration. He was also administered antimicrobial therapy with ciprofloxacin and azithromycin. After 53 days in the hospital, he was discharged. It is important to recognize the risk of Legionella infection and to take measures to prevent it during recovery work that involves exposure to water and soil after a flood disaster.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Doença dos Legionários/etiologia , Desastres Naturais , Chuva , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Legionella pneumophila/isolamento & purificação , Doença dos Legionários/diagnóstico , Doença dos Legionários/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
G Ital Nefrol ; 36(3)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250997

RESUMO

In bicarbonate-dialysis the dialysate is acid, thus allowing salts to remain in their soluble form, as a result of the chemical reaction of bicarbonate with any acid that yields carbon dioxide (CO2). The residual anion, commonly acetate or more rarely citrate, reaches the patients' bloodstream. CO2 also spreads to the patients and ventilation needs therefore to be increased to avoid hypercapnia. In addition, during on-line haemodiafiltration in post-dilution mode, the dialysate - in the form of infusate - carries CO2 (and acetate) to the patient, bypassing the filtering membrane. On the contrary, in Acetate-Free Biofiltration (AFB) the dialysate is free of acid and, uniquely, is also a CO2-free bath. Despite the infusion of bicarbonate in post-dilution mode, the blood coming back from the extracorporeal circuit does not carry any burden of CO2. As a result, AFB is the recommended renal replacement therapy for patients affected by lung disease and those with CO2 retention (respiratory acidosis). Patients with some degree of ventilatory dysfunction may in fact experience acute hypercapnia (acidosis by dialysate) at the beginning of the treatment if bicarbonate-dialysis or on-line HDF is performed (and regardless of whether acetate-containing or citrate-containing bath is employed). Acidosis by dialysate is characterized by respiratory symptoms first and by haemodynamic instability later, which make it look very similar to acetate intolerance. To discriminate between these two conditions, blood gas analysis is mandatory. The presence of hypercapnia can be revealed by using the Very Simple Formula (expected pCO2 = bicarbonate + 15), thus identifying those patients that may take the most advantage of AFB.


Assuntos
Hemodiafiltração , Hipercapnia/terapia , Dióxido de Carbono , Humanos , Diálise Renal
12.
Nutr Hosp ; 36(3): 633-639, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192685

RESUMO

Introduction: Objective: to analyze the association between phase angle (PA) and mid arm circumference (MAC) with protein energy wasting (PEW) in renal replacement therapy (RRT) patients. Methods: cross-sectional study. Hemodiafiltration (HDF) and automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients were enrolled in the study. MAC and body composition were measured using impedance bioelectric (BIA); PA, fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM) and ECW/TBW were obtained. Biochemical (serum albumin and cholesterol) and dietary data (energy and protein intake) were collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were classified with PEW according to ISRNM criteria (low BMI, low albumin or cholesterol concentrations, low muscle mass and overhydration). Cut-off point of PA and MAC was obtained by ROC analysis. Logistic regression analysis was applied to evaluate the ability of both indicators to predict PEW. Results: sixty-nine patients were included in the study. Fifty-two (52%) were female. Thirty-nine (39%) patients had PEW. The ROC curve reveals that the optimal PA cut-off value for malnutrition risk was 4.64° with 77.8% sensitivity and 76.2% specificity. For MAC, a cut-off value of 29.6 cm shows a sensitivity of 66.6% and specificity of 69.0%. Both indicators showed significant association to PEW after multivariate adjustment. Conclusion: PEW is present almost in 39% of the RRT patients. PA and MAC are useful, simple and independents indicators for predicting PEW in Chronic Kidney disease patients on RRT.


Assuntos
Braço/anatomia & histologia , Metabolismo Energético , Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/etiologia , Terapia de Substituição Renal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Diálise Peritoneal , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(6): e195418, 2019 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173127

RESUMO

Importance: Net ultrafiltration (NUF) is frequently used to treat fluid overload among critically ill patients, but whether the rate of NUF affects outcomes is unclear. Objective: To examine the association of NUF with survival among critically ill patients with acute kidney injury being treated with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs Augmented Level (RENAL) of Renal Replacement Therapy trial was conducted between December 30, 2005, and November 28, 2008, at 35 intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand among critically ill adults with acute kidney injury who were being treated with continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration. This secondary analysis began in May 2018 and concluded in January 2019. Exposures: Net ultrafiltration rate, defined as the volume of fluid removed per hour adjusted for patient body weight. Main Outcomes and Measures: Risk-adjusted 90-day survival. Results: Of 1434 patients, the median (interquartile range) age was 67.3 (56.9-76.3) years; 924 participants (64.4%) were male; median (interquartile range) Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation III score was 100 (84-118); and 634 patients (44.2%) died. Using tertiles, 3 groups were defined: high, NUF rate greater than 1.75 mL/kg/h; middle, NUF rate from 1.01 to 1.75 mL/kg/h; and low, NUF rate less than 1.01 mL/kg/h. The high-tertile group compared with the low-tertile group was not associated with death from day 0 to 6. However, death occurred in 51 patients (14.7%) in the high-tertile group vs 30 patients (8.6%) in the low-tertile group from day 7 to 12 (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.51; 95% CI, 1.13-2.02); 45 patients (15.3%) in the high-tertile group vs 25 patients (7.9%) in the low-tertile group from day 13 to 26 (aHR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.11-2.07); and 48 patients (19.2%) in the high-tertile group vs 29 patients (9.9%) in the low-tertile group from day 27 to 90 (aHR, 1.66; 95% CI, 1.16-2.39). Every 0.5-mL/kg/h increase in NUF rate was associated with increased mortality (3-6 days: aHR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.00-1.11; 7-12 days: aHR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.02-1.15; 13-26 days: aHR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.04-1.18; 27-90 days: aHR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.05-1.22). Using longitudinal analyses, increase in NUF rate was associated with lower survival (ß = .056; P < .001). Hypophosphatemia was more frequent among patients in the high-tertile group compared with patients in the middle-tertile group and patients in the low-tertile group (high: 308 of 477 patients at risk [64.6%]; middle: 293 of 472 patients at risk [62.1%]; low: 247 of 466 patients at risk [53.0%]; P < .001). Cardiac arrhythmias requiring treatment occurred among all groups: high, 176 patients (36.8%); middle: 175 patients (36.5%); and low: 147 patients (30.8%) (P = .08). Conclusions and Relevance: Among critically ill patients, NUF rates greater than 1.75 mL/kg/h compared with NUF rates less than 1.01 mL/kg/h were associated with lower survival. Residual confounding may be present from unmeasured risk factors, and randomized clinical trials are required to confirm these findings. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00221013.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , /estatística & dados numéricos , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração/mortalidade , Hemodiafiltração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(3): 633-639, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184562

RESUMO

Objective: to analyze the association between phase angle (PA) and mid arm circumference (MAC) with protein energy wasting (PEW) in renal replacement therapy (RRT) patients. Methods: cross-sectional study. Hemodiafiltration (HDF) and automated peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients were enrolled in the study. MAC and body composition were measured using impedance bioelectric (BIA); PA, fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM) and ECW/TBW were obtained. Biochemical (serum albumin and cholesterol) and dietary data (energy and protein intake) were collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were classified with PEW according to ISRNM criteria (low BMI, low albumin or cholesterol concentrations, low muscle mass and overhydration). Cut-off point of PA and MAC was obtained by ROC analysis. Logistic regression analysis was applied to evaluate the ability of both indicators to predict PEW. Results: sixty-nine patients were included in the study. Fifty-two (52%) were female. Thirty-nine (39%) patients had PEW. The ROC curve reveals that the optimal PA cut-off value for malnutrition risk was 4.64° with 77.8% sensitivity and 76.2% specificity. For MAC, a cut-off value of 29.6 cm shows a sensitivity of 66.6% and specificity of 69.0%. Both indicators showed significant association to PEW after multivariate adjustment. Conclusion: PEW is present almost in 39% of the RRT patients. PA and MAC are useful, simple and independents indicators for predicting PEW in Chronic Kidney disease patients on RRT


Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre el ángulo de fase (AF) y la circunferencia media del brazo (CMB) con la presencia de desgaste proteico energético (DPE) en pacientes en terapia de remplazo renal (TRR). Métodos: estudio transversal. Fueron incluidos pacientes en hemodiafiltración y en diálisis peritoneal automatizada. Se tomaron mediciones de CMB y de composición corporal utilizando bioimpedancia eléctrica (AF, masa libre de grasa, masa grasa y agua extracelular/agua corporal total). Se obtuvieron mediciones de albúmina y colesterol y se cuantificó el consumo dietético de energía y proteína. Se calculó el IMC. Se diagnosticó el DPE utilizando los criterios de ISRNM (bajo IMC, baja albúmina o colesterol, baja musculatura y sobrehidratación). Se evaluó la habilidad del AF y CMB para predecir DPE a través de una regresión logística. Se obtuvieron puntos de corte para ambos indicadores utilizando una prueba ROC. Se evaluó la habilidad del AF y CMB para predecir DPE a través de una regresión logística. Resultados: se incluyeron 69 pacientes en el estudio, el 52% de sexo femenino, y el 39% cumplieron criterios para DPE. El AF y el CMB predicen de forma adecuada el DPE según el análisis multivariado. Los puntos de corte obtenidos por la prueba ROC son < 4,64° para AF, con una sensibilidad del 77,8% y una especificidad del 76,2%, y < 29,6 cm para la CMB, con una sensibilidad del 66,6% y una especificidad del 69%. Conclusión: el DPE está presente en el 39% de pacientes en TRR. El AF y CMB son indicadores independientes, útiles y simples para predecir DPE en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en TRR


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/dietoterapia , Desnutrição Proteico-Calórica/diagnóstico , Circunferência Braquial/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Transversais , Curva ROC , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/dietoterapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Composição Corporal
15.
Artif Organs ; 43(10): 1014-1021, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038748

RESUMO

Most high-flux dialyzers can be used in both hemodialysis (HD) and online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF). However, some of these dialyzers have higher permeability and should not be prescribed for OL-HDF to avoid high albumin losses. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of a currently used dialyzer in HD and OL-HDF with those of several other high permeability dialyzers which should only be used in HD. A prospective, single-center study was carried out in 21 patients. Each patient underwent 5 dialysis sessions with routine dialysis parameters: 2 sessions with Helixone (HD and postdilution OL-HDF) and 1 session each with steam sterilized polyphenylene, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and medium cut-off (MCO) dialyzers in HD treatment. The removal ratios (RR) of urea, creatinine, ß2 -microglobulin, myoglobin, prolactin, α1 -microglobulin, α1 -acid glycoprotein, and albumin were compared intraindividually. A proportional part of the dialysate was collected to quantify the loss of various solutes, including albumin. Urea and creatinine RRs with the Helixone-HDF and MCO dialyzers were higher than with the other 3 dialyzers in HD. The ß2 -microglobulin, myoglobin and prolactin RRs with Helixone-HDF treatment were significantly higher than those obtained with all 4 dialyzers in HD treatment. The ß2 -microglobulin value obtained with the MCO dialyzer was also higher than that obtained with the other 3 dialyzers in HD treatment. The myoglobin RR with MCO was higher than those obtained with Helixone and PMMA in HD treatment. The prolactin RR with Helixone-HD was significantly lower than those obtained in the other 4 study sessions. The α1 -microglobulin and α1 - acid glycoprotein RRs with Helixone-HDF were significantly higher than those obtained with Helixone and PMMA in HD treatment. The albumin loss varied from 0.54 g with Helixone-HD to 3.3 g with polyphenylene. The global removal score values ((UreaRR + ß2 -microglobulinRR + myoglobinRR + prolactinRR + α1 -microglobulinRR + α1 -acid glycoproteinRR - albuminRR )/6) were 43.7% with Helixone-HD, 47.7% with PMMA, 54% with polyphenylene, 54.8% with MCO and 59.6% with Helixone-HDF, with significant differences. In conclusion, this study confirms the superiority of OL-HDF over HD with the high-flux dialyzers that allow both treatments. Although new dialyzers with high permeability can only be used in HD, they are in an intermediate position and some are very close to OL-HDF.


Assuntos
Hemodiafiltração/instrumentação , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Idoso , alfa-Globulinas/isolamento & purificação , Soluções para Diálise/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mioglobina/isolamento & purificação , Permeabilidade , Prolactina/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/instrumentação , Albumina Sérica/isolamento & purificação , Ureia/isolamento & purificação , Microglobulina beta-2/isolamento & purificação
16.
Blood Purif ; 48(2): 150-157, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31067532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), mainly continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), and evaluate vasoactive requirements in hyperammonemic neonates and infants. METHODS: Patients who underwent CRRT for hyperammonemia were retrospectively analyzed. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patients in 7 of the encounters were treated solely by CVVHDF. During 3 encounters, patients who received continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) were transitioned to CVVHDF. CVVHD was used in 3 encounters. The median 50% reduction time for ammonia was 8 h (range 3-15 h). The median duration of CRRT treatment was 40 h (range 24-89 h). Survival to hospital discharge occurred in 12 encounters (92.3%). Eleven encounters (84.6%) were treated with different vasoactive agents. In those encounters, the median vasoactive medications' start time was the 6th hours (range 2-60 h) of CRRT. There was no association between the vasoactive index score and pre-dialysis ammonia concentration. CONCLUSIONS: CRRT achieves timely control of hypeammonemic states. Hemodynamic instability necessitating intervention with vasoactive medications is a common finding in patients with hyperammonemia.


Assuntos
/métodos , Hiperamonemia/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Humanos , Hiperamonemia/sangue , Hiperamonemia/tratamento farmacológico , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico
17.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216801, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vancomycin is frequently used in hemodialysis (HD) and in hemodiafiltration (HDF) patients and is usually administered in the last 30 or 60 minutes of a dialysis session. Vancomycin pharmacokinetics are not well described in HDF patients. The aim of this study is to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model and dosing regimen for vancomycin in HDF patients and to evaluate its applicability in low-flux (LF-HD) patients. METHODS: Two-compartment PPK models were developed using data from HDF patients (n = 17), and was parameterized as follows: non-renal clearance (CLm), renal clearance as a fraction of creatinine clearance (fr), central volume of distribution (V1), intercompartmental clearance (CL12), peripheral volume of distribution (V2) and extracorporeal extraction ratio (Eec). We evaluated the final model in a cohort of LF-HD patients (n = 21). Dosing schemes were developed for a vancomycin 24-h AUC of 400 mg*h/L. RESULTS: Model parameters (± SD) were: CLm = 0.473 (0.271) L/h, fr = 0.1 (fixed value), V1 = 0.278 (0.092) L/kgLBMc, CL12 = 9.96 L/h (fixed value), V2 = 0.686 (0.335) L/kgLBMc and Eec = 0.212 (0.069). The model reliably predicted serum levels of vancomycin in both HDF and LF-HD patients during and between dialysis sessions. The median of the prediction error (MDPE) as a measure of bias is -0.7% (95% CI: -3.4%-1.7%) and the median of the absolute values of the prediction errors (MDAPE) as a measure of precision is 7.9% (95% CI: 6.0%-9.8%). In both HDF and LF-HD, the optimal vancomycin loading dose for a typical patient weighing 70 kg is 1700 mg when administered during the last 60 minutes of the hemodialysis session. Maintenance dose is 700 mg if administered during the last 30 or 60 minutes of the hemodialysis session. CONCLUSION: The developed PPK model for HDF is also capable of predicting serum levels of vancomycin in patients on LF-HD. A dosing regimen was developed for the use of vancomycin in HDF and LF-HD.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/sangue , Hemodiafiltração , Vancomicina/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vancomicina/administração & dosagem , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico
18.
Blood Purif ; 48(3): 283-285, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055565

RESUMO

Hyperammonaemia is a severe condition and often requires a multimodal treatment regimen. Dialysis has been described as a potential treatment option, but currently it is not the standard of care. In this report, we describe a case of a 40-year-old postpartum woman who developed severe hyperammonaemia due to liver failure and acute kidney injury (AKI) combined with a large intra-abdominal haematoma producing nitrogen waste products. She was treated successfully with continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration using an ultra-high effluent rate (100 mL/kg/h) and was discharged alive 32 days after the initial admission. Our report indicates that successful ammonia clearance in the setting of AKI can be obtained only by using this high effluent rate. This treatment modality should be considered in all patients with AKI and severe hyperammonaemia when other treatment modalities fail to lower ammonia levels within hours to prevent irreversible but preventable neurological damage.


Assuntos
Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hiperamonemia/terapia , Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperamonemia/etiologia , Falência Hepática/complicações , Falência Hepática/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Blood Purif ; 48(1): 86-96, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: NxStage System One cycler (NSO) is a widespread system for home daily dialysis. Few data are available on the impact of this "low dialysate volumes system" on the removal rate of poorly diffusible, time-dependent solutes like ß2-microglobulin (ß2M). METHODS: Single-session and weekly balances of ß2M were performed and compared in 12 patients on daily NSO, 13 patients on standard high-flux bicarbonate dialysis (BHD), 5 patients on standard post-dilution on line hemodiafiltration (HDF), and 13 patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD). RESULTS: Intradialytic fall of plasma water ß2M levels (corrected for rebound) was 65.2 ± 2.6% in HDF, 49.8 ± 9.1% in BHD, and 32.3 ± 6.4% in NSO (p < 0.001 between all groups). Single treatment dialysate removal was much less in APD (19.4 ± 20.4 mg, p < 0.001) than in any extracorporeal technologies, and was less in NSO (126.2 ± 35.6 mg, p < 0.001) than in BHD (204.9 ± 53.4 mg) and HDF (181.9 ± 37.6 mg), with no differences between the latter 2; however weekly removal was higher in NSO (757.3 ± 213.7 mg, p < 0.04) than in BHD (614.8 ± 160.3 mg) and HDF (545.8 ± 112.8 mg). Extrapolated ß2M adsorption to the membrane was negligible in BHD, 14.7 ± 9.5% of total removal in HDF and 18.3 ± 18.5% in NSO. Integration of single session data into a weekly efficiency indicator (K × t) showed total volume of plasma cleared in NSO (33.4 ± 7.7 L/week) to be higher than in BHD (26.9 ± 7.2 L/week, p < 0.01) and not different than in HDF (36.2 ± 4.7 L/week); it was negligible (3.2 ± 1.0) in APD. CONCLUSIONS: Weekly ß2M removal efficiency proved equal and highest in HDF and NSO (at a 6/week prescription), slightly lesser in BHD and lowest in APD.


Assuntos
Hemodiafiltração , Diálise Renal , Microglobulina beta-2/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Automação , Bicarbonatos , Soluções para Diálise , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Renal/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 33(4): e22849, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of p38MAPK signaling pathway in patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome treated with continuous blood purification. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained to analyze the protein level of inflammatory factors (IL-1, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α) and phosphorylated p38MAPK by utilizing ELISA assay and Western blotting, respectively. The relative mRNA level of iNOS was detected by using RT-PCR. In vitro study was conducted in Caco-2 cells, which were treated with serum from patients subjected to continuous blood purification. Serum-induced inflammatory factors and phosphorylated p38MAPK were also analyzed in Caco-2 cells. RESULTS: The protein levels of IL-1, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α were significantly decreased in Caco-2 cells treated with serum obtained from patients who were subjected to continuous blood purification therapy at the time course of 12 and 24 hours. A drastic decrease (P < 0.05) was observed in the level of IL-8 and TNF-α after continuous blood purification therapy in the patients treated with continuous blood purification therapy compared with control group. CONCLUSION: Our study conducted in vivo and in vitro demonstrated that the continuous blood purification therapy could ameliorate the inflammatory response via activating the p38MAPK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/sangue , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/terapia , Adulto , Células CACO-2 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemodiafiltração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo
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