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1.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 127: 35-41, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407060

RESUMO

Given the poor outcome of subarachnoid hemorrhage due to rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) and high prevalence of IAs in general public, elucidation of mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of the disease and development of effective treatment are mandatory for social health. Recent experimental findings have revealed the crucial contribution of macrophage-mediated chronic inflammation to and greatly promoted our understanding of the pathogenesis. Also a series of studies have proposed the potential of anti-inflammatory drugs as therapeutic ones. In this process, a rodent model of IAs plays an indispensable role. Basic concept of IA induction in such kind of models is that IA formation is triggered by hemodynamic stress loaded on damaged arterial walls. To be more precise, although detailed procedures are different among researchers, animals are subjected to a ligation of a unilateral carotid artery and systemic hypertension achieved by a salt overloading, and IAs are induced at the contralateral bifurcation site. Importantly, trigger of IA formation in the model mimics human one, and IA lesions induced share similarity in histology with human ones such as degenerative changes of media. For further elucidating the pathogenesis, we need to well understand variations, usefulness, and also limits of this model.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Animais , Humanos , Inflamação , Macrófagos , Ratos
2.
3.
Vestn Oftalmol ; 135(4): 70-77, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573559

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the effect of latanoprost and fixed combination of dorzolamide/timolol on ocular hemodynamics in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study examined 34 patients (56 eyes) aged 51 to 69 years (average - 62.4±9.7 years) diagnosed with POAG in the initial (31 eyes) or advanced stage (25 eyes). Patients of the first group (20 patients, 36 eyes) were receiving latanoprost (Glauprost, Rompharm Company, Romania). The second group (14 patients, 20 eyes) was assigned to receive a fixed combination of dorzolamide/timolol (Dorzopt plus, Rompharm Company, Romania). Patient examination before and at 6 and 12 months included tonometry (ICare PRO), perimetry (Heidelberg Edge Perimeter), HRT and OCT of the optic nerve (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 and Spectralis OCT2), as well as measurement of the density of surface (SVL) and deep (DVL) vascular plexus, and the Bruch's membrane opening minimum rim width (BMO-MRW). Additionally, we evaluated microcirculation in the choroid (MC) according to our original technique that uses Spectralis OCT2, and calculated rheographic index (RI) and stroke volume using transpalpebral rheoophthalmography. RESULTS: The decrease in IOP in the Latanoprost group was on average 27% and in the control group receiving timolol and dorzolamide - on average 22% and remained stable until the end of the study. The value of the area and volume of the disc rim band, BMO-MRW did not exhibit statistically significant changes in both groups by the 12th month of observation. A tendency to increase the RI from 51.5±24.5 to 62.2±19 (p=0.084) and the median of the index of microcirculation of the choroid (MC) from 16476 up to 23767 (p=0.062) in 1st group was observed. CONCLUSION: The study confirms the feasibility of using latanoprost and a fixed combination of dorzolamide and timolol in ocular hypotensive therapy of glaucoma thanks to their pronounced hypotensive effect. Patients were noted to have a tendency for improvement of ocular hemodynamics when using latanoprost.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Idoso , Anti-Hipertensivos , Inibidores da Anidrase Carbônica/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/tratamento farmacológico , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prostaglandinas Sintéticas/uso terapêutico
4.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(10): 729-733, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582685

RESUMO

The Intra Aortic Balloon Pumping( IABP) is a circulatory assist device widely used in cardiovascular surgery area. The IABP increases coronary perfusion and (may increase?)intracranial blood flow through diastolic augmentation mechanism and it reduces afterload and myocardial oxygen consumption through systolic unloading mechanism. Safer insertion of the IABP is able to be accomplished with the assistance of radioscopy or a transesophageal echocardiography(TEE). Based on the experience in our institution, we describe the IABP insertion technique with a TEE guide.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica , Balão Intra-Aórtico , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana
5.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(10): 777-780, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582695

RESUMO

It is well known that proximal part of a sequential bypass grafting often demonstrates better patency than distal part does due to more favorable hemodynamics of side-to-side anastomosis. Therefore, we adopt side-to-side anastomosis( parallel fashion) even for most distal part of bypass grafting. In addition to superiority in hemodynamics, side-to-side anastomosis (parallel fashion) provides a couple of advantages such as ① easiness in creating a very long opening of the anastomosis, ② compatibility in size (diameter) mismatch between graft conduit and coronary artery, and ③ excellent hemostasis from the suture line. This article describes technical details and tips of side-to-side anastomosis in both parallel fashion and diamond( cross direction) fashion.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Vasos Coronários , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Hemodinâmica , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17387, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Double-lumen bronchial tubes (DLBT) and bronchial blockers (BB) are commonly used in the anesthesia for clinical thoracic surgery. But there are few systematic clinical comparisons between them. In this study, the effects of BB and DLBT on one-lung ventilation (OLV) are studied. METHODS: The 200 patients with thoracic tuberculosis undergoing thoracic surgery, were randomly assigned to group A (DLBT) and group B (BB). Intubation time, hemodynamic changes (mean arterial pressure [MAP], heart rate [HR]), and arterial blood gas indicators (arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide [PaCO2], arterial partial pressure of oxygen [PaO2], airway plateau pressure [Pplat], and airway peak pressure [Ppeak]) at 4 time points were recorded. Complications such as hoarseness, pulmonary infection, pharyngalgia, and surgical success rate were also evaluated postoperatively. RESULTS: Intubation times were shorter in group B. Both MAP and HR in group A were significantly higher 1 minute after intubation than before, but also higher than those in group B. PaO2 levels were lower in both groups during (OLV) than immediately after anesthesia and after two-lung ventilation (TLV), with PaO2 being lower after 60 minutes of OLV than after 20 minutes of OLV. Furthermore, at both points during OLV, PaO2 was lower in group A than in group B. No significant differences in PaCO2 were found between the 2 groups. Ppeak and Pplat were increased in both groups during OLV, with both being higher in group A than in group B. The incidence of postoperative hoarseness, pulmonary infection, and pharyngalgia were lower in group B. There was no significant difference in the success rate of operation between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compare with using DLBT, implementation of BB in general anesthesia has less impact on hemodynamics, PaO2 and airway pressures, and achieves lower incidence of postoperative complication.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/métodos , Broncoconstritores/administração & dosagem , Ventilação Monopulmonar/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Parcial
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17238, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577715

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis due to its higher patency and lower infection rate. However, its suboptimal maturation rate is a major weakness. Although substantial risk factors for AVF maturation failure have been disclosed, modifiable risk factors remain unknown. During the AVF maturation process, an elevated luminal pressure is required for outward remodeling; however, excessively high luminal pressure may also be detrimental to AVF maturation, which remains to be defined. We hypothesized that higher AVF luminal pressure is harmful to its maturation, and investigate its potential as a modifiable factor to improve AVF maturation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective study includes patients undergoing surgical creation for a native AVF. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age <20 years, inability to sign an informed consent, and failure to create a native AVF due to technical difficulties. Demographic and laboratory profiles will be collected before AVF surgery. Vascular sonography will be performed within 1 week of AVF creation to measure the diameters, flow rates, and flow volumes of AVF and its branched veins. The pressure gradient within AVF will be estimated from the blood flow rates using the modified Bernoulli equation. The primary outcome is spontaneous AVF maturation defined as provision of sufficient blood flow for hemodialysis within 2 months of its creation without any interventional procedures. The secondary outcome is assisted AVF maturation, which is defined as AVF maturation within 2 months from its creation aided by any interventional procedure before the successful use of AVF. DISCUSSION: While contemporary theory for AVF maturation failure focuses on disturbed wall shear stress, complicate assumptions and measurement preclude its clinical applicability. AVF luminal pressure, which may be manipulated pharmaceutically and surgically, may be a target to improve the outcome of AVF maturation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study has been registered at the protocol registration and results system. The Protocol ID: NCT04017806.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/métodos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/fisiologia , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17369, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577738

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the correlation between the efficiency coefficient of right ventricular-pulmonary artery coupling (ηvv) and the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).A total of 64 patients who underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) were enrolled and divided into PAH and control groups depending on the RHC results. Pressure and volumetric methods were adopted to analyze the results of RHC and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging examination. The ηvv of patients in 2 groups were calculated, and the relationship between ηvv calculated by the 2 methods and the 2-year prognosis of patients with PAH was evaluated.The hemodynamic index and right ventricular-pulmonary artery coupling parameter of patients with PAH were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < .05). The right ventricular volume parameter in the PAH group was significantly different from that in the control group (P < .05). For patients with PAH, the end-systolic elastance/effective arterial elastance (Ees/Ea) calculated by the volumetric method was significantly related to the prognosis of patients (odds ratio = 0.192, 95% confidence interval: 0.042-0.868, P = .032). When Ees/Ea <0.67 was calculated by the volumetric method, the adverse prognosis of patients with PAH increased significantly (P < .05).The Ees/Ea calculated by the volumetric method may be better an independent factor for the prognosis of patients with PAH.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Prognóstico , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Adulto Jovem
9.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(10): 649-652, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumatic sleeves (PS) are often used during laparoscopic surgery and for prevention of deep vein thrombosis in patients who cannot receive anticoagulation treatment. There is very little information on the hemodynamic changes induced by PS and their effect on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with severely reduced left ventricular ejection function (LVEF). OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and hemodynamic changes induced by PS and their effects on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: This study comprised 14 patients classified as New York Heart Association (NYHA) II-III with severely reduced LVEF (< 40%). We activated the PS using two inflation pressures (50 or 80 mmHg, 7 patients in each group) at two cycles per minute for one hour. We measured echocardiography, hemodynamic parameters, and BNP levels in each patient prior to, during, and after the PS operation. RESULTS: The baseline LVEF did not change throughout the activation of PS (31 ± 10% vs. 33 ± 9%, P = 0.673). Following PS activation there was no significant difference in systolic or diastolic blood pressure, the pulse measurements, or central venous pressure. BNP levels did not change after PS activation (P = 0.074). CONCLUSIONS: The use of PS, with either low or high inflation pressures, is safe and has no detrimental effects on hemodynamic parameters or BNP levels in patients with severely reduced LVEF following clinical stabilization and optimal medical therapy.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Dispositivos de Compressão Pneumática Intermitente/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623033

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the hemodynamic changes of internal jugular vein(IJV) in patients with pulsatile tinnitus(PT) detected by color doppler sonography(CDS). To explore the correlation of PT with IJV drainage dominance and the value of CDS in the diagnosis of PT. Method:Two hundred and twenty-one patients with PT were examined with the CDS and IJV compression test. The hemodynamic data of the upper, middle and lower IJV were compared with both PT side and unaffected side. The correlation of the PT with the IJV drainage dominance was analyzed. Result:A total of 125 cases(56.6%) of 221 patients with PT underwent ultrasonic IJV compression test with positive results, 96 cases(43.3%) with negative results. In the positive compression test group, the tinnitus disappeared after IJV being completely compressed in 109 cases(87.2%), and in 16 cases(12.8%) after IJV being partial closure. The extent of sectional area reduction was: upper jugular vein(75.41 ±9.39)%, middle jugular vein(80.25±13.16)%, lower jugular vein(86.58± 7.53)%. The blood flow volume on the tinnitus side was obviously higher than that on the unaffected side(P=0.001). In the negative compression test group, there was no significant difference in blood flow volume between tinnitus side and unaffected side. In the IJV positive compression test group, 54 cases(43.2%) were IJV drainage dominance combined, and 71 cases(56.8%) were non-dominant combined. In the IJV negative compression test group, 24 cases(25%) were IJV drainage dominance combined, and 72 cases(75%) were non-dominant combined. Conclusion:The positive result of IJV compression test using CDS and the flow volume of IJV on the affected side significantly higher than that on the unaffected side contributed to the diagnosis of venous PT. In this study, the IJV non-dominant side was more common in the venous PT.


Assuntos
Veias Jugulares , Zumbido , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pressão , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
12.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 425-428, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559798

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Physical effort plays a positive role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the cardiovascular status in postmenopausal women after several years of regular amateur training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 55 generally healthy females aged 50-70 years, of whom 38 were members of a senior exercise group and 17 comprised a control group, were enrolled in the study. Parameters of blood flow, vascular resistance, myocardial contractility and thoracic fluid content were measured in a 10-minute supine resting test by impedance cardiography. Thereafter, central blood pressure, augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were measured by applanation tonometry. RESULTS: Exercising women have a better outcome than the control group, when evaluated both with impedance cardiography and with applanation tonometry. They have a lower heart rate - HR (65.1 vs 71.5; p = 0.033), higher blood flow (stroke index - SI, 58.6 vs 50.3; p = 0.040), better myocardial contractility (acceleration index - ACI, 108.8 vs 88.1; p = 0.027), higher preload (thoracic fluid content index - TFCI, 20.5 vs 18.1; p = 0.002), lower afterload (systemic vascular resistance index - SVRI, 1972.9 vs 2110.5; p = 0.026), lower central systolic blood pressure - cBPsys (119.0 vs 129.5; p = 0.037), lower augmentation pressure - AP (10.3 vs 15.0; p = 0.044) and lower pulse wave velocity - PWV (7.4 vs 8.4; p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Regular moderate continuous aerobic exercise training has a beneficial impact on the cardiovascular system in postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Exercício , Pós-Menopausa/fisiologia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Cardiografia de Impedância , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1211-1218, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484857

RESUMO

Extra- and/or intracorporeal renal replacement therapy can improve the cardiorenal hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) refractory to medical therapy and renal failure. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman with inotrope-dependent end-stage HF and chronic renal failure due to anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, in whom the induction of hemodiafiltration and subsequent chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) provided a dramatic improvement of her cardiac hemodynamics from restrictive to almost normal physiology assessed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The patient returned to office work with New York Heart Association functional class I-II symptoms for at least 3 years with continuous ambulatory PD after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1137-1141, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484878

RESUMO

Current therapeutic methods for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can improve hemodynamic status and are expected to improve prognoses. However, some patients experience dyspnea during effort and continue supplemental oxygenation despite their hemodynamic status being fully improved. Considering the pathogenesis of CTEPH, the dead space and intrapulmonary shunt are assumed to be responsible for hypoxia in CTEPH, but their contributions are unclear. It is also unclear whether they are improved after treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the implications of the dead space ratio (DSR) and the intrapulmonary shunt ratio (ISR) for hypoxia in CTEPH and treatment for CTEPH.We retrospectively measured the DSR and ISR of 23 consecutive patients with CTEPH. For 11 of these 23 (10 were treated by balloon pulmonary angioplasty, one with riociguat), we also measured these parameters before and after CTEPH treatments. Overall, the DSR and ISR were abnormally elevated (DSR: 0.63 ± 0.06; ISR: 0.20 ± 0.05). After treatment, mean pulmonary artery pressure was improved (from 40.3 ± 8.1 to 25.5 ± 2.7 mmHg). Although atrial oxygen saturation (SaO2), DSR and ISR were improved (SaO2: from 90.2 ± 3.2 to 93.7 ± 1.8%; DSR: from 0.64 ± 0.06 to 0.58 ± 0.05; ISR: from 0.20 ± 0.04 to 0.18 ± 0.02), these improvements were slight compared with that of mean pulmonary artery pressure.The DSR and ISR were abnormally elevated in patients with CTEPH and their improvement by treatment was limited. Only DSR can be a useful marker for normalization of hypoxia in CTEPH.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Espaço Morto Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Prognóstico , Circulação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Espaço Morto Respiratório/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1222-1225, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484879

RESUMO

Bradycardia is a common complication at the early postoperative period after heart transplantation (HT). The heart rate (HR) usually recovers within a few weeks; however, several patients need a temporary pacemaker or chronotropic agents to stabilize their hemodynamics. Here, we report the first case of transient bradycardia associated with hemodynamic deterioration following HT, which was successfully treated with cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase-3-inhibiting agent. A 59-year-old man received HT for advanced heart failure due to ischemic cardiomyopathy. General fatigue persisted even after the HT. His HR was around 60 beats per minute (bpm) with sinus rhythm. Echocardiography showed no abnormal findings. Right heart catheterization showed that the cardiac index (CI) was 1.9 L/minute/m2. Continuous intravenous infusion of isoproterenol (0.003 µg/kg/minute) increased the HR to 80 bpm and CI to 2.7 L/minute/m2 and improved his symptoms. Isoproterenol was switched to oral administration of cilostazol (100 mg, twice a day), which maintained the HR at around 80 bpm and CI of 2.5 L/minute/m2. The patient's HR gradually recovered and cilostazol could be discontinued three months after the HT. Oral administration of cilostazol can be a therapeutic option for patients with sinus bradycardia following HT, who need positive chronotropic support.


Assuntos
Bradicardia/tratamento farmacológico , Cilostazol/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Bradicardia/diagnóstico por imagem , Bradicardia/etiologia , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/etiologia , Edema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 25(3): 107-112, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503254

RESUMO

Computer-aided simulation appropriately using the method of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) makes it possible to determine the elevated-risk zones of most probable formation of restenosis. The main idea of the method described in our article consists in a possibility of creating by the model of the geometrical shape of the vessel and characteristics of the flow at inlets and outlets the parameters of flow in each point of a vessel. The curves of velocity are used to create the curves of pressure at inlets and outlets, which are used in a CFD model. The resulting from CFD simulation of blood flow are nonstationary three-dimensional fields of pressure and velocity in the area under study. Visual examination of the dynamics of these fields makes it possible to judge about possible problem zones inside the area of flow and on the internal wall of the vessel. This article also presents a clinical case report illustrating the use of this technique.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares
17.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 98(4): 48-50, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513149

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to study hemodynamic parameters in patients with a local form of odontogenic infection (LFOI) in the presence of diseases of the cardiovascular system and without background pathology. 5 groups were formed: group 1 - patients with LFOI without background diseases (49 patients, mean age 29 [25; 37] years); group 2 - healthy individuals (25 people, mean age 24.7±0.76 years); group 3 - patients with LFOI and diseases of the cardiovascular system (34 patients, mean age 51.2±2.37 years); group 4 - patients without LFOI with diseases of the cardiovascular system (25 patients, mean age - 46 [43; 50] years); group of patients with LFOI without background pathology, comparable in age and sex composition with group 3 (group 5, 28 patients, mean age 48.9±2.30 years). The presence of LFOI in the patient in the absence of background pathology determines the heart rate (78 [72; 82] in 1 min) in comparison with the control group of healthy individuals (68.0±0.85 in 1 min), the values of minute volume of blood circulation (5.25±0.14 l/min) and systolic index (2.87 [2.56; 3.35]) l·m-2·min-1. The development of LFOI in patient with hypertension/ischemic heart disease was not associated with increased blood circulation features, such as the increase in resting heart rate values, the values of minute volume of blood circulation and systolic index.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular , Hemodinâmica , Hipertensão , Doenças da Boca , Adulto , Sistema Cardiovascular/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Infecção , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(8): 972-977, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) in evaluating pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary hypertension (PAH); and the relationship between CMRI parameters and pulmonary function parameters, blood gas analysis parameters and 6-minute walk test (6MWT) parameters in patients with COPD complicated with PAH. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients were diagnosed with COPD in the department of respiratory and critical care discipline of Ningxia Medical University General Hospital from October 2013 to October 2016, who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to measure pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP), and were divided into COPD group and COPD+PAH group according to whether there was PAH [PASP > 40 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) was defined as PAH]. All patients completed pulmonary function tests [1 second forced expiratory volume to forced vital capacity ratio (FEV1/FVC), FEV1 predicted value (FEV1pred)], blood gas analysis [arterial blood oxygen partial pressure (PaO2), arterial blood carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2)], CMRI examination [relative dilatation of the main pulmonary artery (mPAD), mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF), right ventricular end-diastolic myocardial mass (RVMED), right ventricular end-systolic myocardial mass (RVMES)], and 6MWD [6-minute walk distance (6MWD)] within 1 week. The obtained clinical parameters had been compared between the groups, and correlation was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 37 patients with COPD, 16 patients were complicated with PAH. There were no significant differences in FEV1/FVC, FEV1pred, PaO2, PaCO2 and other baseline indicators between the two groups. In the COPD group, TTE obtained PASP of 2 patients were normal (PSAP < 40 mmHg), while CMRI measured mPAP were higher than the normal limit (> 25 mmHg). Compared with the COPD group, mPAD, RVEF and 6MWD were significantly decreased in the COPD+PAH group [mPAD: (25.64±5.01)% vs. (44.00±22.52)%, RVEF: 0.525±0.054 vs. 0.592±0.071, 6MWD (m): 319.3±116.5 vs. 408.2±38.0, all P < 0.01], mPAP, RVMED and RVMES were significantly increased [mPAP (mmHg): 28.89±3.16 vs. 20.18±2.43, RVMED (g): 57.19±15.46 vs. 40.71±15.44, RVMES (g): 45.99±11.16 vs. 33.71±13.39, all P < 0.01], and there was no significant differences in LVEF (0.663±0.082 vs. 0.699±0.075, P > 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that mPAD was positively correlated with FEV1/FVC and FEV1pred (r1 = 0.538, P1 = 0.021; r2 = 0.448, P2 = 0.049); RVMED was negatively correlated with PaO2 (r = -0.581, P = 0.015), and positively correlated with PaCO2 (r = 0.592, P = 0.014); 6MWD was positively correlated with RVEF (r = 0.485, P = 0.041), and had no correlation with LVEF (r = 0.271, P = 0.104). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with COPD patients, changes in pulmonary hemodynamics and right ventricular function in COPD patients with PAH are related to the severity of airflow limitation. CMRI can early monitor pulmonary hemodynamics and right heart function changes in patients with COPD. Once PAH appears, pulmonary hemodynamics, right heart function and exercise tolerance have changed.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Artéria Pulmonar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Função Ventricular Direita , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
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