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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(10): 649-652, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumatic sleeves (PS) are often used during laparoscopic surgery and for prevention of deep vein thrombosis in patients who cannot receive anticoagulation treatment. There is very little information on the hemodynamic changes induced by PS and their effect on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in patients with severely reduced left ventricular ejection function (LVEF). OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and hemodynamic changes induced by PS and their effects on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). METHODS: This study comprised 14 patients classified as New York Heart Association (NYHA) II-III with severely reduced LVEF (< 40%). We activated the PS using two inflation pressures (50 or 80 mmHg, 7 patients in each group) at two cycles per minute for one hour. We measured echocardiography, hemodynamic parameters, and BNP levels in each patient prior to, during, and after the PS operation. RESULTS: The baseline LVEF did not change throughout the activation of PS (31 ± 10% vs. 33 ± 9%, P = 0.673). Following PS activation there was no significant difference in systolic or diastolic blood pressure, the pulse measurements, or central venous pressure. BNP levels did not change after PS activation (P = 0.074). CONCLUSIONS: The use of PS, with either low or high inflation pressures, is safe and has no detrimental effects on hemodynamic parameters or BNP levels in patients with severely reduced LVEF following clinical stabilization and optimal medical therapy.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Dispositivos de Compressão Pneumática Intermitente/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17238, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577715

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis due to its higher patency and lower infection rate. However, its suboptimal maturation rate is a major weakness. Although substantial risk factors for AVF maturation failure have been disclosed, modifiable risk factors remain unknown. During the AVF maturation process, an elevated luminal pressure is required for outward remodeling; however, excessively high luminal pressure may also be detrimental to AVF maturation, which remains to be defined. We hypothesized that higher AVF luminal pressure is harmful to its maturation, and investigate its potential as a modifiable factor to improve AVF maturation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective study includes patients undergoing surgical creation for a native AVF. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age <20 years, inability to sign an informed consent, and failure to create a native AVF due to technical difficulties. Demographic and laboratory profiles will be collected before AVF surgery. Vascular sonography will be performed within 1 week of AVF creation to measure the diameters, flow rates, and flow volumes of AVF and its branched veins. The pressure gradient within AVF will be estimated from the blood flow rates using the modified Bernoulli equation. The primary outcome is spontaneous AVF maturation defined as provision of sufficient blood flow for hemodialysis within 2 months of its creation without any interventional procedures. The secondary outcome is assisted AVF maturation, which is defined as AVF maturation within 2 months from its creation aided by any interventional procedure before the successful use of AVF. DISCUSSION: While contemporary theory for AVF maturation failure focuses on disturbed wall shear stress, complicate assumptions and measurement preclude its clinical applicability. AVF luminal pressure, which may be manipulated pharmaceutically and surgically, may be a target to improve the outcome of AVF maturation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study has been registered at the protocol registration and results system. The Protocol ID: NCT04017806.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/métodos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/fisiologia , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17369, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577738

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the correlation between the efficiency coefficient of right ventricular-pulmonary artery coupling (ηvv) and the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).A total of 64 patients who underwent right heart catheterization (RHC) were enrolled and divided into PAH and control groups depending on the RHC results. Pressure and volumetric methods were adopted to analyze the results of RHC and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging examination. The ηvv of patients in 2 groups were calculated, and the relationship between ηvv calculated by the 2 methods and the 2-year prognosis of patients with PAH was evaluated.The hemodynamic index and right ventricular-pulmonary artery coupling parameter of patients with PAH were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < .05). The right ventricular volume parameter in the PAH group was significantly different from that in the control group (P < .05). For patients with PAH, the end-systolic elastance/effective arterial elastance (Ees/Ea) calculated by the volumetric method was significantly related to the prognosis of patients (odds ratio = 0.192, 95% confidence interval: 0.042-0.868, P = .032). When Ees/Ea <0.67 was calculated by the volumetric method, the adverse prognosis of patients with PAH increased significantly (P < .05).The Ees/Ea calculated by the volumetric method may be better an independent factor for the prognosis of patients with PAH.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Prognóstico , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Adulto Jovem
4.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 957-966, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476900

RESUMO

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a failure of pulmonary vascular resistance to decline at birth rapidly. One principal mechanism implicated in PPHN development is mitochondrial oxidative stress. Expression and activity of mitochondrial SOD2 (superoxide dismutase) are decreased in PPHN; however, the mechanism remains unknown. Recently, OLA1 (Obg-like ATPase-1) was shown to act as a critical regulator of proteins controlling cell response to stress including Hsp70, an obligate chaperone for SOD2. Here, we investigated whether OLA1 is causally linked to PPHN. Compared with controls, SOD2 expression is reduced in distal-pulmonary arteries (PAs) from patients with PPHN and fetal-lamb models. Disruptions of the SOD2 gene reproduced PPHN phenotypes, manifested by elevated right ventricular systolic pressure, PA-endothelial cells apoptosis, and PA-smooth muscle cells proliferation. Analyses of SOD2 protein dynamics revealed higher ubiquitinated-SOD2 protein levels in PPHN-lambs, suggesting dysregulated protein ubiquitination. OLA1 controls multiple proteostatic mechanisms and is overexpressed in response to stress. We demonstrated that OLA1 acts as a molecular chaperone, and its activity is induced by stress. Strikingly, OLA1 expression is decreased in distal-PAs from PPHN-patients and fetal-lambs. OLA1 deficiency enhanced CHIP affinity for Hsp70-SOD2 complexes, facilitating SOD2 degradation. Consequently, mitochondrial H2O2 formation is impaired, leading to XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) overexpression that suppresses caspase activity in PA-smooth muscle cells, allowing them to survive and proliferate, contributing to PA remodeling. In-vivo, ola1-/- downregulated SOD2 expression, induced distal-PA remodeling, and right ventricular hypertrophy. We conclude that decreased OLA1 expression accounts for SOD2 downregulation and, therefore, a therapeutic target in PPHN treatments.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ovinos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo
5.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 1041-1051, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476904

RESUMO

Transient hypertension is a risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD), but the effects of this interaction on brain vasculature are understudied. Addressing vascular pathology is a promising avenue to potentiate the efficacy of treatments for AD. We used arterial spin labeling magnetic resonance imaging to longitudinally assess brain vascular function and immunohistopathology to examine cerebrovascular remodeling and amyloid load. Hypertension was induced for 1 month by administration of l-NG-nitroarginine-methyl-ester in TgF344-AD rats at the prodromal stage. Following hypertension, nontransgenic rats showed transient cerebrovascular changes, whereas TgF344-AD animals exhibited sustained alterations in cerebrovascular function. Human umbilical cord perivascular cells in combination with scyllo-inositol, an inhibitor of Aß oligomerization, resulted in normalization of hippocampal vascular function and remodeling, in contrast to either treatment alone. Prodromal stage hypertension exacerbates latter AD pathology, and the combination of human umbilical cord perivascular cells with amyloid clearance promotes cerebrovascular functional recovery.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Ratos , Marcadores de Spin
6.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1211-1218, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484857

RESUMO

Extra- and/or intracorporeal renal replacement therapy can improve the cardiorenal hemodynamics in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) refractory to medical therapy and renal failure. Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman with inotrope-dependent end-stage HF and chronic renal failure due to anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy, in whom the induction of hemodiafiltration and subsequent chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) provided a dramatic improvement of her cardiac hemodynamics from restrictive to almost normal physiology assessed by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization. The patient returned to office work with New York Heart Association functional class I-II symptoms for at least 3 years with continuous ambulatory PD after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Síndrome Cardiorrenal/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hemodiafiltração/métodos , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1137-1141, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484878

RESUMO

Current therapeutic methods for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can improve hemodynamic status and are expected to improve prognoses. However, some patients experience dyspnea during effort and continue supplemental oxygenation despite their hemodynamic status being fully improved. Considering the pathogenesis of CTEPH, the dead space and intrapulmonary shunt are assumed to be responsible for hypoxia in CTEPH, but their contributions are unclear. It is also unclear whether they are improved after treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the implications of the dead space ratio (DSR) and the intrapulmonary shunt ratio (ISR) for hypoxia in CTEPH and treatment for CTEPH.We retrospectively measured the DSR and ISR of 23 consecutive patients with CTEPH. For 11 of these 23 (10 were treated by balloon pulmonary angioplasty, one with riociguat), we also measured these parameters before and after CTEPH treatments. Overall, the DSR and ISR were abnormally elevated (DSR: 0.63 ± 0.06; ISR: 0.20 ± 0.05). After treatment, mean pulmonary artery pressure was improved (from 40.3 ± 8.1 to 25.5 ± 2.7 mmHg). Although atrial oxygen saturation (SaO2), DSR and ISR were improved (SaO2: from 90.2 ± 3.2 to 93.7 ± 1.8%; DSR: from 0.64 ± 0.06 to 0.58 ± 0.05; ISR: from 0.20 ± 0.04 to 0.18 ± 0.02), these improvements were slight compared with that of mean pulmonary artery pressure.The DSR and ISR were abnormally elevated in patients with CTEPH and their improvement by treatment was limited. Only DSR can be a useful marker for normalization of hypoxia in CTEPH.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Espaço Morto Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Prognóstico , Circulação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Espaço Morto Respiratório/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Anaesthesia ; 74(11): 1389-1396, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389614

RESUMO

We evaluated the effect of adrenaline on human skin microcirculation (nutritive and sub-papillary) and systemic cardiovascular variables after it was added to lidocaine in infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks. Twelve healthy, non-smoking male volunteers were included, each attending two study sessions 2 weeks apart, and they were studied using a crossover design. In both sessions, they received an ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block in the non-dominant arm with 0.4 ml.kg-1 lidocaine, 15 mg.ml-1 with or without adrenaline 5 µg.ml-1 . Microcirculation was assessed by laser Doppler fluxmetry (sub-papillary blood flow), capillary video microscopy (nutritive blood flow) and continuous temperature measurements. Heart rate and arterial pressure were recorded continuously and non-invasively. Median (IQR [range]) sub-papillary blood flow increased substantially 30 min after the brachial plexus block, from 8.5 (4.4-13.5 [2.9-28.2]) to 162.7 (111.0-197.8 [9.5-206.7]) arbitrary units with adrenaline (p = 0.017), and from 6.9 (5.3-28.5 [1.8-42.1] to 133.7 (16.5-216.7 [1.0-445.0] arbitrary units without adrenaline (p = 0.036). Nutritive blood flow (functional capillary density, capillaries.mm-2 , measured at the dorsal side of the hand) decreased in the blocked extremity when adrenaline was used as adjuvant, from median (IQR [range]) 45 (36-52 [26-59]) to 38 (29-41 [26-42]), p = 0.028, whereas no significant change occurred without adrenaline. Median finger skin temperature (°C) increased by 44% (data pooled) with no significant differences between the groups. No significant changes were found in the systemic cardiovascular variables with or without adrenaline. We conclude that lidocaine infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks caused an increase in skin sub-papillary blood flow. The addition of adrenaline produced stronger and longer lasting blocks, but decreased the nutritive blood flow.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/farmacologia , Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial/métodos , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Lidocaína/farmacologia , Microcirculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Agonistas alfa-Adrenérgicos/farmacologia , Adulto , Estudos Cross-Over , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17011, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464959

RESUMO

Aim was to compare the impact of bedside percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) and open surgical technique (ST) on intracranial pressure (ICP), pulmonary gas exchange and hemodynamics.We retrospectively analyzed data of 92 neurocritical care patients with invasive ICP monitoring during either PDT (43 patients) or ST (49 patients).Peak ICP levels were higher during PDT (22 [17-38] mm Hg vs 19 [13-27] mm Hg, P = .029). Mean oxygen saturation (SpO2) and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (etCO2) did not differ. Episodes with relevant desaturation (SpO2 < 90%) or hypercapnia (etCO2 > 50 mm Hg) occurred rarely (5/49 during ST vs 3/43 during PDT for SpO2 < 90%; 2/49 during ST vs 5/43 during PDT for hypercapnia). Drops in mean arterial pressure (MAP) below 60 mm Hg were seen more often during PDT (8/43 vs 2/49, P = .026). Mean infusion rate of norepinephrine did not differ (0.52 mg/h during ST vs 0.45 mg/h during PDT). No fatal complications were observed.Tracheostomy can be performed as ST and PDT safely in neurocritical care patients. The impact on ICP, pulmonary gas exchange and hemodynamics remains within an unproblematic range.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/terapia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Pressão Intracraniana/fisiologia , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar/fisiologia , Traqueostomia/métodos , Estado Terminal , Dilatação , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Oxigênio/sangue , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(5): 811-816, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453979

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Knowledge-based iterative model reconstruction (IMR) yields diagnostically acceptable image quality in low-dose static computed tomography (CT). We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of IMR in dynamic myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP). METHODS: We enrolled 24 patients who underwent stress dynamic CTP using a 256-slice CT. Images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid IR, and IMR. Image quality and hemodynamic parameters were compared among three algorithms. RESULTS: Qualitative image quality and contrast-to-noise ratio were significantly higher by IMR than by FBP or hybrid IR (visual score: 4.1 vs. 3.0 and 3.5; contrast-to-noise ratio: 12.4 vs. 6.6 and 8.4; P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed among algorithms in CTP-derived myocardial blood flow (1.68 vs. 1.73 and 1.70 mL/g/min). CONCLUSIONS: The use of knowledge-based iterative model reconstruction improves image quality without altering hemodynamic parameters in low-dose dynamic CTP, compared with FBP or hybrid IR.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Bases de Conhecimento , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Idoso , Algoritmos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Meios de Contraste , Teste de Esforço , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Iopamidol , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(7): 438-444, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365955

RESUMO

Objective: To observe and analysis the changes of hemodynamic parameters and outcomes of pregnant women combined with congenital heart disease-pulmonary arterial hypertension (CHD-PAH). Methods: A prospective analysis of hemodynamic parameters of patients combined with CHD-PAH in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 was carried out. Total 99 cases were divided into 4 groups based on systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP): mild group (SPAP 25-49 mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), moderate group (SPAP 50-79 mmHg), severe group (SPAP≥80 mmHg) and Eisenmenger syndrome group. Results: (1) SPAP of all groups increased during gestation, and the growth rates had no statistical differences (P>0.05). The SPAP in each group decreased after termination but was still higher than the early pregnancy's SPAP. (2) CHD-PAH patients in moderate [2 cm(2) (1-5 cm(2)), 1.0 cm (-2.0 - 2.0 cm)], severe [5 cm(2) (3-9 cm(2)), -3.5 cm (-6.0 - 1.0 cm)] or Eisenmenger syndrome [5 cm(2) (3-6 cm(2)), -1.0 cm (-5.5 - 2.0 cm)] group had larger right atrium area and smaller left ventricular end-diastolic diameter than patients in mild group [1 cm(2) (-1 - 4 cm(2)), 3.0 cm (1.0-6.0 cm)], the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (3) Each group's SPAP/brachial arterial-systolic (BSAP) pressure continously increased during gestation. The SPAP/BSAP only decreased in patients in mild or moderate group after termination. However, the SPAP/BSAP kept rising in patients in severe group or Eisenmenger syndrome group. (4) CHD-PAH patients in severe or Eisenmenger syndrome group had worse cardiac function, in which the rates of Ⅲ-Ⅳ cardiac function were 61%(14/23) and 12/17, compared with patients in mild [8% (2/26)] and moderate [12%(4/33)] group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (5) The rates of medicine treatment, cesarean section were higher, the weeks of gestational termination were earlier and the newborn's weights were lower in patients in severe or Eisenmenger syndrome group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions: (1) SPAP keeps rising during gestation in all patients with CHD-PAH, and the SPAP decreases after termination but it's still higher than the early pregnancy's SPAP. This suggests that pregnancy would exacerbate these patients' heart problems, the risk should be fully considered before and during pregnancy. (2) Patients with severe CHD-PAH or combined with Eisenmenger syndrome have lager right atrium area, smaller left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, worse cardiac function, and bigger changes of hemodynamic, the incidence of adverse outcomes of mothers and children is also high, pregnancy should be avoided.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Resultado da Gravidez , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 68: 317-321, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324470

RESUMO

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are rare vascular malformations accounting for only 10-15% that may lead to life threatening deficits due to hemodynamic changes in blood supply and pressure conditions. We present a 64-year old patient who was admitted with disorientation and aphasia. Following images confirmed an infratentorial dural fistula draining into the straight sinus. Additional findings were progressive thrombosis of the straight sinus, microbleedings and bithalamic edema due changes in hemodynamic conditions and venous congestion. Microsurgery was performed. After treatment improvement in clinical condition was observed and the venous congestion was regressive. Hemodynamic changes due to infratentorial dAVFs may lead to bleedings in deep regions and worsening of clinical condition fastly. Treatment requires carefully planning and visualization of angioarchitecture. Symptoms and hemodynamic changes are reversible after treatment, which are essential for treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/etiologia , Malformações Vasculares do Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiopatologia , Cavidades Cranianas/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Hiperemia/etiologia , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/fisiopatologia
13.
Transplant Proc ; 51(6): 1838-1844, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of using thromboembolic deterrent (TED) stockings and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) vs a muscle pump activator (MPA) device on limb edema and patient satisfaction after transplant. METHODS: In this single-center randomized controlled trial, 118 patients were randomly assigned to wear TED + IPC (n = 64) or the MPA device (n = 54) from postoperative days 1 to 6. We measured patients' weight and lower leg and thigh circumferences daily. Ultrasonography of the allograft and lower limbs was carried out on postoperative days 1 and 5 to assess resistive index in the transplanted kidney and flow in the femoral vein. We monitored urine output and serum creatinine level. RESULTS: We observed a significant increase in calf and thigh circumference from baseline in the TED + IPC group but not in the MPA group (2.3 [SD, 1] cm vs 0.25 [SD, 0.8] cm, respectively, P < .002). Ultrasonography showed higher femoral vein velocities in the MPA group than the TED + IPC group (0.5 [SD, 0.2] cm, P < .001). The mean total urine output in 6 days was higher in the MPA group than the TED + IPC group (P = .05), which corresponded to large change in TED + IPC weight of 6.2 kg vs 2.1 kg in the MPA group (P = .04). Patients were more satisfied with the use of the MPA device than TED + IPC. No major complications were encountered in either group. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to show that the use of an MPA device in the immediate postoperative period following kidney transplant leads to decreased lower limb edema and increased total urine output. Patients were more satisfied with the use of the MPA device than TED + IPC.


Assuntos
Circulação Assistida/instrumentação , Edema/terapia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/instrumentação , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Circulação Assistida/métodos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Edema/etiologia , Edema/fisiopatologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Feminino , Veia Femoral , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Meias de Compressão , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Hypertension ; 74(3): 606-613, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280648

RESUMO

Arterial stiffness and wave reflection predict cardiovascular mortality and morbidity and are associated with renal microvascular disease. We hypothesized that the retinal microvascular traits might be associated with central hemodynamic properties. In 735 randomly recruited Flemish (mean age, 50.3 years; 47.1% women), we derived central pulse pressure and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity by applanation tonometry and calculated forward (Pf) and backward (Pb) pulse waves, using an automated pressure-based wave separation algorithm. We measured central retinal arteriolar (CRAE) and venular equivalent and their ratio, using IVAN software (Vasculomatic ala Nicola, version 1.1). Mean values for pulse wave velocity (n=554), Pf and Pb were 7.50 m/s, 32.0 mm Hg, and 21.5 mm Hg, respectively. In multivariable-adjusted analyses, CRAE was 4.62 µm and 1.26 µm smaller (P≤0.034) for a 1-SD increment in central mean arterial pressure (+11.3 mm Hg) and central pulse pressure (+15.2 mm Hg); a 1-SD increment in the augmentation ratio (+7.0%), aortic pulse wave velocity (+1.66 m/s), Pf (+10.0 mm Hg), and Pb (+8.5 mm Hg), was associated with smaller CRAE; the association sizes were -1.91 µm, -1.59 µm, -1.45 µm, and -2.38 µm (P≤0.014), respectively. Associations of arteriole-to-venule diameter ratio with the central hemodynamic traits mirrored those of CRAE. None of the multivariable-adjusted associations of central retinal venular diameter with the central hemodynamic traits reached significance with the exception of central diastolic blood pressure (-1.62 µm; P=0.030). In conclusion, in the general population, higher central pulse pressure, pulse wave velocity, Pf, and Pb were associated with smaller CRAE.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Microvasos/fisiopatologia , Vasos Retinianos/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Pressão Arterial , Bélgica , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(8): 743-751, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318302

RESUMO

Introduction: The implantation rate of aortic bioprostheses is increasing. Their durability has improved to some extent over the years and they allow for future transcatheter valve-in-valve deployment. In the lack of long term follow up, their hemodynamic profile, i.e. transvalvular mean pressure gradient and effective orifice area indexed, and the associated left ventricular reverse remodeling indexed are useful surrogates for clinical outcomes. Areas covered: A systematic review of the literature was conducted by searching Medline, Cochrane, Scielo, Embase databases, and grey literature until July 2018 for articles that perform comparisons among the three most popular aortic bioprostheses. Six randomized and 12 non-randomized studies were included with 565 patients receiving a Mosaic, 1334 a Perimount and 557 a Trifecta valve. These articles are heterogeneous but they allow the meta-analytic comparison of the abovementioned outcomes. Expert opinion: Compared to the Perimount valve, the Mosaic is hemodynamically inferior, while the Trifecta is superior. Despite these statistically significant differences, the left ventricular mass regression indexed, that is indicative of reverse remodeling, was comparable in all groups. All patients were similarly benefited. The predilection among these valves is fueled by their hemodynamic profile but not supported by the comparable reverse remodeling.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Remodelação Vascular , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Clin Neurosci ; 67: 185-190, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253387

RESUMO

Aneurysm wall thickness is an important determinant of aneurysm progression and intra-procedural rupture. Several previous studies have evaluated the association between hemodynamic stress and aneurysm wall thickness, but conflicting results were obtained and no consensus has been achieved. According to the intraoperative findings, twenty-eight unruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms presented with thin-walled regions were enrolled in our study. Patient-specific 3D aneurysm models were constructed from preoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) data and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses were performed under pulsatile-flow conditions. Thin-walled regions of aneurysm dome were recognized by two experienced reviewers based on the intraoperative microscopy findings. Hemodynamic parameters derived from CFD analysis, including normalized wall shear stress (NWSS), normalized pressure (NP), the oscillatory shear index (OSI) and relative residence time (RRT), were compared between thin-walled regions and surrounding normal-thickness areas. Of the included aneurysms, twenty-eight pairs of thin-walled and normal surrounding regions were determined. Compared with surrounding tissues, thin-walled regions of aneurysm wall tended to present with higher pressure (1.232 vs 1.043, p < 0.05) and lower wall shear stress (0.693 vs 0.868, p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that elevated NP was significantly associated with thinning of the local aneurysm wall. Higher pressure and lower WSS were characteristic hemodynamic features associated with thinner regions of the aneurysm wall, elevated NP was an independent risk factor for local aneurysm wall thinning. CFD seems to be a useful method to estimate the location of thin-walled region, which will be helpful in reducing the risk of intraoperative rupture.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hidrodinâmica , Aneurisma Intracraniano/patologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Aneurisma Roto/patologia , Aneurisma Roto/fisiopatologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Análise Multivariada , Estresse Mecânico
17.
Hypertension ; 74(2): 407-412, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230538

RESUMO

High blood pressure (BP) is the strongest modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Overweight/obesity is a major risk factor of high BP. Multiple sex differences exist in mechanistic pathways that increase BP in overweight/obesity. They may result in a sex-specific pattern of BP hemodynamics-males and females may vary in the relative contributions of stroke volume, total peripheral resistance (TPR), and heart rate to higher BP. We investigated this possibility in a population-based sample of middle-aged adults (36-65 years). The total sample (n=618) included 289 males and 329 females; 79% of males and 66% of females were overweight. In all, we measured BP, stroke volume, TPR, and heart rate beat-by-beat during a 52-minute protocol that included changes in posture and mental stress. We assessed the relative contributions of stroke volume, TPR, and heart rate to BP at each minute of the protocol. We observed marked sex differences in BP hemodynamics in overweight/obese individuals: the main determinant of higher BP was TPR in males (49% versus only 35% in females, P=0.008), whereas it was stroke volume in females (51% versus only 35% in males, P=0.006). These sex differences were most apparent when standing or sitting at rest. No such differences were seen in normal-weight individuals in whom the main determinant of higher BP was TPR in both sexes. Our study suggests that, in middle-aged adults, marked sex differences exist in BP hemodynamics, contributing to high BP in overweight/obese but not normal-weight individuals. As such, this study may contribute to precision medicine in hypertension.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Canadá , Comorbidade , Intervalos de Confiança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Distribuição por Sexo , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia
18.
J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) ; 29(4): 391-398, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31222978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether percentage changes in pulse wave transit time (PWTT%Δ) induced by mini-fluid challenges predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated anesthetized dogs. DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twelve Harrier hounds. INTERVENTION: Each dog was anesthetized with propofol and isoflurane after premedication with acepromazine, mechanically ventilated, and had a fluid challenge. This was repeated 4 weeks later. The fluid challenge, 10 mL/kg of colloid administration over 13 minutes, consisted of 3 intermittent mini-fluid challenges (1 mL/kg of each over a minute) with a minute interval, and the remaining colloid administration (7 mL/kg) over 7 minutes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Percentage change in velocity time integral of pulmonary arterial flow by echocardiography was calculated as an indication of change in stroke volume. Fluid responsiveness was defined as percentage change in velocity time integral ≥ 15% after 10 mL/kg colloid. Dogs responded on 14 fluid challenges and did not on 10. After 1, 2, 3, and 10 mL/kg of fluid challenge, PWTT%Δ1, 2, 3, 10 were measured. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were generated and areas under ROC curve were calculated for PWTT%Δ1, 2, 3 . A gray zone approach was used to identify the clinically inconclusive range. The area under the ROC curve for PWTT%Δ3 was 0.91 (P = 0.001). Cutoff value for PWTT%Δ3 was -2.5% (sensitivity: 86%, specificity: 90%). The gray zone for PWTT%Δ3 was identified as between -2.9% to -1.9% for which fluid responsiveness could not be predicted reliably in 6 out of 24 fluid challenges. CONCLUSIONS: In mechanically ventilated anesthetized dogs given a mini-fluid challenge of 3 mL/kg of colloid, PWTT%Δ could predict fluid responsiveness although the gray zone should be considered.


Assuntos
Cães/fisiologia , Hidratação/veterinária , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Análise de Onda de Pulso/veterinária , Respiração Artificial/veterinária , Anestesia/veterinária , Animais , Ecocardiografia/veterinária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Volume Sistólico
19.
Hypertension ; 74(2): 349-358, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203727

RESUMO

Nerve traffic recordings (muscle sympathetic nerve traffic [MSNA]) have shown that sympathetic activation may occur in obesity. However, the small sample size of the available studies, presence of comorbidities, heterogeneity of the subjects examined represented major weaknesses not allowing to draw definite conclusions. This is the case for the overweight state. The present meta-analysis evaluated 1438 obese or overweight subjects recruited in 45 microneurographic studies. The analysis was primarily based on MSNA quantification in obesity and overweight, excluding as concomitant conditions hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and other comorbidities. Assessment was extended to the relationships of MSNA with other neuroadrenergic markers, such as plasma norepinephrine and heart rate, anthropometric variables, as body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, presence/absence of obstructive sleep apnea, and metabolic profile. Compared with normoweights MSNA was significantly greater in overweight and more in obese individuals (37.0±4.1 versus 43.2±3.5 and 50.4±5.0 burts/100 heartbeats, P<0.01). This was the case even in the absence of obstructive sleep apnea. MSNA was significantly directly related to body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio ( r=0.41 and r=0.64, P<0.04 and <0.01, respectively), clinic blood pressure ( r=0.68, P<0.01), total cholesterol, LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, and triglycerides ( r=0.91, r=0.94, and r=0.80, respectively, P<0.01) but unrelated to plasma insulin, glucose, and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance. No significant correlation was found between MSNA, heart rate, and norepinephrine. Thus, obesity and overweight are characterized by sympathetic overactivity which mirrors the severity of the clinical condition and reflects metabolic alterations, with the exclusion of glucose/insulin profile. Neither heart rate nor norepinephrine appear to represent faithful markers of the muscle sympathetic overdrive.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Simpático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antropometria , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/fisiopatologia , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco
20.
J Clin Neurosci ; 66: 220-225, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176592

RESUMO

The relationship between carotid blood flow and carotid intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH) is not fully understood. This study was to investigate the relationship between local haemodynamics and carotid plaques with IPH associated with severe artery stenosis. Fifty-nine patients with carotid atherosclerosis were enrolled in this study and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement. IPH and non-IPH compositions were differentiated based on plaque sequences. Haemodynamic simulations were performed by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). All the carotids were categorised into IPH and non-IPH groups. In each group, the artery stenosis was divided into mild (<50%), moderate (50-70%) and severe (>70%) subgroups. Maximum wall shear stress (mWSS) was calculated and comparisons made between IPH and non-IPH groups using independent t-test. Furthermore, the relationship between mWSS and IPH volume was examined using Pearson's correlation. The mWSS result calculated from the IPH group was significantly higher than that of the non-IPH group; at mild stenosis (P = 0.001) and moderate stenosis (P = 0.002) respectively. However, there was no significant difference in cases of severe stenosis (P = 0.42). Furthermore, the results showed a positive correlation between mWSS and IPH volume (r = 0.763, P < 0.001) in the cases of stenosis of less than 70%. mWSS was found to be significantly associated with IPH for carotids with stenosis of less than 70%. This highlights that mWSS is a potential quantitative parameter for the risk diagnosis of the carotid atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hemorragia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrodinâmica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Mecânico
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