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1.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 3448979, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900183

RESUMO

Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is a common condition in clinic. Due to the improvement of minimally invasive technology, its therapeutic effect is good, but there are still postoperative complications. The corresponding routine nursing intervention is not effective in the rehabilitation of postoperative patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. In this paper, cluster nursing was applied to the treatment of postoperative patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. For this purpose, a retrospective study or experiment was conducted on 150 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage in the hospital specifically from January 2019 to December 2020. According to the nursing strategy, patients were divided into experimental (n = 75) and control groups (n = 75), respectively. The control group adopted routine nursing mode, whereas the experimental group adopted cluster nursing mode. The treatment compliance of patients in the experimental group was 86.67%, while that in the control group was 73.33% (P < 0.05). The total incidence of postoperative complications in the experimental group was 3.2%, which was lower than 25% in the control group (P < 0.05). The motor function score of the experimental group was better than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The application of cluster nursing in postoperative patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is feasible, and its nursing effect is significant, which can not only reduce the incidence of postoperative complications but also improve patients' compliance and quality of life. It has good application value.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10930-10937, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the correlation between thrombospondin-2 (TSP2), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and perihematomal edema, as well as the short-term prognosis of patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: The clinical data of 114 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to February 2020 were collected and divided into groups according to the levels of TSP2 and MMP-9. We compared edema indexes in patients with different levels of TSP2 and MMP-9, and analyzed the correlation between TSP2, MMP-9 and relative edema volume index (REI), edema change index (AEI). We also assessed the TSP2 and MMP-9 levels in patients with different prognoses, and analyzed the predictive value of TSP2 and MMP-9 for poor prognosis of patients. RESULTS: (I) There was no difference in the REI and AEI values between the low and high TSP2 groups at admission and 24 h after admission (P>0.05), while the REI and AEI values of the high TSP2 group at 5 and 15 d after admission were significantly lower than those of the low TSP2 group (P<0.05); (II) the REI and AEI values of patients with different MMP-9 levels were not different between admission and 24 h after admission (P>0.05), while the REI and AEI values of the high MMP-9 group were significantly higher than those of the low MMP-9 group at 5 and 15 d after admission (P<0.05); (III) Pearson correlation analysis showed that MMP-9 was positively correlated with REI and AEI, while TSP2 was negatively correlated (P<0.05); (IV) among 114 patients, 39 had poor prognosis, 75 had good prognosis The MMP-9 levels of patients with a poor prognosis were significantly higher than those of patients with a good prognosis, and the TSP2 level was the opposite (P<0.05); (V) receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the sensitivity, specificity and the area under the curve (AUC) of the TSP2 + MMP-9 combination in the diagnosis of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage were significantly higher than when TSP2 and MMP-9 were tested separately (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, TSP2 is negatively correlated with edema around the hematoma, while MMP-9 is positively correlated.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Edema Encefálico/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral , Edema , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Prognóstico , Trombospondinas
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4601-4614, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581068

RESUMO

The study aims to analyze the outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) in recent three years, and thus provide suggestions for the future studies in this field. Four English databases, four Chinese databases and two online registration websites of clinical trials were searched. The RCTs published between January 2018 and September 2020 were screened. The risk of bias was assessed and outcome measures were classified. A total of 151 839 articles were retrieved, of which 44 RCTs were included for analysis after screening. The outcome measures of the included RCTs were classified into 7 categories, among which the symptoms/signs category showed the highest reporting rate. National Institute of Health stroke scale(72.73%) was the most frequently reported outcome indicator, while the vo-lume of intracerebral hemorrhage determined by computerized tomography(36.36%) was the most frequently reported lab test outcome. Most studies collect the outcomes at the end of treatment, while 9 studies reported long-term outcomes 3 months or more after onset. Compared with those of international clinical trials, the application of some of the outcomes was reasonable, focusing on patients' symptoms, quality of life and objective outcomes. However, there were still several problems: unclear primary and secondary outcome measures, insufficient attention to long-term prognosis, insufficient attention to social function, few TCM outcomes, lack of measurement blindness and the use of unreasonable composite outcomes. It is recommended that researchers should rationally design the outcome indicators of clinical trials and develop the core outcome set.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4644-4653, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581072

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic the-rapy in treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(HICH) patients compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic treatment. In this study, the four Chinese databases, the four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and ClinicalTrail.gov, all above were systematically and comprehensively retrieved from the time of database establishment to September 10, 2020. Rando-mized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria established in advanced. The methodological quality of included studies was evaluated by the tool named "Cochrane bias risk assessment 6.1". Meta-analysis of the included studies was performed using RevMan 5.4, and the quality of outcome indicators was evaluated by the GRADE system. Finally, 17 studies were included, involving 1 852 patients with HICH, and the overall quality of the included studies was not high. According to Meta-analysis,(1)CSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-3.50,95%CI[-4.39,-2.61],P<0.000 01);(2)NIHSS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.78,95%CI[-5.55,-4.00],P<0.000 01);(3)the cerebral hematoma volume of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=-4.44,95%CI[-5.83,-3.04],P<0.000 01);(4)ADL score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=20.81,95%CI[17.25,24.37],P<0.000 01);(5)the GCS score of the group of acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy was superior to the group of minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy(MD=2.41,95%CI[1.90,2.91],P<0.000 01). The GRADE system showed an extremely low level of evidence for the above outcome indicators. Adverse reactions were mentioned only in two literatures, with no adverse reactions reported. The available evidence showed that acupuncture combined with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy had a certain efficacy in patients of HICH compared with minimally invasive surgery or basic therapy. However, due to the high risk of bias in the included studies, its true efficacy needs to be verified by more high-quality studies in the future.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Chin J Traumatol ; 24(6): 328-332, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511323

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Rapid decompressive craniectomy (DC) was the most effective method for the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) with cerebral hernia, but the mortality and disability rate is still high. We suspected that hematoma puncture drainage (PD) + DC may improve the therapeutic effect and thus compared the combined surgery with DC alone. METHODS: From December 2013 to July 2019, patients with HICH from Linzhi, Tibet and Honghe, Yunnan Province were retrospectively analyzed. The selection criteria were as follows: (1) altitude ≥1500 m; (2) HICH patients with cerebral hernia; (3) Glascow coma scale score of 4-8 and time from onset to admission ≤3 h; (4) good liver and kidney function; and (5) complete case data. The included patients were divided into DC group and PD + DC group. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The outcome was assessed by Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score, Kaplan-Meier survival curve and correlation between time from admission to operation and prognosis. A good outcome was defined as independent (GOS score, 4-5) and poor outcome defined as dependent (GOS score, 3-1). All data analyses were performed using SPSS 19, and comparison between two groups was conducted using separate t-tests or Chi-square tests. RESULTS: A total of 65 patients was included. The age ranged 34-90 years (mean, 63.00 ± 14.04 years). Among them, 31 patients had the operation of PD + DC, whereas 34 patients underwent DC. The two groups had no significant difference in the basic characteristics. After 6 months of follow-up, in the PD + DC group there were 8 death, 4 vegetative state, 4 severe disability (GOS score 1-3, poor outcome 51.6 %); 8 moderate disability, and 7 good recovery (GOS score 4-5, good outcome 48.4 %); while in the DC group the result was 15 death, 6 vegetative state, 5 severe disability (poor outcome 76.5 %), 4 moderate disability and 4 good recovery (good outcome 23.5 %). The GOS score and good outcome were significantly less in DC group than in PD + DC group (Z = -1.993, p = 0.046; χ2 = 4.38, p = 0.043). However, there was no significant difference regarding the survival curve between PD + DC group and DC group. The correlation between the time from admission to operation and GOS at 6 months (r = -0.41, R2 = 0.002, p = 0.829) was not significant in the PD + DC group, but significant in the DC group (r = -0.357, R2 = 0.128, p = 0.038). CONCLUSION: PD + DC treatment can improve the good outcomes better than DC treatment for HICH with cerebral hernia at a high altitude.


Assuntos
Craniectomia Descompressiva , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Altitude , China , Drenagem , Encefalocele/cirurgia , Hematoma , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Punções , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2984-2994, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467688

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid in treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage, four Chinese databases, four English databases, clinical trials registration center(ClinicalTrials.gov) and Chinese clinical trial registry were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to September 9, 2020. According to the set criteria, the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.4.1 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and GRADE system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. Eleven studies were finally included, with a total sample size of 1 221 cases, 612 cases in the treatment group and 609 cases in the control group. Meta-analysis showed that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine had no significant difference compare with conventional Western medicine in reducing National Institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS) after 2 weeks of treatment for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage(MD=-1.59,95%CI[-3.46,0.29],P=0.10), but was superior to conventional Western medicine after 30 d of treatment(MD=-1.16,95%CI [-1.39,-0.94],P<0.000 01). Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine in improving Glasgow coma scale(MD=1.00,95%CI[0,2.00],P=0.05) and reducing the incidence of secondary brain insults(RR=0.38,95%CI[0.24,0.59],P<0.000 1), but there was no significant difference in increasing Barthel index(MD=1.00,95%CI[-0.30,2.30],P=0.13). In terms of effective rate, studies using Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines, NHISS or Glasgow outcome scale(GOS) had shown that Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine(RR_(Guideline for clinical trials of new patent Chinese medicines)=1.27,95%CI[1.10,1.46],P=0.001;RR_(NHISS)=1.26,95%CI[1.13,1.40],P<0.000 1;RR_(GOS)=1.54,95%CI[1.22,1.93],P=0.000 2). In reduction of hematoma volume, Naoxueshu Oral Liquid combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment(MD_(2 week)=-2.31,95%CI[-3.12,-1.49],P<0.000 01;MD_(4 week)=-2.04,95%CI[-2.41,-1.68],P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. In terms of adverse reactions, two of the included studies reported mild adverse reactions, and the rest of studies were not mentioned, so this study was not able to make a positive evaluation of the safety of Naoxueshu Oral Liquid. This study showed that compared with conventional Western medicine, combined Naoxueshu Oral Liquid may be better for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the high bias risk in the included studies, more large-sample and high-quality RCTs are still needed in the future.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2995-3006, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467689

RESUMO

The effect of oral or nasal feeding with Chinese patent medicine on hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage was systematically evaluated by using the method of network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and ClinicalTrials.gov were retrieved through computers. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese patent medicine combined with Western medicine in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were screened out according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies, and Stata 16.0 software was used to analyze the outcome indicators. A total of 3 888 literatures were retrieved, and 30 studies involving 6 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were finally included. The total sample size was 2 758 cases, including 1 401 cases in the treatment group and 1 357 cases in the control group. According to the results of network Meta-analysis,(1)in terms of improving the degree of nerve function defect, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Tongxinluo Capsules>combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>conventional Western medicine;(2)in terms of reducing the amount of residual cerebral hematoma, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(3)in terms of improving ability of daily living, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Shenzhi Huoxue Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills>combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>conventional Western medicine;(4)in terms of improving total effective rate, the order of Chinese patent medicines was conventional Western medicine combined with Naoxueshu Oral Liquid>combined with Xiaoyukang Capsules>combined with Angong Niuhuang Pills=combined with Naoxuekang Oral Liquid>combined Tongxinluo Capsules>conventional Western medicine treatment. The results showed that in addition to conventional Western medicine therapy, the combined use with Chinese patent medicine can improve the clinical efficacy in the treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. However, due to the differences in the number and quality of various Chinese patent medicines included in the studies, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the ranking results still need to be verified by multi center, large-sample-size randomized double-blind trials in the future, so as to provide more reliable evidence support for clinical drug use.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Medicina Tradicional do Leste Asiático , China , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 403, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor are commonly used to treat macular diseases, including diabetic macular edema. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drugs can enter the systemic circulation after intravitreal injections and appear to suppress circulating vascular endothelial growth factor levels. However, whether this can cause any systemic adverse events remains unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with diabetic macular edema in both eyes was treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor intravitreal injections. One month after receiving two intravitreal injections of aflibercept 1 week apart for diabetic macular edema in both eyes, he complained of a severe acute headache. The patient was diagnosed with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage of the occipital lobe based on an elevated blood pressure of 195/108 mmHg and the results of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of his brain. The patient was treated with an intravenous injection of nicardipine hydrochloride to lower his systemic blood pressure. Two days after the stroke, the patient began oral treatment with 80 mg/day telmisartan, which was continued for 3 days, and the telmisartan dose was reduced to 40 mg/day thereafter. His blood pressure promptly dropped to 130/80 mmHg, and his severe headache disappeared. One year after the cerebrovascular stroke, the telmisartan was discontinued because his blood pressure stabilized at a normal level. His plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels were measured via specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before and after the intravitreal injections of aflibercept. Immediately before the injections, the vascular endothelial growth factor level was 28 pg/ml, but it rapidly fell below the detection limit within 1 week, where it remained for over 2 months. Two days before the cerebral hemorrhage, his plasma vascular endothelial growth factor level was below the detection limit, and 2 months later after the stroke, his plasma vascular endothelial growth factor level recovered to 41 pg/ml. CONCLUSION: This case suggests that hypertension and resultant cerebral hemorrhage can occur in patients with diabetic macular edema when plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels are systemically decreased below the detection limit for a prolonged time after local injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents into the vitreous cavity. Therefore, severely reduced plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels could be a higher risk factor to develop generally infrequent stroke. Ophthalmologists should be aware of possible severe reduction of plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels and resultant increase in blood pressure after intravitreal injections of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug. If the plasma vascular endothelial growth factor levels could be monitored more easily and quickly during the treatment, it would help to prevent adverse events.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Edema Macular , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Idoso , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/tratamento farmacológico , Injeções Intravítreas , Edema Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Ranibizumab , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Acuidade Visual
9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 90: 251-255, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical significance of intraoperative ultrasound in neurosurgery for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Patients with hypertensive ICH who required to undergo surgical treatment were assigned into treatment group (126 cases), who were assisted by intraoperative ultrasound, and control group (122 cases), who were not assisted by intraoperative ultrasound. In the treatment group, intraoperative ultrasound was used for real-time positioning after opening the bone flap, so as to guide the surgery. After surgery, conventional treatment and follow-up were conducted, and the statistical analysis was eventually performed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of the two groups. RESULTS: The mean rate of hematoma clearance was (95.20 ± 5.18)% in the treatment group and (86.20 ± 4.85)% in the control group (P<0.05); the average time required for intraoperative hematoma clearance was 44.5±3.2 min in the treatment group and 66.3±5.1 min in the control group (P < 0.05). Finally, the treatment group was superior to the control group in terms of therapeutic efficacy and overall prognosis (P = 0.03 and 0.025, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative ultrasound possessed the features of precise positioning, real-time guidance, and being user-friendly, which can shorten the operation time, increase the efficacy of surgery, and improve patients' overall prognosis, highlighting high clinical significance of intraoperative ultrasound in neurosurgery.


Assuntos
Craniectomia Descompressiva/métodos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(9): 105945, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage seriously endangers the health of the elderly. However, the relationship between obesity and arterial elasticity in hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage remains to be clarified. The purpose of our study is to explore the associations between body mass index (BMI) and central arterial reflected wave augmentation index (cAIx), toe-brachial index (TBI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and ankle-brachial index (ABI) in the elderly hypertensive patients with hemorrhagic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 502 elderly hypertensive patients with hemorrhagic stroke and 100 healthy controls were collected. According to the BMI, patients were divided into normal BMI, overweight, obesity, and obese groups. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to establish a risk model for elderly hypertensive hemorrhagic stroke. RESULTS: Compared with the normal BMI group, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), cAIx, and baPWV in the abnormal BMI group were significantly increased (P < 0.05), while TBI and ABI were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that BMI (OR = 1.031, 95%CI: 1.009-1.262), cAIx (OR = 1.214, 95%CI: 1.105-1.964), TBI (OR = 0.913, 95%CI: 0.885-0.967), baPWV (OR = 1.344, 95%CI: 1.142-2.147), and ABI (OR = 0.896, 95%CI: 0.811-0.989) are important factors for the occurrence of hemorrhagic stroke in the elderly hypertensive patients. ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of cAIx, TBI, baPWV, ABI, and BMI were 0.914, 0.797, 0.934, 0.833, and 0.608, respectively. The final prediction model of hemorrhagic stroke elderly hypertensive patients was Y(P)= 65.424 + 0.307(cAIx) - 13.831(TBI) + 0.012(baPWV) - 0.110(ABI) + 0.339(BMI). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is associated with decreased arterial elasticity. Therefore, reasonable weight management of the elderly may be of great significance for reducing the risk of hemorrhagic stroke in patients with hypertension.


Assuntos
Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , AVC Hemorrágico/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/diagnóstico , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Rigidez Vascular , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , AVC Hemorrágico/epidemiologia , AVC Hemorrágico/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043888

RESUMO

Objective: Young patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) make up a small but important subgroup of patients with ICH. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of hypertensive ICH in very young (18-45 years) and young (46-55 years) patients.Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients aged 18-55 years with hypertensive ICH admitted to a hospital from April 2014 to April 2019. Clinical and radiologic features as well as long-term clinical outcomes were compared between 2 age groups: group 1 (18-45 years) and group 2 (46-55 years). Factors affecting the clinical outcome were investigated as well.Results: Of 63 patients with hypertensive ICH, 24 (38.1%) were in group 1 (mean ± SD age of 38 ± 4.6 years), and 39 (61.9%) were in group 2 (50 ± 2.5 years). The risk factor profile was similar except for diabetes, which was more prevalent in group 1 (odds ratio [OR] = 4.65; 95% CI, 1.4-15.2). Patients in group 1 had higher mean ± SD NIH Stroke Scale scores (15.7 ± 4.6, P = .044), had lower Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores (OR = 3.33; 95% CI, 1.0-10.8), were at higher risk of intubation (OR = 2.79; 95% CI, 1.1-9.9), and had higher ICH volume (21 ± 18, P = .034). Worse clinical outcome was higher in group 1 (OR = 5.14; 95% CI, 1.0-26.1). Low GCS score, mean hematoma volume, and intraventricular extension were independently associated with worse outcome.Conclusions: Relatively young patients with hypertensive ICH have higher prevalence of diabetes and worse clinical outcome in comparison to older patients with hypertensive ICH. Such patients should be monitored and treated more aggressively.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(9): 620-623, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685042

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy for treating hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) via lateral fissure and insula approach. Methods: The clinical data of 66 patients with HICH in basal ganglia who underwent intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy via lateral fissure and insula approach for hematoma evacuation were retrospectively analyzed, including operative data and follow-up results. All patients had no brain hernia before operation. The hematoma was located by the ultrasound and then the path into the hematoma cavity was determined. Meanwhile, the residual hematoma was also detected by using the ultrasound. The clearance rate of hematoma was observed by CT. Barthel index was used to evaluate the activity of daily living. Results: The amount of residual hematoma was less than 10% in 63 ases and 10%-20% in 3 cases. There were 11 cases of postoperative pneumonia, of whom 9 cases underwent percutaneous tracheotomy. Rebleeding occurred in 2 cases, but the amount was small, and there was no need for reoperation. Meanwhile, there was 1 case of secondary intracranial infection and 1 case of secondary hydrocephalus. No case of cerebral contusion was reported. Half a year after the operation, Barthel Index grading showed that there were 3 cases of grade I, 25 cases of grade Ⅱ, 34 cases of grade Ⅲ, 3 cases of grade Ⅳ and 1 case of death, respectively. Conclusions: Intraoperative ultrasound-assisted neuroendoscopy via lateral fissure and insula approach can improve the efficacy and safety of treatment for HICH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Neuroendoscopia , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Craniotomia , Hematoma , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24737, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607818

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Early hematoma expansion of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage is affected by various factors. This study aimed to clarify the risk factors and develop a nomogram to predict early hematoma expansion.A retrospective analysis was carried out in patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage admitted to our institution between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2018; the patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of early hematoma expansion. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to analyze the risk factors of hematoma expansion. The nomogram was developed based on a multivariate logistic regression model, and the discriminative ability of the model was analyzed.A total of 477 patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage and with a baseline hematoma volume <30 ml were included in our retrospective analysis. The hematoma expansion rate was 34.2% (163/477). After multivariate logistic regression, 9 variables (alcohol history, Glasgow coma scale score, total serum calcium, blood glucose, international normalized ratio, hematoma shape, hematoma density, volume of hematoma on initial computed tomography scan, and presence of intraventricular hemorrhage) identified as independent predictors of hematoma expansion were used to generate the nomogram. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the nomogram was 0.883 (95% confidence interval 0.851-0.914), and the cutoff score was -0.19 with sensitivity of 75.5% and specificity of 87.3%.The nomogram can accurately predict the risk of early hematoma expansion.


Assuntos
Hematoma/etiologia , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/complicações , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
14.
Brain Behav ; 11(5): e02085, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage remains a major cause of death and disability throughout the world. We tried to establish accurate long-term outcome prediction models for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) using CT radiomics and machine learning. METHODS: In a retrospective study of 270 patients with HICH between June 2013 and June 2018, CT images and patients' 6-month outcome based on the modified Rankin Scale were collected. Hematomas on CT images were selected as volumes of interests (VOIs), and 1,029 radiomics features of the VOIs were extracted. Based on correlations with patients' outcome, radiomics features underwent dimensionality reduction analyses. Then, the support vector machine (SVM), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), logistic regression (LR), decision tree (DT), random forest (RF), and XGBoost algorithms were applied with the screened features to establish prognostic prediction models of HICH. Accuracies of all models were compared. RESULTS: Eighteen radiomics features were screened as prognosis-associated radiomics signature of HICH based on the variance threshold, SelectKBest, and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression models. Patients were randomly allocated into training (n = 215) and validation (n = 55) sets. Accuracies of all 6 machine learning algorithms in the validation set exceeded 80%. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in the validation set were 93.3%, 92.5%, and 92.7% for the RF model and 92.3%, 88.1%, and 89.1% for the XGBoost model, respectively, which were the best two among all models. CONCLUSIONS: Taking advantage of radiomics and machine learning, we established accurate prognostic prediction models of HICH. The RF model and XGBoost model returned the best accuracies.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e24213, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33546039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) is the most serious complication of hypertension. Clearing intracranial hematoma as soon as possible, reducing brain cell edema, and controlling intracranial pressure could effectively reduce neuron damage, lower patient mortality, and improve patient prognosis. At present, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been widely used and plays an important role in the treatment of HICH. However, it is still in controversies about the choice of surgical treatment and medication treatment for HICH. Therefore, we try to conduct a randomized, controlled, prospective trial to observe the efficacy of MIS treatment against HICH compared with medication treatment. METHODS: Patients will be randomly divided into treatment group and control group in a 1:1 ratio using the random number generator in Microsoft Excel. Stereotactic soft channel minimally invasive intracranial hematoma puncture and drainage treatment and medication treatment will be applied respectively. The outcomes of intracerebral hemorrhage volume, Glasgow coma scale, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale will be recorded. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study will be helpful for the choice of MIS and conservative treatment when treating HICH patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: OSF Registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/ME6Y5.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/tratamento farmacológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Brain Behav ; 11(2): e01969, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242234

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relationship between poststroke fatigue (PSF) and serum Cystatin C (Cys-C) levels in hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) patients has not been determined. In this study, we investigated the association between serum Cys-C levels and PSF in HICH patients. METHODS: A total of 125 patients with HICH were enrolled. Fatigue assessment was performed 6 months after HICH onset. The presence of PSF was defined as Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) of 4 or more. Serum Cys-C levels were measured within 24 hr after admission. The correlation between FSS score and Cys-C level was analyzed by Spearman's correlation. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for PSF were calculated using Cys-C values. RESULTS: Of enrolled 125 patients in the study, 36.0% who developed PSF were divided to the PSF group, which had higher Cys-C levels compared with the no-PSF group. There was significant positive correlation between FSS score and serum Cys-C level. Receiver operating characteristic curves for PSF revealed an area under the curve of 0.86 for Cys-C. High admission Cys-C (>0.75mg/L) yielded specificity of 93.7%, positive predictive value of 87.5%, and negative predictive value of 88.2%. In multivariate analysis, Cys-C increased by 1 mg/dl (0.1 mg/L), and the risk of PSF in patients increased by 2.55 times (odds ratio = 2.55, 95% CI: 1.65-3.95, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: High Cys-C levels have predictive value for PSF and can be used as one screening indicator for PSF occurrence.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Cistatina C , Fadiga/etiologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(1): e77-e80, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical effect of small bone-window craniotomy with microscope combined postoperative ICP monitoring, and further explore an appropriate treatment for HICH patients. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients with HICH were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and divided into 3 groups at random, 50 each group. Patients in 3 groups were treated with conventional craniotomy, small bone-window craniotomy and small bone-window craniotomy combined ICP monitoring respectively. The surgical efficiency, treatment effect and outcomes were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The intraoperative blood loss and operation time of small window groups were significantly less than that of conventional group, and the hematoma clearance rate in small window groups were significantly higher than in conventional group (P < 0.05). Compared with conventional group, the hospital stays and mannitol dose used were less in small window groups and least in small window combined ICP monitoring group (P < 0.05). The complication rate in small window combined ICP monitoring group was 10%, which was significantly lower than in conventional group (26%, P < 0.05), while no significant difference was found between small window group (18%) compared with the other 2 groups respectively (P > 0.05). The difference of morality rate between 3 groups wasn't significant (P > 0.05). Three treatment significantly increased the Barthel index score, and the improvement of small window combined ICP monitoring group was significantly higher than in other 2 groups respectively (P < 0.05), while the difference between this two groups wasn't significant (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Small bone-window craniotomy is more efficient and convenient than conventional craniotomy in the treatment of HICH. In the meantime, small bone-window craniotomy simultaneous with ICP monitoring significantly improved clinical effect and treatment outcomes of HICH patients.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Pressão Intracraniana , Crânio , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Neurocrit Care ; 34(1): 259-270, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stereotactic minimally invasive surgery (sMIS) has been used in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in recent years and has obtained promising results. However, the outcomes of patients are associated with many factors. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively observe the relationship between hematoma shape features and the outcome of patients with spontaneous ICH following sMIS. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three patients with hypertensive ICH who underwent sMIS were enrolled. Based on hematoma shape features, the patients were assigned to a regular-shaped hematoma group (RSH group, including 121 patients) or an irregular-shaped hematoma group (ISH group, including 62 patients). The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score were assessed on admission and at 1 week and 2 weeks after surgery. The rates of severe pulmonary infection, cardiac complications, and postoperative rebleeding during the hospital stay were also recorded for comparison. The functional outcome assessed by using the modified Rankin scale score was determined at discharge. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for predictors of good outcome in patients with ICH who underwent sMIS. A receiver operating characteristic curve was also used to confirm the results. RESULTS: Compared to the ISH group, the RSH group showed increased median GCS scores at one week and two weeks after surgery. The RSH group showed significantly decreased NIHSS scores at one week and two weeks after surgery compared with the ISH group at the same time point. Significant differences in the GCS score and the NIHSS score at 1 week (P < 0.05) and 2 weeks (P < 0.05) after surgery were observed between the RSH group and the ISH group. The RSH group showed lower rates of severe pulmonary infection, heart failure, and postoperative rehemorrhage than the ISH group (P < 0.05). Of the total patients with good outcomes, the RSH group accounted for 84.6%, and just 15.4% were from the ISH group. The multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that regular-shaped hematoma (P < 0.0001) was an independent predictor of good outcome. The postoperative residual hematoma volume (P < 0.05) predicted a poor outcome. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of regular-shaped hematomas for the prediction of a favorable outcome in patients were 0.667, 0.846, 0.917, and 0.542, respectively. Additionally, the Youden index was 0.513. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with regular-shaped hematomas exhibited more favorable outcomes. Irregular-shaped hematomas and postoperative residual hematoma volume predicted a poor outcome in patients with ICH following sMIS.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Hematoma/etiologia , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(12): 12789-12800, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35016444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hematoma expansion (HE) is an important risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. This study aimed to establish a nomogram model for predicting HE, and evaluate the model. METHODS: The clinical data and plain computed tomography (CT) scan signs of 341 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage were retrospectively analyzed. According to the development of HE, the patients were divided into an HE group (100 cases) and a non-HE group (241 cases). The clinical data and CT scan signs of the patients in these two groups were compared. Variables that had statistically significant differences were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis to screen for independent predictors of HE and establish a nomogram model. The discrimination, calibration, and clinical practicability of this model were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and a decision curve analysis (DCA), respectively. Finally, the internal validation of this model was performed using the bootstrap method. RESULTS: The time interval from disease onset to the first CT [odds ratio (OR) =0.807, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.665-0.979], volume of the hematoma at the first CT (OR =1.017, 95% CI: 1.001-1.033), irregular shape of the hematoma (OR =2.458, 95% CI: 1.355-4.456), swirl sign (OR =2.308, 95% CI: 1.239-4.298), and blend sign (OR =2.509, 95% CI: 1.304-4.830) were independent predictors of HE (all P<0.05). These factors were used to establish a nomogram model. The area under the ROC curve of the model was 0.762 (95% CI: 0.703-0.821). The results of the Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curves showed that the predictive probabilities of the model fit the actual probabilities well. The DCA results showed that the domain probability range of the model was wide. The internal validation results showed that the C-index was 0.751, and the model's discrimination was good. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram model established in this study had good discrimination, calibration, and clinical practicability. The model could serve as an intuitive and reliable guiding tool for the clinical identification of HE risk of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Hipertensiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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