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1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 242-248, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Online resources are a fundamental source of healthcare information due to the increasing popularity of the internet. Ensuring accuracy and reliability of websites is crucial to improving patient education and enhancing patient outcomes. Inguinal hernia repair is the most commonly performed general surgical procedure worldwide. This study analyses the quality of online patient information about inguinal hernia repair using the Modified Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP) tool. METHODS: A systematic review of online information on inguinal hernia repair was conducted using four search terms: 'inguinal hernia', 'groin hernia', 'inguinal hernia repair' and 'inguinoscrotal hernia'. The top 100 websites for each term identified using Google were assessed using the modified EQIP tool (score 0-36). Websites for the paediatric population or intended for medical professional use were excluded from analysis. FINDINGS: A total of 142 websites were eligible for analysis, 52.8% originating from the UK. The median EQIP score for all websites was 17/36 (interquartile range 14-21). The median EQIP scores for content, identification and structure were 8/18, 2/8 and 8/12, respectively. Complications of inguinal hernia repair were included in 46.5% of websites, with only 9.2% providing complication rates and 14.1% providing information on how complications are handled. CONCLUSION: This study highlights that the current quality of online patient information on inguinal hernia repair is poor, with minimal information available on complications, hindering patients' ability to make informed decisions regarding their healthcare. To improve patient education, there is an immediate need for improved quality online resources to meet international standards.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Criança , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 32(3): 404-408, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35648420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Data is limited on hybrid transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) and hiatal hernia repair in giant paraoesophageal hernia (GPEH). We aimed to assess the safety, patient satisfaction, and symptom resolution following a hybrid paraoesophageal hernia (PEH) repair and TIF in patients with GPEH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All single-session hybrid TIF combined with minimally invasive PEH repair performed between February 2020 and June 2021 were evaluated. Procedures were performed in the operating room under general anesthesia with robotic or laparoscopic PEH repair followed by TIF. RESULTS: Twelve patients underwent combined surgical hiatal hernia repair and TIF. Primary presenting symptoms included heartburn (75.0%), dysphagia (41.7%), and chronic anemia from Cameron's ulcers (16.7%). The mean hernia defect size was 5.0 cm (range 3.0 to 6.0 cm). Hiatal hernia repairs were performed robotically in 7 patients and laparoscopically in 5 patients. The total mean operative time was 254 minutes (range: 180 to 390 min). One patient reported postoperative dysphagia requiring endoscopic dilation postdischarge with a resolution of symptoms. No gas-bloat symptoms were reported. All patients reported complete resolution of presenting symptoms at the time of follow-up. Postoperative mean follow-up for 4 patients at 6 months with upper endoscopy and pH testing showed an intact valve with no evidence of esophagitis or acid reflux. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, hybrid hiatal hernia repair and TIF is a safe and effective therapeutic option for patients with GPEH. This hybrid procedure allows for more expeditious completion of the repair and results in lower rates of postfundoplication dysphagia and gas-bloat. Furthermore, this approach requires a less extensive surgical dissection on the greater curvature of the stomach, thereby minimizing the risk of vagal nerve injury and bleeding from the short gastric vessels.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Hérnia Hiatal , Assistência ao Convalescente , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/cirurgia , Fundoplicatura/métodos , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estômago/cirurgia
3.
Rozhl Chir ; 101(5): 244-249, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667875

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic defects and hernias of the abdominal wall are a common complication of repeated surgical procedures and/or their accompanying complications. Reconstruction of the abdominal wall is difficult in these defects/hernias and debates of an ideal method of treatment have not reached a conclusion. Primary suture is usually impossible. Onlay, inlay, sublay, underlay and IPOM plasty procedures have their limits and often lead to unsatisfactory results. CST (component separation technique) technique is a new therapeutic approach enabling a solution of large defects and hernias of the abdominal wall with very good short-term results. TAR (transversus abdominis release) is a posterior approach in CST. It releases transversus abdominis muscle (MTA) to mobilize the posterior sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle (MRA). TAR preserves MRA and its neurovascular bundle, creates a large space for mesh insertion and allows complex reconstruction of the abdominal wall. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old patient underwent surgery for perforated diverticulitis of colon sigmoideum with diffuse peritonitis. Hartmans operation was performed. The patient was reoperated for colostomy necrosis and fascia dehiscence on the 7th postoperative day. After healing 6 months later, colostomy occlusion was indicated. The operation itself - colorectal anastomosis using an end-to-end circular stapler - was without complications. However, complications occurred in the postoperative period including an intra-abdominal abscess in the lesser pelvis and subsequent destructive phlegmona and necrosis of the abdominal wall, resulting in a non-healing extensive chronic abdominal wall defect. After the failure of conservative treatment, the chronic defect was excised and the abdominal wall was reconstructed using the TAR method. CONCLUSION: TAR is an acceptable method in the treatment of large defects and hernias of the abdominal wall, associated with low perioperative morbidity and low recurrence rates.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Hérnia Ventral , Músculos Abdominais/cirurgia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose/cirurgia , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas
5.
J Am Coll Surg ; 234(6): 1160-1165, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic and robotic ventral hernia repair with intraperitoneal mesh have been demonstrated previously to have comparable 30-day outcomes in the PROVE-IT randomized clinical trial. Here we report our 1-year follow-up of enrolled patients to examine exploratory outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: All patients enrolled in a previously published, registry-based, randomized trial investigating laparoscopic vs robotic ventral hernia repair with intraperitoneal mesh were reviewed. Several exploratory secondary outcomes were assessed: pain intensity (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System [PROMIS 3a]), hernia-specific quality of life (Hernia-Specific Quality of Life Survey [HerQLes]), composite hernia recurrence, and reoperations. RESULTS: A total of 95% (71 of 75) follow-up was achieved: 33 laparoscopic repairs and 38 robotic repairs. Median follow-up time was 12 months [interquartile range 10 to 12 months]. Following regression analysis adjusting for baseline scores, there was no difference in postoperative pain intensity at 1 year (p = 0.94). However, HerQLes scores increased by 12.0 more points following robotic repairs compared to laparoscopic counterparts (95% CI 1.3 to 22.7, p = 0.03). Composite hernia recurrence was 6% (2 of 33) for the laparoscopic cohort and 24% (9 of 38) for the robotic group (p = 0.04). There was no difference in rates of reoperation (p = 0.61). CONCLUSIONS: Our exploratory analyses have identified potential differences in quality of life and recurrence, favoring the robotic and laparoscopic approaches, respectively. These findings warrant further study with larger patient cohorts to verify their potential significance.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Hérnia Ventral/etiologia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas
7.
J Am Coll Surg ; 234(6): 1193-1200, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although inguinal hernia repair in female patients is less common than in male patients, it remains a frequent procedure. The decision to divide or preserve the round ligament has largely been left to surgeon preference, but little data exists about its impact on outcomes. This study aimed to describe current practices for round ligament management and identify the impact of division on surgical and patient-reported outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: The 2013 to 2021 Abdominal Core Health Quality Collaborative database was queried for all female patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair with 30-day patient-reported outcome data available. Comparison groups were created based on round ligament management: round ligament division (RLD) or round ligament preservation (RLP). RESULTS: We identified 1365 female patients who underwent open (36.3%), laparoscopic (34.5%), or robotic (28.2%) repair. Most were non-recurrent (93%) and unilateral (82.6%). The round ligament was divided in 868 (63.6%) and preserved in 497 (36.4%) cases. There were no significant differences in overall complications (RLD 7.1%, RLP 5.2%, p = 0.17), reoperation (RLD 0.5%, RLP 0.2%, p = 0.4), or recurrence (RLD 0.1%, RLP 0.4%, p = 0.28). Mean European Registry for Abdominal Wall Hernias quality of life summary scores were not significantly different at 30 days (RLD 27.2, RLP 27.8) or 6 months (RLD 12.8, RLP 17.1). However, a significant difference was found in terms of mean pain-specific scores at 6 months, with lower pain scores in the RLD group (3 vs 4.7, p < 0.01), which persisted on multivariable analysis (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: RLD is a common practice and is not associated with increased complications or recurrence. Although there is some evidence that RLD may result in decreased pain at 6 months, this must be balanced with potential functional complications of division that are not fully studied in this paper.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Ligamentos Redondos , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Dor/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Ligamentos Redondos/cirurgia
8.
Rev Med Suisse ; 18(786): 1205-1207, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703863

RESUMO

Inguinal hernia repair represents one of the most common operations in general surgery worldwide. It is performed either as open surgery using a transinguinal approach or as minimal invasive procedure using a preperitoneal (endoscopic) or transabdominal (laparoscopic) approach, respectively. A mesh is always placed to reinforce the abdominal wall of the groin. Most interventions are nowadays performed in an ambulatory setting, and a short convalescence with early return to daily activities and work is possible. However, postoperative care is not yet widely standardized, and subsequently, off work periods are still often prolonged up to several weeks. This article provides simple recommendations to shorten postoperative convalescence.


La chirurgie pour hernie inguinale est l'intervention la plus pratiquée en chirurgie viscérale. L'intervention s'effectue par voie endoscopique ou ouverte, avec mise en place d'une prothèse. Pratiquée généralement sur un mode ambulatoire, la cure de hernie inguinale permet un retour aux activités quotidiennes et professionnelles précoces avec un taux de complications faible. Toutefois, le suivi postopératoire est peu standardisé. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer des recommandations simples et pratiques à l'attention des médecins de famille.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Convalescença , Virilha/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Telas Cirúrgicas
9.
J Am Coll Surg ; 235(1): 86-98, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair is commonly performed with a 1 to 2 night hospitalization. Our aim was to compare the feasibility and short-term outcomes of same-day surgery (SDS) laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with an opioid-based anesthesia protocol (OBAP) vs an opioid-free anesthesia protocol (OFAP). STUDY DESIGN: Outcomes and pharmacy costs of repairs with OBAP were compared with OFAP. Values were expressed as median (interquartile range) and costs as means. RESULTS: There were 244 primary laparoscopic repairs. OBAP was used in 191 of 244 (78.3%) vs OFAP in 53 of 244 (21.7%). The length of stay was 1 day (0 to 2) vs 0 days (0 to 1), p = 0.006. There was no difference between the percentage of patients requiring analgesics and dosage between the 2 groups. SDS was planned in 157 and performed in 74 of 122 (60.7%) vs 33 of 35 (94.3%), p < 0.001. The age was 56 years (45 to 63) vs 60 years (56 to 68), p = 0.025. There were more type I hiatal hernia in SDS-OBAP and more type III and IV in SDS-OFAP, p = 0.031. American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status was II (II-III) vs III (II-III), p = 0.045. SDS was not performed in 50 of 157 (31.8%), 48 of 122 (39.3%) vs 2 of 35 (5.7%), p < 0.001. Out of 157 planned SDS, nausea/retching were causes of transition in 19 of 122 (15.6%) vs 0 of 35 (0%), p = 0.020. Multivariable logistic regression showed the odds of SDS were 8.21 times (95% CI 3.10 to 21.71; p < 0.001) greater in OFAP compared with OBAP, adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status, type of hiatal hernia, type of procedure, and duration of the operation. Patients with opioid medication after SDS discharge were 74 of 74 (100%) vs 22 of 33 (66.7%), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Opioid-free anesthesia increases the feasibility of SDS hiatal hernia repair with less perioperative nausea and comparable pain control and pharmacy cost.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Hérnia Hiatal , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Am Coll Surg ; 235(1): 111-118, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703968

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic hernia repair is a common operation performed at all types of hospitals. The variation in costs and repeat episodes of care after this operation is not known. STUDY DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient and State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases for Florida were queried to identify patients undergoing diaphragmatic hernia repair between 2011 and 2018 and the associated inpatient and outpatient encounters within 12 months postoperatively. Hospitals were ranked by cost and grouped into quintiles. All costs and charges were reliability and case-mix adjusted with the use of hierarchical multivariable regression. RESULTS: In total, 8,848 patients underwent diaphragmatic hernia operations at 158 hospitals. The most expensive hospital quintile had lower surgical volume, location in rural settings, and fewer than 100 beds. There was a wide variation in costs after diaphragmatic hernia repair. On unadjusted comparison, index costs were $23,041 more expensive in hospitals in the highest quintile than in the lowest quintile. Cost differences were persistent even after case-mix and reliability adjustment. The variation in adjusted aggregate charges for associated outpatient and inpatient encounters in the first year after the index operation was considerably lower than that of the index hospitalization. CONCLUSION: There is nearly a 2-fold variation in the cost of a diaphragmatic hernia repair across hospitals. Most of the variation occurs during the index surgical encounter and not for repeat encounters during the first postoperative year. As bundled payment models mature, hospitals and payers will need to target this variation to ensure cost-efficiency.


Assuntos
Hérnia Diafragmática , Custos Hospitalares , Cuidado Periódico , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estados Unidos
11.
J Am Coll Surg ; 235(1): 119-127, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current studies evaluating outcomes for open, laparoscopic, and robotic inguinal hernia repair, in general, include small numbers of robotic cases and are not powered to allow a direct comparison of the 3 approaches to repair. STUDY DESIGN: We queried the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database to identify patients undergoing initial elective inguinal hernia repair between 2013 and 2017. Propensity score matching and multivariable logistic regression were used to make risk-adjusted assessments of association between surgical approach and outcome. RESULTS: A total of 39,358 patients underwent initial elective inguinal hernia repair; 32,881 (84%) underwent an open approach, 6,135 (16%) underwent a laparoscopic approach, and 342 (1%) underwent a robotic-assisted approach. Two hundred sixty-six (1%) patients had a recurrent repair performed during follow-up. On univariate comparison, patients undergoing a robotic-assisted approach had longer operative times for unilateral repair than those undergoing either an open or laparoscopic (73 ± 31 vs 74 ± 29 vs 107 ± 41 minutes; p < 0.001) approach. On multivariable logistic regression, patients with a higher BMI had an increased adjusted risk of a postoperative complication, but there was no association between surgical approach and complication rate. Three hundred forty-two patients undergoing robotic repair were 1:3:3 propensity score matched to 1,026 patients undergoing laparoscopic and 1,026 undergoing open repair. On comparison of matched cohorts, there were no statistical differences between approaches regarding recurrence (0.6% vs 0.8% vs 0.6%, p > 0.05) or complication rate (0.6% vs 1.2% vs 1.2%, p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing initial elective inguinal hernia repair, rates of hernia recurrence are low independent of surgical approach. Both robotic and laparoscopic approaches demonstrate rates of early postoperative morbidity and recurrence similar to those for the open approach. The robotic approach is associated with longer operative time than either laparoscopic or open repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
12.
J Am Coll Surg ; 235(1): 128-137, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative telemedicine use has increased as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and may improve access to surgical care. However, studies assessing outcomes in populations at risk for digital-health disparities are lacking. We sought to characterize the pre- and postoperative outcomes for rural patient populations being assessed for hernia repair and abdominal wall reconstruction with telehealth. METHODS: Patients undergoing telehealth evaluation from March 2020 through May 2021 were identified. Rurality was identified by zip code of residence. Rural and urban patients were compared based on demographics, diagnosis, treatment plan, and visit characteristics and outcomes. Downstream care use related to supplementary in-person referral, and diagnostic testing was assessed. RESULTS: Three hundred-seventy-three (196 preoperative, 177 postoperative) telehealth encounters occurred during the study period (rural: 28% of all encounters). Rural patients were more likely to present with recurrent or incisional hernias (90.0 vs 72.7%, p = 0.02) and advanced comorbidities (American Society of Anesthesiologists status score > 2: 73.1 vs 52.1%, p = 0.009). Rural patients derived significant benefits related to time saved commuting, with median distances of 299 and 293 km for pre- and postoperative encounters, respectively. Downstream care use was 6.1% (N = 23) for additional in-person evaluations and 3.4% (N = 13) for further diagnostic testing, with no difference by rurality. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative telehealth can safely be implemented for rural populations seeking hernia repair and may be an effective method for reducing disparities. Downstream care use related to additional in-person referral or diagnostic testing was minimally impacted in both the preoperative and postoperative settings. These findings suggest that rurality should not deter surgeons from providing telemedicine-based surgical consultation for hernia repair.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , COVID-19 , Telemedicina , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta , População Rural
14.
Surg Endosc ; 36(7): 5540-5545, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511343

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An encysted spermatic cord hydrocele (ESCH) causes an inguinal swelling resembling an inguinal hernia (IH). An ESCH should be considered as a differential diagnosis of IH. Although laparoscopic operations have been performed to treat ESCHs in pediatric patients, such operations have not been reported in adults. This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic hydrocelectomy for treatment of ESCHs in adults. METHODS: The medical charts of 49 patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal hydrocelectomy for ESCHs from January 2015 to December 2020 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into those with and without an IH. Laparoscopic hydrocelectomy was performed, and the internal inguinal ring was closed with iliopubic tract repair (IPTR) or transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernioplasty depending on the presence of an IH. The patients' age, ESCH location, postoperative complications, recurrence, and operating time were examined. RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 46.7 (20-77) years. All patients underwent laparoscopic hydrocelectomy without open conversion. ESCHs were more common on the right side (35/49, 71.4%) than on the left (14/49, 28.6%). The presenting symptom in all patients was inguinal swelling. The ESCH was located inside the inguinal canal in 47 patients and protruded to the abdominal cavity from the inguinal canal in 2 patients. After laparoscopic hydrocelectomy, 32 patients without an IH underwent IPTR and 17 patients with an IH underwent TAPP hernioplasty. The mean operating time was shorter in the IPTR than TAPP hernioplasty group. The postoperative complications and hospital stay were not different between the two groups. There were no recurrences in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic hydrocelectomy with IPTR or TAPP hernioplasty is safe and feasible for treatment of ESCHs in adults.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Cordão Espermático , Hidrocele Testicular , Adulto , Criança , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cordão Espermático/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Hidrocele Testicular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 32(3): 373-379, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35583552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conversion is a surgical concern because the surgical technique can change during surgery. Surprisingly, there is no study in the literature on the causes and risk factors leading to conversion in laparoscopic total extraperitoneal inguinal repair (TEP). There is also no consensus on the prevention and causes of this condition in TEP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors underlying the development of conversion during TEP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 962 consecutive patients who underwent TEP between May 2016 and May 2021. All data were collected retrospectively. The outcomes of patients who converted to open surgery were compared with those without conversion. Multivariate analysis identified independent risk factors for conversion. RESULTS: The overall incidence of conversion was 4.05% (n=39). The median age was 42 years (18 to 83) and body mass index was 25.2 kg/m2 (15.67 to 32.9). Significant clinical factors associated with conversion included old age, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, large peritoneal tear (PT), Charlson comorbidity index, previous surgery, large hernial defects, presence of scrotal hernia, and the defect size of inguinal hernia. Multivariate analysis identified independent risk factors for conversion: large hernial defect, large PT, previous lower abdominal surgery, previous hernia surgery, and scrotal hernia. CONCLUSION: Conversion is a minor complication seen during TEP and its incidence varies depending on many factors. Previous lower abdominal surgery and a large PT carries a 6-fold increased risk for conversion from laparoscopic to open surgery during TEP.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Adulto , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 38(7): 1083-1088, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic hernia repair has not gained widespread acceptance. Relatively high recurrence rate is a major cause. To reduce recurrence, we report a novel modification of laparoscopic percutaneous inguinal hernia repair in children by a retrospective cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between February 2020 and August 2021, children who underwent a laparoscopic percutaneous inguinal hernia repair with our modified technique were retrospectively evaluated. In our modification, we included the medial inguinal ligament in the Direct ligation of the internal ring incorporating the medial umbilical ligament (DIRIM): a new modification for laparoscopic percutaneous inguinal hernia repair in children. By doing so, the medial ligament is expected to act like a flep that reinforces the repair and prevent the peritoneal shearing and migration of the ligature. RESULTS: In total, 35 children were enrolled in the study with 23 boys and 12 girls. Right inguinal hernia (n = 23) was more common than left hernia (n = 10), while bilateral cases (n = 2) were less common. The median age of the patients was 38 months and median operative time was 30 min. An extraperitoneal hematoma was encountered in one patient that did not affect the postoperative course. No other intraoperative complication was encountered. No recurrence was observed during a median follow-up of 1 month. CONCLUSIONS: Our modification of laparoscopic percutaneous hernia repair is a simple and reproducible technique that may have a place in the armamentarium of a pediatric surgeons. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 49: e20223172, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588534

RESUMO

Abdominal wall (AW) hernias are a common problem faced by general surgeons. With an essentially clinical diagnosis, abdominal hernias have been considered a simple problem to be repaired. However, long-term follow-up of patients has shown disappointing results, both in terms of complications and recurrence. In this context, preoperative planning with control of comorbidities and full knowledge of the hernia and its anatomical relationships with the AW has gained increasing attention. Computed tomography (CT) appears to be the best option to determine the precise size and location of abdominal hernias, presence of rectus diastase and/or associated muscle atrophy, as well as the proportion of the hernia in relation to the AW itself. This information might help the surgeon to choose the best surgical technique (open vs MIS), positioning and fixation of the meshes, and eventual need for application of botulinum toxin, preoperative pneumoperitoneum or component separation techniques. Despite the relevance of the findings, they are rarely described in CT scans as radiologists are not used to report findings of the AW as well as to know what information is really needed. For these reasons, we gathered a group of surgeons and radiologists to establish which information about the AW is important in a CT. Finally, a structured report is proposed to facilitate the description of the findings and their interpretation.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Hérnia Ventral , Cirurgiões , Parede Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(5)2022 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589262

RESUMO

Preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum has represented an important advancement in achieving the reintroduction of large herniated volumes into the abdominal cavity. However, this technique is not free of complications. We present a case of a man in his 70s with an accidental peritoneal-cutaneous fistula, secondary to the excessive pressure of the pneumoperitoneum, during the preparation of a large incisional hernia with loss of domain intervention.


Assuntos
Fístula Cutânea , Hérnia Ventral , Hérnia Incisional , Insuflação , Pneumoperitônio , Fístula Cutânea/etiologia , Fístula Cutânea/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Peritônio/cirurgia , Pneumoperitônio/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumoperitônio/etiologia , Pneumoperitônio/cirurgia , Pneumoperitônio Artificial/efeitos adversos , Pneumoperitônio Artificial/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos
19.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 32(5): 561-565, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501952

RESUMO

Introduction: While laparoscopy is now widely accepted for inguinal hernia repair in infants, it traditionally has required general anesthesia. We sought to evaluate the safety of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in infants under spinal anesthesia. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all inguinal hernia repairs at a single institution between December 2011 and June 2019 in patients younger than 6 months of age. Four groups were compared: laparoscopic under general anesthesia, laparoscopic with spinal anesthesia, open with spinal anesthesia, and open under general anesthesia. Main outcome measures include operative time, cost, and postoperative outcomes. These were assessed using Kruskal-Wallis median comparison. Results: Of the 226 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 54% (122/226) of patients underwent general anesthesia, while 46% (104/226) had spinal. When compared to general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia was associated with significantly shorter procedure times (P < .01) and lower cost (P < .01) for both open and laparoscopic approaches. Complications were few and underpowered to calculate significance across each group. Conclusions: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair can be safely performed in infants under spinal anesthesia without significant compromise of early perioperative outcomes. Advantages may include shorter procedure time and lower cost.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Laparoscopia/métodos , Ligadura , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(20): e29320, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35608433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Ketorolac tromethamine combined with dezocine prior administration on hemodynamics and postoperative sedation in patients undergoing laparoscopic hernia repair. METHODS: 100 male patients aged 60 to 80 years old, a line to elective laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, were randomly divided into four groups: control group (Group A) and dezocine group (Group B), ketorolac tromethamine group (Group C), ketorolac tromethamine combined with dezocine group (Group D). Patients were administrated with 0.1 mg/kg dezocine in Group B, 0.5 mg/kg ketorolac in Group C, 0.1 mg/kg dezocine, and 0.5 mg/kg ketorolac in Group D, and with an equal dose of normal saline in group A. The heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) of patients in 4 groups were recorded at each time point as follows, T0 (enter the operating room), T1 (before skin resection), 10 min after pneumoperitoneum (T2), mesh placement (T3), and laryngeal mask extraction (T4). Operation time, awakening time (time from drug withdrawal to consciousness recovery), the dosage of propofol, sufentanil, remifentanil, and intraoperative vasoactive drug dosage were recorded to compare. Visual analog scale score and sedation Ramsay score were evaluated 1, 6, 12, and 24 hours after extubation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in operation time, anesthesia recovery time, sufentanil dosage, and vasoactive drugs among all groups. The amount of propofol in Group B and D was less than that in Group A and C (P < .05), and there was no difference between Group B and D, A and C (P > .05). The amount of remifentanil in Group B, C, and D was less than that in Group A (P < .05), and Group D was less than B and C (P < .05). After extubation, HR and MAP were significantly higher than before (P < .05). Compared with T0, HR and MAP increased in each group at T4, but MAP and HR in Group D increased the least (P < .05). There were significant differences between Group B, C, D, and A, MAP and HR fluctuated little during extubation (P < .05), but there was a significant difference between Group D and B, C (P < .05). Visual analog scale scores of Group B, C, and D were lower than those of A at 1, 6, and 12 hours after surgery (P < .05), and there was a significant difference between Group D, and B, C (P < .05). Ramsay scores in Group B and D were higher than those in A and C at 1 and 6 hours after the operation (P < .05). There was no difference in the incidence of adverse reactions among groups. CONCLUSION: The prophylactic use of ketorolac tromethamine and dezocine before laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair can reduce hemodynamic disorder during anesthesia recovery, increase postoperative sedative and analgesic effects.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Propofol , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes , Hemodinâmica , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Cetorolaco , Cetorolaco de Trometamina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Remifentanil , Sufentanil , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos
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