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2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 79-83, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105260

RESUMO

Esophagocardiomyotomy followed by anterior fundoplication is a standard treatment of achalasia cardia, whereas cruroraphy with complete or partial posterior fundoplication is carried out for hiatal hernia and gastroesophageal reflux disease. The most common postoperative complications of hiatal hernia repair are dysphagia due to malformed cuff, phenomenon of 'telescope' and slow gastric emptying syndrome. Recurrent hiatal hernia is observed in 3-15% of cases. Currently, there are a lot of reports devoted to redo antireflux procedures in patients with hiatal hernia. The goal of the study is to demonstrate difficulties of diagnosis and treatment in a patient with achalasia cardia after previous hiatal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Acalasia Esofágica , Hérnia Hiatal , Herniorrafia , Laparoscopia , Cárdia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Acalasia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Acalasia Esofágica/etiologia , Fundoplicatura , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(3): e70-e72, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859522

RESUMO

Postoperative femoral nerve palsy with nerve division is a potentially devastating complication with a poor prognosis, especially when there is a delay in diagnosis. We present a novel 'belt and braces' approach for managing this unusual injury, using a modification of a nerve transfer, which has only been previously reported in the literature three times to our knowledge.


Assuntos
Nervo Femoral/lesões , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Transferência de Nervo/métodos , Nervo Obturador/cirurgia , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paralisia/etiologia , Paralisia/cirurgia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18192, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804338

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Tension-free repair of inguinal hernia with prosthetic materials in adults has become a routine surgical procedure. However, serious complications may arise such as mesh displacement, infection, and even enterocutaneous fistula (EF). The management of chronic mesh infection (CMI) complicated by an EF is very challenging. A simple treatment of infected mesh removal and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) may cure the patients with EF with CMI. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 75-year-old male patient underwent tension-free treatment for a bilateral inguinal hernia at a county hospital 10 years ago. Three months before admission, the right groin gradually formed a skin sinus with outflow of fetid thin pus, and it could not heal. DIAGNOSES: The patient was diagnosed preoperatively with mesh plug adhesion to the intestine, which resulted in low-flow EF combined with CMI. INTERVENTIONS: The patient received a simple treatment mode consisting of an incision made from the original incision, but the new incision did not penetrate the abdominal cavity; treatment included resection of the fistula, removal of the mesh, repair of the intestine and local tissue, and continuous irrigation of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) devices for NPWT. OUTCOMES: The infected mesh was completely removed. Five VSD devices were utilized to treat the EF and wound. The time from intervention to wound healing was 35 days, and follow-up for 6 months revealed no infection and no hernia recurrence in the right groin. LESSONS: The NPWT is effective in treating CMI concomitant with EF and does not increase the risk of hernia recurrence.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Fístula Intestinal/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Idoso , Remoção de Dispositivo , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/microbiologia
5.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(6): 611-615, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia affects 3-8% of the population. Femoral hernias are only a small number of groin hernias; however, femoral hernias are very important because these operations are generally emergency procedures, and bowel resections are frequently necessary. This study aims to compare surgical outcomes of patients with femoral hernias using different techniques under emergency or elective conditions. METHODS: Between April 2013 and November 2017, 52 patients with femoral hernias were admitted to the emergency department of the General Surgery Clinics at two university hospitals in Istanbul. The medical files of all the patients who underwent surgery with a diagnosis of a femoral hernia were retrospectively evaluated. The demographic data, hernia side information, sac contents, surgical technique, length of hospital stay, recurrence according to the last outpatient clinic and complications were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The sex distribution of the cases was as follows: 88.5% (n=46) of the patients were female, and 11.5% (n=6) were male. The mean age was 62.9±16.49 years (31-91 years). There were no significant differences between the two groups, according to the hernia side (p=0.282). Thirteen of the elective cases (52%) were operated using open techniques, and 12 cases (48%) were operated using laparoscopic techniques. CONCLUSION: For the comparison of surgical techniques and outcomes, prospective randomized studies should be designed to standardize broad-based surgical techniques.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Tratamento de Emergência , Hérnia Femoral , Herniorrafia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Tratamento de Emergência/efeitos adversos , Tratamento de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hérnia Femoral/epidemiologia , Hérnia Femoral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
6.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(6): 1163-1176, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676055

RESUMO

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) will often require abdominal surgical intervention for indications not directly related to their IBD. Because these patients often have a history of multiple previous abdominal operations and/or ostomies, they are at increased risk for incisional and parastomal hernias. They may also have develop symptomatic cholelithiasis, chronic pain, or desmoid disease. All of these potentially surgical issues may require special consideration in the IBD population.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/cirurgia , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fibromatose Agressiva/diagnóstico , Fibromatose Agressiva/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/diagnóstico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Telas Cirúrgicas , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 985-991, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638511

RESUMO

Radiologic indicators of sarcopenia have been associated with adverse operative outcomes in some surgical populations. This study assesses the association of radiologic indicators of frailty with outcomes after open ventral hernia repair (OVHR). A prospective, institutional, hernia-specific database was queried for patients undergoing OVHR from 2007 to 2018 with preoperative CT. Psoas muscle cross-sectional area at L3 was measured and adjusted for height (skeletal muscle index (SMI)). L3 vertebral body density (L3 VBD) was measured. Demographics and outcomes were evaluated as related to SMI and L3 VBD. Of 1178 patients, 9.7 per cent of females and 15.8 per cent of males had sarcopenia and 11.6 per cent of females and 9.2 per cent of males had osteopenia. Neither sarcopenia nor osteopenia were associated with outcomes of wound infection, readmission, reoperation, hernia recurrence, or major complications. When examined as continuous variables or by quartile, SMI and L3 VBD were not associated with adverse outcomes, including in subsets of male or female patients, the elderly, contaminated cases, and the obese. Radiologic markers of sarcopenia and osteopenia are not associated with adverse outcomes after OVHR. Further study should examine age or other potential predictors of outcomes in this patient population, such as independent status.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/complicações , Hérnia Ventral/complicações , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Sarcopenia/complicações , Idoso , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Músculos Psoas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 1001-1009, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638514

RESUMO

Emergent surgeries have different causes and physiologic patient responses than the same elective surgery, many of which are due to infectious etiologies. Therefore, we hypothesized that emergency cases have a higher risk of postoperative SSI than their elective counterparts. The ACS NSQIP database was queried from 2005 to 2016 for all cholecystectomies, ventral hernia repairs, and partial colectomies to examine common emergency and elective general surgery operations. Thirty-day outcomes were compared by emergent status. Any SSI was the primary outcome. There were 863,164 surgeries: 416,497 cholecystectomies, 220,815 ventral hernia repairs, and 225,852 partial colectomies. SSIs developed in 38,865 (4.5%) patients. SSIs increased with emergencies (5.3% vs 3.6% for any SSI). Postoperative sepsis (5.8% vs 1.5%), septic shock (4.7% vs 0.6%), length of stay (8.1 vs 2.9 days), and mortality (3.6% vs 0.4%) were increased in emergent surgery; P < 0.001 for all. When controlling for age, gender, BMI, diabetes, smoking, wound classification, comorbidities, functional status, and procedure on multivariate analysis, emergency surgery (odds ratio 1.15, 95% confidence interval 1.11-1.19) was independently associated with the development of SSI. Patients undergoing emergency general surgery experience increased rates of SSI. Patients and their families should be appropriately counseled regarding these elevated risks when consenting for emergency surgery.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Colecistectomia/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia/normas , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/normas , Feminino , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/normas , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
9.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1099-1103, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657302

RESUMO

Foley catheters (FCs) are often used during inguinal hernia operations; however, the impact of intraoperative FC use on postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is not well understood. We reviewed unplanned returns to the urgent care or ED for 27,012 inguinal hernia operations across 15 Southern California Kaiser Permanente medical centers over 6.5 years. In total, 239 (0.88%) patients returned to urgent care/ED with POUR [235 (98%) men versus 4 (2%) women]. Overall, POUR increased with age (P < 0.00001). POUR was higher in open repairs using general anesthesia versus local with monitored anesthesia care (0.7% vs 0.3%, P < 0.0001). Of 5,017 laparoscopic operations, 28 per cent had FC use. Although POUR was greater for laparoscopic versus open operations (2.21 vs 0.58%, P < 0.00001), there was no difference in POUR for intraoperative FC versus no FC use in the laparoscopic approach (2.36% vs 2.15%, P = 0.33). For all laparoscopic operations, there was no difference in urinary tract infection within 7 or 30 days when comparing intraoperative FC versus no FC use (P = 0.28). POUR can be minimized by avoiding general anesthesia for open inguinal hernia repairs, but intraoperative FC use does not affect POUR or urinary tract infection rates for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Cateteres Urinários/efeitos adversos , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , California/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cateteres Urinários/estatística & dados numéricos , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia
10.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1159-1161, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657315

RESUMO

There are conflicting views regarding techniques for repair of small umbilical hernias (UHs). Here, we compare the recurrence rate in primary repair with that reported for mesh repair by examining a single surgeon's practice at a large medical center with a comprehensive electronic medical record. A six-year retrospective review of primary UH repairs between January 2012 and December 2017 at Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center was undertaken. Patients were identified through a database search of the electronic medical record. The primary endpoint of UH recurrence was examined; median follow-up was 3.4 years. Primary, elective UH repair was performed in 244 patients; 71 per cent of hernias were small (<2 cm). The total number of recurrences was seven (3%). The t test analysis showed significant differences in the average size of hernia defects between those with recurrences (2 cm) and those without (1.4 cm), P < 0.05. Primary repair affords low infection and recurrence rates, comparable to those reported for mesh repair. Our single-surgeon/large-volume study contributes to the evidence that primary UH repair is a safe and durable method, with low risk of recurrence. The use of absorbable monofilament suture, and selection for lower BMI and smaller hernia sizes proved to be effective.


Assuntos
Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , California , Feminino , Hérnia Umbilical/patologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Suturas , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
11.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1189-1193, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657322

RESUMO

Paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair is typically performed electively. Complex PEHs (obstructed or gangrenous) require more urgent repair and can have significant complications. Although elective repair is primarily laparoscopic, limited data are available on the use of laparoscopy for complex cases. Patients undergoing complex PEH repair were identified from the NSQIP database, and predictors of morbidity and mortality were compared for 2473 laparoscopic and 861 open repairs. Compared with the laparoscopic approach, emergent surgeries (36.7% vs 10.8%, P < 0.001) and preoperative sepsis (22.9% vs 7.4%, P < 0.001) were more common in the open group. Operative times were shorter for open repairs (152.6 vs 172.2 minutes, P = 0.03). However, open repair was associated with increased morbidity (28.2% vs 11%, P < 0.001) and mortality (5.2% vs 1.4%, P < 0.001), likely because of higher rates of preoperative comorbidities in the open group. On multivariable regression analysis, preoperative sepsis was associated with increased mortality and morbidity, whereas laparoscopic repair was associated with decreased morbidity. If laparoscopic repair can be safely completed, it is associated with decreased morbidity, despite longer operative times.


Assuntos
Doenças do Esôfago/cirurgia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/mortalidade , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Idoso , Emergências/epidemiologia , Feminino , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Morbidade , Duração da Cirurgia , Análise de Regressão , Sepse/epidemiologia
12.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1198-1203, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657324

RESUMO

Overdose of opioids is the number one cause of accidental death in the United States, and surgeons are overprescribing these medications. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of implementing postoperative opioid prescribing guidelines for general surgery procedures at a public hospital, where patients have lower socioeconomic status, public insurance, and limited access to care. We implemented a quality improvement project, which included in-service training for surgical staff and distribution of standardized guidelines. An infographic for patients was created to facilitate education on postoperative pain management. Pre- and postintervention opioid prescriptions and emergency room visits were compared for patients undergoing common general surgery procedures (inguinal hernia repair, appendectomy, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy). The median number of narcotic pills prescribed significantly decreased from 30 (n = 64) to 15 (n = 63) after the intervention (P < 0.0001). Morphine milligram equivalents decreased from a median [range] of 150 [20,600] to 90 [5,300] (P < 0.0001). The percentage of patients with postoperative pain-related emergency department visits remained low (1.6%). Standardization of postoperative opioid prescription practices was successfully implemented at a public hospital without an increase in the number of emergency room visits for pain.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/normas , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Melhoria de Qualidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17078, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651835

RESUMO

To investigate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair in patients with inguinal hernia accompanied by liver cirrhosis.Between October 2015 and May 2018, 17 patients with liver cirrhosis who underwent TEP repair were included in this study. The baseline characteristics, perioperative data, and recurrence were retrospectively reviewed.Seventeen patients with a mean duration of 18.23 ± 16.80 months were enrolled. All TEP repairs were successful without conversion to trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) surgery or open repair, but 4 patients had peritoneum rupture during dissection. The mean operation time was 54.23 ±â€Š10.51 minutes for unilateral hernia and 101.25 ±â€Š13.77 minutes for bilateral hernias. We found 2 cases with contralateral inguinal hernia and 2 cases with obturator hernia during surgery. The rate of complication was 17.65% (3/17), 2 of 3 cases were Child-Turcotte-Pugh C with large ascites. During a follow-up of 19.29 ±â€Š9.01 months, no patients had recurrence and chronic pain, but 2 patients died because of the progression of underlying liver disease.Early and elective inguinal hernia repair is feasible and effective for patients with liver cirrhosis. TEP is a feasible and safe repair option for cirrhotic patients in experienced hands.


Assuntos
Ascite/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Ascite/complicações , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/etiologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peritônio/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17545, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy still exists regarding the efficiency and safety of ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve (II/IH) block versus transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for pain management after inguinal hernia repair. The purpose of the current meta-analysis was to perform a relatively credible and comprehensive assessment to compare the efficiency and safety of II/IH versus TAP for pain management after inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: The PUBMED, CENTRAL, and EMBASE were systematically searched. Studies comparing II/IH versus TAP for pain management in adult patients undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy were included. The results of this study are synthesized and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. RESULTS: Six studies with 632 patients were included in this study. No statistically significant difference was observed between the II/IH and TAP groups in postoperative opioid use, the time to first request for rescue analgesia, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), incidence of complication related with nerve blocks and patient satisfaction. The TAP group had a significantly higher pain score at 6 and 8 hours postoperatively (6 hours: mean difference [MD] = 0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.22, I = 0%, P < .01; 8 hours: MD = 1.02, 95% CI 0.3-1.74, I = 59%, P < .01). However, no statistically significant difference was observed at 1, 2, 4, 12, 24, 48 hours, and 6 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: In general, this meta-analysis revealed that both approaches have similar postoperative opioid consumption and no significant difference in postoperative complication and patient satisfaction. The II/IH block provides excellent analgesic effects at 6 and 8 hours after inguinal herniorrhaphy in compared with the TAP block. However, more high-quality randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-up are still required to make the conclusion.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Plexo Hipogástrico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia/etiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1201-1207, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inguinal hernioplasty techniques have been improved since the first hernioplasty. Tension-free techniques that apply synthetic mesh materials, as in the Lichtenstein approach, are the gold standard. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is the strongest alternative to Lichtenstein. The superiority of laparoscopic hernioplasty over Lichtenstein is a major topic of debate. In this study, we aimed to find a conclusion to this debate by comparing our totally extraperitoneal (TEP) experiences with Lichtenstein experiences. METHODS: Patients who underwent inguinal hernioplasty at the Gulhane Training and Research Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The sample included 96 TEP and 90 Lichtenstein patients for a total of 186 patients. The variables assessed were hospitalization duration, postoperative early visual analog scale score, chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications. Data were collected from patient records and via telephone questionnaire if needed. Data analysis was done by SPSS v20, using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: Male/female ratios were similar between the TEP and Lichtenstein groups. There was no difference in mean age between groups (p=0.1). The hospital stay was shorter (p=0.0001), and early postoperative visual analog scale score was lower in the TEP group (p=0.003). Chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications (hematoma, seroma, wound infection) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: TEP is superior to Lichtenstein with shorter hospitalization duration and lower rates of early postoperative pain. No difference between the two techniques was found for chronic pain. We believe that laparoscopic hernioplasty approach may be the best alternative technique for inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Parestesia/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 38-43, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To optimize surgical approach in patients with large and giant postoperative ventral hernias through an analysis of early and long-term results of modern techniques of hernia repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 680 patients with postoperative ventral hernia over a 15-year period who underwent surgery in the Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Care and Medical Unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (445 (65.4%) women, 235 (34.6%) men). Mean age of patients was 63.2±14.2 years. Middle and elderly (employable) age patients (45-74 years) prevailed in the study (n=510, 75%). Hernia repair using «sublay¼ technique was performed in 490 (72%) patients without severe comorbidities and relative volume of hernial protrusion up to 18%. Submuscular-inlay technique was used in 95 (14%) patients with significant comorbidities and those over 50 years old or with a relative volume of hernial protrusion over 18%. We have applied a modified repair technique for the last 3 years in 5 (0.75%) patients with a giant postoperative ventral hernia and anterior abdominal tissue deficiency (partial or complete absence of some anatomical structures, for example, rectus muscle). A hybrid technology was applied in 12 patients with severe concomitant diseases, hernias W2 according to European qualifications or recurrent hernias, significant adhesions in the abdominal cavity or hernial sac. RESULTS: Early postoperative wound complications occurred in 27 (5.5%) patients including hematoma (n=12, 2.5%), infiltration (n=7, 1.4%), wound suppuration (n=8, 1.6%). Other complications were observed in 6 (1.2%) patients: pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, intestinal obstruction. Lethal outcomes were absent. Recurrences in long-term period were found in 18 (3.7%) patients. Submuscular-inlay technique of hernia repair was followed by early postoperative wound complications in 5 (5.1%) patients including hematoma (n=3, 3.2%), infiltration (n=1, 1%), wound suppuration (n=1, 1%). There was no mortality. No other early postoperative complications were observed. Recurrences were detected in 5 (5.2%) patients. Preoperative intra-abdominal pressure was 7-10 mm Hg in all patients with tissue deficit. This value did not exceed 12 mm Hg after repair due to creation of a «specified diastasis¼. Lethal outcomes were absent. There were no early and long-term recurrences or wound complications. Analysis of early and long-term results of the modified hybrid repair of the anterior abdominal wall did not reveal recurrences, local and systemic complications. Persistent minor diastasis between rectus muscles reinforced with a mesh implant was observed in 3 (25%) out of 12 patients. CONCLUSION: Thus, optimized and personalized approach in patients with large and giant postoperative ventral hernias considers all intra- and postoperative risk factors.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Hérnia Ventral/etiologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas
17.
Wounds ; 31(8): E49-E53, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483754

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient nonadherence to wound care protocols may impact the efficacy of modalities, such as negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Recently, a remote therapy monitoring (RTM) system has been devised for use with NPWT for home care patients. OBJECTIVE: Three home care patients receiving NPWT are presented to examine the relationship between patients using the RTM system and Virtual Therapy Specialists (VTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consent was secured from patients with either multiple comorbidities and/or wounds of varying complexity. Wounds were assessed as per their initial presentation, and all patients were discharged home with an RTM-equipped NPWT system to apply continuous subatmospheric pressure to their wound. Dressings were changed every 2 to 3 days. RESULTS: All 3 patients were women (age range, 53-72 years), who presented with the following wound types: recalcitrant abdominal wound, acute wound following ventral hernia repair, and dehisced wound following a hysterectomy. Patient 1 was treated with RTM-equipped NPWT for a duration of 88 days (6 nonadherent vs. 82 adherent days) and was adherent to the therapy 93.2% of the time. Patient 2 was treated with RTM-equipped NPWT for a duration of 57 days (8 nonadherent vs. 49 adherent days) and was adherent to the therapy 86.0% of the time. Patient 3 was treated with RTM-equipped NPWT for a duration of 16 days (2 nonadherent vs. 14 adherent days) and was adherent to the therapy 87.5% of the time. Each patient presented with a barrier to therapy adherence (eg, lack of access to residential clinical support, technical issues, or work demands) that was managed by VTS interactions. CONCLUSIONS: In these 3 cases, RTM-equipped NPWT and the patient-centric exchanges with the VTS through adherence calls helped promote consistent usage of RTM-equipped NPWT to address the patients' therapeutic needs and increase therapy adherence.


Assuntos
Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Cooperação do Paciente , Consulta Remota/métodos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Hérnia Hiatal/terapia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/terapia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
G Chir ; 40(3): 188-192, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484007

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although inguinal hernia repair is a routine procedure and frequently performed as one-day surgery, we should be particularly aware of the possible complications, which could be life-threatening if not recognized in due course. CASE REPORT: We report a case of life-threatening extra-peritoneal bleeding after open inguinal hernia repair requiring damage control surgery. DISCUSSION: Several vessels can be responsible for massive extraperitoneal bleeding - external iliac vessels, lower epigastric artery, crema steric vessels and corona mortis. Although damage control surgery was developed to treat the severe trauma, it can also be a life-saving maneuver in cases as the presented one. Hemodynamic instability with distended abdomen is a primary indication for laparotomy, but in some cases the contrast CT provides valuable information about the location and the size of hematoma and can guide the operative approach - midline laparotomy or revision of the wound as in our case. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of life-threatening retroperitoneal bleeding after open inguinal hernia repair. The present case is a good example for the application of damage control in pathology considered as one-day surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Although casuistic, the life-threatening bleeding after open hernia repair should be suspected. The prompt surgical response with damage control can be life-saving maneuver even in the routine hernia surgery. Detailed knowledge of the anatomy and carefull dissection are required to avoid this kind of complications.


Assuntos
Artérias Epigástricas/lesões , Hematoma/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Doenças Raras/cirurgia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Intestino Delgado , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico por imagem , Reoperação , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Cardiol Young ; 29(10): 1307-1309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475664

RESUMO

We report a neonatal case of the use of alteplase for the lysis of a large aortic arch thrombus formed during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Alteplase (0.1-0.15 mg/kg/hour) was infused for thrombolysis, and meanwhile, unfractionated heparin was administrated at 5-10 U/kg/hour for the anticoagulation purpose. Alteplase was successfully administered to this neonate after the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and the patient survived without apparent catastrophic long-term complications. It is reasonable to consider alteplase therapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in this setting.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Seguimentos , Hérnias Diafragmáticas Congênitas/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/etiologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
20.
Surgery ; 166(4): 615-622, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aims were to evaluate factors that predict recurrence after open umbilical hernia repair with either mesh or primary closure. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 1,125) undergoing open umbilical hernia repair from 2009 to 2018 were identified from a prospectively managed, quality database. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests were used to analyze recurrence-free survival for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression was used to analyze recurrence-free survival by age, sex, body mass index, concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, smoking status, diabetes, postoperative infection, hernia size in greatest dimension, and type of repair. RESULTS: The overall recurrence rate was 3.3% with a median follow-up of 14 months. Univariable analysis revealed a difference in recurrence-free survival for current smoking (P = .039), diabetes (P = .007), higher body mass index (P = .057), and postoperative infection (P < .001). Multivariable analysis indicated higher body mass index (P = .007), concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (P = .044), current smoking status (P = .020), diabetes (P = .021), and a primary closure repair of hernias ≥1.5 cm (P = .001) had a greater risk of recurrence. Postoperative infection showed an association with recurrence (P = .053). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate higher body mass index, concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, current smoking, diabetes, primary closure repair of hernias ≥1.5 cm, and postoperative infection were associated with a greater risk of recurrence after open umbilical hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hérnia Umbilical/diagnóstico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
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