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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e25007, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655970

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a costly postoperative complication with a decrease in the quality of life. We aimed to probe the predictive role of peripheral blood inflammation markers for SSI following mesh repair of groin hernia (GH).This retrospective study assessed the data of 1177 patients undergoing elective mesh repair of GH (open/laparoscopy) in the absence of antibiotic prophylaxis. The relation between demographics, surgical factors, pre-surgical laboratory results and the occurrence of SSI were investigated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the optimal threshold of parameters and compare their veracity.The overall SSI rate was 3.2% with 1-year follow-up (38 superficial and 1 deep SSI). Patients with SSI had significant higher pre-surgical neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) than those without (P = .029 and P = .045, respectively); their NLR and PLR correlated positively with postoperative total days of antibiotic treatment for SSI (r = .689, P = .000; r = .493, P = .001; respectively). NLR and PLR had larger areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves than neutrophil (.875 vs. .601; P = .000; .726 vs. .601; P = .017). The combination of PLR and neutrophil/NLR raised the predictive sensitivity of PLR for SSI (sensitivity: PLR: 74.36%; PLR + neutrophil: 82.05%; PLR + NLR: 83.57%). On multivariate analyses, higher preoperative NLR (cut-off 2.44) and PLR (cut-off 125.42) were independent predictors for SSI.Higher pre-surgical NLR and PLR may be valuable predictors for SSI following elective mesh repair of GH.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/sangue , Linfócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Plaquetas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 103(2): e50-e52, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559554

RESUMO

Appendix-associated hernias are extremely rare. They have been described sporadically in the literature, mostly as inguinal hernias. Appendix-associated incisional hernias are even more unusual. High clinical awareness is needed as complications can arise if misdiagnosis or delay occurs. We present an 80-year-old man with acute appendicitis in an incisional hernia. After successful surgery, the patient made a full recovery.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Incisional/diagnóstico , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicite/etiologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Apêndice/diagnóstico por imagem , Apêndice/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Masculino , Náusea/etiologia , Doenças Raras/etiologia , Doenças Raras/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/etiologia
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 73-79, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570358

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of using titanium thread mesh implants in the treatment of anterior abdominal wall hernias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article evaluates the titanium thread mesh implant used by us in the treatment of 240 patients with anterior abdominal wall hernias; describes the features of this type of implants and the technical features of various types of operations using them. RESULTS: The overall rate of postoperative complications was 2.9%. Hernia recurrence was observed in 2.4% of patients after laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a mesh implant made of titanium thread did not reveal any specific complications for this implant. At the stage of gaining experience with a mesh implant made of titanium thread, technical difficulties may occur when placing and fixing it, which increases the duration of surgery.


Assuntos
Hérnia Abdominal , Herniorrafia , Laparoscopia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Hérnia Abdominal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202607, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439931

RESUMO

Herniorrhaphy is one of the most common surgical procedures, with an estimated 20 million operations performed annually worldwide. One of the common complications associated with this procedure is inguinodynia, defined as pain beyond three months after inguinal hernia surgery. In this review, we have addressed the main aspects of this complication with current articles, published in the last five years. Inguinodynia has a multifactorial nature and studies have shown that its development is related to the surgical technique and intrinsic factors of the patient that imply greater predisposition to this phenomenon. In this regard, it has been discussed which surgical techniques imply a lower incidence of this complication. Many studies have focused on understanding intrinsic features of each patient, both in physical and cognitive aspects, and how the approach of these factors can favor a better post-surgical recovery. The treatment of this condition is still challenging, and there are no established universal guidelines. We believe that due to its multifactorial nature, the treatment is hampered due to the individuality inguinodynia presentations.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Causalidade , Dor Crônica , Virilha , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 34-41, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare early and long-term results of various mesh prosthesis fixation methods in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is a prospective clinical non-randomized trial. The study included 212 patients. Conventional stapler fixation (112 patients), self-gripping mesh implants (48 patients) and n-butyl cyanoacrylate adhesive fixation (52 patients) were compared. We estimated surgery time, pain syndrome severity in early and long-term postoperative period, postoperative morbidity and recurrence rate were evaluated. RESULTS: Early postoperative morbidity, activation of patients and hospital-stay were similar in all groups. Pain syndrome within 6 postoperative hours in the first group exceeded the same parameter in the second group by 1.23 times (95% CI 1.15-1.31, p<0.05) and by 1.19 times in the third group (95% CI 1.12-1.26, p<0.05). Within 12 hours, pain syndrome in the first group was 1.27 times more severe compared to the third group (95% CI 1.20-1.34, p<0.05). Pain syndrome in long-term period was similar in all groups. In the first group, one recurrence was detected (0.9%). CONCLUSION: There were no significant between-group differences. However, we found the correlation of postoperative pain syndrome with mesh implant fixation technique.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Herniorrafia , Laparoscopia , Implantação de Prótese , Telas Cirúrgicas , Cianoacrilatos/administração & dosagem , Cianoacrilatos/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Implantação de Prótese/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos sem Sutura/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos sem Sutura/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Adesivos Teciduais/administração & dosagem , Adesivos Teciduais/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 45, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair has often been used as a showcase to illustrate practice variation in surgery. This study determined the degree of hospital variation in proportion of patients with an inguinal hernia undergoing operative repair and the effect of this variation on clinical outcomes. METHODS: A nationwide, longitudinal, database study was performed in all hospitals in the Netherlands between 2013 and 2015. Patients with inguinal hernias were collected from the Diagnosis-Related-Group (DRG) database. The case-mix adjusted operation rate in patients with a new DRG determines the observed variation. Hospital variation in case-mix adjusted inguinal hernia repair-rates was calculated per year. Clinical outcomes after surgery were compared between hospitals with high and low adjusted operation-rates. RESULTS: In total, 95,637 patients were included. The overall operation rate was 71.6%. In 2013-2015, the case-mix adjusted performance of inguinal hernia repairs in hospitals with high rates was 1.6-1.9 times higher than in hospitals with low rates. Moreover, in hospitals with high adjusted rates of inguinal hernia repair the time to surgery was shorter, more laparoscopic procedures were performed, less emergency department visits were recorded post-operatively, while more emergency department visits were recorded when patients were treated conservatively compared to hospitals with low adjusted operation rates. CONCLUSION: Hospital variation in inguinal hernia repair in the Netherlands is modest, operation-rates vary by less than two-fold, and variation is stable over time. Hernia repair in hospitals with high adjusted rates of inguinal hernia repair are associated with improved outcomes.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 48, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For recurrent incarcerated and strangulated hernias, the optimal treatment strategy for each case is needed. CASE PRESENTATION: The study patient was a 70-year-old man. TAPP repair was performed for a left inguinal hernia (JHS Classification II-1) 7 years earlier. The patient experienced transient pain and swelling of the left inguinal region for 5 months and visited our emergency department for abdominal pain and vomiting. A CT scan showed a recurrent left inguinal hernia and small bowel incarceration, and emergency surgery was performed. Laparoscopic observation of the abdominal cavity revealed recurrent left inguinal hernia (Rec II-1) with small bowel incarceration. The small bowel was reduced after pneumoperitoneum, and no findings suggested intestinal tract necrosis. Adhesions around the herniated sac were dissected using an extraperitoneal approach and then shifted to mesh plug repair. No perioperative complications or hernia recurrence were observed in the 10 months after the surgery. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes a novel, successful surgical treatment for a recurrent incarcerated hernia. In our patient, we could easily perform dissection and understand the positional relationship by hybrid surgery using the TEP method. Additionally, in patients with incarcerated hernias, we believe that performing hybrid surgery by combining the TEP method would be useful because bowel dilation caused by intestinal obstruction would not disturb the operative field.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Herniorrafia/métodos , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Hérnia Inguinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Masculino , Recidiva , Telas Cirúrgicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Surg Res ; 257: 85-91, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is presently considered the standard of care to perform many routine intra-abdominal operations using a minimally invasive approach. The authors recently identified a racial disparity in access to a laparoscopic approach to inguinal hernia repair, cholecystectomy, appendectomy, and colectomy. The present study further evaluates this patient cohort to assess the relationship between the race and postoperative complications and test the mediating effect of the selected surgical approach. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, patients in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who underwent inguinal hernia repair, cholecystectomy, appendectomy, or colectomy in 2016 were identified. Patient demographics, including the self-reported race and ethnicity, as well as clinical, operative, and postoperative variables were recorded. After the exclusion of cases associated with diagnoses of cancer, a 4:1 propensity score matching algorithm generated a clinically balanced cohort of patients of white and black self-reported race. The mediating effect of an open approach to surgery on the relationship between black self-reported race and postoperative complications was evaluated via a series of regressions. RESULTS: There were 41,340 unilateral inguinal hernia repairs, 3182 bilateral inguinal hernia repairs, 60,444 cholecystectomies, 50,523 appendectomies, and 58,012 colectomies included in the database in 2017. Exclusion of cases associated with cancer and subsequent propensity score matching returned 17,540 unilateral hernia repairs, 890 bilateral hernia repairs, 23,865 cholecystectomies, 11,660 appendectomies, and 12,320 colectomies. On mediation analysis, any complication, severe complication, and death were significant when regressed on black self-reported race (any: odds ratio [OR] = 1.210, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.132-1.291, P < 0.001; severe: OR = 1.352, 95% CI = 1.245-1.466, P < 0.001; death: OR = 1.358, 95% CI = 1.000-1.818, P = 0.044), and open surgery was a significant mediator in the incidence of any complication and severe complication (any: OR = 1.180, 95% CI = 1.105-1.260, P < 0.001 and severe: OR = 1.307, 95% CI = 1.203-1.418, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore the importance of access to a minimally invasive approach to surgery. However, other factors may contribute to racial disparities in postoperative complications after common abdominal operations.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etnologia
9.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(6): 767-774, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378635

RESUMO

Background: Development of seroma after incisional hernia repair is a common complication. Our study aims to compare the outcomes of sublay incisional hernia repairs with or without spray instillation of fibrin glue. Methods: We enrolled fifty patients undergoing incisional hernia repair. In all patients a suction drain was placed in the subcutaneous space. In one group (FG) 4 ml fibrin glue was instilled in the subcutaneous space. In the control group (C) patients did not receive any prevention measure. Wounds fluids were collected on post-operative day 1 (POD) and once daily until drain removal. All patients were followed up by ultrasound on POD 15, 20, 40, 60. Results: Drain fluid production, even if in significantly greater amount in the C group (p 0.01) as compared with the FG group, decreased after POD 1 in both groups. Drain was removed on POD-5 in 80% of FG patients and in 36% of C patients (p 0.01). No infective or bleeding complications were detected. In group FG average hospital stay was of 5.5 ÃÂ+- 2 days versus 7.1 +- 1.5 days in group C (p 0.01). At ultrasounds examination, seroma development was similar among two groups. Conclusions: Spray instillation of fibrin glue during the surgical repair reduces amount of drained fluid and hospital stay without increasing surgical complications. However, seroma occurrence was not significantly reduced.


Assuntos
Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/administração & dosagem , Hérnia Ventral , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Incisional , Seroma/prevenção & controle , Adesivos Teciduais/administração & dosagem , Administração Tópica , Adesivo Tecidual de Fibrina/uso terapêutico , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Seroma/etiologia , Sucção , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370975

RESUMO

A 52-year-old man presented with lower urinary tract symptoms and intermittent haematuria for the last 6 months. He had undergone totally extraperitoneal right inguinal hernia repair a decade ago. The ultrasonography and an X-ray of the pelvis suggested a large radio-opaque shadow in the bladder. However, CT revealed an encrusted intravesical extension of the migrated mesh along the right anterolateral wall. The entire intravesical part of the migrated mesh with encrustations was successfully retrieved by endourological approach using holmium laser. The patient symptomatically improved and at follow-up, cystoscopy showed a complete re-epithelisation of the bladder mucosa. The intravesical extension of migrated mesh is a rare but challenging complication following mesh hernioplasty and can be successfully managed with a complete endoscopic approach.


Assuntos
Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Falha de Prótese , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Cistoscopia , Remoção de Dispositivo/instrumentação , Migração de Corpo Estranho/complicações , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/etiologia , Hematúria/cirurgia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/instrumentação , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
12.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (10): 44-48, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the association of tension-free inguinal hernia repair and pathospermia in fertile men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have retrospectively analyzed medical records of 512 men who appealed to andrologist with complaints of the absence of pregnancy in wife in 2018. We evaluated duration and features of infertility, presence/absence of previous inguinal hernia repair, spermogram data (according to WHO criteria, 2010) in all patients. RESULTS: Duration of infertility in men after inguinal hernia repair persists for 4.2±2.1 years. Right-sided hernia repair was performed in 36 (48.6%) patients, left-side - 23 (31%), bilateral repair - 15 (20.2%) patients. Men with impaired sperm motility prevailed among patients after right-sided inguinal hernia repair (17 (47.2%) people). Left-sided hernia repair was followed by asthenozoospermia in 8 (34.7%) cases, bilateral hernia repair - in 3 (20%) cases. The most severe abnormalities in semen analysis (azoospemia) develop after bilateral hernia repair. CONCLUSION: Inguinal tension-free hernia repair is a risk factor for male infertility in 14.4% of cases. It is very important to examine a man in case of infertile marriage. Previous surgical interventions including inguinal hernia repair should be considered.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Astenozoospermia/diagnóstico , Astenozoospermia/etiologia , Azoospermia/diagnóstico , Azoospermia/etiologia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise do Sêmen
13.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 611-615, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735121

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is the standard surgical treatment for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in patients for who long-term pharmacotherapy is intolerable or ineffective. Advances in anaesthesia and minimally invasive surgery have led to day case treatment being adopted by some centres. The objective of this study is to describe our day case pathway and peri- and postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single centre, retrospective case series review of a prospectively collected database from October 2014 to August 2019 performed in a tertiary centre for upper gastrointestinal surgery. Data collected included demographics, comorbidities, indications, complications, length of stay and readmission. RESULTS: A total of 362 patients underwent laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery with or without hiatus hernia repair of up to 10cm, with day case rates of 59%. Unplanned admission following day surgery was 5.1% (13/225) and 30-day readmission was 2.2% (8/362); 90.6% of patients remained in hospital for less than 24 hours. There was one intraoperative complication and one patient required revisional surgery within 30 days. The rate of all postoperative complications was 1.38% (5/362) with one postoperative mortality. DISCUSSION: The inclusion of larger hernias is unusual, as most studies limit size to 5cm or less. Our results show the safety and feasibility of the procedure even when applied to hiatus hernias up to 10cm. Success was multifactorial and based on standardisation of procedures and support from dedicated specialist nursing staff. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery can be performed safely as a day case procedure even in larger hiatus hernias, with a dedicated care pathway and specialist nurse practitioners to support it.


Assuntos
Hérnia Hiatal/epidemiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Redução de Custos/estatística & dados numéricos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/complicações , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/economia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21787, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846810

RESUMO

Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy has been well established for the management of primary and recurrent inguinal hernias. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has now been accepted as a less invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery. However, commercially available access devices for SILS had disadvantages such as rigidness and crowding. This series aimed to analyze the feasibility and safety of single-incision laparoscopic trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal hernioplasty (SILS-TAPP) by applying our self-made device for managing inguinal hernia.We collected and reviewed the medical records of patients who received SILS-TAPP using a self-made glove-port device between January 2014 and January 2016. All operations were performed by the same surgical team. The demographics and intra- and perioperative outcomes were evaluated.SILS-TAPP was successfully performed in 105 patients (131 inguinal hernia repairs). No major intra- and postoperative morbidities were encountered, and no conversion to a conventional 3-port approach or open surgery was required. The mean operative time was 73.5 min and the mean postoperative hospital stay was 2.1 days. Three minor short-term complications were noted, which were resolved without surgical intervention. One recurrence was diagnosed during follow-up and treated using a second TAPP procedure.SILS-TAPP was shown to be a feasible, safe procedure in patients with an inguinal hernia. A simple self-made glove-port device was proven as a practical method of SILS-TAPP.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/instrumentação , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Luvas Cirúrgicas , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Umbigo/cirurgia
15.
BMJ ; 370: m2457, 2020 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether robotic ventral hernia repair is associated with fewer days in the hospital 90 days after surgery compared with laparoscopic repair. DESIGN: Pragmatic, blinded randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Multidisciplinary hernia clinics in Houston, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 124 patients, deemed appropriate candidates for elective minimally invasive ventral hernia repair, consecutively presenting from April 2018 to February 2019. INTERVENTIONS: Robotic ventral hernia repair (n=65) versus laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (n=59). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was number of days in hospital within 90 days after surgery. Secondary outcomes included emergency department visits, operating room time, wound complications, hernia recurrence, reoperation, abdominal wall quality of life, and costs from the healthcare system perspective. Outcomes were pre-specified before data collection began and analyzed as intention to treat. RESULTS: Patients from both groups were similar at baseline. Ninety day follow-up was completed in 123 (99%) patients. No evidence was seen of a difference in days in hospital between the two groups (median 0 v 0 days; relative rate 0.90, 95% confidence interval 0.37 to 2.19; P=0.82). For secondary outcomes, no differences were noted in emergency department visits, wound complications, hernia recurrence, or reoperation. However, robotic repair had longer operative duration (141 v 77 min; mean difference 62.89, 45.75 to 80.01; P≤0.001) and increased healthcare costs ($15 865 (£12 746; €14 125) v $12 955; cost ratio 1.21, 1.07 to 1.38; adjusted absolute cost difference $2767, $910 to $4626; P=0.004). Among patients with robotic ventral hernia repair, two had an enterotomy compared none with laparoscopic repair. The median one month postoperative improvement in abdominal wall quality of life was 3 with robotic ventral hernia repair compared with 15 following laparoscopic repair. CONCLUSION: This study found no evidence of a difference in 90 day postoperative hospital days between robotic and laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. However, robotic repair increased operative duration and healthcare costs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03490266.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/economia , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/economia , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Reoperação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/economia
16.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 161, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hernia mesh erosion into the urinary bladder is a rare complication of hernioplasty, and mesh immigration is the most probable pathophysiology. There is no report describing mesh erosion induced by fixing tacks in inguinal hernia repair. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with frequency, urgency and odynuria for 3 months. He received open right inguinal hernia repair in September 2014, and right laparoscopic hernioplasty for recurrence of the inguinal hernia in May 2015. In February 2019, he underwent a day-case transurethral cystoscopic operation for urethral and bladder stones. Cystoscopy revealed the existence of bladder stones and part of the eroded mesh on the right anterior wall, for which an open partial cystectomy was performed. The patient was followed up for 3 months postoperatively, during which no further mesh erosion or stone recurrence was detected by cystoscopy. CONCLUSION: This is the first case report describing mesh erosion into the urinary bladder by fixing tacks following laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. In such a case, the eroded mesh and tacks need to be removed completely, but the effectiveness of a single transurethral procedure needs to be verified in more cases.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Suturas/efeitos adversos , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Bexiga Urinária/lesões , Adulto , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/instrumentação , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/etiologia , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/etiologia
17.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 241-247, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether absorbable or nonabsorbable mesh repair of large hiatus hernias is followed by less recurrences at late follow-up compared to sutured repair. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Radiological recurrences have been reported in up to 30% of patients after repair of large hiatus hernias, and mesh repair has been proposed as a solution. Earlier trials have revealed mixed outcomes and early outcomes from a trial reported previously revealed no short-term advantages for mesh repair. METHODS: Multicentre prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial of 3 methods of hiatus hernia repair; sutures versus absorbable mesh versus nonabsorbable mesh. Primary outcome - hernia recurrence assessed by barium meal X-ray and endoscopy at 3-4 years. Secondary outcomes - clinical symptom scores at 2, 3, and 5 years. RESULTS: 126 patients were enrolled - 43 sutures, 41 absorbable mesh, and 42 nonabsorbable mesh. Clinical outcomes were obtained at 5 years in 89.9%, and objective follow-up was obtained in 72.3%. A recurrent hernia (any size) was identified in 39.3% after suture repair, 56.7% - absorbable mesh, and 42.9% - nonabsorbable mesh (P = 0.371). Clinical outcomes were similar at 5 years, except chest pain, diarrhea, and bloat symptoms which were more common after repair with absorbable mesh. CONCLUSIONS: No advantages were demonstrated for mesh repair at up to 5 years follow-up, and symptom outcomes were worse after repair with absorbable mesh. The longer-term results from this trial do not support mesh repair for large hiatus hernias.


Assuntos
Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura , Implantes Absorvíveis , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Austrália , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hérnia Hiatal/diagnóstico por imagem , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Reoperação/métodos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização/fisiologia
18.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 98(6): 350-356, jun.-jul. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198516

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las hernias incisionales secundarias al trasplante renal (HITR) se consideran hernias complejas debido a su localización lateral a la vaina del músculo recto abdominal. También influyen la presencia del injerto en la fosa iliaca y la proximidad del área inguinal, el margen costal y los huesos iliacos como rebordes de difícil fijación de la prótesis. Además, estos pacientes presentan connotaciones específicas, como el tratamiento con inmunosupresores, que podrían alterar la evolución postoperatoria. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar los resultados obtenidos en la reparación de las HITR en un hospital terciario, comparando estos datos con la literatura internacional. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional retrospectivo, desde el 1 de enero de 2011 al 31 de enero de 2018, de los pacientes operados de HITR en nuestra unidad. Análisis de factores preoperatorios, intraoperatorios y de complicaciones postoperatorias observados durante el seguimiento. RESULTADOS: Se operaron 25 pacientes, encontrando un índice de recidiva herniaria del 4% tras un seguimiento mediano de 27,5 meses (20-39). La técnica más utilizada fue la separación posterior de componentes con liberación del transverso en un 42%, seguida de la reparación preperitoneal en un 27% y la reparación interoblicuos en un 12%. La morbilidad postoperatoria global fue del 23%, siendo las más frecuentes las relacionadas con el sitio quirúrgico (12%). CONCLUSIONES: La reparación de las HITR es un procedimiento seguro en nuestro centro, con un índice de recidiva herniaria aceptable, aunque no exento de complicaciones


INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernias secondary to renal transplantation (IHRT) are considered complex hernias because they are lateral to the sheath of the rectus abdominis muscle. The presence of the graft in the iliac fossa and the proximity to the inguinal area, costal margin and iliac bones, as zones with difficult fixation for prostheses, increases repair complexity. In addition, these patients have specific characteristics, such as treatment with immunosuppressive medication, that could alter postoperative evolution. The objective of this study was to analyze the results obtained in IHRT repair at a tertiary hospital, and to compare these data with the international literature. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of patients treated surgically for IHRT in our unit from January 1, 2011 to January 31, 2018. Preoperative conditions, intraoperative factors and postoperative complications during follow-up were analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients underwent hernia repair, finding a 4% hernia recurrence rate during a median follow-up of 27.5 months (20-39). The most frequently used technique was the posterior transversus abdominis release component separation technique in 42%, followed by preperitoneal repair in 27% and interoblique repair in 12%. The overall postoperative morbidity was 23%, which was frequently related to the surgical site (12%). CONCLUSIONS: IHRT repair is a safe procedure at our medical center, with an acceptable rate of hernia recurrence, but it is not without complications


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Músculos Abdominais/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Surg Res ; 255: 1-8, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Local anesthesia (LA) for open inguinal hernia repair (OIHR) is not widely used in the United States. An LA program for OIHR was initiated at the Dallas Veteran Affairs Medical Center in 2015. We hypothesize that outcomes under LA for OIHR are similar to general anesthesia with adequate patient satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 1422 groin hernias were performed by a single surgeon using a standardized technique at the Dallas Veteran Affairs Medical Center (2015-2019). Only unilateral, primary, elective, OIHRs were included (n = 1092). LA was used in 26.0% (n = 285) and compared with patients undergoing general anesthesia. Univariate analysis was performed by the Student t-test for continuous variables and χ2 test (or the Fisher exact test) for categorical variables. RESULTS: OIHR performed with LA increased from 15.5% in 2015 to 76.6% in 2019. Patients undergoing LA were older and had significantly more comorbidities. Holding time to operating room (OR), OR to start of the operation, skin-to-skin time, and end of the operation to out of the OR were all reduced with LA (all P values <0.05). Inguinodynia, recurrence, and overall complications were similar. Patients undergoing LA indicated that they were comfortable (93.0%), rated their worst pain as 2.03 ± 2.2 (of 10), and would undergo LA if they had to do it again (94.0%). CONCLUSIONS: LA was associated with decreased OR times and had good patient satisfaction. Overall complication rates were similar despite a higher burden of comorbid conditions in patients undergoing LA.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Local/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hospitais de Veteranos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
20.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 64-69, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500691

RESUMO

AIM: Study of the results of the use of titanium thread mesh implants in the treatment of postoperative ventral hernias. METHODS: The study included 84 patients with postoperative ventral hernias. All performed open-access prosthetic hernioplasty. 2 groups were formed: the main group consisted of 32 patients who used a mesh implant made of titanium thread as an implant, the comparison group consisted of 52 patients whose hernioplasty was performed using a polypropylene mesh implant. There were no statistically significant differences between groups of patients by age, gender, average body mass index, risk class of anesthesia (ASA), size and location of hernias. RESULTS: The frequency of postoperative complications in the main group was 6.2%, in the comparison group - 3.8%. There were no statistically significant differences in this indicator between the groups. At the time of discharge from the hospital, the level of plasma C-reactive protein in patients of the main group was significantly lower than in patients of the comparison group. CONCLUSION: The use of titanium thread mesh implants in the treatment of postoperative ventral hernias is accompanied by a less inflammatory response of the body to the implant and does not lead to an increase in the frequency of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Hérnia Ventral/etiologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/etiologia , Polipropilenos , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento
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