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1.
Vet Microbiol ; 239: 108494, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767068

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) has the ability to escape the host innate immune response and establish a long-term latent infection. The tegument protein UL41 causes the rapid degradation of existing and newly transcribed host mRNA and promote the expression of viral protein in the early stages of a productive infection. At present, how BoHV-1 UL41 evades JAK-STAT signaling pathway is unclear. In this study, we report that UL41 expression facilitates BoHV-1 replication and represses the generation of ISGs. Constitutive expression of UL41 inhibits the expression of STAT1, and treatment with drugs that inhibit the protein-degrading pathway did not restore STAT1 expression. Further study shows that UL41 binds and cleaves the mRNA of STAT1, thus blocks the formation of IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 complexes, and represses the activity of IFN response elements and the generation of ISGs. In brief, our results reveal a novel mechanism of BoHV-1 UL41 against natural innate immunity through direct targeting of the STAT1 transcript.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/imunologia , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Cães , Células HEK293 , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Ligação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/genética
2.
Res Vet Sci ; 127: 11-17, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670050

RESUMO

Enhancing immunological responses to vaccination is an important goal in many herd health management systems. OmniGen-AF®(OG) is an immunomodulatory feed additive that has been shown to enhance innate immune function in ruminants and its effects on adaptive immunity require additional study. The objective of this study was to evaluate post-vaccine antibody titers and circulating cellular memory development in heifers fed OG and administered a commercially available modified-live bovine respiratory disease (BRD) vaccine. Twenty-four Holstein heifers were assigned to one of two diets for 170 days: Control TMR (CON; n = 11), or TMR plus OG (TRT; 9 g/100 kg BW/day; n = 13). Samples for hematology, serology, and cellular assays were collected on D-110, 0, 21, 42, and 60 of the trial. Heifers were administered two priming doses of a modified-live BRD vaccine, with a third dose given on D0. There were no significant differences in total WBC and absolute number or the percentage of circulating lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, RBC, or platelets on D-110 through D21. On D42 and D60, CON had significantly higher numbers of lymphocytes. On D0, mean serum neutralizing (SN) titer to BHV-1 was significantly higher for CON compared to TRT. SN titers were not significantly different between CON and TRT at any other time point for BHV-1, BVDV type 1, or BVDV type 2. TRT mounted a significantly stronger recall proliferative response to 0.5 multiplicity of infection (MOI) of BHV-1, BVDV type 1 and BVDV type 2 on D42 and D60; 0.25 MOI of BVDV type 1 on D21 and D42; and 0.25 MOI BVDV type 2 on D42 compared to CON. IL-4 production induced by 0.5 and 1.0 MOI BHV-1 (D42 and D60); 0.25 MOI of BVDV type 1 (D21); and 0.25 and 0.5 MOI of BVDV type 2 (D60) were significantly higher for TRT than CON. IL-17 production induced by 0.25 MOI of BVDV type 1 was significantly higher on D60 for TRT compared to CON. IFN-gamma and IL-10 were not significantly different between treatments. These data indicate feeding OG has a beneficial effect on responses to vaccine antigens in Holstein dairy heifers.


Assuntos
Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 1/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 2/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Complexo Respiratório Bovino/imunologia , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Feminino , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(11): 870-878, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056920

RESUMO

Vaccination is a strategy to the prevention and control of reproductive diseases caused by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1), however the various compositions of commercial vaccines should be evaluated for their ability to induce protection mediated by antibodies. The objective of this research was to evaluate the production of specific neutralizing Abs against BVDV-1 and 2, and BoHV-1 induced by commercial vaccines composed by different adjuvants. Holstein heifers were vaccinated and distributed in three experimental groups: Group I (G1) was vaccinated with a commercial vaccine containing inactivated BVDV-1, BVDV-2 and BoHV-1 diluted in alum hydroxide as adjuvant (n=9); Group II (G2) was vaccinated with an product containing inactivated strains of BVDV-1, BVDV-2, BoHV-1 and BoHV-5 diluted in oil emulsion as adjuvant (n=10); Group III (G3) was vaccinated with a commercial vaccine containing inactivated BVDV-1 and BVDV-2, besides live modified thermosensitive BoHV-1, diluted in Quil A, amphigen and cholesterol (n=10); A control, non-vaccinated group (n=6) was mock vaccinated with saline. Heifers received two subcutaneous doses of 5mL of each commercial vaccine on the right side of the neck, with 21 days interval. Humoral immune response was assessed by the virus neutralization test (VN) against BVDV-1 (NADL and Singer strains), BVDV-2 (SV253 strain) and BoHV-1 (Los Angeles strain) in serum samples collected on vaccination days zero (D0), 21 (D21) and 42 (D42; 21 days after boosting). Neutralizing Abs against BVDV-1 NADL was detected only in D42, regardless of the vaccine used. Similar geometric mean titers (GMT) for BVDV-1 NADL were observed between G1 (log2=5.1) and G3 (log2=5.1). The seroconversion rate (%) was higher in G1 (78%) when compared to G2 (10%) and G3 (40%). For BVDV-1 Singer, it was also possible to detect Abs production in G1 (log2=5.8, 100% seroconversion rate) and G3 (log2=3.5, seroconversion rate = 60%), only after the booster dose (D42). Neutralizing Abs to BVDV-2 (SV253) were detected only in G3, observing 90% seroconversion associated with high titers of Abs (log2=6.7) after the 2nd dose of vaccine (D42). Heifers from G1 and G3 responded to BoHV-1 after the first dose (D21): G1 (log2=2.5, seroconversion rate = 67%) and G3 (log2=0.7, seroconversion rate = 80%). In D42, a higher magnitude response was observed in the heifers from G3 (log2=6.1, 100%) compared with G1 (log2=4.3, 100%) and G2 (log2=2.7, 60%). Based on the data obtained, it can be concluded that the commercial vaccine contained aluminum hydroxide (G1) was most effective in the induction of antibodies against BVDV-1. On the other hand, this vaccine did not induce the production of neutralizing Abs against BVDV-2. Only the heifers from G3 (Quil A, amphigen and cholesterol) generated neutralizing Abs against BVDV-2. The animals that received commercial vaccine containing oil emulsion as adjuvant (G2) had a weak/undetectable response against BVDV-1 and BVDV-2. The best protective response against BoHV-1 was observed in heifers vaccinated with the live modified thermosensitive virus.(AU)


A vacinação é utilizada como estratégia para a prevenção e controle das doenças reprodutivas, causadas pelos vírus da diarreia viral bovina (BVDV) e herpesvírus bovino tipo 1 (BoHV-1), entretanto, as diversas composições de vacinas comerciais devem ser avaliadas quanto a sua eficiência protetiva mediada por anticorpos (Acs). O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a produção Acs neutralizantes específicos para cepas de BVDV-1 e 2, e BoHV-1 induzida por vacinas comerciais contendo diferentes tipos de adjuvantes. Para tal, novilhas Holandesas foram vacinadas e distribuídas em três grupos experimentais: Grupo I (G1) foi vacinado com uma vacina comercial composta por cepas inativadas de BVDV-1, BVDV-2 e BoHV-1 diluídas em hidróxido de alumínio como adjuvante (n=9); Grupo II (G2) foi vacinado com produto contendo as cepas inativadas de BVDV-1, BVDV-2, BoHV-1 e BoHV-5 em uma emulsão oleosa como adjuvante (n=10); O Grupo III (G3) foi vacinado com uma vacina comercial contendo BVDV-1 e BVDV-2 inativado, além do BoHV-1 vivo modificado e termosensivel, diluídos em adjuvante contendo Quil A, Amphigem e colesterol (n=10); O Grupo Controle não vacinado (n=6) foi inoculado com solução salina. As novilhas receberam duas doses das respectivas vacinas ou solução salina (5mL), com intervalo de 21 dias, por via subcutânea, na tábua do pescoço do lado direito. A resposta imune humoral foi avaliada pelo teste de vírus neutralização (VN) contra o BVDV-1 (cepas NADL e Singer), BVDV-2 (cepa SV253) e BoHV-1 (cepa Los Angeles) em amostras de soro coletadas nos dias (D) de vacinação zero (D0), 21 dias após 1ª dose (D21)e 42 (D42; 21 dias após A 2ª dose). Os anticorpos neutralizantes contra o BVDV-1 NADL foram detectados apenas em D42, independentemente da vacina utilizada. Os títulos médios geométricos (GMT) de anticorpos foram semelhantes entre G1 (log2=5,1) e G3 (log2=5,1). A taxa de soroconversão foi maior no G1 (78%) quando comparado ao G2 (10%) e G3 (40%). Para o BVDV-1 Singer, somente após D42 foi observada a produção de Acs no G1 (log2=5,8; taxa de soroconversão de 100%) e G3 (log2=3,5; taxa de soroconversão = 60%). Os anticorpos contra BVDV-2 (SV253) foram detectados apenas nas novilhas do G3, observando-se taxa de soroconversão de 90% com altos títulos de anticorpos neutralizantes (log2=6,7) em D42. Novilhas G1 e G3 responderam ao BoHV-1 após a primeira dose (D21): G1 (log2=2,5; taxa de seroconversão = 67%) e G3 (log2=0,7; taxa de seroconversão = 80%). Em contrapartida, foi observada uma maior magnitude de resposta para as novilhas G3 (log2=6,1; 100%) em D42, em relação aos animais G1 (log2=4,3; 100%) e G2 (log2=2,7; 60%). Com base nos dados obtidos, foi possível concluir que a vacina composta por hidróxido de alumínio (G1) foi mais eficaz na produção de anticorpos contra o BVDV-1, em contrapartida esse produto não induziu anticorpos contra o BVDV-2. Apenas as novilhas do G3 (Quil A, amphigen e colesterol) geraram Acs neutralizantes contra o BVDV-2. Os animais que receberam a vacina em emulsão oleosa (G2) como adjuvante apresentaram uma resposta fraca/indetectável contra o BVDV-1 e BVDV-2. A melhor resposta protetiva contra o BoHV-1 foi observada nas novilhas vacinadas com a vacina viva modificada termosensível.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Vacinas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 1/imunologia
4.
Can J Vet Res ; 83(4): 313-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571732

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of late-gestation vaccination of beef heifers with 2 doses of a killed-virus (KV) vaccine containing bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), and bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 (BVDV-2) on the serum concentrations of antibody against BoHV-1, BVDV-1, and BVDV-2 in heifers and their calves and on the IgG concentration in the calves. Of the 47 pregnant beef heifers selected, 26 received 2 doses of the vaccine at 6.5 to 8 mo of gestation (at pregnancy check), and 21 received 2 doses of saline. The mean log2 serum titers of neutralizing antibody against BoHV-1, BVDV-1, and BVDV-2 before vaccination did not differ significantly between the treatment groups; however, at calving all 3 mean titers were significantly greater (P < 0.05) in the vaccinated heifers than in the control heifers. At 24 h after birth the mean serum IgG levels in the calves did not differ significantly between the 2 groups, at 30.18 and 32.28 g/L, respectively (P < 0.05); however, the mean log2 serum titers of antibody to all 3 viruses were greater in the calves nursing colostrum from the vaccinated heifers than in the calves nursing colostrum from the nonvaccinated heifers and significantly so for BoHV-1 and BVDV-1 (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009, respectively). Thus, late-gestation vaccination of beef heifers could result in a greater and more consistent deposition of specific antibodies in colostrum, reducing the variability of initial titers in calves and increasing the duration of maternal immunity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/sangue , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Feminino , Imunidade Materno-Adquirida , Gravidez , Vacinação/veterinária
5.
J Anim Sci ; 97(7): 2739-2749, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31069378

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to compare the cell-mediated immune responses of highly commingled, sale-barn origin calves (STR; n = 10) to those of single source calves that had been weaned for 60 d (UNS; n = 10). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and neutrophils (PMNs) were isolated from jugular venous blood of each calf. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated with Concanavalin A (ConA), BVDV-1, BVDV-2, BHV-1, Mannheimia haemolytica, and Pasteurella multocida and evaluated for clonal proliferation and secretion of IL-8 into cell culture supernatants. The native functional capacities of PMNs were evaluated in response to stimulation with heat-killed Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Complete blood counts and serum biochemical profiles were performed for each animal at the time of sample collection. Compared with STR calves, UNS calves had greater lymphocyte proliferative responses following stimulation BVDV1 (P = 0.041), BVDV2 (P = 0.002), BHV-1 (P = 0.001), M. haemolytica (P = 0.016), and P. multocida (P = 0.049). In addition, PMNs isolated from UNS calves had a greater ability to phagocytose E. coli (P = 0.001) and S. aureus (P = 0.003) when compared with STR calves. Serum nonesterified fatty acids were higher in STR calves (P < 0.001). Serum ß-hydroxybutyrate was lower in STR calves (P < 0.003). These data suggest that immunologic and physiologic differences exist between STR and UNS calves. Although the underlying mechanisms for these differences are not clear, it is possible that combinations of energy imbalances, stress-induced immunosuppression, and general immune naiveté may predispose STR calves to an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to bovine respiratory disease.


Assuntos
Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Imunidade Celular , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Concanavalina A/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/imunologia , Escherichia coli/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Masculino , Mannheimia haemolytica/imunologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Pasteurella multocida/imunologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Staphylococcus aureus/imunologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Desmame
6.
Mol Immunol ; 111: 136-144, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054407

RESUMO

Production of antimicrobial peptides cathelicidins, interferons and cytokines is an important feature in airway epithelial host defense. The innate immune response to alpha-herpesvirus infection at the sites of primary replication has not been fully studied. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the expression of innate immune components, cathelicidins, IFNß, TNFα and TNF receptors (TNFRI and TNFRII) during acute infection and reactivation of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) in the respiratory tract and lymphoid tissue of their natural host. We found that BoHV infection modulates mainly the expression of BMAP28, a key cathelicidin in cattle. It was downregulated by both viruses in retropharyngeal lymph nodes of acutely infected-calves, and it was accompanied by a lower expression of IFNß, TNFα and TNFRI. BoHV-5 showed a pronounced role in the downregulation of BMAP28, even in nasal mucosa and lung. However, during reactivation, BoHV-5 upregulated both BMAP28 and IFNß in retropharyngeal lymph nodes. Acute replication induced also TNFα mRNA and protein synthesis, and expression of TNFRI and II was positively regulated during both acute infection and reactivation, particularly in the trachea. Moreover, BMAP27 was detected during BoHV-1 reactivation suggesting a potential role at this stage. Thus, cathelicidins are implicated in alpha-herpesvirus infections of the bovine respiratory system and the response is distinct during BoHV-1 and BoHV-5 acute infection and reactivation. This demonstrates that these viruses modulate differentially the components of innate immune response, possibly influencing their pathogenesis. This study provides an initial pilot analysis of factors that might be implicated in alpha-herpesvirus infection of the bovine respiratory system.


Assuntos
Catelicidinas/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Interferon beta/imunologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia , Animais , Bovinos , Citocinas/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Projetos Piloto , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/imunologia , Sistema Respiratório/imunologia , Sistema Respiratório/virologia , Regulação para Cima/imunologia
8.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215605, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002724

RESUMO

Recombinant herpesvirus vaccine vectors offer distinct advantages in next-generation vaccine development, primarily due to the ability to establish persistent infections to provide sustainable antigen responses in the host. Recombinant bovine herpesvirus-4 (BoHV-4) has been previously shown to elicit protective immunity in model laboratory animal species against a variety of pathogens. For the first time, we describe the induction of antigen-specific immune responses to two delivered antigens in the host species after intranasal nebulization of recombinant BoHV-4 expressing the chimeric peptide containing the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) glycoprotein E2 and the bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) glycoprotein D (BoHV-4-A-CMV-IgK-gE2gD-TM). In this study, four cattle were immunized via intranasal nebulization with the recombinant BoHV-4 construct. Two of the cattle were previously infected with wild-type BoHV-4, and both developed detectable serologic responses to BVDV and BoHV-1. All four immunized cattle developed detectable viral neutralizing antibody responses to BVDV, and one steer developed a transient viral neutralizing response to BoHV-1. Approximately one year after immunization, immunosuppressive doses of the glucocorticoid dexamethasone were administered intravenously to all four cattle. Within two weeks of immunosuppression, all animals developed viral neutralizing antibody responses to BoHV-1, and all animals maintained BVDV viral neutralizing capacity. Overall, nebulization of BoHV-4-A-CMV-IgK-gE2gD-TM persistently infects cattle, is capable of eliciting antigen-specific immunity following immunization, including in the presence of pre-existing BoHV-4 immunity, and recrudescence of the virus boosts the immune response to BoHV-4-vectored antigens. These results indicate that BoHV-4 is a viable and attractive vaccine delivery platform for use in cattle.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , DNA Recombinante/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 4/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , DNA Recombinante/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 4/genética , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinação/veterinária , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
9.
J Vet Med Sci ; 81(5): 780-786, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30918137

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1), a member of the Alphaherpesvirinae, causes a variety of diseases, which result in significant economic losses worldwide. Envelope glycoprotein D (gD) of BoHV-1 plays an important role in viral entry into the permissive cells, and protective immune response. The fine mapping epitope on the gD will contribute to the understanding of viral pathogenesis and development of alternative vaccines against various diseases associated with BoHV-1. We previously reported the preparation of a monoclonal antibody (MAb) 2B6, which was raised by a truncated recombinant gD protein, demonstrating a neutralizing activity against BoHV-1 infection in Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells. This study described the identification of a linear B-cell epitope on gD using MAb 2B6. A series of partially overlapping gD proteins with glutathione S-transferase tag were generated to define the epitope recognized by MAb 2B6. The amino acid (aa) sequence 323GEPKPGPSPDADRPE337 was recognized by MAb 2B6 using Western blot with the variedly truncated recombinant proteins. Importantly, this epitope was highly conserved among the typical members of BoHV-1, indicating that the epitope may be utilized in diagnosis of diseases due to BoHV-1 infection. Furthermore, the minimal linear epitope sequence 323GEPKPGP329 on gD recognized by MAb 2B6 was confirmed using single-aa residue deletion mutation in carboxyl terminal. This finding not only contributes to our understanding of gD of BoHV-1 virion but also shows a potential for the development of vaccine candidates and diagnostic techniques.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Anticorpos Antivirais , Mapeamento de Epitopos , Epitopos/genética , Escherichia coli , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética
10.
Viruses ; 11(1)2019 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609738

RESUMO

To date, in countries where infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) is widespread, its control is associated with deleted marker vaccines. These products lack one or more genes responsible for the synthesis of glycoproteins or enzymes. In Europe, the most widely used marker vaccine is one in which glycoprotein E (gE-) is deleted, and it is marketed in a killed or modified-live form. Using this type of immunization, it is possible to differentiate vaccinated animals (gE-) from those infected or injected with non-deleted (gE+) products using diagnostic tests specific for gE. The disadvantage of using modified-live gE-products is that they may remain latent in immunized animals and be reactivated or excreted following an immunosuppressive stimulus. For this reason, in the last few years, a new marker vaccine became commercially available containing a double deletion related to genes coding for gE and the synthesis of the thymidine-kinase (tk) enzyme, the latter being associated with the reduction of the neurotropism, latency, and reactivation of the vaccine virus. Intramuscularly and intranasally administered marker products induce a humoral immune response; however, the mother-to-calf antibody kinetics after vaccination with marker vaccines is poorly understood. This review discusses several published articles on this topic.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Imunidade Materno-Adquirida , Imunização Passiva/veterinária , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Fatores Etários , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Bovinos , Colostro/imunologia , Feminino , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/imunologia , Testes de Neutralização , Vacinas Atenuadas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Atenuadas/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem
11.
J Anim Sci ; 97(3): 1171-1184, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30597005

RESUMO

Objectives were to determine whether live yeast (LY) supplementation would affect daily dry matter feed intake, body weight (BW), immune, and febrile responses to a viral-bacterial (VB) respiratory challenge. Crossbred heifers (N = 38, BW = 230 ± 16.4 kg) were allocated into a 2 × 2 factorial treatment arrangement: Factor 1 = roughage-based diet with or without LY (Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii CNCM I-1079, 62.5 g/hd/d), Factor 2 = VB, intranasal administration of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1, 2 ×108, PFU) on day 0 and endobronchial inoculation with Mannheimia haemolytica (5.4 × 1010, CFU) on day 3, or intranasal saline administration followed by inoculation with phosphate buffer solution (PBS). Heifers were fed their respective diets for 27 d prior to VB challenge on day 0. Heifers were housed by treatment and group-fed using electronic feedbunks. Thermo-boluses (Medria; Châteaubourg, FR) measured rumen temperature (RUT) at 5-min intervals and rectal temperature and whole blood samples were collected on days 0, 3 to 8, 10, 13, and 15. Data were analyzed using repeated measures in the mixed procedure of SAS with fixed effects of day, diet, inoculation, and their interactions. Animals fed LY exhibited a 16% increase (P = 0.02) in neutrophils relative to CON. Diet × inoculation × day interactions were detected for monocytes and haptoglobin. The VB-LY had the greatest (P < 0.05) concentration of monocytes on day 4, followed by VB-CON which was greater (P < 0.05) than PBS treatments. Haptoglobin concentration was greatest (P < 0.02) for VB-CON on day 5, followed by VB-LY which was greater (P < 0.05) than PBS. Heifers supplemented with LY had less (P < 0.05) haptoglobin production than CON. The VB challenge produced nasal lesions that increased (P < 0.01) with day, reaching a zenith on day 6 with 70% of the nares covered with plaques, and increased (P < 0.05) neutrophils on days 3 to 5. The VB challenge increased RUT (P < 0.05) days 2 to 7 and rectal temperature (P < 0.05) on days 0 and 3 to 6. The increased rectal temperature on day 0 was likely due to increased ambient temperature at time of challenge, as VB heifers were processed after the PBS heifers to avoid contamination. The VB challenge was effective at stimulating immune responses, and RUT was effective for measuring febrile responses. These results indicate that prior LY supplementation altered the leukogram in response to VB challenge, suggestive of increased innate immune response.


Assuntos
Complexo Respiratório Bovino/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Mannheimia haemolytica/imunologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Complexo Respiratório Bovino/microbiologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia , Dieta/veterinária , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Haptoglobinas/análise , Imunidade Inata , Rúmen/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima
12.
J Anim Sci ; 97(1): 111-121, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30329060

RESUMO

The effect of a DNA immunostimulant on inflammatory and immune responses, performance, and health in calves following abrupt weaning and introduction to a concentrate diet was tested. Sixty-four single source Angus crossbred steers were weaned on day 1 and assigned to receive a DNA immunostimulant (TRT) or saline (CON) on days 0, 2, 4, and 6. On day 0, steers received clostridial and respiratory vaccines and anthelmintic; they were then transported 2 h, allocated to pens (n = 8 per pen), and introduced to total mixed ration. Daily intake, ADG, and feed efficiency were measured. Serum haptoglobin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) were assayed by ELISA or AlphaLISA on days 0, 2, 4, 6, 14, and 28; serum-neutralizing antibodies (SNA) to bovine herpesvirus-1 and bovine viral diarrhea virus-1 (BVDV-1) were quantified on days 0, 28, 68, and 135. In a subset of cattle (n = 6 to 8 per treatment group), the percent macrophages and activated gamma delta (γδ) T cells in blood was determined by flow cytometry on days 2 and 6, and expression of mRNA for TNF-α, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), IL-4, and IL-10 by stimulated blood mononuclear cells was assessed by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR on day 6. After 70 d, cattle were shipped 1,205 km to a feedlot and performance and health were followed. There was a significant effect of time on serum TNF-α, IL-1ß, haptoglobin, and SNA (P < 0.001); the range in concentration among cattle on each day was large. The ratio of IFN-γ to IL-4 expression was significantly higher (P = 0.03) for TRT cattle, suggesting that treatment activated T-helper type 1 cells. There was a trend toward an improved feed conversion (P = 0.10) for TRT steers over the 70-d backgrounding period. There was no effect of treatment on feedlot performance or carcass merit (P > 0.10). During backgrounding, 1 TRT steer died of enterocolitis. In spite of backgrounding, cattle experienced an outbreak of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in the feedlot and 1 of 31 TRT cattle and 5 of 32 CON cattle died of BRD. The immunostimulant modified some immune responses during backgrounding. Large variability in inflammatory responses during backgrounding indicated that events around weaning induce systemic inflammation that varies substantially among cattle.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina Tipo 1/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Animais , Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/virologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , DNA/farmacologia , Dieta/veterinária , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino
13.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 51(4): 753-758, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467815

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1) is the cause of economically significant viral infections in cattle. Respiratory symptoms associated with the infection are known as Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR). Sheep and goats are less sensitive to the infection although their role in inter-species viral transmission under field conditions is subject to controversy. The objective of this study was to investigate seroprevalence of BoHV1 infections in cattle, sheep, and goats raised together for at least a year. Blood serum samples were taken from 226 cattle, 1.053 sheep, and 277 goats from 17 small- to medium-scale farms. BoHV1-specific antibody presence and titers were determined using virus neutralization test. In total, 73 of the 226 cattle (32.3%) were seropositive. The infection was detected in 13 of the 17 farms. Infection rates ranged from 5.8 to 88.8%. Only one of the 1053 sheep (0.09%) was seropositive. However, 58 of the 277 (20.9%) goats were seropositive. Goat samples taken from 8 of the 17 farms were seropositive with infection rates ranging from 17 to 38.9%. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation in infection rates between cattle and goats but not sheep. These results suggest that goats may be more sensitive to the BHV1 infection than sheep and the role of goats as possible reservoirs for BoHV1 in the control and eradication of BHV1 in cattle should be considered in future studies.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/epidemiologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Bovinos , Reservatórios de Doenças/veterinária , Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia , Doenças das Cabras/transmissão , Doenças das Cabras/virologia , Cabras , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/transmissão , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/virologia , Testes de Neutralização/veterinária , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/transmissão , Doenças dos Ovinos/virologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
14.
BMC Vet Res ; 14(1): 387, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the reliability of a new strategy for monitoring the serological response against Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1), the causative agent of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR). Bulk milk samples have already been identified as cost effective diagnostic matrices for monitoring purposes. Nevertheless, most eradication programs are still based on individual standard assays. In a region of northwestern Italy (Piedmont), the voluntary eradication program for IBR has become economically unsustainable. Being the prevalence of infection still high, glycoprotein E-deleted marker vaccines are commonly used but gE blocking ELISAs are less sensitive on bulk milk samples compared to blood serum. RESULTS: A recently developed indirect gE ELISA showed high versatility when applied to a wide range of matrices. In this study, we applied a faster, cost effective system for the concentration of IgG from pooled milk samples. The IgG enriched fractions were tested using a gE indirect ELISA for monitoring purposes in IBR-positive and IBR-marker-vaccinated herds. Official diagnostic tests were used as gold standard. During a 3 years study, a total 250 herds were involved, including more than 34,500 lactating cows. The proposed method showed a very good agreement with official diagnostic protocols and very good diagnostic performances: only 37 positive animals were not detected across the entire study. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlighted the ability of the proposed method to support the surveillance of IBR in the Piedmont region, reducing the costs without affecting the diagnostic performances.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/análise , Indústria de Laticínios/métodos , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/diagnóstico , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/prevenção & controle , Leite/química , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Bovinos , Feminino , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Itália , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Vacinação/veterinária
15.
Vaccine ; 36(50): 7708-7714, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30381153

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus 5 (BoHV-5) is responsible for outbreaks of meningoencephalitis that cause important economic losses in young cattle. BoHV-5 glycoprotein D (gD5) is essential for attachment and penetration into permissive cells and targeting of host immune systems, inducing strong humoral and cellular immune responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vaccinal immune response of vaccines formulated with the recombinant BoHV-5 gD (rgD5) in bovines. For the experiment, 72 heifers were randomly allotted into 6 different groups with 12 animals each. Group 1: vaccine formulated using inactivated BoHV-5 (iBoHV-5) adjuvanted with ISA50V2; Group 2: iBoHV-5 associated with 100 µg of rgD5 adjuvanted with ISA50V2; Group 3: 100 µg of rgD5 adjuvanted with ISA50V2; Group 4: 100 µg of rgD5 adjuvanted with Al(OH)3; Group 5: commercial vaccine; and Group 6: control group. Two doses were administered in a 26-day interval and the third after 357 days from primo vaccination. Cattle vaccinated with the vaccines formulated with iBoHV-5 plus rgD5 showed a significant (p < 0.01) five-fold increase in total immunoglobulin G (IgG) for BoHV-5, BoHV-1, and rgD5 as compared with the commercial and control groups. Also, a significant (p < 0.05) increase in IgG1 and IgG2a levels was induced in serum for rgD5. In addition, these same vaccines showed significant (p < 0.01) four-fold higher titers of BoHV-1 and -5 neutralizing antibodies. The results demonstrated that the rgD5 conserved important epitopes that were able to stimulate bovine humoral immunity response capable of viral neutralization of BoHV-1 and -5, suggesting it as a promising vaccine antigen to be used in vaccine for BoHV-1 and -5 endemic areas.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Antígenos Virais/genética , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Feminino , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/prevenção & controle , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/imunologia , Esquemas de Imunização , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Proteínas do Envelope Viral/genética , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Virais/genética
16.
Res Vet Sci ; 120: 54-56, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218851

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) is the causative agent of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) and is also associated with reproductive failure. This study investigated the presence of BoHV-1 in cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) of naturally-infected cows without clinical signs of IBR. The presence of BoHV-1 in COCs was evaluated by immunofluorescence using confocal laser scanning microscopy. Blood samples and ovaries from 82 cows that had not been vaccinated against BoHV-1 were collected for serological analysis. COCs were divided into two pools: COCs derivate from seropositive cows and from seronegative cows. Then, the samples were processed for confocal microscopy analysis. The results indicated that 61% (50/82) of cows were seropositive for BoHV-1. A total of 719 COCs were obtained from the cows and processed. None of 276 COCs from the 32 seronegative cows presented BoHV-1. However, BoHV-1 was present in the cytoplasm of cumulus cells from 158 out of 443 COCs aspirated from the seropositive cows. The detection of BoHV-1 in the COCs of seropositive cows suggests that the COCs of naturally-infected, asymptomatic cows may be infected with BoHV-1.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Células do Cúmulo/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/isolamento & purificação , Oócitos/virologia , Animais , Feminino , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30017083

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus (BoHV) types 1 and 5 are neuroinvasive. Cases of BoHV-1-induced encephalitis are not as frequent as those caused by BoHV-5. In this study, the capability of BoHV-5 to induce apoptosis in cell cultures and in the trigeminal ganglion during acute infection of experimentally-infected cattle was analyzed. Apoptotic changes in cell cultures agree with the ability of the viral strains to replicate in each cell line. Marked differences were observed between the in vitro induction of apoptosis by BoHV-1Cooper and BoHV-5 97/613 strains. Apoptotic neurons were clearly evident in the trigeminal ganglion of BoHV-1-infected calves. For BoHV-5 a fewer number of positive neurons was observed. There is an association between the magnitude of bovine herpesviruses replication and the induction of apoptosis in trigeminal ganglion. These findings suggest that the induction of apoptosis and the innate immune response orchestrate the final outcome of alpha herpesviruses infection of the bovine nervous system.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/veterinária , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/patogenicidade , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/patogenicidade , Neurônios/virologia , Gânglio Trigeminal/virologia , Animais , Apoptose , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Células Epiteliais/imunologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Células HeLa , Infecções por Herpesviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/patologia , Infecções por Herpesviridae/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 5/imunologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Neurônios/imunologia , Neurônios/patologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Gânglio Trigeminal/imunologia , Gânglio Trigeminal/patologia , Replicação Viral
18.
J Dairy Sci ; 101(7): 6190-6204, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705421

RESUMO

Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is a viral pathogen of global significance that is known to instigate several diseases in cattle, the most notable of which include infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and bovine respiratory disease. The genetic variability in the humoral immune response to BoHV-1 has, to our knowledge, not ever been quantified. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were to estimate the genetic parameters for the humoral immune response to BoHV-1 in Irish female dairy cattle, as well as to investigate the genetic relationship between the humoral immune response to BoHV-1 with milk production performance, fertility performance, and animal mortality. Information on antibody response to BoHV-1 was available to the present study from 2 BoHV-1 sero-prevalence research studies conducted between the years 2010 to 2015, inclusive; after edits, BoHV-1 antibody test results were available on a total of 7,501 female cattle from 58 dairy herds. National records of milk production (i.e., 305-d milk yield, fat yield, protein yield, and somatic cell score; n = 1,211,905 milk-recorded cows), fertility performance (i.e., calving performance, pregnancy diagnosis, and insemination data; n = 2,365,657 cows) together with animal mortality data (i.e., birth, farm movement, death, slaughter, and export events; n = 12,853,257 animals) were also available. Animal linear mixed models were used to quantify variance components for BoHV-1 as well as to estimate genetic correlations among traits. The estimated genetic parameters for the humoral immune response to BoHV-1 in the present study (i.e., heritability range: 0.09 to 0.16) were similar to estimates previously reported for clinical signs of bovine respiratory disease in dairy and beef cattle (i.e., heritability range: 0.05 to 0.11). Results from the present study suggest that breeding for resistance to BoHV-1 infection could reduce the incidence of respiratory disease in cattle while having little or no effect on genetic selection for milk yield or milk constituents (i.e., genetic correlations ranged from -0.13 to 0.17). Moreover, even though standard errors were large, results also suggest that breeding for resistance to BoHV-1 infection may indirectly improve fertility performance while also reducing the incidence of mortality in older animals (i.e., animals >182 d of age). Results can be used to inform breeding programs of potential genetic gains achievable for resistance to BoHV-1 infection in cattle.


Assuntos
Bovinos , Variação Genética , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Imunidade Humoral/genética , Rinotraqueíte Infecciosa Bovina/imunologia , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade , Lactação , Leite , Gravidez
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(4): 595-604, abr. 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-955370

RESUMO

A busca por alternativa aos fármacos sintéticos têm revelado descobertas no campo da farmacologia e, nesse sentido, melitina e apamina, dois constituintes do veneno de abelhas, foram descritas com várias ações farmacológicas. Este estudo objetivou avaliar in vitro as capacidades antiviral e virucida destes componentes. Para tanto, células MDBK (Madin Darby Bovine Kidney), após verificação das respectivas doses tóxicas por ensaio MTT ((3-(4,5 dimetiltiazol-2yl)-2-5-difenil-2H tetrazolato de bromo), foram cultivadas em microplacas e tratadas com diferentes concentrações de apamina, melitina e sua associação. Esse tratamento ocorreu antes e após a infecção com 0,1 MOI (multiplicidade de infecção) de cepas citopatogênicas de herpesvírus bovino tipo 1 (BoHV-1) cepa Los Angeles e vírus da diarreia viral bovina (BVDV) cepa NADL. Após incubação por 72 horas, 37oC, as células foram submetidas ao ensaio MTT para estimativa da viabilidade celular. Em experimento paralelo, placas que foram submetidas ao mesmo procedimento sofreram ciclo de congelamento e descongelamento das células, para rompimento das mesmas e mensuração dos títulos virais. O ensaio virucida foi realizado incubando-se suspensões de BoHV-1 e BVDV com as soluções de apamina, melitina e associação por 24 horas a 37oC e 22oC. O título viral foi avaliado às 0 horas, 1, 2, 4, 8 e 24 horas de incubação. A concentração citotóxica para 50% das células (CC50) de melitina foi 2,32 μg/ml e apamina não demonstrou toxicidade à maior concentração testada (100μg/ml). Houve efeito antiviral da melitina sobre BoHV-1, especialmente na concentração de 2μg/ml, onde observou-se 85,96% de viabilidade celular quando o tratamento foi realizado antes da infecção e 86,78% de viabilidade quando o tratamento foi realizado após a infecção. Houve ainda redução de 90% das partículas virais de BoHV-1. Em menores concentrações (1 e 1,5μg/ml) de melitina não houve atividade antiviral, pois a viabilidade celular foi baixa, demonstrando efeito citopático do vírus. Na associação das duas substâncias houve queda no título de BVDV e observou-se maior viabilidade celular quando comparados à ação isolada dos composto sobre este vírus. Isso se confirma na atividade virucida, uma vez que houve decréscimo de 90% das partículas virais de BVDV com a associação dos dois compostos do veneno de abelhas. Atuando individualmente, melitina apresentou efeito antiviral e virucida frente ao BoHV-1, zerando seu título em apenas 2 horas a 37oC. Conclui-se que melitina tem ação antiviral e virucida frente ao BoHV-1 e sua associação com apamina potencializou seus efeitos frente ao BVDV.(AU)


The search for an alternative to synthetic drugs have revealed discoveries in the field of pharmacology and, according to melittin and apamin, two components of bee venom which have been described were with various pharmacological actions.This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antiviral and virucidal capabilities of these components. Therefore, after verification of their toxic doses by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, MDBK cells (Madin Darby Bovine Kidney) have been cultivated in microplates and treated with different concentrations of apamin, melittin and its association. This treatment occurred before and after infection with MOI (multiplicity of infection) 0.1 of cytopathogenic strains of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) strain Los Angeles and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) strain NADL. After incubation for 72 hours, 37°C, the cells were submitted to MTT assay to estimate cell viability. In parallel experiments, plates were subjected to the same procedure suffered freezing and thawing cycle the cells to rupture the same and measurement of viral titers. The virucidal assay was performed by incubating suspension of bovine herpesvirus type-1 and BVDV with apamin solutions, melittin and association for 24 hours at 37°C and 22°C. The viral titer was evaluated at 0 hours, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 hours of incubation. The cytotoxic concentration to 50% of the cells (CC50) of melittin was 2.32g/mL and apamin did not show toxicity at the greater concentration tested (100μg/mL). There was antiviral effect of melittin on bovine herpesvirus type-1, especially at a concentration of 2μg/mL, where was observed 85.96% cell viability when treatment was performed before the infection and 86.78% viability when the treatment was carried out after infection. There was also a 90% reduction of viral particles of bovine herpesvirus type-1. In lower concentrations (1 and 1.5μg/mL) melittin no antiviral activity because cell viability was low, showing cytopathic effect of the virus. At the association two substances there were a decrease in the title of BVDV and there was higher cell viability when compared to the isolated action of the compounds of this virus. This is confirmed in the virucidal activity, since there was a decrease of 90% of the viral particles of BVDV with the combination of the two compounds of bee venom. Acting individually, melittin showed antiviral effect and virucidal against for BoHV-1, zeroing its title in just 2 hours at 37°C. It is concluded that melittin has antiviral and virucidal action against the BoHV-1 and its association with apamin potentiate its effects against BVDV.(AU)


Assuntos
Apamina/administração & dosagem , Bovinos/anormalidades , Bovinos/virologia , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Meliteno/administração & dosagem
20.
Res Vet Sci ; 118: 43-51, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421483

RESUMO

The study objectives were: 1) to characterise the development of immunocompetence in beef suckler calves from birth to three months of age, and 2) to trace glycoprotein E (gE)-negative bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) antibodies from dam to calf and subsequent vaccination against pneumonia. Thirty multiparous beef suckler, spring-calving cows, consisting of two genotypes were involved; Limousin×Friesian (LF) and Charolais×Limousin (CL). Cows were immunised against the inactivated antigen strain of BoHV-1 (gE- (IBR marker vaccine) at day -84 and received a booster at day -56 relative to the expected calving date (d 0). Calves were immunised at 14 and 42days of age against PI-3 virus, BRSV and Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica serotype A1 using a commercial vaccine administered subcutaneously. Additionally, calves were immunised against BoHV-1 at 42days of age, using 1 dose of a live commercial vaccine administered intranasally. Blood samples were collected from all calves (n=30) via jugular venipuncture at birth, prior to colostrum feeding (0h), at 12h (h), 24h, 72h and 168h after the initial feeding of colostrum, and at d 7, 14, 28, 42, 56 and 84 post birth. The mean ratio of gE negative antibodies circulating in the blood of LF and CL dams pre-partum scored negative to gE ab (S/N≥0.70). Antibody levels of BoHV-1 (wild type (wt)) peaked at 12h post-birth in calves and declined thereafter, as the maternal antibodies decayed. There was no difference in BoHV-1 and BRSV antibody levels in calves post vaccination.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle , Herpesvirus Bovino 1/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Animais Lactentes , Bovinos , Feminino , Imunização Passiva/veterinária , Gravidez , Vacinação
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