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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5201, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465779

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a post-transcriptional modification that controls gene expression by recruiting proteins to RNA sites. The modification also slows biochemical processes through mechanisms that are not understood. Using temperature-dependent (20°C-65°C) NMR relaxation dispersion, we show that m6A pairs with uridine with the methylamino group in the anti conformation to form a Watson-Crick base pair that transiently exchanges on the millisecond timescale with a singly hydrogen-bonded low-populated (1%) mismatch-like conformation in which the methylamino group is syn. This ability to rapidly interchange between Watson-Crick or mismatch-like forms, combined with different syn:anti isomer preferences when paired (~1:100) versus unpaired (~10:1), explains how m6A robustly slows duplex annealing without affecting melting at elevated temperatures via two pathways in which isomerization occurs before or after duplex annealing. Our model quantitatively predicts how m6A reshapes the kinetic landscape of nucleic acid hybridization and conformational transitions, and provides an explanation for why the modification robustly slows diverse cellular processes.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , DNA/química , DNA/metabolismo , Adenosina/química , Adenosina/genética , Adenosina/metabolismo , Pareamento de Bases , DNA/genética , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA , Uridina/química , Uridina/genética , Uridina/metabolismo
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491893

RESUMO

Cells of bacterial strains G9T and 7MK23T, isolated from forest soil samples collected from the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China, were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. Strain G9T was motile with single polar flagellum and grew at 12-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), pH 4.5-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.5) and in the presence of 0-3.5 % NaCl (optimum, 1.5%, w/v); while strain 7MK23T was non-motile and grew at 12-42 °C (optimum, 28-33 °C), pH 2.5-8.5 (optimum, pH 4.5-6.5) and NaCl levels of 0-1.0 % (optimum, 0-0.5 %, w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that both isolates fell within the cluster of the genus Dyella. The closely related species (with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity >98.65%) of strain G9T were Dyella terrae JS14-6T (99.0 %), D. kyungheensis THG-B117T (98.8 %) and D. amyloliquefaciens DHC06T (98.7 %) while that of strain 7MK23T were D. mobilis DHON07T (99.2 %) and D. flava DHOC52T (99.1 %), but the average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strains G9T, 7MK23T and the closely related Dyella species listed above were in the ranges of 77.5-83.8 % and 22.0-27.0 %, much lower than the species demarcation lines of 95.5 and 70 %, respectively. Phylogenomic analyses using UBCG and Phylophlan also supported that these two strains represent two novel species of Dyella. The major fatty acids of strain G9T were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 ω9c and iso-C17 : 0 while that of strain 7MK23T were iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. Ubiquinone-8 was the only respiratory quinone detected in both strains. The polar lipids of strain G9T consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and several unknown phospholipids, aminophospholipids, aminolipids and lipid while strain 7MK23T contained phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine and several unknown phospholipids and aminophospholipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains G9T and 7MK23T were 64.7 and 63.4 mol%, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses as well as phenotypic data obtained, we propose that strains G9T and 7MK23T represent two novel species of the genus Dyella, for which the names Dyella telluris sp. nov. (type strain G9T=KACC 21725T=GDMCC 1.2132T) and Dyella acidiphila sp. nov. (type strain 7MK23T=KCTC 62739T=GDMCC 1.1446T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Florestas , Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494947

RESUMO

Three Gram-positive bacterial strains, BML-BC004, BML-BC017 and BML-BC059, isolated from blood samples from three inpatients in Japan, were identified as members of Bacillus cereus using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight MS. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of these three strains were more than 97.1 % similar to 18 type strains belonging to the B. cereus group. Whole-genome comparisons, using average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH), confirmed that the three strains represented three individual distinct species belonging to the B. cereus group. A phylogenetic tree showed that BML-BC004, BML-BC017 and BML-BC059 were located close to B. luti, B. mobilis and B. paramycoides, respectively. Based on these phylogenetic and phenotypic data, including values below the threshold for ANI and dDDH, the three strains should be classified as representing three different novel species of the B. cereus group: Bacillus sanguinis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC004T (=DSM 111102T=JCM 34122T), Bacillus paramobilis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC017T (=DSM 111100T=JCM 34124T) and Bacillus hominis sp. nov., with type strain BML-BC059T (=DSM 111101T=JCM 34125T).


Assuntos
Bacillus cereus/classificação , Sangue/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillus cereus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Japão , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495823

RESUMO

The novel, anaerobic, Gram-positive, rod-shaped bacterial strain, ResAG-91T, was isolated from a faecal sample of a male human volunteer. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain ResAG-91T showed high similarity to the type strains of Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. equolifaciens and Adlercreutzia equolifaciens subsp. celatus. Analysis of the whole draft genome sequences, i.e. digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI), of strain ResAG-91T and the type strains of Adlercreutzia species revealed that strain ResAG-91T represents a novel species of the genus Adlercreutzia. The genome size of strain ResAG-91T is 2.8 Mbp and the G+C content is 63.3 mol%. The major respiratory quinone of strain ResAG-91T was MMK-5 (methylmenaquinone). Major cellular fatty acids were C15 : 0 anteiso, C14 : 0 iso and C14 : 0 2-OH. Galactose and ribose were detected as major whole cell sugars. Furthermore, the peptidoglycan type of strain ResAG-91T was A1γ with meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified lipid, three unidentified phospholipids and five unidentified glycolipids. Strain ResAG-91T was able to metabolize the stilbene resveratrol into dihydroresveratrol. On the basis of this polyphasic approach, including phenotypical, molecular (16S rRNA gene and whole genome sequencing) and biochemical (fatty acids, quinones, polar lipids, peptidoglycan, whole cell sugars, Rapid ID32A and API20A) analyses, we propose the novel species Adlercreutzia rubneri sp. nov. with the type and only strain ResAG-91T (=DSM 111416T=JCM 34176T=LMG 31897T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Resveratrol , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499597

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-negative, yellow-pigmented, non-spore-forming rod, aerobic, motile bacterium, designated SJY3T, was isolated from soil samples collected from a Pu-erh tea cellar in Bolian Pu-erh tea estate Co. Ltd. in Pu'er city, Yunnan, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Massilia. The closest phylogenetic relative was Massilia arenae CICC 24458T (99.5 %), followed by M. timonae CCUG45783T (97.9 %), M. oculi CCUG43427AT (97.8 %), and M. aurea DSM 18055T (97.8 %). The major fatty acids were C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c. The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and phosphatidylethanolamine. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 5.97 M bp and a G+C content of 65.4 mol%. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values were all below the threshold. Although the 16S rRNA gene similarity of stain SJY3T and Massilia arenae CICC 24458T was more than 99 %, the gANI, dDDH values and genomic tree clearly indicated that they were not of the same species. In summary, strain SJY3T represents a new species, for which we propose the name Massilia puerhi sp. nov. with the type strain SJY3T (=CGMCC 1.17158T=KCTC 82193T).


Assuntos
Oxalobacteraceae/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Chá , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516367

RESUMO

Strain F2AT, isolated from the cricket Acheta domesticus, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped, Gram-stain-negative and catalase- and oxidase-positive. It did not assimilate any carbohydrates. The strain's 16S rRNA gene sequence showed highest similarity to Entomomonas moraniae QZS01T (96.4 %). The next highest similarity values were found to representatives of related genera (<93 %). The genome size of strain F2AT was 3.2 Mbp and the G+C content was 36.4 mol%. Average nucleotide identity values based on blast and MUMmer and average amino acid identity values between strain F2AT and E. moraniae QZS01T were 74.29/74.43, 83.88 and 74.70 %, respectively. The quinone system predominantly contained ubiquinone Q-8. In the polar lipid profile, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid were detected. The polyamine pattern consisted of the major compounds putrescine and spermidine. Major fatty acids were C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0 and the hydroxyl acids were C12 : 0 3-OH, C14 : 0 2-OH and C14 : 0 3-OH. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. Due to its association with the only species of the genus Entomomonas but its distinctness from E. moraniae we here propose the novel species Entomomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov. F2AT (=CCM 9136T=LMG 32211T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Gryllidae , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona
7.
Talanta ; 235: 122763, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517624

RESUMO

The disease diagnosis by detecting single microRNAs (miRNAs) can produce high false positive rate. Herein, a novel fluorescence biosensor method for one-step simultaneous detection of multiple miRNAs was proposed by using single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) functionalized double quantum dots (QDs) and black hole quencher (BHQ)-decorated magnetic nanobeads (MNs). MNs were linked with two black hole quenchers (BHQ1 and BHQ3) via a complementary DNA (cDNA). The ssDNA/cDNA hybridization contributed to the fluorescence quenching of double QDs due to the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between double QDs and BHQ. In the presence of target miRNA-33 (miR-33) and miRNA-125b (miR-125b), the ssDNA1 and ssDNA2 were respectively hybridized with miR-33 and miR-125b to form more stable duplexes. Thus, the double QDs were released into supernatant after the magnetic separation, leading to the fluorescence signals recovery at 537 nm and 647 nm. A wide linear range (0.5 nM-320 nM for miR-33 and 0.1 nM-250 nM for miR-125b) and low limits of detection (0.09 nM for miR-33 and 0.02 nM for miR-125b) were achieved. Moreover, our approach has been demonstrated to simultaneously detect miR-33 and miR-125b in cell extracts. With advantages of high sensitivity, strong specificity, low background and low cost, the strategies show great potentials for the detection of various targets in bioanalysis and disease diagnosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Pontos Quânticos , DNA de Cadeia Simples/genética , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , MicroRNAs/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
8.
Talanta ; 235: 122802, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517660

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are physiological status-related molecules which can be used as biomarkers for diseases, such as cancers. The point-of-care testing (POCT) of miRNAs has great application potential in early diagnosis and process monitoring of diseases. In this paper, a fast and dual signal outputs detection for microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) was established by using both personal glucose meter (PGM) and fluorescence spectrometer. In such an assay protocol, a dual-functional hairpin structure was rationally designed to recognize miRNA-21 and serve as the carrier of the reporter adenosine monophosphate (AMP). The hairpin structure can be specifically degraded by exonuclease T (Exo T) after hybridization with the target miRNA-21, releasing a large amount of AMP as the reporter. Then a smart signal conversion machinery composed of four enzymes and the corresponding substrates was employed to produce dual output signals through enzymatic cascade reactions. The machinery includes two parts: an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation system and a glucose consumption/NADPH production system. The produced AMP in the former step triggers the production of ATP, and subsequently the consumption of glucose and the production of NADPH. The changes of both glucose and NADPH are proportional to the concentration of miRNA-21, and can be determined by PGM and fluorescence spectrometer, respectively. Besides, the build-in substrate-recycling mechanism achieves signal amplification of the cascade enzymatic reactions. Under the optimal experimental conditions, the PGM signal is linearly correlated with the concentration of miRNA-21 in the range from 5 to 150 nM, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 3.65 nM. The LOD of fluorescence detection mode is even lowered to 0.03 nM. The miRNA-21-spiked serum samples, as well as the actual serum samples from cancer patients, have been successfully detected by this detection strategy. Thus the established assay provides a POCT solution for cancer diagnosis and prognosis.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
9.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(10): 3804-3810, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468853

RESUMO

During our studies focused on the microorganism diversity and community structure of Populus euphratica at Ebinur lake wetland nature reserve in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, PR China, a Gram-positive, aerobic, short rod-shaped bacterium without flagellum, designated as MD2T, was isolated from a piece of resina on Populus euphratica. The isolate grew at temperature of 10-45 °C (optimum 37 °C), pH of 7.0-12.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and NaCl concentration of 1-18% (optimum 3%, w/v). Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences and the phylogenetic analysis, the strain shared the highest sequence similarities to Nesterenkonia alkaliphila JCM 19766T (96.3%), Nesterenkonia populi KCTC 29119T (95.9%), Nesterenkonia alba CCTCC AB 207011T (95.5%), and was placed within the radiation of Nesterenkonia species in the phylogenetic trees. The draft genome of the isolate was sequenced, which comprised 3,739,891 bp with G + C content of 63 mol%, and was annotated to contain 3614 protein-coding genes, 44 tRNA genes and 5 rRNA genes. Chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the main respiratory quinones were MK-8 and MK-9, the predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C17:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0, the major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol andphosphatidylinositol. According to the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic features, strain MD2T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Nesterenkonia ebinurensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MD2T (= KCTC 52999T = MCCC 1K03343T).


Assuntos
Populus , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Micrococcaceae , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520338

RESUMO

A novel rhizobacterium, designated strain NEAU-GH312T, with antibacterial activity against Ralstonia solanacearum was isolated from rhizosphere soil of rice (Heilongjiang Province, PR China) and characterized with a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain NEAU-GH312T were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, motile with peritrichous flagella and rod-shaped. Colonies were light orange, convex and semi-translucent on Reasoner's 2A (R2A) agar after 2 days of incubation at 28 °C. Growth was observed on R2A agar at 10-40 °C, pH 4.0-8.0 and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl. The respiratory quinone was ubiquinone Q-8. The major cellular fatty acids of strain NEAU-GH312T were C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c. The main polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the well-supported affiliation of strain NEAU-GH312T within the genus Massilia, close to the type strains of Massilia arvi THG-RS2OT (98.7 %), Massilia norwichensis NS9T (98.7 %) and Massilia kyonggiensis TSA1T (98.6 %). Strain NEAU-GH312T had a genome size of 6.68 Mb and an average DNA G+C content of 66.3 mol%. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data obtained in this study, strain NEAU-GH312T could be classified as representative of a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed, with strain NEAU-GH312T (=DSM 109722T=CCTCC AB 2019142T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Oryza , Ralstonia solanacearum , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oxalobacteraceae , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Microbiologia do Solo
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524954

RESUMO

Two Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria, H1T and H3T, isolated from the digestive tract of Heterorhabditis entomopathogenic nematodes were biochemically and molecularly characterized to determine their taxonomic positions. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of these strains indicate that they belong to the Gammaproteobacteria, to the family Morganellaceae, and to the Photorhabdus genus. Deeper analyses using whole genome-based phylogenetic reconstructions show that strains H1T and H3T are closely related to P. akhurstii DSM 15138T, to P. hainanensis DSM 22397T, and to P. namnaonensis PB45.5T. In silico genomic comparisons confirm these observations and show that strain H1T shares 70.6, 66.8, and 63.5 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) with P. akhurstii DSM 15138T, P. hainanensis DSM 22397T, and P. namnaonensis PB45.5T, respectively, and that strain H3T shares 76.6, 69.4, and 59.2 % dDDH with P. akhurstii DSM 15138T, P. hainanensis DSM 22397T, and P. namnaonensis PB45.5T, respectively. Physiological and biochemical characterization reveals that these two strains differ from most of the validly described Photorhabdus species and from their more closely related taxa. Given the clear phylogenetic separations, that the threshold to discriminate species and subspecies is 70 and 79% dDDH, respectively, and that strains H1T and H3T differ physiologically and biochemically from their more closely related taxa, we propose to classify H1T and H3T into new taxa as follows: H3T as a new subspecies within the species P. akhurstii, and H1T as a new species within the Photorhabdus genus, in spite that H1T shares 70.6 % dDDH with P. akhurstii DSM 15138T, score that is slightly higher than the 70 % threshold that delimits species boundaries. The reason for this is that H1T and P. akhurstii DSM 15138T cluster apart in the phylogenetic trees and that dDDH scores between strain H1T and other P. akhurstii strains are lower than 70 %. Hence, the following names are proposed: Photorhabdus hindustanensis sp. nov. with the type strain H1T (=IARI-SGMG3T,=KCTC 82683T=CCM 9150T=CCOS 1975T) and P. akhurstii subsp. bharatensis subsp. nov. with the type strain H3T (=IARI-SGHR2T=KCTC 82684T=CCM 9149T=CCOS 1976T). These propositions automatically create P. akhurstii subsp. akhurstii subsp. nov. with DSM 15138T as the type strain (currently classified as P. akhurstii).


Assuntos
Nematoides , Photorhabdus , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Photorhabdus/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 14147-14155, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477696

RESUMO

The potential of carbon dots (CDs) for photonic conversion to charged states, together with the ability of DNA to transport such charge for extensive charge separation, offers an opportunity to control directionality of migration for photo-induced radical cations in CD-DNA based nano-assemblies. This is achieved through engineering the reaction valency of CDs whereby one CD is covalently conjugated with one ssDNA strand. Subsequently, a CD-DNA-CD nano-dumbbell architecture was created through hybridization mediated self-assembly. The time and intensity-dependent transduction of visible light photonic energy to chemical potential in DNA was achieved through irradiation of 1,4-diaminoathraquinone and glyoxal derived CD with 100 W tungsten source and natural sunlight. Following charge injection by CD, the radical cation migration in DNA was perceived through trapping of the hole in repeated GG steps in the DNA. Overall, a breakthrough in visible-light-induced charge transfer by CD into DNA was achieved, potentially applicable to optobioelectronics.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , DNA , Luz , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
13.
Nanoscale ; 13(30): 12848-12853, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477769

RESUMO

Nucleic acid nanostructures are promising biomaterials for the delivery of homologous gene therapy drugs. Herein, we report a facile strategy for the construction of target mRNA (scaffold) and antisense (staple strands) co-assembled RNA/DNA hybrid "origami" for efficient gene therapy. In our design, the mRNA was folded into a chemically well-defined nanostructure through RNA-DNA hybridization with high yield. After the incorporation of an active cell-targeting aptamer, the tailored RNA/DNA hybrid origami demonstrated efficient cellular uptake and controllable release of antisenses in response to intracellular RNase H digestion. The biocompatible RNA/DNA origami (RDO) elicited a noticeable inhibition of cell proliferation based on the silencing of the tumor-associated gene polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). This RDO-based nanoplatform provides a novel strategy for the further development of gene therapy.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , RNA , DNA/genética , Terapia Genética , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA/genética
14.
Anal Chem ; 93(34): 11792-11799, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407610

RESUMO

The exosome has emerged as a promising noninvasive biomarker for the early diagnosis of cancer. Therefore, it is highly desirable to develop simple, inexpensive, and user-friendly biosensors for convenient, sensitive, and quantitative exosome assay. Herein, we developed a simple and cost-efficient electrochemical biosensor by combining a metal-organic framework (MOF)-functionalized paper and a screen-printed electrode (SPE) for portable, ultrasensitive, and quantitative determination of cancer-derived exosomes. In principle, the biosensor relied on recognition of the exosome by Zr-MOFs and aptamer to initiate the hybridization chain reaction (HCR) and the formation of DNAzyme for signal amplification. Benefiting from the high signal amplification ability of HCR, the label-free paper-based biosensor is capable of ultrasensitive exosome assay with a detection limit down to 5 × 103 particles/mL, which is superior to that of most reported methods. Moreover, the proposed paper-based biosensor possessed the advantages of low cost, simple operation, and high sensitivity, making it affordable and deliverable for point-of-care (POC) diagnosis in resource-limited settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Exossomos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Limite de Detecção , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351256

RESUMO

Four Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped and motile strains (Y26, Y57T, ZJ14WT and RP18W) were isolated from mariculture fishponds in PR China. Comparisons based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains Y26 and Y57T share 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities in the range of 95.1-98.5 % with species of the genus Bowmanella, and strains ZJ14WT and RP18W share 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities in the range of 96.7 -98.8 % with species of the genus Amphritea, respectively. The genome sizes of strains Y26, Y57T, ZJ14WT and RP18W were about 4.85, 5.40, 4.70 and 4.70 Mbp with 49.5, 51.7, 51.2 and 51.3 mol% G+C content, respectively. The calculated pairwise OrthoANIu values among strains Y26, Y57T and species of the genus Bowmanella were in the range of 72.6-83.1 %, but the value between strains Y26 and Y57T was 96.2 %. The pairwise OrthoANIu values among strains ZJ14WT, RP18W and other species of the genus Amphritea were all less than 93.9 %, but the value between strains ZJ14WT and RP18W was 99.3 %. Q-8 was the major respiratory quinone of strains Y26, Y57T, ZJ14WT and RP18W, and the major fatty acids of these strains were all C16 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω7c. The predominant polar lipids of strains Y26 and Y57T included phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol, but strains ZJ14WT and RP18W only contained phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Combining phenotypic, biochemical and genotypic characteristics, strains Y26 and Y57T should belong to the same species and represent a novel member of the genus Bowmanella, and strains ZJ14WT and RP18W should belong to the same species and represent a novel member of the genus Amphritea, for which the names Bowmanella yangjiangensis sp. nov. (type strain Y57T=GDMCC 1.2180T=KCTC 82439T) and Amphritea pacifica sp. nov. (type strain ZJ14WT=GDMCC 1.2203T=KCTC 82438T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Aquicultura , Filogenia , Lagoas/microbiologia , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379581

RESUMO

The taxonomic status of the species Clostridium methoxybenzovorans was assessed. The 16S rRNA gene sequence, whole-genome sequence and phenotypic characterizations suggested that the type strain deposited in the American Type Culture Collection (C. methoxybenzovorans ATCC 700855T) is a member of the species Eubacterium callanderi. Hence, C. methoxybenzovorans ATCC 700855T cannot be used as a reference for taxonomic study. The type strain deposited in the German Collection of Microorganism and Cell Cultures GmbH (DSM 12182T) is no longer listed in its online catalogue. Also, both the 16S rRNA gene and the whole-genome sequences of the original strain SR3T showed high sequence identity with those of Lacrimispora indolis (recently reclassified from Clostridium indolis) as the most closely related species. Analysis of the two genomes showed average nucleotide identity based on blast and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 98.3 and 87.9 %, respectively. Based on these results, C. methoxybenzovorans SR3T was considered to be a member of L. indolis.


Assuntos
Clostridium , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Clostridium/classificação , Clostridium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379584

RESUMO

Three highly alkaliphilic bacterial strains designated as A1T, H1T and B1T were isolated from two highly alkaline springs at The Cedars, a terrestrial serpentinizing site. Cells from all strains were motile, Gram-negative and rod-shaped. Strains A1T, H1T and B1T were mesophilic (optimum, 30 °C), highly alkaliphilic (optimum, pH 11) and facultatively autotrophic. Major cellular fatty acids were saturated and monounsaturated hexadecenoic and octadecanoic acids. The genome size of strains A1T, H1T and B1T was 2 574 013, 2 475 906 and 2 623 236 bp, and the G+C content was 66.0, 66.2 and 66.1 mol%, respectively. Analysis of the 16S rRNA genes showed the highest similarity to the genera Malikia (95.1-96.4 %), Macromonas (93.0-93.6 %) and Hydrogenophaga (93.0-96.6 %) in the family Comamonadaceae. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and phylogenomic analysis based on core gene sequences revealed that the isolated strains diverged from the related species, forming a distinct branch. Average amino acid identity values of strains A1T, H1T and B1T against the genomes of related members in this family were below 67 %, which is below the suggested threshold for genera boundaries. Average nucleotide identity by blast values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization among the three strains were below 92.0 and 46.6 % respectively, which are below the suggested thresholds for species boundaries. Based on phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic characterization, we propose Serpentinimonas gen. nov., Serpentinimonas raichei sp. nov. (type strain A1T=NBRC 111848T=DSM 103917T), Serpentinimonas barnesii sp. nov. (type strain H1T= NBRC 111849T=DSM 103920T) and Serpentinimonas maccroryi sp. nov. (type strain B1T=NBRC 111850T=DSM 103919T) belonging to the family Comamonadaceae. We have designated Serpentinimonas raichei the type species for the genus because it is the dominant species in The Cedars springs.


Assuntos
Comamonadaceae , Filogenia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Comamonadaceae/classificação , Comamonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382925

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative strain, WQ 117T, isolated from the faeces of Rhinopithecus bieti collected at Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey National Park, Yunnan province, PR China, was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate represented a member of the genus Faecalibacter, sharing 97.64 % sequence similarity with the type strain Faecalibacter macacae YIM 102668T. The G+C content of the genomic DNA of WQ117T was 30.5 mol%. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major cellular fatty acids was iso-C15 : 0. The whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between WQ 117T and YIM 102668T were 79.66 % and 22.20 %, respectively. Growth occurred at 0-50 °C (optimally at 28-35 °C), pH 7.0-9.0 (optimally at pH 8.0) and with 0-2 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally without NaCl). On the basis of the taxonomic evidence, a novel species, Faecalibacter rhinopitheci sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is WQ 117T (=KCTC 82394T=CCTCC AA 2020027T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Presbytini , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Presbytini/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382927

RESUMO

As two separate genomic species, Streptomyces calvus and Streptomyces aureorectus were approved in 1980 and 1986, respectively. However, recently, it has been found that the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between S. calvus JCM 4326T and S. aureorectus DSM 41692T were 99.19 and 92.70 %, respectively, much higher than 95-96 and 70  % cut-off points proposed and the generally accepted species boundaries. These data indicated that they should be classified as the same genomic species. Furthermore, this result was also supported by a comprehensive comparison of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and physio-biochemical characteristics between the two type strains. All these data indicated that S. calvus and S. aureorectus had the same taxonomic position. In accordance with the principle of priority, it is proposed that S. aureorectus is a later heterotypic synonyms of S. calvus.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382928

RESUMO

A novel genistein-producing actinobacterial strain, designated strain CRPJ-33T, was isolated from the healthy leaves of a medicinal plant Xanthium sibiricum collected from Hunan Province, PR China. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated strain CRPJ-33T belonged to the genus Streptomyces and had 99.7, 99.0, 98.9, 98.9, 98.8 and 98.7% sequence similarities to Streptomyces zhihengii YIM T102T, Streptomyces eurocidicus NRRL B-1676T, Streptomyces xanthochromogenes NRRL B-5410T, Streptomyces michiganensis NBRC 12797T, Streptomyces mauvecolor LMG 20100T and Streptomyces lavendofoliae NBRC 12882T, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CRPJ-33T was most closely related to S. zhihengii YIM T102T. However, digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between them were much less than the recommended threshold values. Furthermore, differential comparisons of the phenotypic characteristics were enough to distinguish strain CRPJ-33T from S. zhihengii YIM T102T. Meanwhile, the ANI and dDDH values or MLSA distances between strain CRPJ-33T and other type strains, which exhibited ≥98.7 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to strain CRPJ-33T, were far away from the recommended threshold values. Based on these results, it is thought that strain CRPJ-33T should represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces genisteinicus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CRPJ-33T (=MCCC 1K04965T=JCM 34526T). In addition, the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, as well as phylogenetic information revealed that the type strains of S. xanthochromogenes and S. michiganensis should belong to same genomic species. Consequently, it is proposed that S. michiganensis is a heterotypic synonym of S. xanthochromogenes for which an emended description is given.


Assuntos
Genisteína/metabolismo , Filogenia , Streptomyces , Xanthium/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , Plantas Medicinais/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/classificação , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação
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