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1.
Science ; 370(6513)2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033187

RESUMO

Chen and Pfennig (Reports, 20 March 2020, p. 1377) analyze the fitness consequences of hybridization in toads but do not account for differences in survival among progeny. Apparent fitness effects depend on families with anomalously low survival, yet survival is crucial to evolutionary fitness. This and other analytical shortcomings demonstrate that a conclusion of adaptive mate choice is not yet justified.


Assuntos
Hibridização Genética , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Feminino , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Reprodução
2.
Science ; 370(6513)2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033188

RESUMO

Braun et al contend that we did not account for survival, but we did. Differential survival does not alter our conclusions, which were also robust to removing anomalous families. They ignore the study system's natural history justifying our fitness measures, while failing to account for our behavioral data. We stand by our conclusion that females adaptively choose among heterospecific males.


Assuntos
Hibridização Genética , Comportamento Sexual Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Reprodução
3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112436, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750677

RESUMO

Our recent experience of the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of easy-to-use, quick, cheap, sensitive and selective detection of virus pathogens for the efficient monitoring and treatment of virus diseases. Early detection of viruses provides essential information about possible efficient and targeted treatments, prolongs the therapeutic window and hence reduces morbidity. Graphene is a lightweight, chemically stable and conductive material that can be successfully utilized for the detection of various virus strains. The sensitivity and selectivity of graphene can be enhanced by its functionalization or combination with other materials. Introducing suitable functional groups and/or counterparts in the hybrid structure enables tuning of the optical and electrical properties, which is particularly attractive for rapid and easy-to-use virus detection. In this review, we cover all the different types of graphene-based sensors available for virus detection, including, e.g., photoluminescence and colorimetric sensors, and surface plasmon resonance biosensors. Various strategies of electrochemical detection of viruses based on, e.g., DNA hybridization or antigen-antibody interactions, are also discussed. We summarize the current state-of-the-art applications of graphene-based systems for sensing a variety of viruses, e.g., SARS-CoV-2, influenza, dengue fever, hepatitis C virus, HIV, rotavirus and Zika virus. General principles, mechanisms of action, advantages and drawbacks are presented to provide useful information for the further development and construction of advanced virus biosensors. We highlight that the unique and tunable physicochemical properties of graphene-based nanomaterials make them ideal candidates for engineering and miniaturization of biosensors.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Grafite , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/tendências , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Colorimetria , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Desenho de Equipamento , Grafite/química , Humanos , Luminescência , Nanoestruturas/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Análise Espectral Raman , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Virologia/métodos , Vírus/genética , Vírus/patogenicidade
4.
Mol Cell ; 79(3): 425-442.e7, 2020 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615088

RESUMO

Double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most deleterious DNA lesions, which, if left unrepaired, may lead to genome instability or cell death. Here, we report that, in response to DSBs, the RNA methyltransferase METTL3 is activated by ATM-mediated phosphorylation at S43. Phosphorylated METTL3 is then localized to DNA damage sites, where it methylates the N6 position of adenosine (m6A) in DNA damage-associated RNAs, which recruits the m6A reader protein YTHDC1 for protection. In this way, the METTL3-m6A-YTHDC1 axis modulates accumulation of DNA-RNA hybrids at DSBs sites, which then recruit RAD51 and BRCA1 for homologous recombination (HR)-mediated repair. METTL3-deficient cells display defective HR, accumulation of unrepaired DSBs, and genome instability. Accordingly, depletion of METTL3 significantly enhances the sensitivity of cancer cells and murine xenografts to DNA damage-based therapy. These findings uncover the function of METTL3 and YTHDC1 in HR-mediated DSB repair, which may have implications for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Metiltransferases/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Bleomicina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/patologia , Fosforilação , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/metabolismo , Rad51 Recombinase/genética , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolismo , Ribonuclease H/genética , Ribonuclease H/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4531-4536, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614764

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated 345S023T, was isolated from a sea water sample from the Indian Ocean. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that 345S023T represents a member of the genus Alteromonas, with closely related type strains Alteromonas fortis 1T (98.7 %), Alteromonas hispanica F-32T (98.6 %) and Alteromonas genovensis LMG 24078T (98.6 %). Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis revealed that 345S023T formed a phyletic lineage with Alteromonas australica H 17T. The case for 345S023T representing a novel species was supported by genomic results. Pairwise in silico DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values were much lower than the proposed and generally accepted species boundaries. Strain 345S023T contains ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone, summed featured 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and C18 : 1ω7c as the dominant cellular fatty acids (>10 %), and phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipids. The genome of strain 345S023T consisted of a 4.4 Mb chromosome with a DNA G+C content of 44.4 %. On the basis of these genomic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, we propose a novel species: Alteromonas profundi sp. nov. The type strain is 345S023T(=JCM 33893T=MCCC 1K04570T).


Assuntos
Alteromonas/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alteromonas/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4544-4554, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618559

RESUMO

The taxonomic status of six strains of Acinetobacter obtained from meat samples, collected from supermarkets in Porto, Portugal, was investigated using polyphasic analysis. Partial rpoB sequence similarities lower than 95 % to other Acinetobacter species with validly published names led to the hypothesis that these strains represented novel species. This was confirmed based on comparative multilocus sequence analysis, which included the gyrB, recA and 16S rRNA genes, revealing that these strains represented two coherent lineages that were distinct from each other and from all known species. The names Acinetobacter portensis sp. nov. (comprising four strains) and Acinetobacter guerrae sp. nov. (comprising two strains) are proposed for these novel species. The species status of these two groups was confirmed by low (below 95 %) whole-genome sequence average nucleotide identity values and low (below 70 %) digital DNA-DNA hybridization similarities between the whole-genome sequences of the proposed type strains of each novel species and the representatives of the known Acinetobacter species. Phylogenomic treeing from core genome analysis supported these results. The coherence of each new species lineage was supported by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry differentiation of the species at the protein level, by cellular fatty acid profiles, and by unique and differential combinations of metabolic and physiological properties shared by each novel species. The type strain of A. portensis sp. nov. is AC 877T (=CCUG 68672T=CCM 8789T) and the type strain of A. guerrae sp. nov. is AC 1271T (=CCUG 68674T=CCM 8791T).


Assuntos
Acinetobacter/classificação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Carne/microbiologia , Filogenia , Acinetobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Portugal , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4508-4514, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628105

RESUMO

The genus Dickeya is an important group of plant pathogens that currently comprises 10 recognized species. Although most Dickeya isolates originated from infected cultivated plants, they are also isolated from water. The genomic sequence of the Australian strain NCPPB 569T clearly established its separation from the previously characterized Dickeya species. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values obtained by comparing strain NCPPB 569T with strains of characterized Dickeya species were lower than 87 and 32 %, respectively, supporting the delineation of a new species. The name Dickeya poaceiphila sp. nov. is proposed for this taxon with the type strain NCPPB 569T (=CFBP 8731T). Two other strains isolated in Australia, CFBP 1537 and CFBP 2040, also belong to this species. Phenotypic and genomic comparisons enabled the identification of traits distinguishing D. poaceiphila isolates from strains of other Dickeya species.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Saccharum/microbiologia , Austrália , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Enterobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4583-4590, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639224

RESUMO

Three strains, designated as LB1R34T, LB3P52T and ZT4R6T, were isolated from glaciers located on the Tibetan Plateau, PR China. The strains were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile and yellow. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and genomic sequences indicated that they were related to the members of the genus Flavobacterium. The 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities between the three strains were 92.31-96.93 %. The average nucleotide identity values and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between these three strains and their closest relatives were 76.80-91.33 % and 21.3-44.2 %, respectively. LB1R34T, LB3P52T and ZT4R6T contained MK-6 as the major menaquinone, summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c) and iso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine was present in their polar lipids profiles. On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics, he results of phylogenetic analysis and genotypic data, three novel species, Flavobacterium restrictum sp. nov. (type strain=LB1 R34T=CGMCC 1.11493T=NBRC 113650T), Flavobacterium rhamnosiphilum sp. nov. (type strain=LB3 P52T=CGMCC 1.11446T=NBRC 113776T) and Flavobacterium zepuense sp. nov. (type strain=ZT4 R6T=CGMCC 1.11919T=NBRC 113653T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacterium/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4610-4615, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658636

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, gliding and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated strain C33T, was isolated from Yuncheng Salt Lake, Shanxi, PR China. Strain C33T grows optimally at 37 °C, pH 7.5 and 5.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells of strain C33T are 0.3-0.5 µm wide and 1.0-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. The major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The sole respiratory quinone is Q-8. The major polar lipids include phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicate that strain C33T has the highest similarities to Wenzhouxiangella marina KCTC 42284T (97.4 %), Wenzhouxiangella sediminis XDB06T (96.5 %) and 'Wenzhouxiangella salilacus' MCCC 1K03442T (95.2 %). The percentage of conserved proteins and average amino acid identity values between strain C33T and its close related species are higher than the threshold for dividing genera, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values are well below the threshold limits for species delineation. The genomic DNA G+C content is 63.7 mol%. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain C33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Wenzhouxiangella, for which the name Wenzhouxiangella limi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C33T (=MCCC 1H00413T=KCTC 72874T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4398-4405, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618557

RESUMO

We investigated the taxonomic relationships among Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus, Streptomyces libani subsp. rufus and Streptomyces platensis. The three species formed a single clade in the phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and multilocus sequence analyses. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization using whole genome sequences suggested that S. hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus, S. libani subsp. rufus and S. platensis belong to the same genomospecies. Previously reported phenotypic data also supported this synonymy. Therefore, S. hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus and S. libani subsp. rufus should be reclassified as later heterotypic synonyms of S. platensis.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4280-4284, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618558

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain PA15-N-34T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment of Pacific Ocean. The bacterium was Gram-stain-positive, oxidase- and catalase-positive and rod-shaped. Growth was observed at salinity of 0-15.0% NaCl and at temperatures of 10-45 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain PA15-N-34T belonged to the genus Alcanivorax, with the highest sequence similarity to Alcanivorax profundi MTEO17T (97.7 %), followed by Alcanivorax nanhaiticus 19 m-6T (97.3 %) and 12 other species of the genus Alcanivorax (93.4 %-97.0 %). The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain PA15-N-34T and type strains of the genus Alcanivorax were 71.46-81.78% and 18.7-25.2 %, respectively. The principal fatty acids (>10 %) were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c; 31.2 %), C16 : 0 (25.0 %) and summed feature 3 (14.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 57.15 mol%. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified lipids. The novel strain can be differentiated from its closest type strain by a negative test for urease and the presence of diphosphatidylglycerol and aminolipid. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain PA15-N-34T represents a novel species within the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax sediminis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain PA15-N-34T (=MCCC 1A14738T=KCTC 72163T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Temperatura
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4291-4297, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644916

RESUMO

We investigated the taxonomic relationships among Streptomyces diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus, Streptomyces diastaticus subsp. diastaticus, Streptomyces gougerotii and Streptomyces rutgersensis. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between S. diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus and S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus was 97.7 %, whereas S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus, S. gougerotii and S. rutgersensis showed 100 % nucleotide sequence identity. In addition, S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus, S. gougerotii and S. rutgersensis formed a single clade in the phylogenetic tree. Digital DNA-DNA relatedness between S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus and S. diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus was only 22.8%, indicative of different species. In comparison, DNA-DNA relatedness values for S. diastaticus subsp. diastaticus, S. gougerotii and S. rutgersensis ranged from 95.8 to 97.2 %, suggesting the three taxa belong to the same genomospecies. Previously reported phenotypic data also supported synonymy. Therefore, we propose that S. diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus should be classified as an independent species, Streptomyces ardesiacus sp. nov. The type strain is NBRC 13412T (=ATCC 3315T=CBS 713.72T=DSM 40496T=ISP 5496T=JCM 4745T=NBRC 3714T=NRRL B-1241T=RIA 1373T). Our data also suggests that S. rutgersensis and S. gougerotii should be reclassified as later heterotypic synonyms of S. diastaticus.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4515-4522, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614762

RESUMO

Two strains of lactic acid bacteria, designated Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T, were isolated from the gut of the damp-wood termite Hodotermopsis sjostedti. These strains were characterized genetically and phenotypically. Strain Hs20B0-1T was related to Lactococcus piscium DSM 6634T showing 96.3 and 84.2 % sequence similarity in 16S rRNA gene and rpoB gene sequences, respectively. Strain Hs30E4-3T was related to Lactococcus plantarum DSM 20686T showing 94.8 and 82.2 % sequence similarity in 16S rRNA gene and rpoB gene sequences, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T was 95.7 %. Furthermore, genomic comparisons using pairwise average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) analyses between strain Hs20B0-1T and L. piscium DSM 6634T resulted in values of 73.5 and 20.1 %, respectively. Strain Hs30E4-3T had 72.8 % ANI similarity and 21.3 % DDH similarity to L. plantarum DSM 20686T. Strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T had 75.4 % ANI similarity and 21.1 % DDH similarity to each other. The cell-wall peptidoglycan types of strains Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T were A4α, Lys-Asp and A3α, Lys-Thr-Ala, respectively. The two strains, Hs20B0-1T and Hs30E4-3T, are distinguishable from each other and other established Lactococcus species phylogenetically and phenotypically. In conclusion, two novel species of the genus Lactococcus are proposed, namely Lactococcus insecticola Hs20B0-1T (=JCM 33485T=DSM 110147T) and Lactococcus hodotermopsidis Hs30E4-3T (=JCM 33486T=DSM 110148T), respectively.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Isópteros/microbiologia , Lactococcus/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Lactococcus/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Madeira
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4602-4609, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658638

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, 50A-KIRBAT and 50C-KIRBAT, were isolated from the same freshwater creek located near Salzburg, Austria. They showed 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Aquirufa nivalisilvae of 100 and 99.9 %, respectively. A genome-based phylogenetic reconstruction with amino acid sequences of 119 single-copy genes suggested that the new strains represent two new species of the genus Aquirufa. Pairwise calculated whole-genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values ranging from 85.4 to 87.5 % confirmed this conclusion. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic traits were investigated. Like strains of other Aquirufa species, 50A-KIRBAT and 50C-KIRBAT grew aerobically and chemoorganotrophically, were rod-shaped, red-pigmented and motile, most likely by gliding. They could be distinguished by slight differences in the chemotaxonomic features. We propose to establish for strain 50A-KIRBAT (=CIP 111735T=LMG 31080T) as type strain the name Aquirufa ecclesiirivi and for strain 50C-KIRBAT (=CIP 111736T=LMG 31501T) as type strain the name Aquirufa beregesia. Furthermore, the relationship between the type strains of Aquirufa nivalisilvae (59G-WUEMPELT) and Allopseudarcicella aquatilis (HME7025T) was investigated. Results of polyphasic analyses, especially a gANI value of 97.6 %, as well as the genome-based phylogenetic reconstruction, suggested that Allopseudarcicella aquatilis is a heterotypic synonym of Aquirufa nivalisilvae. According to rule 24b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes we propose to classify strain HME7025 as Aquirufa nivalisilvae and provide an emended description for the latter.


Assuntos
Cytophagaceae/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Áustria , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cytophagaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4537-4543, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667871

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterium, designated strain HNM0687T, was isolated from mangrove soil samples collected from Hainan Province, PR China and its polyphasic taxonomy was studied. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain HNM0687T was closely related to Gordonia bronchialis NBRC 16047T (98.7 %), Gordonia rhizosphera NBRC 16068T (98.2 %), Gordonia oryzae RS15-1ST (97.9 %), Gordonia polyisoprenivorans NBRC 16320T (97.7 %) and Gordonia sediminis AMA 120T (97.7 %). Genome-based comparisons revealed a clear distinction in average nucleotide identity values between strain HNM0687T and its closely related strains (74.4-78.3 %). Strain HNM0687T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, arabinose and galactose in whole-cell hydrolysates. Mycolic acid was present. The menaquinones of strain HNM0687T were MK-9(H2) and MK-7(H2). The phospholipids of the isolate were composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The major fatty acids were C16 : 0, C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c, C18 : 010-methyl (TBSA), C18 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. Based on its genotypic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics, it is concluded that strain HNM0687T represents a novel species of the genus Gordonia for which the name Gordonia mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HNM0687T (=CCTCC AA 2019074 T=KCTC 49383 T).


Assuntos
Gordonia (Bactéria)/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gordonia (Bactéria)/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4616-4622, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667873

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, facultative anaerobic and non-motile bacteria, strains R11T and S1162T, were isolated from soil in the Republic of Korea. Both strains were catalase- and oxidase-positive and contained menaquinone-7 as the major isoprenoid quinone. Strain R11T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C15:0, C16:0 and iso-C17:0 3-OH as major fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid as major polar lipids; while strain S1162T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, C16:0 and summed feature 9 (10-methyl C16:0 and/or iso-C17:1 ω9c) as major fatty acids and phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminophospholipid as major polar lipids. The DNA G+C contents of strains R11T and S1162T calculated from their whole genomes were 42.7 and 42.9 mol%, respectively. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain R11T formed a phylogenetic lineage with Mucilaginibacter jinjuensis YC7004T and strain S1162T formed a distinct phyletic lineage from closely related type strains within the genus Mucilaginibacter. Strains R11T and S1162T were most closely related to M. jinjuensis YC7004T and Mucilaginibacter panaciglaebae BXN5-31T with 97.78 and 97.23% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular analysis, strains R11T and S1162T represent two novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the names Mucilaginibacter agri sp. nov. and Mucilaginibacter humi sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains of M. agri and M. humi are R11T (=KACC 21228T=JCM 33472T) and S1162T (=KACC 21669T=JCM 33916T), respectively.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4646-4652, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667874

RESUMO

Novel aerobic, restricted facultatively methylotrophic bacteria were isolated from buds of English oak (Quercus robur L.; strain DubT) and northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.; strain KrD). The isolates were Gram-negative, asporogenous, motile short rods that multiplied by binary fisson. They utilized methanol, methylamine and a few polycarbon compounds as carbon and energy sources. Optimal growth occurred at 25 °C and pH 7.5. The dominant phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phoshatidylglycerol. The major cellular fatty acids of cells were C18 : 1 ω7c, 11-methyl C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The major ubiquinone was Q-10. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strains were closely related to the members of the genus Hansschlegelia: Hansschlegelia zhihuaiae S113T(97.5-98.0 %), Hansschlegelia plantiphila S1T (97.4-97.6 %) and Hansschlegelia beijingensis PG04T(97.0-97.2 %). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strains DubT and KrD was 99.7 %, and the DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) result between the strains was 85 %. The ANI and the DDH values between strain DubT and H. zhihuaiae S113T were 80.1 and 21.5  %, respectively. Genome sequencing of the strain DubT revealed a genome size of 3.57 Mbp and a G+C content of 67.0 mol%. Based on the results of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analyses, it is proposed that the isolates be assigned to the genus Hansschlegelia as Hansschlegelia quercus sp. nov. with the type strain DubT (=VKM B-3284T=CCUG 73648T=JCM 33463T).


Assuntos
Methylocystaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Quercus/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Methylocystaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4653-4660, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672530

RESUMO

A novel non-phototrophic member of the genus Rhodoferax was obtained from freshwater. The purpose of this study was to analyse the genome of a nonphototrophic strain and propose a new species based on its phylogenetic, genomic, physiological and chemotaxonomic characteristics. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences supports that the strain, designated Gr-4T, has a close relationship to the genus Rhodoferax. The observed average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between strain Gr-4T and its closest related strains were 72.3-74.6 % and 21.9-22.8 %, respectively. These values were much lower than the species separation thresholds for ANI or dDDH of 95-96 and 70 %, respectively, and in fact fall in the intergeneric range. Strain Gr-4T does not contain RuBisCO-related genes, but does contain GS/GOGAT pathway-related genes enabling nitrate ammonification. A polyphasic study and a genomic-level investigation were done to establish the taxonomic status of strain Gr-4T. Based on the phylogenetic, genomic and physiological differences, it is proposed that the isolate be classified to the genus Rhodoferax as Rhodoferax aquaticus sp. nov. with isolate Gr-4T (=KCTC 32394T=JCM 19166T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Comamonadaceae/classificação , Água Doce/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Comamonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Genes Bacterianos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4661-4667, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687463

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive bacterium, designated CFH 91151T, was isolated from sediment collected from a saline lake in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, PR China. Cells of strain CFH 91151T were rod-or v-shaped, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and halotolerant. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CFH 91151T was closely related to Isoptericola variabilis MX5T and Isoptericola nanjingensis H17T (98.7 and 98.4% sequence similarity, respectively). The strain grew at 4-45 °C, pH 5.0-9.0 and with 0-14.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells were positive for catalase, nitrate was not used and H2S was not produced. Major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (62.76 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (12.09 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (9.46 %). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified glycolipids. The menaquinone was MK-9 (H4). The genome size was 4.10 Mbp with a G+C content of 72.4 mol%. The average amino acid identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between CFH 91151T and the other species of the genus Isoptericola were found to be low (ANIm <87.19 %, ANIb <84.38 % and DDH <29.30 %). Based on physiological properties, chemotaxonomic characteristics and low ANI and DDH results, strain CFH 91151T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Isoptericola halalbus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 91151T (=DSM 105976T=KCTC 49061T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4451-4457, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687464

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, straight or curved rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, strictly aerobic, motile bacterium with a single polar flagellum, designated D3211T, was isolated from marine alga collected at the seashore of Yantai, PR China. The organism grew optimally at 24 °C, pH 7.0 and in the presence of 2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain D3211T contained ubiquinone 8 as the major respiratory quinone and C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c, C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 1 B and/or iso-C17 : 1 I as the major fatty acids. The predominant polar lipids of strain D3211T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C content of strain D3211T was 39.4 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the novel strain was related most closely to Paraglaciecola arctica BSs20135T, Paraglaciecola aestuariivivens JDTF-33T, Paraglaciecola aquimarina KCTC 32108T, Paraglaciecola mesophila DSM 15026T, Paraglaciecola psychrophila JCM 13954T and Paraglaciecola polaris ARK 150T with 97.6, 97.6, 97.5, 97.4, 97.3 and 97.1 % sequence similarities, respectively. Calculated average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNAhybridization values between strain D3211T and its phylogenetically related Paraglaciecola species were in the range 70.2-73.4 % and 19.1-20.4 %, respectively. On the basis of polyphasic analyses, strain D3211T represents a novel species of the genus Paraglaciecola, for which the name Paraglaciecola marina sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is D3211T (=KCTC 72122T=MCCC 1K03603T).


Assuntos
Alteromonadaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Sargassum/microbiologia , Alteromonadaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
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