Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.962
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466336

RESUMO

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening systemic hypersensitivity reaction that is still rarely diagnosed. For safety reasons, patients should visit an allergologist to identify potential causes and cofactors of this reaction. This paper presents the analysis of data from the Anaphylaxis Registry gathered over ten years at the Allergy Clinic, Pomeranian Medical University (PMU). A questionnaire-based survey was used for patients visiting the Allergy Clinic to identify potential augmentation factors/comorbidities and/or cofactors of anaphylaxis in patients with a history of moderate to severe anaphylaxis. The registry comprised patients with grade II or higher anaphylaxis. The gathered data concerned chronic comorbidities (cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and others), recurrence of anaphylaxis, and potential cofactors in anaphylaxis. In the analyzed group, the incidence rate of anaphylaxis was the highest for women aged 19-60 years. Most common comorbidities in patients with moderate to severe anaphylaxis included: cardiovascular diseases, respiratory tract diseases, features of atopy, and thyroid diseases. More than 30% of drug-induced reactions were anaphylactic reactions due to the re-exposure to the same drug, which points to the need for educational initiatives in this area. The incidence rate of anaphylaxis induced by Hymenoptera stings was comparable in patients who had a previous generalized reaction and those who had good tolerance to the previous sting. It is important to take these cofactors into consideration when evaluating patients with anaphylaxis as they may play a role in future anaphylactic reactions.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia , Comorbidade , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/epidemiologia , Mordeduras e Picadas de Insetos/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anafilaxia/epidemiologia , Anafilaxia/etiologia , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Himenópteros , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
2.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(1): 243-252, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In its invaded regions, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) is a novel host for the community of resident parasitoids of Drosophila. To attain a high parasitization rate on the novel host, the parasitoids have to locate it and accept it in the presence of other Drosophila hosts. We conducted a laboratory choice experiment and a semifield trial to investigate host searching and host preference of the three pupal parasitoid species Trichopria drosophilae (Perkins), Pachycrepoideus vindemmiae (Rondani) and Spalangia erythromera Förster. RESULTS: All three parasitoid species preferred D. suzukii over two common native hosts in the choice experiment. In field cages, most parasitoid offspring emerged from D. suzukii hosts. While P. vindemmiae mainly parasitized hosts in the foliage, most T. drosophilae offspring emerged from pupae presented on the ground. CONCLUSIONS: Both P. vindemmiae and T. drosophilae have the potential to find and parasitize D. suzukii in the field. If released early in the season, possible nontarget effects on native Drosophila should be minimal.


Assuntos
Drosophila , Himenópteros , Animais , Pupa , Estações do Ano
3.
Zootaxa ; 4878(1): zootaxa.4878.1.10, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311174

RESUMO

Ammophila kowalczyki sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), a new species from Iran, is described and illustrated. In addition, new data on the distribution of six other species of Ammophila are given, among them Ammophila insignis F. Smith, 1856 from the United Arab Emirates, Ammophila laevicollis Ed. André, 1886 and Ammophila terminata F. Smith, 1856 from Spain. Of the other three, Ammophila sarekandana Balthasar, 1957 and Ammophila rauschi Dollfuss, 2013 are reported for the first time from Tajikistan, and Ammophila formosensis Tsuneki, 1971 is reported from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Abelhas
4.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.10, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311196

RESUMO

The genus Pellis Sheng Sun, 2014 is newly recorded from Japan based on a Chinese species, P. acarinata Sheng Sun, 2014, collected from Honshu. Both the genus and species are redescribed based on the data of original description and Japanese materials.A key to Asian genera of Atrophini is also proposed.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Japão
5.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.11, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311197

RESUMO

A new species in the genus Phytodietus Gravenhorst, 1829, P. xui Kostro-Ambroziak Reshchikov sp. n. is described from the Yunnan Province of China. An identification key for the eight species of Phytodietus currently recorded in Mainland China is provided. P. longicauda (Uchida, 1931) is recorded for the first time in China and P. spinipes (Cameron, 1905) is recorded in Guangdong and Hunan Provinces.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , China
6.
Zootaxa ; 4881(2): zootaxa.4881.2.7, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311318

RESUMO

Boethella jatai sp. nov. is described from a savanna area in the southeast of Brazil. The genus is redescribed to include the new species and an identification key for world species is provided.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Brasil
7.
Zootaxa ; 4891(1): zootaxa.4891.1.1, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311100

RESUMO

New and unusual host records for 133 species and subspecies of Pompilidae predominantly from the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America are presented in modified taxonomic order. First-time species host records are given for Calopompilus Ashmead, Pepsis Fabricius, Hemipepsis Dahlbom, Priocnessus Banks, Entypus Dahlbom, Pompilocalus Roig-Alsina, Sphictostethus Kohl, Auplopus Spinola, Ageniella Banks, Eragenia Banks, Aporus Spinola, Poecilopompilus Ashmead, Tachypompilus Ashmead, Anoplius Dufour, Priochilus (Fabricius) and Notocyphus Smith. New host spider families are introduced for Calopompilus, Pepsis, Hemipepsis, Priocnessus, Entypus, Cryptocheilus Panzer, Priocnemis Schiødte, Auplopus, Ageniella, Eragenia, Aporus, Tachypompilus, Anoplius, Priochilus and Notocyphus. Eight host spider families are reported from the Western Hemisphere for the first time: Halonoproctidae (Notocyphus dorsalis dorsalis Cresson); Dipluridae (Pepsis pretiosa Dahlbom, P. montezuma Smith, P. infuscate Spinola, P. atripennis Fabricius, P. martini Vardy, Priocnessus vancei Waichert and Pitts); Nemesiidae (Pepsis pallidolimbata Lucas, P. viridis Lepeletier, P. spp., Pompilocalus hirticeps (Guérin), Sphictostethus gravesii (Haliday), S. striatulus Roig-Alsina, Priocnemis oregona Banks); Barychelidae (Eragenia sp.); Paratropididae (Pepsis stella Montet); Trechaleidae (Hemipepsis toussainti (Banks), Entypus unifasciatus cressoni (Banks), Tachypompilus ferrugineus (Say), Tachypompilus unicolor cerinus Evans, Priochilus gloriosum (Cresson); Desidae (Ageniella accepta (Cresson), Sphictostethus isodontus Roig-Alsina) and Selenopidae (Priochilus scrupulum (Fox), Tachypompilus erubescens (Taschenberg) or xanthopterus (Rohwer)). The first known host records for the rare South American pompilid genera Chirodamus (Lycosidae: Lycosa sp.) and Herbstellus (Nemesiidae: Diplothelopsis cf bonariensis Mello-Leitão) are presented.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais
8.
Zootaxa ; 4892(1): zootaxa.4892.1.1, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311101

RESUMO

Morocco is a well known hot-spot of biodiversity in the Mediterranean basin. While some taxa like vascular plants are relatively well recorded, important groups of pollinators like bees are still understudied. This article presents an updated checklist of the bee species of Morocco and includes a summary of global and regional distribution of each species. A total of 961 species belonging to six bee families and 68 genera are recorded: Andrenidae (8 genera, 217 species); Apidae (15 genera, 241 species); Colletidae (2 genera, 74 species), Halictidae (12 genera, 144 species), Megachilidae (28 genera, 271 species) and Melittidae (3 genera, 14 species). Among them, 67 species are recorded for the first time in Morocco. Around 70% of the bee fauna of Morocco consists of widespread Palaearctic species. Only 18% of Moroccan species recorded are restricted to North Africa and 8% are Moroccan single-country endemics (81 species). Afrotropical elements in the Moroccan fauna are few, with only 3% of Morocco species co-occuring in that region. This checklist is intended to stimulate new regional research on bees including their taxonomy and biogeography. As many groups of bees have been understudied, discovery of new species for science and new records for the country can be expected. Additional research including inventorying, monitoring, and integrative taxonomic studies are needed to develop a comprehensive strategy for bee conservation in Morocco.


Assuntos
Abelhas , Himenópteros , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Himenópteros/genética , Marrocos
9.
Zootaxa ; 4867(1): zootaxa.4867.1.1, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311201

RESUMO

The Chinese bees of the genus Anthidium Fabricius, 1804, are reviewed. Twenty-one species are confirmed to occur in China, five of which are described and illustrated as new Chinese endemics: Anthidium (Anthidium) pseudomontanum Niu Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) pseudophilorum Niu Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) tasitiense Niu Zhu, sp. nov., A. (A.) xuezhongi Niu Zhu, sp. nov., and A. (Proanthidium) qingtaoi Niu Zhu, sp. nov.. The previously unknown female of A. (A.) kashmirense Mavromoustakis, 1937 and male of A. (P.) kashgarense (Cockerell, 1911) are described for the first time. Anthidium (A.) furcatum Wu, 2004 (junior primary homonym, nec Anthidium furcatum Ducke, 1908) is replaced with its valid and available synonym A. (A.) striatum Wu, 2004. New synonymies are also established for A. (A.) kashmirense Mavromoustakis, 1937 = A. (A.) nigroventrale Wu, 1982, syn. nov., and A. (A.) florentinum (Fabricius, 1775) = A. (A.) helianthinum Wu, 2004, syn. nov. The non-Chinese Anthidium amabile Alfken, 1933 (junior primary homonym, nec Anthidium porterae var. amabile Cockerell, 1904) is unavailable and the available name Anthidium (Proanthidium) minimum Pasteels, 1969, is valid for this species. Updated synonymies and distributional data are provided for some widespread Palaearctic species including two now adventive in the New World. For Chinese species, the distribution and floral associations of each are provided along with illustrations and a key to the known species.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Abelhas , China , Feminino , Masculino
10.
Zootaxa ; 4888(1): zootaxa.4888.1.1, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311254

RESUMO

A key is provided to 16 recognized species groups, plus several species not assigned to species group, of Orasema Cameron (Eucharitidae), a widespread New World genus of myrmicine ant (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) parasitoids ranging from northern Argentina to southern Canada. Eight of the species groups are revised, of which five are newly established; keys are given to the species of each treated group, 22 species are newly described, and detailed life histories of several well-documented species are discussed. Revised are the Orasema coloradensis group (four species: O. coloradensis Wheeler, O. iridescens n. sp., O. scaura n. sp., and O. violacea Ashmead), the Orasema bakeri group (six species: O. bablyi n. sp., O. bakeri Gahan, O. dubitata n. sp., O. polymyrmex n. sp., O. taii Chien Heraty, and O. texana Gahan), the Orasema tolteca group (two species: O. castilloae n. sp. and O. tolteca Mann), the Orasema sixaolae group (newly established, with four species: O. brachycephala n. sp., O. nebula n. sp., O. sixaolae Wheeler Wheeler, and O. tinalandia n. sp.), the Orasema acuminata group (newly established, with two species: O. acuminata n. sp. and O. cerulea n. sp.), the Orasema peraltai group (newly established, with two species: O. chrysozona n. sp. and O. peraltai n. sp.), the Orasema johnsoni group (newly established, with two species: O. johnsoni n. sp. and O. spyrogaster n. sp.), and the Orasema heacoxi group (newly established, with two species: O. heacoxi n. sp. and O. masonicki n. sp.). Newly described or treated species not placed to species group are O. brasiliensis (Bréthes), O. cirrhocnemis n. sp., O. monstrosa n. sp., O. mutata n. sp., O. psarops n. sp., and O. roppai n. sp. Species concepts and relationships are based on morphology and a recently published molecular phylogeny.


Assuntos
Formigas , Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais
11.
Zootaxa ; 4885(4): zootaxa.4885.4.5, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311260

RESUMO

Taxonomy of eusocial wasps (Polistinae and Vespinae) occurring in Sulawesi Island, the central island of Wallacea, is reviewed. Sixteen (12 polistine and four vespine) species are recognized. Polistes (Polistella) stigma, known to be widely distributed in southern Asia and Australasia, is newly recorded for Sulawesi Island. A key to the Sulawesian eusocial wasp species is provided. Their biogeographical characteristics are discussed to show that the Sulawesian eusocial wasp fauna is composed of Oriental elements.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , Indonésia , Ilhas
12.
Zootaxa ; 4885(3): zootaxa.4885.3.3, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311268

RESUMO

Chalcis Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae) currently includes over 50 described species, most of them from temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Prior to the present study, only Chalcis pilicauda (Cameron) had been recorded from South America. The examination of specimens collected in Argentina, southern Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Uruguay allowed the description of six new species: C. boi Saguiah Tavares sp. nov., C. danunciae Saguiah Tavares sp. nov., C. intervalensis Saguiah Tavares sp. nov., C. periotoi Saguiah Tavares sp. nov., C. quechua Saguiah Tavares sp. nov., and C. winstonae Saguiah Tavares sp. nov. Chalcis pilicauda is redescribed, and C. ornatifrons (Cameron) stat. rev. is removed from synonym under C. pilicauda and re-established. An identification key for South American species is presented.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais
13.
Zootaxa ; 4884(1): zootaxa.4884.1.1, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311298

RESUMO

The species of the genus Campyloneurus Szépligeti and Iphiaulax Foerster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Braconinae) from China are revised and 32 species are recognized, including 14 new species (Campyloneurus brachyurus sp. nov., C. lasiofacialis sp. nov., C. longitergum sp. nov., C. longitudinalis sp. nov., C. micromacularis sp. nov., C. nigriventris sp. nov., C. promiscuus sp. nov., C. pachypus sp. nov., C. quadraticeps sp. nov., C. robusticella sp. nov., C. rugifacialis sp. nov., C. stigmosus sp. nov., C. tergipunctatus sp. nov. and Iphiaulax longinervis sp. nov.), which are described and fully illustrated. Campyloneurus kirbyi (Cameron, 1905) is reported from China for the first time. A key to taxonomically similar genera, Campyloneurus, Craspedolcus Enderlein, Cyanopterus Haliday, Iphiaulax and Maculibracon Li, van Achterberg Chen), and a key to the Chinese species of the genera Campyloneurus and Iphiaulax are provided.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , China
14.
Zootaxa ; 4869(4): zootaxa.4869.4.3, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311343

RESUMO

A new gall wasp species, Cerroneuroterus yukawamasudai Pujade-Villar Melika sp. nov., is described from China. The asexual generation induces leaf lenticular galls, and the sexual generation induces catkin galls on Q. acutissima and Q. variabilis. Sexual females and males are not described yet. Data on the diagnosis, distribution, and biology of the new species are provided, including a key to sexual and asexual females of all described Cerroneuroterus species. Previous misidentifications of host galls recorded in Japan are commented on. Molecular analyses were performed to assess the validity of the genus Cerroneuroterus and the affiliation of the new species.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , Feminino , Folhas de Planta
15.
Zootaxa ; 4868(2): zootaxa.4868.2.4, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311400

RESUMO

An overview of the Oriental species of the nominate subgenus of Camptopteroides Viggiani (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) is given. Two new species, C. (Camptopteroides) formosa Manickavasagam Sankararaman sp. n. from India and C. (Camptopteroides) reducta Triapitsyn sp. n. from Thailand and Malaysia, are described, and C. formosa additionally compared to two unnamed species. The holotype male of the type species of this genus, C. armata Viggiani from Sri Lanka, is diagnosed and illustrated. A key to Old World species of Camptopteroides is provided.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Animais , Masculino
16.
Zootaxa ; 4894(2): zootaxa.4894.2.1, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311080

RESUMO

The velvet ant genus Invreiella Suárez, 1966 is redescribed and revised. Females are grouped into five species-groups, with eleven new species described based on females: I. acuminata Waldren, sp. nov., I. australis Waldren, sp. nov., I. bimaculata Waldren, sp. nov., I. breviclypeata Waldren, sp. nov., I. chihuahuensis Waldren, sp. nov., I. cuernavaca Waldren, sp. nov., I. erythrocephala Waldren, sp. nov., I. manleyi Waldren, sp. nov., I. mesomexicana Waldren, sp. nov., I. suarezi Waldren, sp. nov., and I. tequila Waldren, sp. nov. One new combination is included, I. cephalargia (Mickel, 1924), comb. nov., formerly placed in Pseudomethoca Ashmead, 1896. Additionally, I. curoei Quintero Cambra, 2011 is synonymized with I. cardinalis (Gerstaecker, 1874), syn. nov., and I. megacantha (Cockerell Casad, 1894), stat. resurr., is treated as a nomen dubium. The lectotype of Mutilla satrapa Gerstaecker, 1874 originally designated by C. Mickel is here validated. An illustrated key to species is included.


Assuntos
Formigas , Himenópteros , Animais , Feminino , Estados Unidos
17.
Zootaxa ; 4894(2): zootaxa.4894.2.9, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311088

RESUMO

Oxybelus lusitanicus spec. nov., a new European Crabronid wasp species is described and diagnosed. It is currently known only from two regions of Portugal. An amendment to the relevant section of Guichard's (1993) most recent English language key to European Oxybelus Latreille, 1796 is included.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , Portugal
18.
Zootaxa ; 4890(4): zootaxa.4890.4.7, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311109

RESUMO

A new sexual form of a gallwasp, Andricus forni Pujade-Villar Nicholls n. sp., is described from China (Zhejiang province) based on males, females and galls collected on Quercus serrata. Data on the morphology, diagnosis, distribution and biology of the new species are provided. Molecular data are also provided to support this species. A key to Asian Andricus gallwasp species with similar integral leaf galls is presented. Finally we discuss the taxonomic status of Asian Andricus making these integral leaf galls, including uncertainty on the validity of both Andricus quercicola and A. marmoratus.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Quercus , Vespas , Animais , China , Feminino , Folhas de Planta
19.
Zootaxa ; 4861(2): zootaxa.4861.2.7, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311227

RESUMO

Two new species of the genus Alysson Panzer, namely, A. bengalensis Girish Kumar sp. nov. and A. himachalensis Girish Kumar sp. nov. are described from the Indian Himalayas. Alysson triangularis Krombein, 1985 is reported here for the first time from India. Analysson rufescens Krombein, 1985 is reported here for the first time from Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. A key to species of Alysson of the Indian subcontinent is provided.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , Índia
20.
Zootaxa ; 4890(1): zootaxa.4890.1.3, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311244

RESUMO

An annotated list of Iranian digger wasps of the genus Tachysphex Kohl, 1883 (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Crabronidae) is presented based on the material collected in the southern part of the country and on data published from the period 1933-March 2020 (87 years). In all, 46 species of eight species-groups are documented (T. persa has two subspecies: T. persa persa Gussakovskij, 1933 and T. persa nigripes Pulawski, 1967). Of the eight species-groups, the pompiliformis species-group (17 species) and the panzer species-group (11 species) are the most species-rich, whereas the brevipennis species-group is represented by only one species. The following three species are newly recorded from Iran, all from Fars Province: T. helveticus Kohl, 1885, T. melas Kohl, 1898 and T. palopterus (Dahlbom, 1845). About 19 (41.30%) of the species included here are exclusively Palaearctic, whereas 15 species (32.61%) have wider distributions in the Afrotropical, Palaearctic and Oriental zoogeographic regions. Neighboring countries have many species that overlap with the Iranian Tachysphex fauna; Iran shares 36 species (78.20%) with Turkey, 28 species (60.86%) with Turkmenistan and 18 species (39.13%) with United Arab Emirates.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Animais , Abelhas , Irã (Geográfico)
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...