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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25214, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726017

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between asthma and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in an adult Korean population and to evaluate this association based on the treatment status of asthmatics.We utilized the Korean genome and epidemiology study health examinee 2004 to 2016 database. A total of 47,186 participants (825 asthmatics and 46,361 controls) were selected and their BPH histories were analyzed. We categorized the participants according to their asthma treatment status: "well controlled"; "being treated"; and "not being treated". The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for BPH were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. Subgroup analyses were performed according to age (60 years).The results showed that the prevalence of BPH was higher among asthma patients (17.1%) than among controls (8.7%, P < .001). Asthma patients had a higher risk of having BPH (OR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.37-2.01, P < .001) than controls, after adjustment for age, income, body mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol consumption, frequency of physical activity, and the past medical diseases. The ORs for BPH were 1.35 (95% CI = 1.04-1.76) in those aged >60 years and 2.24 (95% CI = 1.70-2.96) in those aged ≤60 years. The ORs for BPH were 1.82 (95% CI = 1.16-2.87, P = .009) in the "well-controlled" group, 1.05 (95% CI = 0.74-1.49, P = .794) in the "being treated" group, and 2.24 (95% CI = 1.69-2.97, P < .001) in the "not being treated" group.We found that there is a correlation between asthma and BPH in the adult Korean population. There is a stronger association between asthma and BPH in younger adults and in those who are not receiving treatment for asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/epidemiologia , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/complicações , Asma/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
2.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(2): 254-260, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of prostatic artery embolization in the management of LUTS secondary to BPH in elderly patients unfit for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 17 elderly patients with moderate to severe LUTS/BPH were included in the study and treated with prostatic artery embolization. The patients were evaluated by transrectal ultrasonography (to assess prostate size), IPSS, and PVR urine volume preoperatively and 6 months after the procedure. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 76.67 ± 7.69. The mean prostate volume was 139.8 ± 81.83 g. The mean preoperative IPSS and PVR were 23 ± 5.4, and 94.43 ± 88.94 ml, respectively. The mean operative time was 90 minutes. Only three patients suffered from postoperative complications (two patients suffered from urinary tract infection and one patient had partial penile necrosis). At 6 months follow up, there was a significant reduction in the prostate volume (101 ± 73.65 cc), IPSS (12.5 ± 3.65), and PVR urine volume (48.64 ± 43.55). CONCLUSION: prostatic artery embolization is a safe and effective nonsurgical alternative treatment of BPH/LUTS particularly in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Hiperplasia Prostática , Idoso , Artérias , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2: CD012336, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) represent one of the most common clinical complaints in men. Alpha-blockers are widely used as first-line therapy for men with LUTS secondary to BPO, but up to one third of men report no improvement in their LUTS after taking alpha-blockers. Anticholinergics used in addition to alpha-blockers may help improve symptoms but it is uncertain how effective they are.  OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of combination therapy with anticholinergics and alpha-blockers in men with LUTS related to BPO. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of medical literature, including the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, and trials registries, with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search was 7 August 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials. Inclusion criteria were men with LUTS secondary to BPO, ages 40 years or older, and a total International Prostate Symptom Score of 8 or greater. We excluded trials of men with a known neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, or central nervous system disease, and those examining medical therapy for men who were treated with surgery for BPO. We performed three comparisons: combination therapy versus placebo, combination therapy versus alpha-blockers monotherapy, and combination therapy versus anticholinergics monotherapy. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened the literature, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. We performed statistical analyses using a random-effects model and interpreted data according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We used the GRADE approach to rate the certainty of evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included 23 studies with 6285 randomized men across three comparisons. The mean age of participants ranged from 54.4 years to 73.9 years (overall mean age 65.7 years). Of the included studies, 12 were conducted with a single-center setting, while 11 used a multi-center setting. We only found short-term effect (12 weeks to 12 months) of combination therapy based on available evidence. Combination therapy versus placebo: based on five studies with 2369 randomized participants, combination therapy may result in little or no difference in urologic symptom scores (mean difference (MD) -2.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) -5.55 to 0.08; low-certainty evidence). We are very uncertain about the effect of combination therapy on quality of life (QoL) (MD -0.97, 95% CI -2.11 to 0.16; very low-certainty evidence). Combination therapy likely increases adverse events (risk ratio (RR) 1.24, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.47; moderate-certainty evidence); based on 252 adverse events per 1000 participants in the placebo group, this corresponds to 61 more adverse events (95% CI 10 more  to 119 more) per 1000 participants treated with combination therapy. Combination therapy versus alpha-blockers alone: based on 22 studies with 4904 randomized participants, we are very uncertain about the effect of combination therapy on urologic symptom scores (MD -2.04, 95% CI -3.56 to -0.52; very low-certainty evidence) and QoL (MD -0.71, 95% CI -1.03 to -0.38; very low-certainty evidence). Combination therapy may result in little or no difference in adverse events rate (RR 1.10, 95% CI 0.90 to 1.34; low-certainty evidence); based on 228 adverse events per 1000 participants in the alpha-blocker group, this corresponds to 23 more adverse events (95% CI 23 fewer to 78 more) per 1000 participants treated with combination therapy. Combination therapy compared to anticholinergics alone: based on three studies with 1218 randomized participants, we are very uncertain about the effect of combination therapy on urologic symptom scores (MD -3.71, 95% CI -9.41 to 1.98; very low-certainty evidence). Combination therapy may result in an improvement in QoL (MD -1.49, 95% CI -1.88 to -1.11; low-certainty evidence). Combination therapy likely results in little to no difference in adverse events (RR 1.26, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.95; moderate-certainty evidence); based on 115 adverse events per 1000 participants in the anticholinergic alone group, this corresponds to 4 fewer adverse events (95% CI 7 fewer to 13 more) per 1000 participants treated with combination therapy. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of the review, combination therapy with anticholinergics and alpha-blockers are associated with little or uncertain effects on urologic symptom scores compared to placebo, alpha-blockers, or anticholinergics monotherapy. However, combination therapy may result in an improvement in quality of life compared to anticholinergics monotherapy, but an uncertain effect compared to placebo, or alpha-blockers. Combination therapy likely increases adverse events compared to placebo, but not compared to alpha-blockers or anticholinergics monotherapy. The findings of this review were limited by study limitations, inconsistency, and imprecision. We were unable to conduct any of the predefined subgroup analyses.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/uso terapêutico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Viés , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(6): 513-517, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356039

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical application value of the bladder outlet obstruction index (BOOI) in the diagnosis of BPH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the urodynamic parameters and BOOI of 199 cases of BPH diagnosed from July 2016 to September 2018, which were divided into a BOO (n = 119), a suspected BOO (n = 39) and a non-BOO group (n = 41) based on the BOOI. We obtained the prostate volume (PV), IPSS, IPSS-voiding symptom score (IPSS-VS), quality of life score (QOL), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) from the patients, compared them among the three groups and analyzed their correlation to BOOI using Pearson's linear correlation analysis. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed in age (P = 0.195), PSA (P = 0.380), IPSS (P = 0.380), IPSS-VS (P = 0.380), QOL (P = 0.380), Qmax (P = 0.380) and PVR (P = 0.912) among the three groups of patients, but PV was remarkably larger in the BOO than in the suspected BOO and non-BOO groups (ï¼»58.8 ± 30.0ï¼½ vs ï¼»49.8 ± 33.9ï¼½ and ï¼»45.5 ± 26.0ï¼½ ml, P = 0.031). Pearson's linear correlation analysis showed that BOOI was not correlated significantly to IPSS (r = -0.020, P = 0.778), IPSS-VS (r= -0.013, P = 0.853), QOL (r = -0.107, P = 0.132), Qmax (r = -0.130, P = 0.066) or PVR (r = -0.056, P = 0.433), nor obviously to PV (|r| = 0.178<0.4) though with P = 0.012. CONCLUSIONS: BOOI is not significantly correlated to PV, IPSS, IPSS-VS, QOL, Qmax or PVR, and therefore BOO cannot be diagnosed exclusively with BOOI.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Urodinâmica
6.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100694, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308527

RESUMO

Hematuria of prostatic origin has multiple etiologies including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), iatrogenic urological trauma, prostate cancer, and radiation therapy. Hematuria secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia can occur because of the increased vascularity of the primary gland, itself, or because of the vascular re-growth following a transurethral resection of the prostate. Prostatic hematuria usually resolves with conservative measures; however, refractory hematuria of prostatic origin may require hospitalization with treatment with blood transfusions, repeated indwelling urinary catheterization, and continuous bladder irrigation. Prostate artery embolization is an emerging minimally invasive procedural therapy for men with BPH that was originally utilized for the treatment of refractory hematuria of prostatic origin . This article aims to summarize the currently available evidence around prostate artery embolization for the treatment of refractory hematuria of prostatic origin.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Hematúria/terapia , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Hematúria/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematúria/etiologia , Hematúria/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Urologiia ; (6): 38-43, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377677

RESUMO

AIM: To study the efficacy and safety of using sildenafil in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) and concomitant cardiovascular diseases (CVD) who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 59 patients (age from 50 to 75 years) with a diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), requiring surgical treatment due to inefficiency of drug therapy, I-PSS score more than 20 points), who were sexually active, but had erectile dysfunction (IIEF score < 21), coronary heart disease (NYHA class I) and stage 1-2 hypertension with stable blood pressure. All patients underwent bipolar TURP. From the first day after the TURP, therapy was prescribed as following: tamsulosin 0.4 mg once a day for 90 days, ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice a day for 10 days. In addition, the patients received treatment for comorbidities. In the main group (n=30), men additionally received sildenafil (EFFEX Sildenafil Evalar) 50 mg daily for 60 days, starting from the 30th day postoperatively. We have chosen this drug from an economic standpoint. RESULTS: At baseline, all patients in both groups had hemodynamic and microcirculatory disorders in the prostate, which got worse in the early postoperative period. During the long-term follow-up, hemodynamic and microcirculatory impairments decreased. This effect was more pronounced in patients who received sildenafil. In addition, patients had an improvement in sexual function. During follow-up, there was no adverse effects of sildenafil on hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, heart rate). CONCLUSION: Our results allow to recommend sildenafil in order to restore sexual function postoperatively in patients with BPH, including those with concomitant cardiovascular disorders.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Hiperplasia Prostática , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirculação , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Citrato de Sildenafila/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Urologiia ; (6): 58-63, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377680

RESUMO

AIM: To study the efficiency of using alfuzosin 10 mg (Alfuprost MR, SUN Pharma) in routine clinical practice in order to predict its feasibility for treating acute urinary retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients, aged from 54 to 88 years old (mean 68.5+/-5.6) with acute urinary retention due to benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated at the urology department of City clinical hospital named after D.D. Pletnev from September to December 2019. 14 patients were excluded from the study since they had chronic urinary retention. In all cases, urethral catheter was put and left in place for 24-72 hours (mean 44+/-12). All 33 patients were prescribed alfuzosin 10 mg. After removal of the urethral catheter, spontaneous voiding was restored in 19 patients. Transurethral resection of the prostate was consequently performed in three patients. In one patient, the urethral catheter was changed to cystostomy tube due to the urethritis. Recurrent urinary retention occurred in 10 men, and 8 patients underwent cystostomy. In other two cases, spontaneous voiding was restored after repeated removal of the urethral catheter. RESULTS: the efficiency of conservative therapy was 63.6% (21/33). According to our results, history of severe lower urinary tract symptoms, the prostate volume more than 50 cc and intravesical protrusion of more than 1 cm have a significant influence on the outcome of conservative therapy in patients with acute urinary retention. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a prospective study, a high efficiency and safety of the Alfuprost MP 10 mg/day in patients with acute urinary retention was established.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Retenção Urinária , Doença Aguda , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos alfa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Quinazolinas , Retenção Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Retenção Urinária/etiologia
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 12: CD012867, 2020 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A variety of minimally invasive surgical approaches are available as an alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) for management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) is a relatively new, minimally invasive treatment approach. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of PAE compared to other procedures for treatment of LUTS in men with BPH. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings with no restrictions on language of publication or publication status, up until 25 September 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included parallel-group randomized controlled trials (RCTs), as well as non-randomized studies (NRS, limited to prospective cohort studies with concurrent comparison groups) enrolling men over the age of 40 with LUTS attributed to BPH undergoing PAE versus TURP or other surgical interventions.  DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently classified studies for inclusion or exclusion and abstracted data from the included studies. We performed statistical analyses by using a random-effects model and interpreted them according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We used GRADE guidance to rate the certainty of evidence of RCTs and NRSs.  MAIN RESULTS: We found data to inform two comparisons: PAE versus TURP (six RCTs and two NRSs), and PAE versus sham (one RCT). Mean age, IPSS, and prostate volume of participants were 66 years, 22.8, and 72.8 mL, respectively. This abstract focuses on the comparison of PAE versus TURP as the primary topic of interest. PAE versus TURP We included six RCTs and two NRSs with short-term (up to 12 months) follow-up and one RCT with long-term follow-up (13 to 24 months).  Short-term follow-up: based on RCT evidence, there may be little to no difference in urologic symptom score improvement (mean difference [MD] 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.40 to 3.50; 369 participants; 6 RCTs; I² = 75%; low-certainty evidence) measured by the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS) on a scale from 0 to 35, with higher scores indicating worse symptoms. There may be little to no difference in quality of life (MD 0.16, 95% CI -0.37 to 0.68; 309 participants; 5 RCTs; I² = 56%; low-certainty evidence) as measured by the IPSS quality of life question on a scale from 0 to 6, with higher scores indicating worse quality of life between PAE and TURP, respectively. While we are very uncertain about the effects of PAE on major adverse events (risk ratio [RR] 0.71, 95% CI 0.16 to 3.10; 250 participants; 4 RCTs; I² = 26%; very low-certainty evidence), PAE may increase re-treatments (RR 3.64, 95% CI 1.02 to 12.98; 204 participants; 3 RCTs; I² = 0%; low-certainty evidence). Based on 18 re-treatments per 1000 men in the TURP group, this corresponds to 47 more (0 more to 214 more) per 1000 men undergoing PAE.   We are very uncertain about the effects on erectile function (MD -0.03, 95% CI -6.35 to 6.29; 129 participants; 2 RCTs; I² = 78%; very low-certainty evidence) measured by the International Index of Erectile Function at 5 on a scale from 1 to 25, with higher scores indicating better function. NRS evidence when available yielded similar results. Based on evidence from NRS, PAE may reduce the occurrence of ejaculatory disorders (RR 0.51, 95% CI 0.35 to 0.73; 260 participants; 1 NRS; low-certainty evidence). Longer-term follow-up: based on RCT evidence, we are very uncertain about the effects of PAE on urologic symptom scores (MD 0.30, 95% CI -3.17 to 3.77; 95 participants; very low-certainty evidence) compared to TURP. Quality of life may be similar (MD 0.20, 95% CI -0.49 to 0.89; 95 participants; low-certainty evidence). We are also very uncertain about major adverse events (RR 1.96, 95% CI 0.63 to 6.13; 107 participants; very low-certainty evidence). We did not find evidence on erectile function and ejaculatory disorders. Based on evidence from NRS, PAE may increase re-treatment rates (RR 1.51, 95% CI 0.43 to 5.29; 305 participants; low-certainty evidence); based on 56 re-treatments per 1000 men in the TURP group. this corresponds to 143 more (25 more to 430 more) per 1000 men in the PAE group.  AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Compared to TURP up to 12 months (short-term follow-up), PAE may provide similar improvement in urologic symptom scores and quality of life. While we are very uncertain about major adverse events, PAE may increase re-treatment rates. We are uncertain about erectile function, but PAE may reduce ejaculatory disorders. Longer term (follow-up of 13 to 24 months), we are very uncertain as to how both procedures compare with regard to urologic symptom scores, but quality of life appears to be similar. We are very uncertain about major adverse events but PAE may increase re-treatments. We did not find longer term evidence on erectile function and ejaculatory disorders. Certainty of evidence for the main outcomes of this review was low or very low, signalling that our confidence in the reported effect size is limited or very limited, and that this topic should be better informed by future research.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Idoso , Artérias , Ejaculação , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Ereção Peniana , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 66(9): 289-292, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993272

RESUMO

We retrospectively investigated the clinical course of α1 blocker discontinuation in patients who had lower urinary tract symptoms with benign prostate hypertrophy (LUTS/BPH) and received combination therapy ofdutasteride and α1 blocker. Among the patients with LUTS/BPH who had been receiving combination therapy, those who wished to reduce the number ofprescribed drugs and discontinue the use of α1 blocker because ofsymptom improvement were recruited in this study. Symptom scores including International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS), parameters ofuroflowmetry and prostate volume (PV) were evaluated at the time of α 1 blocker discontinuation. Twenty-two patients discontinued the use of α 1 blocker. The mean PV at the time of α 1 blocker discontinuation was 43.2 ml, and the mean duration ofcombination therapy was 39.4 months. In 11 (50%) patients, dutasteride monotherapy without α1 blocker was maintained for a mean follow-up of 10.5 months (9-12 months) after α1 blocker discontinuation (Non-resumption group). In the other 11 patients (50%), α1 blocker was resumed because ofthe patient's request to resume the use of α1 blocker (Resumption group). The mean length ofdutasteride monotherapy was 4. 5 months (1-8 months) in the resumption group. Compared with the non-resumption group, IPSS total score and storage sub-score ofIPSS at the time of α1 blocker discontinuation were significantly higher in the resumption group. Based on the ROC curve, IPSS total score <16, IPSS voiding/storage symptom score <7, OABSS <7 and PV 54 ml or more at the time of α1 blocker discontinuation were predictors ofnon-resumption of α1 blocker. These results suggest that if LUTS is controlled by a long-term combination therapy ofdutasteride and α1 blocker and still PV is large enough, α1 blocker can be discontinued.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dutasterida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Urologe A ; 59(10): 1187-1194, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In an aging society an increase of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) requiring treatment is to be expected and the proportion of patients with cardiovascular comorbidities under anticoagulation is also increasing. As the operative treatment of BPO can be problematic, the hemostatic effect of the techniques is of particular importance. OBJECTIVE: This review article discusses the data situation on the bleeding risk of established surgical techniques and the statement of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines "EAU guidelines on management of non-neurogenic male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), incl. benign prostatic obstruction (BPO)" on this topic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data analysis from PubMed. RESULTS: The EAU guidelines favor transurethral laser vaporization of the prostate using "greenlight", thulium or diode laser and laser enucleation using a holmium or thulium laser in this patient collective. The bipolar is superior to monopolar transurethral resection (TUR-P) in hemostasis. In the future bipolar enucleation of the prostate (BipoLEP) can be an alternative under good hemostasis. Bleeding is a rare complication after recently established minimally invasive techniques, such as Urolift®, I­TIND© and Rezum™, the same applies to prostate artery embolization. Aqua-ablation/AquaBeam® seems to be unsuitable due to frequent hematuria. Surgical adenomectomy can be associated with a high risk of bleeding. CONCLUSION: According to current data, transurethral laser vaporization and enucleation of the prostate are the treatment of choice for patients under anticoagulation; however, other transurethral techniques, such as BipoLEP have an acceptable risk of bleeding and can be an alternative depending on local resources. Newer minimally invasive approaches could become more important in the future.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Hiperplasia Prostática , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Arch Esp Urol ; 73(7): 573-581, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the Spanish health system, General Practitioners (GPs) play a key role in regulating the flow of patients to hospital care. Most of patients with BPH can be managed through out the evolution of the disease exclusively by the GPs.  METHODS: A pre-experimental study was carried outin two periods, before (pre-test) and after (post-test) of the dissemination of a management protocol for patients with BPH. The protocol was trialled in the health area of Villarrobledo and included all referrals to the urology clinic for BPH from Primary Care. We analyzed the appropriate referrals according with the criteria set for thin the protocol and compared the complementary tests through statistical study (descriptive, a bivariate, multivariate analysis and rate calculation) using version 21of the SPSS. RESULTS: Referral rate decreased after the application of the protocol but did not increase the rate of appropriated referrals. Patients referred after setting forth protocol by GPs that assisted to the education program were younger. There were referred less patients with elevated PSA and more patients with clinical progression. These GPs used less test to achieve diagnosis. The GPs whodid not attend were significantly younger, mainly women, with no previous specific training in BPH and without a full time GP position. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of a protocol has reduced the referral rate, but it has not improved the appropriate referrals. More research is required to understand the determinants of inequalities in referral from primary care.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Urologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22082, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925747

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diabetes insipidus can be a common cause of polyuria and hydronephrosis in the kidneys. However, there is few reported case of urinary obstruction induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old Chinese man came to our hospital with the complaints of polydipsia and polyuria for 1 month. His examination showed chronic kidney disease stage III with eGFR of 48.274 ml/min, and the plasma osmolality was 338.00 mOsm/(kg·H2O) with a urinary osmolality of 163.00 mOsm/(kg·H2O). Moreover, imagological examination of the urinary system showed benign prostatic hyperplasia and hydronephrosis. DIAGNOSIS: He was considered with benign prostatic hyperplasia induced ureter hydronephrosis and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. INTERVENTIONS: He got the transurethral resection of the prostate to alleviate urinary retention. OUTCOMES: After that, the urine output gradually decreased, and the administered hydrochlorothiazide was stopped due to the improved renal function. CONCLUSION: Our study presents a case of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus caused by urinary obstruction. Differential diagnoses for diabetes insipidus as well as the relationship between nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and urinary obstruction are also considered in this study.


Assuntos
Diabetes Insípido Nefrogênico/etiologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações , Antidiuréticos/uso terapêutico , Desamino Arginina Vasopressina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Insípido Nefrogênico/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliúria/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Obstrução Ureteral/etiologia
18.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1215-1220, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913159

RESUMO

Background: Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy [BPH] is associated with voiding dysfunctions. Urodynamic study is the gold standard for diagnosis of voiding dysfunctions but is invasive. Bladder wall thickness (BWT), post-void urine residue (PVR), and bladder emptying efficiency (BEE) are noninvasive predictors of voiding dysfunction. Objective: To study the relationship among BWT, PVR, and BEE in BPH. Subjects and Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional prospective study of new BPH patients at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi. The participants had abdominal ultrasonography measurement of anterior BWT (at bladder volume ≥200 mls), prostate volume (PV), and PVR using Prosound SSD3500 (Aloka Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) with an abdominal probe frequency of 3.5 MHz. Then the BEE was calculated. The anterior BWT was divided into two groups: <5 mm and ≥5 mm. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Pearson's correlation was used to assess correlation and the differences between the means of the two groups of BWT were compared by Mann-Whitney test. A P- Value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Seventy seven men with a mean age of 66.66 ± 10.74 years were included in the study. Sixty one percent had symptoms lasting >12 months. The average anterior BWT, PBV, PVR, BEE, PV, and PSA were 4.55 ± 1.02 mm, 260.98 ± 57.44 mls, 58.36 ± 52.94 mls, 77.98 ± 17.37%, 66.31 ± 46.38 mls, and 8.04 ± 5.97 ng/ml, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between BWT and duration of symptoms (P = 0.044) and a significant negative correlation between BWT and BEE (P = 0.005). An insignificant positive correlation was found between BWT and PVR (P = 0.255). Fifty four (70.1%) had BWT <5 mm and 29.9% had BWT ≥5 mm. The mean IPSS (P = 0.000), PV (P = 0.032) and PVR (P = 0.020) were significantly higher in the ≥5 mm group. The ≥5 mm group also had a significantly lower BEE (P = 0.002). Conclusion: Voiding dysfunction was more severe in patients with BWT of 5 mm or more. There was a positive, but insignificant, correlation between anterior BWT and PVR and a significant negative correlation between BWT and BEE.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Retenção Urinária , Transtornos Urinários/patologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso/anatomia & histologia , Músculo Liso/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Liso/patologia , Nigéria , Estudos Prospectivos , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Bexiga Urinária/anatomia & histologia , Bexiga Urinária/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Urinários/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Urinários/etiologia , Urodinâmica
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21365, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Water vapor thermal therapy (WVTT) is a minimally invasive procedure for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). There are no known systematic reviews reporting the effectiveness and safety of this increasingly common BPH therapy. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies utilizing WVTT for symptomatic BPH. The international prostate symptom score (IPSS), IPSS-quality of life (IPSS-QOL), BPH impact index (BPHII), and maximum flow rate (Qmax) were calculated as the weighted mean difference relative to baseline and reported in minimal clinically important difference (MCID) units. MCID thresholds were -3 for IPSS, -0.5 for IPSS-QOL, -0.5 for BPHII, and 2 mL/s for Qmax. The surgical retreatment rate was calculated using life-table methods. RESULTS: We identified 5 cohorts treated with WVTT from 4 studies (514 patients; 40% with median lobe obstruction) with 2 years median follow-up (range: 6 months to 4 years). The IPSS, IPSS-QOL, BPHII, and Qmax significantly improved at all intervals between 3 months and 4 years; this benefit ranged from 3.3 to 3.8 MCID units for IPSS, 3.9 to 4.6 MCID units for IPSS-QOL, 6.8 to 8.2 MCID units for BPHII, and 1.5 to 3.0 MCID units for Qmax. The surgical retreatment rate was 7.0% at 4 years of follow-up data. Most adverse events were nonserious and transient; dysuria, urinary retention, and urinary tract infection were most common. No cases of de novo erectile dysfunction occurred. CONCLUSIONS: WVTT provided improvement in BPH symptoms that exceeded established MCID thresholds, preserved sexual function, and was associated with low surgical retreatment rates over 4 years.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Masculino , Vapor
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