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1.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(1): 4, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403529

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rezum® is a novel convection-based thermal therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) induced lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This review provides an overview of its safety, efficacy, cost, and potential role in the paradigm of BPH/LUTS therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: Data regarding Rezum® stems primarily from one large randomized controlled trial of 197 patients with 4 years of follow-up. The efficacy and safety of Rezum® is further supported by 4 additional studies including 1 prospective pilot study, 1 crossover study, and 2 retrospective studies. Durable improvements in IPSS (47-60%), QoL (38-52%), Qmax (45-72%), and PVR (11-38%) were seen without causing deterioration of sexual function. Rezum® offers a cost-effective and safe approach to treating BPH/LUTS and should be considered as a possible first-line therapy for patients with moderate to severe symptoms.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Vapor , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/métodos , Técnicas de Ablação/economia , Técnicas de Ablação/tendências , Convecção , Cistoscopia , Humanos , Hipertermia Induzida/economia , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/tendências , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/economia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/economia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/economia , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100693, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308525

RESUMO

Many interventions to treat men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are associated with sexual side effects or complications, such as hematospermia, erectile dysfunction, or ejaculatory dysfunction. As loss of sexual function can significantly impact quality of life, an optimal treatment for BPH associated LUTS would be one without any sexual dysfunction side effects. Prostatic artery embolization is a minimally invasive treatment for men with BPH associated LUTS. The aim of this paper is to review the effects of prostatic artery embolization on sexual function and compare the sexual side effect profile to the other available BPH procedures.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/diagnóstico , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/fisiopatologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/diagnóstico , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100696, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308526

RESUMO

There are active debates surrounding patient evaluation and procedural techniques of prostate artery embolization. This review evaluates the available evidence on the value of urodynamics, the effect of prostate gland size, the benefits of pre- and intraprocedural cross-sectional imaging, the utility of a balloon-occlusion microcatheter, the differences among embolic particle sizes and types, and the merits of radial versus femoral arterial access.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/normas , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/normas , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Urodinâmica
4.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100694, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308527

RESUMO

Hematuria of prostatic origin has multiple etiologies including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), iatrogenic urological trauma, prostate cancer, and radiation therapy. Hematuria secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia can occur because of the increased vascularity of the primary gland, itself, or because of the vascular re-growth following a transurethral resection of the prostate. Prostatic hematuria usually resolves with conservative measures; however, refractory hematuria of prostatic origin may require hospitalization with treatment with blood transfusions, repeated indwelling urinary catheterization, and continuous bladder irrigation. Prostate artery embolization is an emerging minimally invasive procedural therapy for men with BPH that was originally utilized for the treatment of refractory hematuria of prostatic origin . This article aims to summarize the currently available evidence around prostate artery embolization for the treatment of refractory hematuria of prostatic origin.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Hematúria/terapia , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Hematúria/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematúria/etiologia , Hematúria/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100687, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308528

RESUMO

As prostatic artery embolization is assuming an increasingly important role in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia, it is important for the practicing interventional radiologist to have a deep understanding of all aspects of the disease process and the available treatment options. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and management options for benign prostatic hyperplasia with an emphasis on the surgical and medical treatments.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Radiografia Intervencionista , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapêutico , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Agentes Urológicos/efeitos adversos
6.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100689, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308529

RESUMO

Identification of the prostatic arteries (PAs) is one of the most challenging aspects of prostate artery embolization for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia-associated lower urinary tract symptoms. Operators require a detailed understanding of the prostate arterial anatomy to ensure technical and clinical success with minimal complications. Due to substantial variability in internal iliac artery branch patterns and specifically the origin of the PA, we focus on 3 clinically relevant classification systems used to categorize the pelvic vasculature. These include classification systems to understand the internal iliac artery branching pattern, PA origin variation, and intraprostatic branching.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Artéria Ilíaca , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia
7.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100688, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308530

RESUMO

Prostate artery embolization (PAE) has been shown to be safe and effective at treating lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), urinary retention, and hematuria caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). To distinguish from other causes of these symptoms, a multidisciplinary evaluation by a urologist and interventional radiologist should include a complete history to screen for any nonprostate causes of LUTS. The International Prostate Symptom Score is a useful objective measure to quantify the patient's urinary complaints. A physical exam should be performed to evaluate a patient's candidacy for angiography, and baseline laboratory evaluation should ensure that the patient's coagulation and kidney function are adequate. In certain situations, patients may benefit from cystoscopy and urodynamic evaluation to ensure their symptoms are related to BPH. A review of the patient's imagining can be the most important component of the evaluation of a patient prior to PAE, because a patient's gland size is often a primary driver of what procedural options available are to him. Men with small glands (≤30 mL) can be treated with several of the available minimally invasive transurethral procedures, but larger glands (≥80-120 mL) may be limited to holmium laser enucleation of prostate, thulium laser enucleation of prostate, surgical prostatectomy, or PAE, depending on institutional practice patterns. Secondary considerations include medical comorbidities, the risks for sexual side effects, the risk for bleeding, and the possible adverse events associated with the procedure, which are all low for PAE. Most patients suffering from symptomatic BPH resulting in LUTS, retention, or hematuria will benefit from PAE.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Urodinâmica
8.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100695, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308532

RESUMO

Medically refractory benign prostatic hyperplasia induced lower urinary tract symptoms is an extremely prevalent issue in older men. The current gold standard therapy transurethral resection of the prostate does produce urologic improvements but is also associated with higher than desired morbidity. This has led to the need to develop new minimally invasive means to treat this disease; prostate artery embolization (PAE) has emerged as one minimally invasive treatment option for these patients. The body of evidence which supports the use of PAE has grown quickly and substantially over the last decade. The goal of this review is to introduce and summarize the published urologic outcomes for PAE when utilized to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia induced lower urinary tract symptoms as well as document the established complication profile. Finally, the paper reviews current societal recommendations as they relate to PAE.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/normas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/normas , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Urodinâmica
9.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100692, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308533

RESUMO

As prostate artery embolization (PAE) for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia becomes more commonly performed, operator knowledge of the adverse events is essential to inform patient selection, patient preparation, and postprocedural management. The aim of this article is to discuss the incidence, presentation, and management of adverse effects after PAE.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100691, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308534

RESUMO

In the last decade, prostatic artery embolization (PAE) established itself as a safe and effective treatment option for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) attributed to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), with reproducible results across multiple centers and endorsement by important international societies. However, PAE is also known to be a technically demanding procedure. Accompanying the prevalence of benign prostate hyperplasia, the procedure is usually performed in older patients, in whom atherosclerosis and comorbidities are common features. Also, prostatic vascular anatomy is described to be complex and variable, and pelvic structures are deeply interconnected by anastomosis. Thus, PAE demands a deep familiarization with materials and devices, intraprocedure imaging techniques, microcatetherization skills and with the pelvic vascular anatomy. Especially in the beginning of the learning curve, the procedure can be time-consuming and related to high radiation exposure for both medical team and the patient. In this article, the main points of technical concern during PAE are described and discussed, such as the equipment needed, the effect of different embolic materials, patient's preparation for the procedure, arterial access sites, identifying and catheterizing the prostatic arteries, the embolization techniques, among others. Finally, the most frequent technical challenges are presented, and the possible strategies to overcome them are exemplified and discussed.


Assuntos
Cateteres , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/instrumentação , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol ; 23(3): 100690, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308535

RESUMO

Prostate artery embolization (PAE) is a minimally invasive treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia associated lower urinary tract symptoms. The prostatic arterial anatomy, origins and collaterals, are highly variable and can lead to technical pitfalls and suboptimal results during PAE. In this paper we aim to discuss the variant prostate artery origins and collateral circulation to provide a primer on relevant anatomy for interventional radiologists performing PAE.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral , Embolização Terapêutica , Artéria Ilíaca/anormalidades , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional
12.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(8): 1272-1280, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741552

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of repeat prostatic artery (PA) embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted from 2009 to 2018 in 108 patients with symptomatic BPH treated with repeat PAE: group A (n = 39; 36.1%) were patients who never showed a response to PAE, and group B (n = 69; 63.9%) were patients who had clinical improvement in the first 6 months following PAE but relapsing symptoms afterward. The main patterns of revascularization were 75% from the previously embolized PA and 25% from collateral vessels (superior vesical, posterior-lateral PA, penile branches). Technical outcomes and adverse events were registered. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL), and clinical success were compared between groups. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 18 months (range, 1-36 mo); median interval between PAE and repeat PAE was 420 days (range, 77-2,240 d). Mean procedural time was significantly longer for repeat PAE vs initial PAE (81.1 min vs 67.4 min; P = .0007). There were no major complications and no urinary incontinence. Mean IPSS/QOL improvements were greater in group B vs group A: 9.51 vs 6.13 and 1.30 vs 0.56, respectively (P < .001). The cumulative probability of clinical success after repeat PAE was higher in group B than in group A (P = .0001): 84.1% vs 46.2% at 1 month, 56.7% vs 28.2% at 12 months, and 51.9% vs 16.9% at 24-36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Repeat PAE is safe and effective for recurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms caused by BPH but has limited impact in patients who did not show a response to initial PAE.


Assuntos
Artérias , Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Digital , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Radiografia Intervencionista , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 27(3): 242-247, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687126

RESUMO

Giant prostatic enlargement often referred to as giant prostatic hyperplasia (GPH) is a rare condition described as a massive prostatic enlargement >500 g. Up until now, the total number of GPH reported worldwide in medical literature is < 30. To the best of our knowledge, only one case of a giant prostate has been reported in Nigeria. We report a case of a giant prostatic enlargement treated by open simple retropubic prostatectomy in a 73-year-old man who was suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms and persistent visible (gross) haematuria necessitating repeated blood transfusions. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) scan revealed a markedly enlarged prostate measuring 565 ml with a suspicious nodule and prostate-specific antigen level of 48.5 ng/ml. He had a 20-core TRUS-guided prostatic biopsy which showed benign prostatic hyperplasia. We performed a retropubic open simple prostatectomy for complete enucleation of the adenoma. Specimen weighed 512.5 g with dimensions of 17 cm × 16 cm and a volume of 528 ml. Histological examination showed prostatic fibromuscular hyperplasia with a focus of adenocarcinoma. The patient had an uneventful post-operative recovery and was discharged within a week post-surgery. Urethral catheter was removed after 2 weeks with satisfactory outcome.


Assuntos
Hematúria/etiologia , Prostatectomia , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Adenoma , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores
14.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(7): 1090-1095.e1, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534974

RESUMO

This is a single-center retrospective analysis of 3 patients (mean age, 61 y ± 8.6) who underwent repeat prostatic artery (PA) embolization (PAE; rPAE) because of clinical failure after PAE. Revascularization of the central gland through a recanalized PA was the most frequent pattern observed (5 of 7; 71.4%), followed by revascularization through penile collateral vessels (2 of 7; 28.6%). Technical success during rPAE was achieved in 5 hemiprostates (83.3%). Clinical success at 6 months after rPAE was achieved in 2 of 3 patients (66.6%). Implications of these findings could be valuable to those performing PAE.


Assuntos
Artérias , Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Idoso , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento
15.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 62(3): 205-212, mayo-jun. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194218

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Presentar los resultados de un estudio multidisciplinar de dos hospitales terciarios, junto a los servicios de urología, sobre 102 pacientes consecutivos no candidatos a cirugía tratados durante más de 6 años, en los que se realizó embolización de arterias prostáticas para el tratamiento de la hiperplasia benigna. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Desde diciembre de 2012 a febrero de 2019, 102 pacientes con síntomas de hiperplasia benigna de la próstata (HBP) no candidatos a cirugía o que la rechazaron explícitamente, con una edad media de 73,9 años (rango 47,5-94,5), fueron sometidos a embolización prostática. Se llevó a cabo un seguimiento de estos a través de cuestionarios sobre la sintomatología urinaria, función sexual e impacto en la calidad de vida, así como la medición del volumen prostático, uroflujometría y antígeno prostático específico (PSA) al mes, 3 y 6 meses y al año del procedimiento. RESULTADOS: La técnica fue exitosa en un 96% de los pacientes (76,2% bilateral y 19,8% unilateral). El tiempo de duración media del procedimiento fue de 92 minutos y el de radioscopia, de 35,2 minutos. Se demostraron cambios estadísticamente significativos (p < 0,05) en el PSA, el flujo urinario pico (Qmáx), el cuestionario QoL (Quality of life) y el International Index of Erectile Function (IPSS). El PSA disminuyó un 58% a los 3 meses respecto al valor inicial. Asimismo, el Qmáx aumentó de manera significativa en un 63% al tercer mes tras la embolización. Se obtuvo una mejoría significativa en los test QoL e IPSS, con una disminución de 3,7 puntos y 13,5 puntos de media, respectivamente, al año de seguimiento. El volumen prostático mostró una disminución no estadísticamente significativa al año, tras el tratamiento. Se han recogido una serie de complicaciones menores, que en ningún caso requirieron ingreso hospitalario. CONCLUSIONES: La embolización prostática para el tratamiento de la HPB demostró ser una técnica eficaz y segura en pacientes no candidatos a cirugía


OBJECTIVE: To present the results of a multidisciplinary study of two tertiary hospitals, together with urology services, on 102 consecutive patients not candidates for surgery treated for more than 6 years, in whom prostatic arteries were embolised for the treatment of benign hyperplasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From December 2012 to February 2019, 102 patients with symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) not candidates for surgery or who explicitly rejected surgery, with an average age of 73.9 years (range 47.5-94.5), underwent prostatic artery embolisation. The patients were followed up by questionnaires on urinary symptoms, sexual function and impact on quality of life, as well as measurement of prostate volume, uroflowmetry and prostate specific antigen (PSA) at one, 3 and 6 months and one year following the procedure. RESULTS: The technique was successful in 96% of patients (76.2% bilateral and 19.8% unilateral). The mean duration of the procedure was 92minutes and of the radioscopy 35.2minutes. Statistically significant changes were demonstrated (p <.05) in PSA, peak urinary flow, QoL (quality of life) questionnaire and the International Index of Erectile Function (IPSS). PSA had reduced by 58% from baseline at 3 months. Similarly, the Qmax had increased significantly by 63% in the third month following embolisation. A significant improvement in the QoL and IPSS tests was achieved, with a reduction of 3.7 points and a mean 13.5 points, respectively, at one year's follow-up. Prostate volume showed a non-statistically significant decrease at follow-up of one year following treatment. A series of minor complications was collected, no case of which required hospital admission. CONCLUSIONS: Prostatic embolisation for the treatment of BPH proved an effective and safe technique in patients who were not candidates for surgery


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Embolização Terapêutica , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Artérias/patologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Qualidade de Vida , Reologia/métodos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Prospectivos , Angiografia/métodos , Fluoroscopia/métodos
17.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(7): 1084-1089, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457008

RESUMO

This retrospective report describes treatment of 21 patients who underwent prostatic artery embolization using 70- to 150-µm radiopaque microspheres for lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Seventeen patients (81%) received successful bilateral prostatic artery embolization. At a mean follow-up of 42 days (range, 25-59 days), patients showed improvement in International Prostate Symptom Score (n = 11; mean = 10.6; P = .001), quality of life score (n = 17; mean = 2.0; P = .02), and International Index of Erectile Function (n = 17; mean = 9.3; P = .01). The mean prostate volume reduction was 28 mL (16.2%; P = .003). Nontarget embolization occurred twice, resulting in 1 minor adverse event of hematospermia.


Assuntos
Artérias , Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Microesferas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/fisiopatologia , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(5): 820-830, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively assess safety and efficacy of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) with bleomycin-eluting microspheres for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a canine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve adult male beagles (mean age, 1.6 y ± 0.2; range, 1.2-2.0 y) were randomly assigned to group A (n = 6; PAE with bleomycin-eluting 30-60-µm HepaSphere microspheres) and group B (n = 6; PAE with bland 30-60-µm HepaSphere microspheres) between April 2017 and November 2018. Plasma bleomycin concentration in group A was measured within 7 days. Prostate volume (PV) and ischemic volume after PAE were measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Prostates and adjacent organs were harvested after the last magnetic resonance study and histopathologically examined. RESULTS: Plasma bleomycin concentration peaked at 10 minutes at 2,055.0 ng/mL ± 606.1 and lasted for 1,440 min at low levels after PAE. PV reduction percentage was greater in group A than in group B at 1 month (74.1% ± 4.3 vs 63.7% ± 3.5; P = .006) and 3 months (61.5% ± 6.7 vs 46.1% ± 3.8; P = .001) after PAE. Proportion of prostate ischemic volume was greater in group A than in group B (75.3% ± 3.0 vs 62.0% ± 7.1; P = .006) at 1 month after PAE. Proportion of prostate ischemic volume at 1 month positively correlated with PV percentage reduction at 3 months in group A (r = 0.840, P = .036) and group B (r = 0.844, P = .035). There were no complications or nontarget embolization to surrounding organs after the procedures. CONCLUSIONS: In a canine model, PAE with bleomycin-eluting microspheres was feasible and well tolerated and caused ischemic necrosis and reduction in PV.


Assuntos
Artérias , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Embolização Terapêutica , Próstata/irrigação sanguínea , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Angiografia Digital , Animais , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Microesferas , Necrose , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1987, 2020 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332823

RESUMO

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate, is among the most common diseases affecting aging men, but the underlying molecular features remain poorly understood, and therapeutic options are limited. Here we employ a comprehensive molecular investigation of BPH, including genomic, transcriptomic and epigenetic profiling. We find no evidence of neoplastic features in BPH: no evidence of driver genomic alterations, including low coding mutation rates, mutational signatures consistent with aging tissues, minimal copy number alterations, and no genomic rearrangements. At the epigenetic level, global hypermethylation is the dominant process. Integrating transcriptional and methylation signatures identifies two BPH subgroups with distinct clinical features and signaling pathways, validated in two independent cohorts. Finally, mTOR inhibitors emerge as a potential subtype-specific therapeutic option, and men exposed to mTOR inhibitors show a significant decrease in prostate size. We conclude that BPH consists of distinct molecular subgroups, with potential for subtype-specific precision therapy.


Assuntos
Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Agentes Urológicos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Biomarcadores/análise , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Epigenômica , Genômica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Mutação , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho do Órgão/genética , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia Prostática/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , RNA-Seq , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Agentes Urológicos/farmacologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
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