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2.
Croat Med J ; 62(5): 523-527, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730894

RESUMO

We report on a 34-year-old woman diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex. The patient was admitted for respiratory manifestations, while multi-organ involvement made the diagnostic process challenging. Genetic testing revealed a novel mutation TSC1 c.2094_2110del (p.His699Ter), which expands the disease-causing variant spectrum. Our results may facilitate the disease diagnostics and help to devise genetic counseling and targeted gene therapy.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Esclerose Tuberosa , Adulto , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/genética , Hiperplasia/patologia , Mutação , Esclerose Tuberosa/diagnóstico , Esclerose Tuberosa/genética
3.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(10): 1128-1133, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619865

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and significance of spindle cell type squamous dysplasia of the esophagus. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 37 cases of spindle cell type squamous dysplasia of esophagus were collected retrospectively at People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital (formerly 152 Hospital), Pingdingshan, China, from 2009 to 2019. The histological and immunohistochemical characteristics were analyzed, with a literature review. Results: The median age of the 37 patients was 65 years (range 47-81 years), while the ratio of men to women was 1.5∶1.0. There were 4 cases in the upper esophagus, 31 in the middle esophagus and 2 in the lower esophagus. The median diameter of the lesions was 14 mm (range 3-40 mm). According to the Paris classification, 11 cases were 0-Ⅱa, 14 cases were 0-Ⅱb, 3 cases were 0-Ⅱb and 0-Ⅱa, and 9 cases were 0-Ⅱc. Under endoscope, the lesional mucosa was reddish. The micro-vessels were dilated, with various shapes and density. Histologically, tumor cells and nuclei were spindle shaped or elongated spindle shaped, with considerable homogeneity, dark nuclei and delicate or slightly thickened chromatin. The mitosis was conspicuous, and atypic mitoses were seen; the cytoplasm was acidophilic, and the intercellular bridge was obvious. The cells were dense and often lost polarity, but still arranged in parallel, mostly perpendicular to the basement membrane. Spindle cells often involved the whole layer of epithelium, with no gradient maturation and differentiation of normal squamous epithelium. The tumor was well demarcated. The spindle cells often invaded lamina propria. There were 15 cases with focal high-grade dysplasia and superficial invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the mutation rate of p53 was 41.4% (12/29), the median of Ki-67 labeling index was 40% (range 20%-80%), and the abnormal distribution pattern of Ki-67 was 29 (100%). According to the initial pathological diagnosis, there were 6 cases of low-grade dysplasia, 4 cases of atypical epithelial cells and 27 cases of high-grade dysplasia and superficial invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusions: Spindle tumor cells have moderate to severe atypia, and some tumors show invasive pattern. P53 mutation and Ki-67 abnormal distribution pattern indicate that they are high-grade dysplasia of esophageal squamous epithelium. The unique characteristics of spindle tumor cells suggest that they may represent a spindle cell subtype in the morphological spectrum of esophageal squamous dysplasia. When the knowledge of the lesion is insufficient, it can be easily misdiagnosed or missed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Cir Pediatr ; 34(4): 200-206, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606700

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Congenital muscular hyperplasia of the hand is a rarely described entity, characterized by the presence of aberrant or accessory muscles in the hypothenar eminence, which has been always reported as sporadic anomaly in the medical literature. The aim of this paper is to report a series of cases with a phenotype of aberrant muscle hyperplasia associated with PIK3CA mutations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We describe a retrospective series of cases followed at our institution between 2008 and 2020, with a unique phenotypein the context of PIK3CA mutations. RESULTS: A total of 6 patients were included (4 males and 2 females), who presented with an enlargement of the hypothenar eminence of the hand and peculiar wrinkling of the overlying skin, associated with ulnar deviation of the metacarpo-phalangeal joints. In all cases, variable degrees of congenital overgrowth of the ipsilateral limb were observed. Skin punch biopsy (5 mm diameter and 3-5 mm depth) was performed on 4 patients, where striated muscle hyperplasia and the presence of striated muscular fibers in the dermis and hypodermis were observed in all of them. Genetic studies revealed PIK3CA mutation in 3 of the 4 patients whose affected tissue was analyzed, in a mosaic state ranging from 3 to 8% (His1047Arg, Glu542Lys, and Cys420Arg, 1 case each). CONCLUSION: Aberrant muscular hyperplasia of the hand is a well-recognized entity scarcely described in association with PIK3CA spectrum disorder in the pediatric population. The role of PIK3CA in muscle overgrowth is not yet well understood.


Assuntos
Mãos , Criança , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
N Engl J Med ; 385(15): 1420, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614332
6.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(9): 873-877, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638207

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the MRI features of hepatic nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) induced by chemotherapy. Methods: The clinical data and MRI of 20 cases with hepatic NRH induced by chemotherapy and confirmed by pathology in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from August 2014 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 7 females, with an average age of 49.8 ± 9.7 years. Contrast-enhanced MR scan with Gd-DTPA was performed eighteen patients, and two patients underwent contrast-enhanced MR scan with hepatobiliary specific contrast (Gd-EOB-DTPA). The image analysis includes the number, location, size, shape, signal intensity in plain scan and enhancement pattern of lesions. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the lesions and adjacent hepatic parenchyma were measured on the ADC map, and the difference was compared with paired sample t test. Results: A total of 36 lesions in 20 patients were rounded or oval, including 23 (63.9%) lesions in the right lobe, 12 (33.3%) in the left lobe and 1 (2.8%) in the caudate lobe. The average diameter of all lesions was 15.4 ± 6.4 (7.0-37.0) mm. The boundary was clear in 9 (25.0%) lesions and blurred in 27 (75%) lesions. In T1WI, 35 (97.2%) lesions showed slightly hypointensity, and in 1 (2.8%) lesion was iosintensity. All 36 lesions showed slightly hyperintensity in T2WI. 33 (91.7%) lesions showed slightly hyperintensity in DWI, and 3 (8.3%) lesions showed iosintensity. 31 lesions with Gd-DTPA enhanced MR scan were significantly enhanced in the arterial phase and showed slightly high signal intensity in early portal vein phase, late portal vein phase and equilibrium phase. 5 lesions with Gd-EOB-DTPA enhanced MR scan were also significantly enhanced in the arterial phase and showed slightly high signal intensity in early portal vein phase, late portal vein phase and equilibrium phase, then all lesions showed circular high signal intensity in hepatobiliary specific phase. The average ADC value of 29 lesions was (1.471 ± 0.253) × 10(-3) mm(2)/s, and that of adjacent liver parenchyma was (1.460 ± 0.235) ×10(-3) mm(2)/s. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: MR findings of NRH induced by chemotherapy have certain characteristics, and the morphological manifestations, diffusion-weighted imaging, enhanced imaging and hepatobiliary specific phase features of the lesions can help to diagnose the disease.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Trials ; 22(1): 685, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent synovial hyperplasia with inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is one of the main pathogeneses of refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RRA). Photodynamic therapy (PDT) causes less trauma than steroid injections or arthroscopic synovectomy while providing stronger targeting and more durable curative effects. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the short-, medium-, and long-term clinical efficacy of PDT when applied as a treatment for RRA synovial hyperplasia and synovitis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This protocol is for a single-center, randomized, double-blind, blank-controlled prospective trial. A sample of 126 RRA patients will be randomly divided into 3 groups: the control group, the "PDT once" group, and the "PDT twice" group, with 42 participants per group. The trial will be conducted by the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University. The Ultrasound Compound Score of Synovitis (UCSS) has been selected as the primary outcome measure. The secondary outcome measures include knee joint clinical assessments, ratio of relapse, duration of remission, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28), inflammation indexes, serum concentrations of specific antibodies, and changes in articular structures as detected by X-ray scans in the 48th week. The improvement ratios of the UCSS at the 8th, 24th, and 48th weeks (compared with baseline) reflect short-, medium-, and long-term time frames, respectively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of the Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, China (Approval No. granted by the ethics committee: NFZXYEC-2017-005) and then entered in the Chinese Clinical Trials Registry under registration number ChiCTR1800014918 (approval date: February 21, 2018). All procedures are in accordance with Chinese laws and regulations and with the Declaration of Helsinki by the World Medical Association (WMA). Any modifications of this protocol during execution will need additional approval from the Ethics Committee of our hospital. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1800014918 .


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fotoquimioterapia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 289, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (PNLH) is a rare benign illness. Due to atypical clinical and radiographic presentations, diagnosis largely depends on postoperative pathological examination. Thus, preoperative misdiagnosis is often occurred. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of asymptomatic PNLH that was seen as ground-glass opacity (GGO) on computed tomography (CT). After 3-year observation, the diagnosis tends to adenocarcinoma owing to increasing density of the node and vessel convergence sign, which were signs of malignancy. Video-assisted segmentectomy (S10) was carried out. Histopathologic examination of postoperative specimen showed follicular lymphoid hyperplasia with interfollicular lymphoplasmacytosis, consistent with PNLH. The follow-up chest CT images showed no recurrence or metastasis. CONCLUSION: Although it is a benign disease, PNLH can exhibit malignant signs in the imaging examinations, which could lead to misdiagnosis. This reminds us of the uncertainty between imaging findings and diagnosis. The diagnosis depends on postoperative pathological examination. Volume doubling time is a potential parameter to differentiate PNLH from lung cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Hiperplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(42): e27574, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678900

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic myointimal hyperplasia of mesenteric veins (IMHMV) is an uncommon cause of ischemic bowel disease resulting from the proliferation of smooth muscles in the venous intima. Delayed diagnosis could only be made following the surgical resection due to lack of imaging data, which may lead to bowel severe bleeding, perforation, necrosis, infection, or shock. In previous reports, few cases have provided the detailed pre-operative radiological characteristics of IMHMV. Herein, we are the first to provide the complete clinical course and comprehensive pre-operative radiological data of a 21-year-old female diagnosed with IMHMV. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. Physical examination revealed tenderness localized to the left lower abdomen. The patient had no prior history of similar symptoms. A computed tomography scan was performed and showed diffuse wall thickening from the rectum to sigmoid colon with poor mural enhancement, multiple ulcers, fat stranding, and free fluid. The arterial phase images demonstrated many tortuous pericolic arteries and submucosal pseudoaneurysm. INTERVENTION: Conservative treatment including empirical antibiotics, Mesalazine, and methylprednisolone sodium succinate were administrated to relief the symptoms. However, the diarrhea and abdominal pain worsened. An emergency surgery was arranged and total proctocolectomy with ileal pouchanal anastomosis with ileostomy was performed. DIAGNOSIS: Macroscopic and histopathological examinations of the excised specimen showed ischemic colitis. Elastica van Gieson staining revealed extensive myointimal hyperplasia and confirmed the diagnosis of IMHMV. OUTCOMES: During the 2-year follow-up period, no additional medical management was needed. The patient was well and surveillance colonoscopy showed normal colon and anastomosis. CONCLUSION: Pre-operative computed tomography with imaging features including pronounced continuous concentric thickening colonic wall with poor enhancement and enlarged tortuous pericolic arteries could specifically facilitate the speedy diagnosis of IMHMV.


Assuntos
Colite Isquêmica/etiologia , Hiperplasia/complicações , Veias Mesentéricas/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/complicações , Colite Isquêmica/patologia , Colite Isquêmica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/patologia , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Int J Surg ; 94: 106135, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To summarize the current evidence on different laser-based enucleation techniques for benign prostate hyperplasia and compare the efficacy and safety of en-bloc, two-lobe and three-lobe techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a systematical search of multiple scientific databases in March 2021, we performed a systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis of the primary outcomes of interest according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) and AMSTAR (Assessing the methodological quality of systematic reviews) Guidelines, whose protocol was registered with PROSPERO(CRD42021240684). RESULTS: A total of 9 studies were included. All three laser enucleation techniques had no statistically significant difference in terms of enucleated prostate weight, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), international prostate symptom score (IPSS), transient UI (TUI), persistent UI (PUI) and early postoperative complications. A shorter enucleation time was associated with the en-bloc technique compared to three technique (MD: -8.26, 95%CI: -12.73--3.79, p = 0.0003), whereas no significant difference was found in en-bloc versus two-lobe technique (MD:0.97,95%CI: -0.30-2.24,p = 0.13) and two-lobe versus three-lobe technique (MD: -3.19, 95%CI: -7.45-1.06, p = 0.14). A higher enucleation rate was associated with the en-bloc and two-lobe technique (MD: 0.05, 95%CI: 0.00-0.10, p = 0.03; MD: 0.09, 95%CI: 0.01-0.17, p = 0.03, respectively). A superior QoL was related to the two-lobe enucleation technique compared to three-lobe technique (MD: 0.22, 95%CI: 0.06-0.39, p = 0.009), whereas no meaningful difference was found in the group of en-bloc versus two-lobe (MD: -0.12, 95%CI: -0.62-0.37, p = 0.62) and group of en-bloc versus three-lobe (MD: -0.14, 95%CI: -0.56-0.29, p = 0.52). CONCLUSIONS: En-bloc and two-lobe laser-based enucleation techniques are feasible and safe alternative to three-lobe technique with comparable surgical outcomes and similar functional outcomes. A superior enucleation efficiency was associated with En-bloc and the two-lobe techniques compared to the three-lobe technique.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Próstata , Enucleação Ocular , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Próstata/cirurgia , Prostatectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Pathol ; 41(6): 544-548, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymic hyperplasia presents as an anterior mediastinal mass and poses important diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Two types of thymic hyperplasia are described: true hyperplasia and follicular hyperplasie. Literature data are peculiar concerning both entities. We aimed to describe the clinical and microscopic characteristics of thymic hyperplasia through a single institution experience during an 11-year-period. METHODS: Thymic hyperplasia diagnosed during the period between 2009 and 2020 were included. RESULTS: In all, 46 thymic hyperplasias were diagnosed. The 46 patients consisted in 33 women and 13 men with a mean age of 30 years. Microscopic diagnosis concluded to a follicular hyperplasia in 12 cases and a true thymic hyperplasia in 34 cases. The diagnosis of true thymic hyperplasia posed a diagnostic challenge with an involuted thymus in 1 case and a thymolipoma in 1 case. The confrontation with the clinical data allowed retaining the diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of thymic hyperplasia is based on microscopic features. The confrontation with clinical data and the measurements of the thymus according to the age allow to retain the diagnosis in most challenging cases.


Assuntos
Doenças Linfáticas , Doenças do Mediastino , Hiperplasia do Timo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Hiperplasia do Timo/diagnóstico
12.
FASEB J ; 35(11): e21959, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605572

RESUMO

The proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are essential events in venous neointimal hyperplasia (VNH), a culprit of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) malfunction. Mitotic arrest-deficient protein 2B (MAD2B) is a critical regulator of cell proliferation and differentiation in many scenarios. To address the role of MAD2B in VSMCs proliferation and migration during VNH, AVFs from patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) mice were used to evaluate MAD2B expression. In cultured VSMCs treated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), the effect of MAD2B on VSMCs proliferation and migration was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay, immunofluorescence, wound-healing scratch and transwell assays. Besides, we exploited different small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to explore the potential mechanisms in the issue. Furthermore, rapamycin was applied to reveal whether MAD2B-associated pathways were involved in its inhibitory effect on VSMCs proliferation and migration. Accordingly, we found that MAD2B expression was enhanced in AVFs from patients with ESRD, CKD mice and VSMCs stimulated by PDGF-BB. Meanwhile, inhibition of MAD2B alleviated VSMCs proliferation and migration while the number of ski-related novel gene (SnoN)-positive VSMCs was also increased in vivo and in vitro. Moreover, gene deletion of MAD2B decreased the level of SnoN protein in PDGF-BB-stimulated VSMCs. Furthermore, rapamycin suppressed the increased expressions of MAD2B and SnoN induced by PDGF-BB. Thus, our study demonstrates that inhibition of MAD2B suppresses the proliferation and migration of VSMCs during VNH via reducing SnoN expression. Moreover, rapamycin exerts an inhibitory effect on intimal hyperplasia, possibly via the MAD2B-SnoN axis.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia , Falência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Proteínas Mad2/fisiologia , Neointima , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Hiperplasia/metabolismo , Hiperplasia/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Neointima/metabolismo , Neointima/patologia
13.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 418, 2021 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemihyperplasia and hemihypoplasia result in leg length discrepancy (LLD) by causing skeletal asymmetry. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) and Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) are opposite growth-affecting disorders caused by opposite epigenetic alterations at the same chromosomal locus, 11p15, to induce hemihyperplasia and hemihypoplasia, respectively. Because of their somatic mosaicism, BWS and SRS show a wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes. We evaluated the underlying epigenetic alterations and potential epigenotype-phenotype correlations, focusing on LLD, in a group of individuals with isolated hemihyperplasia/hemihypoplasia. RESULTS: We prospectively collected paired blood-tissue samples from 30 patients with isolated hemihyperplasia/hemihypoplasia who underwent surgery for LLD. Methylation-specific multiplex-ligation-dependent probe amplification assay (MS-MLPA) and bisulfite pyrosequencing for differentially methylated regions 1 and 2 (DMR1 and DMR2) on chromosome 11p15 were performed using the patient samples. Samples from patients showing no abnormalities in MS-MLPA or bisulfite pyrosequencing were analyzed by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray and CDKN1C Sanger sequencing. We introduced a metric named as the methylation difference, defined as the difference in DNA methylation levels between DMR1 and DMR2. The correlation between the methylation difference and the predicted LLD at skeletal maturity, calculated using a multiplier method, was evaluated. Predicted LLD was standardized for stature. Ten patients (33%) showed epigenetic alterations in MS-MLPA and bisulfite pyrosequencing. Of these, six and four patients had epigenetic alterations related to BWS and SRS, respectively. The clinical diagnosis of hemihyperplasia/hemihypoplasia was not compatible with the epigenetic alterations in four of these ten patients. No patients showed abnormalities in SNP array or their CDKN1C sequences. The standardized predicted LLD was moderately correlated with the methylation difference using fat tissue (r = 0.53; p = 0.002) and skin tissue (r = 0.50; p = 0.005) in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: Isolated hemihyperplasia and hemihypoplasia can occur as a spectrum of BWS and SRS. Although the accurate differentiation between isolated hemihyperplasia and isolated hemihypoplasia is important in tumor surveillance planning, it is often difficult to clinically differentiate these two diseases without epigenetic tests. Epigenetic tests may play a role in the prediction of LLD, which would aid in treatment planning.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro) , Síndrome de Silver-Russell , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigênese Genética/genética , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome de Silver-Russell/genética
14.
Pathologica ; 113(4): 272-279, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542543

RESUMO

Background: Adenomyomatous hyperplasia (AMH) of the gallbladder, reported in 1-8.7% of cholecystectomies, consists of cystically dilated sinuses/glands with a surrounding spindle cell proliferation which is thought to be composed of smooth muscle cells. Myofibroblasts are contractile cells that secrete a variety of biochemical modulators causing a "field-effect". Myofibroblasts can be immunohistochemically distinguished from smooth muscle cells by their desmin negativity. Methods: Eighteen cases of AMH and five cases each of chronic follicular cholecystitis, chronic cholecystitis, gallbladder carcinoma and 10 colonic diverticular disease were stained with actin and desmin. The percentage of myofibroblasts was estimated by the difference between actin and desmin staining in the same field. Statistical anlysis was performed using SPSS 22.0. Results: The percentage of actin staining was significantly higher in AMH and gallbladder carcinoma compared to chronic follicular and chronic cholecystitis (p = 0.04). The percentage of desmin staining did not show any significant difference between the four groups. The estimated myofibroblastic population was significantly higher in AMH when compared to chronic follicular and chronic cholecystitis (p = 0.005). Conclusion: The spindle cell proliferation around cystically dilated glands in AMH is composed predominantly of myofibroblasts and of smooth muscle cells as previously described. This finding suggest a derangement in epithelial-stromal interactions as the underlying pathophysiology in AMH.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Actinas , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Hiperplasia
15.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153719, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neointimal formation, mediated by the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), is a common pathological basis for atherosclerosis and restenosis. Myricetin, a natural flavonoid, reportedly exerts anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the effect and mechanism of myricetin on VSMCs proliferation and migration and neointimal hyperplasia (NIH) remain unknown. PURPOSE: We investigated myricetin's effect on NIH, as well as the potential involvement of transforming growth factor-beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1) signaling in mediating myricetin's anti-atherosclerotic and anti-restenotic actions. METHODS: Myricetin's effects on the proliferation and migration of HASMCs and A7R5 cells were determined by CCK-8, EdU assays, wound healing, Transwell assays, and western blotting (WB).Molecular docking, molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and TGFBR1 kinase activity assays were employed to investigate the interaction between myricetin and TGFBR1. An adenovirus vector encoding TGFBR1 was used to verify the effects of myricetin. In vivo, the left common carotid artery (LCCA) ligation mouse model was adopted to determine the impacts of myricetin on neointimal formation and TGFBR1 activation. RESULTS: Myricetin dose-dependently inhibited the migration and proliferation in VSMCs, suppressed the expression of CDK4, cyclin D3, MMP2, and MMP9. Molecular docking revealed that myricetin binds to key regions for TGFBR1 antagonist binding, and the binding energy was -9.61 kcal/mol. MD simulation indicated stable binding between TGFBR1 and myricetin. Additionally, SPR revealed an equilibrium dissociation constant of 4.35 × 10-5 M between myricetin and TGFBR1. According to the TGFBR1 kinase activity assay, myricetin directly inhibited TGFBR1 kinase activity (IC50 = 8.551 µM). Furthermore, myricetin suppressed the phosphorylation level of TGFBR1, Smad2, and Smad3 in a dose-dependent pattern, which was partially inhibited by TGFBR1 overexpression. Consistently, TGFBR1 overexpression partially rescued the suppressive roles of myricetin on VSMCs migration and proliferation. Moreover, myricetin dramatically inhibited NIH and reduced TGFBR1, Smad2, and Smad3 phosphorylation in the LCCA. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to demonstrate that myricetin suppresses NIH and VSMC proliferation and migration via inhibiting TGFBR1 signaling. Myricetin can be developed as a potential therapeutic candidate for treating atherosclerosis and vascular restenosis.


Assuntos
Músculo Liso Vascular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Animais , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Hiperplasia , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I
16.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 9: 23247096211044617, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514900

RESUMO

Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) is a rare disease that is characterized by benign transformation of the hepatic parenchyma into small nodules with little to no fibrosis. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia is a cause of noncirrhotic portal hypertension. Symptoms can range from asymptomatic disease to more serious complications of portal hypertension such as esophageal varices and ascites. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia has been described in association with a variety of different rheumatologic, hematologic, and oncologic diseases, as well as in immune deficiency states and with exposures to certain toxins. Diagnosis is made by histology, and the treatment involves addressing the underlying disease. The first description of this rare disease was actually described in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, neutropenia, and splenomegaly (Felty's Syndrome). We describe 2 cases of NRH associated with underlying rheumatic disorders, in one of which NRH was actually the presenting feature of the patient's underlying autoimmune condition. Subsequently, we provide a brief review of the literature of NRH in autoimmune disease with respect to epidemiology, cause, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Portal , Doenças Reumáticas , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Regeneração Hepática , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4230-4237, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467737

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of Xiaoyao San(XYS) in the treatment of three diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency, ie, depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia, and to provide a theoretical basis for the interpretation of the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of traditional Chinese medicines. Traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database and analysis platform(TCMSP) was used to screen the active components of XYS which underwent principal component analysis(PCA) with the available drugs for these three diseases to determine the corresponding biological activities. The targets of XYS on depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were obtained from GeneCards, TTD, CTD, and DrugBank databases. Cytoscape was used to plot the "individual herbal medicine-active components-potential targets" network. The resulting key targets were subjected to Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway analysis and gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis. A total of 121 active components of XYS and 38 common targets in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia were collected. The key biological pathways were identified, including advanced glycation and products(AGEs)-receptor for advanced glycation and products(RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications, HIF-1 signaling pathway, and cancer-related pathways. The key targets of XYS in the treatment of depression, breast hyperplasia, and functional dyspepsia included IL6, IL4, and TNF, and the key components were kaempferol, quercetin, aloe-emodin, etc. As revealed by the molecular docking, a strong affinity was observed between the key components and the key targets, which confirmed the results. The therapeutic efficacy of XYS in the treatment of diseases of liver depression and spleen deficiency was presumedly achieved by reducing the inflammatory reactions. The current findings are expected to provide novel research ideas and approaches to classify the scientific connotation of "treating different diseases with the same method" of Chinese medicines, as well as a theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of XYS and exploring its clinical applications.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Dispepsia , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
18.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 98, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466200

RESUMO

Bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (BMAH) is a rare cause of adrenal Cushing's syndrome, accounting for less than 1% of cases. We here report the case of a 48-year-old patient with diabetes and hypertension presenting with clinical signs of Cushing's syndrome. Etiological assessment enabled clinicians to retain the diagnosis of Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent hypercortisolism associated with BMAH. Unilateral left adrenalectomy was performed based on noriodocholesterol scintigraphy results, with good outcome. However, given the risk of recurrence and cardiovascular complications, long-term monitoring was scheduled.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Adrenalectomia , Síndrome de Cushing/etiologia , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/metabolismo , Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Cushing/cirurgia , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Mycoses ; 64(11): 1422-1428, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral chronic hyperplastic candidiasis (CHC) is the most uncommon type of oral candidiasis with diverse manifestations. Up to date the diagnosis, long-term management and prognosis of this oral potentially malignant disorder remain obscure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to provide the recommendations guiding the diagnostic procedure, clinical management and prognosis assessment of CHC. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed during January 2015 to April 2021 involving patients with a definite diagnosis of CHC in the Department of Oral Medicine of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Demographic features, clinical and histopathological features, treatment protocols and follow-ups including malignancy transformation were analysed. RESULTS: Fourty eight CHC patients were collected and reviewed, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.69:1. The average age at diagnosis was 54.92 ± 9.79 (36-80) years old. Clinically, the multiform oral lesions were diverse and frequently presented as white plaque and erythematous lesions. As a result, the initial diagnostic accordance rate was only 54.17%, and the most common presumptive initial diagnoses were oral lichen planus (22.92%), oral leukoplakia (20.83%) and traumatic lesion (2.08%). Histopathologically, ten (20.83%) patients had varying degrees of epithelial dysplasia, and two (4.17%) patients had malignant transformation with a mean transformation time of 6.5 ± 6.36 months. Among the 28 patients who underwent fungal culture, 24 patients were exclusively infected by Candida albicans, with two patients each mixed infected by C glabrata and C tropicalis, respectively. Notably, treatment with fluconazole had the lower recurrence rate compared with topical nystatin. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis and management of CHC remain a challenge due to its polymorphic clinical presentations, chronic progression and potential of malignant transformation.


Assuntos
Candidíase Mucocutânea Crônica/patologia , Candidíase Mucocutânea Crônica/terapia , Neoplasias Bucais/etiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 65(5): 648-663, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591404

RESUMO

Acromegaly caused by ectopic growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)-secreting tumor is exceedingly rare. We report a case of acromegaly secondary to GHRH secretion by an incidentally diagnosed pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and review 47 similar cases in literature. A 22-year-old male patient presented with symptoms of pituitary apoplexy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed apoplexy of a pituitary adenoma. Routinely prior to surgery, a chest radiography was performed which revealed a mass in the left lung. During investigation, the patient was diagnosed with metastatic GHRH-secreting pulmonary NET. In retrospect, it was noted that the patient had pituitary hyperplasia 20 months prior to the MRI which showed the presence of a pituitary adenoma. The histological findings confirmed somatotroph hyperplasia adjacent to somatotropinoma. This case suggests that GHRH secretion can be associated with pituitary hyperplasia, which may be followed by pituitary adenoma formation.


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Adenoma , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Hormônio Liberador de Hormônio do Crescimento , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
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