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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15006, 2024 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951583

RESUMO

Although the relationship between allergies and cancer has been investigated extensively, the role of allergies in head and neck cancer (HNC) appears less consistent. It is unclear whether allergies can independently influence the risk of HNC in the presence of substantial environmental risk factors, including consumption of alcohol, betel quid, and cigarettes. This study aims to find this association. We examined the relationship between allergies and HNC risk in a hospital-based case-control study with 300 cases and 375 matched controls. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals, controlling for age, sex, tobacco smoking and opium usage history, alcohol consumption, and socioeconomic status. Our study showed a significant reduction in the risk of HNC associated with allergy symptoms after adjusting for confounders. The risk of HNC was greatly reduced among those with any type of allergy (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.28, 0.65). The ORs were considerably reduced by 58-88% for different kinds of allergies. The risk of HNC reduction was higher in allergic women than in allergic men (71% vs. 49%). Allergies play an influential role in the risk of HNC development. Future studies investigating immune biomarkers, including cytokine profiles and genetic polymorphisms, are necessary to further delineate the relationship between allergies and HNC. Understanding the relationship between allergies and HNC may help to devise effective strategies to reduce and treat HNC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/etiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Adulto , Razão de Chances
3.
Environ Health Perspect ; 132(6): 66001, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38935403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in land use and climate change have been reported to reduce biodiversity of both the environment and human microbiota. These reductions in biodiversity may lead to inadequate and unbalanced stimulation of immunoregulatory circuits and, ultimately, to clinical diseases, such as asthma and allergies. OBJECTIVE: We summarized available empirical evidence on the role of inner (gut, skin, and airways) and outer (air, soil, natural waters, plants, and animals) layers of biodiversity in the development of asthma, wheezing, and allergic sensitization. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search in SciVerse Scopus, PubMed MEDLINE, and Web of Science up to 5 March 2024 to identify relevant human studies assessing the relationships between inner and outer layers of biodiversity and the risk of asthma, wheezing, or allergic sensitization. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42022381725). RESULTS: A total of 2,419 studies were screened and, after exclusions and a full-text review of 447 studies, 82 studies were included in the comprehensive, final review. Twenty-nine studies reported a protective effect of outer layer biodiversity in the development of asthma, wheezing, or allergic sensitization. There were also 16 studies suggesting an effect of outer layer biodiversity on increasing asthma, wheezing, or allergic sensitization. However, there was no clear evidence on the role of inner layer biodiversity in the development of asthma, wheezing, and allergic sensitization (13 studies reported a protective effect and 15 reported evidence of an increased risk). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the reviewed literature, a future systematic review could focus more specifically on outer layer biodiversity and asthma. It is unlikely that association with inner layer biodiversity would have enough evidence for systematic review. Based on this comprehensive review, there is a need for population-based longitudinal studies to identify critical periods of exposure in the life course into adulthood and to better understand mechanisms linking environmental exposures and changes in microbiome composition, diversity, and/or function to development of asthma and allergic sensitization. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP13948.


Assuntos
Asma , Biodiversidade , Hipersensibilidade , Animais , Humanos , Asma/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Microbiota
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 721, 2024 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38914975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper aimed to explore the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) signs/symptoms, and to investigate the possible link between signs/symptoms of TMDs and mouth breathing (MB) by evaluating along with other risk factors, in a Turkish subpopulation of children and adolescence. METHODS: This study was conducted with the archival data of the patients who applied with orthodontic complaints. Data on demographic characteristics, family-related factors, systemic status, occlusion, breathing patterns, oral habits, and bruxism were retrieved from the archival records. RESULTS: Nine hundred forty-five children and adolescents with a mean age of 14.82 ± 2.06 years were included in the study. Of the participants, 66% were girls, 60.4% were delivered by C-section, 8.4% of the participants had at least one systemic disease, 9.2% of the participants had allergy, and 4.3% of the participants' parents were divorced, 18.7% have an oral habit, 6.6% have bruxism, 29.8% have malocclusion and 14.1% have MB. Eight-point-five percent of participants have signs/symptoms of TMD. Among them 2.9% have pain, 3.7% have joint sounds, 1.4% have deflection, and 3.9% have deviation. Evaluation of the risk factors revealed a significant relation between the signs/symptoms of TMD and bruxism (OR 8.07 95% CI 4.36-14.92), gender (OR 2.01 95% CI 1.13-3.59), marital status of parents (OR 2.62 95% CI 1.07-6.42), and MB (OR 3.26 95% CI 1.86-5.71). CONCLUSIONS: According to the study's findings, girls and those with bruxism, divorced parents, and MB behavior are more likely to have signs/symptoms of TMD. Age found to have significant effect on the occurrence of the signs/symptoms of TMD alone, but together with other factors the effect of the age is disappeared. Early screening and intervention of MB as well as the signs/symptoms of TMD can help to limit detrimental effects of these conditions on growth, and quality of life of children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Respiração Bucal , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Masculino , Turquia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Criança , Respiração Bucal/epidemiologia , Respiração Bucal/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência , Bruxismo/epidemiologia , Bruxismo/complicações , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/complicações , Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/complicações
5.
Helicobacter ; 29(3): e13107, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38943311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "hygiene hypothesis" states that reduced exposure to microbial antigens due to an excessively hygienic environment can increase the risk of developing autoimmune diseases, including atopic disorders and asthma. In recent decades, there has been a progressive decline in the prevalence of numerous microorganisms following improved hygienic-sanitary conditions. More specifically, several studies reported an inverse association between the reduction in Helicobacter pylori infection and the rise of asthma and allergic disorders. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of atopic disorders in a pediatric population in relation to seropositivity against H. pylori. METHODS: Children from Northern Sardinia, Italy, referred to the local Children's Hospital for any reason, were investigated to identify risk factors, especially H. pylori infection, associated with atopic disorders. A validated questionnaire, including demographics, house size, history of breastfeeding, residence, school or daycare center attendance, exposure to animals, and a defined diagnosis of atopy-including asthma-was filled out by a trained pediatrician according to parents' answers and child records. A blood sample was collected from each participant and immunoglobulin G against H. pylori was assessed by a locally validated ELISA test. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of H. pylori infection was 11.7% among 492 children (240 females). Thirty-two children had a confirmed diagnosis of asthma and 12 of allergy. No one child showed both conditions. Statistically significant differences in H. pylori seropositivity were not detected between children with or without atopy (8.4% vs. 12.6; p = 0.233). Although atopic disorders were more frequent in children exposed to traditional atopic risk factors, none of them showed to be significant after adjusting for all covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Serologically assessed H. pylori infection was not significantly associated with a reduced risk of atopic diseases in children.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Prevalência , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Lactente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/imunologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(24): e38397, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875431

RESUMO

High Immunoglobulin E(IgE) levels associated with hypersensitivity or parasitic infection were well established, but the clinical significance of ultra-low IgE was largely unknown. Previous studies indicated these patients have an elevated risk of cancer, but large-scale epidemiological studies on the prevalence and clinical manifestations of these ultra-low IgE patients are still lacking. A total of 62,997 patients who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University and had IgE level tests from January 2010 to March 2020 were included. Patients with serum IgE levels < 2 IU/mL were defined to have ultra-low IgE. And the clinical characteristics of these patients were retrospectively analyzed based on electronic medical record system and follow-up. A total of 223 patients (223/62,997, 0.35%) had ultra-low IgE were documented in 62,997 patients who had IgE tests. Among the clinical manifestations of these 223 ultra-low IgE patients, infection ranked first (125/223, 56.05%), following allergic diseases (51/223, 22.87%), hematological disorders (37/223, 16.59%), tumor (27/223, 12.11%) and autoimmune diseases (23/223, 10.31%). To the best of our knowledge, we first reported that the prevalence and clinical characteristics of 223 ultra-low IgE patients in China. The most common comorbidities were infection, allergic diseases, hematological disorders, tumor and autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina E , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adolescente , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem , Criança , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/epidemiologia
7.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304106, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870112

RESUMO

Air pollution causes and exacerbates allergic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. Precise prediction of the number of patients afflicted with these diseases and analysis of the environmental conditions that contribute to disease outbreaks play crucial roles in the effective management of hospital services. Therefore, this study aims to predict the daily number of patients with these allergic diseases and determine the impact of particulate matter (PM10) on each disease. To analyze the spatiotemporal correlations between allergic diseases (asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis) and PM10 concentrations, we propose a multi-variable spatiotemporal graph convolutional network (MST-GCN)-based disease prediction model. Data on the number of patients were collected from the National Health Insurance Service from January 2013 to December 2017, and the PM10 data were collected from Airkorea during the same period. As a result, the proposed disease prediction model showed higher performance (R2 0.87) than the other deep-learning baseline methods. The synergic effect of spatial and temporal analyses improved the prediction performance of the number of patients. The prediction accuracies for allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis achieved R2 scores of 0.96, 0.92, and 0.86, respectively. In the ablation study of environmental factors, PM10 improved the prediction accuracy by 10.13%, based on the R2 score.


Assuntos
Asma , Dermatite Atópica , Material Particulado , Rinite Alérgica , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Asma/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia
8.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 35(6): e14176, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that allergic diseases may increase after Kawasaki disease (KD). We aimed to analyze the temporal patterns of allergic disease incidence after KD. METHODS: A nationwide population-based matched cohort study was conducted using data from the Korean National Health Insurance claims database. Patients aged <5 years diagnosed with KD and their 1:3 propensity score-matched controls were included. Three cohorts were established: Cohort A, patients with allergies; Cohort B, patients without allergies; and Cohort C, patients without allergies, but excluding patients with birth history and underlying medical conditions. Cumulative incidence rates (%) and associated hospital visits for allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and asthma were compared between the cases and controls during the 6-year follow-up period. RESULTS: The study population comprised 8678 patients diagnosed with KD and 26,034 controls. In Cohort A, although initially, there were intergroup differences in the number of hospital visits for certain allergic diseases, these differences were inconsistent and varied depending on the type of allergic disease. Over time, the differences narrowed, and by the sixth year, the gap had decreased significantly. In Cohorts B and C, the initial incidence rates of the four allergic diseases and associated hospital visits were lower in patients with KD as compared to controls. However, with a faster rate of increase, the incidence rates and number of hospital visits eventually surpassed those of the controls. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of delayed increase in cumulative incidence rates and hospital visits for allergic diseases after KD suggests the possibility of a shared genetic or immunologic susceptibility between KD and allergic diseases, which becomes evident over time, rather than a direct influence of KD resulting in allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Incidência , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13048, 2024 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844482

RESUMO

Evidence linking maternal diet during pregnancy to allergic or respiratory diseases in children remains sparse, and outcomes were mainly studied separately. We aim to investigate these associations by considering clusters of allergic and respiratory multimorbidity among 9679 mother-child pairs from the Elfe birth cohort. Maternal diet quality was evaluated using a food-based score (Diet Quality score), a nutrient-based score (PANDiet score) and food group intakes. Adjusted multinomial logistic regressions on allergic and respiratory multimorbidity clusters up to 5.5 years were performed. Child allergic and respiratory diseases were described through five clusters: "asymptomatic" (43%, reference), "early wheeze without asthma" (34%), "asthma only" (7%), "allergies without asthma" (7%), "multi-allergic" (9%). A higher PANDiet score and an increased legume consumption were associated with a reduced risk of belonging to the "early wheeze without asthma" cluster. A U-shaped relationship was observed between maternal fish consumption and the "allergies without asthma" cluster. To conclude, adequate nutrient intake during pregnancy was weakly associated with a lower risk of "early wheeze without asthma" in children. No association was found with food groups, considered jointly or separately, except for legumes and fish, suggesting that maternal adherence to nutritional guidelines might be beneficial for allergic and respiratory diseases prevention.


Assuntos
Dieta , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Pré-Escolar , Masculino , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Lactente , Adulto , Multimorbidade , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Coorte de Nascimento , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Sons Respiratórios , Criança , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
11.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 35(5): e14147, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and allergic diseases possess similar genetic backgrounds and pathogenesis. Observational studies have shown a correlation, but the exact direction of cause and effect remains unclear. The aim of this Mendelian randomization (MR) study is to assess bidirectional causality between inflammatory bowel disease and allergic diseases. METHOD: We comprehensively analyzed the causal relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and allergic disease (asthma, Hay fever, and eczema) as a whole, allergic conjunctivitis (AC), atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic asthma (AAS), and allergic rhinitis (AR) by performing a bidirectional Mendelian randomization study using summary-level data from genome-wide association studies. The analysis results mainly came from the random-effects model of inverse variance weighted (IVW-RE). In addition, multivariate Mendelian randomization (MVMR) analysis was conducted to adjust the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the instrumental variables. RESULTS: The IVW-RE method revealed that IBD genetically increased the risk of allergic disease as a whole (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01-1.04, fdr.p = .015), AC (OR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.01-1.06, fdr.p = .011), and AD (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02-1.09, fdr.p = .004). Subgroup analysis further confirmed that CD increased the risk of allergic disease as a whole (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 1.00-1.03, fdr.p = .031), AC (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01-1.05, fdr.p = .012), AD (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02-1.09, fdr.p = 2E-05), AAS (OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02-1.08, fdr.p = .002) and AR (OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.00-1.07, fdr.p = .025), UC increased the risk of AAS (OR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.98-1.07, fdr.p = .038). MVMR results showed that after taking BMI as secondary exposure, the causal effects of IBD on AC, IBD on AD, CD on allergic disease as a whole, CD on AC, CD on AD, CD on AAS, and CD on AR were still statistically significant. No significant association was observed in the reverse MR analysis. CONCLUSION: This Mendelian randomized study demonstrated that IBD is a risk factor for allergic diseases, which is largely attributed to its subtype CD increasing the risk of AC, AD, ASS, and AR. Further investigations are needed to explore the causal relationship between allergic diseases and IBD.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hipersensibilidade , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Asma/genética , Asma/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/genética , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Dermatite Atópica/genética , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10694, 2024 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724620

RESUMO

This study investigated the potential associations between allergic diseases (asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis) and the development of primary open-angle glaucoma. We utilized authorized data from the Korean National Health Information Database (KNHID), which provides comprehensive medical claims data and information from the National Health Screening Program. We compared the baseline characteristics of subjects with and without allergic diseases and calculated the incidence and risk of glaucoma development. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to determine the risk of glaucoma development in subjects with allergic diseases. A total of 171,129 subjects aged 20-39 with or without allergic diseases who underwent a general health examination between 2009 and 2015 were included. Subjects with allergic diseases exhibited a higher incidence of glaucoma compared to the control group. The hazard ratio (HR) of glaucoma onset was 1.49 and 1.39 in subjects with at least one allergic disease before and after adjusting for potential confounding factors, respectively. Among allergic diseases, atopic dermatitis showed the highest risk for glaucoma development (aHR 1.73) after adjusting for confounders. Allergic rhinitis showed an increased risk for incident glaucoma after adjustment (aHR 1.38). Asthma showed the lowest but still increased risk for glaucoma (aHR 1.22). The associations were consistent in all subgroup analyses stratified by sex, smoking, drinking, exercise, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or history of steroid. In conclusion, allergic diseases are associated with increased risk of glaucoma development. Among allergic diseases, atopic dermatitis showed the highest risk for glaucoma development followed by allergic rhinitis and asthma.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Fatores de Risco , Incidência , Estudos de Coortes , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/complicações , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
14.
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol ; 66(2): 149-163, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639856

RESUMO

This systematic review aims to identify the association between prenatal exposure to air pollutants and allergic diseases in children, focusing on specific pollutants, timing of exposure, and associated diseases. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for English articles until May 1, 2023, examining maternal exposure to outdoor air pollutants (PM1, PM2.5, PM10, NO, NO2, SO2, CO, and O3) during pregnancy and child allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), asthma (AT) and allergic rhinitis (AR)/hay fever (HF)). The final 38 eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis. Exposure to PM2.5 and NO2 during pregnancy was associated with the risk of childhood AD, with pooled ORs of 1.34 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.10-1.63) and 1.10 (95%CI, 1.05-1.15) per 10 µg/m3 increase, respectively. Maternal exposure to PM1, PM2.5, and NO2 with a 10 µg/m3 increase posed a risk for AT, with pooled ORs of 1.34 (95%CI, 1.17-1.54), 1.11 (95%CI, 1.05-1.18), and 1.07 (95%CI, 1.02-1.12), respectively. An increased risk of HF was observed for PM2.5 and NO2 with a 10 µg/m3 increase, with ORs of 1.36 (95%CI, 1.17-1.58) and 1.26 (95%CI, 1.08-1.48), respectively. Traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP), particularly PM2.5 and NO2, throughout pregnancy, pose a pervasive risk for childhood allergies. Different pollutants may induce diverse allergic diseases in children across varying perinatal periods. AT is more likely to be induced by outdoor air pollutants as a health outcome. More research is needed to explore links between air pollution and airway-derived food allergies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hipersensibilidade , Exposição Materna , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar
15.
Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol ; 24(4): 280-290, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640142

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To delineate pertinent information regarding the application of molecular allergology within the realm of both genetic and epidemiological facets of allergic diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: The emergence of molecular allergy has facilitated the comprehension of the biochemical characteristics of allergens originating from diverse sources. It has allowed for the exploration of sensitization trajectories and provided novel insights into the influence of genetics and environmental exposure on the initiation and development of allergic diseases. This review delves into the primary discoveries related to the genetics and epidemiology of allergies, facilitated by the application of molecular allergy. It also scrutinizes the impact of environmental exposure across varied geoclimatic, socioeconomic, and lifestyle contexts. Additionally, the review introduces specific models of molecular allergy within the realms of plants and animals. SUMMARY: The utilization of molecular allergy in clinical practice holds crucially acknowledged diagnostic and therapeutic implications. From a research standpoint, there is a growing need for the widespread adoption of molecular diagnostic tools to achieve a more profound understanding of the epidemiology and natural progression of allergic diseases.


Assuntos
Alérgenos , Exposição Ambiental , Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Animais , Alérgenos/imunologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Predisposição Genética para Doença
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Global awareness of ambient air pollution has heightened due to its detrimental impact on health, particularly in regions with elevated PM2.5 levels. Chiang Mai has emerged as an area experiencing the highest PM2.5 levels in Thailand. OBJECTIVES: to examine the prevalence of respiratory allergies and assess the impact of air pollution on the health-related quality of life (QoL) among university students in Chiang Mai. METHODS: Chiang Mai University (CMU) and Maejo University (MJU) students were recruited. The Global Asthma Network (GAN) questionnaire screened for respiratory allergies (RAs). The disease-specific QoL questionnaire (Rcq-36) was administered twice during low-PM2.5 and high-PM2.5 seasons to evaluate air pollution's impact on health-related QoL. Those showing potential RAs underwent a skin prick test (SPT) to investigate allergic sensitization. RESULTS: Out of 406 participants, 131 (32%) reported respiratory allergies. Among those undergoing SPT, a high rate (82.54%) had positive results. Across both universities, students reported significantly lower QoL in multiple domains, particularly respiratory, eye, sleep, and emotional well-being, during the high-PM2.5 season. This aligned with their poorer self-reported health on a visual analog scale (VAS; p-value < 0.01). PM2.5 levels significantly impacted social functioning for CMU students (p-value = 0.001) and role limitations for MJU students (p-value < 0.001). Notably, participants without respiratory allergies (non-RAs) were more significantly affected by PM2.5 than RA participants in almost all parameters, despite experiencing fewer baseline symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Respiratory allergies, particularly allergic rhinitis, are prevalent among university students in Chiang Mai. This study underscores the substantial negative impact of ambient air pollution on QoL for both allergic and non-allergic students.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes , Humanos , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Universidades , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Material Particulado/análise , Adolescente , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134226, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593665

RESUMO

Contaminants may induce immune response polarization, leading to immune diseases, such as allergic diseases. Evidence concerning the effects of chlorinated paraffins (CPs), an emerging persistent organic pollutant, on immune system is scarce, particularly for epidemiological evidence. This study explores the association between CPs exposure and allergic diseases (allergic rhinitis, atopic eczema, and allergic conjunctivitis) in children and adolescents in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China. Herein, 131,304 children and adolescents from primary and secondary schools in the PRD were included and completed the questionnaire survey. The particulate matter (PM) samples were collected in the PRD and the PM2.5-bound CP concentrations were analyzed. In the multivarious adjustment mixed effect model (MEM), an IQR increase in ∑CPs was significantly associated with allergic diseases (rhinitis, eczema, and conjunctivitis) with the estimated odds ratios (ORs) for 1.11 (95% CI: 1.10, 1.13), 1.17 (95% CI: 1.15, 1.19), and 1.82 (95% CI: 1.76, 1.88), respectively. Interaction analysis indicated that overweight and obese individuals might have greater risk. Similar effect estimates were observed in several sensitivity analyses. This study provided epidemiological evidence on the immunotoxicity of CPs. More studies to confirm our findings and investigate mechanisms are needed.


Assuntos
Parafina , Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Parafina/toxicidade , Parafina/análise , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/induzido quimicamente
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