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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(12)2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38928067

RESUMO

Allergic diseases are showing increasing prevalence in Western societies. They are characterized by a heightened reactivity towards otherwise harmless environmental stimuli. Allergic diseases showing a wide range of severity of symptoms have a significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. This study aims to highlight the mechanisms that induce these reactions, how they progress, and which prenatal factors influence their development. Most frequently, the reaction is mediated by immunoglobulin E (IgE) produced by B cells, which binds to the surface of mast cells and basophils and triggers an inflammatory response. The antibody response is triggered by a shift in T-cell immune response. The symptoms often start in early childhood with eczema or atopic dermatitis and progress to allergic asthma in adolescence. An important determinant of allergic diseases seems to be parental, especially maternal history of allergy. Around 30% of children of allergic mothers develop allergic sensitization in childhood. Genes involved in the regulation of the epithelial barrier function and the T-cell response were found to affect the predisposition to developing allergic disorders. Cord blood IgE was found to be a promising predictor of allergic disease development. Fetal B cells produce IgE starting at the 20th gestation week. These fetal B cells could be sensitized together with mast cells by maternal IgE and IgE-allergen complexes crossing the placental barrier via the low-affinity IgE receptor. Various factors were found to facilitate these sensitizations, including pesticides, drugs, exposure to cigarette smoke and maternal uncontrolled asthma. Prenatal exposure to microbial infections and maternal IgG appeared to play a role in the regulation of T-cell response, indicating a protective effect against allergy development. Additional preventive factors were dietary intake of vitamin D and omega 3 fatty acids as well as decreased maternal IgE levels. The effect of exposure to food allergens during pregnancy was inconclusive, with studies having found both sensitizing and protective effects. In conclusion, prenatal factors including genetics, epigenetics and fetal environmental factors have an important role in the development of allergic disorders in later life. Children with a genetic predisposition are at risk when exposed to cigarette smoke as well as increased maternal IgE in the prenatal period. Maternal diet during pregnancy and immunization against certain allergens could help in the prevention of allergy in predisposed children.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Imunoglobulina E , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo
2.
Curr Allergy Asthma Rep ; 24(7): 331-345, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884832

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Modernization and Westernization in industrialized and developing nations is associated with a substantial increase in chronic noncommunicable diseases. This transformation has far-reaching effects on lifestyles, impacting areas such as economics, politics, social life, and culture, all of which, in turn, have diverse influences on public health. Loss of contact with nature, alternations in the microbiota, processed food consumption, exposure to environmental pollutants including chemicals, increased stress and decreased physical activity jointly result in increases in the frequency of inflammatory disorders including allergies and many autoimmune and neuropsychiatric diseases. This review aims to investigate the relationship between Western lifestyle and inflammatory disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Several hypotheses have been put forth trying to explain the observed increases in these diseases, such as 'Hygiene Hypothesis', 'Old Friends', and 'Biodiversity and Dysbiosis'. The recently introduced 'Epithelial Barrier Theory' incorporates these former hypotheses and suggests that toxic substances in cleaning agents, laundry and dishwasher detergents, shampoos, toothpastes, as well as microplastic, packaged food and air pollution damage the epithelium of our skin, lungs and gastrointestinal system. Epithelial barrier disruption leads to decreased biodiversity of the microbiome and the development of opportunistic pathogen colonization, which upon interaction with the immune system, initiates local and systemic inflammation. Gaining a deeper comprehension of the interplay between the environment, microbiome and the immune system provides the data to assist with legally regulating the usage of toxic substances, to enable nontoxic alternatives and to mitigate these environmental challenges essential for fostering a harmonious and healthy global environment.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Desenvolvimento Industrial , Estilo de Vida , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
3.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 144(5): 483-488, 2024.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692921

RESUMO

Allergic diseases (e.g., food allergies) are a growing problem, with increasing numbers of individuals experiencing them worldwide. Congruently, the adverse reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis) associated with the administration of vaccines against emerging infectious diseases such as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have become a familiar problem. Allergic diseases, which have a wide variety of symptoms, are difficult to prevent or cure; treatment is currently limited to therapeutic drugs or allergen immunotherapy. Therefore, elucidating new allergic regulatory factors that control the allergic (i.e., mast cell) responses is important. While investigating the regulatory mechanisms of the wide range of allergic responses of mast cells, we found that the affinity of allergens to immunoglobin E (IgE) regulates allergic inflammation through the differences in the secretory responses of mast cells and the types and interactions of the cells infiltrating the tissues. Here, we present our recent findings regarding the affinity of allergens to IgE in regulating allergic inflammation, heterogeneous secretory granules inducing diverse secretory responses, and mast cells interacting with neutrophils, thereby regulating the various allergic responses.


Assuntos
Comunicação Celular , Hipersensibilidade , Imunoglobulina E , Mastócitos , Neutrófilos , Animais , Humanos , Alérgenos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/terapia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia
5.
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol ; 66(2): 149-163, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639856

RESUMO

This systematic review aims to identify the association between prenatal exposure to air pollutants and allergic diseases in children, focusing on specific pollutants, timing of exposure, and associated diseases. We searched PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for English articles until May 1, 2023, examining maternal exposure to outdoor air pollutants (PM1, PM2.5, PM10, NO, NO2, SO2, CO, and O3) during pregnancy and child allergic diseases (atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), asthma (AT) and allergic rhinitis (AR)/hay fever (HF)). The final 38 eligible studies were included in the meta-analysis. Exposure to PM2.5 and NO2 during pregnancy was associated with the risk of childhood AD, with pooled ORs of 1.34 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.10-1.63) and 1.10 (95%CI, 1.05-1.15) per 10 µg/m3 increase, respectively. Maternal exposure to PM1, PM2.5, and NO2 with a 10 µg/m3 increase posed a risk for AT, with pooled ORs of 1.34 (95%CI, 1.17-1.54), 1.11 (95%CI, 1.05-1.18), and 1.07 (95%CI, 1.02-1.12), respectively. An increased risk of HF was observed for PM2.5 and NO2 with a 10 µg/m3 increase, with ORs of 1.36 (95%CI, 1.17-1.58) and 1.26 (95%CI, 1.08-1.48), respectively. Traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP), particularly PM2.5 and NO2, throughout pregnancy, pose a pervasive risk for childhood allergies. Different pollutants may induce diverse allergic diseases in children across varying perinatal periods. AT is more likely to be induced by outdoor air pollutants as a health outcome. More research is needed to explore links between air pollution and airway-derived food allergies.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Hipersensibilidade , Exposição Materna , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar
8.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 185(6): 519-526, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432205

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acid suppression medications, such as proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor antagonists, are commonly prescribed for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease and other gastrointestinal disorders. However, concerns regarding potential long-term side effects are brought up by the overuse of PPIs. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between PPI usage, allergy, and asthma in the general US population. METHODS: Data of individuals aged ≥20 years who had information on PPI use and questionnaires on allergy and asthma in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006 were analyzed. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the associations between PPI use, prevalent allergy, and asthma. RESULTS: A total of 4,481 participants (representing 198,543,007 US individuals after weighting) were included in the analyses. PPI use was not significantly associated with the presence of allergy or asthma in the general study population after adjustment. However, in females without steroid exposure, PPI use was significantly associated with increased odds of allergy (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.002-2.86), among which esomeprazole use was significantly associated with increased odds of allergy (aOR = 2.68, 95% CI: 1.30-5.54) and lansoprazole with increased odds of asthma (aOR = 3.44, 95% CI: 1.50-7.87) as compared to no PPI use. Duration of PPI use was not significantly associated with allergy or asthma. CONCLUSIONS: In US women without steroid exposure, PPI use is associated with increased likelihood of prevalent allergy and asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Hipersensibilidade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons , Humanos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Prevalência , Razão de Chances , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/tratamento farmacológico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia
11.
Semin Dial ; 37(3): 189-199, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433728

RESUMO

Kidney replacement therapies (KRTs) including hemodialysis (HD) are one of the treatment options for most of the patients with end-stage kidney disease. Although HD is vital for these patients, it is not hundred percent physiological, and various adverse events including hypersensitivity reactions may occur. Fortunately, these reactions are rare in total and less when compared to previous decades, but it is still very important for at least two reasons: First, the number of patients receiving kidney replacement treatment is increasing globally; and the cumulative number of these reactions may be substantial. Second, although most of these reactions are mild, some of them may be very severe and even lead to mortality. Thus, it is very important to have basic knowledge and skills to diagnose and treat these reactions. Hypersensitivity reactions can occur at any component of dialysis machinery (access, extracorporeal circuit, medications, etc.). The most important preventive measure is to avoid the allergen. However, even with very specific test, sometimes the allergen cannot be found. In mild conditions, HD can be contained with non-specific treatment (topical creams, antihistaminics, corticosteroids). In more severe conditions, treatment must be stopped immediately, blood should not be returned to patient, drugs must be stopped, and rules of general emergency treatment must be followed.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Diálise Renal , Humanos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/terapia
12.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 45(337): 12-17, 2024.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553107

RESUMO

Allergic diseases have risen sharply in recent decades. After some epidemiological data, we take a look at the various hypotheses explaining this allergy "epidemic". Changes in our environment, such as pollution, are a source of climate change and an increase in allergic diseases through inflammation of epithelial barriers. Allergy prevention, a public health emergency, relies on environmental actions at both individual and collective levels.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/prevenção & controle
13.
Allergy ; 79(7): 1725-1760, 2024 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38311978

RESUMO

Air pollution is one of the biggest environmental threats for asthma. Its impact is augmented by climate change. To inform the recommendations of the EAACI Guidelines on the environmental science for allergic diseases and asthma, a systematic review (SR) evaluated the impact on asthma-related outcomes of short-term exposure to outdoor air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, O3, and CO), heavy traffic, outdoor pesticides, and extreme temperatures. Additionally, the SR evaluated the impact of the efficacy of interventions reducing outdoor pollutants. The risk of bias was assessed using ROBINS-E tools and the certainty of the evidence by using GRADE. Short-term exposure to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 probably increases the risk of asthma-related hospital admissions (HA) and emergency department (ED) visits (moderate certainty evidence). Exposure to heavy traffic may increase HA and deteriorate asthma control (low certainty evidence). Interventions reducing outdoor pollutants may reduce asthma exacerbations (low to very low certainty evidence). Exposure to fumigants may increase the risk of new-onset asthma in agricultural workers, while exposure to 1,3-dichloropropene may increase the risk of asthma-related ED visits (low certainty evidence). Heatwaves and cold spells may increase the risk of asthma-related ED visits and HA and asthma mortality (low certainty evidence).


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Asma , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Asma/etiologia , Asma/prevenção & controle , Asma/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/prevenção & controle
14.
Allergy ; 79(7): 1938-1951, 2024 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several hypotheses link reduced microbial exposure to increased prevalence of allergies. Here we capitalize on the opportunity to study a cohort of infants (CORAL), raised during COVID-19 associated social distancing measures, to identify the environmental exposures and dietary factors that contribute to early life microbiota development and to examine their associations with allergic outcomes. METHODS: Fecal samples were sequenced from infants at 6 (n = 351) and repeated at 12 (n = 343) months, using 16S sequencing. Published 16S data from pre-pandemic cohorts were included for microbiota comparisons. Online questionnaires collected epidemiological information on home environment, healthcare utilization, infant health, allergic diseases, and diet. Skin prick testing (SPT) was performed at 12 (n = 343) and 24 (n = 320) months of age, accompanied by atopic dermatitis and food allergy assessments. RESULTS: The relative abundance of bifidobacteria was higher, while environmentally transmitted bacteria such as Clostridia was lower in CORAL infants compared to previous cohorts. The abundance of multiple Clostridia taxa correlated with a microbial exposure index. Plant based foods during weaning positively impacted microbiota development. Bifidobacteria levels at 6 months of age, and relative abundance of butyrate producers at 12 months of age, were negatively associated with AD and SPT positivity. The prevalence of allergen sensitization, food allergy, and AD did not increase over pre-pandemic levels. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental exposures and dietary components significantly impact microbiota community assembly. Our results also suggest that vertically transmitted bacteria and appropriate dietary supports may be more important than exposure to environmental microbes alone for protection against allergic diseases in infancy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipersensibilidade , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Lactente , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Masculino , Fezes/microbiologia , Distanciamento Físico , Pandemias , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes
15.
Allergy ; 79(7): 1761-1788, 2024 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38366695

RESUMO

Systematic review using GRADE of the impact of exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), cleaning agents, mould/damp, pesticides on the risk of (i) new-onset asthma (incidence) and (ii) adverse asthma-related outcomes (impact). MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched for indoor pollutant exposure studies reporting on new-onset asthma and critical and important asthma-related outcomes. Ninety four studies were included: 11 for VOCs (7 for incidenceand 4 for impact), 25 for cleaning agents (7 for incidenceand 8 for impact), 48 for damp/mould (26 for incidence and 22 for impact) and 10 for pesticides (8 for incidence and 2 for impact). Exposure to damp/mould increases the risk of new-onset wheeze (moderate certainty evidence). Exposure to cleaning agents may be associated with a higher risk of new-onset asthma and with asthma severity (low level of certainty). Exposure to pesticides and VOCs may increase the risk of new-onset asthma (very low certainty evidence). The impact on asthma-related outcomes of all major indoor pollutants is uncertain. As the level of certainty is low or very low for most of the available evidence on the impact of indoor pollutants on asthma-related outcomes more rigorous research in the field is warranted.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Asma , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Humanos , Asma/etiologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/efeitos adversos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Incidência , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos
17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 568, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases (ADs) have been increasingly reported in infants and children over the last decade. Diet, especially the inclusion of fish intake, may help to lower the risk of ADs. However, fish also, can bioaccumulate environmental contaminants such as mercury. Hence, our study aims to determine what effects the type and frequency of fish intake have on ADs in six-month-old infants, independently and jointly with mercury exposure. METHODS: This study is part of the prospective birth cohort: Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study in South Korea. Data was collected on prenatal fish intake, prenatal mercury concentration and ADs for infants aged six months for 590 eligible mother-infant pairs. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the risk of prenatal fish intake and mercury concentration on ADs in infants. Finally, interaction between fish intake and mercury concentration affecting ADs in infants was evaluated. Hazard ratios of prenatal fish intake on ADs in 6 month old infants were calculated by prenatal mercury exposure. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis showed that white fish (OR: 0.53; 95% CI 0.30-0.94; P < 0.05) intake frequency, once a week significantly decreased the risk of ADs in infants. Stratification analysis showed that consuming white fish once a week significantly reduced the hazard of ADs (HR: 0.44; 95% CI 0.21-0.92; P < 0.05) in infants in the high-mercury (≥ 50th percentile) exposure group. CONCLUSION: The result indicates that prenatal white fish intake at least once a week reduces the risk of ADs in infants, especially in the group with high prenatal mercury exposure.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Mercúrio , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Lactente , Criança , Gravidez , Feminino , Animais , Humanos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Mercúrio/efeitos adversos , Mercúrio/análise , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos
18.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 68(5): e2300420, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332580

RESUMO

SCOPE: Edible insects contain allergens with potential cross-reactivity to other invertebrates. Here, this study examines IgE-reactive proteins in a house cricket snack (Acheta domesticus) leading to an allergic reaction in a 27-year old man followed by a similar reaction days later after eating shrimps. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prick to prick tests verify the IgE-mediated allergy to crickets and skin prick testing confirms a type I sensitization to house dust mite without any clinical relevance for the patient, and to shrimp extracts, but is negative for several other foods. Serological testing reveals a sensitization to shrimps, shrimp tropomyosin, and house dust mite tropomyosin. IgE-immunodetection shows that the cricket allergic patient is sensitized to two proteins of 45 and >97 kDa using aqueous control cricket extract, but to only one protein at around 45 kDa when using the causative, seasoned insect snack extract. Mass spectrometry data and IgE-inhibition experiments clearly identify this protein belonging to the tropomyosin allergen family. CONCLUSION: This case report suggests that cricket tropomyosin may be an elicitor of allergic reactions even in previously not allergic patients, although it cannot be excluded the patient reacted additionally to other ingredients of the snack.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Gryllidae , Hipersensibilidade , Masculino , Animais , Humanos , Adulto , Tropomiosina , Lanches , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Alérgenos , Imunoglobulina E , Reações Cruzadas , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/etiologia
19.
Clin Rev Allergy Immunol ; 66(1): 50-63, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324179

RESUMO

Asthma and allergies are some of the most common chronic disorders affecting children, the prevalence of which has been increasing in countries and regions undergoing rapid development like China. To curb the rising tide of allergies and safeguard the health of future generations, it is of critical importance to understand how asthma inception is influenced by factors acting at different life stages. Birth cohorts represent a powerful tool to investigate the temporal sequence of exposures along the natural course of asthma. We examined recent evidence on birth cohort studies of asthma and allergic diseases and evaluated their strengths and weaknesses. Essential elements for a successful birth cohort are proposed to further elucidate asthma etiology and pathogenies. Initiating new cohorts in understudied populations with the application of advanced analytical approaches will be needed. Moreover, fostering collaborative networks using standardized methodologies should be prioritized to enable integration of findings across diverse cohorts. There remains an urgent and unmet need to further translate the seminal findings from asthma birth cohort studies into targeted primary prevention strategies to eradicate the disease.


Assuntos
Asma , Hipersensibilidade , Criança , Humanos , Asma/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência
20.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 46, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis reactions (HDRs) are similar to complement activation-related pseudo allergy (CARPA), a hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when administering certain (nano)drugs intravenously. The pathomechanism of CARPA was described based on animal experiments. Typical CARPA-like dialysis reactions, which occur at the start of hemodialysis, have been reported using polysulfone dialyzers. However, to our knowledge, this is the first dialysis reaction that occurred towards the end of hemodialysis treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: This report describes a 52-year-old Caucasian male patient who had been receiving chronic hemodialysis for 3 years and exhibited a CARPA reaction during his third hour of treatment. Upon activation of the microbubble alarm, the extracorporeal system recirculated for five minutes. Following reconnection, the patient exhibited a drop in systemic blood pressure, chest pain, and dyspnea after five minutes. Symptoms disappeared spontaneously after reducing the speed of the blood pump, placing the patient in a Trendelenburg position, and administering a bolus infusion from the dialysis machine. The remaining dialysis treatment was uneventful. CONCLUSION: Numerous case reports about reactions occurring with modern high-efficiency polysulfone dialyzers have been published. However, due to changes in the material structure by the manufacturers, we have not encountered such cases lately. The recently reported increase in thromboxane-B2 and pulmonary arterial pressure and complement activation upon re-infusion of extracorporeal blood following dialysis may explain the reaction observed here.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade , Diálise Renal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Polímeros/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Sulfonas
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