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1.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15631-15646, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596185

RESUMO

The use of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) to locally increase the temperature at the nanoscale under the remote application of alternating magnetic fields (magnetic particle hyperthermia, MHT) has become an important subject of nanomedicine multidisciplinary research, focusing among other topics on the optimization of the heating performance of MNPs and their assemblies under the effect of the magnetic field. We report experimental data of heat released by MNPs using a wide range of anisometric shapes and their assemblies in different media. We outline a basic theoretical investigation, which assists the interpretation of the experimental data, including the effect of the size, shape and assembly of MNPs on the MNPs' hysteresis loops and the maximum heat delivered. We report heat release data of anisometric MNPs, including nanodisks, spindles (elongated nanoparticles) and nanocubes, analysing, for a given shape, the size dependence. We study the MNPs either acting as individuals or assembled through a magnetic-field-assisted method. Thus, the physical geometrical arrangement of these anisometric particles, the magnetization switching and the heat release (by means of the determination of the specific adsorption rate, SAR values) under the application of AC fields have been analysed and compared in aqueous suspensions and after immobilization in agar matrix mimicking the tumour environment. The different nano-systems were analysed when dispersed at random or in assembled configurations. We report a systematic fall in the SAR for all anisometric MNPs randomly embedded in a viscous environment. However, certain anisometric shapes will have a less marked, an almost total preservation or even an increase in SAR when embedded in a viscous environment with certain orientation, in contrast to the measurements in water solution. Discrepancies between theoretical and experimental values reflect the complexity of the systems due to the interplay of different factors such as size, shape and nanoparticle assembly due to magnetic interactions. We demonstrate that magnetic assembly holds great potential for producing materials with high functional and structural diversity, as we transform our nanoscale building blocks (anisometric MNPs) into a material displaying enhanced SAR properties.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Hipertermia , Campos Magnéticos , Magnetismo
2.
Nano Lett ; 21(19): 8111-8118, 2021 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597054

RESUMO

Despite being promising, the clinical application of magnetic hyperthermia for brain cancer treatment is limited by the requirement of highly invasive intracranial injections. To overcome this limitation, here we report the development of gallic acid-coated magnetic nanoclovers (GA-MNCs), which allow not only for noninvasive delivery of magnetic hyperthermia but also for targeted delivery of systemic chemotherapy to brain tumors. GA-MNCs are composed of clover-shaped MNCs in the core, which can induce magnetic heat in high efficiency, and polymerized GA on the shell, which enables tumor vessel-targeting. We demonstrate that intravenous administration of GA-MNCs following alternating magnetic field exposure effectively inhibited brain cancer development and preferentially disrupted tumor vasculature, making it possible to efficiently deliver systemic chemotherapy for further improved efficacy. Due to the noninvasive nature and high efficiency in killing tumor cells and enhancing systemic drug delivery, GA-MNCs have the potential to be translated for improved treatment of brain cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hipertermia , Fenômenos Magnéticos
3.
Nanoscale ; 13(31): 13375-13389, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477743

RESUMO

Owing to its aggressive biological behavior, the lack of specific targets, and the strong therapeutic resistance of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), current therapeutic strategies are still limited. The combination of multiple treatments has been confirmed as a promising strategy for TNBC therapy. However, the efficacy of combination therapy can be restricted due to increasing therapeutic resistance to various treatments. Herein, we constructed a nanodiamond (ND)-based nanoplatform for augmented mild-temperature photothermal/chemo combination therapy against TNBC, weakening the therapeutic resistance via autophagy inhibition enabled by the NDs. A layer-by-layer self-assembly approach was utilized to construct the ND-based nanoplatform. First, the NDs were modified with protamine sulphate (PS). Meanwhile, the photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) and the HSP70 small molecule inhibitor apoptozole (APZ) could be synchronously incorporated to form positively charged PS@ND (ICG + APZ). Then negatively charged hyaluronic acid (HA) was assembled onto the outer face of PS@ND (ICG + APZ) to form the NPIAs. Finally, the positively charged small molecule anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) could be adsorbed onto the surface of the NPIAs through electrostatic interactions (NPIADs). The resulting NPIADs could be triggered by NIR laser irradiation to exhibit enhanced mild-temperature photothermal therapy (PTT) effects via suppressing the expression of HSP70, and PTT combined with chemotherapy could further enhance the anti-tumor efficacy. Subsequently, the sensitivity of MDA-MB-231 cells could be significantly improved through the weakening of the thermal/drug resistance via autophagy inhibition, leading to augmented combination therapy that is efficient both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, the NPIADs could be used as a theranostic nanoplatform for fluorescence (FL) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging. Taken together, this study demonstrated a multifunctional ND-based nanoplatform for FL/PA imaging-guided augmented mild-temperature photothermal/chemo combination therapy via an autophagy regulation strategy against TNBC.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanodiamantes , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Autofagia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Humanos , Fototerapia , Temperatura , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 14960-14972, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533549

RESUMO

Due to the relatively low photo-thermal conversion efficiency and poor tumor targeting capacity, phototheranostic nanoagents encounter some challenges in cancer photothermal therapy. To address this problem, in the current research we developed vacancy-rich MoSe2-x (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) nanoflowers (MNFs) with molecular 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) as the activity target, which could be used as a novel phototheranostic nanoagent in the photoacoustic imaging guided chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy. This selenium-deficient structure endows MNFs with high photothermal conversion efficiency (41.7%) due to the strong localized surface plasmon resonances. Besides, the surface linked 2-DG molecules and the flower-like morphology in the nanoagents promoted the targeting effect (active and passive), thus facilitating the efficient concentration of the nanoagents within the tumor site. Both in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor experiments have demonstrated the high synergistic efficacy promoted by MNFs and complete tumor eradication with lower administration dosages could be achieved. This rational design of nanoparticles not only provided the paradigm of high therapeutic efficacy of a chemo-photothermal protocol for precise cancer theranostics, but also expanded the scope of nanomedical applications using semiconductor-based nanoplatforms through well-defined designing of their microstructures and physiochemical properties.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica , Nanomedicina Teranóstica
5.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 14785-14794, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533172

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is considered as an efficient therapeutic strategy for wound disinfection. However, there is a dilemma that on the one hand, the high PTT temperature for killing bacteria (>58 °C) could cause serious injury to normal tissue, however, low-temperature results in unsatisfactory treatment efficiency. To settle the issue, we have proposed a novel approach to gently kill bacteria in an apoptosis-like mode via PTT, in which the bacteria can maintain intact membranes but cannot proliferate. This is different from the typical necrosis-like mode of bacterial cell death requiring higher temperatures. We found that PTT prefers to trigger the gradual efflux of Ca2+/Mg2+ ions from the bacterial intracellular content rather than directly destroy the outer membranes, but can cause the dynamic variation of the membrane surface micromorphology. Hence, the microbial viability of E. coli can be dynamically changed from the live state to an apoptosis-like state (45-55 °C), then to apoptosis/necrosis (ca. 58 °C), and finally to necrosis (>61 °C). Based on this strategy, we can kill bacteria through an apoptosis-like mode. Better healing efficacy of mice wounds was achieved at a PTT temperature of 50 °C as compared to that at 58 °C, which sheds light on the wound disinfection and healing applications in clinics with a mild PTT strategy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanoestruturas , Animais , Apoptose , Desinfecção , Escherichia coli , Hipertermia , Camundongos , Fototerapia
6.
Biomater Sci ; 9(19): 6501-6509, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582538

RESUMO

Recently, hypothermal photothermal therapy (HPTT) seemed essential for the future clinical transformation of cancer optical therapies. However, at a lower working temperature, heat shock proteins (HSPs) seriously affect the anti-tumor effect of HPTT. This work reports a reasonable design of a dual-responsive nanoplatform for the synergistic treatment of chemotherapy and HPTT. We adopted a one-step method to wrap indocyanine green (ICG) into imidazole skeleton-8 (ZIF-8) and further loaded it with the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX). Furthermore, we introduced Hsp-70 siRNA to block the affection of HSPs at an upstream node, thereby avoiding the side effects of traditional heat shock protein inhibitors. The prepared ZIF-8@ICG@DOX@siRNA nanoparticles (ZID-Si NPs) could significantly improve the stability of siRNA to effectively down-regulate the expression of HSP70 protein during the photothermal therapy, thus realizing the pH-controlled and NIR-triggered release of the chemotherapeutical drug DOX. Moreover, tumors were also imaged accurately by ICG wrapped in ZID-Si nanoparticles. After the evaluation of the in vitro and in vivo photothermal effect as well as the anti-tumor activity, we found that the added Hsp-70 siRNA enhanced the synergistic anti-cancer activity of HPTT and chemotherapy. In summary, this work holds great potential in cancer treatment, and suggests better efficacy of synergistic chemo/HPTT than the single-agent therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Doxorrubicina , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Verde de Indocianina , Terapia Fototérmica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
7.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15576-15589, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524338

RESUMO

Multifunctional nanoagents integrating multiple therapeutic and imaging functions hold promise in the field of non-invasive and precise tumor therapies. However, the complex preparation process and uncertain drug metabolism of nanoagents loaded with various therapeutic agents or imaging agents greatly hinder its clinical applications. Developing simple and effective nanoagents that integrate multiple therapeutic and imaging functions remain a huge challenge. Therefore, a novel strategy based on in situ hydrogen release is proposed in this work: aminoborane (AB) was loaded onto mesoporous polydopamine nanoparticles (MPDA NPs) as a prodrug for hydrogen production, and then, PEG was modified on the surface of nanoparticles (represented as AB@MPDA-PEG). MPDA NPs not only act as photothermal agents (PTA) with high photothermal conversion efficiency (808 nm, η = 38.72%) but also as the carriers of AB accumulated in the tumor through enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. H2 gas generated by AB in the weak acid conditions of the tumor microenvironment (TME) not only was used to treat tumors via a combination of hydrogen and photothermal therapies but also serves as a US and CT contrast agent, providing accurate guidance for tumor treatment. Finally, in vivo and in vitro investigation suggest that the designed multifunctional nanosystem not only showed excellent properties such as high hydrogen-loading capacity, long-lasting sustained hydrogen release ability and excellent biocompatibility but also achieve selective PTT/hydrogen therapies and US/CT bimodal imaging functions, which can effectively guide antitumor therapies. The proposed hydrogen gas-based strategy for combination therapies and bimodal imaging integration holds promise as an efficient and safe tumor treatment for future clinical translation.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Hidrogênio , Neoplasias/terapia , Fototerapia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112311, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474862

RESUMO

Herein, we design a rGO-based magnetic nanocomposite by decorating rGO with citrate-coated magnetic nanoparticles (CMNP). The magnetic rGO (mrGO) was modified by phospholipid-polyethylene glycol to prepare PEGylated mrGO, for conjugating with gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR)-binding peptide (mrGOG). The anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was bound to mrGO (mrGOG) by π-π stacking for drug delivery triggered by the low pH value in the endosome. The mrGOG showed enhanced photothermal effect under NIR irradiation, endorsing its role for dual targeted DOX delivery. With efficient DOX release in the endosomal environment and heat generation from light absorption in the NIR range, mrGOG/DOX could be used for combination chemo-photothermal therapy after intracellular uptake by cancer cells. We characterized the physico-chemical as well as biological properties of the synthesized nanocomposites. The mrGOG is stable in biological buffer solution, showing high biocompatibility and minimum hemolytic properties. Using U87 glioblastoma cells, we confirmed the magnetic drug targeting effect in vitro for selective cancer cell killing. The peptide ligand-mediated targeted delivery increases the efficiency of intracellular uptake of both nanocomposite and DOX up to ~3 times due to the over-expressed GRPR on U87 surface, leading to higher cytotoxicity. The increased cytotoxicity using mrGOG over mrGO was shown from a decreased IC50 value (0.70 to 0.48 µg/mL) and an increased cell apoptosis rate (19.8% to 47.1%). The IC50 and apoptosis rate changed further to 0.19 µg/mL and 76.8% in combination with NIR laser irradiation, with the photothermal effect supported from upregulation of heat shock protein HSP70 expression. Using U87 tumor xenograft model created in nude mice, we demonstrated that magnetic guidance after intravenous delivery of mrGOG/DOX could significantly reduce tumor size and prolong animal survival over free DOX and non-magnetic guided groups. Augmented with NIR laser treatment for 5 min, the anti-cancer efficacy significantly improves with elevated cell apoptosis and reduced cell proliferation. Together with safety profiles from hematological as well as major organ histological analysis of treated animals, the mrGOG nanocomposite is an effective nanomaterial for combination chemo-photothermal cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanocompostos , Neoplasias , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Grafite , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fototerapia , Receptores da Bombesina
9.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361743

RESUMO

While investigating the possible synergistic effect of the conventional anticancer therapies, which, taken individually, are often ineffective against critical tumors, such as central nervous system (CNS) ones, the design of a theranostic nanovector able to carry and deliver chemotherapy drugs and magnetic hyperthermic agents to the target radiosensitizers (oxygen) was pursued. Alongside the original formulation of polymeric biodegradable oxygen-loaded nanostructures, their properties were fine-tuned to optimize their ability to conjugate therapeutic doses of drugs (doxorubicin) or antitumoral natural substances (curcumin). Oxygen-loaded nanostructures (diameter = 251 ± 13 nm, ζ potential = -29 ± 5 mV) were finally decorated with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs, diameter = 18 ± 3 nm, ζ potential = 14 ± 4 mV), producing stable, effective and non-agglomerating magnetic nanovectors (diameter = 279 ± 17 nm, ζ potential = -18 ± 7 mV), which could potentially target the tumoral tissues under magnetic driving and are monitorable either by US or MRI imaging.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Meios de Contraste/síntese química , Meios de Contraste/farmacologia , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/farmacologia , Sulfato de Dextrana/química , Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Cinética , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/ultraestrutura , Oxigênio/química , Oxigênio/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/síntese química
10.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1174-1187, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374624

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This article will report results from the in-vivo application of a previously published model-predictive control algorithm for MR-HIFU hyperthermia. The purpose of the investigation was to test the controller's in-vivo performance and behavior in the presence of heterogeneous perfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hyperthermia at 42°C was induced and maintained for up to 30 min in a circular section of a thermometry slice in the biceps femoris of German landrace pigs (n=5) using a commercial MR-HIFU system and a recently developed MPC algorithm. The heating power allocation was correlated with heat sink maps and contrast-enhanced MRI images. The temporal change in perfusion was estimated based on the power required to maintain hyperthermia. RESULTS: The controller performed well throughout the treatments with an absolute average tracking error of 0.27 ± 0.15 °C and an average difference of 1.25 ± 0.22 °C between T10 and T90. The MPC algorithm allocates additional heating power to sub-volumes with elevated heat sink effects, which are colocalized with blood vessels visible on contrast-enhanced MRI. The perfusion appeared to have increased by at least a factor of ∼1.86 on average. CONCLUSIONS: The MPC controller generates temperature distributions with a narrow spectrum of voxel temperatures inside the target ROI despite the presence of spatiotemporally heterogeneous perfusion due to the rapid thermometry feedback available with MR-HIFU and the flexible allocation of heating power. The visualization of spatiotemporally heterogeneous perfusion presents new research opportunities for the investigation of stimulated perfusion in hypoxic tumor regions.


Assuntos
Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade , Hipertermia Induzida , Algoritmos , Animais , Hipertermia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Perfusão , Suínos
11.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1188-1204, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376103

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the design of an endoluminal deployable ultrasound applicator for delivering volumetric hyperthermia to deep tissue sites as a possible adjunct to radiation and chemotherapy. METHOD: This study considers an ultrasound applicator consisting of two tubular transducers situated at the end of a catheter assembly, encased within a distensible conical shaped balloon-based reflector that redirects acoustic energy distally into the tissue. The applicator assembly can be inserted endoluminally or laparoscopically in a compact form and expanded after delivery to the target site. Comprehensive acoustic and biothermal simulations and parametric studies were employed in generalized 3D and patient-specific pancreatic head and body tumor models to characterize the acoustic performance and evaluate heating capabilities of the applicator by investigating the device at a range of operating frequencies, tissue acoustic and thermal properties, transducer configurations, power modulation, applicator positioning, and by analyzing the resultant 40, 41, and 43 °C isothermal volumes and penetration depth of the heating volume. Intensity distributions and volumetric temperature contours were calculated to define moderate hyperthermia boundaries. RESULTS: Parametric studies demonstrated the frequency selection to control volume and depth of therapeutic heating from 62 to 22 cm3 and 4 to 2.6 cm as frequency ranges from 1 MHz to 4.7 MHz, respectively. Width of the heating profile tracks closely with the aperture. Water cooling within the reflector balloon was effective in controlling temperature to 37 °C maximum within the luminal wall. Patient-specific studies indicated that applicators with extended OD in the range of 3.6-6.2 cm with 0.5-1 cm long and 1 cm OD transducers can heat volumes of 1.1-7 cm3, 3-26 cm3, and 3.3-37.4 cm3 of pancreatic body and head tumors above 43, 41, and 40 °C, respectively. CONCLUSION: In silico studies demonstrated the feasibility of combining endoluminal ultrasound with an integrated expandable balloon reflector for delivering volumetric hyperthermia in regions adjacent to body lumens and cavities.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Terapia por Ultrassom , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Hipertermia , Transdutores , Ultrassonografia
12.
Int J Pharm ; 607: 120947, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358541

RESUMO

With ideal optical properties, semiconducting polymer quantum dots (SPs) have become a research focus in recent years; a considerable number of studies have been devoted to the application of SPs in non-invasive and biosafety phototherapy with near-infrared (NIR) lasers. Nevertheless, the relatively poor stability of SPs in vitro and in vivo remains problematic. PCPDTBT was chosen to synthesize photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) dual-model SPs, considering its low band gap and desirable absorption in the NIR window. For the first time, cetrimonium bromide was used as a stabilizer to guarantee the in vitro stability of SPs, and as a template to prepare SP hybrid mesoporous silica nanoparticles (SMs) to achieve long-term stability in vivo. The mesoporous structure of SMs was used as a reservoir for the hypoxia-activated prodrug Tirapazamine (TPZ). SMs were decorated with polyethylene glycol-folic acid (SMPFs) to specifically target activated macrophages in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Upon an 808 nm NIR irradiation, the SMPFs generate intracellular hyperthermia and excessive singlet oxygen. Local hypoxia caused by molecular oxygen consumption simultaneously activates the cytotoxicity of TPZ, which effectively kills activated macrophages and inhibits the progression of arthritis. This triple PTT-PDT-chemo synergistic treatment suggests that SMPFs realize the in vivo application of SPs and may be a potential nano-vehicle for RA therapy with negligible side-toxicity.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica , Polímeros , Dióxido de Silício
13.
Int J Pharm ; 607: 120975, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363913

RESUMO

Surgery combined with postoperative treatment is a widely accepted therapeutic strategy against breast cancer. Macrophage-based carriers have been proved to be an effective postoperative drug delivery system due to their inflammatory tendency. However, the slow and incomplete release of the cargo and the postoperative inflammation remain to be solved. Here, we described a macrophage-mediated photothermal therapy combined with anti-inflammatory strategy to inhibit breast cancer postoperative relapse. The anti-inflammatory resveratrol and photothermal agent indocyanine green (ICG) were loaded in octaarginine (R8)-modified liposomes, then ingested by macrophages to form the macrophage-based drug delivery system (Res/ICG-R8-Lip@MP). Res/ICG-R8-Lip@MP showed effective tumor-targeting ability via inflammatory tropism of macrophages and excellent near-infrared (NIR) photothermal performance. In vitro experiments showed that the carrier could not only trigger drug release though inflammation, but also utilize the photothermal conversion property to destroy the macrophage-based carrier at the local tumor to maximize drug release. In vivo experiments indicated that Res/ICG-R8-Lip@MP ablated residual tumor tissues and reduced the postoperative inflammation, and at the same time achieved significant effect of inhibiting tumor postoperative relapse. This synergistic photothermal and anti-inflammatory strategy has great potential in postoperative treatment of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Anti-Inflamatórios , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Macrófagos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450987

RESUMO

Recently, in-vitro studies of magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) hyperthermia have attracted significant attention because of the severity of this cancer therapy for in-vivo culture. Accurate temperature evaluation is one of the key challenges of MNP hyperthermia. Hence, numerical studies play a crucial role in evaluating the thermal behavior of ferrofluids. As a result, the optimum therapeutic conditions can be achieved. The presented research work aims to develop a comprehensive numerical model that directly correlates the MNP hyperthermia parameters to the thermal response of the in-vitro model using optimization through linear response theory (LRT). For that purpose, the ferrofluid solution is evaluated based on various parameters, and the temperature distribution of the system is estimated in space and time. Consequently, the optimum conditions for the ferrofluid preparation are estimated based on experimental and mathematical findings. The reliability of the presented model is evaluated via the correlation analysis between magnetic and calorimetric methods for the specific loss power (SLP) and intrinsic loss power (ILP) calculations. Besides, the presented numerical model is verified with our experimental setup. In summary, the proposed model offers a novel approach to investigate the thermal diffusion of a non-adiabatic ferrofluid sample intended for MNP hyperthermia in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Neoplasias , Humanos , Hipertermia , Magnetismo , Neoplasias/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 703-708, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459170

RESUMO

The temperature dependence of relative permittivity and conductivity of ex-vivo pig liver, lung and heart at 2 450 MHz was studied. The relative permittivity and conductivity of three kinds of biological tissues were measured by the open-end coaxial line method. The dielectric model was fitted according to the principle of least square method. The results showed that the relative permittivity and conductivity of pig liver, pig lung and pig heart decreased with the increase of tissue temperature from 20 to 80 ℃. The relative permittivity and conductivity models of pig liver, pig lung and pig heart were established to reflect the law of dielectric properties of biological tissue changing with temperature and provide a reference for the parameters setting of thermal ablation temperature field.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Fígado , Animais , Condutividade Elétrica , Pulmão , Suínos , Temperatura
16.
Biomater Sci ; 9(17): 5762-5780, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351340

RESUMO

Phase change materials (PCMs) are widely used in solar energy utilization, industrial waste heat recovery and building temperature regulation. However, there have been few studies on the application of PCMs in the field of biomedicine. In recent years, some scholars have carried out research in the biomedicine field using the characteristics of PCMs. It was observed that the excellent properties of PCMs enhance the quality of a variety of biomedical applications with many advantages over existing applications, which provide new methods for the treatment of disease. PCMs have broad application prospects in the field of biomedicine. Therefore, a timely review of relevant research progress is of great significance for the continuous development of new methods. Innovatively, from the unique perspective of the biomedical field, this paper systematically reviews the application and related research progress of PCMs from four aspects: cold chains for vaccines and medicines, drug delivery systems, thermotherapy/cold compress therapy and medical dressings. In addition, we summarize and discuss the general principles of the design and construction of PCMs in the biomedical field. Finally, existing problems, solutions and future research directions are also put forward in order to provide a basis for guidance and promote the future applications of phase change materials in the biomedicine field.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Hipertermia Induzida , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
18.
Biomater Sci ; 9(18): 6282-6294, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378577

RESUMO

Photothermal therapy (PTT) is able to ablate tumors via hyperthermia, while immunotherapy could prevent tumor recurrence and metastasis by activating the host immune responses. Therefore, the combination of PTT and immunotherapy offers great advantages for the treatment of cancer. To achieve this goal, poly tannic acid (pTA) coated PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-pTA NPs) were synthesized for combined photothermal-immunotherapy. pTA was a coordination complex formed by TA and Fe3+ and it could be easily coated on PLGA NPs within seconds with a coating rate of 5.89%. As a photothermal agent, PLGA-pTA revealed high photothermal conversion efficiency and excellent photo-stability upon 808 nm laser irradiation. It also exhibited strong photothermal cytotoxicity against 4T1 cells. Moreover, PLGA-pTA based PTT could effectively trigger DC maturation since it could induce the release of DAMPs. The result of animal experiments showed that PLGA-pTA plus laser irradiation raised the tumor temperature up to ca. 60 °C and effectively suppressed the growth of primary tumors. What's more, the progression of distant tumors as well as lung metastasis was also significantly inhibited due to the activation of anti-tumor responses by PLGA-pTA mediated PTT. When further combined with anti-PD-L1 antibody (a-PD-L1), the tumor growth and metastasis were almost completely inhibited. Our study provided a versatile platform to achieve combined photothermal-immunotherapy with enhanced therapeutic efficacy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunoterapia , Fototerapia , Taninos
19.
Nano Lett ; 21(17): 7213-7220, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410726

RESUMO

The contactless heating capacity of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) has been exploited in fields such as hyperthermia cancer therapy, catalysis, and enzymatic thermal regulation. Herein, we propose an advanced technology to generate multiple local temperatures in a single-pot reactor by exploiting the unique nanoheating features of iron oxide MNPs exposed to alternating magnetic fields (AMFs). The heating power of the MNPs depends on their magnetic features but also on the intensity and frequency conditions of the AMF. Using a mixture of diluted colloids of MNPs we were able to generate a multi-hot-spot reactor in which each population of MNPs can be selectively activated by adjusting the AMF conditions. The maximum temperature reached at the surface of each MNP was registered using independent fluorescent thermometers that mimic the molecular link between enzymes and MNPs. This technology paves the path for the implementation of a selective regulation of multienzymatic reactions.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Nanopartículas , Campos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas Magnéticas de Óxido de Ferro , Magnetismo
20.
Biomaterials ; 276: 121056, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364178

RESUMO

Exosomes, endogenous nanosized particles (50-150 nm) secreted and absorbed by cells, have been recently used as diagnostic and therapeutic platforms in cancer treatment. The integration of exosome-based delivery with multiple therapeutic modalities could result in better clinical outcomes and reduced-sided effects. Here, we combined the targeting and biocompatibility of designer exosomes with chemo/gene/photothermal therapy. Our platform consists of exosomes loaded with internalized doxorubicin (DOX, a model cancer drug) and coated with magnetic nanoparticles conjugated with molecular beacons capable of targeting miR-21 for responsive molecular imaging. The coated magnetic nanoparticle enables enrichment of the exosomes at the tumor site by external magnetic field guidance. After the exosomes are gathered at the tumor site, the application of near-infrared radiation (NIR) induces localized hyperthermia and triggers the release of cargoes loaded inside the exosome. The released molecular beacon can target the miR-21 for both imaging and gene silencing. Meanwhile, the released doxorubicin serves to kill the cancer cells. About 91.04 % of cancer cells are killed after treatment with Exo-DOX-Fe3O4@PDA-MB under NIR. The ability of the exosome-based method for cancer therapy has been demonstrated by animal models, in which the tumor size is reduced dramatically by 97.57 % with a magnetic field-guided tumor-targeted chemo/gene/photothermal approach. Thus, we expected this designer exosome-mediated multi-mode therapy to be a promising platform for the next-generation precision cancer nanomedicines.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina , Neoplasias/terapia , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica , Polímeros
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