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1.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 127: 11-13, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407056

RESUMO

In the 1960s Professor Setsuro Ebashi, a physiologist from the University of Tokyo, discovered calcium ion plays a pivotal role in muscle contraction for the first time. However, he was confounded by icy neglect of the society of physiologists. The International Conference on Physiology was held in Boston in 1962, and Dr. Ebashi and his coworker Dr. Anne Mary Weber gave a talk about calcium signal which is a key mechanism for regulating muscle contraction. Every single attendant stood against their theory and even laughed at them.


Assuntos
Contração Muscular , Vasoconstrição , Cálcio , História do Século XX , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pesquisa/história
2.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 311-321, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570662

RESUMO

Edvard Munch was a Norwegian expressionist painter. His painting The Scream is one of the most wellknown visual art in the world. His works present psychologically significant topics such as anxiety, love, illness, and death. He was capable of displaying social and personal uncertainties and tensions in his artworks. In order to get to know the psychological functioning of his creativity, we used a special case study method of personality research - psychobiography - which aims to analyze the lives of culturally significant individuals through psychological theories and research. The focus of the publication was on The Frieze of Life series, which according to the creator, most express his artistic concept and his message. To interpret his creativity, we used the theory of Winnicott, Klein, and existential psychology. We especially emphasize the role of potential space, reparation and the benefits of the consciousness of death. According to our results, Munch kept the anxiety and tension caused by early object-relation disturbances under control with artistic sublimation and it was also the driving force for his artistic activity. However, the sublimation activity could not solve the internal tensions in the long run, which eventually led to a collapse.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Criatividade , Morte , Amor , Pinturas/história , Pinturas/psicologia , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Teoria Psicológica
9.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 935-938, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638502

RESUMO

The development of surgical attire is well documented in historical photographs and evolved in response to the changing understanding of aseptic and antiseptic techniques. Surgeons throughout time remained significantly opposed to changes in attire, and it was over a century that we evolved from wearing black frock coats to the current attire of today. Interestingly, surgical attire remains a source of controversy even today, with a recent argument regarding skull versus bouffant caps that was quite publicly debated.


Assuntos
Vestimenta Cirúrgica/história , Assepsia/história , Europa (Continente) , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Estados Unidos
12.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180299, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618318

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of variables gender, year of the thesis defense, type and location of the teaching institution, the thesis subject and the program in which the thesis was developed. METHODS: Data were collected through consultation of the Lattes Platform of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (1976-2017). Filters were activated to follow the inclusion criteria: is Brazilians with a degree in Speech-Language Therapy, and also with a PhD degree. The established variables were recorded in the STATA/IC 14.2 software, and a descriptive analysis of the data and trend of them were performed. RESULTS: Most of the 1,125 subjects who composed the sample were female, graduated in a public higher education institution, located in the Southeast region, and defended their thesis in a Program related to ​​Health Sciences, or in Speech-language therapy. CONCLUSION: The profile found is similar to the profile of previous studies, and it shows the significant growth of speech-language therapists with PhD degrees in research activities and qualified scientific production.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação/história , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/educação , Brasil , Educação de Pós-Graduação/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/história , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1250-1259, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022613

RESUMO

Objective: The study's purpose has been to analyze the visibility of the Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto [University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing], attached to the Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto [Ribeirão Preto Medical School], at the moment of its legal creation, in four local newspapers. Method: This is a historical perspective research, in which the Micro History and the notions of Pierre Bourdieu's journalistic field were taken as guidelines. Results: It was found 14 newspaper articles on the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing and/or nursing/nurse. Conclusion: There was visibility of the institution in the newspapers, at the moment of its legal creation, although it was not the center topic of any news. The institution's importance is presented in an ambivalent way; the one that adds scientific capital or that one which is under the medicine's guidance. This may be related to the fact that its first director and creator was still not present in the city at the time of the study


Objetivo: Analisar a visibilidade Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, anexa à Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, no momento de sua criação legal, em quatro jornais da cidade. Método: trata-se de pesquisa de perspectiva histórica, tendo como eixo norteador a Micro História e as noções de campo jornalístico de Pierre Bourdieu. Resultados: localizaram-se 14 matérias jornalísticas sobre a Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto e/ou enfermagem/enfermeiro(a). Conclusão: Houve visibilidade da instituição no texto jornalístico, no momento de sua criação legal, embora não tenha constituído o centro de nenhuma das notícias. A importância da instituição se apresenta de forma ambivalente; aquela que agrega capital científico ou aquela que está sob a tutela da medicina. Isso pode estar relacionado ao fato de que sua primeira diretora e criadora ainda não estava presente na cidade no momento do estudo


Objetivo: Analizar la visibilidad Escuela de Enfermería de Ribeirão Preto de la Universidad de São Paulo, anexa a la Facultad de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, en el momento de su creación legal, en cuatro periódicos de la ciudad. Método: se trata de una investigación de perspectiva histórica, teniendo como orientador la Micro Historia y las nociones de campo periodístico de Pierre Bourdieu. Resultados: se localizaron 14 materias periodísticas sobre la Escuela de Enfermería de Ribeirão Preto y / o enfermería / enfermero (a). Conclusión: Hubo visibilidad de la institución en el texto periodístico, en el momento de su creación legal, aunque no fue el centro de ninguna de las noticias. La importancia de la institución se presenta de forma ambivalente; la que agrega capital científico o aquella que está bajo la protección de la medicina. Esto puede estar relacionado con el hecho de que su primera directora y creadora aún no estaba presente en la cuidad en el momento del estudio


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Publicidade como Assunto , Imprensa , História da Enfermagem
17.
18.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 25(5): 60-61, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550681

RESUMO

No Abstract Available.


Assuntos
Dor/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Pesquisa
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