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1.
APMIS ; 127(10): 660-670, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344275

RESUMO

Multiple approaches were employed to detect pathogens from bone margins associated with Diabetic Foot Osteomyelitis (DFO). Intra-operative bone specimens of 14 consecutive subjects with suspected DFO were collected over a six-month study period from Liverpool Hospital. Infected bone and a proximal bone margins presumed to be 'clean/non-infected' were collected. Bone material was subjected to conventional culture, DNA sequencing and microscopy. In total, eight of 14 (57%) proximal bone margins had no growth by conventional culture but were identified in all proximal bone specimens by DNA sequencing. Proximal margins had lower median total microbial counts than infected specimens, but these differences were not statistically significant. Pathogens identified by sequencing in infected specimens were identified in proximal margins and the microbiomes were similar (ANOSIM = 0.02, p = 0.59). Using a combination of SEM and/or PNA-FISH, we visualized the presence of microorganisms in infected bone specimens and their corresponding proximal margins of seven patients (50%) with DFO. We identify that bacteria can still reside in what seems to be proximal 'clean' margins. The significance and implications of clinical outcomes requires further analysis from a larger sample size that incorporates differences in surgical and post-operative approaches, correlating any outcomes back to culture-sequence findings.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Bacteriológicas/métodos , Osso e Ossos/microbiologia , Pé Diabético/microbiologia , Histocitoquímica/métodos , Metagenômica/métodos , Osteomielite/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Pé Diabético/patologia , Pé Diabético/cirurgia , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Osteomielite/patologia , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Arch Virol ; 164(10): 2469-2477, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297587

RESUMO

Rabies is a lethal viral disease that can affect a wide range of mammals. Currently, Rabies virus (RABV) in some European and American countries is maintained primarily in wild species. The regulation of viral replication is one of the critical mechanisms involved in RABV pathogenesis. However, the relationship between replication and the pathogenesis of RABV isolated from wild animals remains poorly understood. In the present study, we evaluated the pathogenicity of the street viruses Nyctinomops laticaudatus bat-associated RABV (NYBRV) and Cerdocyon thous canid-associated RABV (CECRV). Infection of mice with NYBRV led to 33% mortality with rapid disease evolution and marked histopathological changes in the CNS. In contrast, infection with CECRV led to 67% mortality and caused mild neuropathological lesions. The proportion of RABV antigen was significantly higher in the cytoplasm of neuronal cells of the cerebral cortex and in the meninges of mice infected with CECRV and NYBRV, respectively. Moreover, the replication rate of NYBRV was significantly higher (p < 0.001) than that of CECRV in neuroblastoma cells. However, CECRV replicated to a significantly higher titer in epithelial cells. Our results indicate that NYBRV infection results in rapid disease progression accompanied by frequent and intense histopathological alterations in the CNS in mice, and in a high replication rate in neuroblastoma cells. Although, CECRV is more pathogenic in mice, it caused milder histopathological changes in the CNS and replicated more efficiently in epithelial cells. Our data point to a correlation between clinical aspects of disease and the replication of RABV in different cell lines.


Assuntos
Canidae/virologia , Quirópteros/virologia , Vírus da Raiva/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Raiva/patogenicidade , Raiva/patologia , Raiva/virologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Histocitoquímica , Camundongos , Neurônios/virologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Virulência , Replicação Viral
3.
Arch Virol ; 164(10): 2559-2563, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321587

RESUMO

Polymorphisms in the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) gene were genotyped in individuals who were chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). In the 236 patients, the frequencies of risk alleles of the -164T/C (rs1800804), -400A/T (rs1800803) and H297Q (rs2306985) polymorphisms were 0.30, 0.41 and 0.50, respectively. A significant association between the risk alleles of the -164T/C and -400A/T polymorphisms combined with HCV genotype 3 infection and the occurrence of steatosis was detected (p = 0.004 and p = 0.032), suggesting that a combination of host and viral factors can potentially be used to predict hepatic steatosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hepacivirus/classificação , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C Crônica/virologia , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Adulto Jovem
4.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(9): 1584-1592, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225934

RESUMO

The current study aimed to describe the anatomical features of the tongues of two micro-mammals common in the Egyptian fauna; the Nile grass rat (Arvicathis niloticus), and the Egyptian long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus). The tongues of five adult individuals of each species were excised and processed histologically, histochemically, and morphometrically. Statistical analysis comparing the relative tongue length in both species showed that there was a significant difference, which may correlate with the difference in feeding preferences. Grossly, the Nile grass rat has a dorsal lingual prominence with bifurcated apex while, the long-eared hedgehog has a median slight elevation with rounded apex. Numerous forms of mechanical and gustatory papillae are scattered along the lingual dorsal epithelium. The histochemical detection of keratin by Holland's trichrome stain showed an intense expression in the case of A. niloticus and mild expression in H. auritus. The framework of the tongue (entoglossum) is supported by either a core of cartilage in H. auritus or bone in A. niloticus which incorporated in the lingual root. The lingual glands also showed marked variation, the Nile grass rat exhibit dense populations of mucous-secreting glands and lesser populations of serous-secreting glands, the contrary is true in H. auritus. In conclusion, the micro and macro-anatomical features of the tongues of both species showed adaptive changes to accommodate the feeding lifestyle. Such type of studies using mammals from different phylogenetic traits and almost have different feeding preferences provide answers to many research questions related to tongue evolution among mammalian vertebrates.


Assuntos
Ouriços-Cacheiros/anatomia & histologia , Murinae/anatomia & histologia , Língua/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Biometria , Egito , Histocitoquímica , Microscopia
5.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(6): e0007441, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163021

RESUMO

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a neglected disease present in Latin America with difficulty in treatment and occurrence of serious sequelae. Thus, the development of alternative therapies is imperative. In the current work, two oxadiazole compounds (LMM5 and LMM11) presented fungicidal activity against Paracoccidioides spp. The minimum inhibitory and fungicidal concentration values ranged from 1 to 32 µg/mL, and a synergic effect was observed for both compounds when combined with Amphotericin B. LMM5 and LMM11 were able to reduce CFU counts (≥2 log10) on the 5th and 7th days of time-kill curve, respectively. The fungicide effect was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy (FUN-1/FUN-2). The hippocratic screening and biochemical analysis were performed in Balb/c male mice that received a high dose of each compound, and the compounds showed no in vivo toxicity. The treatment of experimental PCM with the new oxadiazoles led to significant reduction in CFU (≥1 log10). Histopathological analysis of the groups treated exhibited control of inflammation, as well as preserved lung areas. These findings suggest that LMM5 and LMM11 are promising hits structures, opening the door for implementing new PCM therapies.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Oxidiazóis/farmacologia , Paracoccidioides/efeitos dos fármacos , Anfotericina B/farmacologia , Animais , Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Histocitoquímica , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxidiazóis/administração & dosagem , Paracoccidioidomicose/tratamento farmacológico , Paracoccidioidomicose/microbiologia , Paracoccidioidomicose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(6): e0007408, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237878

RESUMO

The definitive method for diagnosis of porcine cysticercosis is the detection of cysticerci at necropsy. Cysts are typically located in the striated muscle and brain. Until recently Taenia solium cysticerci have not been definitively identified in other tissue locations, despite several comprehensive investigations having been undertaken which included investigation of body organs other than muscle and brain. Recently a study conducted in Zambia reported 27% infection with T. solium in the liver of pigs with naturally acquired porcine cysticercosis, as well as some T. solium infection in the lungs and spleen of some animals. We investigated the cause of lesions in sites other than the muscle or brain in a total of 157 pigs from T. solium endemic regions of Uganda and Nepal which were subjected to extensive investigations at necropsy. Lesions which had the potential to be caused by T. solium were characterised by macroscopic and microscopic examination, histology as well as DNA characterisation by PCR-RFLP and sequencing. Lesions were confirmed as being caused by Taenia hydatigena (both viable and non-viable), by T. asiatica and Echinococcus granulosus (in Nepal) and nematode infections. No T. solium-related lesions or cysticerci were identified in any tissue other than muscle and brain. It is recommended that future evaluations of porcine cysticercosis in aberrant tissue locations include DNA analyses that take appropriate care to avoid the possibility of contamination of tissue specimens with DNA from a different tissue location or a different animal. The use of appropriate control samples to confirm the absence of cross-sample contamination is also recommended.


Assuntos
Estruturas Animais/patologia , Estruturas Animais/parasitologia , Cisticercose/veterinária , Doenças dos Suínos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Suínos/patologia , Taenia solium/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Autopsia , Cisticercose/diagnóstico , Cisticercose/parasitologia , Cisticercose/patologia , Histocitoquímica , Nepal , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/parasitologia , Uganda
8.
Acta Histochem ; 121(5): 646-656, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153588

RESUMO

Obesity, type two diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance are associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammation. Unfermented green rooibos is an aspalathin rich variant of traditional fermented rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) and has a high polyphenol content. The present study aimed to determine the histologically observable effects of a commercially produced, aspalathin-rich green rooibos extract, Afriplex GRT™ (GRE) in a diet-induced obese rat model. Male Wistar rats (N = 28) were randomly assigned to four study groups (n = 7): control (C), green rooibos (GRT), high-fat diet (HFD) and experimental (HFD-GRT) group. Body mass was determined prior to euthanasia and liver mass was determined after death. The left lateral lobe of the liver was processed to wax and stained using haematoxylin and eosin (H & E), Masson's trichrome stain, Gordons and Sweet's reticulin impregnation and periodic acid-Schiff stain. Frozen liver tissue sections were used for Oil red O staining. Morphometric quantification of steatosis, semiquantitative pathology grading and scoring were performed and verified by a veterinary histopathologist. A significant increase in body and liver mass was observed in the HFD groups while co-treatment with green rooibos significantly reduced both. The volume and area of steatosis were significantly increased in the HFD groups while the area of steatosis significantly reduced with green rooibos co-treatment. The percentage, location and type of steatosis as well as presence of inflammation and hepatocellular injury were reduced in the HFD group co-treated with GRE. These findings suggest that a GRE has potential as an anti-steatotic, anti-inflammatory and weight reducing agent in vivo.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Aspalathus , Fígado/citologia , Fígado/patologia , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Histocitoquímica , Masculino , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
9.
Eur J Histochem ; 63(2)2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232013

RESUMO

Mucins are of great interest in intestinal research and histochemical methods are often employed to identify them. Since it is in the nature of mucins that they are "hard to hold onto" once they come into contact with water, a frequently used medium in histochemistry, there are a number of challenges that may decrease diagnostic accuracy. As the outcome of methods published for microscopic detection of mucosubstances proved to be unsatisfactory in our hands, the aim was the establishment of a reliable and reproducible protocol. Tissue samples were available from pig feeding experiments. In the present study, we focus on a fixation / staining procedure without making comparisons between differently fed pigs. Several fixation and staining procedures were evaluated for their use in semiautomatic quantification and quality assessment of different mucus fractions simultaneous on one tissue section. Cryostat sectioning, subsequent fixation steps with heat, ethanol and modified Bouin's solution, followed by triple staining with high iron diamine, alcian blue and periodic acid-Schiff turned out to be the best method to identify sulfomucin, sialomucin and neutral mucin simultaneous on one tissue section. This methodology resulted in very good morphology of goblet cells with intact mucin containing vesicles within the cells, which was comparable to ultrastructural electron microscopical observations. Semiautomatic quantification of different mucins was possible. In conclusion, reliable mucus quantification and assessment of mucus quality requires strictly tested procedures. According to our experience, the most important aim after cryosectioning is fast fixation of the mucosubstances, which requires a combination of different fixation steps.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal/química , Histocitoquímica/métodos , Mucinas/análise , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Animais , Vesículas Citoplasmáticas/química , Trato Gastrointestinal/citologia , Células Caliciformes/química , Células Caliciformes/citologia , Mucinas/química , Mucinas/classificação , Suínos
10.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 8(1): 707-716, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119985

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most serious human pathogens. α-Hemolysin (Hla) secreted by S. aureus is a key toxin for various infections. We herein report that Honokiol, a natural plant polyphenol, inhibits the secretion and hemolytic activity of staphylococcal Hla with concomitant growth inhibition of S. aureus and protection of S. aureus-mediated cell injury within subinhibitory concentrations. In parallel, Honokiol attenuates the staphylococcal Hla-induced inflammatory response by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in vitro and in vivo. Consequently, the biologically active forms of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18 are reduced significantly in response to Honokiol in mice infected with S. aureus. Experimentally, we confirm that Honokiol binds to monomeric Hla with a modest affinity without impairing its oligomerization. Based on molecular docking analyses in silico, we make a theoretical discovery that Honokiol is located outside of the triangular region of monomeric Hla. The binding model restricts the function of the residues related to membrane channel formation, which leads to the functional disruption of the assembled membrane channel. This research creates a new paradigm for developing therapeutic agents against staphylococcal Hla-mediated infections.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Receptores de Superfície Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/toxicidade , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas Hemolisinas/toxicidade , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Lignanas/metabolismo , Lignanas/farmacologia , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Clin Exp Med ; 19(3): 309-320, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111345

RESUMO

According to guidelines, antiviral therapy for adults with immune-active chronic hepatitis B (CHB) should be adopted to decrease the risk of liver-related complications. Fibrosis assessment during antiviral treatment is a key step in antiviral therapy evaluation. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for assessing the degree of liver necroinflammation and fibrosis. However, because of its cost and the risk of life-threatening complications, performing a liver biopsy more than once after long-term effective treatment is difficult. In this study, we aimed to evaluate changes in liver fibrosis during 5 years of entecavir (ETV) treatment using noninvasive fibrosis markers in hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-negative treatment-naive CHB patients who require antiviral therapy. A total of 303 HBeAg-negative treatment-naive patients were enrolled in this study. Liver biopsy was performed before initiation of antiviral therapy. The diagnosis of CHB was made according to Chinese guidelines for the management of CHB. Patients requiring antiviral therapy (liver fibrosis stage ≥ F2, METAVIR scoring system) were treated with ETV for at least 5 years. These patients were followed up at 6-month intervals. A clinical and virological evaluation was performed at baseline and again at 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months during ETV treatment. Aspartate Aminotransferase to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI) and Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index were used to assess dynamic changes in liver fibrosis in HBeAg-negative CHB patients after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years of ETV treatment. All enrolled patients underwent liver biopsy at baseline. Using the METAVIR fibrosis stages, there were 107, 125, 54, and 17 patients in F1, F2, F3, and F4 stages, respectively. The APRI and FIB-4 indexes enabled the correct identification of patients with severe fibrosis (METAVIR F3-F4), with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.72-0.83) and 0.76 (95% CI 0.70-0.82), respectively. The APRI values decreased significantly in F2 and F3 patients after 1 year of ETV therapy (P < 0.01). However, for F4 patients, APRI values decreased significantly at year 3 (P < 0.05). The FIB-4 values of F2, F3, and F4 patients who received ETV treatment were significantly decreased after 1, 3, and 5 years of ETV therapy, respectively (P < 0.05). APRI and FIB-4 values decreased significantly during 5-year ETV treatment in HBeAg-negative CHB patients, indicating that these noninvasive fibrosis tests might be useful for monitoring improvement in liver fibrosis and assessing treatment efficacy during long-term ETV treatment.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biópsia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Acta Histochem ; 121(5): 563-574, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072619

RESUMO

The accidental spilling of petroleum oils into natural water resources expose fishes in the effluent area to serious problems.. Oreochromis niloticus were used in the current study as a model to investigate the toxicity of used engine oil and to evaluate the protective role of vitamin C against this toxicity. The oil concentration used in this study was previously determined to be 0.25 ml/l by 96 h-LC50. After 21 days of engine oil exposure, haematological and biochemical analyses revealed significant reduction in RBCs counts, haemoglobin concentrations and total proteins. However, ALT, AST and glucose levels were significantly increased by the end of the experiment indicating the damaging effects of the oil on fish tissues. Oxidative stress biomarkers were also measured; liver CAT activity was significantly decreased in the oil exposed group compared to control group, while MDA levels were significantly elevated. Histopathological examination showed the presence of several alterations in hepatic and branchial tissues in exposed group compared to the control group. Significant elevations in CYP1 A1 mRNA expression levels in hepatic tissue were also detected in the group exposed to used engine oil compared to the control group. However, supplementation of fishexposed to used engine oil with vitamin Csignificantly enhance the biochemical, oxidative and histological parameters.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Ciclídeos , Brânquias/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Petróleo/toxicidade , Animais , Análise Química do Sangue , Ciclídeos/sangue , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1/metabolismo , Brânquias/patologia , Brânquias/ultraestrutura , Nível de Saúde , Histocitoquímica , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Acta Histochem ; 121(5): 619-627, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126613

RESUMO

Mast cells are widely distributed bone marrow cells. They have a crucial role in the dermal aging process. The aim of the present study was to describe the biochemical and the histological changes that occur in the aged dermal mast cells and to demonstrate the associated changes in the dermal cells and fibers as well. Sixteen male albino rats were used and divided into two groups; the control group (8-10 weeks) and the aged group (20-22 weeks). The rats were decapitated then processed for further biochemical and histological studies. The mean area fraction for collagen fibers was measured. In the aged group, there was a significant increase in the skin histamine and heparin levels if compared with the control one. Furthermore, there was an apparent increase in intact and degranulated dermal mast cells if compared with the control one. The dermal collagen bundles were apparently decreased and appeared distorted with wide spacing. Additionally, there were apparently large sized eosinophils with more cytoplasmic granules. Direct contact between mast, fibroblast, and macrophage cells was noticed. The average area fraction of collagen fibers was significantly increased in the aged group if compared with the control one. It could be concluded that the secretory activity of dermal mast cells was significantly increased in the aged skin group. Also, this study demonstrated the implicated role of mast cell in aged skin changes. Further long-term studies are needed to validate the prophylactic or therapeutic potential by intentional hindering of mast cell degranulation in aged skin.


Assuntos
Colágeno/ultraestrutura , Derme/citologia , Mastócitos/citologia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Animais , Histocitoquímica , Masculino , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Mastócitos/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pele/metabolismo
14.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(4): e201900406, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038584

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the inflammatory reaction and measure the content of mucins, in the colonic mucosa without fecal stream submit to intervention with mesalazine. METHODS: Twenty-four rats were submitted to a left colostomy and a distal mucous fistula and divided into two groups according to euthanasia to be performed two or four weeks. Each group was divided into two subgroups according daily application of enemas containing saline or mesalazine at 1.0 g/kg/day. Colitis was diagnosed by histological analysis and the inflammatory reaction by validated score. Acidic mucins and neutral mucins were determined with the alcian-blue and periodic acid of Schiff techniques, respectively. Sulfomucin and sialomucin were identified by high iron diamine-alcian blue technique. The tissue contents of mucins were quantified by computer-assisted image analysis. Mann-Whitney test was used to analyze the results establishing the level of significance of 5%. RESULTS: Enemas with mesalazine in colonic segments without fecal stream decreased the inflammation score and increased the tissue content of all subtypes of mucins. The increase of tissue content of neutral, acid and sulfomucin was related to the time of intervention. CONCLUSION: Mesalazine enemas reduce the inflammatory process and preserve the content of mucins in colonic mucosa devoid of fecal stream.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Enema/métodos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mesalamina/farmacologia , Mucinas/análise , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Colite/patologia , Colite/prevenção & controle , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/patologia , Colostomia , Fezes , Trânsito Gastrointestinal , Histocitoquímica , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Mucinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 355, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare, aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that often affects men over the age of 60. Systemic metastasis of MCL to eyes is rare and intraocular involvement is even rarer, which usually affects the choroid and iris. To the best of our knowledge, ciliary body metastasis of systemic MCL has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old Han Chinese male with past-history of systemic MCL complained of redness, pain and blurred vision in the left eye. Ocular examination revealed a normal appearance in the right eye, and conjunctival injection, pseudohypopyon and anterior protrusion of peripheral iris in the left eye, all of which were unresponsive to corticosteroid treatments. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and B-scan were then performed which detected ciliary body masses in both eyes with no vitreous and retino-choroidal anomalies. Combined liquid-based cytology tests and gene rearrangement assays of the aqueous humor specimen confirmed this to be a B-cell malignancy. Then both eyes were treated with external beam irradiation (40 Gy, delivered evenly in twenty fractions) over a course of one month. Additionally, the left eye received intravitreal methotrexate (MTX) (weekly for the first month, every two weeks for the second month, and monthly thereafter) over a course of twelve months. This therapy eventually led to complete remission of all symptoms in one month and disappearance of the ciliary body masses in twelve months. CONCLUSION: Here we first reported a case of bilateral ciliary body MCL infiltration which was diagnosed by combined liguid-based cytology and gene rearrangement of aqueous humor cells. UBM may serve as a valuable tool in the diagnosis and serial assessments of anterior segment tumors.


Assuntos
Corpo Ciliar/patologia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Neoplasias Uveais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uveais/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Histocitoquímica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
16.
In Vivo ; 33(3): 717-722, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: For alveolar ridge reconstruction prior to dental implant placement, a barrier membrane is placed to create space over the bone defect. Although periosteum possesses osteogenic capacity, direct contact between defects and periosteum has been avoided. The present study aimed to investigate whether pedicle periosteum could be used as a barrier membrane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve rabbits were used. A U-shaped incision was made in the frontal bone, and the skin-periosteum over the frontal bone was stripped. Two trephine-drilled holes with a diameter of 5 mm were prepared in the frontal bone. One hole was covered with pedicle periosteum (periosteum side), and the periosteum was secured to the contralateral side. The other defect was covered with an occlusive membrane (membrane side). RESULTS: The histological observation showed that both defects, which were covered either by the periosteum or by the membrane, were closed almost completely after 12 weeks of healing. No statistically significant difference was observed in the bone defect closure rates between the two sides at 4 and 12 weeks. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the pedicle periosteum possesses regenerative effects equivalent to those of occlusive membrane. The periosteum contributes to new bone formation by acting as a mechanical barrier and a source of osteogenic components.


Assuntos
Regeneração Óssea , Osso Frontal , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada , Periósteo , Animais , Histocitoquímica , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Coelhos , Cicatrização
17.
In Vivo ; 33(3): 723-729, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Haemostatic dressings for the uniformed and rescue services are an integral part of life-saving equipment for controlling post-traumatic haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of active constituent substances and materials of haemostatic dressings on muscle tissue and muscle regeneration after traumatic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hemostatic dressing prototypes were analysed: OBR/G/S sponge: dressing material sponge made of Na-Ca chitosan/algal composite microfibers and nanofibers; OBR/MBT/S: tactic gauze modified with a polymer mixture of Na-Ca chitosan/algal composite microfibers and nanofibers, impregnated with a moderate amount of procoagulants (22.9 g/m2); and OBR/MS/S: seton gauze modified with a polymer mixture of Na-Ca chitosan/algal composite microfibers and nanofibers, impregnated with a moderate amount of procoagulants (18.0 g/m2), with chitosan (ChitoClearhqg 95) and sodium alginate (Protanal LF10/60 FT) as the coagulants. The experiment was conducted on 20 pigs which were euthanised 24 h, 7 or 14 days after wound dressing. Samples of porcine muscle tissue were subjected to qualitative histopathological analysis. RESULTS: Histopathological analysis of muscle tissues from the experimental pigs revealed that the application of modified seton (OBR/MS/S) produced the most satisfactory results. The observed changes were similar on all dates that samples were collected and in all experimental groups, and minor differences in their extent were observed between groups. Regenerative processes were most advanced, and retrograde changes were least apparent in animals treated with OBR/MS/S. CONCLUSION: Modified seton (OBR/MS/S) induced the least tissue reaction and was most effective in promoting tissue regeneration after injury.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hemostáticos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Histocitoquímica , Músculos/lesões , Músculos/patologia , Regeneração , Suínos , Cicatrização
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