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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(10): 686-692, oct 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025966

RESUMO

This paper explains the elementary law of homeopathy, the Law of Similars, on the bases of thermodynamic aspects by means of the chemical thermodynamic. Le Chatelier principle was used, to explain the re-establishment of starting biochemical equilibrium compartmentalized in individual human cells of an ill person consuming the remedy, to clarify the Law of Similars. In addition, the application of the Law of mass action during the re-establishment of the initial equilibrium in an ill person when digesting the remedy exposed the law of Similars as the strongest outcome of homeopathy


Assuntos
Humanos , Fenômenos Bioquímicos , Ação Farmacodinâmica do Medicamento Homeopático , Fundamentos da Homeopatia/história , Lei dos Semelhantes , Homeopatia/história
2.
Homeopatia Méx ; 88(716): 36-43, jan. - marc. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: biblio-995983

RESUMO

En este ensayo-reportaje se hace un recorrido a través de algunos de los momentos más significativos en la historia de la Homeopatía en México, desde sus orígenes hasta las primeras décadas del siglo XXI. Además de recordar la fundación de las instituciones más significativas para el gremio médico homeopático y su relación con el trabajo de algunos médicos connotados, se mencionan algunas investigaciones científicas de relevancia, las aportaciones reales y potenciales de la medicina hahnemanniana a la salud pública y la influencia que la Homeopatía mexicana ha tenido, principalmente en países hispanohablantes. (AU)


This essay-report presents a review of the most significant moments of homeopathy in Mexico, from its origins to the first decades of the 21st century. He recalls the founding of the most significant institutions for the homeopathic profession and its relationship with the work of some connoted doctors; also mentioned are relevant scientific researchs, the contributions of the hahnemannian medicine to public health and the influence of the Mexican homeopathy, mainly in Ibero-America. (AU)


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Saúde Pública , Homeopatia/história , México
3.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 34: 165-173, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Scientometrics is the evaluation of scientific literature in a certain field. Although popularity and use of homeopathy have increased in the recent years, scientific literature lacks a bibliometric or scientometric evaluation of homeopathy literature. METHODS: We collected all data of this study from four databases provided by Web of Science. All documents published between 1975 and 2017 were included. The keywords we searched for in detail were "homeopathy", "homeopathic", "homoeopathy" and "homoeopathic". We used Spearman's correlation test to investigate a possible correlation between publication numbers or the productivity and features of the countries. We created infographics and infomaps by using GunnMap and VOSviewer sources. Gross domestic product (GDP) ranking data of countries was procured from The World Data Bank. RESULTS: Our search retrieved a total of 4183 articles. The great majority of documents were original articles (n = 3043, 72.75%). The UK dominated homeopathy literature with 950 articles followed by the USA, Germany, India and Brazil (n = 636, 590, 277 and 246 items, respectively). Switzerland was found to be most productive country (20.41) followed by the UK, Norway and Israel (14.35, 11.31 and 8.41, respectively). University of Exeter (UK) was the leading institutions with 204 items (4.88%). Most productive journal was Homeopathy dominating and covering 24% of all literature. We detected very high correlation between publication number and citation number by year (r = 0.95, p < 0.001). A high correlation was measured between gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and productivity of the countries. A moderate correlation was measured between GDP and publication number of the countries (r = 0.66 and p < 0.001). In scientometric network analysis, the USA, the UK and Germany were noted to be three major association centers. CONCLUSIONS: We detected that developed countries dominated homeopathy literature and we suggest that physicians from least-developed and developing countries should be funded and encouraged to carry out homeopathy studies.


Assuntos
Homeopatia , Saúde Global , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Homeopatia/história , Homeopatia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
4.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 26(4): 1317-1335, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | HISA - História da Saúde | ID: his-44251

RESUMO

O artigo analisa como a homeopatia foi veiculada ao público leigo no Brasil da década de 1970, período importante no processo de legitimação desse conhecimento como especialidade médica, o que ocorre em 1980. As fontes analisadas – compostas de artigos que circulavam no Jornal do Brasil e de livros destinados ao público leigo – permitem distinguir diferentes interlocutores que possuíam expectativas diversas diante da homeopatia, revelando um universo heterogêneo de compreensões e utilizações dessa medicina. Ao mesmo tempo, as fontes estabelecem um universo de representações envolvidas na construção da homeopatia como medicina alternativa, em que é perceptível sua relação com os movimentos de contracultura e Nova Era na formação de um “público consumidor de homeopatia”.


Assuntos
Homeopatia/história , História da Medicina , Terapias Complementares , História do Século XX
5.
Homeopatia Méx ; 87(715): 17-27, out. - dez. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: biblio-995977

RESUMO

En el siglo XIX mexicano, la prensa fungió como un medio para dirimir cuestiones políticas, económicas, sociales, literarias, religiosas y científicas, motivo por el cual no debe sorprender que, tras la publicación de El Propagador Homeopático (el órgano de difusión del Instituto Homeopático Mexicano), se produjera una polémica sobre la Homeopatía en la que El Observador Médico, rotativo editado por la Asociación Médica Pedro Escobedo, fungió como su principal antagonista. La discusión tuvo su origen en la petición realizada al Congreso, por parte de los médicos adscritos al Instituto Homeopático Mexicano, de que se les permitiera establecer una escuela para la enseñanza de ese sistema curativo y se reconociera el ejercicio de su profesión. La propuesta no sería bien recibida por los articulistas de El Observador Médico y uno de ellos, en un principio, buscó criticar los principios en los que se sustentaba la doctrina de Hahnemann, pero después la polémica adquirió tintes acusatorios, lo cual impidió el establecimiento de un diálogo que fructificara en el fortalecimiento de la ciencia médica mexicana. (AU)


In the Mexican XIX century, the press served as a means to resolve political, economic, social, literary, religious and scientific issues, which is why it should not be surprising that after the publication of El Propagador Homeopático, which served as the organ of dissemination of the Mexican Homeopathic Institute, there was a controversy over homeopathy in which El Observador Médico, a rotating journal edited by the Pedro Escobedo Medical Association, served as its main antagonist. The discussion had its origin in the request made to Congress, by doctors attached to the Homeopathic Institute, to be allowed to establish a school for the teaching of this healing system and to recognize the exercise of their profession. The proposal would not be well received by the writers of El Observador Médico and one of them, at first, sought to criticize the principles on which Hahnemann's doctrine was based, but afterwards the controversy acquired accusatory overtones, which caused that establish a dialogue that would bear fruit in the strengthening of Mexican medical science. (AU)


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Imprensa , Homeopatia/história , México
7.
Rev. homeopatia (Säo Paulo) ; 81(3/4): 1-15, 2018. Tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: biblio-969609

RESUMO

Como toda área da medicina, a homeopatia é tanto arte quanto ciência. Enquanto a pesquisa clínica visa responder "se" e "quando" os medicamentos homeopáticos são capazes de restabelecer a saúde, as ciências básicas ­ biologia, imunologia, patologia, química, física e farmacologia ­ geram diversas hipóteses plausíveis para dar conta do "como" agem os medicamentos diluídos e dinamizados (MDD) em modelos experimentais rigorosos. A ação farmacodinâmica dos MDD depende do fornecimento de pequenas quantidades de informação a alvos orgânicos específicos, de maneira a restabelecer um comportamento mais próximo do estado ótimo de saúde. Alguns mecanismos de ação dos MDD podem ser identificados em estudos de laboratório. O princípio de semelhança terapêutica pode ser observado em modelos horméticos, de acordo com a lei de Arndt-Schutz, nos quais a inversão de efeitos é obtida modificando a dose. Igualmente, em modelos de tipo Wilder, são comparados organismos estressados e normais. No entanto, a hormese utiliza medicamentos em pequenas doses, enquanto na homeopatia são utilizados medicamentos em diluições além da faixa material, que além disso precisam ser agitados. O presente artigo dedica atenção especial ao modelo de degranulação dos basófilos, que em 2018 completa 30 anos de desenvolvimento. Igualmente são abordados os trabalhos do nosso grupo, na Universidade de Verona, Itália. (AU)


As any other medical field, homeopathy is both art and science. Clinical research seeks to answer the questions on "whether" and "when" homeopathic medicines are able to restore health. In turn, the fundamental sciences­biology, immunology, pathology, chemistry, physics and pharmacology­generate plausible hypothesis to explain "how" serially diluted and agitated medicines (SDAM) act in rigorous experimental models. The pharmacodynamic action of SDAM depends on the supply of subtle information input to specific body targets in order to restore a pattern of behavior closer to optimal health. Some mechanisms of action of SDAM might be identified in laboratory studies. The therapeutic similarity principle might be observed in hormesis models, according to Arndt-Schutz's law, in which effect inversion is obtain through changes of dose. Wilder-like models compared stressed and healthy subjects. However, hormesis uses drugs in small doses, while homeopathy uses medicines diluted beyond the scope of matter, which in addition must be agitated. In the present article I paid special attention to the basophil degranulation, as in 2018 it completes its 30th anniversary. I also summarized the results of our work at University of Verona, Italy. (AU)


Assuntos
Pesquisa Homeopática Básica , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Homeopatia/história
8.
São Paulo; s.n; 2018. 40 p.
Tese em Português | HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: biblio-980578

RESUMO

Trabalho realizado a partir do relato de um estudante de homeopatia, vivido pelas experiências sentidas e aprimoradas durante o curso de especialização. O relato, que foge à tradicional monografia, expõe todo o processo que envolveu desde a escolha pela especialidade médica reconhecida da Homeopatia, passando pelas descobertas de cura e finalizando com o encantamento revivido por um profissional médico bem-sucedido na antiga especialidade. O trabalho descreve conceitos históricos e verdades temporárias da Medicina e apresenta reflexões quanto a reais questionamentos que a ciência homeopática vem sofrendo nos dias atuais. Conclui com a expectativa de que o conhecimento humano tem seu limite na unidade de tempo presente e que as verdades na Medicina são sempre temporárias e que a humanidade evoluindo, abrirá espaço para novas descobertas e possibilidades.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação , Homeopatia/história
9.
Technol Cult ; 58(4): 1017-1045, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29249723

RESUMO

This article tackles a common assumption in the historiography of medical technology, that new medical instruments in the nineteenth century were universally seen as symbols of the scientific nature of medical practice. The article examines the strategies used by Jenny Trout, the first woman in Canada licensed to practice medicine, and J. Adams, a homeopathic physician, to advertise electrotherapy to the residents of Toronto in the 1870s and 1880s. While electrotherapy involved complex electrical technology, the doctors in this study did not draw attention to their instruments as proof of the legitimacy of their practice. In fact the technology is almost entirely absent from their promotional texts. While both doctors wanted their practice to be associated with scientific medicine, neither saw their instruments as immediately or obviously symbolic of science.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/história , Médicos/história , Tecnologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/instrumentação , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/psicologia , Historiografia , História do Século XIX , Homeopatia/história , Ontário , Médicos/psicologia
10.
Homeopathy ; 106(4): 250-259, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29157474

RESUMO

Medicine underwent a major crisis in the 18th century and several approaches, including homeopathy, were formulated to fill the void left by the fall of traditional Galenic medicine. While most of the literature deals with the reasons doctors had to shift to homeopathy, the patients' views became the focus of increasing scholarly attention along the past 20 years. In this article I present and discuss the current knowledge about the socio-demographic characteristics and medical complaints of patients who sought homeopathic care in the early 19th century in both private and institutional settings. The results show that not only patients from the higher and more educated classes sought homeopathic care, but a considerable number of individuals from the middle and lower strata did so too, even though they also had access to conventional hospitals. As to the clinical complaints, the reasons to seek homeopathic care were the typical ones for any general practice or hospital in the period considered.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral/métodos , Homeopatia/história , Medicina Geral/história , História do Século XVIII , Homeopatia/métodos , Humanos
11.
Med Hist ; 61(4): 568-589, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28901873

RESUMO

This paper focuses on homeopaths' strategies to popularise homeopathy from 1850 to 1870. I argue that homeopaths created a space for homeopathy in Mexico City in the mid-nineteenth century by facilitating patients' access to medical knowledge, consultation and practice. In this period, when national and international armed conflicts limited the diffusion and regulation of academic medicine, homeopaths popularised homeopathy by framing it as a life-enhancing therapy with tools that responded to patients' needs. Patients' preference for homeopathy evolved into commercial endeavours that promoted the practice of homeopathy through the use of domestic manuals. Using rare publications and archival records, I analyse the popularisation of homeopathy in Ramón Comellas's homeopathic manual, the commercialisation of Julián González's family guides, and patients' and doctors' reception of homeopathy. I show that narratives of conversion to homeopathy relied on the different experiences of patients and trained doctors, and that patients' positive experience with homeopathy weighed more than the doctors' efforts to explain to the public how academic medicine worked. The fact that homeopaths and patients used a shared language to describe disease experiences framed the possibility of a horizontal transmission of medical knowledge, opening up the possibility for patients to become practitioners. By relying on the long tradition of domestic medicine in Mexico, the popularisation of homeopathy disrupted the professional boundaries that academic physicians had begun to build, making homeopaths the largest group that challenged the emergent medical academic culture and its diffusion in Mexico in the nineteenth century.


Assuntos
Homeopatia/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde/história , México , Preferência do Paciente
12.
Vet Rec ; 181(7): 170-176, 2017 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28801498

RESUMO

For many years after its invention around 1796, homeopathy was widely used in people and later in animals. Over the intervening period (1796-2016) pharmacology emerged as a science from Materia Medica (medicinal materials) to become the mainstay of veterinary therapeutics. There remains today a much smaller, but significant, use of homeopathy by veterinary surgeons. Homeopathic products are sometimes administered when conventional drug therapies have not succeeded, but are also used as alternatives to scientifically based therapies and licensed products. The principles underlying the veterinary use of drug-based and homeopathic products are polar opposites; this provides the basis for comparison between them. This two-part review compares and contrasts the two treatment forms in respect of history, constituents, methods of preparation, known or postulated mechanisms underlying responses, the legal basis for use and scientific credibility in the 21st century. Part 1 begins with a consideration of why therapeutic products actually work or appear to do so.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Animais/terapia , Homeopatia/veterinária , Drogas Veterinárias/uso terapêutico , Doenças dos Animais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Homeopatia/história , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Drogas Veterinárias/história
13.
Lit Med ; 35(1): 167-182, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28529235

RESUMO

Though written amid an atmosphere of unprecedented medical advance in both diagnosis and therapeutics, Karel Capek's The White Plague takes a starkly critical stance against overconfidence in medical science and its dubious ethical orbit. This article explores Capek's censure of those who would privilege scientific interest in disease over the holistic plight of the sufferer. Provocatively, Capek achieves this not only via the play's content, but also-prefiguring aspects of contemporary live art practice by several decades-by placing audience members in worrying proximity to abject ill bodies. Capek proposes a sort of theatrical homeopathy, suggesting that limited exposure to the threat of disease might spur spectators toward empathy for those who suffer and promote a healthier, more compassionate society.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/história , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/história , Drama/história , Ética Médica/história , Homeopatia/história , Literatura Moderna , Medicina na Literatura , Peste/história , Tchecoslováquia , História do Século XX , Humanos
14.
Homeopathy ; 106(2): 114-130, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28552174

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the experimental basis for the indications of homeopathic drug Zincum metallicum. The current body of knowledge about Zinc met has a core composed of pathogenetic and clinical data collected in the 19th century surrounded by layers of clinical observations reported over time. In the description, we prioritized poorly known sources, especially the ones that were never translated from the original German. We also performed quantitative and statistical analysis of repertory data. Through a literature survey and a call to practicing homeopathic doctors from many countries, we were able to put together a relevant case-series that represents homeopathic indications of Zinc.


Assuntos
Homeopatia/história , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Zinco/uso terapêutico
15.
J Med Biogr ; 25(4): 214-222, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26643056

RESUMO

For six generations, members of the Wesselhoeft family have practiced medicine in Germany, Denmark, Switzerland, Canada and/or the USA. In the early decades of the 19th century, two Wesselhoeft brothers left Europe to eventually settle in New England, where they and their progeny gave rise to a regional medical dynasty. The Wesselhoeft doctors became well-known practitioners of homeopathy, hydropathy, conventional medicine and surgery, in academic and general clinical settings. An additional connection was established to the literary worlds of Germany and the USA, either through friendships or as personal physicians.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/história , Homeopatia/história , Médicos/história , Canadá , Dinamarca , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Suíça , Estados Unidos
16.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 23(3): 779-798, Jul. - Set. 2016. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | HomeoIndex - Homeopatia | ID: hom-11716

RESUMO

A homeopatia começou a propagar-se logo após sua formulação por Samuel Hahnemann, nos primeiros anos do século XIX, chegando ao Cone Sul na década de 1830. Esse processo é tradicionalmente vinculado à figura de um “introdutor”, por vezes alcançando estatuto mítico. No entanto, pouco se sabe acerca da chegada da homeopatia à Argentina nesse período. Com base em trabalho de arquivo, identificamos uma clara circulação de homeopatas médicos e leigos no eixo Rio de Janeiro-Buenos Aires. Dada a conhecida atividade proselitista desenvolvida nos círculos ligados aos homeopatas leigos B. Mure e J.V. Martins no Rio de Janeiro, a documentação disponível aponta para a possível extensão desse movimento também na Argentina, o que não tinha sido evidenciado até o presente. (AU)


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Homeopatia/história , Documentação
17.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 23(3): 779-798, jul.-set. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | HISA - História da Saúde | ID: his-36944

RESUMO

A homeopatia começou a propagar-se logo após sua formulação por Samuel Hahnemann, nos primeiros anos do século XIX, chegando ao Cone Sul na década de 1830. Esse processo é tradicionalmente vinculado à figura de um “introdutor”, por vezes alcançando estatuto mítico. No entanto, pouco se sabe acerca da chegada da homeopatia à Argentina nesse período. Com base em trabalho de arquivo, identificamos uma clara circulação de homeopatas médicos e leigos no eixo Rio de Janeiro-Buenos Aires. Dada a conhecida atividade proselitista desenvolvida nos círculos ligados aos homeopatas leigos B. Mure e J.V. Martins no Rio de Janeiro, a documentação disponível aponta para a possível extensão desse movimento também na Argentina, o que não tinha sido evidenciado até o presente.(AU)


Homeopathy began to spread soon after it was formulated by Samuel Hahnemann in the early 1800s, reaching the Southern Cone in the 1830s. In processes of this kind, one figure is often cited as being responsible for introducing it, often attaining quasi-mythical status. Little is known, however, about how homeopathy reached Argentina at that time. Through archival research, we discovered that medical and lay homeopaths circulated between Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires. Given the well-known proselytizing of the circles gravitating around lay homeopaths B. Mure and J.V. Martins in Rio de Janeiro, the documents indicate that this movement actually went as far as Argentina, which had not been confirmed until now.(AU)


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Homeopatia/história , Instalações de Saúde , Documentos , S0104-59702016005004101 , América Latina , Brasil , Argentina
18.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 23(3): 779-798, jul.-set. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-792566

RESUMO

Resumo A homeopatia começou a propagar-se logo após sua formulação por Samuel Hahnemann, nos primeiros anos do século XIX, chegando ao Cone Sul na década de 1830. Esse processo é tradicionalmente vinculado à figura de um “introdutor”, por vezes alcançando estatuto mítico. No entanto, pouco se sabe acerca da chegada da homeopatia à Argentina nesse período. Com base em trabalho de arquivo, identificamos uma clara circulação de homeopatas médicos e leigos no eixo Rio de Janeiro-Buenos Aires. Dada a conhecida atividade proselitista desenvolvida nos círculos ligados aos homeopatas leigos B. Mure e J.V. Martins no Rio de Janeiro, a documentação disponível aponta para a possível extensão desse movimento também na Argentina, o que não tinha sido evidenciado até o presente.


Abstract Homeopathy began to spread soon after it was formulated by Samuel Hahnemann in the early 1800s, reaching the Southern Cone in the 1830s. In processes of this kind, one figure is often cited as being responsible for introducing it, often attaining quasi-mythical status. Little is known, however, about how homeopathy reached Argentina at that time. Through archival research, we discovered that medical and lay homeopaths circulated between Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires. Given the well-known proselytizing of the circles gravitating around lay homeopaths B. Mure and J.V. Martins in Rio de Janeiro, the documents indicate that this movement actually went as far as Argentina, which had not been confirmed until now.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Homeopatia/história , Argentina , Brasil , Documentação/história , Publicações/história
19.
Homeopathy ; 105(3): 280-285, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27473550

RESUMO

Facing claims for and against the scientific status of homeopathy, one is entitled to ask: is there a scientific model for homeopathy? In this study we reconstructed the model put forward by Hahnemann. The results showed that it was essentially based on the assumption of a 'vital force' exclusive to living beings. While the vital force was a basic element of 18th-century science, the existence of such a sui generis force of nature was refuted with the formulation of the law of the conservation of energy by mid-19th century. As a function of that fact for homeopathic theory, we discuss the history of the rise and demise of the theory of the vital force from the last quarter of the 18th century to 1830. Finally, we call the attention to the paradigm shift biology underwent starting at the end of the 19th century as the framework for contemporary views on the functioning of living beings and consequently, of the effects of pharmacological agents on them.


Assuntos
Homeopatia/história , Modelos Teóricos , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX
20.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 23(3): 779-98, 2016.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27438734

RESUMO

Homeopathy began to spread soon after it was formulated by Samuel Hahnemann in the early 1800s, reaching the Southern Cone in the 1830s. In processes of this kind, one figure is often cited as being responsible for introducing it, often attaining quasi-mythical status. Little is known, however, about how homeopathy reached Argentina at that time. Through archival research, we discovered that medical and lay homeopaths circulated between Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires. Given the well-known proselytizing of the circles gravitating around lay homeopaths B. Mure and J.V. Martins in Rio de Janeiro, the documents indicate that this movement actually went as far as Argentina, which had not been confirmed until now.


Assuntos
Homeopatia/história , Argentina , Brasil , Documentação/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Publicações/história
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