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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3543-3554, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468650

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the risk of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) by developing an index that considers sex partner networks. The index variables were age, ethnicity/skin color, schooling, relationship type, condom use in receptive and insertive relationships, self-perception of the possibility of HIV infection, sexually transmitted infections, and rapid HIV testing results. We used data from a cross-sectional MSM egocentric network survey conducted in Rio de Janeiro between 2014 and 2015. The initial research volunteer is called ego, each partner is called alter, and each pair of people in a relationship is called the dyad. Multiple logistic regression was used to define the coefficients of the equations for the elaboration of the indices. The index ranged from 0 to 1; the closer to 1, the higher the risk of HIV infection. HIV prevalence was 13.9% among egos. The mean egos index with an HIV-reactive test was 57% higher than non-reactive, and the same profile was observed in the index values of dyads. The index allowed the incorporation of network data through the dyads and contributed to the identification of individuals with a higher likelihood of acquiring HIV.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais
2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(Suppl 4)(8): S26-S29, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469425

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the probability of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 transmission from different key HIV population groups using probabilistic modelling. Methods: This study was conducted in December 2020. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of HIV-1 transmission from different key HIV population groups in Larkana. Our model was run on three probabilistic assumptions: 1) each replication gave two conceivable results: 'true' or 'false'; 2) the chance of giving a 'true' result is the same for each replication; and 3) the replications are independent - 'true' in one will not impact the likelihood of 'true' in another. RESULTS: The results estimated the probability of HIV transmission in key HIV population groups in Larkana to range between 0.42-0.54 per trial, where the highest probability of transmission was predicted for men who have sex with men (MSM; 0.54 per trial), followed by transgender (TG; 0.46 per trial) and people who inject drugs (PWID; 0.457 per trial). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that there is a high likelihood of HIV transmission by key population groups in Larkana, such as MSM, TG, and PWID. Mathematic models, such as one proposed in our study can aid the HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) control programmes in evaluating and optimising the strategies in controlling transmission of HIV from the key population groups.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Grupos Populacionais
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 29: e3474, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to investigate the factors associated with the practice of sex under the influence of drugs (chemsex) among Portuguese men who have sex with men during the period of social distancing to prevent the COVID-19. METHOD: online survey applied in May 2020 to a sample of 1,301 participants living in Portugal, recruited according to Respondent Driven Sampling and via social media Facebook®. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed along with logistic regression to calculate adjusted Odds Ratio (ORa). RESULTS: the prevalence of chemsex was 20.2%. The likelihood of practicing chemsex increased with group sex (ORa: 28.4, 95%CI 16.93-47.49); unprotected sex (ORa: 7.1 95%CI 4.57-10.99); the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent COVID-19 (ORa: 4.2, 95%CI 2.71-6.39) and COVID-19 testing (ORa: 1.9, 95%CI 1.15-3.10). CONCLUSION: the practice of chemsex among men who have sex with men during the COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal was very frequent and may support greater understanding of the role and impact of sexual behavior on the COVID-19 transmission rates and the current pandemic situation in Portugal.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Teste para COVID-19 , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Portugal/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Comportamento Sexual
4.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(8): e00263720, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495096

RESUMO

The objective was to characterize sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical aspects in young Brazilian military recruits according to prevalence of syphilis. This was a descriptive study based on a nationwide population-based survey in 2016 with a probabilistic sample of military recruits 17 to 22 years of age. A confidential self-applied questionnaire was used. Blood samples were drawn from participants for treponemal and non-treponemal syphilis tests. Descriptive statistical techniques were used to estimate syphilis prevalence rates and distribution of frequencies between the target variables, considering 95% confidence intervals (95%CI), after weighting the data. Of the total of 37,282 participants, 73.7% were sexually initiated. Prevalence rates for lifetime and confirmed syphilis were 1.6% and 1.1%, respectively. The following population variables showed higher prevalence of syphilis: lack of Internet access at home; initiation of sexual activity before 14 years of age; men who have sex with men; more than five sexual partners; having received presents, drugs, or other incentives in exchange for sex; and prior history of symptoms of sexually transmissible infections. An increase was observed in syphilis in Brazilian military recruits when compared to previous surveys. This increase emphasizes the importance of this sentinel population for performing active surveillance in order to support healthcare strategies for youth, including in the school system.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Militares , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Sífilis , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Sífilis/epidemiologia
5.
AIDS Educ Prev ; 33(4): 276-289, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370568

RESUMO

In the United States, Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men (HLMSM) are disproportionally affected by HIV. We conducted a rapid review of national surveillance data to examine disparities in HIV prevention and care outcomes among HLMSM. Thirteen reports provided relevant data from 2011 to 2018. Compared to White MSM, a higher percentage of HIV-negative HLMSM reported not taking PrEP and engaging in condomless sex; a lower percentage of HIV-negative HLMSM at risk for HIV reported PrEP awareness and use; and a lower percentage of HIV-positive HLMSM were aware of their status, linked to HIV care, and virally suppressed. Viral suppression rates in HLMSM were better among Ryan White clients than the national rates, suggesting that access to comprehensive care/services reduces disparities. Findings also call for identifying individual, social, and structural factors contributing to condomless sex without PrEP use and HIV status unawareness and identifying best approaches for scaling up comprehensive care/services.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Afro-Americanos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Hispano-Americanos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
J Sex Med ; 18(9): 1545-1554, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) is a clinical syndrome that causes significant distress and impairment for many individuals in the United States. Gay men are thought to have a higher prevalence of CSB, and it is associated with many relevant health outcomes including HIV risk behavior. AIM: To estimate the prevalence and examine demographic correlates of CSB among gay men in the United States. METHODS: A U.S. national probability sample of 227 gay-identified men were collected as part of the 2015 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB). OUTCOMES: Participants completed the Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory (CSBI-13) and demographic measures. RESULTS: Eighteen participants (7.93%) scored above the CSBI-13 clinical cut point, indicating they would likely meet criteria for clinically significant compulsive sexual behavior. To assess demographic correlates of CSB, demographic variables were entered into a logistic regression. Results of the logistic regression indicated that participant age, education, and religious affiliation were significant predictors of CSB status. Individuals scoring above the cut point were younger on average (M = 39.17; SD = 14.84) than those scoring below the cut point (M = 47.52; SD = 14.62; P = .02). Odds of scoring above the cut point were about six times greater for religiously affiliated participants compared to non-religiously affiliated participants (P = .005), and four times greater for those who had attended college compared to those who had not (P = .03). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: These results indicate the prevalence of CSB in gay men is more modest than previously estimated, and is similar to the general population prevalence estimated in a previous study. The strongest predictor of CSB in this sample was religious affiliation, which underscores the importance of evaluating the role of religiosity in the etiology and/or identification of this clinical syndrome. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: These findings are strengthened by the national probability sampling methodology and the use of the empirically validated CSBI-13 cut point. However, this sample was also older and had higher income and educational attainment than the larger population of gay men in the U.S. CONCLUSION: These results indicate gay men may have a CSB prevalence rate similar to the general population, which contradicts previous research suggesting they are at greater risk for CSB. Gleason N, Finotelli I, Miner MH, et al. Estimated Prevalence and Demographic Correlates of Compulsive Sexual Behavior Among Gay Men in the United States. J Sex Med 2021;18:1545-1554.


Assuntos
Transtornos Parafílicos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Comportamento Compulsivo/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Comportamento Sexual , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Nature ; 597(7874): 17-18, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429557
8.
N Engl J Med ; 385(7): 595-608, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safe and effective long-acting injectable agents for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are needed to increase the options for preventing HIV infection. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, noninferiority trial to compare long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB-LA, an integrase strand-transfer inhibitor [INSTI]) at a dose of 600 mg, given intramuscularly every 8 weeks, with daily oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) for the prevention of HIV infection in at-risk cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) and in at-risk transgender women who have sex with men. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive one of the two regimens and were followed for 153 weeks. HIV testing and safety evaluations were performed. The primary end point was incident HIV infection. RESULTS: The intention-to-treat population included 4566 participants who underwent randomization; 570 (12.5%) identified as transgender women, and the median age was 26 years (interquartile range, 22 to 32). The trial was stopped early for efficacy on review of the results of the first preplanned interim end-point analysis. Among 1698 participants from the United States, 845 (49.8%) identified as Black. Incident HIV infection occurred in 52 participants: 13 in the cabotegravir group (incidence, 0.41 per 100 person-years) and 39 in the TDF-FTC group (incidence, 1.22 per 100 person-years) (hazard ratio, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.18 to 0.62). The effect was consistent across prespecified subgroups. Injection-site reactions were reported in 81.4% of the participants in the cabotegravir group and in 31.3% of those in the TDF-FTC group. In the participants in whom HIV infection was diagnosed after exposure to CAB-LA, INSTI resistance and delays in the detection of HIV infection were noted. No safety concerns were identified. CONCLUSIONS: CAB-LA was superior to daily oral TDF-FTC in preventing HIV infection among MSM and transgender women. Strategies are needed to prevent INSTI resistance in cases of CAB-LA PrEP failure. (Funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and others; HPTN 083 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02720094.).


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Inibidores de Integrase de HIV/administração & dosagem , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Preparações de Ação Retardada/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Feminino , Inibidores de Integrase de HIV/efeitos adversos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Injeções Intramusculares/efeitos adversos , Análise de Intenção de Tratamento , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piridonas/efeitos adversos , Pessoas Transgênero , Adulto Jovem
10.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e047280, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362801

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Research has established that various forms of stigma (HIV stigma, gender non-conforming stigma and same-gender sex stigma) exist across Sub-Saharan Africa and have consequences for the utilisation of HIV prevention and care services. Stigmas are typically investigated in HIV literature individually or through investigating individual populations and the various stigmas they may face. The concept of intersectionality highlights the interconnected nature of social categorisations and their ability to create interdependent systems of discrimination based on gender, race, sexuality and so on. Drawing from perspectives on intersectionality, intersectional stigma denotes the convergence of multiple marginalised identities within an individual or a group, the experiences of stigma associated with these identities as well as the synergistic impact of these experiences on health and well-being. With respect to HIV, public health scholars can examine the impacts of intersectional stigmas on HIV prevention and care utilisation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Reviewers will search systematically through MEDLINE, Global Health, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science Core Collection and Africa Index Medicus and citations for quantitative studies, qualitative studies and grey literature that include data on stigma and HIV among men who have sex with men and women who have sex with women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Eligible studies will include primary or secondary data on stigma related to HIV risk factors experienced by this population. Studies will be written in French or English and be published between January 1991 and November 2020. All screening and data extraction will be performed in duplicate, and if discrepancies arise, they will be settled by GM'RA, LEN, DD or AO. Findings from this study will be reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval is not required as there will be no human participants and no protected data will be used in this study. We will disseminate findings through peer-reviewed manuscripts, conferences and webinars.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , África ao Sul do Saara , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Estigma Social , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
11.
Top Antivir Med ; 29(3): 379-385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370419

RESUMO

At the 2021 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, there was a focus on progress toward hepatitis C virus (HCV) microelimination in geographic regions and targeted populations. HCV elimination is facilitated by well-tolerated, highly effective HCV treatment that requires essentially no on-treatment monitoring in most patients, as highlighted by the MINMON (Minimal Monitoring Study or A5360) study, and that should be increasingly available to children with new data supporting feasible treatment in younger patients. Challenges to HCV elimination include HCV reinfection via sexual exposure in men who have sex with men (MSM) and continued barriers to diagnosis and access to HCV treatment. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) suppression may take years in HIV/HBV-coinfected patients. This may have important consequences as the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma was associated in a dose-dependent manner with HBV viral load and was lowest in those with sustained undetectable HBV, highlighting the need for HBV DNA monitoring during therapy. Public health programs should prioritize improving hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccination in at-risk populations, including people with HIV, as vaccinations rates for these preventable diseases continue to be suboptimal in many settings. Fatty liver disease, heavy alcohol use, antiretroviral therapy, and COVID-19 infection were also examined as drivers of hepatic disease in HIV infection.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Congressos como Assunto , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Hepatite Viral Humana/complicações , Homossexualidade Masculina , Fígado/lesões , Hepatite A/complicações , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26746, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397715

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to understand the homosexual behavior characteristics and influencing factors of male college students and to provide scientific evidence for the prevention of HIV infection in college students.A self-made online questionnaire was used to collect information on demographic characteristics, sexual attitudes, sexual behaviors, and interventions of the respondents. The χ2 test was performed on the constituent ratios of different groups, and whether homosexual behavior occurred was the dependent variable. Logistic regression was subsequently used to analyze the influencing factors of male homosexual behavior.A total of 2665 students were surveyed, including 219 men who have sex with men, accounting for 8.22% of the sample population. Multivariate analysis revealed the following independent influencing factors of homosexual behavior among male college students: the student's household registration was Zhejiang Province, the hometown was in the city, accepted male homosexual sex, had temporary sex in the last year, and awareness that the correct use of condoms can reduce the spread and risk of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.Various measures should be enacted to promote human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome education and intervention among college students, especially emphasizing making friends and advocating safe sex to prevent the spread of the disease.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , China , Estudos Transversais , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLWH), and stigma continues to be prevalent among PLWH. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 584 men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV between July 2018 and December 2020, designed to better understand which demographic and behavioral characteristics of MSM living with HIV in San Francisco, California are associated with experience of stigma, so that programs and initiatives can be tailored appropriately to minimize HIV stigma's impacts. METHODS: This analysis was conducted with data from San Francisco AIDS Foundation (SFAF) encompassing services from multiple different locations in San Francisco. Data about the level of HIV-related stigma experienced were collected through a single question incorporated into programmatic data collection forms at SFAF as part of the client record stored in SFAF's electronic health record. We performed linear regression to determine the associations between self-reported experiences of HIV stigma and other characteristics among MSM living with HIV. RESULTS: HIV stigma was low overall among MSM living with HIV who are actively engaged in HIV care in San Francisco; however, it was significantly higher for the age groups of 13-29 years (adjusted risk difference (ARD): 0.251, 95% CI: 0.012, 0.489) and 30-49 years (ARD: 0.205, 95% CI: 0.042, 0.367) when compared to the age group of 50 years and older, as well as people who were homeless (ARD: 0.844, 95% CI: 0.120, 1.568), unstably housed (ARD: 0.326, 95% CI: 0.109, 0.543) and/or having mental health concerns (ARD: 0.309, 95% CI: 0.075, 0.544), controlling for race, injection history, and viral load. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight an opportunity to develop culturally, socially, and racially appropriate interventions to reduce HIV stigma among MSM living with HIV, particularly for younger men and those struggling with housing stability and/or mental health.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , São Francisco/epidemiologia , Estigma Social , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360376

RESUMO

Evidence-based research has highlighted the need for exploring factors that support the mental health of men who have sex with men living with HIV/AIDS (MSMLWH), and environmental influences that promote their resilience to HIV/AIDS. This exploratory study utilized a community-based participatory research approach to investigate barriers and facilitators to promoting resilience to HIV/AIDS, specifically among racial and ethnic minority, middle-aged and older MSMLWH, a population that continues to be significantly impacted by HIV/AIDS today. This collaborative, qualitative study recruited participants who identified as racial or ethnic minority MSMLWH, were aged 40 or older, and resided in Ontario, Canada. Participants (n = 24) discussed in their interviews barriers and facilitators to promoting resilience to HIV/AIDS, which they recognized from their lived experiences. Utilizing thematic analysis, themes related to barriers and facilitators to promoting resilience to HIV/AIDS were identified. Themes related to identified barriers included: (1) language proficiency, (2) racism, (3) pernicious norms in North American gay culture, and (4) HIV stigma. Themes related to identified facilitators included: (1) compartmentalization, (2) perseverance, and (3) community-based health and social services. This article discusses the implications of the study's findings, particularly on how they may influence the development of future services for racial and ethnic minority, middle-aged and older MSMLWH.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Idoso , Grupos Étnicos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Grupos Minoritários , Ontário , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estigma Social
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444038

RESUMO

This study describes the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) injection, their main correlates, and the prevalence of specific AAS injection risk behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM), an area insufficiently addressed in scientific research. Participants were HIV-negative MSM attending four HIV/STI diagnosis services: two clinics and two community programmes in Madrid and Barcelona. Participants answered an online self-administered questionnaire. Crude and adjusted lifetime prevalence and prevalence ratios (PRs) were calculated by different factors and using Poisson regression models with robust variance. Of the 3510 participants, 6.1% (95% CI: 5.3-6.9) had injected AAS before and 3.5% (95% CI: 2.9-4.2) had done so in the last 12 months. In the multivariate analysis, AAS injection was independently associated with being over 40 years old (aPR = 3.6; 95% CI: 2.0-6.5) and being born in Latin America (aPR = 2.5; 95% CI:1.9-3.4), and was less strongly associated (aPRs of around two) with having been recruited into STI clinics, having ever been paid for sex before, injected drugs, used drugs for sex, having been diagnosed with an STI before, and having been diagnosed with HIV at the recruitment consultation. Only three participants, 1.4%, of those who had injected AAS before had shared AAS or equipment for preparation or injecting before. Conclusions: In contrast to drugs, AAS injecting behaviours do not play a relevant, direct role in the transmission of blood-borne infections among MSM. However, AAS injectors have a higher prevalence of sexual risk behaviours. These findings should be confirmed using new studies that employ other sampling procedures.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Adulto , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Parceiros Sexuais , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Congêneres da Testosterona
16.
Int J Med Inform ; 153: 104529, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The widespread and frequent use of mobile technology among adolescents, including sexual minority adolescents, presents an opportunity for the development of mobile health (mHealth) technology to combat the continuing HIV epidemic among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). We analyzed perceptions of the quality and impact of an HIV prevention mobile app on sexual risk reduction among YMSM. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a larger randomized controlled trial of the MyPEEPS Mobile app among YMSM aged 13-18 years. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews to assess quality and user satisfaction with MyPEEPS Mobile app using analysis informed by the Information Systems Success framework. Interview data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using six themes: information quality, net benefit, user satisfaction, product quality, service quality, and health care barriers. RESULTS: Interviews were conducted with 40 YMSM (45% Hispanic; 80% non-White; 88% non-rural resident; 28% aged 17 years). Participants' responses indicated that information quality was high, reporting that the app information was concise, easy to understand, useful, and relevant to their life. The net benefits were stated as improvements in their decision-making skills, health behaviors, communication skills with partner(s), and increased knowledge of HIV risk. There was general user satisfaction and enjoyment when using the app, although most of the participants did not intend to reuse the app unless new activities were added. Participants expressed that the product quality of the app was good due to its personalization, representation of the LGBTQIA + community, and user-friendly interface. Although no major technical issues were reported, participants suggested that adaption to a native app, rather than a web app, would improve service quality through faster loading speed. Participants also identified some health care barriers that were minimized by app use. CONCLUSIONS: The MyPEEPS Mobile app is a well received, functional, and entertaining mHealth HIV prevention tool that may improve HIV prevention skills and reduce HIV risk among YMSM.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Aplicativos Móveis , Saúde Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Sistemas de Informação , Masculino
17.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e931595, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex (MAI) is a member of the non-tuberculous mycobacteria family, which can cause both pulmonary and non-pulmonary disease. In patients with advanced HIV, it is known to cause disseminated disease. We present a case of a 65-year-old man who has sex with men (MSM) with AIDS, found to have spondylodiscitis and an epidural abscess, who had recently completed treatment for disseminated MAI. CASE REPORT The patient was a 65-year-old with AIDS secondary to HIV and a prior history of disseminated MAI, who presented with severe back pain. Upon presentation to the hospital, an MRI was performed, which was suggestive of spondylodiscitis and an epidural abscess. He was taken to surgery for a minimally invasive T12-L1 laminectomy and evacuation of the epidural abscess. Both traditional cultures and acid-fast bacillus (AFB) cultures were negative. Due to worsening pain, he was taken back to surgery for a repeat debridement and biopsy. Repeat cultures were positive for MAI. He was started on rifabutin, ethambutol, azithromycin, and moxifloxacin. Moxifloxacin was subsequently discontinued. He has had problems tolerating the treatment regimen, but is planned to complete an 18-24-month course. CONCLUSIONS For patients with AIDS who have a diagnosis of spondylodiscitis and an epidural abscess, an opportunistic infection such as MAI should be considered. A repeat biopsy should be considered if suspicion is still high, even despite initially negative cultures. Treatment regimens should be prolonged, despite difficulty with medication compliance.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Discite , Abscesso Epidural , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Idoso , Discite/diagnóstico , Abscesso Epidural/complicações , Abscesso Epidural/diagnóstico , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Complexo Mycobacterium avium , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/complicações , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
18.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 35(8): 279-287, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375139

RESUMO

Multilevel barriers to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) care among male sex workers (MSW) include aspects of interactions with health services and providers. We examined relationships between health service- and provider-level factors and PrEP care among MSW. Between 2017 and 2019, we enrolled 111 MSW in the Northeast United States who were not on PrEP, but expressed interest in potentially using PrEP, in a behavioral intervention to promote PrEP uptake and adherence. Using baseline data, we examined whether having a primary care provider, past year frequency of medical visits, comfort discussing sexual practices with providers, and transportation difficulties to accessing general health care were associated with PrEP use self-efficacy, anticipated barriers to PrEP uptake, adherence, and retention (linear regression), and intention to initiate PrEP (logistic regression). Models adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, sexual identity, education, and income. Participants' mean age was 34.2 [standard deviation (SD) = 8.5], and 47% were non-White. Three-quarters (76%) intended to initiate PrEP within the next month. Comfort discussing sexual practices with providers was associated with PrEP use self-efficacy (b = 0.41, p = 0.008). Comfort discussing sexual practices with providers was negatively associated with anticipated barriers to PrEP uptake (b = -0.29, p = 0.006). Transportation difficulties to accessing general health care were associated with barriers to PrEP uptake (b = 0.30, p = 0.007) and barriers to PrEP adherence and retention (b = 0.57, p < 0.001). No health service- and provider-level characteristics were associated with intention to initiate PrEP. PrEP programs targeting MSW may benefit from interventions to foster communication between MSW and providers about sexual practices and should consider structural barriers to accessing care, including lack of access to transportation.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Profissionais do Sexo , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual
19.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 695515, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336719

RESUMO

Despite the antiretroviral therapy (ART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related oral disease remains a common problem for people living with HIV (PLWH). Evidence suggests that impairment of immune function in HIV infection might lead to the conversion of commensal bacteria to microorganisms with increased pathogenicity. However, limited information is available about alteration in oral microbiome in PLWH on ART. We performed a longitudinal comparative study on men who have sex with men (MSM) with acute HIV infection (n=15), MSM with chronic HIV infection (n=15), and HIV-uninfected MSM controls (n=15). Throat swabs were collected when these subjects were recruited (W0) and 12 weeks after ART treatment (W12) from the patients. Genomic DNAs were extracted and 16S rRNA gene sequencing was performed. Microbiome diversity was significantly decreased in patients with acute and chronic HIV infections compared with those in controls at the sampling time of W0 and the significant difference remained at W12. An increased abundance of unidentified Prevotellaceae was found in patients with acute and chronic HIV infections. Moreover, increased abundances of Prevotella in subjects with acute HIV infection and Streptococcus in subjects with chronic HIV infection were observed. In contrast, greater abundance in Lactobacillus, Rothia, Lautropia, and Bacteroides was found in controls. After effective ART, Bradyrhizobium was enriched in both acute and chronic HIV infections, whereas in controls, Lactobacillus, Rothia, Clostridia, Actinobacteria, and Ruminococcaceae were enriched. In addition, we found that lower CD4+ T-cell counts (<200 cells/mm3) were associated with lower relative abundances of Haemophilus, Actinomyces, unidentified Ruminococcaceae, and Rothia. This study has shown alteration in oral microbiome resulting from HIV infection and ART. The results obtained warrant further studies in a large number of subjects with different ethnics. It might contribute to improved oral health in HIV-infected individuals.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Infecções por HIV , Microbiota , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
20.
Front Public Health ; 9: 673959, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368050

RESUMO

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) have been increasingly available in Europe. Due to the high burden of HIV in key populations, these could benefit from their use. In 2016, in Portugal, an open, non-interval, prospective cohort study was established in a network of 26 community-based voluntary HIV/STI counseling and testing centers. Data collected included questions on PEP and PrEP knowledge and use. We aimed to estimate the proportion of PEP and PrEP knowledge and its use among key populations, visiting the centers between 2016 and 2019. Method and results: Individuals who self-identify as being among at least one key population for HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers (SW), migrants, and male-to-female transgender individuals (MTF), responded to questions on PEP and PrEP knowledge and use while waiting for their test results between 2016 and 2019 (n = 12,893 for PEP; n = 10,973 for PrEP). Reported knowledge was low in all key populations for both tools: 15.7% of respondents reported knowing about PEP and 10.9% about PrEP over the course of 4 years. PEP was used by 1.8% and PrEP by 0.4% of the respondents, MSM being 88.9% of PrEP users, and 52.8% of PEP users. Multivariate logistic regression showed multiple factors associated with knowing the tools, including age, education, country of birth, gender, year of test, having a reactive HIV test in the same visit, reporting an STI or condomless sex in the last 12 months, and identifying with being MSM or SW. Conclusions: Knowledge and use of PEP and PrEP remain low among key populations in Portugal. The need remains to increase knowledge and use among those at risk for HIV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Portugal/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
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