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1.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 159: 9-16, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400789

RESUMO

An L1024F substitution in the para gene, which encodes a subunit of the voltage-gated sodium channel, has been implicated in pyrethroid resistance in a mite pest, Halotydeus destructor, which attacks rape and other grain crops. A high-resolution melt (HRM) genotyping assay was developed for testing the relative pyrethroid susceptibility of different para genotypes and for high-throughput field screening of resistant alleles. The L1024F mutation was found to be incompletely recessive in phenotypic laboratory bioassays with the pyrethroid pesticide, bifenthrin. While the resistance ratio of heterozygotes (RS) to susceptible homozygotes (SS) was <6 in 24 h bioassays, the resistant homozygotes (RR) (with a resistance ratio > 200,000) survived the recommended field rate of bifenthrin (100 mgL-1). HRM genotyping of mites from field populations across Australia indicated the presence of resistant alleles in Western Australia and South Australia, but not in Victoria and New South Wales. The assay developed will be useful for routine screening of pyrethroid resistance, and the dominance relationships established here point to useful resistance management strategies involving the maintenance of reservoirs of susceptible mites to dilute resistant homozygotes in a population.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/farmacologia , Ácaros/efeitos dos fármacos , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Animais , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Programas de Rastreamento , Ácaros/genética
2.
Gene ; 715: 144027, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the clinical and molecular characteristics of a Chinese Zhuang minority patient with leukocyte adhesion deficiency type-1 (LAD-1) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PDD). METHODS: Routine clinical and physical examinations were performed, and patient data was collected and analyzed. Protein expression levels of Itgb2 and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6pd) proteins were assessed by flow cytometry and the glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) substrate method, respectively. Whole exome sequencing was performed to investigate genetic variations of the patient and his parents. RESULTS: The patient had fester disease and delayed separation of the umbilical cord at birth. Staphylococcus was detected in the fluid secretion of the auditory meatus of the patient. He exhibited a recurrent cheek scab, swollen hand, and swollen gum. Hematological examination indicated dramatic elevation of leukocytes including lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils. A novel homozygous mutation was detected in the ITGB2 gene of the patient, which was determined to be a two nucleotide deletion at the site of c.1537-1538 (c.1537-1538delGT), causing a frameshift of 24 amino acids from p.513 and inducing a stop codon (p.V513Lfs*24). A base substitution mutation was identified at c.1466 (c.1466G>T) of G6PD on chromosome X of the patient, which resulted in an amino acid change from arginine to leucine at p.489 (p.R489L). The patient also showed deficient lymphocyte expression of CD18 (2.99%) and significant downregulation of the G6pd protein. CONCLUSIONS: The patient was diagnosed with G6PDD and moderate LAD-1. The combination of LAD-1 and G6PDD in this case may have been due to the high incidence of genetic disease in this minority ethnic population. Analyzing existing LAD-1 and G6PDD cases from different populations can facilitate disease diagnosis and treatment. Particularly, reporting pathogenic mutations of LAD-1 and G6PDD will be crucial for genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis in an effort to decrease the incidence of these diseases.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD18/genética , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Homozigoto , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Antígenos CD18/metabolismo , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/metabolismo , Síndrome da Aderência Leucocítica Deficitária/patologia , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Leucócitos/patologia , Masculino
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(8): 817-820, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical and genetic features of a pedigree affected with autosomal recessive neuromyotonia and axonal neuropathy (NMAN). METHODS: For the proband and her parents, clinical data was collected, genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples. Triplet primed-PCR was carried out to detect dynamic mutation of DMPK and ZNF9 genes, which are responsible for myotonic dystrophy, by capillary electrophoresis. High-throughput sequencing was used to screen variants of candidate genes for Mendelian disorders involving the nervous system. Candidate variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The genotype of the variant was determined in the parents and 100 healthy controls. Pathogenicity of the variant was assessed by ACMG criterion. RESULTS: Mutation of DMPK and ZNF9 genes was excluded. DNA sequencing has identified a homozygous missense variant (c.335C>T, p.R119W) in the HINT1 gene. Both parents were found to carry the variant. The same variant was not found among the healthy controls. According to the ACMG criterion, the missense variant was classified as a pathogenic variant. CONCLUSION: The c.335C>T (p.R119W) of the HINT1 gene probably underlie the disease in this pedigree. Above finding provided further evidence for the connection between HINT1 and NMAN and enriched the mutation spectrum of HINT1 gene.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Isaacs/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Homozigoto , Humanos , Linhagem
4.
Gene ; 715: 143970, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) formation is genetically determined, with reduced penetrance and variable expressivity. NOTCH1 is a proven candidate gene and its mutations have been found in familial and sporadic cases of BAV. METHODS: 66 BAV patients from the GISSI VAR study were genotyped for the NOTCH1 gene. RESULTS: We identified 63 variants, in heterozygous and homozygous states. Fifty-two are common polymorphisms present in almost all patients. Eleven variants are new and never yet reported: two are non-synonymous substitutions, Gly540Asp in exon 10 and Glu851Gln in exon 16; one is in the 3'UTR region and seven in introns, one corresponds to a T allele insertion in intron 27. We selected four statistically noteworthy and seven new variants identified in six BAV patients and correlated them with clinical and demographic variables and with imaging and histological parameters. Preliminary data show that four were BAV patients with isolated stenosis in patients over 60 aged. These variants may correlate with a later need for surgery for the presence of stenosis and not aortic valve regurgitation or ascending aortic aneurysm. CONCLUSIONS: Completing the genotyping of 62 BAV patients we found 11 new variants in the NOTCH1 gene never yet reported. These findings confirm that the identification of new, clinically remarkable biomarkers for BAV requires a deeper genetic understanding of the NOTCH1 gene variants, which could be targeted by future diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/genética , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Penetrância , Receptor Notch1/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Éxons , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Íntrons , Itália , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Hum Genet ; 138(10): 1123-1142, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312899

RESUMO

The study of runs of homozygosity (ROH) can shed light on population demographic history and cultural practices. We present a fine-scale ROH analysis of 1679 individuals from 28 sub-Saharan African (SSA) populations along with 1384 individuals from 17 worldwide populations. Using high-density SNP coverage, we could accurately identify ROH > 300 kb using PLINK software. The genomic distribution of ROH was analysed through the identification of ROH islands and regions of heterozygosity (RHZ). The analyses showed a heterogeneous distribution of autozygosity across SSA, revealing complex demographic histories. They highlight differences between African groups and can differentiate the impact of consanguineous practices (e.g. among the Somali) from endogamy (e.g. among several Khoe and San groups). Homozygosity cold and hotspots were shown to harbour multiple protein coding genes. Studying ROH therefore not only sheds light on population history, but can also be used to study genetic variation related to adaptation and potentially to the health of extant populations.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Genética Populacional , Homozigoto , África ao Sul do Saara , Consanguinidade , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Análise de Dados , Demografia , Variação Genética , Genômica/métodos , Geografia , Humanos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16504, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348261

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Autosomal recessive distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is a rare condition, most cases of which are caused by genetic mutations. Several loss-of-function mutations in the ATP6V0A4 gene have been recently reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 2-month, 24-day-old Chinese girl presenting with vomiting and diarrhea. DIAGNOSIS: dRTA was established by metabolic acidosis and hypokalemia. Mutational analysis of the ATP6V0A4 gene revealed a homozygous deletion of exons 13 and 14. The father was found to have a heterozygous loss of both exons, whereas the mother was normal. INTERVENTIONS: Patient was treated with potassium citrate. OUTCOMES: The patient has shown normal pH and potassium levels. LESSONS: This is the first case of a homozygous deletion in ATP6V0A4 reported in the literature. Although the initial auditory screening was normal in this case, this patient will nevertheless undergo long-term auditory testing.


Assuntos
Acidose Tubular Renal/genética , Acidose/tratamento farmacológico , Acidose/etiologia , Acidose Tubular Renal/complicações , Acidose Tubular Renal/diagnóstico , China , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Lactente , Citrato de Potássio/uso terapêutico , Deleção de Sequência
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 3269-3272, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although genetic factors are presumed to account only for a part of the inter-individual variation in lung cancer susceptibility, the results are conflicting and there are no data available regarding the Polish population. We, therefore, performed a case-control study to investigate the association of seven selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), in genes coding for excision repair cross-complimentary group 1 (ERCC1: rs11615, rs3212986, rs2298881), nuclear factor ĸB (NFKB2: rs7897947, rs12769316), bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4: rs1957860), complement receptor 1 (CR1: rs7525160) and del/ins polymorphism in the family hypoxia inducible factor 2 gene (EGLN2: rs10680577), with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR with melting curve analysis was used for genotyping of NSCLC patients and healthy individuals of Polish origin. RESULTS: The ERCC1 rs11615 T allele and rs3212986 GG homozygosity were found to be associated with a higher risk of developing NSCLC. In addition, NFKB2 rs12769316 GG homozygosity was more frequently detected among male patients than controls, while no significant differences were found between the five polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: ERCC1 polymorphisms may affect NSCLC risk in the Polish population, while the NFKB2 variant may be a possible marker of the disease in males.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Subunidade p52 de NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Homozigoto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Fenótipo , Polônia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(3): 904-910, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204952

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gene mutations types and the clinical characteristics in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency. METHODS: The phenotype diagnosis was validated by detecting the coagulation parameters including prothrombin time (PT),activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), FⅦ activity (FⅦ: C) and specific antigens (FⅦ: Ag) of proband and its family members. All exons, exon-intron boundaries, 5' untranslated regions and 3' untranslated regions of F7 gene were amplified with PCR. Potential mutations were detected by direct sequencing of purified PCR products. Suspected mutations were confirmed by sequencing of the opposite strand. RESULTS: A total of 5 different mutations were identified in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency and family members, including 4 misssense mutations and 1 splice site mutation. Out of 3 cases of hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency 2 had double heterozygous mutation, I had homozygous mutations. Patient 1 had p.His408Gln with p.Arg413Gln double heterozygous mutations, her sister had p.His408Gln with p.Arg413Gln double heterozygous mutations, another one had p.His408Gln mono-heterozygous mutation, their correspo FⅦ: C were 5%, 3%, 75%. Patient 2 had p.Arg364Gln with p.His408Gln double heterozygous mutations, her brother had p.Arg364Gln with IVS6-1G>A double heterozygous mutations, their corresponding FⅦ: C were 2.0%, 2.0%. Patient 3 had p.Arg337Cys homozygous mutation, FⅦ: C was 3.0%. CONCLUSION: A total of 5 different mutations were identified in 3 patients with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅶ deficiency, the p.His408Gln is a common mutation, the FⅦ: C and FⅦ: Ag have no correlation with clinical phenotypes.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator VII , Fator VII , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
15.
Anim Genet ; 50(4): 334-346, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199540

RESUMO

Overlapping runs of homozygosity (ROH islands) shared by the majority of a population are hypothesized to be the result of selection around a target locus. In this study we investigated the impact of selection for coat color within the Noriker horse on autozygosity and ROH patterns. We analyzed overlapping homozygous regions (ROH islands) for gene content in fragments shared by more than 50% of horses. Long-term assortative mating of chestnut horses and the small effective population size of leopard spotted and tobiano horses resulted in higher mean genome-wide ROH coverage (SROH ) within the range of 237.4-284.2 Mb, whereas for bay, black and roan horses, where rotation mating is commonly applied, lower autozygosity (SROH from 176.4-180.0 Mb) was determined. We identified seven common ROH islands considering all Noriker horses from our dataset. Specific islands were documented for chestnut, leopard spotted, roan and bay horses. The ROH islands contained, among others, genes associated with body size (ZFAT, LASP1 and LCORL/NCAPG), coat color (MC1R in chestnut and the factor PATN1 in leopard spotted horses) and morphogenesis (HOXB cluster in all color strains except leopard spotted horses). This study demonstrates that within a closed population sharing the same founders and ancestors, selection on a single phenotypic trait, in this case coat color, can result in genetic fragmentation affecting levels of autozygosity and distribution of ROH islands and enclosed gene content.


Assuntos
Tamanho Corporal , Cor de Cabelo , Cavalos/genética , Animais , Genética Populacional , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Homozigoto , Cavalos/classificação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
16.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 23(6): 401-408, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161821

RESUMO

Background and Aims: The genetic spectrum underlying familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) remains unclear, especially in northeastern China. The aim of this study was to delineate the FH genetic spectrum and identify specific characteristics of FH patients in this region. Materials and Methods: The family history, personal medical history, and lifestyle habits of two unrelated patients clinically diagnosed with homozygous FH were recorded. DNA samples of the patients and their relatives were subjected to a newly designed next-generation sequencing panel using an Illumina Miseq platform. Detected variants were annotated and functionally predicted with in silico algorithms, and protein structures were modeled. Results: The patients' cholesterol levels were effectively reduced to 33.8% and 17.2% of the original level under conventional ezetimibe and statin treatment. Two pathogenic mutations, W483X and the novel mutation W483G, in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene were identified. Both patients were heterozygous for the respective mutations. Under a high cholesterol/carbohydrate diet, these mutations could trigger a severe FH phenotype, but both patients responded well to regular medical treatments and dietary control. The W483X mutation results in a premature stop codon, leading to incomplete protein formation. Although the W483G mutation results in translation of the complete protein with no apparent structural difference, it still led to a severe FH phenotype similar to W483X. Conclusions: Identification of the novel W483G mutation expands the genetic spectrum of FH. Both mutations cause a severe FH phenotype under certain conditions, suggesting that W483 is important for LDLR function, highlighting potential targets for genetic screening or drug development.


Assuntos
Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II/genética , Receptores de LDL/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Criança , Colesterol/genética , LDL-Colesterol/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Erros de Diagnóstico , Família , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Linhagem
19.
Nat Med ; 25(6): 909-910, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160814

RESUMO

We use the genotyping and death register information of 409,693 individuals of British ancestry to investigate fitness effects of the CCR5-∆32 mutation. We estimate a 21% increase in the all-cause mortality rate in individuals who are homozygous for the ∆32 allele. A deleterious effect of the ∆32/∆32 mutation is also independently supported by a significant deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) due to a deficiency of ∆32/∆32 individuals at the time of recruitment.


Assuntos
Homozigoto , Mutação , Receptores CCR5/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Genéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Aptidão Genética , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
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