Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 31.455
Filtrar
1.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(1): 29-36, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920041

RESUMO

Heart transplantation remains undoubtedly the most effective treatment for end-stage heart failure, whatever its cause. Last decade has witnessed significant improvements in terms of morbidity and mortality following heart transplant. The 5-year survival rate is now beyond 70 %. However, the shortage of potential donors limits its use and requires strict criteria before listing a candidate for heart transplantation. Herein, we present a review of current indications and results of the heart transplantation program at the University hospital of Liège.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Transplante de Coração , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos
2.
Orv Hetil ; 161(1): 17-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884814

RESUMO

Introduction: Herbal medicine use has become widespread in recent years. This is the first study in Hungary evaluating the use of nutraceutical agents in patients undergoing elective surgery. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the types, frequency of use and predisposing factors of the most commonly used herbs among patients of an urban hospital and a university clinic. Method: We conducted an anonymous survey questionnaire at the Jávorszky Ödön Hospital and at the 1st Department of Surgery of Semmelweis University. A total of 1000 questionnaires were distributed. Results: In total, 612 questionnaires were returned. 34.3% of patients used herbal remedies, 19.6% of them two weeks prior to surgery. The most commonly used herbs were garlic, chamomile and lemongrass, while in the two-week period before surgery were garlic, ginger and rosehips. 58.5% of the patients had some type of co-morbidity; in this group, the use of herbal remedies was significantly more frequent. 64.4% of patients were expected to undergo general surgical intervention; in this group, the use of herbs was more popular. Analyzing the sociodemographic factors, women, people with a higher level of education, the ones that live in the capital and are over 60 years of age are more likely to use these compounds. Conclusion: One third of patients waiting for surgery used herbal remedies, one fifth of them two weeks prior to surgery. Only one fifth of the patients reported the use of these compounds to their doctors. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(1): 17-25.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Medicina Herbária , Fitoterapia , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Hungria , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Plantas Medicinais , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03486, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020393

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto das Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde no custo da hospitalização de crianças. Método Estudo de coorte, prospectivo, quantitativo, envolvendo crianças admitidas nas Unidades de Internação e de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica de um hospital universitário público. Os dados foram analisados por meio do software SPSS por distribuição de frequências, medidas de tendência central e dispersão. Para todas as análises foi considerado o nível de significância estatística de p<0,05. Resultados A amostra foi composta de 173 crianças, destas, 18,5% desenvolveram infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde, que aumentou em 4,2 vezes (p<0,001) o custo da hospitalização. Maior impacto de custo foi observado entre pacientes com dois ou mais sítios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) e sepse (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Crianças colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes, com prevalência de E. coli e A. baumannii ESBL, geraram custos maiores, R$ 35.206,15 e R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusão As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde aumentaram significativamente os custos da hospitalização de crianças, em especial entre aquelas com mais de dois sítios infecciosos, que desenvolveram sepse e colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el impacto de las Infecciones Relacionadas con la Asistencia Sanitaria en el costo de la hospitalización de niños. Método Estudio de cohorte, prospectivo, cuantitativo, involucrando a niños ingresados en las Unidades de Hospitalización y de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos de un hospital universitario público. Los datos fueron analizados mediante el software SPSS por distribución de frecuencias, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Para todos los análisis, se consideró el nivel de significación estadística de p<0,05. Resultado La muestra estuvo compuesta de 173 niños, de estos el 18,5% desarrollaron infección relacionada con la asistencia sanitaria, que aumentó 4,2 veces (p<0,001) el costo de la estancia hospitalaria. Mayor impacto de costo fue observado entre pacientes con dos o más sitios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) y sepsis (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Niños colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes, con prevalencia de E. coli y A. baumannii ESBL, generaron costos mayores, R$ 35.206,15 y R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusión Las infecciones relacionadas con la asistencia sanitaria aumentaron significativamente los costos de la hospitalización de niños, en especial entre los con más de dos sitios infecciosos, que desarrollaron sepsis y colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of Healthcare-Associated Infections on the hospitalization cost of children. Method A prospective, quantitative cohort study involving children admitted to the Inpatient and Pediatric Intensive Care Units of a public university hospital. The data were analyzed through SPSS software by frequency distribution, central tendency measures and dispersion. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05 for all analyzes. Results The sample consisted of 173 children, of whom 18.5% developed Healthcare-Associated Infections, which increased the hospitalization costs 4.2 times (p<0.001). A greater cost impact was observed among patients with two or more infectious sites (R$81,037.57; p=0.010) and sepsis (R$46,315.63; p<0.001). Children colonized by multiresistant microorganisms with a prevalence of E. coli and A. baumannii ESBL also generated higher costs of R$35,206.15 and R$30,692.52, respectively. Conclusion Healthcare-Associated Infections significantly increased the hospitalization costs for children, especially among those with more than two infectious sites, who developed sepsis or were colonized by multiresistant microorganisms.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Infecção Hospitalar , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Estudos de Coortes , Hospitais Universitários
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18036, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860954

RESUMO

Cullin 4A (CUL4A) is a protein of E3 ubiquitin ligase with many cellular processes. CUL4A could regulate cell cycle, development, apoptosis, and genome instability. This study aimed to analyze the expression of CUL4A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and the associations of CUL4A expression with prognostic significance. A total of 115 NPC patients were collected to assess the protein expression of CUL4A by immunohistochemistry, so as to analyze the relationships between CUL4A expression and clinicopathological and prognostic parameters. All patients were followed-up until death or 5 years. The results showed that high expression of CUL4A was significantly associated with larger primary tumor size (P = .026), higher nodal status (P = .013), more distant metastasis (P = .020), and higher TNM stage (P = .005). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that patients with higher CUL4A expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (both P < .001). In multivariate Cox analysis, CUL4A is an independent prognostic factor for OS (P = .016; hazard ratio [HR] = 2.770, 95% CI: 1.208-6.351) and PFS (P = .022; HR = 2.311, 95% CI: 1.126-4.743). In conclusion, high expression of CUL4A was associated with advanced disease status of NPC, and might serve as an independent prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Proteínas Culina/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 403-407, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024212

RESUMO

Introduction: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common otolaryngology procedures performed worldwide. It is also one of the first procedures learnt by residents during their training period. Although tonsillectomy is viewed relatively as a low-risk procedure, it can be potentially harmful because of the chance of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Objective: The objective of the present study is to analyze the effects of peroperative factors and experience of the surgeon on the incidence and pattern of posttonsillectomy reactionary hemorrhage. Methods: A retrospective review of medical charts was performed from 2014 to 2017 in a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1,284 patients who underwent tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy were included in the study. The parameters assessed were experience of the surgeon, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse rate. Results: A total of 23 (1.79%) out of the 1,284 patients had reactionary hemorrhage. Out of those 23, 16 (69.5%) patients had been operated on by trainees, while 7 (30.5%) had been operated on by consultants (p = 0.033, odds ratio [OR] = 0.04). Operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in MAP and pulse rate were significantly higher in the reactionary hemorrhage group, and showed a positive association with risk of hemorrhage (p < 0.05; OR >1). Re-exploration to control the bleeding was required in 10 (76.9%) out of the 23 cases. Conclusion: The experience of the surgeon experience and peroperative factors have an association with posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Close surveillance and monitoring of the aforementioned peroperative factors will help in the identification of patients at risk of hemorrhage (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tonsilectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Pulso Arterial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Duração da Cirurgia , Pressão Arterial , Hospitais Universitários , Período Intraoperatório
6.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 551-558, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853180

RESUMO

Introduction: As hypertension is a chronic cardiovascular disease that contributes to a high proportion of morbidity and mortality worldwide, favorable knowledge is crucial to control it. Objective: The objective of this study was thus to assess knowledge and associated factors of blood pressure control among hypertensive patients at the chronic illness follow-up Clinic of the University of Gondar comprehensive-specialized hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2018. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select participants. Bi-variable and multivariable logistic regressions were done to assess the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The adjusted odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval was used to determine the presence and strength of association between covariates and the outcome variable. Results: A total of 404 participants took part in the study with a response rate of 97.3%. The overall good knowledge about blood pressure control was 51.7% (95% CI=46.3-56.8). Females were 3.79 (AOR= 3.79, 95% CI: (1.55, 9.28)) more knowledgeable about blood pressure control than males. In the multivariable analysis, the odds of being knowledgeable were 2.80 (AOR= 2.80, 95% CI (1.44, 5.46)), 8.05 (AOR=8.05, 95% CI (2.93, 22.10)), and 7.53 (AOR=7.53, 95% CI (2.52, 22.49)) for can read and write, secondary, preparatory and above education, respectively, compared to cannot read and write. Occupation was significantly associated with the knowledge of plod pressure control. For example, merchants 7.66 (AOR=7.66, 95% CI (3.01, 19.47)), government employee 6.33 (AOR=6.33, 95% CI (1.90, 22.07)), and self-employed 4.58 (AOR=4.58, 95% CI (1.80, 11.70)) times more likely to be knowledgeable than farmers, respectively. Participants with family history of hypertension were 2.36 (AOR=2.36, 95% CI (1.42, 3.92)) times more knowledgeable than their counterparts. Conclusion: In this study, knowledge of blood pressure control was lower compared to the finding of a study done at Bishoftu hospital, Ethiopia. But it is higher than studies in other African countries. Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological awareness is vital for blood pressure control.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hospitais Universitários , Hipertensão/terapia , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 193, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692677

RESUMO

Introduction: Blood cultures are the best diagnostic tool for the detection of bacteremia. However, false positive results may lead to confusion about antibiotic regimens, putting the lives of patients at risk. The main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of coagulase negative Staphylococci (CoNS) as well as of Corynebacterium spp and Bacillus spp in the bags of blood culture analyzed in the microbiology laboratory at the Ibn-Rochd University Hospital in Casablanca. This prevalence was evaluated according to various Hospital Departments over the year 2016. Methods: We conducted a descriptive, retrospective study by analysing the computerized database of the Laboratory of bacteriology and virology at the Ibn-Rochd University Hospital in Casablanca over a 12-month period from 1st January to 31st December 2016. Our study focused on bacteria forming part of the commensal flora (coagulase negative Staphylococcus, Corynebacteria spp and Bacillus spp). The blood culture bags were incubated in the automated blood culture system (Bactec FX). The identification of the germs from a positive culture was performed according to the standard techniques of bacteriology and susceptibility testing was performed according to EUCAST 2015. We conducted an analysis of the computerized database of KALISIL system (Netika) version (2.2.10.) of the Microbiology Laboratory at the Ibn-Rochd University Hospital in Casablanca. Results: Out of 7959 requests for blood cultures obtained from 5801 patients addressed to the laboratory of bacteriology, 2491 were positive, of which 848, reflecting a rate of 34% of positive bags or 10.6% of the whole of bags received over the year 2016, were positive for coagulase negative Staphylococcus, 56 bags of blood cultures, reflecting a rate of 2.2%, were positive for Corrynébacteruim SP, followed by 60 bags of blood cultures, reflecting a rate of 2.4%, which were positive for Bacillus sp. The frequency of isolation of coagulase negative Staphylococcus compared to other bacteria according to Clinical Departments showed a higher frequency in the Paediatric Department (47.2%) followed by the Medicine Department (44.1%). Conclusion: This study shows that coagulase negative Staphylococci are the organisms most frequently isolated from blood cultures. They are a non-negligible cause of nosocomial infections, but they are also the most common blood culture contaminants.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Hemocultura , Coagulase , Infecção Hospitalar/diagnóstico , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus/enzimologia
8.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 198, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692732

RESUMO

Introduction: Epidemiology of these disorders, mainly caused by mycosis, is little known in the Ivory Coast. The aim of this study was to determine the different clinical aspects of intertrigos caused by fungal infections. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Department of Clinical Dermatology at the University Hospital in Yopougon (Abidjan, Ivory Coast) from April to October 2012. The study involved the patients come to consultation with lesions in the folds suggesting a mycosis. Samples of serous fluid by swabbing or of scales by scrape cutting with the scalpel blade were performed at the level of the lesions. The fungal agents responsible for these lesions were identified after biological culture. Results: A total of 200 patients had lesions suggesting intertrigo caused by fungal infection. The average age of patients was 29.8 years (with a standard deviation of 11.1 years). Mycosis-related intertrigos accounted for 6.7% of reasons for consultation. A female predominance was observed (76.7%). Lesions mainly occurred in the groin area (40.8%) and in the intergluteal clefts (36.9%). The most observed symptoms were maceration (52.4%) followed by burning (18.4%). In 89.3% of cases, intertrigos were caused by yeasts, including Candida albicans (33%), and Candida parapsilosis(19.4%) which were predominant. Conclusion: Mycosis-related intertrigos mainly affect the young adults of female sex. Lesions mainly occur at the level of the inguinal folds and intergluteal clefts. The main etiological agents are yeasts (Candida).


Assuntos
Candidíase/epidemiologia , Intertrigo/epidemiologia , Micoses/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase/microbiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Costa do Marfim , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Lactente , Intertrigo/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/microbiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
9.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 245, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692779

RESUMO

Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a technique allowing for intraoperative histologic assessment of surgical margin of malignant tumors. This study aims to highlight the role of MMS in the achievement of radical healing of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in our patients. We conducted a study of 29 patients with basal cell carcinoma of the face over a period of 5 years. The median age of patients was 45.8 years (12-80). The sex-ratio M/F was 1.23. One-stage surgical procedure was sufficient to obtain complete resection in 51% of cases. Three-stage surgical procedure was needed in 14% of the cases. The mean duration of one-stage surgical procedure was 1 hour. No complications were reported in the postoperative period and sequelae were simple. The aesthetic and functional result was satisfactory. No recurrence was noted. BCC accounts for approximately 80% of all skin cancers. The decision to use MMS to treat BCC is based on three variables: the seat and the size of the tumor, its histological appearance with the identification of resection margin and its recurrent nature. MMS is currently the most effective method in the treatment of BCC and allows maximum healthy tissue preservation. It is a safe and repeatable surgical procedure based on team work and adapted to the treatment of patients with BCC who are at high risk of recidivism. The aesthetic and functional results are satisfactory. Recurrence rate at 5 years is 10 times lower than with the other methods.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Neoplasias Faciais/cirurgia , Cirurgia de Mohs/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Criança , Neoplasias Faciais/patologia , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 257, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692822

RESUMO

Penile fracture is a rare urologic emergency, defined as a traumatic rupture of the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum. It mainly affects the young subjects during sexual intercourse. The purpose of this study was to report treatment outcomes in 6 patients with penile fracture observed in the Department of Urology-Andrology, Souro Sanou University Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso. The study involved six patients with an average age of 38.3 years admitted in the hospital with painful penile swelling (4 cases) and persistent urethrorragia (2 cases) after wrong coital movement or forced manipulation of the penis. Painful swelling of the penis with penis simulating the appearance of an aubergine was the main sign found. Treatment was based on evacuation of the intracavernous haematoma followed by albuginorraphy in 5 cases and conservative treatment in 1 case. All patients had an uneventful postoperative course.


Assuntos
Coito , Hematoma/etiologia , Pênis/lesões , Adulto , Burkina Faso , Hematoma/cirurgia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruptura , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 264, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693722

RESUMO

Introduction: The purpose of our study was to describe the epidemioclinical and ultrasonographic features of hydatidiform moles (HM) in Abidjan. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the Department of Radiology, University Teaching Hospital of Yopougon over a 6-year period (January 2011-December 2016). In this study we describe the epidemioclinical and ultrasonographic profile of patients with HM. Ultrasonographic exams were performed using a mixed-methods approach (intravaginal and subpubic) based on B-mode and Color Doppler by senior radiologists. Anatomopathological examination of uterine content was performed. Results: Out of 12190 obstetric ultrasound performed, twenty-five cases of HM were diagnosed reflecting a radiological referral rate of 0.2%. The average age of patients was 33.4 years, ranging from 22 to 50 years. There was no dominant age class. The main clinical signs associated with amenorrhea (100%) included abdominal mass 36% and vaginal bleeding 28%. Ultrasound showed hypertrophic uterus in 100% of cases, homogeneous uterus in 96% of cases and myomatous uterus in 4% of cases. MH had an average thickness of 42.7 mm with vesicular appearance in 68% of cases, "honeycomb" appearance in 16%, multicystic appearance in 12% and snowstorm appearance in 4%. MHs were classified as partial in 4% of cases, complete in 92% of cases and invasive in 4% of cases. Hypertrophic ovaries were found in 44% of cases with macrofollicles in 32% of cases and cysts in 8% of cases. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of HM was confirmed by anatomopathological examination in 100% of cases. Conclusion: HMs are rare in Abidjan and are dominated by the complete hydatidiform mole. Its occurrence at the extreme ages wasn't found.


Assuntos
Mola Hidatiforme/epidemiologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Costa do Marfim , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Mola Hidatiforme/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
12.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(9): 555-562, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184378

RESUMO

Introducción: La prevalencia de la desnutrición relacionada con la enfermedad en el hospital varía del 20 al 50%. La utilización de herramientas de cribado debe ser el primer paso en la prevención y el tratamiento de los pacientes en riesgo de desnutrición o desnutridos. Objetivos: Implantar un método de cribado nutricional al ingreso en el ámbito de un hospital terciario. Métodos: La Unidad de Nutrición elaboró un protocolo de detección precoz del riesgo nutricional y eligió el NRS 2002 como herramienta de cribado. El protocolo fue aprobado por la Comisión de Protocolos y Procedimientos del hospital y difundido en la intranet. El NRS 2002 se incluyó en el programa de prescripción de dietas para su realización por parte del personal de enfermería de las unidades de hospitalización y como sistema de comunicación directo con la Unidad de Nutrición. Se diseñaron 3 fases para la implantación: fase de pilotaje, fase de implantación y fase de consolidación. Resultados: En la fase de pilotaje se implantó el NRS 2002 en 2 unidades de hospitalización para monitorizar el software. La fase de implantación se realizó en las mismas unidades y se verificaron todos los protocolos de actuación relacionados con el mismo. La fase de consolidación consistió en ir ampliando sucesivamente las unidades de hospitalización con el protocolo implantado. Conclusiones: La implantación de un cribado nutricional al ingreso hospitalario es un proceso largo y complejo, con la implicación de muchos estamentos. El programa informático ha posibilitado que la realización del mismo sea rápido, sencillo y automatizado, y que el resultado del cribado llegue inmediatamente al personal de enfermería de la unidad de Nutrición y se activen los protocolos de actuación de la misma


Introduction: Prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in hospitals ranges from 20%-50%. Use of nutritional screening tools should be the first step in the prevention and treatment of patients at risk of malnutrition and/or undernourished. Aims: To implement a nutritional screening tool at admission to a tertiary hospital. Methods: The nutrition unit prepared a protocol for early detection of nutritional risk and selected the NRS 2002 as screening tool. The protocol was approved by the hospital committee of protocols and procedures and disseminated through the intranet. NRS 2002 was included in the diet prescription software to be implemented by the nursing staff of the hospital wards and as a direct communication system with the nutrition unit. Three phases were designed: pilot phase, implementation phase, and consolidation phase. Results: The pilot phase, NRS 2002 was implemented in 2 hospital units to monitor software. The implementation phase was carried out in the same units, and all action protocols related to it were verified. The consolidation phase consisted of sequential extension of the protocol to the other hospital units. Conclusions: Implementation of nutritional screening at hospital admission is a long and complex process that requires involvement of many stakeholders. Computer software has allowed for a rapid, simple, and automatic process, so that the results of the screening are immediately available to the nursing staff of the nutrition unit and activate the nutritional protocols when required


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Desnutrição/terapia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hospitais Universitários , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Programas de Triagem Diagnóstica/normas , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Tempo de Internação
13.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(3): 030705, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624458

RESUMO

Introduction: Inappropriate laboratory retesting can be addressed by implementing minimum retesting intervals (MRI). The aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of the implemented MRI protocol for inpatients. Materials and methods: Minimum retesting intervals were applied for 53 laboratory tests. The overall reduction of test requests, reduction in charges and reagent cost savings, frequency of MRI alert appearance as well as the rate of MRI acceptance and ignorance were calculated for a one-year period. Reasons for violating the MRI rule, hospital departments that contributed mostly to MRI rule violation, and the frequency of MRI violations between routine and emergency laboratory were evaluated. Results: During the one-year period, 106,780 requests violated the MRI rule, which corresponds to 14.8% of all requests received. 13,843 requests were cancelled, yielding a 1.9% reduction of requested tests. High-volume tests, namely complete blood count, C-reactive protein, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase and total bilirubin, accounted for 65% of all generated alerts and had the highest alert ignorance (>85%). The highest cancellation rate was observed for tumor markers and autoimmunity tests, for most being at least 50%. Annual charge reduction was 62,641 EUR while reagent cost savings were 11,408 EUR. Tests performed in the emergency laboratory had a higher alert appearance than the same routine tests. The most common reason for MRI violation was clinical justification based on the patient's condition. Most frequently ignored MRI alerts were in the intensive care unit. Conclusion: MRI implementation showed limited effectiveness in reducing testing repetition and achieving financial savings, yet provided the basis for future improvements.


Assuntos
Serviços de Laboratório Clínico , Croácia , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Laboratórios
14.
Rev Infirm ; 68(254): 32, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587849

RESUMO

The inauguration of a fitness path at the Carémeau University Hospital Campus was an opportunity for teams at the Nîmes University Hospital Centre to participate in an inter-service Nordic walking challenge. It was an opportunity to discover a particular sporting discipline, promote team cohesion in services and enjoy physical activity in a friendly atmosphere.


Assuntos
Exercício , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Relações Interprofissionais , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , França , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos
15.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 108(14): 923-930, 2019.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662109

RESUMO

Integrated Complex Treatment for Extreme Anorexia Nervosa; An Interdisciplinary Treatment Concept of the University Hospital Zurich Abstract. The serious physical mental and psychosocial morbidity due to anorexia nervosa is often perceived by sufferers as less serious than from their environment. Doctors and other healthcare professionals are therefore confronted with the difficulty that urgent medical treatment is considered as unnecessary or even threatening by those affected. Although patients with anorexia nervosa usually wish to improve their condition, they are usually only able to tolerate treatment aimed at normalizing eating behavior and gaining weight in response to high external pressure. In view of this situation, an interdisciplinary team with experience in these treatments is required to treat these patients. Close cooperation is necessary to ensure a supporting treatment framework.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Ganho de Peso
16.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 32(2): 57-64, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664294

RESUMO

Lack of communication between the medical and dental professions impacts healthcare quality, especially in hospitals. Different authors have described the oral status of inpatients. Following that line of research, the current study set the following aims: to characterize the dynamics of medical-dental healthcare interaction at a university hospital and to describe oral status and identify need for dental treatment in a sample of 150 inpatients at a hospital in Buenos Aires City, Argentina.A descriptive study was conducted on patients who were referred to dentistry by their physicians. The following variables were surveyed: personal data, medical history, oral health status, need for dental treatment and oral self-care habits.Patient median age was 60 years, 60.7% were male, 68.7% had diseases of the circulatory system, average number of medications per day was 7, of which 28.1% were for the cardiovascular system. Seventy percent of the referrals came from the Cardiology Service and 48% were requested for preoperative evaluation. Percentage of visible plaque was 73.6% and bleeding on probing 75.4%. DMFT was 19.9; 57.3% of patients had periodontal pockets deeper than 4 mm, and 97.2% required surgery, endodontic or prosthetic rehabilitation treatments. The frequency of daily brushing decreased during hospitalization: 28.7% reported not brushing daily and only 5.3% reported brushing 3 times a day. Referrals to dentistry came mainly from the cardiology service in pre-surgical situations. Inpatients presented high levels of oral pathology and need for dental treatment.


Assuntos
Relações Interprofissionais , Saúde Bucal , Padrões de Prática Médica , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Comunicação , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(4): 416-421, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a condition of unknown origin, histologically similar to classic lichen planopilaris and generally observed in postmenopausal women with alopecia of the frontal-temporal hairline. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, dermatoscopic, and histopathological characteristics and the treatment used in patients who have frontal fibrosing alopecia at the Alopecia Outpatient Clinic in a university hospital. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study performed by reviewing medical charts and biopsies of the scalp. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were analyzed, all of them female, 93.75% of them postmenopausal, and 56.25% brown-skinned. All had frontal alopecia (100%), followed by temporal alopecia (87.5%) and madarosis (87.5%). On dermatoscopy, perifollicular erythema and tubular scales were found as a sign of disease activity. Of the patients, 68.75% had associated autoimmune diseases, including lupus, thyroid disease and vitiligo. Of the 13 biopsies from 8 patients, 10 showed microscopic aspects compatible with frontal fibrosing alopecia. Laboratory tests did not show major abnormalities and minoxidil was the most used treatment. STUDY LIMITATION: Data collection limited by the study's retrospective design associated to flaws while filling in the medical charts and absence in standards to the collection and processing of the pathology and histopathological examination. CONCLUSIONS: A demographical, clinical, and histopathological description of 16 patients diagnosed with frontal fibrosing alopecia, which remains a challenging disease, of unknown origin, and frequently associated with autoimmune diseases. This study reinforces literary findings. However, more research is needed to establish the pathogenesis and effective treatments.


Assuntos
Alopecia/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alopecia/tratamento farmacológico , Biópsia , Dermoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Fibrose , Folículo Piloso/patologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Couro Cabeludo/patologia
18.
Am J Disaster Med ; 14(2): 113-119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637692

RESUMO

Mass casualty incident (MCI) can occur at any time and place and health care institutions must be prepared to deal with these incidents. Emergency department staff rarely learn how to triage MCI patients during their medical or nurse degrees, or through on-the-job training. This study aims to evaluate the effect of training and experience on the MCI triage performance of emergency personnel. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional prospective study that analyzed the performance of 94 emergency department staff on the triage classifications of 50 trauma patients, before and after a short training in MCI triage, while taking into account their academic background and work experience. RESULTS: The participants were assigned initially to one of two groups: low experience if they had less than 5 years of practice, and high experience if they had more than 5 years of practice. In the low experience group, the initial accuracy was 45.76 percent, over triage 45.84 percent, and subtriage 8.38 percent. In the high experience group, the initial accuracy was 53.80 percent, over triage 37.66 percent, and sub triage 8.57 percent. POSTINTERVENTION RESULTS: In the low experience group, the post intervention accuracy was 63.57 percent, over triage 21.15 percent, and subtriage 15.30 percentage. In the high experience group, the postintervention accuracy was 67.66 percentage, over triage 15.19 percentage, and subtriage 17.14 percentage. CONCLUSION: Upon completion of this study, it can be concluded that MCI triage training significantly improved the performance of all those involved in the workshop and that experience plays an important role in MCI triage performance.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Planejamento em Desastres/normas , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Socorristas/educação , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/educação , Triagem/normas , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação Educacional , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Auxiliares de Emergência/educação , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(5): 311-317, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184120

RESUMO

Objetivos. El diagnóstico correcto de la sepsis en urgencias es clave para iniciar el tratamiento de forma adecuada. Para ello, se han estudiado múltiples biomarcadores que podrían ser de utilidad. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar la capacidad diagnóstica de presepsina en sangre, en comparación con procalcitonina (PCT), proteína C reactiva (PCR) y lactato, para predecir sepsis o shock séptico según la definición de Sepsis-3. El objetivo secundario fue valorar la capacidad de estos biomarcadores para predecir bacteriemia, independientemente del diagnóstico final de sepsis o shock séptico. Método. Estudio prospectivo de cohorte observacional, realizado en un único servicio de urgencias (SU) de un hospital universitario. Se incluyeron pacientes con sospecha clínica de infección y al menos dos criterios de síndrome de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica. En todos los pacientes se determinó en sangre presepsina, PCT, PCR y lactato en el momento de la visita en el SU. Resultados. Se analizaron 359 pacientes, de los que 228 (63,5%) presentaban criterios de sepsis y 20 (5,6%) de shock séptico. PCT y presepsina fueron los mejores biomarcadores para predecir la sepsis/shock séptico con un área bajo la curva (ABC) de la capacidad operativa del receptor (ROC) de 0,711 (IC 95% 0,660-0,758; p < 0,001) y 0,709 (IC 95% 0,658-0,756; p < 0,001). La PCR obtuvo una ABC de 0,635 (IC 95% 0,582-0,686; p < 0,05), y el lactato una ABC de 0,61 (IC 95% 0,556-0,661; p < 0,05). Se utilizó un punto de decisión de 0,25 ng/ml para PCT y de 500 pg/ml para presepsina. La odds ratio de presepsina para predecir sepsis fue de 3,19 (IC 95% 1,91-5,31) y para PCT de 2,51 (IC 95% 1,53-4,12). El diagnóstico de sepsis/shock séptico no mejoró al combinar presepsina y PCT (el ABC-ROC fue de 0,714, IC 95% 0,66-0,76; p < 0,001) en comparación con PCT aislada. La PCT fue el predictor más preciso de bacteriemia en pacientes con infección con un ABC-ROC de 0,835 (IC 95% 0,79-0,87; p < 0,001). Conclusión. La presepsina y la PCT son los biomarcadores con mejor rendimiento para el diagnóstico de sepsis y shock séptico en el SU


Objectives. An accurate diagnosis of sepsis in the emergency department must be made before appropriate treatment can be started. Many biomarkers that are potentially useful have been studied. The main aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of blood levels of presepsin, lactate, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) for predicting sepsis as defined by the Sepsis-3 criteria. The secondary aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers for predicting bacteremia whether or not sepsis or septic shock was present. Methods. Single-center, prospective, observational cohort study in the emergency department of a university hospital. Consecutive patients suspected of having infection were enrolled prospectively if they had at least 2 criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We measured presepsin, PCT, CRP, and lactate in blood extracted on admission. Results. Blood samples from 359 patients were analyzed; 228 (63.5%) met the criteria for sepsis and 20 (5.6%) met the criteria for septic shock. PCT and presepsin levels were the best predictors of sepsis and septic shock with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.711 (95% CI, 0.660-0.758) and 0.709 (95% CI, 0.658-0.756), respectively (P<.001, both comparisons). The AUCs for CRP and lactate concentrations were, respectively, 0.63 (95% CI, 0.58-0.69) and 0.61 (95% CI, 0.56-0.66) (P<.05, both comparisons). On applying the diagnostic cut points of 0.25 ng/mL for PCT and 500 pg/mL for presepsin, the odds ratios were 2.51 (95% CI, 1.53-4.12) for PCT and 3.19 (95% CI, 1.91-5.31) for presepsin. The diagnostic accuracy of the combination of presepsin and PCT results (AUC, 0.71; 95% CI 0.66-0.76; P<.001) was no better than the accuracy of PCT alone. The most accurate predictor of bacteremia was PCT (AUC, 0.835; 95% CI, 0.79-0.87; P<.001). Conclusion. Presepsin and PCT seem to be the best predictors of a diagnosis of sepsis or septic shock in emergency department patients


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Choque Séptico/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Pró-Calcitonina/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Hospitais Universitários , Curva ROC
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 130, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558929

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer is a public health problem that affect women more than men. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological and histopathological features of gynecological malignancies in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of histologically proven gynecological cancers over a 10-year period (2008-2017) in the Gynecology and Pathological Anatomy Departments of the University Teaching Hospital of Yaoundé. Results: A total of 682 cancers were identified among which, 342 gynecological cancers, for an overall frequency of 50.1% and an annual frequency of 34.2 cases on average. There was a trend suggesting an increase annual frequency over time. The cervix was the most frequent location with 182 cases (53.2%); followed by breast with 96 cases (28.1%); endometrium with 33 cases (9.7%) and ovaries 15 cases (4.4%). These patients were on average 51.9±13.7 years old, mostly housewives (56.8%), married (60.4%), multiparous (61.3%) and referred (62.6%). Histopathologically, cervical cancer was predominantly squamous cell carcinoma (86.8%), invasive (80.9%) and well differentiated (45.5%). For breast cancers, the majority were ductal carcinomas (78.1%), invasive (92%), and histological grade SBR II (50.6%). The most common histopathological types of endometrial and ovarian cancer were adenocarcinoma (72.2%) and serous cystadenocarcinoma (46.7%), respectively. Conclusion: Gynecological cancers are common. Screening is expected to increase at 30 years for cervical cancer and start at age 40 with mammography for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Camarões/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA