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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; oct. 1, 2020. 22 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1121896

RESUMO

Durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, el Ministerio de Salud ha implementado estrategias para garantizar el continuo de la atención de los pacientes, entre las cuales se encuentran el abastecimiento continuo y permanente de medicamentos de personas con enfermedades no transmisibles, por medio de la entrega de medicamentos domiciliar, traslado domiciliar de pacientes para realizar procedimientos y consultas, telemedicina y atención de emergencias entre otros. Lo anterior con el objetivo de disminuir las complicaciones de las principales enfermedades prevalentes en la población salvadoreña


During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Health has implemented strategies to guarantee the continuity of patient care, among which are the continuous and permanent supply of medicines for people with non-communicable diseases, through the home delivery of medications, home transfer of patients to perform procedures and consultations, telemedicine and emergency care, among others. The above with the aim of reducing the complications of the main prevalent diseases in the Salvadoran population


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Hospitais
2.
J Healthc Eng ; 2020: 8857553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-841226

RESUMO

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a powerful nonparametric engineering tool for estimating technical efficiency and production capacity of service units. Assuming an equally proportional change in the output/input ratio, we can estimate how many additional medical resource health service units would be required if the number of hospitalizations was expected to increase during an epidemic outbreak. This assessment proposes a two-step methodology for hospital beds vacancy and reallocation during the COVID-19 pandemic. The framework determines the production capacity of hospitals through data envelopment analysis and incorporates the complexity of needs in two categories for the reallocation of beds throughout the medical specialties. As a result, we have a set of inefficient healthcare units presenting less complex bed slacks to be reduced, that is, to be allocated for patients presenting with more severe conditions. The first results in this work, in collaboration with state and municipal administrations in Brazil, report 3772 beds feasible to be evacuated by 64% of the analyzed health units, of which more than 82% are moderate complexity evacuations. The proposed assessment and methodology can provide a direction for governments and policymakers to develop strategies based on a robust quantitative production capacity measure.


Assuntos
Leitos/provisão & distribução , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Leitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Engenharia Biomédica , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Alocação de Recursos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22174, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-841113

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is challenging health care systems worldwide, raising the question of reducing the transplant program due to the shortage of intensive care unit beds and to the risk of infection in donors and recipients.We report the positive experience of a single Transplant Center in Rome, part of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, one of the major national centers involved in the COVID-19 emergency.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália
4.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240421, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the microbial loading in aerosols produced after air-puff by non-contact tonometer (NCT) as well as the effect of alcohol disinfection on the inhibition of microbes and thus to provide suggestions for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in ophthalmic departments of hospitals or clinics during the great pandemics. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in this study. A NIDEK NCT was used for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement for patients who visited Department of Ophthalmology in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University during March 18-25 2020. After ultra-violate (UV) light disinfection, the room air was sampled for 5 minutes. Before and after alcohol disinfection, the air samples and nozzle surface samples were respectively collected by plate exposure method and sterile moist cotton swab technique after predetermined times of NCT air-puff. Microbial colony counts were calculated after incubation for 48 hours. Finally, mass spectrometry was performed for the accurate identification of microbial species. RESULTS: Increased microbial colonies were detected from air samples close to NCT nozzle after air-puff compared with air samples at a distance of 1 meter from the nozzle (p = 0.001). Interestingly, none microbes were detected on the surface of NCT nozzle. Importantly, after 75% alcohol disinfection less microbes were detected in the air beside the nozzle (p = 0.003). Microbial species identification showed more than ten strains of microbes, all of which were non-pathogenic. CONCLUSION: Aerosols containing microbes were produced by NCT air-puff in the ophthalmic consultation room, which may be a possible virus transmission route in the department of ophthalmology during the COVID-19 pandemic. Alcohol disinfection for the nozzle and the surrounding air was efficient at decreasing the microbes contained in the aerosols and theoretically this prevention measure could also inhibit the virus. This will give guidance for the prevention of virus transmission and protection of hospital staff and patients.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Ar , Álcoois/química , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Desinfetantes/química , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Tonometria Ocular/métodos , Aerossóis/química , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais , Humanos , Oftalmologia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22174, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031261

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is challenging health care systems worldwide, raising the question of reducing the transplant program due to the shortage of intensive care unit beds and to the risk of infection in donors and recipients.We report the positive experience of a single Transplant Center in Rome, part of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani, one of the major national centers involved in the COVID-19 emergency.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transplante de Fígado/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália
8.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 139, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health workers (HWs) are at increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and a possible source of nosocomial transmission clusters. Despite the increased risk, the best surveillance strategy and management of exposed HWs are not yet well known. The aim of this review was to summarize and critically analyze the existing evidence related to this topic in order to support public health strategies aimed at protecting HWs in the hospital setting. MAIN TEXT: A comprehensive computerized literature research from 1 January 2020 up to 22 May 2020 was made to identify studies analyzing the burden of infection, risk assessment, surveillance and management of HWs exposed to SARS-CoV-2. Among 1623 citation identified using MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar and manual search, we included 43 studies, 14 webpages and 5 ongoing trials. Health workers have a high risk of acquiring infection while caring for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. In particular, some types exposures and their duration, as well as the inadequate or non-use of personal protective equipment (PPE) are associated with increased infection risk. Strict infection prevention and control procedures (IPC), adequate training programs on the appropriate use of PPE and close monitoring of HWs with symptom surveillance and testing are essential to significantly reduce the risk. At the moment there is not enough evidence to provide precise indications regarding pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). CONCLUSIONS: During the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, numerous published papers investigated the epidemiology, risk assessment and prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2. However, more high-quality studies are needed to provide valid recommendations for better management and for the clinical and microbiological surveillance of healthcare personnel.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Bases de Dados Factuais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Hospitais , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3379, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand how professional interaction takes place in the hospital organizational structure for the management of Permanent Education in Health, to guarantee patient safety and the quality of nursing care. METHOD: this is a qualitative study, which used the structuralist aspect of the Grounded Theory as a methodological framework. 27 interviewers participated in the study, who made up four sample groups. RESULTS: six categories and 13 subcategories were presented, representing the studied phenomenon and highlighting particularities of the public health system and the influence of the manager's support and management priority, the disposition of the organizational structure, the institutional culture, the external encouragement to institution, and the nurses' initiative and leadership in the professional interaction for the management of the Permanent Education in Health, patient safety, and quality of care triad, revealing the need for cultural change through interdisciplinarity. CONCLUSION: the professional interaction in the hospital organizational structure requires the creation of new management models with an emphasis on more participative management, in order to improve the care processes in hospital institutions.


Assuntos
Liderança , Segurança do Paciente , Hospitais , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
J Healthc Eng ; 2020: 8857553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029339

RESUMO

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a powerful nonparametric engineering tool for estimating technical efficiency and production capacity of service units. Assuming an equally proportional change in the output/input ratio, we can estimate how many additional medical resource health service units would be required if the number of hospitalizations was expected to increase during an epidemic outbreak. This assessment proposes a two-step methodology for hospital beds vacancy and reallocation during the COVID-19 pandemic. The framework determines the production capacity of hospitals through data envelopment analysis and incorporates the complexity of needs in two categories for the reallocation of beds throughout the medical specialties. As a result, we have a set of inefficient healthcare units presenting less complex bed slacks to be reduced, that is, to be allocated for patients presenting with more severe conditions. The first results in this work, in collaboration with state and municipal administrations in Brazil, report 3772 beds feasible to be evacuated by 64% of the analyzed health units, of which more than 82% are moderate complexity evacuations. The proposed assessment and methodology can provide a direction for governments and policymakers to develop strategies based on a robust quantitative production capacity measure.


Assuntos
Leitos/provisão & distribução , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Leitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Engenharia Biomédica , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Alocação de Recursos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
13.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 158-163, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017954

RESUMO

Information about a patient's state is critical for hospitals to provide timely care and treatment. Prior work on improving the information flow from emergency medical services (EMS) to hospitals demonstrated the potential of using automated algorithms to detect clinical procedures. However, prior work has not made effective use of video sources that might be available during patient care. In this paper we explore the use convolutional neural networks (CNNs) on raw video data to determine how well video data alone can automatically identify clinical procedures. We apply multiple deep learning models to this problem, with significant variation in results. Our findings indicate performance improvements compared to prior work, but also indicate a need for more training data to reach clinically deployable levels of success.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Algoritmos , Hospitais , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
14.
Brasília, D.F.; OPAS; 2020-10-19. (OPAS-W/BRA/PHE/COVID-19/20-123).
em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-52872

RESUMO

A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) convida seus Estados Membros, serviços de saúde e outras entidades para contribuírem com a OMS na vigilância de dados clínicos de casos de pacientes hospitalizados com COVID-19, a fim de melhorar o entendimento global sobre a apresentação clínica dessa doença. A análise de dados clínicos padronizados e anônimos do mundo todo é essencial para o desenvolvimento de diretrizes baseadas em evidências para o manejo clínico da COVID-19 e para subsidiar respostas de saúde pública.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Hospitais , Epidemias , Pandemias , Gestão de Recursos da Equipe de Assistência à Saúde
15.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(3): 128-135, 30-09-2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122400

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analisar o processo de produção e execução do protocolo de cirurgia segura em dois hospitais terciários do município de Manaus. Método: Pesquisa guiada pelo design thinking, com ênfase na técnica do duplo diamante, realizada em dois hospitais públicos no município de Manaus, de julho de 2018 a março de 2019. Foi feita nas etapas: investigativa (observação e questionário) e interventiva (síntese, ideação e entrega). Resultados: Na primeira etapa, com 120 horas de observação, constatou-se que as três fases do protocolo não foram cumpridas; analisando-se as repostas a 63 questionários, reforçou-se a não adesão ao checklist. Com base nesses achados, na etapa de síntese, elegeu-se como foco a aplicação do checklist do protocolo; na etapa de ideação, realizou-se a proposição de solução e a testagem-piloto; a etapa de entrega da solução aos hospitais encerrou o ciclo. Conclusão: A análise do processo de execução do protocolo indicou seu descumprimento, o que sugere o comprometimento da segurança do paciente. A solução testada poderá, após entrega e implementação, contribuir para a execução efetiva do protocolo.


Objective: To analyze the process of elaboration and implementation of the surgical safety checklist in two tertiary hospitals in the city of Manaus. Method: This study was based on design thinking, focusing on the double diamond technique. It was conducted in two public hospitals in Manaus, from July 2018 to March 2019. The following stages were adopted for this research: investigation (observation and questionnaire) and intervention (synthesis, ideation, and delivery). Results: The first stage, consisting of 120 hours of observation, showed the non-fulfillment of the three phases of the process. After analyzing the answers to the 63 questionnaires, we confirmed the non-adherence to the checklist. Based on these findings, the synthesis phase focused on the use of the checklist; the ideation phase involved the proposal of solutions and the pilot testing; the delivery phase concluded the cycle by providing solutions to the hospitals. Conclusion: The analysis of the process of implementation of the checklist indicated non-compliance, suggesting risk to patient safety. After delivery and implementation, the tested solution may contribute to the effective execution of the checklist.


Objetivo: Analizar el proceso de producción y ejecución del Protocolo de Cirugía Segura en dos hospitales terciarios de la ciudad de Manaus. Método: Investigación guiada por Design Thinking, con énfasis en la técnica Double Diamond, llevada a cabo en dos hospitales públicos de la ciudad de Manaus, desde julio de 2018 hasta marzo de 2019. Se realizó por etapas: de investigación (observación y cuestionario) e intervencionista (síntesis, ideación y entrega). Resultados: En la primera etapa, con 120 horas de observación, se encontró que las tres fases del protocolo no se cumplieron; En base a las respuestas a 63 cuestionarios, se reforzó la no adhesión a la lista de verificación. Con base en estos hallazgos, en la etapa de síntesis, la aplicación de la lista de verificación del protocolo fue elegida como el foco; en la etapa de ideación, se llevaron a cabo la propuesta de solución y la prueba piloto;La etapa de entrega de la solución a los hospitales finalizó el ciclo. Conclusión: El análisis del proceso de ejecución del protocolo indicó incumplimiento, lo que sugiere comprometer la seguridad del paciente. La solución probada puede, después de la entrega y la implementación, contribuir a la ejecución efectiva del protocolo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cirurgia Geral , Lista de Checagem , Segurança do Paciente , Protocolos , Hospitais , Hospitais Públicos
16.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(3): 143-150, 30-09-2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122494

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar quais são e como são gerenciados os indicadores utilizados pelos enfermeiros que atuam em centro cirúrgico. Método: Estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, realizado no período de outubro de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. A amostra foi composta de conveniência, com enfermeiros de centros cirúrgicos brasileiros que responderam a um questionário com 53 questões. A análise de dados foi realizada por meio de estatística descritiva e teste estatístico χ2, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Os indicadores mais gerenciados pelos enfermeiros foram: quantidade de cirurgias canceladas (81,6%), taxa de infecção do sítio cirúrgico (78,5%) e ocupação de salas cirúrgicas por mês (69,6%). Observou-se diferença significante da gestão dos indicadores entre hospitais com e sem avaliação externa de qualidade, nos quesitos treinamentos (p=0,000) e compartilhamento dos resultados com as equipes (p=0,000), que se mostraram iguais para dificuldade em utilizar a ferramenta (p=0,803). Conclusão: Apesar de os indicadores serem monitorados pelos enfermeiros e os hospitais com avaliação externa apresentarem melhores resultados em alguns itens de gerenciamento e uso de indicadores, as instituições ainda precisam investir no aprimoramento dos profissionais e na gestão da ferramenta.


Objective: To identify the indicators used by nurses working in the operating room and how they are managed. Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional, and quantitative study, carried out from October 2018 to February 2019. The sample was a convenience sample, with nurses from Brazilian operating rooms who answered a questionnaire with 53 questions. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and χ2 statistical test with a significance level of 5%. Results: The indicators most managed by nurses were: number of surgeries canceled (81.6%), infection rate of the surgical site (78.5%), and occupation of operating rooms per month (69.6%). There was a significant difference in the management of indicators between hospitals with and without external quality assessment, in terms of training (p=0.000) and sharing the results with the teams (p=0.000), which proved to be equal for the difficulty in using the tool (p=0.803). Conclusion: Although the indicators are monitored by nurses and hospitals with external assessment show better results in some items of management and use of indicators, institutions still need to invest in the improvement of professionals and the management of the tool.


Objetivo: identificar los indicadores utilizados por las enfermeras que trabajan en el quirófano y cómo se gestionan. Método: Estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo, realizado entre octubre de 2018 y febrero de 2019. La muestra fue por conveniencia, compuesta por enfermeras de centros quirúrgicos brasileños que respondieron un cuestionario con 53 preguntas. El análisis de los datos se realizó mediante estadística descriptiva y prueba estadística de χ2, con un nivel de significación del 5%. Resultados: Los indicadores más manejados por las enfermeras fueron: número de cirugías canceladas (81,6%), tasa de infección del sitio quirúrgico (78,5%) y ocupación de quirófanos por mes (69,6%). Hubo una diferencia significativa en el manejo de los indicadores entre hospitales con y sin evaluación de calidad externa, en términos de capacitación (p=0,000) y el intercambio de resultados con los equipos (p=0,000), mostrando lo mismo para la dificultad en el uso de la herramienta (p=0,803). Conclusión: Aunque los indicadores son monitoreados por enfermeras y hospitales con evaluación externa, muestran mejores resultados en algunos ítems de gestión y uso de indicadores, las instituciones aún necesitan invertir en la mejora de los profesionales y en el manejo de la herramienta.


Assuntos
Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas , Centros Cirúrgicos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Hospitais
17.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(3): 151-158, 30-09-2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122702

RESUMO

Objetivo: Determinar o perfil de geração e mensurar os custos dos materiais utilizados no gerenciamento de resíduos de serviços de saúde em um centro cirúrgico. Método: Trata-se de pesquisa exploratória, descritiva, com abordagem quantitativa, na modalidade estudo de caso. O local foi o Centro Cirúrgico do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo. A amostra estratificada foi de 1.120 cirurgias, e os resíduos foram pesados por 82 dias. Resultados: Os resíduos do Centro Cirúrgico representaram 6,38% do total hospitalar. O grupo mais representativo foi A-infectantes (50,62%). A média de geração foi de 3,72 kg por cirurgia. A sala de operação foi o local que mais gerou resíduos (55,93%), e as cirurgias buco-maxilares as que mais geraram resíduos, em termos de massa. O custo de um quilo foi: Grupo A (R$ 1,10), Grupo B (R$ 5,70), Grupo D Reciclado (R$ 0,96), Grupo D Não Reciclado (R$ 1,01) e Grupo E (R$ 3,23). Conclusão: O custo total médio por cirurgia foi de R$ 8,641, e sua redução depende da negociação de compra dos itens de consumo que tiveram maior representatividade nos custos.


Objective: To determine the waste generation profile and measure the costs of materials used in medical waste management in a surgical site. Method: This is an exploratory-descriptive survey, with a quantitative approach, in the case study modality. The site was the surgical site of the University Hospital of Universidade de São Paulo. The stratified sample was of 1,120 surgeries, and the waste was weighed for 82 days. Results: The surgical site waste accounted for 6.38% of the total hospital waste. The most representative group was A-infectious (50.62%). The mean generation was 3.72 kg per surgery. Most of the waste was generated in the operating room (55.93%), and oral maxillary surgeries generated most of the waste in terms of mass. The cost per kilo was: Group A (R$ 1.10), Group B (R$ 5.70), Group D Recycled (R$ 0.96), Group D Nonrecycled (R$ 1.01) and Group E (R$ 3.23). Conclusion: The mean total cost per surgery was R$ 8.641, and its reduction depends on strategies of purchasing consumable supplies that had greater impact on costs.


Objetivo: Determinar el perfil de generación y medir los costos de los materiales utilizados en la gestión de los Residuos De Los Servicios De Salud en un Centro Quirúrgico. Método: Esta es una investigación exploratoria, descriptiva, con un enfoque cuantitativo, en la modalidad de estudio de caso. El sitio fue el Centro Quirúrgico del Hospital Universitario de la Universidad de São Paulo. La muestra estratificada fue de 1.120 cirugías y los residuos se pesaron durante 82 días. Resultados: Los residuos del Centro Quirúrgico representaron el 6,38% del total del hospital. El grupo más representativo fue A-infeccioso (50,62%). La generación promedio fue de 3,72 kg por cirugía. El quirófano fue el lugar que generó la mayor cantidad de residuos (55,93%) y las cirugías orales-maxilares las que generaron la mayor cantidad de residuos, en términos de masa. El costo de un kilo fue: Grupo A (R$ 1,10), Grupo B (R$ 5,70), Grupo D Reciclado (R$ 0,96), Grupo D No Reciclado (R$ 1,01) y Grupo E (R$ 3,23). Conclusión: El costo total promedio por cirugía fue de R$ 8,641 y su reducción depende de la negociación de compra de los artículos de consumo que tuvieron mayor representatividad en los costos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cirurgia Geral , Centros Cirúrgicos , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Resíduos , Custos e Análise de Custo , Hospitais , Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
18.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(3): 171-178, 30-09-2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122816

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar, na literatura científica, as atividades do enfermeiro que atua no centro de material e esterilização. Método: Trata-se de revisão integrativa da literatura, com busca nas bases de dados Scopus, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), PubMed e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS). Os descritores utilizados foram esterilização/sterilization, competência profissional/professional competence e central supply hospital associados às palavras-chave enfermeiro/nurse e central sterile supply. Encontraram-se 1.330 artigos, dos quais 11 foram selecionados para compor a amostra. Resultados: Evidenciaram-se pontos centrais referentes ao trabalho do enfermeiro, como gerenciamento do setor e desenvolvimento de atividades educativas, além dos desafios enfrentados, como não reconhecimento e desvalorização, falta de preparo e de educação permanente, riscos ocupacionais, carga horária de trabalho excessiva, má remuneração e desgastes físico e mental. Conclusão: Foi possível contextualizar e compreender as atividades e os principais desafios delas decorrentes no desenvolvimento do trabalho do enfermeiro no centro de material e esterilização, contribuindo, dessa forma, para a divulgação, o reconhecimento e a reflexão a respeito da referida temática.


Objective: To identify in the scientific literature the activities of nurses who work in the sterile processing department. Method: This is an integrative literature review performed by searching the databases Scopus, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), PubMed, and Virtual Health Library (VHL). The descriptors used were esterilização/sterilization, competência profissional/professional competence, and central supply hospital associated with the keywords enfermeiro/nurse and central sterile supply. We found 1,330 articles and selected 11 of them to compose the sample. Results: Key aspects related to nurses' work stood out, such as sector management and development of educational activities, as well as the challenges faced by these professionals, including nonrecognition and underappreciation, lack of preparation and continuing education, occupational risks, excessive workload, low wages, and physical and mental exhaustion. Conclusion: We could contextualize and understand the activities and their main resulting challenges related to the development of nurses' work in the sterile processing department, thus contributing to the dissemination, recognition, and reflection on this theme.


Objetivo: Identificar, en la literatura científica, las actividades de enfermeros que trabajan en el Centro de Material y Esterilización. Método: Esta es una revisión de literatura integradora, que busca en las bases de datos SCOPUS, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS); Biblioteca científica en línea electrónica (SCIELO), PubMed y biblioteca virtual de la salud (BVS). Los descriptores utilizados fueron esterilización/sterilization, competencia profesional/professional competence, asociados a las palabras clave enfermeiro/nurse y centro de suministros estériles/central sterile supply. Se encontraron 1.330 artículos, de los cuales 11 fueron seleccionados para componer la muestra. Resultados: se evidenciaron puntos centrales relacionados con el trabajo de la enfermera, como la gestión del sector y el desarrollo de actividades educativas, además de los desafíos enfrentados, como la falta de reconocimiento y apreciación, la falta de preparación y educación permanente, los riesgos laborales, la carga de trabajo excesiva, mal pago y agotamiento físico y mental. Conclusión: fue posible contextualizar y comprender las actividades y los principales desafíos derivados de ellas en el desarrollo del trabajo de la enfermera en el centro de materiales, contribuyendo así a la difusión, reconocimiento y reflexión sobre este tema.


Assuntos
Humanos , Esterilização , Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Competência Profissional , Saúde , Hospitais
19.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(705): 1613-1617, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914592

RESUMO

Differential blood count is an excellent complementary test to complete blood count, which allows analysis of the white cell differentiation and their morphologic particularity. As the tendency currently leads to targeted laboratory analysis, differential blood count provides a diagnostic and prognostic value in many clinical situations, notably in patients with an infection. Based on clinical cases, this article reviews the different white blood cell lines to provide key points for interpretation of qualitative and quantitative anomalies encountered in the daily hospital practice.


Assuntos
Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucócitos/citologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Hospitais , Humanos , Prognóstico
20.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 627-632, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the front-line medical workers from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) designated hospitals in Wuhan for the bereaved family members and to provide the basis for proper hospital management strategies. METHODS: The convenience sampling method was applied to select 422 medical workers who kept touch with the bereaved family members in five COVID-19 designated hospitals in Wuhan from January to February 2020. Questionnaire regarding grief counseling attitudes and questionnaire regarding grief counseling skills were used to evaluate the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in medical workers. The scores of grief counseling attitudes and skills in group of different characteristics were further compared. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in medical workers. RESULTS: The scores of grief counseling attitudes in medical workers were 15-46 (33.00±9.31). Length of service, professional title, whether or not receiving relevant training, frequency of contact with bereaved family members contributed to impacting the medical workers' attitudes of grief counseling (all P<0.05). The scores of grief counseling skills in medical workers were 9-30 (19.30±4.42). Length of service, professional title, religion, whether or not receiving relevant training, frequency of contact with bereaved family members contributed to impacting the medical workers' skills of grief counseling (all P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the medical workers (r=0.608, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the medical workers from COVID-19 designated hospitals in Wuhan still need to be improved. Grief counseling group and a long-term, comprehensive training system are recommended.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Aconselhamento , Pesar , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , China , Hospitais , Humanos , Pandemias
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