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1.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 26(suppl 1): 79-108, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994682

RESUMO

This article investigates how the santas casas de misericórdia charitable associations in the state of São Paulo were subsidized by the municipal, provincial, and state governments at the turn of the twentieth century. Budget appropriations from 1838 to 1915 were examined to evaluate these charitable grants as well as the growth in funding during this period. While a care network created with strong state backing, it was put into action by philanthropic assistance. This network of hospital care retained the same format until at least the first third of the twentieth century, and included misericórdia establishments created within the interior of the state of São Paulo.


Assuntos
Instituições de Caridade/história , Política de Saúde/história , Hospitais/história , Brasil , Orçamentos/história , Instituições de Caridade/economia , Instituições de Caridade/legislação & jurisprudência , Economia Hospitalar/história , Financiamento Governamental/história , Governo/história , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
4.
Harefuah ; 158(1): 4-6, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663284

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Hillel Yaffe Medical Center began its journey sixty years ago. Since its early days, the hospital's dedicated teams have struggled to bridge the gaps between limited resources and their uncompromising desire to meet patients' needs. Today, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center possesses more than five hundred beds in approximately eighty departments and units and dozens of ambulatory clinics. The Medical Center serves a population of half a million residents, with forecasts pointing to unprecedented growth, due to vast construction in the area and the settlement of the new city of Harish. In addition to the devoted care of patients, the other pillars of excellence in medicine, namely research and teaching, are actively developing. Hillel Yaffe is affiliated with the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, and many of its physicians have academic appointments, owing to their dedication to scientific research and academic teaching, in addition to excellence in clinical practice. Research laboratories located in the medical center are operated by physicians and scientists, enabling them to conduct studies in basic science. Academic teaching and research are also practiced by nurses and other practitioners. The Hillel-Yaffe School of Nursing, affiliated with Tel Aviv University, has recently won the Ministry of Health Star Program for its high achievements. This issue is dedicated to articles written by Hillel Yaffe Medical Center's physicians in a variety of fields.


Assuntos
Hospitais , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Hospitais/história , Humanos , Israel
6.
J Med Biogr ; 27(2): 102-108, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28092491

RESUMO

This study concentrates on two monumental Ottoman pious endowments, each with a major component devoted to healing. The first is the hospital of the Haseki Mosque Complex built by the wife of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. An examination of the deed and the modus operandi of this endowment will impart a sense of the role that women of the ruling class played in Ottoman society as builders and healers in the sixteenth century. The analysis of the Haseki Hospital will be followed by an examination of the hospital that is part of the Suleymaniye Mosque Complex built by Sultan Suleyman. The differences between the two perspectives in the promotion of public health will be emphasized, arguing that the Sultan's approach to healthcare was academic and research-oriented, whereas his wife's was holistic and devoted to rehabilitation. The endowment deeds and the physical layouts of the two hospitals shed light upon a dual approach to healthcare with gender-specific roles affirmed and shaped by Hurrem and Suleyman the Magnificent, who each built hospitals of their own in Istanbul, the Ottoman capital city.


Assuntos
Hospitais/história , História do Século XVI , Império Otomano , Turquia
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 22(24): 8569-8573, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575895

RESUMO

In 1896 the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute was inaugurated in Bologna, an important hospital whose history is strictly connected with the development of the orthopedic discipline in Italy. The aim of this manuscript was to retrace the history of the institution by analyzing the work of the main personalities who have contributed to making the Italian Orthopedic Institute still famous in the world today.


Assuntos
Hospitais/história , Ortopedia/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Itália
8.
Uisahak ; 27(2): 151-184, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30287722

RESUMO

The Korean Empire, its state sovereignty threatened by the Empire of Japan, joined the Geneva Conventions in 1903 for the purpose of neutral diplomacy and established the imperial Korean Red Cross Hospital in 1905. This hospital was a result of the effort of the Korean Empire to seek a new medical system based on the Western medicine. However, after the Russo-Japanese War, Japan interfered straightforwardly in the domestic affairs of Korea and eventually abolished the Korean Red Cross Hospital in 1907 to create Daehan Hospital under Japanese colonial rule. With newly-found historical records, this study investigates the whole process of the Korean Red Cross Hospital, which has remained unknown so far, despite its importance. From the very beginning, the Korean Red Cross Hospital was under strong influence of the Empire of Japan. The site for the hospital was chosen by a Japanese army doctor, Junryo Yoshimoto, and the construction was supervised by Rokuro Katsumata, who also later on are involved in the construction of Daehan Hospital. Moreover, all the main positions for medical treatments were held by Japanese practitioners such as Goro Tatami and Kaneko Yano. Nevertheless, the Korean government had to shoulder the all operating costs. The office of the Korean Red Cross was relocated away from the Korean Red Cross Hospital, and the government of the Korean Empire was not willing to burden the expenses of the Hospital. Moreover, the list of employees of the Korean Red Cross and that of the Korean Red Cross Hospital were drawn up separately: the former is left only in Korea and the latter in Japan. These facts suggest that those two institutes were managed dualistically unlike any other nation, implying that this may have been a means to support the Daehan Hospital project. According to the statistics, health care services in the Korean Red Cross Hospital seems to have been carried out successfully. There had been an increase in the number of patients, and the ratio of female patients was relatively high (26.4%). Only Western medications were prescribed and surgical operations with anesthesia were performed routinely. The approach to Western medicine in Korea was changing during that period. The rise and fall of the Korean Red Cross Hospital represent the urgent situation of the Korean Empire as well as the imperialistic methodology of the Empire of Japan to use medicine as a tool for colonization. Although the transition process of medical policy by the Japanese Resident-General of Korea still remains to be fully elucidated, this paper contributes to a better understanding of the history of modern medicine in Korea.


Assuntos
Colonialismo/história , Hospitais/história , Cruz Vermelha/história , História do Século XX , Japão , República da Coreia
9.
Assist Inferm Ric ; 37(3): 149-157, 2018.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30303196

RESUMO

. The nurses of the Ospedale Maggiore of Milan during the First World War. Peace, rights and dignity of work. INTRODUCTION: During the First World War the Hospitals of the big cities had to care for the people injured in the war places. To face this challenge, important changes in the internal organization had to be implemented. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the First World War changed the working conditions of the nurses on duty at the Ospedale Maggiore and to contribute to outline the professional identity during the years of the conflict. METHODS: The correspondence between the female nursing staff and the hospital administration in the time span between from 1915 to 1918 was examined. The documents were retrieved in the historical archive of the Ospedale Maggiore from November 2017 to march 2018 and were analyzed through the methodology of historic research according to Chabod. RESULTS: During the First World War the nurses asked the hospital administration for changes of their working conditions, which had become unbearable because of the conflict. They obtained improvements concerning: a reduction in nightshift work hours, the employment of 86 nurses to guarantee a day off every ten days, replacement of staff in case of absence, increase in salary, paid sick leave. CONCLUSIONS: The nurses of the Ospedale Maggiore of Milan during the First World War, hoping for peace, stood out for their diligence in the care of the sick both civilians and militaries. Besides, they managed to obtain the recognition of they rights and dignity in the workplace.


Assuntos
História da Enfermagem , Hospitais/história , Enfermagem/normas , I Guerra Mundial , História do Século XX , Direitos Humanos , Itália
11.
Nutr. hosp ; 35(n.extr.5): 19-25, sept. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181603

RESUMO

Introducción: los estudios sobre la transición nutricional española (TNE) hasta mediados del siglo xx se basaban en estimaciones indirectas y muy agregadas del consumo que no permiten conocer aspectos importantes de aquel proceso. Objetivo: mostrar las nuevas posibilidades de estudio que proporcionan las dietas hospitalarias y proponer nuevos indicadores de la TNE a partir de las estimadas en el Hospital Provincial de Valencia (HPV) y en el Hospital Sant Jaume de Olot (HSJO) entre 1900 y 1936. Método: calculamos el consumo de alimentos y nutrientes de pacientes y empleados en aquellos hospitales y en diferentes subgrupos de población del primero. Contrastamos nuestros resultados con los obtenidos para España en el artículo anterior de este suplemento. Resultados: las dietas hospitalarias contribuyeron a difundir alimentos estratégicos de la TNE: primero, leche, huevos y carne fresca, y después, pescado fresco, verduras y frutas. La difusión de estos alimentos, sin embargo, fue desigual entre la población y no redujo con la misma intensidad los déficits en la ingesta de macronutrientes y micronutrientes. Conclusiones: las dietas hospitalarias confirman la mejora del estado nutricional de la población española en las décadas anteriores a la Guerra Civil y el papel pionero que tuvieron las instituciones sanitarias en este proceso. No obstante, también muestran diferentes cronologías en la reducción de los déficits de importantes nutrientes entre grupos de edad y estatus socioeconómico


Introduction: studies about the Nutritional Transition in Spain (NTS) until the mid-20th century are based on direct, and heavily aggregated, consumption estimates, a methodology that obscures important aspects of this process. Objective: to show the new possibilities of study opened by the analysis of hospital diets and to suggest new NTS indicators based on the menus provided by the Hospital Provincial in Valencia (HPV) and the Hospital Sant Jaume in Olot (HSJO), between 1900 and 1936. Method: we have calculated food and nutrient consumption among patients and hospital staff as well as among different groups of the population, and compared the results thus obtained with those calculated for the whole of Spain in the previous article in this supplement. Results: hospital menus contributed to disseminate certain strategic foodstuffs for the NTS: milk, eggs and fresh meat first, and fish, vegetables and fruit later. The public dissemination of these foodstuffs was, however, uneven, and deficits in the intake of micro- and macro-nutrients intake decreased at different paces, according to social group. Conclusions: hospital diets confirm that nutrition in Spain improved in the decades that preceded the Civil War, as well as the pioneering role that sanitary institutions played in this process. The data also suggests that the process operated at different paces in the reduction of deficits in the intake of certain nutrients according to age groups and socio-economic status


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XX , Dieta/história , Hospitais/história , Fatores Socioeconômicos/história , Serviço Hospitalar de Nutrição/história , Valor Nutritivo , Espanha
12.
Nutr Hosp ; 35(Spec No5): 19-25, 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30067046

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: studies about the Nutritional Transition in Spain (NTS) until the mid-20th century are based on direct, and heavily aggregated, consumption estimates, a methodology that obscures important aspects of this process. OBJECTIVE: to show the new possibilities of study opened by the analysis of hospital diets and to suggest new NTS indicators based on the menus provided by the Hospital Provincial in Valencia (HPV) and the Hospital Sant Jaume in Olot (HSJO), between 1900 and 1936. METHOD: we have calculated food and nutrient consumption among patients and hospital staff as well as among different groups of the population, and compared the results thus obtained with those calculated for the whole of Spain in the previous article in this supplement. RESULTS: hospital menus contributed to disseminate certain strategic foodstuffs for the NTS: milk, eggs and fresh meat first, and fish, vegetables and fruit later. The public dissemination of these foodstuffs was, however, uneven, and deficits in the intake of micro- and macro-nutrients intake decreased at different paces, according to social group. CONCLUSIONS: hospital diets confirm that nutrition in Spain improved in the decades that preceded the Civil War, as well as the pioneering role that sanitary institutions played in this process. The data also suggests that the process operated at different paces in the reduction of deficits in the intake of certain nutrients according to age groups and socio-economic status.


Assuntos
Dieta/história , Hospitais/história , Fatores Socioeconômicos/história , Alimentos , Serviço Hospitalar de Nutrição/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , População , Espanha
13.
Nutr Clin Pract ; 33(5): 598-613, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30137646

RESUMO

Technologic advances in the past century have led to the ability to safely deliver parenteral nutrition (PN) to hospitalized patients. Key breakthroughs included the development of saline and glucose infusions, infusion pumps, macronutrients (lipids, dextrose, and amino acids), and central venous catheters. In the 1960s, centrally delivered PN was performed in short-term hospitalized patients by Lincoln James Lawson (North Staffordshire Royal Infirmatory, United Kingdom) and long-term patients by Stanley Dudrick (University of Pennsylvania, United States). These early studies showed that a system was needed that would allow patients with intestinal failure to be discharged from the hospital and receive home PN (HPN). In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Belding Scribner, Maurice Shils, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Marvin Ament, Dudrick, and their teams discharged patients from the hospital who then self-administered HPN. Shortly after these early cases of HPN, multidisciplinary centers were established first in North America, and later in Europe, to manage these complex cases. The current article describes the patients treated by these early HPN pioneers, in addition to subsequent case series reported by them and others.


Assuntos
Enteropatias/história , Nutrição Parenteral no Domicílio/história , Nutrição Parenteral Total/história , Animais , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/história , Europa (Continente) , História do Século XX , Hospitais/história , Humanos , Bombas de Infusão/história , Enteropatias/terapia , Intestinos , América do Norte , Alta do Paciente
14.
World Neurosurg ; 120: 100-111, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30096505

RESUMO

In 1929 the surgeon N. N. Burdenko and the neurologist V. V. Kramer founded the first neurosurgical clinic in Moscow, which gained the status of Neurosurgery Institute in 1932. It went through a difficult path of military and peaceful years, overcoming all kinds of obstacles. It was constantly developed, built, and upgraded as it evolved to the National Medical Research Center for Neurosurgery. The history of the center is reviewed in this article, highlighting the notable personalities that have influenced the development of neurologic surgery and its scientific background in the Russian Federation.


Assuntos
Hospitais/história , Neurocirurgia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Federação Russa , Terminologia como Assunto
15.
Cult. cuid ; 22(51): 63-80, mayo-ago. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175668

RESUMO

El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer el área de cirugía del Hospital de las Cinco Llagas y el conjunto de personas que trabajaban en él, principalmente, las enfermeras de cirugía desde 1500 a 1808. En cuanto a la metodología, la primera fase del estudio comprendió una revisión archivística de fuentes primarias de diversos archivos y bibliográfica de fuentes secundarias para conocer el estado de la cuestión. Acto seguido se he procedido a interpretar y analizar los datos. Los resultados principales nos indican que esta área sólo recibía a mujeres heridas, que eran internadas en la sala de cirugía, llamada de San Juan, donde recibían el cuidado de la madre cirujana y sus doncellas quienes seguían las prescripciones dadas por el cirujano. Los instrumentos manejados en esta área eran las vendas, pinzas, jeringas, tijeras, cuchillos, sierras, hierros para cauterizar e incluso un instrumento ginecológico llamado el speculum matricis. Los resultados indican que este hospital podría ser un reflejo del desarrollo de la cirugía y de su personal en los hospitales castellanos de la Edad Moderna. Área que se encontraría bastante estructurada a fines del siglo XVI en el que destaca el binomio cirujano y enfermera de cirugía y el papel crucial que desempeño esta última en la atención del herido en un hospital castellano


The objective of this work is to know the area of surgery of the Hospital of the Five Wounds and the group of people who worked there, mainly, the surgical nurses from 1500 to 1808. Regarding the methodology, the first phase of the study included an archival review of primary sources of diverse archives and bibliographic of secondary sources to know the state of the question. Then, I proceeded to interpret and analyze the data. The main results indicate that this area only received wounded women, who were admitted to the surgery room, called San Juan, where they received the care of the surgeon mother and her maids who followed the prescriptions given by the surgeon. The instruments handled in this area were bandages, tweezers, syringes, scissors, knives, saws, irons to cauterize and even a gynecological instrument called the speculum matricis. The results indicate that this hospital could be a reflection of the development of the surgery and its personnel in the Castilian hospitals of the Modern Age. Area that would be quite structured at the end of the 16th century, in which the binomial surgeon and surgery nurse stand out and the crucial role that the latter plays in the care of the injured in a Spanish hospital


O objetivo deste trabalho é conhecer a área de cirurgia do Hospital das Cinco Llagas e o conjunto de pessoas que trabalhou em ele, principalmente, as enfermeras de cirurgia desde 1500 a 1808. En cuanto à metodologia, a primeira fase do estudo incluída uma revisão arquivística de fontes primarias de diversos arquivos e bibliografia de fontes secundarias para conhecer o estado da questão. Acto seguiu se ele procedeu a interpretar e analizar os dados. Os resultados principais nos indican que esta área só recebemos as mulheres heridas, que eram internadas na sala de cirurgia, a chamada de San Juan, onde recebemos o cuidado da mãe cirujana e as criadas que seguiam as prescrições dadas pelo cirujano. Os instrumentos manejados em esta área eram as vendas, pinzas, jeringas, tijeras, cuchillos, sierras, hierros para cauterizar e inclusive um instrumento ginecológico chamado the speculum matricis. Os resultados indican que este hospital podem ser um reflexo do desenvolvimento da cirurgia e do pessoal nos hospitais da Edad Moderna. Área que é encontrada bastante estruturada a finais do século XVI em que se destaca o binômio cirujano e enfermagem de cirurgia e papel crucial que desempenhar esta última na atenção do herido em um hospital castellano


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/história , Enfermagem de Centro Cirúrgico/história , Hospitais/história , Espanha
16.
Infection ; 46(5): 731-732, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29992523

RESUMO

Films are useful for medical education and introduce Science fiction movies or historic documentaries and pioneering scientists who developed the field of infectious disease research. Between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, expert talents such as von Behring, Koch, and Ehrlich were present at the Charité Hospital. These individuals contributed significantly to the scientific study of infections, their prevention, treatment, and social impact. Here, we compare the relative impact of infectious disease research centers during the study period (late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries) by assuming that the number of publications listed on Wikipedia about the individual scientists working in London, Paris, and Berlin is Poisson distributed. We show that using reference counts that appear after individuals' names on Wikipedia is a useful tool to assess the impact of centers of excellence in the study of infectious diseases. However, the accumulation of talent in Berlin during a relatively short period, even though historically the protagonists did not interact or support each other, lead to greater advances in the treatment and prevention of infections in humans than the work of individuals such as Pasteur in Paris or Lister in London.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/história , Doenças Transmissíveis/história , Hospitais/história , Filmes Cinematográficos/história , Berlim , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
17.
Neurol India ; 66(4): 1133-1140, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30038106

RESUMO

The trials and trepidations of an emerging department, uncertainties of its survival midway through its course, the innovative ideas that initiated its development, a regimental discipline, addition of newer technological advances with changing times, and its blossoming as the one of the best departments in the region, mark the origin and development of the Department of Neurosurgery at Andhra Medical College (AMC) and King George Hospital (KGH) Visakhapatnam. AMC and KGH are getting ready to celebrate their centenary in 2023. This history of the department is derived from the knowledge of the immense effort and academic discipline that was required to bring it to its current stature. Dr. Sunkara Balaparameswara Rao (SBP Rao) established the Neurosurgical Unit at the AMC and the KGH, Visakhapatnam on 2nd April 1956. He has had the unique privilege of witnessing the entire history of the department, from the inception till today, which represents 60 years of continuous progress of the department after its establishment. He also took a very active role in organizing its Diamond Jubilee function held on 23rd September 2016. The first author of this article has also had the privilege of witnessing and being a part of the history of the department during the past half a century. This is a narration of what may be better termed 'the (hi) story of 60 years of Neurosurgery at AMC and KGH', Visakhapatnam, India.


Assuntos
Hospitais/história , Neurocirurgia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Índia
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