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1.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 75, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout is one of the most extensively studied phenomena of the twenty-first century; which has been extensively studied among helping professions, although it can be broadened to several other types of occupation. Based on our knowledge and literature search, no similar studies have been carried out among postal workes to date. METHODS: This cross-sectional questionnaire-based epidemiological study was carried out between May 2021 and January 2022 in five counties in Hungary with the recruitment of postal delivery workers focusing on (1) the prevalence of burnout among postal delivery workers; (2) including the role of demographic parameters, duration of employment as well as the presence of secondary employment; (3) and also analyzed the role of several risk factors and medical conditions; (4) and we also examined the possible association between depression, insomnia and quality of life and burnout. RESULTS: Overall 1300 questionnaires were successfully delivered and 1034 responses received (response rate of 79.5%). Three hundred sixty-eight males (35.6%) and six hundred sixty-six females (64.4%) participated in our study. The prevalence of burnout was 50.8% (525/1034) in this study population (mean score 2.74 ± 0.33). Logistic regression analysis showed that female gender [OR = 2.380, 95% CI: 1.731 to 2.554], first workplace [OR = 1.891, 95% CI: 1.582 to 2.162] and working more than 30 years [OR = 1.901, 95% CI: 1.608 to 2.326] have significantly increased the likelyhood of burnout as well as the history of muscoskeletal pain [OR = 1.156, 95% CI: 1.009 to1.342], current quality of life [OR = 1.602, 95% CI: 1.473 to 1.669] and the presence of sleep disturbance [OR = 1.289, 95% CI: 1.066 to 1.716]. CONCLUSION: This is the first study in Hungary to investigate the prevalence of burnout among postal workers and to explore the relationship between burnout and mental health problems. Our study underlines the clinical importance of burnout and draws attention to the need for appropriate prevention and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Qualidade de Vida , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Hungria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Esgotamento Psicológico , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 78, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within the last decades, a substantial number of reports have established bullying behaviours as a severe risk to the health and safety of workers. However, in Hungary, the severity of this issue remains largely unknown. Therefore, the current study aimed to 1) determine the prevalence of offensive workplace behaviours in the Hungarian working population and 2) examine the relationship between exposure to these offensive behaviours and certain mental health indicators. METHODS: The cross-sectional analyses of the present study are based on a sample of 13,104 active workers being representative of the Hungarian working population according to gender, age, educational level, and 18 occupational sectors. The mid-length version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II) was used to measure workplace offensive behaviours (bullying, sexual harassment, threats of violence, and physical violence) in the 12 months preceding the survey. Examined mental health correlates included depressive symptomatology (Beck Depression Inventory), functional somatic symptoms (PHQ-15), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale), and general well-being (WHO Well-being Index). RESULTS: Almost half (48.7%) of the sample reported exposure to some form of offensive behaviour; 37.6% of participants reported occasional-, while 11.1% reported weekly or daily exposure. More women than men were exposed to offensive workplace behaviours, and those targeted the most were individuals aged 18-29 and in companies employing 20-49 employees. Top managers reported the lowest amount of bullying, while unskilled labourers reported the most frequent exposure. A moderately strong relationship was discovered between exposure to workplace offensive behaviours and all indicators of mental health. CONCLUSION: Workplace bullying was revealed to be a significant public health concern according to this large, representative data set from Hungary. Strategies to reduce the occurrence and impact of these behaviours on employee health should be a priority for occupational health and safety interventions.


Assuntos
Bullying , Saúde Mental , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Hungria/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Bullying/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
3.
Orv Hetil ; 164(4): 148-155, 2023 Jan 29.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709437

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Congenital aniridia is a rare disease, characterised by the complete or partial absence of the iris, but lesions may be present in all structures of the eye. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of ocular diseases in congenital aniridia by analyzing patients from a Hungarian centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients at the Department of Ophthalmology of Semmelweis University, examined between October 2005 and May 2022, have been included. After taking the patients' medical history, a detailed ophthalmological examination has been performed. RESULTS: Of the 82 patients in the database, 33 (age 25.69 ± 17.49 [5-59] years, 17 females [51.51%]) presented for examination and 65 eyes were examined. Nystagmus was found in 45 eyes of 23 patients (69.23%), and the patients' uncorrected distance visual acuity was 0.14 ± 0.128 (0.9 logMAR; 0.63-0.005). The aniridia-associated keratopathy was Grade 0 in 8 eyes (12.3%), Grade 1 in 10 eyes (15.38%), Grade 2 in 16 eyes (24.62%), Grade 3 in 4 eyes (6.15%) and Grade 4 in 25 eyes (38.46%). 30 eyes (46.15%) of 15 patients had secondary glaucoma, 6 eyes (9.2%) of 3 patients were glaucoma suspect. 8 eyes (12.3%) had a clear lens, 44 eyes (67.69%) had cataract, of which 22 (33.84%) were anterior cortical polar cataracts. 13 eyes (20%) were pseudophakic (PCL) and 7 eyes (10.77%) had lens dislocation or zonular insufficiency. Macular hypoplasia was found in 6 eyes of 3 patients (4.6%) and optic nerve head malformation in 2 eyes of 1 patient (3.03%). CONCLUSION: The ocular signs of congenital aniridia are aniridia-associated keratopathy, secondary glaucoma, cataract, macular and optic nerve head hypoplasia. Systematic collaboration of different ophthalmological specialties is required for the management and care of all these ocular abnormalities. Orv Hetil. 2023; 164(4): 148-155.


Assuntos
Aniridia , Catarata , Doenças da Córnea , Glaucoma , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Hungria/epidemiologia , Aniridia/complicações , Aniridia/epidemiologia , Aniridia/genética , Glaucoma/complicações , Transtornos da Visão
4.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 82: 102306, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Hungarian National Cancer Registry (HNCR) was legally established as a population-based cancer registry in 1999, and its operation started in 2000 supporting the planning and development of the Hungarian oncology network as well as informing national cancer control policies. Ensuring comparable, accurate, and complete data on malignant and in situ neoplasms is critical in determining the applicability of the database. The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive evaluation of the data quality at the HNCR. METHODS: Based on qualitative and semiquantitative methods from current international guidelines, we assess the comparability, completeness, validity, and timeliness of the collected data over the diagnostic period 2000-2019, with a focus on the year 2018. RESULTS: Coding practices and the classification system used at the HNCR are based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), which differs from the internationally recommended ICD-O. The annual trends in incidence did not indicate major fluctuations, that may have resulted from data collection discrepancies, while comparisons of the mortality-to-incidence ratio (M:I) compared with 1 minus 5-year observed survival indicated some systematic differences requiring further exploration. The age-standardized (European standard) incidence rate per 100 000 measured by the HNCR in 2018 was very high: 647.9 for men and 501.6 for women, 11.6% and 14.6% higher than the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) estimates respectively. Behind the overall differences between the two data sources, we identified that the vast majority were due to ill-defined ICD codes: malignant neoplasm of other and ill-defined sites (C76), and malignant neoplasm without specification of site (C80). Otherwise, there were no major discrepancies by localization. The proportion of morphologically verified cancer cases was 57.8% overall, that of death certificates was 2.3%, and that of unknown primary tumors was 1.4%. CONCLUSION: Further implementations and interventions are required to ensure that the operations, coding practices, and the classification system used at the national registry are in accordance with international standards, and to increase the completeness and validity of the collected cancer data. In particular, the low morphologically verified proportion questions the overall accuracy of the stated diagnoses within the database. Nevertheless, our examination implies that the data of the HNCR are reasonably comparable, and without doubt fulfill the requirements to support national oncology services and cancer planning. However, most importantly, a review of registry personnel and resource requirements to run the national population-based cancer registry should be an essential part of Hungary's national cancer strategy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas , Neoplasias , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Hungria/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Coleta de Dados , Incidência
5.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 31(4): 377-384, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma has risen faster than almost any other type of cancer in the last 50 years. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation and genetic susceptibility are the most important risk factors. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the epidemiologic indicators of melanoma in Hungary, a country with an estimated population of 9.8 million and an area of 93 030 km2. METHODS: Anonymized patient records from the National Health Insurance Fund Management covering the entire population were used to determine the incidence and prevalence of melanoma in the counties of Hungary from 2013 to 2017. Altogether 20 030 melanoma cases were identified for inclusion in this study. RESULTS: The prevalence of melanoma increased over the investigated period and was significantly higher among women than men. The incidence of melanoma stagnated during this period and the incidence rate was the highest among the elderly. Interestingly, the incidence was higher in males in the elderly population, while the incidence was higher in females in the younger (<60 years) population. Geographical variations in ambient UV radiation did not show statistically significant correlation with the regional variability of epidemiologic indicators, probably due to small differences in the number of bright sunshine hours per year between regions. Although Hungary is a relatively small country, we observed regional heterogeneity in socioeconomic factors. Notably, a significant and strong negative correlation was found between single-person household rates and melanoma prevalence. CONCLUSION: In addition to ambient UV radiation, melanoma incidence and prevalence appear to be related to age, gender and socioeconomic factors.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Melanoma/etiologia , Melanoma/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 22262, 2022 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36564451

RESUMO

The development of effective, safe, and acceptable vaccines is a long process. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy continues to elicit mixed reactions among different quarters despite numerous evidence of their effectiveness. This study aimed to determine the availability and acceptance rates of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, among Kenyan and Hungarian residing populations and the underlying reasons contributing to the hesitancy of uptake. A non-probability, snowball sampling design was employed, and a survey questionnaire tool link was expeditiously disseminated. Data were carefully analyzed descriptively. Demographic variables, COVID-19 awareness, possible exposure, reasons associated with hesitancy in taking up a vaccine, choice of a vaccine, and availability of vaccines among other important variables were tested to explore their associations with vaccine acceptance rates between the two distinct countries. A total of 1960 participants were successfully enrolled in the research study, while 67 participants were excluded based on the inclusion criterion set. There was, however, no significant difference in COVID-19 public awareness between the Kenyan and Hungarian-residing participants, p = 0.300. Of the respondents, 62.4% were willing and ready to receive vaccines against COVID-19 disease. There was a significant difference (p = 0.014) between the Kenyan and Hungarian-residing respondents concerning vaccine uptake and acceptance rates. The vaccine acceptance rates in Hungary were higher than in Kenya, with mean = 0.27, SD = 0.446, S. E = 0.045 for the Hungarian population sample and mean = 0.40, SD = 0.492, S. E = 0.026, for the Kenyan sample respectively. Concerning gender and vaccine acceptance, there was a notable significant difference between males and females, p = 0.001, where the mean for males and females were 0.29 and 0.46 respectively. Acceptance rates among males were higher than among females. The functions of One-Way ANOVA and Chi-square were used to establish any significant differences and associations between means and variables respectively. Concerns regarding the safety, efficacy, and accuracy of information about the developed vaccines are significant factors that must be promptly addressed, to arrest crises revolving around COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, especially in Kenya and among females in both populations, where acceptance rates were lower. Expansion of the screening program to incorporate antibody (serology) tests, is also highly recommended in the present circumstance. Equitable distribution of vaccines globally should be encouraged and promoted to adequately cover low- and middle-income countries. To enhance effective combat on vaccination hesitancy and apprehension in different countries, mitigation techniques unique to those countries must be adopted.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hungria/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
7.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 775, 2022 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: From 2010 to 2019, suicide mortality fell steadily and substantially in Hungary: the declining trend remained stable, and the suicide rate decreased by more than one-third which was remarkable even from an international perspective. However, despite the declining trend, regional inequalities have always characterised the distribution of suicide mortality in Hungary. Following these favourable trends, COVID-19 appeared in Hungary on the 4th of March 2020 which might lead to an increase in suicides. We aimed to investigate this hypothesis in Hungary by gender, age, educational attainment, and region, as well. METHODS: To test whether the pandemic changed the declining trend of Hungarian suicide rates, the observed number of suicides during March-December 2020 (pre-vaccination period) was compared with the expected numbers (without the appearance of COVID-19). An interrupted time-series analysis was conducted by negative binomial regression using monthly data from January 2010 to February 2020 (pre-pandemic period). RESULTS: Suicide mortality increased significantly compared to the trend during the pre-pandemic period: overall (by 16.7%), among males (18.5%), in the age group 35-49 years (32.8%), and among vocational school graduates (26.1%). Additionally, significant growths in suicide rates were detected in the two regions (Central Hungary and Central Transdanubia) with the lowest COVID mortality rates (by 27.3% and 22.2%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed reversed trend in suicide mortality during the pre-vaccination period compared to the pre-pandemic period in Hungary. There were significant differences in the pattern of suicide rates by gender, age group, educational attainment, and region during the pre-vaccination period in Hungary, which might be attributed to the socio-economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings could prove useful in preventive strategies as the identification of groups at higher risk may be important for suicide prevention; however, further investigations are needed to explore the reasons.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Suicídio , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Hungria/epidemiologia
8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 974788, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387878

RESUMO

Observations of women and clinicians indicated that the prevalence of menstrual cycle problems has escalated during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it was not clear whether the observed menstrual cycle changes were related to vaccination, the disease itself or the COVID-19 pandemic-induced psychological alterations. To systematically analyze this question, we conducted a human online survey in women aged between 18 and 65 in Hungary. The menstrual cycle of 1563 individuals were analyzed in our study in relation to the COVID-19 vaccination, the COVID-19 infection, the pandemic itself and the mental health. We found no association between the COVID-19 vaccination, the vaccine types or the COVID-19 infection and the menstrual cycle changes. We also evaluated the menstrual cycle alterations focusing on three parameters of the menstrual cycle including the cycle length, the menses length and the cycle regularity in three pandemic phases: the pre-peak, the peak and the post-peak period in Hungary. Our finding was that the length of the menstrual cycle did not change in any of the periods. However, the menses length increased, while the regularity of the menstrual cycle decreased significantly during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic when comparing to the pre- and post-peak periods. In addition, we exhibited that the length and the regularity of the menstrual cycle both correlated with the severity of depression during the post-peak period, therefore we concluded that the reported menstrual cycle abnormalities during the peak of COVID-19 in Hungary might be the result of elevated depressive symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Hungria/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Ciclo Menstrual/psicologia , Vacinação
9.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360324

RESUMO

Chromosome abnormalities play a crucial role in reproductive failure. The presence of numerical or structural aberrations may induce recurrent pregnancy loss or primary infertility. The main purpose of our study was to determine the types and frequency of chromosomal aberrations in infertile patients and to compare the frequency of structural aberrations to a control group. Karyotyping was performed in 1489 men and 780 women diagnosed with reproductive failure between 2010 and 2020. The control group included 869 male and 1160 female patients having cytogenetic evaluations for reasons other than infertility. Sex chromosomal aberrations were detected in 33/1489 (2.22%) infertile men and 3/780 (0.38%) infertile women. Structural abnormalities (e.g., translocation, inversion) were observed in 89/1489 (5.98%) infertile men and 58/780 (7.44%) infertile women. The control population showed structural chromosomal abnormalities in 27/869 (3.11%) men and 39/1160 (3.36%) women. There were significant differences in the prevalence of single-cell translocations between infertile individuals (males: 3.5%; females: 3.46%) and control patients (males: 0.46%; females: 0.7%). In summary, this is the first report of cytogenetic alterations in infertile patients in Hungary. The types of chromosomal abnormalities were comparable to previously published data. The prevalence of less-studied single-cell translocations was significantly higher in infertile patients than in the control population, supporting an earlier suggestion that these aberrations may be causally related to infertility.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos , Infertilidade Feminina , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , Hungria/epidemiologia , Cariotipagem , Transtornos Cromossômicos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Inversão Cromossômica
10.
J Water Health ; 20(2): 277-286, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366986

RESUMO

Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) is a recognised tool for tracking community transmission of COVID-19. From the second half of 2020, the emergence of new, highly infective, more pathogenic or vaccine-escape SARS-CoV-2 variants is the major public health concern. Variant analysis in sewage might assist the early detection of new mutations. Weekly raw sewage samples from 22 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Hungary (representing 40% of the population) were analysed between December 2020 and March 2021 for signature mutations N501Y and del H69/V70 of B.1.1.7 lineage by melting point genotyping and RT-digital droplet PCR (RT-ddPCR). The latter method proved to be more efficient in parallel detection of different variants and also provides quantitative information. Wastewater surveillance indicated that the B.1.1.7 variant first emerged in Budapest in early January 2021 and rapidly became dominant in the entire country. Results are in close agreement with the available clinical data (Pearson's correlation coefficient, R = 0.9153). RT-ddPCR was confirmed to be a reliable tool for tracking emerging variant ratios in wastewaters. It is a rapid and cost-effective method compared to whole-genome sequencing, but only applicable for the detection of known mutations. Efficient variant surveillance might require the combination of multiple methods.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Vigilância Epidemiológica Baseada em Águas Residuárias , Esgotos , Hungria/epidemiologia
11.
Orv Hetil ; 163(47): 1862-1871, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422687

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several international studies have already confirmed the importance of the socioeconomic status of acute myocardial infarction patients in terms of patient care and prognosis. To our knowledge, a nationwide examination of this kind has not yet taken place in Hungary. The investigation of this problem field was made possible by the fact that from January 1, 2014, all healthcare providers must record the data of patients treated with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in the database of the Hungarian Myocardial Infarction Registry (HUMIR). OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors searched for an answer to whether the complex development index (CDI) in Hungary's 174 districts and 23 capital districts influences the treatment and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients. METHOD: Based on the CDI worked out by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office, the authors divided the Hungarian districts into low (CDI_L), medium (CDI_M) and high (CDI_H) CDI groups according to their values. They examined the incidence, hospital treatment and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction in these administrative-territorial units. The HUMIR included 66,253 patients treated by myocardial infarction between 2015 and 2019. Their place of residence could be identified based on the zip code and in which district it was located. In the examined population, 29,101 patients with ST-elevation (STEMI) and 37,152 without ST-elevation (NSTEMI) received treatment for acute myocardial infarction. RESULTS: In the population over 15 years of age, the age-standardized incidence of STEMI was 68.8 per 100,000 inhabitants a year in the CDI_L group and 52.7 per 100,000 inhabitants a year in the CDI_H group. Almost the same values were found in all three CDI subgroups of NSTEMI incidence (69.5 and 67 per 10,000 inhabitants a year). The frequency of percutaneous coronary intervention in the case of STEMI was higher than in NSTEMI, but within the groups, CDI did not influence the performance of this treatment. In the case of STEMI, the rates of patients who underwent percutaneous coronaria intervention in all three CDI subgroups (CDI_L, CDI_M, CDI_H) were 83.5%, 83.7%, 83.5%, while in the case of NSTEMI they were 57.4%, 57.7%, 57.3%. The authors applied a Cox multivariate regression analysis to examine myocardial infarction mortality. The CDI did not affect the 30-day mortality rates in the case of any myocardial infarction: the hazard ratio (HR) values were 0.906 and 0.914 (p = 0.04659; p = 0.04686) in the case of STEMI, while 1.067 and 1.001 (p = 0.16520; p = 0.98933) in the case of NSTEMI. In the case of a STEMI diagnosis, the risk of the 30-364-day and the 1-year mortality in the subgroup of CDI_H was significantly lower (HR = 0.822 and 0.816) than in the subgroup of CDI_L (p = 0.00096 and p = 0.00001). In the case of NSTEMI diagnosis, the authors found a difference in the risk of beyond 1-year mortality by comparing the districts in the subgroup of CDI_L with the districts in CDI_H: in the latter case, the HR of the mortality was 0.876, which was significantly lower (p = 0.00029) than in the subgroup of CDI_L. CONCLUSION: The CDI has independent prognostic significance in determining the late prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(47): 1862-1871.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Incidência , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Hungria/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Prognóstico
12.
Viruses ; 14(11)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423160

RESUMO

West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging pathogen in Hungary, causing severe outbreaks in equines and humans since 2007. The aim of our study was to provide a comprehensive report on the clinical signs of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in horses in Hungary. Clinical details of 124 confirmed equine WNND cases were collected between 2007 and 2019. Data about the seasonal and geographical presentation, demographic data, clinical signs, treatment protocols, and disease progression were evaluated. Starting from an initial case originating from the area of possible virus introduction by migratory birds, the whole country became endemic with WNV over the subsequent 12 years. The transmission season did not expand significantly during the data collection period, but vaccination protocols should be always reviewed according to the recent observations. There was not any considerable relationship between the occurrence of WNND and age, breed, or gender. Ataxia was by far the most common neurologic sign related to the disease, but weakness, behavioral changes, and muscle fasciculation appeared frequently. Apart from recumbency combined with inappetence, no other clinical sign or treatment regime correlated with survival. The survival rate showed a moderate increase throughout the years, possibly due to the increased awareness of practitioners.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Cavalos , Febre do Nilo Ocidental , Vírus do Nilo Ocidental , Humanos , Cavalos , Animais , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/epidemiologia , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/veterinária , Hungria/epidemiologia , Vírus do Nilo Ocidental/genética , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças/veterinária
13.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 305, 2022 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36447162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of risk factors in patients with high cardiovascular risk and its effectiveness is of paramount importance. Over the last decade, several studies have examined the achievement of cardiovascular risk factors' target levels in Europe. In the present Hungarian study, we assessed the cardiovascular risk level of participants aged 40-65 years and the success of achieving risk factors' target levels in high- and very high-risk patients. We compared these results with the results of two similar European studies. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 37,778 patients aged 40-65 years from Hungary between 2019 and 2020. Cardiovascular risk levels and target values were set according to the 2016 European Guideline. Target achievement was evaluated for body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, and HbA1c (in diabetics). RESULTS: For 37,298 patients, all the data were available to determine their cardiovascular risk category. Of these, 23.1% had high and 31.4% had very high cardiovascular risk (men: 27.1 and 39.6%, women: 20.5 and 26.1%, respectively). Achievement of the LDL-C target of 1.8 mmol/l was only 8.0% among very high-risk patients, which was significantly lower than the European average (29%). Achievement of target blood pressure among high-risk patients was better than the European average (63.4% vs. 44.7%, respectively); however, achievement was slightly lower among very high-risk patients compared with the European average (49.4% vs. 58%, respectively). The proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes who achieved a HbA1c below 7% was 57.3% in the high-risk population and 53% in the very high-risk population, which was in line with the European average success rates (58.5 and 54%, respectively). Waist circumference (< 88 cm for women and < 102 cm for men) was achieved by 29.4% of patients in the very high-risk group in our survey, which was lower than the European average of 41%. CONCLUSIONS: The success rate of cardiovascular risk management in Hungary is lower than the European average in several parameters. Furthermore, our data highlight the poor effectiveness of obesity management in Hungary. General practice partnerships may be important sites for positive change.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Hungria/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas
14.
Orv Hetil ; 163(48): 1895-1901, 2022 Nov 27.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436059

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While suicide rates did not change (or decreased) in the first pandemic year (i.e., 2020) in the majority of countries, in Hungary the number of completed suicides rose significantly. OBJECTIVE: In our study, we investigated whether the unfavourable trend reversal of the Hungarian suicide rate following the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic persisted in the second pandemic year. METHOD: We used an interrupted time-series analysis with Prais-Winsten regression, controlling for time and seasonal effects as well as autoregressive effects, to estimate the effect of the pandemic on the suicide rates of the Hungarian male, female and total populations in 2020 and 2021. RESULTS: In the first pandemic year, we observed a significant increase in suicide rates in males and the total population. Although the case numbers for males and the total population in 2021 exceeded the case numbers of the pre-pandemic year, regression estimates suggest that the increase in rates did not differ significantly from the pre-pandemic years in males and it was only found to be significant at the 10% level in the total population. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Based on the examination of data from the first two pandemic years, we may conclude that by 2021 the adverse effect of the pandemic on suicidality reduced in the total population and disappeared in males. The question remains open whether this favourable development will continue. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(48): 1895-1901.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Suicídio , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pandemias , Hungria/epidemiologia , Ideação Suicida
15.
Psychiatr Hung ; 37(3): 239-245, 2022.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A nationwide survey in Hungary found that 22 out of 58 psychiatric units performed ECT in 2014. Shortly after identifying the first COVID cases, strict control measures were introduced, and the hospital system was fundamentally transformed in the country that affected ECT provision as well. The aim of the current study was to survey the changes in ECT use in Hungary during the four waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: All the psychiatric units that indicated they had performed ECT in 2014 were sent a semi-structured question naire requesting information about changes in ECT practice and the treatment profile of the unit. If there was no reply, a follow-up telephone call was made. RESULTS: There were only 3 centers where ECT was performed throughout all four waves of COVID. In nine centers (47%) ECT was suspended in all four waves. The main reason why ECT was halted during COVID was the restructuring of psychiatric inpatient care: six centers were fully transformed into general COVID units, and in the remaining 13 the number of psychiatric beds was reduced in favor of general COVID care. Staff shortage constituted another barrier to the provision of ECT. The number of infected patients in a wave of COVID-19 showed a significant negative correlation with the number of active ECT centers (p=0.05). No COVID-infected patient received ECT in Hungary. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID pandemic in Hungary, nearly half of the ECT services were suspended and thus a number of patients missed out on receiving an effective treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Eletroconvulsoterapia , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Hungria/epidemiologia
16.
Physiol Int ; 109(3): 419-426, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223273

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted many aspects of acute myocardial infarction. Based on literature data, the prognosis of COVID+, STEMI patients is significantly worse than that of COVID- STEMI patients. On the other hand, physicians report fewer acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients presenting to hospitals in countries severely affected by the pandemic. It is concerning that patients with life-threatening illness can suffer more complications or die due to their myocardial infarction. We aimed to investigate the changes in myocardial infarction care in the country's biggest PCI-center and to compare total 30-day mortality in COVID+ and COVID-patients with acute myocardial infarction treated at the Semmelweis University Heart and Vascular Center, and to investigate risk factors and complications in these two groups. Methods: Between 8 October 2020 and 30 April 2021, 43 COVID+, in 2018-2019, 397 COVID-patients with acute myocardial infarction were admitted. Total admission rates pre- and during the pandemic were compared. Results: Within 30 days, 8 of 43 patients in the COVID+ group (18.60%), and 40 of the 397 patients in the control group (10.07%) died (P = 0.01). Regarding the comorbidities, more than half of COVID+ patients had a significantly reduced ejection fraction (EF≤ 40%), and the prevalence of heart failure was significantly higher in this group (51.16% vs. 27.84%, P = 0.0329). There was no significant difference between the two patient groups in the incidence of STEMI and NSTEMI. Although there was no significant difference, VF (11.63% vs. 6.82%), resuscitation (23.26% vs. 10.08%), and ECMO implantation (2.38% vs. 1.26%) were more common in the COVID+ group. The mean age was 68.8 years in the COVID+ group and 67.6 years in the control group. The max. Troponin also did not differ significantly between the two groups (1,620 vs. 1,470 ng/L). There was a significant decline in admission rates in the first as well as in the second wave of the pandemic. Conclusions: The 30-day total mortality of COVID+ patients was significantly higher, and a more severe proceeding of acute myocardial infarction and a higher incidence of complications can be observed. As the secondary negative effect of the pandemic serious decline in admission rates can be detected.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Pandemias , Prognóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Troponina
17.
Magy Onkol ; 66(3): 175-184, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200497

RESUMO

Evaluation of cancer incidence and mortality is essential for the design and development of oncology networks. In Hungary the population-based epidemiological data collection in oncology is executed by the Hungarian National Cancer Registry, whilst, mortality statistics are compiled by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. In this review, Hungarian cancer epidemiology of 2010s was presented, using population- based morbidity and mortality data, and positioning the country in European cancer statistics. According to GLOBOCAN estimations, Hungary suffers from the highest cancer incidence and mortality rates in Europe. We have reported a steady increase in the number of new cases, while mortality stagnated. Lung and colorectal cancers showed the highest incidence, which was followed by breast cancer. These three malignancies are responsible for almost half of the cancer-related deaths. Improving the quality of population- based disease registries, such as the Hungarian Cancer Registry, requires wide and extensive multidisciplinary collaborative work from many stakeholders.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Incidência , Oncologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros
18.
Magy Onkol ; 66(3): 209-217, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36200501

RESUMO

The aim of our study is to analyse the participation indicators of colorectal cancer screening between 2008-2021. Data derived from the nationwide financing database of the Hungarian National Health Insurance Fund Management. We analysed both diagnostic and screening examinations. According to our results, the screening rate was low, varying between 5.1-6.8% in the years examined. Between 2008 and 2019, the number of participating patients increased slightly. The highest number of patients can be observed in 2019 (178,568 people). In 2020 and 2021, we see a significant decrease, which is a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the number of patients of the entire examined period (2,233,963 people, 938,223 men, 1,295,740 women), the largest proportion was fecal blood detection by immunochemical method (OENO code: 22631). In 2021, at the county level, the highest number of patients can be seen in Csongrád-Csanád county (994 patients/10,000 people), and the least in Békés county (218 patients/10,000 people). The participation rate of women is higher than that of men in all counties. Participation in colorectal screening is very low. In order to prevent colorectal cancer death, it is necessary to increase the participation rate.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pandemias
19.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(10)2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295543

RESUMO

Background and objectives: In the last couple of years, pharmacological management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been markedly renewed. The aim of this study was to analyse the changes in prescribing patterns of antidiabetic drugs for treating patients with T2DM in Hungary between 2015 and 2020. Material and Methods: In this retrospective, nationwide analysis, we used the central database of the National Health Insurance Fund. We present annual numbers and their proportion of T2DM patients with different treatment regimens. Results: In the period of 2015-2020, the number of incident cases decreased from 60,049 to 29,865, while prevalent cases increased from 682,274 to 752,367. Patients with metformin (MET) monotherapy had the highest prevalence (31% in 2020). Prevalence of insulin (INS) monotherapy continuously but slightly decreased from 29% to 27% while that of sulfonylurea (SU) monotherapy markedly decreased from 37% to 20%. Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP-4) inhibitors remained popular in 2020 as monotherapy (5%), in dual combination with MET (12%) and in triple combination with MET and SU (5%). The prevalence of patients with sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors increased from 1% to 4% in monotherapy, from <1% to 6% in dual combination with MET, and from <1% to 2% in triple oral combination with MET and SU or DPP-4-inhibitors. The prevalence of patients using glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1-RAs) also increased but remained around 1-2% both in monotherapy and combinations. For initiating antihyperglycaemic treatment, MET monotherapy was the most frequently used regime in 2020 (50%), followed by monotherapy with SUs (16%) or INS (10%). After initial MET monotherapy, the incidence rates of patients with add-on GLP-1-RAs (2%, 3%, and 4%) and those of add-on SGLT-2 inhibitors (4%, 6%, and 8%) slowly increased in the subsequent 24, 48, and 72 months, respectively. Conclusions: In the period of 2015-2020, we documented important changes in trends of antihyperglycaemic therapeutic patterns in patients with T2DM which followed the new scientific recommendations but remained below our expectations regarding timing and magnitude. More efforts are warranted to implement new agents with cardiovascular/renal benefits into therapeutic management in time, in a much larger proportion of T2DM population, and without delay.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Metformina , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Simportadores , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Glicemia , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/uso terapêutico , Dipeptidil Peptidases e Tripeptidil Peptidases/uso terapêutico , Simportadores/uso terapêutico , Sódio
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231901

RESUMO

(1) Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented and has affected every social class. The prevalence of moderate-to-severe stress and anxiety levels in the general population was reported to be 25%. This study aimed to describe the validation of the Hungarian version of the COVID Stress Scale. (2) Methods: The research study was a cross-section validation study with a representative sample (N = 1200) and a non-representative student sample (N = 350). The translation procedure was a four-step procedure. The interviewers conducted the data collection. (3) Results: The reliability of the Hungarian CSS was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Convergent validity was evaluated by correlating the CSS with the PSS and WHO-WBI5. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the CSS-H factors was between 0.844 and 0.907 (representative sample) and between 0.878 and 0.936 (student sample), which qualified as very good. The reliability of the internal consistency was good for all six factors in both samples. The CSS-H total and all-domain scores significantly and positively correlated with the PSS total score and negatively correlated with well-being. (4) Conclusions: The Hungarian COVID Stress Scale is a valid, reliable instrument to measure COVID-19-related distress in the Hungarian population.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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