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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17467, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated differences in corpus callosum (CC) injuries between patients with concussion and those with diffuse axonal injury (DAI) by using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with concussion, 21 patients with DAI, and 25 control subjects were recruited. We reconstructed the whole CC and 5 regions of the CC after applying Hofer classification (I, II, III, IV, and V). The whole CC and each region of the CC were analyzed to measure DTT parameters (fractional anisotropy [FA], apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC], and fiber number [FN]). RESULTS: In the whole CC, significant differences were observed in all DTT parameters between the concussion and control groups and the DAI and control groups (P < .05). Among the 5 regions of the CC, significant differences were observed in FA and ADC between the concussion and control groups and the DAI and control groups (P < .05). Significant differences in FN were observed in CC regions I and II (connected with the prefrontal lobe and secondary motor area) between the concussion and control groups, in CC regions I, II, III, and IV (connected with the frontoparietal lobes) between the DAI and control groups, and in CC regions III, IV (connected with the motor-sensory cortex) between the concussion and DAI groups (P < .05). CONCLUSION: It was observed that both concussion and DAI patients showed diffuse neural injuries in the whole CC and all 5 regions of the CC. Neural FN results revealed that concussion patients appeared to be specifically injured in the anterior part of the CC connected with the frontal lobe, whereas DAI patients were injured in more diffuse regions connected with whole frontoparietal lobes.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpo Caloso/lesões , Lesão Axonal Difusa/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Concussão Encefálica/etiologia , Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20190324, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the relationship of diffusion features with molecule information, and then predict grade and survival in lower-grade gliomas. METHODS: 65 patients with primary lower-grade gliomas (WHO Grade II & III) who underwent conventional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging were retrospectively studied. The tumor region was automatically segmented into contrast-enhancing tumor, non-enhancing tumor, edematous and necrotic volumes. Diffusion features, including fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity, radial diffusivity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), were extracted from each volume using histogram analysis. To estimate molecule biomarkers and predict clinical characteristics of grade and survival, support vector machine, generalized linear model, logistic regression and Cox regression were performed on the related features. RESULTS: The diffusion features in non-enhancing tumor volume showed differences between isocitrate dehydrogenase mutant and wild-type gliomas. And the mean accuracy of support vector machine classifiers was 0.79. Ki-67 labeling index was correlated with these features, which were combined to significantly estimate Ki-67 expression level (r = 0.657, p < 0.001). These features also showed differences between Grade II and III gliomas. A combination of them for grade classification resulted in an area under the curve of 0.914 (0.857-0.971). Mean FA and fifth percentile of ADC were independently associated with overall survival, with lower FA and higher ADC showing better survival outcome. CONCLUSION: In lower-grade gliomas, multiparametric and multiregional diffusion features could help predict molecule information, histological grade and survival. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: The multi parametric diffusion features in non-enhancing tumor were associated with molecule information, grade and survival in lower-grade gliomas.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Oligodendroglioma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anisotropia , Astrocitoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oligodendroglioma/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(9): 662-667, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461817

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the correlation of functional connectivity (FC) and the integrity of connective fibres between hippocampus and thalamus in Alzheimer's disease(AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Methods: Both resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data of 40 AD patients, 37 aMCI patients and 41 normal control subjects matching with age and educational level were collected. These subjects were all recruited from outpatient Department of Neurology in the Second Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, as well as poster, from May 2016 to January 2018. The FC strength between bilateral hippocampus and thalamus, as well as the parameters representing integrity of connective fibres, including fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity(MD),were analyzed. Also, the correlations between FC strength and FA or MD strength were analyzed in the study. Results: Compared to that of normal control subjects, the FC strength between billateral hippocampus and thalamus in patients with AD, aMCI were not significantly different(P>0.05). The integrity of bilateral connective fibres between hippocampus and thalamus were damaged in AD patients when compared to normal control subjects(P<0.01). A positive correlation of connective fibres integrity with FC strength between hippocampus and thalamus was found in the left side(r=0.25,P<0.05) but rather in the right side. Conclusion: In AD and aMCI patients, structural connectivity between left hippocampus and thalamus affects the functional connectivity between them.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Amnésia/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Hipocampo/diagnóstico por imagem , Rede Nervosa/fisiopatologia , Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
5.
Rev. med. (Säo Paulo) ; 98(4): 259-266, jul.-ago. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023529

RESUMO

It is increasingly recognised that dysfunction in neural circuits plays a key role in the neurobiological basis of mental disorders. The efficacy of pharmacological and behavioural treatments for mental disorders could therefore be improved by targeting dysfunctions in neurocircuits. However, to achieve this, a better understanding of the specific alterations in neural circuits involved in different mental disorders is required. Such understanding can be acquired by using advanced neuroscience methods to examine the pathways and function of neurocircuits in both typically developing individuals and in those with mental disorders. This article provides an overview of currently available neuroscience methods of investigating neural circuits, including advantages and limitations of different techniques, and highlights the importance of using multi-modal imaging in future research.


É cada vez mais reconhecido que a disfunção nos circuitos neurais desempenha um papel fundamental na base neurobiológica dos transtornos mentais. A eficácia dos tratamentos farmacológicos e comportamentais para os transtornos mentais pode, portanto, ser melhorada por direcionar as disfunções nos neurocircuitos. No entanto, para isso, é necessário um melhor entendimento das alterações específicas nos circuitos neurais envolvidos em diferentes transtornos mentais. Tal entendimento pode ser adquirido usando-se métodos avançados de neurociência para examinar as vias e a função dos neurocircuitos em indivíduos com desenvolvimento típico e naqueles com transtornos mentais. Este artigo fornece uma visão geral dos métodos da neurociência atualmente disponíveis na investigação de circuitos neurais, incluindo vantagens e limitações de diferentes técnicas, e destaca a importância do uso de imagens multimodais em pesquisas futuras.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Eletroencefalografia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Imagem Multimodal , Transtornos Mentais
6.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(7): 805-812, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the white-matter integrity and its correlation with cognitive function in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) complicated with lacunar infarctions (LI) by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of magnetic resonance (MR).
 Methods: Twenty-six patients with MCI were selected including 14 patients with combined LI and 12 patients without combined LI, and 16 healthy volunteers were recruited as normal control. All subjects completed cognitive function assessment and DTI sequence of MR. Factional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) values among the MCI with LI group (MCI-LI), the MCI without LI group (MCI-non LI), and the normal control group (NC) were compared, and the correlation between DTI parameters and cognition was determined by multiple linear stepwise regression.
 Results: Compared with the MCI-non LI group, the FA values were significantly decreased (P<0.05) and MD values were significantly increased (P<0.05) in the white matter fiber bundles (such as the left hippocampus of the cingulate tract, the frontal fascicle of the corpus callosum, the right inferior frontal occipital fascicle, and the right superior longitudinal fascicle) in the MCI-LI group. In the MCI-LI group, the FA value of right cingulate gyrus was significantly correlated with Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL) score (B=-50.2, 95% CI -77.7 to -22.7, P=0.003); the FA value of left anterior thalamic radiation (B=443.8, 95% CI 222.9 to 664.8, P=0.001) and MD value of left inferior longitudinal tract (B=-318.5, 95% CI -534.7 to -102.3, P=0.009) were significantly correlated with Wechsler digit symbol substitution (WDSS) score; the FA value of left superior temporal lobe longitudinal tract was significantly correlated with Backward Digit Span (BDSP) score (B=12.5, 95% CI 1.5 to 23.4, P=0.030).
 Conclusion: The integrity of white matter is significantly destroyed in MCI patients with LI than that in MCI patients without LI, and there is a correlation between cognitive function and DTI parameters in some white matter tracts in MCI patients with LI.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar , Substância Branca , Anisotropia , Encéfalo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(7): 697-702, 2019 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286729

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Quantitative assessment of white blood flow in semi-oval center of patients with delayed neuropathological sequelae (DNS) after carbon monoxide poisoning treated with acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) based on magnetic resonance multi-inversion time arterial spin labeling imaging (mTI-ASL), and to evaluate its efficacy indirectly. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with clinically diagnosed DNS were randomly divided into an observation group (13 cases) and a control group (13 cases). The conventional therapy combined with HBO were given in the control group. In the observation group,on the base of the treatment, Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture was applied, the main acupoints were Shuigou (GV 26), Neiguan (PC 6), Baihui (GV 20), Shangxing (GV 23), Yintang (GV 29), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on the affected side, Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Fenglong (ST 40), Lianquan (CV 23) and Jinjin (EX-HN12) for slurred speech, Jianyu (LI 15), Waiguan (TE 5) and Shousanli (LI 10) for upper limb pain, Huantiao (GB 30), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Yinlingquan (SP 9) for lower limb pain, the treatment was given once every day, 5 days as one course, with an interval of 2 days between the course. The treatment for 6 courses was required. The conventional head MR scan, mTI-ASL and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scans before and 1 week after treatment were adopted, Matlab (R2014b), Mricron and Syngo.via software were adopted to measure the cerebral blood flow (CBF) and anisotropy (FA) values of the semi-oval center. The correlation between the parameters was evaluated by Pearson method. And the simple intelligent mental state examination scale (MMSE) was uesd to assess cognitive function. RESULTS: After treatment, the CBF, MMSE scores in both groups and FA values in the observation group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the CBF, FA and MMSE scores in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between CBF, FA and MMSE scores (P<0.05), and the correlation between CBF and MMSE was the best (r =0.822). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen can significantly improved early white matter hypoperfusion and improved cognitive function score in patients with DNS. The curative effect is better than that of hyperbaric oxygen therapy alone. The mTI-ASL imaging can quantitatively evaluate its curative effect.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos
8.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1102): 20190133, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assessment is essential for accurate quantification of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics and usually requires the use of a difference image method using duplicate images. We aimed to estimate the SNR of DTI of thigh muscles using a single image set without duplicate images. METHODS: DTI of one thigh were acquired on a 3 T scanner from 15 healthy adults, and scans with number of signal averages (NSA) = 4 and 8 were repeatedly acquired. SNR were evaluated for six thigh muscles. For SNR calculation from a single image set, diffusion-weighted images with similar diffusion encoding directions were grouped into pairs. The difference image of each pair was high-pass filtered in k-space to yield noise images. Noise images were also calculated with a difference method using two image sets as a reference. Subjects were divided into two groups for filter optimization and validation, respectively. The coefficient of repeatability (CR) of the SNR obtained from the two methods was also evaluated separately. RESULTS: Bland-Altman analysis comparing the single image set method and the reference showed 95% limits of agreement of -9.2 to 9.2% for the optimization group and -12.5 to 12.6% for the validation group. The SNR measurement had a CR of 21.1% using the reference method, and 13.8% using the single image set method. CONCLUSION: The single image method can be used for DTI SNR assessment and offers better repeatability. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: SNR of skeletal muscle DTI can be assessed for any data set without duplicate images.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Adulto , Anisotropia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Coxa da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
J Headache Pain ; 20(1): 78, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291903

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated white matter with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in those suffering from headache, but so far only in clinic based samples and with conflicting results. METHODS: In the present study, 1006 individuals (50-66 years) from the general population (Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) participated in an imaging study of the head at 1.5 T (HUNT-MRI). Hundred and ninety-six individuals were excluded because of errors in the data acquisition or brain pathology. Two hundred and forty-six of the remaining participants reported suffering from headache (69 from migraine and 76 from tension-type headache) the year prior to the scanning. DTI data were analysed with Tract-Based Spatial Statistics and automated tractography. Type of headache, frequency of attacks and evolution of headache were investigated for an association with white matter fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axonal diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD) and tract volume. Correction for various demographical and clinical variables were performed. RESULTS: Headache sufferers had widespread higher white matter MD, AD and RD compared to headache free individuals (n = 277). The effect sizes were mostly small with the largest seen in those with middle-age onset headache, who also had lower white matter FA. There were no associations between white matter microstructure and attack frequency or type of headache. CONCLUSION: Middle-age onset headache may be related to a widespread process in the white matter leading to altered microstructure.


Assuntos
Cefaleia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefaleia/patologia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/patologia , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anisotropia , Estudos Transversais , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339493

RESUMO

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is one of the most severe traumatic brain injuries. The availability of neuroimaging biomarkers for monitoring expansion of traumatic brain injury in vivo is a topical issue. PURPOSE: To evaluate novel neuroimaging biomarkers for monitoring brain injury using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in patients with severe diffuse axonal injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DKI data of 12 patients with severe DAI (11 patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of ≤ 8 and 1 patient with a GCS score of 9) and 8 healthy volunteers (control group) were compared. MRI examination was performed 5 to 19 days after injury; 7 of the 12 patients underwent repeated MRI examinations. We assessed the following parameters: mean, axial, and radial kurtosis (MK, AK, RK, respectively) and kurtosis anisotropy (KA) of the white and gray matter; fractional anisotropy (FA), axonal water fraction (AWF), axial and radial extra-axonal diffusion (AxEAD and RadEAD, respectively), and tortuosity (TORT) of the extra-axonal space) of the white matter. Regions of interest (ROIs) were set bilaterally in the centrum semiovale, genu and splenium of the corpus callosum, anterior and posterior limbs of the internal capsule, putamen, thalamus, midbrain, and pons. RESULTS: A significant reduction in KA (p<0.05) in most of ROIs set on the white matter was revealed. AK was increased (p<0.05) not only in the white matter but also in the putamen and thalamus. A significant reduction in MK with time was observed when the first and second DKI data were compared. AWF was reduced in the centrum semiovale and peduncles. The TORT parameter was decreased (p<0.05) in the majority of ROIs in the white matter, with the most pronounced changes occurring in the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum. CONCLUSION: DKI provides novel data about microstructural injury in DAI and improves our knowledge of brain trauma pathophysiology. DKI parameters should be considered as potential biomarkers of brain injury and potential predictors of the outcome.


Assuntos
Lesão Axonal Difusa , Substância Branca , Anisotropia , Lesão Axonal Difusa/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Neuroimagem
11.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(5): 491-500, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism for changes in brain microstructure in long-term abstinent from methamphetamine-dependence by using the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
 Methods: A total of 26 patients with long-term abstinent methamphetamine-dependence, whose abstinence time more than 14 months, and 26 normal controls all underwent cognitive executive function tests and DTI scans. We used voxel-based analysis to compare the fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) to obtain the abnormal brain regions of DTI parameters between the two groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between FA, MD of the brain regions with abnormal parameters and cognitive executive function tests.
 Results: There were no statistical differences in the cognitive executive function tests between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the long-term abstinent from methamphetamine-dependence group showed the decreased FA in the right precuneus, right superior frontal gyrus, right calcarine, left inferior temporal gyrus and the increased MD in the right triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus, right precuneus, right posterior cingulate, right middle temporal gyrus, bilateral middle occipital gyrus, left superior parietal lobule, and lobule VIII of cerebellar hemisphere. The MD values of the right middle temporal gyrus in the long-term abstinent group were negatively correlated with the number of completions within 60 seconds (r=-0.504) and within 120 seconds (r=-0.464) .
 Conclusion: The DTI parameters in multiple brain regions from the methamphetamine-dependence patients are still abnormal after a long-term abstinence. DTI can provide imaging evidence for brain microstructural abnormalities in long-term abstinent from methamphetamine-dependence.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Anfetaminas , Encéfalo , Anisotropia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Metanfetamina
12.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(5): 515-521, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303614

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea is often accompanied by functional changes in attention, alertness, long-term vision and language memory, visual space/structural competence, and executive function due to long-term intermittent hypoxia, high blood carbonate, and sleep structure disorders. In recent years, some scholars have found that the changes of brain structure, metabolism and function revealed by static functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are closely related to the changes of cognitive function reflected in the cognitive function evaluation scale. In recent years, static functional magnetic resonance, especially voxel-based morphometry, diffusion tensor imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and functional magnetic resonance imaging have confirmed significant changes in brain structure, metabolism and function in OSA patients, and the changes are closely related to the changes of cognitive function reflected in the cognitive function evaluation scale. It is great significance to study the mechanism of cognitive function change in OSA patients, and helpful to the early diagnosis and treatment as well as the evaluation of clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Cognição , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1101): 20190143, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest variability of both diffusion parameters and fat fraction (FF) estimates in normal muscle, and to assess differences in normal values between muscles in the thigh. METHODS: 29 healthy volunteers (mean age 37 years, range 20-60 years, 17/29 males) completed the study. Magnetic resonance images of the mid-thigh were acquired using a stimulated echo acquisition mode-echoplanar imaging (STEAM-EPI) imaging sequence, to assess diffusion, and 2-point Dixon imaging, to assess FF. Imaging was repeated in 19 participants after a 30 min interval in order to assess test-retest variability of the measurements. RESULTS: Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for test-retest variability were 0.99 [95% confidence interval, (CI): 0.98, 1] for FF, 0.94 (95% CI: 0.84, 0.97) for mean diffusivity and 0.89 (95% CI: 0.74, 0.96) for fractional anisotropy (FA). FF was higher in the hamstrings than the quadriceps by a mean difference of 1.81% (95% CI:1.63, 2.00)%, p < 0.001. Mean diffusivity was significantly lower in the hamstrings than the quadriceps (0.26 (0.13, 0.39) x10-3 mm2s-1, p < 0.001) whereas fractional anisotropy was significantly higher in the hamstrings relative to the quadriceps with a mean difference of 0.063 (0.05, 0.07), p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown excellent test-retest, variability in MR-based FF and diffusion measurements and demonstrated significant differences in these measures between hamstrings and quadriceps in the healthy thigh. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Test-retest variability is excellent for STEAM-EPI diffusion and 2-point Dixon-based FF measurements in the healthy muscle. Inter- and intraobserver variability were excellent for region of interest placement for STEAM-EPI diffusion and 2-point Dixon-based FF measurements in the healthy muscle. There are significant differences in FF and diffusion measurements between the hamstrings and quadriceps in the normal muscle.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Imagem Ecoplanar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Coxa da Perna/anatomia & histologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Brain Nerve ; 71(7): 751-758, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289248

RESUMO

Using AI for dementia diagnosis is still in research stage, however some of the work points to the development of new medical devices. One is a voxel-based morphometry analysis of brain atrophy, and a brain network analysis using a resting state functional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging. The other is an application to detect dementia in daily life using "IoT" technology. As it has been determined that elderly people's dementia is closely related to lifestyle, the use of AI in the diagnosis is to predict the possibility of dementia in the preclinical stage and to link it to prevention, rather than to provide a definitive diagnosis.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Demência/diagnóstico , Idoso , Atrofia , Encéfalo/patologia , Demência/prevenção & controle , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
15.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1100): 20190119, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion MR and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in discriminating atypical bone metastasis from benign bone lesion in patients with tumors. METHODS: Patients with bone lesions in lower extremity suspected of metastases were enrolled in this prospective study. IVIM diffusion MR and DKI were performed before biopsy. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion (D), perfusion fraction (f) and perfusion-related pseudodiffusion (D*) were generated with IVIM, while mean kurtosis (MK) and mean diffusion (MD) generated with DKI. Two radiologists blinded to pathology results separately measured these parameters for each lesion through drawing region of interest. Intraclass correlation coefficient was used to determine the inter-reader viability in measurement. The patients with pathology-confirmed metastasis or benign lesion were analyzed. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare IVIM and DKI parameters between metastasis group and benign lesion group. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to evaluate the ability of discrimination. RESULTS: Bone lesions from 28 patients (metastasis, n = 15; benign lesion, n = 13; mean age = 55 years; age range, 34~77) were analyzed with IVIM and DKI. Intraclass correlation coefficient was greater than 0.8 for all parameters. ADC, D and MD were significantly lower in metastases versus benign lesions (p <0.05). MK and f value were significantly higher in metastases versus benign lesions (p<0.05). D* was not significantly different between the two groups (p>0.05). Areas under curve for ADC, D, f, MK and MD were 0.935, 0.939, 0.891, 0.840 and 0.844 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IVIM and DKI derived parameters distinguish between atypical bone metastasis and benign bone lesion in selected patients with tumors. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Bone metastasis and benign bone lesion differ in water molecular diffusion. Intravoxel incoherent motion derived true diffusion distinguishes between atypical bone metastasis and benign lesion.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15775, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169676

RESUMO

The relationship between the left arcuate fasciculus (AF) and stroke-related aphasia is unclear. In this retrospective study, we aimed to investigate the role of subcomponents of the left AF in predicting prognosis of aphasia after stroke. Twenty stroke patients with aphasia were recruited and received language assessment as well as diffusion tensor tractography scanning at admission. According to injury of the left AF, the participants were classified into four groups: group A (4 cases), the AF preserved intactly; group B (6 cases), the anterior segment injured; group C (4 cases), the posterior segment injured; and group D (6 cases), completely injured. After a consecutive speech therapy, language assessment was performed again. Changes of language functions among the groups were compared and the relation between these changes with segments injury of the AF was analyzed. After therapy, relatively high increase score percentage changes in terms of all the subcategories of language assessment were observed both in group A and C; by contrast, only naming in group B, and spontaneous speech in group D. Although no statistical difference was demonstrated among the four groups. In addition, there was no significant correlation between improvement of language function with segments injury of the AF. The predictive role of subcomponents of the left AF in prognosis of aphasia is obscure in our study. Nevertheless, it indicates the importance of integrity of the left AF for recovery of aphasia, namely that preservation of the left AF on diffusion tensor tractography could mean recovery potential of aphasia after stroke.


Assuntos
Afasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/estatística & dados numéricos , Via Perfurante/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Afasia/etiologia , Afasia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Via Perfurante/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fala , Fonoterapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral
17.
Eur J Radiol ; 116: 152-159, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Periventricular pseudocysts (PVPCs) are cystic cavities originating from the germinal matrix. The effects of PVPCs on the development of white matter (WM) in neonates remain unclear. This study aimed to characterise WM microstructural variations in neonates with PVPCs with and without additional abnormities on MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neonates with PVPCs and controls with no MRI abnormalities were retrospectively enrolled. Test subjects were divided into groups 1 (isolated PVPCs) and 2 (PVPCs with additional MRI abnormalities). The PVPC MRI features collected included lateralisation, locularity, anatomic location, and the maximum anteroposterior diameter. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-derived fractional anisotropy (FA), radial diffusivity (RD), and axial diffusivity (AD) were compared between the PVPC and control groups using tract-based spatial statistics. RESULTS: Thirty-eight neonates with PVPCs and 60 controls were enrolled. Groups 1 and 2 contained 15 and 23 subjects, respectively. The additional MRI findings in group 2 included intracranial haemorrhage, punctate WM lesions, hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy, and acute cerebral infarction. No significant differences were found in PVPC MRI features between the 2 test groups. Compared to controls, no significant changes in DTI metrics were observed in group 1 neonates; whereas extensive WM regions with decreased FA, increased RD, and unchanged/increased AD were found in group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Isolated PVPCs are not independently correlated with WM microstructural variations in neonates. This result provides further evidence for supporting the benign outcome of fetuses with isolated PVPCs.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/patologia , Cistos/patologia , Substância Branca/patologia , Anisotropia , Encefalopatias/congênito , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cistos/congênito , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Eur J Radiol ; 116: 174-179, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate any possible correlation between the presence of Isocitrate DeHydrogenase 1 mutation (IDH1m) and specific DTI (Diffusion Tensor Imaging) metrics, such as Fractional Anisotropy (FA), Mean Diffusivity (MD), Radial Diffusivity (RD) and Axial Diffusivity (AD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 47 patients who underwent an advanced-MR study with DTI followed by surgical intervention with a subsequent histologic diagnosis of High-Grade Glioma (HGG) and immunohistochemical evaluation of IDH1 (Isocitrate DeHydrogenase) mutation status. For each DTI metrics we measured the ratio between tumor and normal tissue and we evaluated the correlation with IDH1 mutation. RESULTS: We observed a positive correlation with IDH1 status and RD and MD data. No correlation was demonstrated between IDH1 status and FA and AD. DISCUSSION: Our results support the hypothesis that the number of residual axonal fibers, extracellular matrix composition and the presence of colliquated tissue, may together contribute to a global RD increase in HGG, with a relatively higher increase in IDH1m tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Our data are in favor of a need for multimodal advance evaluation of HGG. DTI metrics help to analyze IDH1 mutation status, in order to better characterize the lesions and to tailor treatment and follow up.


Assuntos
Glioma/patologia , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Mutação/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Anisotropia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Feminino , Glioma/genética , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(6): 571-5, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness and safety of the combined treatment with acupuncture and venlafaxine hydrochloride on depression in terms of the microstructure change of white matter fiber tracts of brain based on diffusion tensor imaging technology (DTI). METHODS: The prospective study design was adopted. All of 60 patients with depression were randomized into an acupuncture-medication group and a medication group, 30 cases in each one. In the medication group, venlafaxine hydrochloride was used, 75 mg per day in the 1st week, 150 mg per day in the 2nd week and 225 mg per day from the 3rd to 6th week. In the acupuncture-medication group, on the base of the treatment in the medication group, acupuncture was combined. Baihui (GV 20) and Yintang (GV 29) were the main acupoints. The supplementary acupoints were selected according to the clinical symptoms of individuals. The needles were retained for 30 min. Acupuncture was provided once every 2 days, 3 times a week. The consecutive 12 weeks of treatment were required in the two groups. Additionally, a normal group was prepared with 30 healthy volunteers. Separately, before treatment, in 2, 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, Hamilton's depression scale (HAMD-17), Beck depression inventory scale (BDI) and the antidepressant side effect scale (SERS) were adopted to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the two groups. Moreover, before and after 12 weeks of treatment, DTI was adopted to detect the fractional anisotropy score (FA) of each brain region in the patients. RESULTS: After treatment, the scores of HAMD-17 and BDI were all reduced in the two groups (P<0.05). In 8 and 12 weeks of treatment, the scores of HAMD-17 and BDI in the acupuncture-medication group were less than those in the medication group (P<0.05). The difference in SERS score was not significant statistically between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the healthy volunteers, FA scores in 6 brain regions changed obviously in the patients with depression, including the white matter of bilateral frontal lobes, splenium of corpus callosum, left cingulated gyrus, white matter of bilateral inferior temporal gyrus, white matter of bilateral inferior parietal lobe and white matter of bilateral deep temporal occipital region separately. Before treatment, the differences in FA scores of these 6 brain regions were not significant statistically between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, FA scores in the white matter of bilateral frontal lobes, white matter of bilateral inferior temporal gyrus and white matter of bilateral deep temporal occipital region in the acupuncture-medication group were all higher than those in the medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture repairs the brain white matter fiber tracts in some brain regions to certain extent and the therapeutic effects are enhanced with the adjuvant medication of venlafaxine hydrochloride.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Depressão , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Encéfalo , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Cloridrato de Venlafaxina
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