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1.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 26(3): 173-178, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063765

RESUMO

Presented herein is a clinical case report regarding a repeat intervention for a type II dissecting thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm treated by means of a hybrid technique in a 76-year-old male patient with a single kidney, having 9 years previously endured resection of an aneurysm of the infrarenal aortic portion. The first stage consisted in prosthetic repair of the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm by an oblique anastomosis, with the second stage (7 days thereafter) being endoprosthetic repair of the descending thoracic aorta. The findings of check-up computed tomography at 16 months postoperatively demonstrated no negative dynamics.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Rim Único , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 817-821, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120441

RESUMO

It is more than 20 years since the first endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm was performed. Significantly reducing risk of morbidity and mortality compared with open aortic repair, the advent of endovascular repair has revolutionized the treatment of complex aortic disease. It is now the first-line treatment for most thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm patients. However, spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remains one of the most threatening complications after the procedure, and significantly reduces overall survival. The pathophysiology of spinal cord ischemia remains unclear but may well be multifactorial. Risk factors for SCI include excessive aortic coverage, detriment to the collateral network through occlusion of the left subclavian or internal iliac arteries, perioperative hypotension and chronic renal failure. SCI could be predicted, prevented and ameliorated through the application of motor evoked potential, permissive perioperative hypertension, cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD), preoperative or concomitant left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization and some drugs. However, there are certain complications and contraindications for CSFD and arterial revascularization. As a result, we must balance the pros and cons of these invasive measures. So we summarize our clinical experience and propose the employment of LSA revascularization and CSFD in certain kinds of high-risk patients respectively. With the development of technology and preventive measures, we believe that SCI could be minimized in the forseeable future.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Medula Espinal/irrigação sanguínea , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/etiologia , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 847-851, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120447

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the prognosis factors for readmission after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients in the Chinese population. Methods: A total of 1 129 AAA patients who underwent EVAR at Department of Vascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, from January 2010 to December 2017 were enrolled. There were 948 males and 181 females, with an age of (71.2±9.6) years (range: 18 to 93 years). Comorbidities included primary hypertension found in 630 patients, diabetes mellitus in 129 patients and coronary heart disease in 163 patients. A total of 214 patients had a history of smoking, and 11 patients had a history of previous aortic intervention.Clinical data including baseline information, laboratory examinations and follow-up data before December 31, 2019 were retrospectively collected. The primary end point was readmission. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the prognosis factors for the end point. Results: All patients completed at least one follow-up with a follow-up time of 22.7(42.6) months (range: 1 to 120 months). The readmission rate of 1 year post-operation was 4.52% (51/1 129). The overall readmission rate was 11.34% (128/1 129) during the whole follow-up duration. The main reasons of readmission included endoleak in 60 patients with readmission, iliac limb occlusion in 25 patients and distal iliac aneurysm in 12 patients. Age (HR=0.972, 95%CI: 0.956 to 0.987, P<0.01) and elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.213, 95%CI: 1.185 to 4.134, P=0.013) were found to be the prognosis factors for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in univariate Cox regression analysis. Elevated pre-operative fibrinogen level (HR=2.542, 95%CI: 1.353 to 4.776, P=0.004) was found to be the prognosis factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission in multivariate Cox regression analysis. Conclusions: The most common reason for readmission was endoleak, followed by iliac limb occlusion and distal iliac aneurysm. Elevated pre-operative fibri nogen level was the risk factor for the survival time free from aortic-related readmission, though further researches were warranted for exploring the underlying mechanism.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/etiologia , Artéria Ilíaca , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 678-686, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid and long term patency of elective renal artery reconstructions during open surgical repair of suprarenal aortic aneurysms (SRAA) and type 4 thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (T4AAA). METHODS: This retrospective, single centre study included all consecutive patients who underwent surgery for SRAA or T4AAA between January 2009 and December 2019 at Toulouse University Hospital. All patients underwent strict pre-operative planning with computed tomography angiography (CTA) and 3D reconstruction of the aortic aneurysm, visceral and renal artery anatomy to choose the most appropriate surgical technique for each case. Primary patency, primary assisted patency, and rates of re-intervention were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: In total, 103 patients, having undergone 159 renal artery revascularisation procedures, were enrolled in the study. Fifty-five patients presented with a type T4AAA and 48 patients with a SRAA. In hospital mortality was 2.9%. In association with aortic surgery, 100 direct re-implantation (62.8%), 48 retrograde bypasses (30.1%), and 11 anterograde bypasses (6.9%) of the renal arteries were performed. Median follow up was 45.9 ± 36 months. Renal artery primary patency rates were 99.4%, 96.4%, and 93.1% at one, three, and five years, respectively. Assisted primary patency rates were 99.4%, 97.7%, and 97.7% at one, three, and five years, respectively, with five cases of renal stenosis > 70% successfully treated by renal stenting. No significant difference in patency was found regarding the type of renal revascularisation. CONCLUSION: This retrospective study suggests that the mid term patency of elective open renal artery reconstruction during SRAA and type T4AAA surgery preceded by pre-operative planning with 3D-CTA reconstruction, yields excellent outcomes whatever the technique used.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22157, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925775

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are effective and minimally invasive treatment options for high-risk surgical candidates. Nevertheless, knowledge about the management of aortic stent graft therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is scarce. This study aimed to examine outcomes after EVAR and TEVAR in patients with CKD.Utilizing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we retrospectively assessed patients who underwent EVAR and TEVAR therapy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2013. Patients were divided into CKD and non-CKD groups. Outcomes were in-hospital mortality, all-cause mortality, readmission, heart failure, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events.There were 1019 patients in either group after matching. The CKD group had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than the non-CKD group (15.2% vs 8.3%, respectively; odds ratio, 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46-2.54). Patients with CKD had higher risks of all-cause mortality including in-hospital death (46.1% vs 33.1%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.35-1.92), readmission rate (62.6% vs 55.0%; subdistribution HR [SHR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.32-1.69), redo stent (7.8% vs 6.2%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.09-2.07), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (13.3% vs 8.8%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.15-1.95). The subgroup analysis did not demonstrate a variation in mortality between the TEVAR and EVAR cohorts (P for interaction = .725). The dialysis group had higher risks of all-cause mortality and readmission than the CKD without dialysis and non-CKD groups.Among EVAR/TEVAR recipients, CKD was independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality, postoperative complication, and all-cause mortality rates. Patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis had worse outcomes than those in the CKD non-dialysis and non-CKD groups.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aneurisma , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Medicina Estatal , Taiwan
6.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105143, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The surgical procedure most appropriate for treating symptomatic Riles type 1A common carotid artery occlusion (CCAO) is unclear. This study compares the effects of ring-stripping retrograde endarterectomy (RSRE) and carotid artery crossover bypass (CACB) on cerebral perfusion improvement in patients with symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO patients treated at our centre. Postoperative improvements in the ipsilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) flow rate, ipsilateral cerebral blood perfusion (CBP) and the stroke recurrence rate were compared between patients who underwent RSRE and those who underwent CACB. RESULTS: A total of 20 CCAO patients were surgically treated at our centre from 2011 to 2018. Nine of these patients underwent RSRE, and eleven underwent CACB. No significant differences were identified between the groups in the ipsilateral blood flow rate of the ICA immediately after surgery and the ipsilateral-to-contralateral mean transit time ratios 1 day after surgery. However, the flow rate in the ICA was significantly higher in the RSRE group than in the CACB group 1 year after surgery (135.44 ± 19.22 ml/min vs. 116.36 ± 17.70 ml/min, p = 0.033). For CBP, the ipsilateral-to-contralateral mean transit time ratios were significantly lower in RSRE patients than in CACB patients 1 year after surgery (1.005 ± 0.052 vs. 1.064 ± 0.066, p = 0.044). In addition, the postoperative modified Rankin scale (mRS) score at the latest follow-up point (p = 0.884) and the stroke recurrence rate during the follow-up (88.9% vs. 90.9%, p > 0.999) were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although the postoperative mRS score and the stroke recurrence rate were not significantly different between RSRE and CACB patients, compared to CACB, RSRE was better for improving the ipsilateral ICA flow rate and cerebral perfusion in symptomatic Riles type 1A CCAO patients.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/cirurgia , Estenose das Carótidas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia das Carótidas , Idoso , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/fisiopatologia , Artéria Carótida Interna/fisiopatologia , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Endarterectomia das Carótidas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Med Vasc ; 45(5): 254-259, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional open repair of a traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is associated with a significantly high mortality and morbidity rates. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is currently often performed because it is a less invasive treatment than surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate short and mid-term results of TEVAR in traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2010 and 2018 including patients who underwent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmic rupture. RESULTS: Thirty-six consecutive patients were included. All patients had sustained a violent blunt chest trauma after a sudden deceleration with associated injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) was 40 (14-66). All patients were hemodynamically stable at admission. We deployed thoracic aorta stent grafts with a mean diameter of 26mm (18-36). The procedural success rate was 100%. We reported one intra-operative complication which was a distal migration of the graft, managed by an implantation of an aortic extension graft. On the first postoperative day, one patient presented an acute lower limb ischemia, probably due to the surgical femoral access, treated with an embolectomy with a Fogarty catheter with satisfactory results. The mean follow-up was 40.41 months (6.5-96). The mortality and paraplegia rates were 0% at one month and during the follow-up period. We reported a case of kinking of the graft that occurred at 6 months. No cases of endoleak neither re-intervention were reported. CONCLUSION: TEVAR is a safe and a reliable method for the treatment of sub-acute traumatic thoracic aortic injuries.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 386-393, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current treatment for acute retrograde type A intramural haematoma (IMH) remains challenging. Aortic remodelling in both the ascending aorta (AA) and descending thoracic aorta (DTA) was evaluated and the 30 day and mid term outcomes were determined in patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for retrograde type A IMH with a primary intimal tear or ulcer like projection in the DTA METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicentre observational study. Clinical data, including post-operative mortality and adverse event, aorta related re-intervention, aortic remodelling, and the survival rate of 18 non-consecutive patients with acute retrograde type A IMH undergoing TEVAR between June 2006 and March 2018 were reviewed. RESULTS: The median age at repair was 58.1 years (range 38-86) and 14 (78%) were men. Eight patients (44%) presented with haemopericardium, and 10 (56%) underwent TEVAR within 24 h. The mean IMH thickness and AA diameter were 10.4 ± 3.6 and 45.7 ± 4.6 mm, respectively. Among all patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, 11 patients presented with classical type B aortic dissection and seven with type B IMH. All procedures were technically successful. The median follow up was 28.7 months (range 7-78). No 30 day mortality was observed. Three patients developed post-procedure adverse events. Of these, two patients had neurological events, with one each having cerebrovascular and spinal cord infarction individually, and the third patient required long term haemodialysis with ventilator support. The overall survival rate was 100%. The maximum diameter of the AA and the IMH in the AA significantly decreased after TEVAR. Aortic remodelling was also observed in the DTA along the length of TEVAR coverage. CONCLUSION: In selected patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, TEVAR offered a treatment alternative to open surgical grafting and medical follow up.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hematoma/cirurgia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 403-409, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vein is regarded superior to artificial graft in peripheral arterial bypass surgery. However, this option is often limited owing to previous use or removal of the ipsilateral greater saphenous vein (iGSV). In this case, the contralateral great saphenous vein (cGSV), the small saphenous vein (SSV), or arm veins (AV) are possible alternatives. Experience with all three grafts for below knee vein bypass is reported. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated at an academic tertiary referral centre between January 1998 and July 2018 using the cGSV, SSV, or AV as the main peripheral bypass graft were analysed. Study end points were primary patency, secondary patency, limb salvage, and survival. RESULTS: Over the observed time period, 2642 bypass operations for treatment of peripheral artery disease with below knee target arteries were performed at the authors' institution: 1937 procedures using the iGSV; 644 bypass procedures using the cGSV (n = 186; 28.9%), SSV (n = 101; 15.7%), or AV (n = 357; 55.4%); and 61 procedures using a prosthetic graft. The median follow up period was 2.3 years (range 9 days-18.5 years). Thirty day mortality was 1.9% for the whole group and similar between the three groups. After five years, primary and secondary patency rates were comparable between the three groups. Secondary patency was 75% (95% confidence interval [CI] 66-83) in the cGSV and SSV groups, and 65% (95% CI 57-73) in the AV group (p = .47). Limb salvage and survival after five years were, respectively, 73% (95% CI 65-81) and 89% (95% CI 82-95) in the cGSV group, 79% (95% CI 69-89) and 87% (95% CI 79-95) in the SSV group, and 74% (95% CI 68-80) and 83% (77-89) in the AV group (p = .46). CONCLUSION: All three types of alternative autologous vein graft are equal regarding outcome parameters. Vascular surgeons should consider all autologous options if their preferred choice is not available.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
14.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 568-577, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are the second best option for haemodialysis access when native arteriovenous fistulae placement is not possible, because they have a lower patency owing to neointimal hyperplasia at the venous anastomosis. This review aimed to evaluate the effect of geometric graft modification to the graft-vein interface on AVG patency. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE and Embase (OvidSP) databases were systematically searched for relevant studies analysing the effect of geometrically modified AVGs on graft patency and stenosis formation (last search July 2019). REVIEW METHODS: Data regarding AVG type, patency, and graft outlet stenosis was extracted for further evaluation. Data were pooled in a random effects model to estimate the relative risk of graft occlusion within one year. Follow up, number of patients, and relevant patient characteristics were extracted for the quality assessment of the included studies using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. The quality of the evidence was determined according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) system. RESULTS: Search strategies produced 2772 hits, of which eight articles met predetermined inclusion criteria. Overall, the included articles had low to moderate risk of bias. In total, 414 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene AVGs (232 geometrically modified and 182 standard) were analysed, comprising two modified AVG types: a prosthetic cuff design (Venaflo®) and grafts with a Tyrell vein patch. Overall, modified grafts did not show a statistically significantly higher one year primary (relative risk [RR] 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 95% 0.64-1.16; GRADE: "low to very low") or secondary patency (RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.32-1.02; GRADE: "low to very low") when compared with standard AVGs. Analysis of prosthetic cuffed grafts (112 patients) separately demonstrated a statistically significantly higher one year primary (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.61-0.91) and one year secondary patency (RR 0.47, 95% CI 0.30-0.75) compared with standard grafts (92 patients). The results on stenosis formation were inconclusive and inadmissible to quantitative analyses. CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis showed that a prosthetic cuff design significantly improves AVG patency, while a venous cuff does not. Although the heterogeneity and low number of available studies limit the strength of the results, this review shows the potential of grafts with geometric modification to the graft-vein anastomosis and should stimulate further clinical and fundamental research on improving graft geometry to improve graft patency.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Diálise Renal , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 718-724, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744153

RESUMO

Endoleak is the most frequent complication following endovascular aneurysm repair, which is not present in the surgical counterpart. The most frequent type of endoleak corresponds to type II, and its natural history remains poorly understood. Therefore, their treatment continues to be a topic of debate. The vast majority of the studies found in the literature are of a retrospective nature, and there are no prospective studies comparing intervention versus a conservative approach. Future studies should aim to compare not only different approaches to resolve type II endoleak but also when should be the right time to treat them, with the primary purpose of avoiding sac rupture. The objective of this review is to provide the reader with a literature overview about type II endoleaks to help in the decision-making process on this topic.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Endoleak/classificação , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/terapia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 752-755, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783501
17.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 756-759, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787696

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report a case who required a thoracic endovascular stenting (TEVAR) following the deployment of frozen elephant trunk due to false lumen expansion. CASE REPORT: A 47 years old male patient undergone emergency repair of acute type A aortic dissection in 2011 with bioprosthetic aortic root conduit. Seven years later he presented with moderate aortic valve disease and expanding chronic dissection of the aortic arch, therefore a redo operation with replacement of the prosthetic aortic valve, ascending aorta, total arch and deployment of frozen elephant trunk and he was discharged in good health. Several days post discharge he presented with new onset of chest pain and a new dissection involved the thoracoabdominal aorta was noted pressing on the true lumen and the frozen elephant trunk. Following a multi-disciplinary team meeting, TEVAR was deemed as a most appropriate approach and this was achieved successfully, and patient was discharged. At 1 year of follow up, he remains well and asymptomatic. CONCLUSION: Close imaging follow-up following deployment of a FET is mandatory. A new acute Type B aortic dissection distal to the FET, that causes false lumen propagation parallel to the stented portion, is a surgical emergency and further intervention mandated.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Falha de Prótese , Stents , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 729-733, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32838685

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is progressively being applied in the elderly population. Type II endoleaks are common and mostly benign, but they are related to more aneurysm sac expansion after EVAR. They may lead to rupture in <1% of cases. We present a case of a centenarian with a post-EVAR rupture, related to type II endoleak, and discuss the use of EVAR on the management of this type of endoleak in an extremely old patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 102-year-old man with a history of EVAR 12 years earlier, presented to the emergency department with a drop of consciousness. A computed tomography revealed a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. Angiography showed a type II endoleak related to patent lumbar arteries deriving from collateral branches of the right internal iliac artery. Embolization was not successful and subsequently the ostium of the iliolumbar artery was overstented, obliterating the feeding branch. The postoperative course was complicated by a deterioration of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and patient was discharged home on the seventh postprocedural day; nonetheless, he died on postoperative day sixteenth due to respiratory complications. CONCLUSION: Complications following EVAR are a real threat and emphasize the need for follow-up. The current case report shows that age per se should not be a contraindication for EVAR nor for follow-up. Also, late ruptures due to type II endoleaks could be treated in the very elderly population although larger series are required for robust conclusions.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/etiologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/terapia , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/terapia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 633-637, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648523

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has quickly outpaced open treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and iliac artery aneurysms, relegating most open AAA repair for either young patients with long life expectancy or patients with extreme anatomic constraints. Typically, open repair involves opening the aneurysm sac with suture ligation of back-bleeding vessels. However, in situations where an aortobifemoral repair is performed, proximal and distal ligation can be performed leaving behind a "remnant" aorta and iliac arteries. Usually, major palpable vessels are ligated and small lumbars spontaneously thrombose. However, failure of this to occur can lead to a rare situation in which there is persistent filling of a remnant aorta and aneurysm sac leading to a situation similar to a type II endoleak after EVAR. Typically, this leak has been repaired by open ligation. We present a technique for endovascular coiling and thrombin injection to correct a "type II endoleak" from a back-bleeding lumbar artery after open aortoiliac and femoral aneurysm repair.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Embolização Terapêutica , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Trombina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Arteriais , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
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