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1.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 4097-4100, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018899

RESUMO

A low-cost and enzyme-free glucose paper sensor is presented as a promising alternative to glucose test strips. This paper-based glucose sensor is prepared with molecularly imprinted (MIP) polyaniline (PANI) electrode. The determination of glucose concentrations was studied by the impedance change of the paper sensor before and after the blood samples dispensing at a low frequency. A comparison of the linear and polynomial regression was applied to analyze the impedance ratio as a function of glucose concentrations. The proposed glucose paper sensor showed a limit of detection (LoD) of 1.135 mM. This novel and non-enzymatic paper sensor suggests a low-cost glucose test assay and can improve the quality of routine testing for diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Eletrodos , Glucose , Humanos , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Limite de Detecção
2.
Pharm Res ; 37(10): 193, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914377

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The incidence of breast cancer worldwide has been on the rise since the late 1970s, and it has become a common tumor that threatens women's health. Aminoglutethimide (AG) is a common treatment of breast cancer. However, current treatments require frequent dosing that results in unstable plasma concentration and low bioavailability, risking serious adverse reactions. Our goal was to develop a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) based delivery system to control the release of AG and demonstrate the availability of this drug delivery system (DDS), which was doped with carbon nanotube with aid of metal-organic gel. METHODS: Preparation of MIP was optimized by key factors including composition of formula, ratio of monomers and drug loading concentration. RESULTS: By using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and metal-organic gels (MOGs), MIP doubled the specific surface area, pore volume tripled and the IF was 1.6 times than the reference. Compared with commercial tablets, the relative bioavailability was 143.3% and a more stable release appeared. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the influence of MWCNT and MOGs on MIP, which has great potential as a DDS.


Assuntos
Aminoglutetimida/química , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Aminoglutetimida/administração & dosagem , Aminoglutetimida/farmacocinética , Animais , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacocinética , Complexos de Coordenação/administração & dosagem , Compostos Férricos/química , Géis/administração & dosagem , Géis/química , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Masculino , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Ratos , Ácidos Tricarboxílicos/química
3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112604, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980805

RESUMO

Virus severely endangers human life and health, and the detection of viruses is essential for the prevention and treatment of associated diseases. Metal-organic framework (MOF), a novel hybrid porous material which is bridged by the metal clusters and organic linkers, has become a promising biosensor platform for virus detection due to its outstanding properties including high surface area, adjustable pore size, easy modification, etc. However, the MOF-based sensing platforms for virus detection are rarely summarized. This review systematically divided the detection platforms into nucleic acid and immunological (antigen and antibody) detection, and the underlying sensing mechanisms were interpreted. The nucleic acid sensing was discussed based on the properties of MOF (such as metal ion, functional group, geometry structure, size, porosity, stability, etc.), revealing the relationship between the sensing performance and properties of MOF. Moreover, antibodies sensing based on the fluorescence detection and antigens sensing based on molecular imprinting or electrochemical immunoassay were highlighted. Furthermore, the remaining challenges and future development of MOF for virus detection were further discussed and proposed. This review will provide valuable references for the construction of sophisticated sensing platform for the detection of viruses, especially the 2019 coronavirus.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Viroses/virologia , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/análise , Antígenos Virais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Humanos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Imunoensaio/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Impressão Molecular/instrumentação , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Ácidos Nucleicos/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Viroses/diagnóstico
4.
J Chromatogr A ; 1626: 461346, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797826

RESUMO

A molecularly imprinted polymer was synthesized and characterized to be used as solid-phase extraction sorbent for simultaneous chlorpyrifos and diazinon and their oxon derivatives. Several imprinted polymers were prepared and evaluated in a retention study of these analytes compared with a non-printed polymer. Several parameters affecting the extraction of imprinted polymer such as washing solvent, composition and volume of the eluting solvent and sample volume, were also investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the developed method provided satisfactory limits of detection ranging between 0.07 µg L-1 to 0.12 µg L-1 and the material showed an excellent reusability (> 50 reuses). The method was applied to the extraction and preconcentration of these analytes in water samples. The average recoveries ranged from 79 ± 6 to 104 ± 3 %.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Impressão Molecular , Praguicidas/análise , Clorpirifos/análise , Clorpirifos/isolamento & purificação , Diazinon/análise , Diazinon/isolamento & purificação , Água Doce/análise , Limite de Detecção , Praguicidas/isolamento & purificação , Polímeros/química , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461415, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823113

RESUMO

A molecularly imprinted polymeric monolith was synthesized in an aqueous environment in 15 min via UV-irradiation. The imprinted monolith was composed of hydroxyethyl methacrylate as monomer, dimethyl amino ethyl methacrylate as functional monomer, methylene bisacrylamide and piperazine diacrylamide as crosslinkers and human serum albumin as template molecule. The synthesis took place in a PDMS-based device (2.5 cm long) yielding a micro-solid phase extraction column (3 × 5 mm) with two built-in fingertight connectors for an infusion pump and fraction collector. The imprinted monolith displayed the characteristic features of a porous polymeric monolith, had dimethyl amino ethyl methacrylate and human serum albumin as functional groups within the monolith and showed high permeability (0.51 × 10-13 m2). 85% of the imprinted cavities were readily available for rebinding of human serum albumin with an imprinting factor of 1.3. In comparison to a non-imprinted monolith, molecular imprinting increased human serum albumin adsorption by > 30%. Imprinted monolith displayed selectivity for human serum albumin over other competing proteins (human transferrin, ovalbumin and carbonic anhydrase) with similar or different isoelectric points and size. Human serum albumin was adsorbed (in dynamic mode) with > 98% selectivity from diluted human plasma using the imprinted monolith device. Device to device reproducibility and reusability of the device for 5 cycles showcase the imprinted monolith micro-device efficiency.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Proteínas/isolamento & purificação , Microextração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Adsorção , Etilaminas/química , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Permeabilidade , Polímeros/química , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Albumina Sérica Humana/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
6.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237583, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804936

RESUMO

Identification and quantification of plant flavonoids are critical to pharmacokinetic study and pharmaceutical quality control due to their distinct pharmacological functions. Here we report on a novel plant flavonoid electrochemical sensor for sensitive and selective detection of dihydromyricetin (DMY) based on double- layered membranes consisting of gold nanoparticles (Au) anchored on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Both rGO-Au and MIPs membranes were directly formed on GCE via in-situ electrochemical reduction and polymerization processes step by step. The compositions, morphologies, and electrochemical properties of membranes were investigated with X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) combined with various electrochemical methods. The fabricated electrochemical sensor labeled as GCE│rGO-Au/MIPs exhibited excellent performance in determining of DMY under optimal experimental conditions. A wide linear detection range (LDR) ranges from 2.0×10-8 to 1.0×10-4 M together with a low limit of detection (LOD) of 1.2×10-8 M (S/N = 3) were achieved. Moreover, the electrochemical sensor was employed to determine DMY in real samples with satisfactory results.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Grafite/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Eletrodos , Ouro , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Impressão Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
7.
J Chromatogr A ; 1626: 461364, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797843

RESUMO

A new type of restricted access media-imprinted nanomaterials (RAM-MIPs) were successfully prepared on the surface of metal-organic framework by reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization technology. Then it was applied as a dispersed solid phase extraction (DSPE) material in analysis of fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, pefloxacin, norfloxacin, enrofloxacin and gatifloxacin) in untreated milk and river water by HPLC-UV detection. The resulted material has a good binding amounts (60.81 mg g-1), rapid binding kinetic (15 min) and satisfactory selectivity as well as has a good ability to eliminate matrix interference. Several major factors affecting DSPE efficiency, pH of sample solution, dosage of RAM-MIPs, adsorption time and volume ratios of elution solvent were primarily optimized. In optimization conditions, RAM-MIPs-DSPE was combined with HPLC-UV to enrich fluoroquinolones in untreated milk and river water, achieving satisfactory linear correlation (R2 > 0.9988), good limits of detection (LOD, 1.02-3.15 µg L-1 for milk and 0.93-2.87 µg L-1 for river water) and better recoveries (80.7-103.5% and 85.1-105.9% with relative standard deviation (RSD) of not higher than 5.3% and 4.7% for milk and river water samples, respectively). The research results illustrate that it provides a simple and efficient method for the direct detection of FQs in complex samples.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Fluoroquinolonas/análise , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Leite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Rios/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Animais , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fluoroquinolonas/isolamento & purificação , Impressão Molecular , Polimerização
8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461400, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823105

RESUMO

In this work, a single cross-linking functional monomer, 2,5-divinylterephthalaldehyde, was designed and synthesized to simplify the preparation of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). In the presence of estradiol as a template, MIPs were successfully prepared using 2,5-divinylterephthalaldehyde along with a solvent and initiator. This method reduced most of the complex variables encountered in the traditional synthesis. Characterization of the morphology and structure of the MIPs was performed by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis. Compared with non-imprinted polymers, the MIPs had higher adsorption capacities for five estrogens with imprinting factors above 2.9. The MIPs had high extraction efficiencies, good functional properties, long lifetimes, and good reproducibility, which made them suitable for solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Coupled with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, the MIP-based fibers were applied to SPME for the analysis of five estrogens in milk samples. Under the best conditions, the established method had a wide linear range (0.5-10000 ng kg-1), low limits of detection (0.08-0.26 ng kg-1) and quantification (0.26-0.87 ng kg-1), good precision (3.2-8.1%, n = 6), and fiber-to-fiber reproducibility (4.3%-8.8%, n = 3). The MIPs-based fibers can be reused at least 60 times without apparent loss of extraction efficiency. Finally, this method was applied to the determination of target estrogens in milk samples with satisfactory relative recoveries (84.3%-105%, relative standard deviation ≤ 7.8%).


Assuntos
Estrogênios/isolamento & purificação , Leite/química , Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/química , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estradiol/análise , Estrogênios/análise , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solventes/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Water Sci Technol ; 81(10): 2176-2188, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701495

RESUMO

In order to reduce the environmental impact of benzoic acid (BA), molecular imprinted polymers based on attapulgite were facilely prepared by molecular imprinted technique. The samples were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermal gravimetric analysis. The adsorption performance, regeneration stability, and competitive selectivity of BA by benzoic acid-surface molecular imprinted polymers (BA-MIP) were systematically investigated by experiments. For this material, it has a high adsorption capacity of 41 mg/g and an equilibrium adsorption time of about 150 min. Compared with non-imprinted polymers, BA-MIP has a higher adsorption capacity for BA, and the dynamic adsorption behavior of BA by both of them conforms to the quasi-second-order kinetic model. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm equation was fitted the isothermal adsorption experiment. The thermodynamic analysis shows that the adsorption process is an exothermic reaction. The adsorption capacity of BA first increases and then decreases with an increase in pH, and the maximum adsorption capacity is reached at pH = 5. BA-MIP also has excellent selective adsorption capacity and regeneration stability for BA.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros , Adsorção , Ácido Benzoico , Compostos de Magnésio , Compostos de Silício , Água
10.
Food Chem ; 332: 127376, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615382

RESUMO

In this work, a molecularly imprinted sensor employing copper sulfide (CuS) as a novel signal probe was successfully developed for ultrasensitive and selective determination of sulfathiazole (STZ). The reduction signals of Cu2+ produced in the process of electron transfer of CuS containing large amounts of Cu2+ are easy to be captured, which provide high electrochemical signals. Moreover, gold nanoparticles@covalent organic framework with excellent conductivity was introduced on the electrode surface for signal amplification and facilitating electron transfer processes of CuS. Under optimized testing conditions, the proposed sensor offered a linear DPV response to STZ over a very wide concentration range (1.0 × 10-4 to 1.0 × 10-11 mol L-1), with a limit of detection of 4.3 × 10-12 mol L-1. Fodder and mutton samples spiked with STZ were analyzed using this sensor, and the satisfactory recoveries ranging from 83.0% to 107.2% were obtained. In addition, the proposed sensor was used to determine the concentration of STZ in chicken liver and pork liver, with quantification results being near identical to those determined by high-performance liquid chromatography.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Eletroquímica/instrumentação , Ouro/química , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Impressão Molecular , Sulfatiazóis/análise , Eletrodos , Sulfatiazóis/química
11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 157: 111333, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658697

RESUMO

Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) cause risks to human health through food chains. Understanding the change of PSTs in seawater is critical for predicting the safety of seafood. Most reported methods for the detection of PSTs in microalgae or shellfish are not applicable in seawater because of extremely low concentration and matrix interferences. High resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), quadrupole exactive orbitrap detects molecular ions accurately, and molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) is recognized effective to reduce the matrix interference. GTXs 2&3 are two of common marine toxins in PSTs. In this study, a sensitive method consisting MISPE and liquid chromatography LC-HRMS was developed for the detection of GTXs 2&3 with a limit of detection (LOD) of 47.4 ng/L in seawater. With this method, samples obtained from the estuaries of the Shuangtaizi and Daliao Rivers were analyzed, and the results indicated the concentrations were lower than LOD in the area under investigation.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Saxitoxina/análogos & derivados , Água do Mar , Extração em Fase Sólida
12.
Food Chem ; 333: 127524, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679418

RESUMO

Semicarbazide (SEM) is a protein-bound nitrofurazone metabolite that is detrimental to human health. Therefore, to ensure food safety, it is necessary to detect SEM in food samples. To this end, we developed a novel electrochemical sensor to detect SEM by using a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) as the recognition element. Computer-aided molecular modelling was performed to guide the synthesis of the MIP, and subsequently, MIP/carboxylated single-walled carbon-nanotubes/chitosan (MIP/SWNTs-COOH/CS) was prepared as the sensing platform to develop the electrochemical sensor. The linear range of the sensor was 0.04-7.6 ng mL-1, with a detection limit of 0.025 ng mL-1. The sensor was successfully applied to detect SEM in four different real samples, with recoveries ranging from 83.16% to 93.40%. The results indicated that the fabricated electrochemical sensor can be widely applied to detect SEM in the environment and in agri-food products.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Impressão Molecular , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Semicarbazidas/análise , Eletrodos , Mel/análise , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Carne/análise , Polímeros/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
13.
Food Chem ; 333: 127540, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682226

RESUMO

A novel of magnetic dummy-template molecularly imprinted polymers (mag-MWCNTs-DMIPs) were prepared by surface molecular imprinting technique. The structure of polymers were characterized and the binding properties were assessed by adsorption experiments. The synthetic mag-MWCNTs-DMIPs exhibit satisfying adsorption capacity, excellent selectivity and fast adsorption rate toward phenoxy carboxylic acid (PCA) herbicides. Afterwards, a reliable analytical method for selective separation and determination of trace PCA herbicides in cereals was established by using magnetic solid-phase extraction (mag-MWCNTs-DMIPs as magnetic adsorbent) and UPLC-MS/MS detection. A series of requisite factors were optimized in detail to achieve expected extraction performance. Under the optimum MSPE parameters, the mean spiked recoveries for analytes in different cereals ranged from 86.7% to 95.2% with intra- and inter-day precision not greater than 8.5% and 10.6%, respectively. At last, the developed method was successfully utilized for determination the four PCA herbicides in actual cereals.


Assuntos
Ácidos Carboxílicos/análise , Ácidos Carboxílicos/isolamento & purificação , Grão Comestível/química , Herbicidas/química , Impressão Molecular , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Imãs/química , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/química , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Food Chem ; 333: 127477, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673956

RESUMO

As a veterinary antibiotic, lincomycin (LIN) residues in milk are raising concerns of public on account of potential harm to human health. Efficient strategy is eagerly desired for detection of LIN from milk samples. Hence, lincomycin molecularly imprinted membranes (LINMIMs) were developed for selective separation of LIN as an efficient pretreatment of milk samples. The synergistic effect of polyethylenimine and dopamine provided effective antifouling performance by improving the hydrophilicity. Based on click chemistry, specific recognition sites were facilely formed on membranes using 4-vinylpyridine as functional monomers. The satisfactory rebinding capacity (151.62 mg g-1), permselectivity (4.43), together with the linear dependence (R2 = 0.9902) of concentrations in eluents and original samples. Moreover, the method was utilized to determine LIN from milk, with good recovery and relative standard deviation. Achievements in this work will actively promote the development of efficient detection technology.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Lincomicina/análise , Lincomicina/isolamento & purificação , Membranas Artificiais , Leite/química , Impressão Molecular , Animais , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Resíduos de Drogas/isolamento & purificação
15.
Food Chem ; 332: 127404, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623127

RESUMO

Coumarins, derivatives of cinnamic acid, are found in wines aged in wooden barrels. The lab-made molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP), selective for simple coumarins, were used in three forms, as sorbents in solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge or pipette tip and coated on to the surface of magnetite for magnetic extraction. MIP-7-hydroxycoumarin had greater selectivity and extraction efficiency (recoveries above 75%, RSDs less than 6%) compared with conventional SPE sorbents (C18 and styrene-divinylbenzene polymeric types). Batch extraction with MIP coated on to magnetic particles was relatively time-consuming compared with conventional and pipette tip SPE. The advantage of pipette tip SPE was reduced solvent volumes. LOQs for MISPE offline coupled with HPLC were less than 1.5 µg mL-1 and 12 ng mL-1 for UV and fluorescence detectors, respectively. 6-Methoxy-7-hydroxycoumarin and 4-methyl-7-hydroxycoumarin were detected in Slovak Tokaj wines using method with coumarin-specific sorbents.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cumarínicos/química , Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/química , Solventes/química , Estireno/química
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1623: 461200, 2020 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32505289

RESUMO

Selectivity and high throughput are important for determination of trace level of various organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) in environmental matrices. In this work, three selective monolithic fibers for solid phase microextraction (SPME) were prepared and evaluated. They are graphene oxide (GO)-based surface trimethyl phosphate (TMP) imprinted polymeric fiber (GO/TMP-IPF), GO-based surface tri (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) imprinted polymeric fiber (GO/TCEP-IPF) and GO-based surface triphenyl phosphate (TPhP) imprinted polymeric fiber (GO/TPhP-IPF). The imprinting factors of GO/TMP-IPF for TMP, GO/TECP-IPF for TCEP and GO/TPhP-IPF for TPhP were tested as high as 4.3, 4.5, 10.3, respectively. The three fibers were bound to a stainless steel wire to assemble a GO-based surface molecularly imprinted polymeric fiber array (GO/MIP-FA). GO/MIP-FA-SPME device was coupled to gas chromatography-flame photometric detector and carried out simultaneous determination of TMP, TCEP and TPhP in environmental water. Under the optimal conditions, ultralow limits of quantification (1.7 ng L-1-5.0 ng L-1); linearity (>0.99); intra- and inter-day precision expressed as relative standard deviations for an array in the range of 4.9-8.6% and 5.8-8.2%, respectively, and array-to-array reproducibility in the range of 7.2-9.1% were obtained. The GO/MIP-FA-SPME technique was successfully applied for the determination of OPFRs in various environmental water samples, and the relative recoveries were found to be in the range from 72.4 to 112.0%.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama/análise , Grafite/química , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Organofosfatos/análise , Polímeros/química , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Resíduos Industriais/análise , Cinética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura
17.
Food Chem ; 328: 127063, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485582

RESUMO

A magnetic fluorescence probe was fabricated by coating carbon quantum dots-doped molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) layers on the surface of Fe3O4 particles (MFMP) for detection of N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) signaling molecules. N-Z-L-homoserine lactone molecular was used as the template to prepare AHLs MIP layers, employing MAA and HEMA as functional monomers. The developed MFMP owned superparamagnetism, fluorescence, fast response and class-selectivity. If AHLs (C4-HSL, C6-HSL, C8-HSL, C10-HSL, C12-HSL and C14-HSL) were captured by the MFMP, they quenched the fluorescence of the probe. Fluorescence dropped linearly in the concentration ranges of 3.65 × 10-3 µmol/L-0.96 × 10-1 µmol/L for AHLs. The MFMP was applied to the analysis of fish juice and milk samples, and recoveries ranged from 83.10% to 90.74% with relative standard deviation less than 5.1%. This study offered a novel strategy to fabricated AHLs fluorescence probe with great potential for wide-ranging application in agri-food products.


Assuntos
Acil-Butirolactonas/análise , Carbono/química , Peixes , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Leite/química , Impressão Molecular , Pontos Quânticos/química , Animais , Imãs/química , Polímeros/síntese química
18.
Food Chem ; 331: 127311, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569967

RESUMO

A magnetic hydrophilic molecularly imprinted material (MIM) with multiple stimuli-responses was prepared for efficient recognition of bisphenol A (BPA). MIM consisted of a magnetic core, an inner silica dioxide shell and an outer hydrophilic polymer shell, responsive for rapid magnetic separation, protection of the magnetic core and pH-/thermo-sensitivity to BPA, respectively. Controlled adsorption and release of BPA by pH/temperature regulation were realized through the reversible components of poly[N-isopropylacrylamide-co-2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (NIPAM-DMAEMA)] (PND). The resultant MIM possessed superior affinity, selectivity and kinetics to BPA in aqueous solution. MIM was successfully applied to detect BPA in beverages via dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE) coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), exhibiting satisfactory recoveries of 80.70-108.18% with relative standard deviations (RSD) below 6.08%. The limit of detection of BPA was obtained as low as 3.75 nmol/L. The versatile MIM could be a promising alternative for extraction/removal of BPA in complicated samples by multiple-stimuli regulations.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/química , Bebidas/análise , Imãs/química , Impressão Molecular , Fenóis/química , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/síntese química , Adsorção , Compostos Benzidrílicos/análise , Compostos Benzidrílicos/isolamento & purificação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Metacrilatos/química , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Silício/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
19.
Food Chem ; 329: 127162, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492599

RESUMO

We report for the first time the use of biochar as a stabilizer for oil-in-water (o/w) Pickering emulsion. The emulsion is subsequently used to prepare tetracycline-imprinted biochar composite microspheres (MIPMs) with tailored sizes and good uniformity. The adsorption properties of tetracycline to the MIPMs were investigated using different adsorption experiments including adsorption kinetic experiment, equilibrium binding experiment, selectivity evaluation and competitive adsorption tests. The MIPMs were used as adsorbent for solid phase extraction (SPE) for the extraction of tetracycline present in drinking water, fish, and chicken samples. Under optimal conditions, the results showed good recovery yield ranging from ~73% to ~95% with a relative standard deviation (RSD) ranging from ~0.3% to ~8.4%, respectively.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Emulsões/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Tetraciclina/isolamento & purificação , Adsorção , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise de Alimentos/instrumentação , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Microesferas , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Extração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
20.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 158: 111363, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568079

RESUMO

This research describes the application of magnetic molecularly imprinted nano-sized polymers (MMIPs) for the selective extraction and fast detection of malachite green (MG) from marine sediment samples followed by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The novel material was prepared by surface imprinting using methacrylic acid as the functional monomer for fixing the template molecules. The polymers obtained at each step were thoroughly studied by transmission electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. Simultaneously, the adsorption performances of the resulting nanoparticles were analysed in detail and an excellent affinity with the MG was revealed. Further, the main parameters of magnetic molecular imprinted solid-phase extraction (MMIP-SPE) were screened via multivariate optimization methods. The magnetic nanoparticles were used as special adsorbents to directly extract MG from crude marine sediment extracts. The developed method exhibits satisfactory recoveries from the spiked samples, ranging from 80.40 to 92.96% with an RSD of less than 5.18% (n = 3).


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros , Adsorção , Sedimentos Geológicos , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Corantes de Rosanilina , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrofotometria
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