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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22422, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019420

RESUMO

Infectious aortitis (IA) is a rare and severe disease. The treatment classically associates open surgery with prolonged antibiotic therapy. This study aimed to describe clinical characteristics, medical and surgical supports in a large and current series of IA.We conducted a retrospective multicenter study of native aorta IA, between 2000 and 2019. Inclusion criteria were the presence of a microorganism on blood culture, aortic sample or any other validated technique and structural anomaly in imaging.We included 55 patients (85% men), with a median age of 65. Microbiology data substantially differed from previous studies with 12 Gram-negative rods IA, of which only 3 due to Salmonella spp., 24 Gram-positive cocci IA of which 12 Streptococcus spp., and 18 IA due to intracellular growth and/or fastidious microorganisms, of which 8 Coxiella burnetii, 3 Treponema pallidum, and 5 tuberculosis suspicious cases. Fifteen patients (27%) presented with thoracic IA, 31 (56%) with abdominal IA, and 9 (16%) with thoraco-abdominal IA. Eight patients had no surgery, 41 underwent open surgery, only 4 endovascular aneurysm repair, and 2 a combination of these 2 techniques. Nine patients died before 1-month follow-up. There was no difference in the mortality rate between the different types of germ or localization of IA.The variety of germs involved in IA increases. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan is a very useful tool for diagnosis. Surgery is still mainly done in open approach and a prospective multicenter study seems necessary to better determine the place of endovascular aneurysm repair versus open surgery.


Assuntos
Aortite/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aortite/microbiologia , Aortite/mortalidade , Aortite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais
2.
Int J STD AIDS ; 31(12): 1222-1224, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903133

RESUMO

Limited information is available concerning the coexistence of COVID-19 and opportunistic infections in people living with HIV. The possible association of COVID-19 with AIDS-related respiratory diseases should be considered, particularly in patients with advance immunosuppression. We report the case of a male patient with AIDS-related disseminated histoplasmosis associated with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/complicações , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Histoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Histoplasmose/diagnóstico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/diagnóstico , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Histoplasmose/complicações , Histoplasmose/virologia , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Masculino
3.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 39(9): 894-903, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) recipients may be particularly vulnerable to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). OHT during the pandemic presents unique challenges in terms of feasibility and safety. METHODS: Chart review was performed for consecutive OHT recipients with COVID-19 and waitlisted patients who underwent OHT from March 1, 2020 to May 15, 2020. RESULTS: Of the approximately 400 OHT recipients followed at our institution, 22 acquired COVID-19. Clinical characteristics included median age 59 (range, 49-71) years, 14 (63.6%) were male, and median time from OHT to infection was 4.6 (2.5-20.6) years. Symptoms included fever (68.2%), gastrointestinal complaints (55%), and cough (46%). COVID-19 was severe or critical in 5 (23%). All patients had elevated inflammatory biomarkers. Immunosuppression was modified in 85% of patients. Most (n = 16, 86.4%) were hospitalized, 18% required intubation, and 14% required vasopressor support. Five patients (23%) expired. None of the patients requiring intubation survived. Five patients underwent OHT during the pandemic. They were all males, ranging from 30 to 59 years of age. Two were transplanted at United Network of Organ Sharing Status 1 or 2, 1 at Status 3, and 2 at Status 4. All were successfully discharged and are alive without allograft dysfunction or rejection. One contracted mild COVID-19 after the index hospitalization. CONCLUSION: OHT recipients with COVID-19 appear to have outcomes similar to the general population hospitalized with COVID-19. OHT during the pandemic is feasible when appropriate precautions are taken. Further study is needed to guide immunosuppression management in OHT recipients affected by COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1268: 335-353, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918227

RESUMO

Although great progress has been achieved during the last decades, the clinical management of organ transplant recipients (OTRs) remains a challenge. OTRs need in general lifelong immunosuppressive therapy that is associated with an increased risk to develop skin cancer and with an unfavorable clinical outcome of these malignancies. Skin cancer prevention measures, including regular full-body examinations, are therefore necessary in OTRs to detect and treat suspicious lesions at an early stage. The frequency of aftercare depends on the individual risk factors of the patient. Patients should apply consistent sun protection with sunscreens and clothing, as well as a monthly self-examination. On the other hand, the need of UVR avoidance increases the risk of vitamin D deficiency, which itself is associated with an increased risk for many diseases, including malignancies. OTRs should therefore be monitored for 25(OH)D status and/or should take vitamin D supplements. It has to be emphasized that an interdisciplinary approach, coordinated by the transplant center, that includes regular skin examinations by a dermatologist, is needed to ensure the best care for the OTRs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Transplantados , Raios Ultravioleta , Vitamina D , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Vitamina D/sangue , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem , Vitaminas/sangue
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(9)2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933909

RESUMO

Autoimmune encephalitis is a rare spectrum of disease that can be a complication of chronic immunosuppression. Diagnosis often requires the presence of antineuronal antibodies, but many causative antibodies have not yet been identified. Antibody-negative autoimmune encephalitis (AbNAE) is especially difficult to diagnose and must rely largely on exclusion of other causes. In chronically immune-suppressed transplant recipients, the differential is broad, likely resulting in underdiagnosis and worse outcomes. Here, we present a 58-year-old liver transplant recipient taking tacrolimus for prevention of chronic rejection who presented with 5 days of confusion, lethargy and lightheadedness. He was diagnosed with AbNAE after an extensive workup and recovered fully after high-dose corticosteroids. Our case highlights the importance of recognising the association between chronic immunosuppression and autoimmune encephalitis. Autoimmune encephalitis, even in the absence of characterised antibodies, should be considered when transplant recipients present with central neurologic symptoms.


Assuntos
Encefalite/induzido quimicamente , Doença de Hashimoto/induzido quimicamente , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos/sangue , Encefalite/sangue , Doença de Hashimoto/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Fatores de Tempo
7.
ESMO Open ; 5(5)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression induced by anticancer therapy in a COVID-19-positive asymptomatic patient with cancer may have a devastating effect and, eventually, be lethal. To identify asymptomatic cases among patients receiving active cancer treatment, the Federico II University Hospital in Naples performs rapid serological tests in addition to hospital standard clinical triage for COVID-19 infection. METHODS: From 6 to 17 April 2020, all candidates for chemotherapy, radiotherapy or target/immunotherapy, if negative at the standard clinical triage on the day scheduled for anticancer treatment, received a rapid serological test on peripheral blood for COVID-19 IgM and IgG detection. In case of COVID-19 IgM and/or IgG positivity, patients underwent a real-time PCR (RT-PCR) SARS-CoV-2 test to confirm infection, and active cancer treatment was delayed. RESULTS: Overall 466 patients, negative for COVID-19 symptoms, underwent serological testing in addition to standard clinical triage. The average age was 61 years (range 25-88 years). Most patients (190, 40.8%) had breast cancer, and chemotherapy with or without immunotherapy was administered in 323 (69.3%) patients. Overall 433 (92.9%) patients were IgG-negative and IgM-negative, and 33 (7.1%) were IgM-positive and/or IgG-positive. Among the latter patients, 18 (3.9%), 11 (2.4%) and 4 (0.9%) were IgM-negative/IgG-positive, IgM-positive/IgG-negative and IgM-positive/IgG-positive, respectively. All 33 patients with a positive serological test, tested negative for RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 test. No patient in our cohort developed symptoms suggestive of active COVID-19 infection. CONCLUSION: Rapid serological testing at hospital admission failed to detect active asymptomatic COVID-19 infection. Moreover, it entailed additional economic and human resources, delayed therapy administrationand increased hospital accesses.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Triagem/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Quimiorradioterapia/efeitos adversos , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/economia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/economia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/imunologia , Pandemias , Admissão do Paciente/economia , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/economia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/estatística & dados numéricos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2529-2538, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948913

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Since the 1970s outcome of aplastic anemia (AA) patients has improved significantly due to the introduction of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) and allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation (HCT). However, patients may suffer from persistent disease, relapse, clonal evolution, graft-versus-host disease and other late effects. Here, we analyse very long-term outcome of all AA patients at our institution comparing not only survival, but also response status and complications. METHODS: Patient charts of all 302 AA patients treated between 1973 and 2017 at the University Hospital Basel, Switzerland, were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: First line treatment was IST in 226 (75%) and HCT in 76 (25%) patients. Overall survival at 30 years was similar in patients treated initially by HCT and IST (44% (±14%), and 40% (± 9%) respectively, with better results in more recent years. Partial and no response occurred more frequently after IST, relapse incidence after IST was 24 %, whereas non-engraftment and graft failure was documented in 15 patients (19 %) after HCT. Clonal evolution to myelodysplastic syndrome / acute myeloid leukemia was 16 % at 25 years in IST patients, 1.3 % in HCT patients, iron overload (18 versus 4 %, p = 0.002) and cardiovascular events (11 versus 1 %, p=0.011) occured significantly more often in IST than HCT treated patients. The majority of long-term survivors, 96% of those alive at 25 years, were in complete remission at last follow up, irrespective of the initial treatment modality. CONCLUSION: Very long term survivors after AA are those with stable hematopoietic recovery.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Hematopoese , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressão , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aloenxertos , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22180, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus-based immunosuppression has resulted in enormous improvements on liver transplantation (LTx) outcomes. However, dose adjustment and medication adherence play a key role in post-transplant treatment success. The aim of the present study is to assess the trough levels and the need for adaptation of therapeutic doses in de novo LTx patients treated with Tacrolimus in the clinical routine, without any intervention to the treatment regimen. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a pilot, prospective, exploratory, monocentric, non-interventional and non-randomized investigator-initiated study. Prospectively maintained data of 100 patients treated with various oral Tacrolimus-based immunosuppressants (Prograf or Envarsus) will be analyzed. The number of required dose adjustments of Tacrolimus formulations used in clinical routine for achieving the target trough level, Tacrolimus trough level, Tacrolimus dosing, concentration/dose ratio, routine laboratory tests, efficacy data (incl. survival, acute rejection, re-transplantation), patients therapy adherence, and infections requiring the need to reduce individual immunosuppressant dosing will be evaluated for each patient. RESULT: This study will evaluate the trough levels and the need for adaptation of therapeutic doses in de novo LTx patients treated with Tacrolimus in the clinical routine, without any intervention to the treatment regimen. CONCLUSION: The HDTACRO study will be the first study to systematically and prospectively evaluate various oral Tacrolimus-based immunosuppressants in de novo liver transplanted patients. If a difference between the therapy-subgroups is evident at the end of the trial, a randomized control trial will eventually be designed. Registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04444817.


Assuntos
Imunossupressão/métodos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Fígado , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Adesão à Medicação , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 404, 2020 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948252

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is quickly spreading all over the world. This virus, which is called SARS-CoV-2, has infected tens of thousands of people. Based on symptoms, the pathogenesis of acute respiratory illness is responsible for highly homogenous coronaviruses as well as other pathogens. Evidence suggests that high inflammation rates, oxidation, and overwhelming immune response probably contribute to pathology of COVID-19. COVID-19 causes cytokine storm, which subsequently leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), often ending up in the death of patients. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotential stem cells that are recognized via self-renewal capacity, generation of clonal populations, and multilineage differentiation. MSCs are present in nearly all tissues of the body, playing an essential role in repair and generation of tissues. Furthermore, MSCs have broad immunoregulatory properties through the interaction of immune cells in both innate and adaptive immune systems, leading to immunosuppression of many effector activities. MSCs can reduce the cytokine storm produced by coronavirus infection. In a number of studies, the administration of these cells has been beneficial for COVID-19 patients. Also, MSCs may be able to improve pulmonary fibrosis and lung function. In this review, we will review the newest research findings regarding MSC-based immunomodulation in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Citocinas/imunologia , Imunossupressão/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Citocinas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia
11.
BMJ ; 370: m2200, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873599

RESUMO

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes chronic hepatitis and has long term complications. Individuals ever infected with HBV are at risk of viral reactivation under certain circumstances. This review summarizes studies on HBV persistence and reactivation with a focus on the definitions and mechanisms. Emphasis is placed on the interplay between HBV replication and host immunity as this interplay determines the patterns of persistence following viral acquisition. Chronic infections exhibit as overt persistence when a defective immune response fails to control the viral replication. The HBV genome persists despite an immune response in the form of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) and integrated DNA, rendering an occult state of viral persistence in individuals whose infection appears to have been resolved. We have described HBV reactivation that occurs because of changes in the virus or the immune system. This review aims to raise the awareness of HBV reactivation and to understand how HBV persists, and discusses the risks of HBV reactivation in a variety of clinical settings.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Replicação Viral/imunologia , Animais , DNA Viral/sangue , Saúde Global , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 661-665, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942820

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of secondary immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in refractory or relapsed severe aplastic anemia. Methods: The hematologic response and safety of 23 patients with refractory or relapsed SAA treated with secondary IST (including ATG/ALG + cyclosporine or HD-CTX) in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 23 patients were involved, including 11 males and 12 females, with a median age of 21 (11-62) years. In the refractory group, the interval of IST was 7 (6-12) months. In the relapsed group, on the other hand, the interval between two courses of IST was 39 (14-51) months. At 6 months after IST, the overall response rate was 69.5% (16/23) ; 60% (6/10) of the refractory group vs 77% (10/13) of the relapsed group; 64% (7/11) of the ATG/ALG group vs 75% (9/12) of the HD-CTX group. Among the patients who got the hematologic response, two patients relapsed again, all of them from the relapse group. After the third IST, they got the response again. Conclusion: The second IST is safe and effective for refractory and relapsed SAA patients; the early serologic reaction should be paid attention to when using the same ATG/ALG, and the risk can be reduced by changing the type of ATG/ALG or other IST programs. The third IST can still obtain the treatment response for the second relapse patients.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Adolescente , Adulto , Soro Antilinfocitário , Criança , Ciclosporina , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Imunossupressores , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Orv Hetil ; 161(32): 1310-1321, 2020 08.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750019

RESUMO

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic caused by infection with the novel, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), transplant medicine also had to face a new, hitherto unknown challenge. To be prepared for any possibility, we consider it important to summarize the current knowledge regarding COVID-19 of liver and kidney transplant patients. Very early reports from Spanish and French registry recorded fatality rates of 18.6% and 13%, respectively, in renal patients which suggests a moderately worse outcome compared to the general population. In patients with positive PCR test but not showing clinical signs, the reduction of immunosuppression is not advised. In the case of gastrointestinal or respiratory signs with fever, the discontinuation of mycophenolate or mTOR inhibitors is recommended with decrease of the trough levels of calcineurin inhibitors to the lowest effective limit. Stop (kidney transplanted patients) or decrease (liver transplanted patients) immunosuppression and maintain corticosteroids when pulmonal injury develops and consider anti-IL1 and anti-IL6 monoclonal antibody use when hyperinflammatory syndrome is evolving. No proven effective treatment for SARS-CoV-2 exists currently. The use of lopinavir/ritonavir should be avoided because of the severe drug interaction with calcineurin inhibitors. The efficacy and tolerability of hidroxychloroquin remains to be also questionable; enroll patients into clinical trial with remdesivir or favipiravir if available. COVID-19 is characterized by virus-induced endothelial dysfunction, procoagulant state and renin-angiotensin-aldosteron system imbalance. Early thromboprofilaxis combination with low-molecular-weight heparin and low-dose aspirin is strongly recommended with the maintenance of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin-II-receptor blocker (ARB) therapy when they were prescribed earlier. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(32): 1310-1321.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Fígado , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Transplantados , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Inibidores de Calcineurina/efeitos adversos , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Interações Medicamentosas , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Lopinavir/efeitos adversos , Pandemias , Ritonavir/efeitos adversos
14.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 32(5): 429-433, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744823

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are currently many unanswered questions surrounding the management of patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic and several 'rapid' guidelines have been released, although are subject to be updated and changed in the near future. The purpose of this review is to discuss the approach to management of patients with immune-mediated diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there is little evidence to suggest an increased risk of COVID-19 infection or its complications in patients with immune-mediated diseases or associated with conventional or biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs; however, glucocorticoid use does appear to have negative associations. SUMMARY: Currently, conventional and biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs can be continued in the absence of SARS-CoV-2 exposure. In the case of exposure, with the exception of hydroxyhcloroquine and sulfasalazine, immunosuppression should be held for 2 weeks. Our recommendations and the guidelines we discuss here are based on C-level recommendations but help provide a framework for how to counsel our patients during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Competência Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Imunossupressão/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Reumatologistas/normas , Comorbidade , Humanos , Pandemias , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0234396, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756556

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Early conversion to a CNI-free immunosuppression with SRL was associated with an improved 1- and 3- yr renal function as compared with a CsA-based regimen in the SMART-Trial. Mixed results were reported on the occurrence of donor specific antibodies under mTOR-Is. Here, we present long-term results of the SMART-Trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS: N = 71 from 6 centers (n = 38 SRL and n = 33 CsA) of the original SMART-Trial (ITT n = 140) were enrolled in this observational, non-interventional extension study to collect retrospectively and prospectively follow-up data for the interval since baseline. Primary objective was the development of dnDSA. Blood samples were collected on average 8.7 years after transplantation. RESULTS: Development of dnDSA was not different (SRL 5/38, 13.2% vs. CsA 9/33, 27.3%; P = 0.097). GFR remained improved under SRL with 64.37 ml/min/1.73m2 vs. 53.19 ml/min/1.73m2 (p = 0.044). Patient survival did not differ between groups at 10 years. There was a trend towards a reduced graft failure rate (11.6% SRL vs. 23.9% CsA, p = 0.064) and less tumors under SRL (2.6% SRL vs. 15.2% CsA, p = 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: An early conversion to SRL did not result in an increased incidence of dnDSA nor increased long-term risk for the recipient. Transplant function remains improved with benefits for the graft survival.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Calcineurina/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressão/métodos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Rim , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/imunologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Tempo , Doadores de Tecidos
16.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736385

RESUMO

An ever-evolving and successful transplantation medicine is providing a large number of living patients after solid organ transplantation. Anaesthetists should therefore be prepared to come into contact with such a patient. In addition to the preoperative assessment of the pre-existing diseases, including the function of the transplanted organ, immunosuppression also plays an important role. Immunosuppression must always be continued perioperatively. Strict adherence to all hygienic regulations is essential in these patients due to immunosuppression and the associated increased risk of infection and sepsis. This includes the strict risk-benefit assessment of all invasive procedures.There are no significant differences between the anaesthetic approaches and agents in transplant and non-transplant patients. However, in the first group, homeostasis of all organ systems should be more focused on.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Anestesiologia , Anestésicos , Transplante de Órgãos , Humanos , Imunossupressão
17.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(7): 740-744, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759559

RESUMO

A 58-year-old man was admitted with shortness of breath in September 2019. He had a severe hemolytic anemia with a high cold agglutinin (CA) titer. He also had arthralgia and finger deformation. He was diagnosed with cold agglutinin syndrome (CAS) secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on the clinical course. Occasionally, CAS has been reported to occur in parallel with collagen disease, infectious disease, or malignant tumor. CAS developing secondary to collagen disease occurs less frequently than that to infectious disease or malignant tumors. Furthermore, CAS caused by RA is very rare, even among patients with collagen diseases. Our patient was effectively treated with immunosuppressive therapy including abatacept, which attenuated the symptoms of CAS and RA.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune , Artrite Reumatoide , Crioglobulinas , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1560-1565, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732832

RESUMO

The 25th Annual Congress of the International Liver Transplantation Society was held in Toronto, Canada, from May 15 to 18, 2019. Surgeons, hepatologists, anesthesiologists, critical care intensivists, radiologists, pathologists, and research scientists from all over the world came together with the common aim of improving care and outcomes for liver transplant recipients and living donors. Some of the featured topics at this year's conference included multidisciplinary perioperative care in liver transplantation, worldwide approaches to organ allocation, donor steatosis, and updates in pediatrics, immunology, and radiology. This report presents excerpts and highlights from invited lectures and select abstracts, reviewed and compiled by the Vanguard Committee of International Liver Transplantation Society. This will hopefully contribute to further advances in clinical practice and research in liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto , Seleção do Doador/organização & administração , Transplante de Fígado , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Canadá , Criança , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressão/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Cooperação Internacional , Doadores Vivos , Preservação de Órgãos/instrumentação , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Segurança do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Perfusão/instrumentação , Perfusão/métodos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Alocação de Recursos/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Can Bull Med Hist ; 37(2): 461-489, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822548

RESUMO

This paper uses the history of kidney transplantation in South Africa as a lens through which to write a racialized, micro history that illustrates the politics of medical discoveries and medical research at one of South Africa's most prestigious medical research universities, the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) in Johannesburg. Between 1966 and the 1980s, the Wits team became the most advanced and prolific kidney transplant unit in the country. Yet the racist, oppressive Apartheid system fundamentally shaped these developments. Transplantation, as this paper shows, became an elite medical procedure, performed by a select group of white doctors on mostly white patients. For these doctors, transplantation showed their medical prowess and displayed the technical advancements they were able to make in research and clinical practice as they strove to position South Africa as a significant international player in medical research, despite academic boycotts and increasing sanctions. Transplantation became a symbol of white supremacy in a country where the black majority were excluded from anything but the most basic health care.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/história , Apartheid/história , Ética Médica/história , Transplante de Rim/história , Racismo/história , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Pesquisa Biomédica/ética , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Transplante de Coração/ética , Transplante de Coração/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Imunossupressão/história , Transplante de Rim/ética , África do Sul
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