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1.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 239-253, nov. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191356

RESUMO

Las carencias sociales de México empeorarán por la pandemia SARS-COV2. A saber, el acceso a la salud, derechos laborales básicos, y la infructuosa respuesta del gobierno para erradicar la violencia machista contra las mujeres. El desinterés histórico para fomentar una cultura del apoyo mutuo y el autocuidado ha provocado que gran parte de la ciudadanía se haya desconectado de sus derechos sociales y sanitarios. Así, no se sigue una indicación -quédate en casa- por desigualdades estructurales. Propongo que la libertad efectiva puede conseguirse mediante la aprobación de la renta básica universal desde una perspectiva feminista. Concluyo que las secuelas de la pandemia, que definirán la vida cotidiana, ameritan la aprobación de esta medida. Igualmente, las mujeres como clase sexual requieren protección desde una perspectiva feminista


Many of the social deprivations of Mexico will be worsened due to SARS-COV2 pandemic. Namely, the insufficient access to public health, lack of labor rights, and the unsuccessful government's response to eradicate male violence against women. The historical unconcern in promoting a culture rooted in mutual aid and self-care has provoked many citizens are disconnected from their social and health rights. Thus, people's inability to carry through one direction -stay home- is unfulfilled, in part, due to structural inequalities. I affirm that effective liberty could be obtained by approving a Universal Basic Income from a feminist perspective. I conclude that the aftermath of COVID-19, which will define everyday life for a while, require the endorsement of such measure. Likewise, women as a class deserve protection from a feminist critical framework


Les mancances socials de Mèxic empitjoraran per la pandèmia SARS-COV-2. A saber, l'accés a la salut, els drets laborals bàsics I la infructuosa resposta de govern per eradicar la violència masclista contra les dones. El desinterès històric per fomentar una cultura de suport mutu I l'autocura ha provocat que gran part de la ciutadania s'hagi desconnectat dels seus drets socials I sanitaris. Així, no se segueix una indicació -queda't a casa- per desigualtats estructurals. Proposo que la llibertat efectiva pot aconseguir-se mitjançant l'aprovació de la renda bàsica universal des d'una perspectiva feminista. Concloc que les seqüeles de la pandèmia, que definiran la vida quotidiana, mereixen l'aprovació d'aquesta mesura. Igualment, les dones com a classe sexual requereixen protecció des d'una perspectiva feminista


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Renda per Capita , Apoio Social , Incerteza , Política Pública , Política de Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , México/epidemiologia
2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(713): 2114-2117, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146961

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted, sometimes painfully, the stakes of decision-making in a context of significant uncertainty. Social distance, wearing a mask, confinement… difficult choices with significant health, social and economic impacts. To guide and justify our decisions, the principles of precaution and prevention have been used. Invoked like mantras to protect us from bad luck, are these two principles really a panacea for these situations ? Not sure… Beyond their intrinsic moral value and the rationality they bring to the decision-making process, their implementation suffers from serious limitations. Doesn't their use make us forget the essential ? The need to tackle the roots of the problem before ending up in an uncomfortable toss-up.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Incerteza
3.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 61(3): E321-E323, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150221

RESUMO

The novel corona virus (SARS- CoV2) pandemic has created an unprecedented public health problem and a mental health crisis looms ahead. The isolation, socio-economic disruption, uncertainty and fear of contagion have led to a spike of health anxiety in the general public. Individuals with health anxiety may get dismissed as the "worried well" in this pandemic due to disruption of mental health services and inability of healthcare systems to understand the psychosocial factors in the background. Education of general public, training of healthcare workers in cognitive behavioural model of health anxiety and timely referral to mental health professionals in severe cases is need of the hour.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Incerteza
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185989

RESUMO

Objective: India is combating a large-scale migrant crisis in many states during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The objective of this study was to identify migrant workers needs and perceptions regarding lockdown while staying in a shelter home during the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: This exploratory study was conducted with 54 migrants staying in a makeshift shelter home in Chandigarh, India. Three discussions were conducted with groups consisting of 15-20 participants to maintain social distancing. Five discussion questions were designed to facilitate group discussions. Results: One important theme among migrants was their eagerness to return to their native homes. Participants were also concerned about pending agriculture-related work, their families back home, and job insecurity. Most of the migrants supported the government-mandated lockdown and agreed that they would follow all instructions. Conclusions: Physiologic requirements, safety, and security were the predominant needs of the migrant workers while staying in the shelter home during lockdown. The participants feared contracting COVID-19 and were uncertain about when and how they would return to their native homes.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Abrigo de Emergência , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Migrantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Água Potável , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Percepção , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Segurança , Incerteza , Adulto Jovem
6.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(12): 782, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236230

RESUMO

The risk from naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) has been extensively assessed, and this has led to the integration of specific NORM radiation protection requirements within the latest EU Directive 2013/59. Nevertheless, it has been internationally recognised that remaining NORM knowledge gaps and uncertainties now present similarly significant issues in addressing recent regulatory requirements. The multi-tiered nature of environmental impact assessment (EIA) implies per se possibility for uncertainties, but when EIA at radiation exposure sites includes consideration of sites with multiple radiation and contamination sources, different ecosystem transport pathways, effects and risks by applying different parameters and models, level of overall uncertainty increases. The results of EIA study in the Fen area in Norway, comprised of undisturbed and legacy NORM sites, have been evaluated in this analysis, in order to identify all existing input uncertainties and how they may impact the final conclusions, and thus, influence any subsequent decision-making. The main uncertainties have been identified in the measurement and exposure analysis tier, and were related to the heterogeneous distribution of radionuclides, radionuclide speciation, as well as to generic variability issues in the concepts used for mobility and biota uptake analysis (such as distribution coefficient, transfer factors and concentration ratios) as well as radioecological modelling. The uncertainties in the input values to the calculation of the dose arising from radon exposure in the Fen area led to an overall elevated uncertainty of the magnitude of the radiation exposure dose of humans. It has been concluded that an integrated, ecosystem-based approach with consideration of complexity of prevailing environmental conditions and interconnections must be applied to fully understand possible radiation effects and risks.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Exposição à Radiação , Exposição Ambiental , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Noruega , Incerteza
9.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(10): 577-583, 2020 10.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078007

RESUMO

The situation of uncertainty several people faced in Italy due to the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic suggested this contribution concerning the potential outcomes in some safety areas of the primary needs of the individual: safety and security needs, love and belonging needs, esteem, and self-actualization. When uncertainty features one or more of them, the risk of health outcomes increases, specifically with respect to mental health. This contribution compares the experience of the severe earthquake that hit Emilia-Romagna region (North Italy) in May 2012 and the epidemic of CoViD-19 officially started in Italy in February 2020. Both experiences were lived by the authors, as citizens and mental health professionals. The considerations presented stemmed out from the clinical experience and are articulated around some key words: surprise, length, places, society, work, welfare, feelings, economics. Similarities and differences are presented, suggesting that new therapeutic devices are necessary, to hold and treat patients during this specific epidemic, as well as during future ones. Up to the moment we have just been able to chase the shadow, by integrating medieval systems (quarantine) and hyper-technological systems (i.e., the most advanced resuscitation techniques).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Terremotos/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Incerteza
10.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 47(6): 621-622, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063776

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect most aspects of daily life, and looking for ways to cope and adapt in this altered state is a priority. Days of unsettling changes have turned into weeks, months, and, most likely, at least a year or more until an effective vaccine is distributed worldwide. COVID-19 has disrupted societies across the world, with a global scope that is unprecedented, ongoing, and without a demarcated end. Combined with the political turmoil related to the presidential election in the United States, environmental turmoil including widespread fires, and ongoing structural barriers (most notably systemic racism), 2020 has been, for most, a year that will live on in our minds long after the pandemic ends. .


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Influenza Humana , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Incerteza
11.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240962, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064778

RESUMO

Due to the COVID- 19 outbreak in the Netherlands (March 2020) and the associated social distancing measures, families were enforced to stay at home as much as possible. Adolescents and their families may be particularly affected by this enforced proximity, as adolescents strive to become more independent. Yet, whether these measures impact emotional well-being in families with adolescents has not been examined. In this ecological momentary assessment study, we investigated if the COVID-19 pandemic affected positive and negative affect of parents and adolescents and parenting behaviors (warmth and criticism). Additionally, we examined possible explanations for the hypothesized changes in affect and parenting. To do so, we compared daily reports on affect and parenting that were gathered during two periods of 14 consecutive days, once before the COVID-19 pandemic (2018-2019) and once during the COVID-19 pandemic. Multilevel analyses showed that only parents' negative affect increased as compared to the period before the pandemic, whereas this was not the case for adolescents' negative affect, positive affect and parenting behaviors (from both the adolescent and parent perspective). In general, intolerance of uncertainty was linked to adolescents' and parents' negative affect and adolescents' positive affect. However, Intolerance of uncertainty, nor any pandemic related characteristics (i.e. living surface, income, relatives with COVID-19, hours of working at home, helping children with school and contact with COVID-19 patients at work) were linked to the increase of parents' negative affect during COVID-19. It can be concluded that on average, our sample (consisting of relatively healthy parents and adolescents) seems to deal fairly well with the circumstances. The substantial heterogeneity in the data however, also suggest that whether or not parents and adolescents experience (emotional) problems can vary from household to household. Implications for researchers, mental health care professionals and policy makers are discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Bem-Estar da Criança/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Comportamento Paterno/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Afeto , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza
13.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 324, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The health impact of COVID-19 may differ in African settings as compared to countries in Europe or China due to demographic, epidemiological, environmental and socio-economic factors. We evaluated strategies to reduce SARS-CoV-2 burden in African countries, so as to support decisions that balance minimising mortality, protecting health services and safeguarding livelihoods. METHODS: We used a Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered mathematical model, stratified by age, to predict the evolution of COVID-19 epidemics in three countries representing a range of age distributions in Africa (from oldest to youngest average age: Mauritius, Nigeria and Niger), under various effectiveness assumptions for combinations of different non-pharmaceutical interventions: self-isolation of symptomatic people, physical distancing and 'shielding' (physical isolation) of the high-risk population. We adapted model parameters to better represent uncertainty about what might be expected in African populations, in particular by shifting the distribution of severity risk towards younger ages and increasing the case-fatality ratio. We also present sensitivity analyses for key model parameters subject to uncertainty. RESULTS: We predicted median symptomatic attack rates over the first 12 months of 23% (Niger) to 42% (Mauritius), peaking at 2-4 months, if epidemics were unmitigated. Self-isolation while symptomatic had a maximum impact of about 30% on reducing severe cases, while the impact of physical distancing varied widely depending on percent contact reduction and R0. The effect of shielding high-risk people, e.g. by rehousing them in physical isolation, was sensitive mainly to residual contact with low-risk people, and to a lesser extent to contact among shielded individuals. Mitigation strategies incorporating self-isolation of symptomatic individuals, moderate physical distancing and high uptake of shielding reduced predicted peak bed demand and mortality by around 50%. Lockdowns delayed epidemics by about 3 months. Estimates were sensitive to differences in age-specific social mixing patterns, as published in the literature, and assumptions on transmissibility, infectiousness of asymptomatic cases and risk of severe disease or death by age. CONCLUSIONS: In African settings, as elsewhere, current evidence suggests large COVID-19 epidemics are expected. However, African countries have fewer means to suppress transmission and manage cases. We found that self-isolation of symptomatic persons and general physical distancing are unlikely to avert very large epidemics, unless distancing takes the form of stringent lockdown measures. However, both interventions help to mitigate the epidemic. Shielding of high-risk individuals can reduce health service demand and, even more markedly, mortality if it features high uptake and low contact of shielded and unshielded people, with no increase in contact among shielded people. Strategies combining self-isolation, moderate physical distancing and shielding could achieve substantial reductions in mortality in African countries. Temporary lockdowns, where socioeconomically acceptable, can help gain crucial time for planning and expanding health service capacity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Modelos Biológicos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Epidemias , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Níger , Nigéria , Distância Social , Incerteza , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Water Health ; 18(5): 704-721, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095194

RESUMO

One of the ways to reduce the risk of contaminated water consumption is to optimally locate the quality sensors. These sensors warn users in the case of contamination detection. Analyzing the actual conditions of the contamination which enters the network is faced with many uncertainties. These uncertainties include the dose of contamination, time and location of its entry which have received less attention. Also, the uncertainty in the nodes' water demand causes changes in the distribution and contamination diffusion within the network. The main impetus of the present study is to determine the optimal quality sensor locations in the water distribution network in order to reduce the damage caused by contaminated water consumption prior to the contamination event detection. For this purpose, a parameter is defined as the maximum possible damage for calculating which the vulnerability and importance of the nodes have been considered in addition to the uncertainties in the location and time of the contamination entry. The importance of each node differs from that of other ones. Ranking the importance of the nodes is influenced by both land use and covered population ratio. In this study, six scenarios are defined for the contamination event in the water distribution network. These scenarios consider the effects of varying pollutant dose and the contamination input from nodes which are prone to its entry. Also, the NSGA-II has been utilized in order to minimize the damage with minimum number of sensors. The proposed model is evaluated on a real network in Iran. The results indicate that adding only one or two contamination warning sensors to the proposed locations can lead to the decreasing damage caused by the contaminated water consumption from 54 to 82%. According to the proposed method, the best answer for scenarios 1-6 was obtained for 7, 6, 6, 2, 2 and 2 sensors, respectively. The results showed that the slope of the pollution rate diagram does not change much from 6 sensors upwards in the first three scenarios, and from 4 sensors upwards in the second three scenarios. In scenarios 1-3, with 7, 6 and 6 sensors, respectively, in different nodes, the best placement is for 203-224 equivalent attack population, and in scenarios 4-6, with sensors in nodes 4 and 43, the best placement is for 225-279 equivalent attack population.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Água , Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Irã (Geográfico) , Incerteza , Abastecimento de Água
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022993

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic represents a worldwide threat to mental health. To optimize the allocation of health care resources, research on specific vulnerability factors, such as health anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, and distress (in)tolerance, and particularly their effect on the time course of SARS-CoV-2 related anxiety appears crucial for supporting high risk groups suffering from elevated mental distress during the pandemic. N = 887 participants (78.4% female; Mage = 38.15, SD = 17.04) completed an online survey in Germany (April to mid-May 2020), comprising measures of SARS-CoV-2 related anxiety, health anxiety, safety and preventive behavior, intolerance of uncertainty, and distress intolerance. Higher levels of health anxiety pre and during COVID-19 were associated with an initially intensified increase (b = 1.10, p < 0.001), but later on a more rapid dampening (b = -0.18, p < 0.001) of SARS-CoV-2 related anxiety. SARS-CoV-2 related preventive behavior was intensified by both pre (b = 0.06, p = 0.01) and during (b = 0.15, p < 0.001) COVID-19 health anxiety, while reassurance behavior only was associated with health anxiety during COVID-19 (b = 0.14, p < 0.001). Distress intolerance and intolerance of uncertainty did not moderate the relationship between health anxiety and SARS-CoV-2 related anxiety and behavior. The results suggest detrimental effects of health anxiety on the emotional and behavioral response to virus outbreaks.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Incerteza
16.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2020: 9214159, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082843

RESUMO

Traditionally, the identification of parameters in the formulation and solution of inverse problems considers that models, variables, and mathematical parameters are free of uncertainties. This aspect simplifies the estimation process, but does not consider the influence of relatively small changes in the design variables in terms of the objective function. In this work, the SIDR (Susceptible, Infected, Dead, and Recovered) model is used to simulate the dynamic behavior of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), and its parameters are estimated by formulating a robust inverse problem, that is, considering the sensitivity of design variables. For this purpose, a robust multiobjective optimization problem is formulated, considering the minimization of uncertainties associated with the estimation process and the maximization of the robustness parameter. To solve this problem, the Multiobjective Stochastic Fractal Search algorithm is associated with the Effective Mean concept for the evaluation of robustness. The results obtained considering real data of the epidemic in China demonstrate that the evaluation of the sensitivity of the design variables can provide more reliable results.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Modelos Estatísticos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Algoritmos , China/epidemiologia , Biologia Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Fractais , Humanos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Processos Estocásticos , Incerteza
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(42): 26190-26196, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004629

RESUMO

Epidemic spread is characterized by exponentially growing dynamics, which are intrinsically unpredictable. The time at which the growth in the number of infected individuals halts and starts decreasing cannot be calculated with certainty before the turning point is actually attained; neither can the end of the epidemic after the turning point. A susceptible-infected-removed (SIR) model with confinement (SCIR) illustrates how lockdown measures inhibit infection spread only above a threshold that we calculate. The existence of that threshold has major effects in predictability: A Bayesian fit to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain shows that a slowdown in the number of newly infected individuals during the expansion phase allows one to infer neither the precise position of the maximum nor whether the measures taken will bring the propagation to the inhibition regime. There is a short horizon for reliable prediction, followed by a dispersion of the possible trajectories that grows extremely fast. The impossibility to predict in the midterm is not due to wrong or incomplete data, since it persists in error-free, synthetically produced datasets and does not necessarily improve by using larger datasets. Our study warns against precise forecasts of the evolution of epidemics based on mean-field, effective, or phenomenological models and supports that only probabilities of different outcomes can be confidently given.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Previsões , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Previsões/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Espanha/epidemiologia , Incerteza
19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5170, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056989

RESUMO

All materials respond heterogeneously at small scales, which limits what a sensor can learn. Although previous studies have characterized measurement noise arising from thermal fluctuations, the limits imposed by structural heterogeneity have remained unclear. In this paper, we find that the least fractional uncertainty with which a sensor can determine a material constant λ0 of an elastic medium is approximately [Formula: see text] for a â‰« d â‰« ξ, [Formula: see text], and D > 1, where a is the size of the sensor, d is its spatial resolution, ξ is the correlation length of fluctuations in λ0, Δλ is the local variability of λ0, and D is the dimension of the medium. Our results reveal how one can construct devices capable of sensing near these limits, e.g. for medical diagnostics. We use our theoretical framework to estimate the limits of mechanosensing in a biopolymer network, a sensory process involved in cellular behavior, medical diagnostics, and material fabrication.


Assuntos
Biopolímeros/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Polímeros Responsivos a Estímulos/química , Incerteza , Elasticidade , Termodinâmica
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(44): 27456-27464, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051302

RESUMO

The virus causing COVID-19 has spread rapidly worldwide and threatens millions of lives. It remains unknown, as of April 2020, whether summer weather will reduce its spread, thereby alleviating strains on hospitals and providing time for vaccine development. Early insights from laboratory studies and research on related viruses predicted that COVID-19 would decline with higher temperatures, humidity, and ultraviolet (UV) light. Using current, fine-scaled weather data and global reports of infections, we develop a model that explains 36% of the variation in maximum COVID-19 growth rates based on weather and demography (17%) and country-specific effects (19%). UV light is most strongly associated with lower COVID-19 growth. Projections suggest that, without intervention, COVID-19 will decrease temporarily during summer, rebound by autumn, and peak next winter. Validation based on data from May and June 2020 confirms the generality of the climate signal detected. However, uncertainty remains high, and the probability of weekly doubling rates remains >20% throughout summer in the absence of social interventions. Consequently, aggressive interventions will likely be needed despite seasonal trends.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Incerteza , Betacoronavirus , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Umidade , Modelos Estatísticos , Pandemias , Raios Ultravioleta
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