Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.054
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819324

RESUMO

Numerous surgical techniques for root coverage have been suggested with different degrees of success, as assessed by the proportion of complete root coverage. Mandibular incisors, teeth with a high frequency of gingival recession defects (GRDs), were associated with the least favorable outcomes due to unfavorable anatomical conditions. In the present series of three cases, a modified version of the free gingival graft technique for the purpose of root coverage at mandibular incisors is illustrated. The purpose of the modification of the original technique was to achieve improved blood supply from the recipient site to the graft, with the ultimate aim of enhancing predictability and outcomes of the procedure. In all included cases, complete or almost complete root coverage was achieved at challenging GRDs in the mandibular incisor area.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Tecido Conjuntivo , Gengiva , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Raiz Dentária , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(4): 536-544, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568277

RESUMO

Treatment of an impacted incisor with a dilacerated root is challenging for clinicians because of the position of the impacted incisor, the abnormality of the root, unfavorable prognosis, and, especially, the long treatment duration. We report on 2 young patients who had inversely impacted maxillary central incisors with developing labially dilacerated roots. Both patients were treated by a novel surgical approach, in situ rotation, by which the crowns of the inversely impacted incisors were carefully rotated to a relatively normal position, whereas the apical location remained relatively unchanged. About 2 weeks after surgery, spontaneous eruption of the treated incisors was observed. Three months later, the postoperative central incisors were further aligned into the maxillary arch with a fixed orthodontic appliance. Follow-up visits 2 or 3 years after surgery indicated that the positions of the dilacerated incisors maintained stability with good gingival esthetics, and the pulpal vitality was favorable. The roots grew further in a relatively normal direction of the incisor's longitudinal axis, which was different from the initial curvature angle. Moreover, with the in situ rotation surgery, treatment time was greatly reduced and resulted in a favorable prognosis compared with conventional treatment.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Dente Impactado , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Rotação , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
3.
J Endod ; 47(3): 526-531, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352149

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D)-printed guides have been used in endodontics to prepare a conservative access, locate calcified or missing canals, and perform precisive osteotomy in apicoectomy. Here, we present the treatment of a fusion tooth by combining 3D printing technology and endodontic intervention in a 10-year-old patient. The bifid crown of a maxillary right lateral incisor #7 had caused esthetic concerns and malocclusion. Clinical and radiographic examinations showed that #7 is fused with a supernumerary tooth with 2 independent root canals. The fusion involved the entire crown and the coronal and middle roots. Because of financial constraints, a multidisciplinary approach involving endodontic, orthodontic, and prosthodontic treatment was excluded. We hemisectioned the tooth intraorally with a 3D-printed guide, extracted the supernumerary tooth, and transplanted tooth #7 to a position with improved esthetics and occlusion. A 3D-printed tooth replica was used to prepare the recipient site for autotransplantation. At the 6-month follow-up, tooth #7 was diagnosed with pulp necrosis and asymptomatic apical periodontitis. Root canal treatment of tooth #7 was completed, and osseous healing was observed 8 months later. The patient had no clinical symptoms and was satisfied with the outcome 14 months after hemisection and transplantation. The open space between teeth #7 and #8 was closed without orthodontic treatment. We present an alternative option to treat a fusion tooth in young patients who do not opt for other treatment options because of their stage of development or for socio-economic reasons. Techniques in modern endodontics, such as cone-beam computed tomographic imaging and 3D printing, should be adapted when it is beneficial to patients.


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Dente Supranumerário , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo
4.
Chin J Dent Res ; 23(3): 205-214, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974621

RESUMO

This report describes the cases of two patients with a maxillary lateral incisor with palatogingival groove and extensive endodontic-periodontal lesions. Although it is reported that acceptable periodontal status is of great importance in case selection in intentional replantation, it is suggested in this report that intentional replantation could be chosen instead of immediate extraction if extensive endodontic-periodontal lesions exist in a tooth with palatogingival groove. The gingival margin position and gingival papilla were well preserved and the bone defect was almost completely repaired. This was beneficial to the aesthetic prosthodontic treatment and implantation, although external root resorption was observed.


Assuntos
Reimplante Dentário , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Gengiva/cirurgia , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21761, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872071

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Three root canals (mesiobuccal, distobuccal and palatal) are rarely found (frequency <1%) in the maxillary central incisor even though root canal morphology in maxillary premolars is highly variable. Therefore, research papers showed that dentists can easily miss the root canals in diagnosis and inflammatory diffusion; which could cause unsuccessful root canal treatment leading to various possible infections and no change in original inflammations. In this report, the diagnose and clinical management of an unusual case of a maxillary center incisor with three independent roots and three root canals is presented, along with a demonstration of using CBCT (Cone Beam Computed Tomography) and collaborate with other departments to successfully accomplish an accurate diagnosis of the morphology and quantity of the root canal system. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was referred to clinic for his repeatedly abscessed in the gums of the left upper central incisor. DIAGNOSES: Based on clinical and radiographic evidences, the patient was tentatively diagnosed with a chronic periapical periodontitis for #21 tooth. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was performed with the conventional root canal treatment and then clinical observed. OUTCOMES: At the second visit after 7 days, the patient was not sensitive to percussion. After operation for 3 months, and found that the sinus opening had not healed. Then, the patient was undergone with the periodontal flap surgery to remove root infection for 2 weeks. LESSONS: From this clinical case, the lesson learned is that the previous clinical experiences cannot be used to make judgments or decisions; it requires specific analysis from the information gathered through CBCT(Cone Beam Computed Tomography)and the cooperation between different departments to come up with a responsible decision. In any stomatological hospitals, due to the large number of departments and the strong specialized focuses for each department; it is very important to encourage and support the cooperation between the departments, to limit any judgment bias due to lack of knowledge and maximize each department's strengths.


Assuntos
Incisivo/anormalidades , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Variação Anatômica , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20372, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481420

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effectiveness of a Carisolv III + 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)-based root canal irrigant for smear layer removal.Forty maxillary incisors were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10 per group). The canals in group A (experimental) were prepared with 0.5% NaOCl, and Carisolv III and 0.5% NaOCl was used for the final washing; groups B and C (positive controls) used 2% and 5.25% NaOCl, respectively; and group D (negative control) used phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was used for all of the groups. A 5-point scoring scale and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the irrigants. The canals were consistently cleaner in the coronal and middle thirds than in the apical thirds (P < .05).For cleaning the root canals, 5.25% NaOCl was more effective than 2% NaOCl, 0.5% NaOCl + Carisolv III, and phosphate-buffered saline , respectively (P < .05). The 2% NaOCl solution showed similar results to 0.5% NaOCl + Carisolv III (P > .05). The combination of 5.25% NaOCl and 17% EDTA remains the most effective irrigant for removal of the root canal smear layer.A combination of Carisolv III + 0.5% NaOCl (with 17% EDTA) showed a cleaning ability similar to that of 2% NaOCl (with 17% EDTA).


Assuntos
Ácido Glutâmico/uso terapêutico , Leucina/uso terapêutico , Lisina/uso terapêutico , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(5): 631-637, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367869

RESUMO

Background: Replantation of avulsed teeth is an invasive treatment approach where patient cooperation is required after the risks are explained to the patient or family. Although replantation of an avulsed permanent teeth is an accepted treatment approach, the long-term prognosis of the replanted teeth is still controversial. This report describes the survival of delayed replanted 15 incisors that was stored in unfavorable conditions after avulsion. Materials and Methods: Nine patients, aged 8-12 years, were referred to the Inonu University, Pediatric Dentistry Department with traumatically avulsed incisors. The parents were informed about the possible complications of a delayed replantation. Results: Forty percent of the teeth were splinted with flexible orthodontic wire and composite. The follow-up periods were varied from 24 to 48 months. The mean follow-up periods were 33.3 ± 8 months. 40% of the teeth were retained in the mouth for at least 3 years and contributed to alveolar bone development. In these cases, the most common complication (9 teeth, 60%) was replacement root resorption. Two of the 15 teeth which had wide open apices, continued to the root development. Conclusion: In this study, replanted teeth were retained in the mouth for at least 2 years and contributed to the patient's development. Therefore, this study has shown that delayed replantation of an avulsed tooth for a child is still worthwhile, even in cases of poor prognosis where the tooth had extended extra-alveolar dry storage. We believe that delayed replantation should be done because of its importance for the child's jaw and facial development.


Assuntos
Incisivo/lesões , Avulsão Dentária/cirurgia , Reimplante Dentário , Criança , Dentição Permanente , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Pais , Radiografia Dentária , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Reabsorção da Raiz/prevenção & controle , Preservação de Tecido/métodos , Anquilose Dental , Avulsão Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Avulsão Dentária/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(4): 510-514, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246658

RESUMO

Background: There were no comparing data about the effect of recently developed file system OneCurve on apical debris extrusion. Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the influence of the rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files on apical debris extrusion after cervical preflaring. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six lower incisor teeth with a single root canal were used in this study. After the determination of working length, the specimens were divided into six experimental groups according to root canal preparation. G1: ProTaper-Next, G2: EndoFlare + ProTaper-Next, G3: 2Shape, G4: EndoFlare + 2Shape, G5: OneCurve, and G6: EndoFlare + OneCurve. Each specimen was inserted into separate preweighed Eppendorf tubes to collect apically extruded debris. A total of 8 mL of distilled water was used for each specimen for irrigation. After the completion of root canal preparation, the Eppendorf tubes were weighed again after evaporation to calculate the amount of extruded debris. The data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (P > 0.05). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups. The amount of apically extruded debris was similar after preparing root canals with ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve with and without cervical preflaring. Conclusion: Under the conditions of this in vitro study, ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve files had similar apical debris extrusion values. Cervical preflaring of root canals did not affect the amount of apically extruded debris.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Titânio , Ápice Dentário/cirurgia
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(3): 425-428, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134045

RESUMO

Congenital agenesis of lateral incisor is one of the most prevalent dental anomalies and is commonly treated by correcting the axes of maxillary central and canine teeth deviated toward the deficient area orthodontically, replacing the missing maxillary lateral incisor with dental implants and prosthetic restorations. Conducting treatment in interdisciplinary manner is the main criterion for the successful outcome. If this is ignored, clinicians may experience biological, mechanical or combined complications. As encountered in this case, bone resorption may occur if there is very limited bone-width or if there is a past of orthodontic treatment. In contemporary dentistry, this biological complication can be treated with the aid of a mixture including bovine bone graft material and advanced platelet-rich fibrin.


Assuntos
Anodontia/terapia , Incisivo , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Transplante Ósseo , Humanos , Incisivo/anormalidades , Incisivo/cirurgia
10.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(4): 453-463, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582117

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Extraction of one mandibular incisor in adolescents and adults can simplify orthodontic treatment in 2 major circumstances: (1) severe crowding of the mandibular but not the maxillary incisors, and (2) mild anterior crossbite with good alignment in both arches. Despite its potential advantages, this method has had limited use in most practices. There have been 3 major objections: (1) the possibility of unsightly black triangles because of loss of interdental papilla height, (2) a possible tooth size discrepancy that would affect occlusal relationships, and (3) patient concerns about a visible extraction site. All 3 objections now can be overcome. METHODS: For 37 consecutively treated single-incisor-extraction patients, preparation of the extraction site for the tooth to be extracted was done by tipping it lingually while simultaneously closing the space in front of it. Treatment outcomes and the effect of age at the time of treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: In patients below age 20, this approach eliminated post-treatment black triangles and almost eliminated partial loss of the interdental papilla. It reduced the previously reported prevalence of these problems in patients aged 20-40 years and did not seem to be helpful in those aged over 40 years. This positive effect was achieved because of maintenance of alveolar crest height that supports the interdental papillae. Tooth size discrepancy caused by incisor extraction was largely compensated by the different labio-lingual orientation of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. The extraction space quickly disappeared during extraction site preparation. CONCLUSIONS: The new procedure of extraction site preparation described in this paper offers more favorable outcomes for post-treatment prevalence of black triangles in younger patients but shows limited efficacy in older patients. Camouflage of a mild skeletal Class III problem is the major indication for this extraction pattern. About 3% of Icelandic orthodontic patients appear to be good candidates for this treatment, and this finding should be reasonably generalizable to other populations of European descent.


Assuntos
Incisivo/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/métodos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cefalometria/métodos , Criança , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Islândia , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fotografação , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(9): 687-698, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635684

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of high positive acceleration (+Gz) environment on dental implant osseointegration in a rabbit model and to investigate its mechanism. METHODS: Forty-eight New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 6 groups. The rabbit's mandibular incisors were extracted and 1 implant was placed in each socket immediately. After 1 week of rest, the rabbits were exposed to a high +Gz environment, 3 times a week. The rabbits were sacrificed at 3 weeks (2 weeks +Gz exposure), 5 weeks (4 weeks +Gz exposure), and 12 weeks (4 weeks +Gz exposure and 7 weeks normal environment) after surgery, respectively. Specimens were harvested for micro-CT scanning, histological analysis, and real-time polymerase chain reaction examination. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the mRNA expression levels of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), osteopontin (OPN), and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) were significantly lower (P < 0.05), while the mRNA expression level of receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) and the RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) ratio were significantly higher (P < 0.05) at 3 weeks; values of bone volume fraction, trabecular number, bone-implant contact (BIC), and TGF-ß1 and OPG mRNA expression levels were significantly lower (P < 0.05), and the value of trabecular separation, RANKL mRNA expression level and RANKL/OPG ratio were significantly higher (P < 0.05) at 5 weeks; and the value of BIC was still significantly lower (P < 0.05) at 12 weeks in the experimental group. CONCLUSION: Early exposure to the high +Gz environment after implant surgery might have an adverse effect on osseointegration, and its mechanism could be related to the inhibition of osteoblast activity and promotion of osteoclast activity.


Assuntos
Aceleração , Implantes Dentários , Incisivo/cirurgia , Osseointegração , Animais , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Medicina Militar , Modelos Animais , Osteoprotegerina/genética , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/genética , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Coelhos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
12.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2019: 7416076, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379973

RESUMO

In some cases of proclined maxillary incisors, the proclination can be corrected by a fixed prosthesis. The aim of this study was to investigate the magnitude and distribution of (i) principal stresses in the adjacent alveolar bone and (ii) direct and shear stresses that are normal and parallel, respectively, to the bone-tooth interface of a normal angulated maxillary incisor, a proclined one, and a proclined one corrected with an angled prosthetic crown. 2D finite-element models were constructed, and a static load of 200 N on the palatal surface of the maxillary incisor at different load angles was applied. Load angles (complementary angle to interincisal angle) ranging from 20° to 90° were applied. The results indicate that the load angle could have a more significant impact on the overall stress distributions in the surrounding alveolar bone and along the bone-tooth interface than the proclination of the maxillary incisor. Provided that the resulting interincisal angle is 150° or smaller, the stresses in the surrounding bone and at the bone-tooth interface are similar between a proclined maxillary incisor and the one with prosthodontic correction. Hence, such a correction, when deemed appropriate clinically, can be undertaken with confidence that there is little risk of incurring additional stresses over that already in existence, in the supporting bone and at the tooth-bone interface.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária/instrumentação , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Algoritmos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cefalometria , Simulação por Computador , Elasticidade , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Modelos Lineares , Teste de Materiais , Maxila/cirurgia , Pressão , Software , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração
13.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(2): 275-282, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375238

RESUMO

This case report describes the interdisciplinary treatment of an ectopic horizontally placed maxillary right central incisor with severe root dilaceration. The root was distally angulated and entrapped by the root of the maxillary right lateral incisor. The initial force system was aimed at an occlusal displacement and applied to the crown. During the second phase, a button was cemented onto the apex of the impacted tooth. A force from the apex to a temporary anchorage device in the palate moved the root toward the midline. Finally, a root canal and an apectomy were performed and the central incisor could be moved to its ideal position. The treatment generated a normal height of the alveolar bone and an ideal occlusion with a healthy periodontium.


Assuntos
Incisivo/cirurgia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/terapia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe I/terapia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Extrusão Ortodôntica/métodos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Coroa do Dente , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(7)2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324671

RESUMO

The major challenge in traumatic injuries is the management of subgingival fracture of anterior teeth. Forced orthodontic extrusion is a suitable approach for these teeth as it provides both a sound tissue margin for final restoration and creates a periodontal environment (biological width) which is easy for the patient to maintain. Restoration after orthodontic eruption may present a more conservative treatment choice in young patients compared with the prosthetic restoration after extraction. This paper reports a case of the fractured maxillary anterior tooth at the subgingival level that was managed by forced orthodontic extrusion after endodontic therapy followed by aesthetic rehabilitation, a much-forgotten technique not utilised routinely yet conservative and cost-effective.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Incisivo/lesões , Extrusão Ortodôntica/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Adolescente , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Masculino , Maxila , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(1): 137-147, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256827

RESUMO

A 16-year-old patient sought orthodontic correction for profile improvement and labially inclined maxillary incisors. She had Class II malocclusion, protrusive maxillary and mandibular incisors, and increased overjet and overbite with an American Board of Orthodontics discrepancy index value of 25. She was treated with maxillary premolar extractions and miniscrew-supported en masse retraction assisted with piezoincisions. Extraction spaces (7.5 mm per side) were closed with maximum anchorage in 10 months. Total treatment time was 23 months. Twenty-seven months after debonding, a pink spot was noted at the buccocervial region of the left central incisor. Radiographic evaluation on cone-beam computed tomographic scans revealed a severe case of invasive cervical resorption on both central incisors, around which the piezosurgical cuts had been made. Treatment proceeded with a nonintervention approach and the affected teeth were reinforced with a lingual retainer.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Sobremordida/terapia , Piezocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Parafusos Ósseos , Cefalometria , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/patologia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/patologia , Maxila/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/métodos , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Fios Ortodônticos , Sobremordida/diagnóstico por imagem , Sobremordida/cirurgia , Radiografia Panorâmica , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Dimensão Vertical
16.
Int Orthod ; 17(3): 596-605, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279756

RESUMO

Maxillary midline diastema is a common aesthetic concern of dental patients. Various treatment modalities have been employed to close diastemas. This case report describes an unusual orthodontic treatment approach for a 25-year-old African American female patient with a large maxillary midline diastema of 5mm, bialveolar dental protrusion and unilateral Class III malocclusion. The treatment included one mandibular incisor extraction, followed by retraction of the incisors. At the end of the 16-month active treatment period, favourable aesthetic and occlusal outcomes were attained. Closure of midline diastema, good overjet and overbite with Class I molar relationships were achieved. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Fixed orthodontic treatment with single mandibular incisor extraction can be an effective treatment choice for a large maxillary midline diastema. With careful selection of the case and treatment planning, successful results can be obtained.


Assuntos
Diastema/terapia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Extração Dentária , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Cefalometria , Modelos Dentários , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Retração Gengival , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar , Sobremordida , Radiografia Panorâmica
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 4934128, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317031

RESUMO

Introduction: With an increasing demand for orthodontic treatment for adult patients, orthodontic professionals are constantly seeking novel strategies and technologies that can accelerate tooth movement in order to shorten the treatment period. For instance, in recent years, the influences of different surgical techniques on orthodontic tooth movement in the ipsilateral side of surgery were intensively investigated. Here, we attempt to examine if corticotomy could also affect the rate of tooth movement in the contralateral side of the surgery by using a rodent model. Materials and Methods: 72 eight-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups as follows: the Control group (orthodontic treatment devices delivered only, no tooth movement), the orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) group (orthodontic treatment devices delivered and orthodontic treatment performed), and the Corticotomy + OTM group (remote corticotomy performed, orthodontic treatment devices delivered, followed by orthodontic treatment). The surgical procedure was conducted on the right side of the maxilla at the time of appliance placement and a force of 60 g was applied between the maxillary left first molar and maxillary incisors using nickel-titanium springs to stimulate OTM. The OTM distance and speed were tracked at 3, 7, 14, and 28 days post-surgery, followed by histological and immunohistochemical assessments. Results: In comparison with orthodontic treatment only, the contralateral corticotomy significantly accelerated OTM. Furthermore, animals undergoing corticotomy + OTM presented with a greater number of osteoclasts on the compression side, stronger staining of the osteogenic marker on the tension side, and higher expression of an inflammatory marker than the OTM group animals. Conclusion: Our current study demonstrates that remote corticotomy effectively accelerates alveolar bone remodeling and OTM. The study enriches our understanding of the regional acceleratory phenomenon (RAP) and offers an alternative strategy for accelerating OTM to shorten the orthodontic treatment period.


Assuntos
Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reabsorção Óssea/cirurgia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Incisivo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Incisivo/patologia , Maxila/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Maxila/patologia , Maxila/cirurgia , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Dente Molar/patologia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Níquel/uso terapêutico , Fios Ortodônticos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/patologia , Ratos , Titânio/uso terapêutico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
18.
Dent. press endod ; 9(1): 58-64, jan.-mar. 2019. Ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1008681

RESUMO

Introdução: a manutenção de um dente traumatizado na cavidade bucal depende de um tratamento emergencial correto, bem como de um longo e adequado período de acompanhamento clínico-imaginológico. Objetivo: relatar um caso clínico de avulsão e reimplante dentário do dente #11, em uma criança com 11 anos de idade, que permanecia na cavidade bucal há 13 anos. Relato de caso: foi feito reimplante dentário 45 minutos após a avulsão, tratamento endodôntico com 10 trocas mensais de medicação intracanal à base de hidróxido de cálcio, seguidas da obturação do canal radicular pela técnica de condensação lateral, e acompanhamento clínico e radiográfico. Resultados: após 13 anos de controle clínico e imaginológico, o dente #11 apresentava-se em função e esteticamente satisfatório. Conclusão: o incisivo central superior direito, avulsionado, reimplantado e anquilosado, apresentou um quadro evolutivo de reabsorção radicular por substituição, porém inativo até o último acompanhamento. Após tratamento endodôntico e acompanhamento clínico e imaginológico, o dente permaneceu na cavidade bucal em função, sem sintomatologia e esteticamente agradável após 13 anos do reimplante. (AU)


Introduction: The maintenance of a traumatized tooth in the oral cavity depends on a correct emergency treatment, as well as a long and adequate period of clinical-imaging follow-up. Objective: To report a clinical case of avulsion and replantation of tooth 11, in an 11-year-old child, who has been in the oral cavity for 13 years. Methods: tooth replantation 45 minutes after avulsion, endodontic treatment with 10 monthly exchanges of intracanal calcium hydroxide medication, followed by root canal filling using lateral condensation technique. Clinical and radiographic follow-up. Results: after 13 years of clinical and imaging control, tooth 11 presents aesthetically satisfactory function. Conclusion: The upper right central incisor, avulsed, replanted and ankylosed presented an evolutionary condition of root resorption by substitution, but inactive until the last follow-up. After endodontic treatment and clinical and imaging follow-up, the tooth remained in the oral cavity in function, without symptomatology and aesthetically pleasing after 13 years of replantation (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Avulsão Dentária , Reimplante Dentário/métodos , Endodontia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Traumatismos Dentários
20.
Biomed J ; 42(1): 53-58, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Restoration of the teeth with extensive root canals with different post systems is a challenge for clinicians. Evaluation of these systems is important for clinical success. The aim of this study was to compare the fracture resistance and fracture mode of endodontically treated thin-walled teeth which restored with different post systems. METHODS: Eighty extracted and endodontically treated maxillary canines were divided into 4 groups (n = 20) and the thickness of the radicular dentin walls was reduced by using diamond burs. Each root was embedded in an autopolymerizing resin with a 0.25 mm layer of vinyl polysiloxane material to simulate the periodontal ligament. The subgroups were restored with one of the following post systems: only composite resin (Group 1), cast post (Group 2), glass-fiber post (Group 3), and I-TFC post (Group 4). The samples were subjected to a gradually increasing force (0,5 mm/min). The force required to fracture was recorded, and the data were analyzed with ANOVA, Tukey test's and Chi-Square test (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The highest fracture resistance was recorded for Group 2, followed by the Group 3, Group 4, and Group 1. Differences in the fracture resistance of teeth were significant among the groups (p < 0.05). The fracture resistance of Group 4 was significantly different than the other tested post systems (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The lowest fracture resistance was recorded for Group 1, but among all post systems, Group 4 had the lowest fracture resistance. The fracture mode of the fiber posts (Radix and I-TFC posts) would permit repair of the tooth.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Incisivo/cirurgia , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Vidro , Humanos , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...