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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13679, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34211068

RESUMO

Regenerative endodontic procedures have gained momentum as a treatment modality of young immature permanent teeth. Literature reports reveal that platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) stimulates growth factors and induces regeneration. This study was undertaken to assess the regenerative potential of non-vital immature permanent maxillary central incisors using PRF with a follow-up for 2 yrs. 19 patients in the age group of 9-25 yrs with immature, non-vital permanent maxillary central incisors (n = 23) with/without signs and/or symptoms of periapical pathosis and open apex were included in this study. In the first appointment, access opening, canal disinfection and triple antibiotic paste placement were done. In the subsequent visit, PRF was prepared and placed inside the canal. Access was sealed with Mineral trioxide aggregate plug and composite. The patient was reviewed up to 24 mths. The mean difference was statistically analyzed using Friedman test followed by Dunn post hoc test and adjusted by Bonferroni correction (p < 0.05). As per AAE guidelines, the primary and secondary goals were achieved. A significant (p < 0.001) gradual increase in the root length, thickness of dentinal walls and decrease in apical diameter were observed. Within the limitations of this study, PRF placement was clinically and radiographically effective in inducing regeneration of non-vital immature permanent teeth.


Assuntos
Incisivo/fisiologia , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas/química , Tecidos Suporte/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Incisivo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estudos Prospectivos , Regeneração , Medicina Regenerativa , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 32(7): 83, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212232

RESUMO

This study aimed to formulate a hybrid coating material (HC) and to modify this HC with fluoride (NaF) and stannous (SnCl2) ions, directly or encapsulated in nano containers, testing the effects of these materials against dental erosion and erosion-abrasion. Enamel and dentin specimens were treated with the HCs, and then tested in erosion or erosion-abrasion cycling models of 5 days (n = 10 for each substrate, for each model). Deionized water was the negative control, and a fluoride varnish, the positive control. Surface loss (SL, in µm) was evaluated with an optical profilometer, and data were statistically analyzed (α = 0.05). For enamel, in erosion, the positive control and HC without additives showed significantly lower SL than the negative control (p = 0.003 and p = 0.001). In erosion-abrasion, none of the groups differed from the negative control (p > 0.05). For dentin, in erosion, the positive control, HC without additives, HC with non-encapsulated F, and HC with encapsulated F + Sn showed lower SL than the negative control (p < 0.05). In erosion-abrasion, none of the groups differed significantly from the negative control (p < 0.05). HC without additives showed a promising potential for protecting the teeth against dental erosion (with upward trend for improved protection on dentin), but not against erosion-abrasion. The presence of additives did not improve the protective effect of the HC, on both substrates.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Fluoretos/química , Compostos de Estanho/química , Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Desgaste dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Argila , Dentina/química , Flúor , Técnicas In Vitro , Incisivo/fisiologia , Íons , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Fluoreto de Sódio , Água
3.
Elife ; 102021 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480845

RESUMO

Interaction between adult stem cells and their progeny is critical for tissue homeostasis and regeneration. In multiple organs, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) give rise to transit amplifying cells (TACs), which then differentiate into different cell types. However, whether and how MSCs interact with TACs remains unknown. Using the adult mouse incisor as a model, we present in vivo evidence that TACs and MSCs have distinct genetic programs and engage in reciprocal signaling cross talk to maintain tissue homeostasis. Specifically, an IGF-WNT signaling cascade is involved in the feedforward from MSCs to TACs. TACs are regulated by tissue-autonomous canonical WNT signaling and can feedback to MSCs and regulate MSC maintenance via Wnt5a/Ror2-mediated non-canonical WNT signaling. Collectively, these findings highlight the importance of coordinated bidirectional signaling interaction between MSCs and TACs in instructing mesenchymal tissue homeostasis, and the mechanisms identified here have important implications for MSC-TAC interaction in other organs.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/genética , Homeostase/genética , Incisivo/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Camundongos
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3346, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144451

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El tratamiento ortodóntico tiene como objetivos fundamentales el logro de relaciones oclusales estables y la mejora en la expresión de la sonrisa. Particularmente, la posición de los incisivos centrales superiores presenta un rol importante en esta expresión y se ha sugerido el uso de referencias extracraneales para su correcta posición tridimensional. Conocer las preferencias de los distintos actores sociales respecto a este factor puede ayudar a las decisiones en la planificación de los tratamientos. Objetivo: Evaluar la percepción estética que ortodoncistas, cirujanos dentistas y personas no expertas tienen de la sonrisa con el incisivo central superior en posición anteroposterior respecto a la frente y en norma lateral. Métodos: Se empleó una fotografía en norma lateral en sonrisa de una mujer peruana con perfil normal y posición anteroposterior del incisivo central superior ideal según el elemento II de la armonía orofacial de Andrews. La fotografía fue modificada digitalmente de tal forma que se obtuvieron imágenes con los incisivos retruídos (- 4 mm) y protruidos (+ 4 mm). Las fotografías fueron evaluadas por un panel conformado por ortodoncistas, cirujanos dentistas y personas no expertas. La evaluación se realizó a través de una escala visual análoga. Resultados: La fotografía con la posición normal del incisivo central superior con respecto a la línea GALL fue mejor valorada por los ortodoncistas (67,658 ± 22,094) y por los no expertos (54,038 ± 20,524). Los cirujanos dentistas consideraron más agradable la posición protruida (60,804 ± 3,626). Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos de evaluadores y las fotografías (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Los ortodoncistas mostraron una valoración de la estética más cercana a la norma para la posición anteroposterior de los incisivos. La posición anteroposterior de los incisivos juega un rol importante en la percepción de la estética de la sonrisa en norma lateral(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthodontic treatment is mainly aimed at achieving stable occlusal relationships and enhancing the smile expression. The position of the upper central incisors plays a particularly important role in such an expression, and extracranial references have been suggested for its proper three-dimensional position. Awareness of the preferences of the various social actors involved may be useful to make appropriate decisions when planning the treatments. Objective: Evaluate the esthetic perception that orthodontists, dental surgeons and laypeople have of the smile with the upper central incisor in anteroposterior position with respect to the forehead and in lateral norm. Methods: A lateral norm photograph was used of a Peruvian woman with a normal profile and ideal anteroposterior position of the upper central incisor according to element II of Andrews' orofacial harmony. The photograph was digitally modified to obtain images with retruding (- 4 mm) and protruding (+ 4 mm) incisors. The photographs were evaluated by a panel composed of orthodontists, dental surgeons and laypeople. The evaluation was based on a visual analog scale. Results: The photograph with normal position of the upper central incisor with respect to the GALL line was ranked higher by orthodontists (67.658 ± 22.094) and laypeople (54.038 ± 20.524). To dental surgeons the protruded position was nicer (60.804 ± 3.626). Significant differences were found between the groups of evaluators and the photographs (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The esthetic appraisal of orthodontists was closer to the norm for anteroposterior position of incisors. The anteroposterior position of incisors plays an important role in the esthetic perception of the smile in the lateral norm(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Sorriso , Estética Dentária , Incisivo/fisiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22648, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120754

RESUMO

To analyze the stress distribution of the maxillary central incisor with oblique fracture, repaired by different methods, using 3-dimensional finite element analysis. From the biomechanical point of view, it is expected to provide a reference for clinical selection of restoration method which is more conducive to stress distribution and preservation of dental tissue as much as possible.Use cone beam CT and finite element software to establish the finite element models of the maxillary central incisor with oblique fracture, and then create models according to 5 repairing methods(A. fiber post-core-crown group; B. cast post-core-crown group; C.3 mm deep endocrown; D.4 mm deep endocrown; E.5 mm deep endocrown)after root canal treatment, and analyze the Von Mises equivalent stress and maximum principal stress distribution and peak value of each model.When the height of dentin ferrule was fixed, the value of the Von Mises equivalent stress and the maximum principal stress in residual tooth tissue: group A was the highest, and there was no significant difference in group B, C, D and E. And the stress distribution area of 5 groups were the same. In prosthodontic layer: group B was the highest, while group A was the lowest, and the stress peak slightly increased with the increase of depth in group C, D and E. And the 5 groups were with the same stress distribution area as well. In adhesive layer: group A was the highest, while group B was the lowest, and there was little difference among group C, D and E. Group A was concentrated in 1/3 of the post tip, while group B,C,D and E were concentrated in 1/3 of the post and the post tips.Complete and high enough dentin ferrule is a requirement for repairing heavily defected maxillary central incisor with fiber post-core crown and cast post-core crown. When the dentin ferrule is incomplete, the stress distribution of the endocrown is more excellent than post-core-crown. And the endocrown with a depth of 3 mm retainer may be the best repair method. As for post-core crown restoration, the cast post-core crown is more favorable for the uniform distribution of residual tooth tissue than the fiber post-core crown.


Assuntos
Coroas , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Incisivo/fisiologia , Resinas Compostas , Dentina/fisiologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Raiz Dentária
6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 532(2): 321-328, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873389

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exhibit strong potential clinical application owing to their extensive regulation and flexible delivery properties. MicroRNA-31 (miR-31) is an evolutionarily conserved miRNA expressed during tooth development, and it is highly expressed in mouse incisor epithelium. The specific role of miR-31 in odontogenesis has not been elucidated comprehensively, and the aim of the present study was to investigate its activity. Our results showed that miR-31 suppressed LS8 cell proliferation by inhibiting the cell cycle at the G1/S transition. Mutation of Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2) gene is responsible for human SATB2-associated syndrome (SAS), which is often accompanied by dental abnormities. Here, it was identified as a direct target of miR-31 in LS8 cells and a promoter of cell proliferation. The expression and distribution of SATB2 in mouse molars and incisors were explored using immunofluorescence, which showed strong signals in the nuclei of incisor epithelial cells and weak signals in the cytoplasm of molar epithelial cells. Moreover, rescue experiments demonstrated that Satb2 could mitigate the inhibitory effect of miR-31 on cell proliferation by promoting the expression of CDK4. Collectively, our results suggested that miR-31 regulates dental epithelial cell proliferation by targeting Satb2, highlighting the biological importance of miR-31 in odontogenesis.


Assuntos
Ameloblastos/citologia , Incisivo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Ligação à Região de Interação com a Matriz/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Dente Molar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ameloblastos/fisiologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Incisivo/embriologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação à Região de Interação com a Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Dente Molar/embriologia , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Gravidez , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235822, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658896

RESUMO

Studies concerning the mechanical properties of the human periodontal ligament under dynamic compression are rare. This study aimed to determine the viscoelastic properties of the human periodontal ligament under dynamic compressive loading. Ten human incisor specimens containing 5 maxillary central incisors and 5 maxillary lateral incisors were used in a dynamic mechanical analysis. Frequency sweep tests were performed under the selected frequencies between 0.05 Hz and 5 Hz with a compression amplitude that was 2% of the PDL's initial width. The compressive strain varied over a range of 4%-8% of the PDL's initial width. The storage modulus, ranging from 28.61 MPa to 250.21 MPa, increased with the increase in frequency. The loss modulus (from 6.00 MPa to 49.28 MPa) also increased with frequency from 0.05 Hz- 0.5 Hz but remained constant when the frequency was higher than 0.5 Hz. The tanδ showed a negative logarithmic correlation with frequency. The dynamic moduli and the loss tangent of the central incisor were higher than those of the lateral incisor. This study concluded that the human PDL exhibits viscoelastic behavior under compressive loadings within the range of the used frequency, 0.05 Hz- 5 Hz. The tooth position and testing frequency may have effects on the viscoelastic properties of PDL.


Assuntos
Incisivo/fisiologia , Ligamento Periodontal/fisiologia , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Força Compressiva , Elasticidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Mecânico , Viscosidade
8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12751, 2020 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728144

RESUMO

Dental enamel is a structure that is formed as a result of the regular functioning of ameloblasts. The knowledge of the patterns of enamel secretion allows an analysis of their disruptions manifested in pronounced additional accentuated lines. These lines represent a physiological response to stress experienced during enamel development. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of accentuated lines in the tooth enamel of autistic boys. The width of the neonatal line and the periodicity of the striae of Retzius were also assessed. The study material consisted of longitudinal ground sections of 56 primary teeth (incisors and molars): 22 teeth from autistic children and 34 teeth from the control group. The Mann-Whitney U test indicates that the accentuated lines were found significantly more often in autistic children (Z = 3.03; p = 0.002). No differentiation in the rate of enamel formation and in the rate of regaining homeostasis after childbirth were found. The obtained results may indicate a higher sensitivity of autistic children to stress factors, manifested in more frequent disturbances in the functioning of ameloblasts or may be a reflection of differences in the occurrence of stress factors in the first years of life in both analyzed groups.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Doenças Dentárias/complicações , Ameloblastos , Amelogênese , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Homeostase , Humanos , Incisivo/fisiologia , Masculino , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Polônia/epidemiologia , Doenças Dentárias/epidemiologia , Dente Decíduo
9.
Anat Histol Embryol ; 49(4): 451-456, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133680

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to see whether the length of the enamel secretion zone in unimpeded rat incisors, measured precisely, is in agreement with the observed decrease in enamel thickness. Unimpeded eruption of mandibular incisors of five experimental and two control rats was induced by cutting off the erupted part of the incisors three times per week for 5 weeks. The length of the zone of enamel secretion in unimpeded and impeded control incisors was measured on longitudinal and serial transverse histological sections of fixed, demineralised and embedded hemimandibles. Impeded contralateral incisors were also included in the study. The length of the zone of enamel secretion in unimpeded incisors showed an increase to 8,398 ± 558 µm, that is 161% of the length in control incisors (5,213 ± 95 µm). The contralateral incisor showed a reduction in eruption rate, in length of the secretion zone, and the whole tooth was shifted somewhat apically. The measured length of the secretion zone is in agreement with the observed thickness of enamel (98 µm) in unimpeded incisors. The reduced eruption rate and the apical shift of the contralateral incisor are probably due to an increased occlusal load.


Assuntos
Amelogênese/fisiologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Animais , Esmalte Dentário/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Mandíbula , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(1): 7-13, feb. 28, 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151386

RESUMO

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between dental development and cervical vertebral maturation stages in a group of Yemeni children and adolescents. Materials an Methods: The study included digital panoramic radiographs and lateral skull cephalograms obtained from 207 Yemeni subjects­122 females and 85 males aged between 8 to 18 years. Dental maturity was evaluated according to the method of Demirijian et al., calcification stages of the left mandibular canines, first and second premolars and second molars were assessed. Skeletal maturity was assessed by the cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) stages according to the method of Baccetti et al. Correlation between CVM and dental maturation was evaluated by Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient (SROCC). Results: CVM and dental calcification stages were highly correlated (p<0.001) in both genders, ranging from 0.686 to 0.873 for females and 0.787 to 0.871 for males. Calcification stages of the second molars showed the strongest correlation with CVM. Conclusion: Calcification stages of the second molar may be used as a reliable maturation indicator. Dental maturation may be applied to determine the skeletal maturity status of Yemeni children and adolescents.


Objetivo: Este estudio se realizó para investigar la relación entre el desarrollo dental y las etapas de maduración vertebral cervical en un grupo de niños y adolescentes yemeníes. Material y Métodos: El estudio incluyó radiografías panorámicas digitales y cefalogramas laterales del cráneo obtenidos de 207 sujetos yemeníes: 122 mujeres y 85 hombres de entre 8 y 18 años. La madurez dental se evaluó de acuerdo con el método de Demirijian et al. Se evaluaron las etapas de calcificación de los caninos mandibulares izquierdos, primer y segundo premolares y segundos molares. La madurez esquelética se evaluó mediante las etapas de maduración vertebral cervical (CVM) de acuerdo con el método de Baccetti et al. La correlación entre la CVM y la maduración dental se evaluó mediante el coeficiente de correlación de orden de rango de Spearman (SROCC). Resultado: Las etapas de CVM y calcificación dental estuvieron altamente correlacionadas (p<0.001) en ambos sexos, con un rango de 0.686 a 0.873 para las mujeres y 0.787 a 0.871 para los hombres. Las etapas de calcificación de los segundos molares mostraron la correlación más fuerte con CVM. Conclusión: las etapas de calcificación del segundo molar pueden usarse como un indicador de maduración confiable. La maduración dental puede aplicarse para determinar el estado de madurez esquelética de los niños y adolescentes yemeníes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Calcificação de Dente/fisiologia , Vértebras Cervicais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Iêmen , Dente Pré-Molar/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Radiografia Panorâmica , Cefalometria , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Dente Canino/fisiologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Dente Molar/fisiologia
11.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224573, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774826

RESUMO

Early modern humans (EMH) are often touted as behaviorally advanced to Neandertals, with more sophisticated technologies, expanded resource exploitation, and more complex clothing production. However, recent analyses have indicated that Neandertals were more nuanced in their behavioral adaptations, with the production of the Châtelperronian technocomplex, the processing and cooking of plant foods, and differences in behavioral adaptations according to habitat. This study adds to this debate by addressing the behavioral strategies of EMH (n = 30) within the context of non-dietary anterior tooth-use behaviors to glean possible differences between them and their Neandertal (n = 45) counterparts. High-resolution casts of permanent anterior teeth were used to collect microwear textures of fossil and comparative bioarchaeological samples using a Sensofar white-light confocal profiler with a 100x objective lens. Labial surfaces were scanned, totaling a work envelope of 204 x 276 µm for each individual. The microwear textures were examined for post-mortem damage and uploaded to SSFA software packages for surface characterization. Statistical analyses were performed to examine differences in central tendencies and distributions of anisotropy and textural fill volume variables among the EMH sample itself by habitat, location, and time interval, and between the EMH and Neandertal samples by habitat and location. Descriptive statistics for the EMH sample were compared to seven bioarchaeological samples (n = 156) that utilized different tooth-use behaviors to better elucidate specific activities that may have been performed by EMH. Results show no significant differences between the means within the EMH sample by habitat, location, or time interval. Furthermore, there are no significant differences found here between EMH and Neandertals. Comparisons to the bioarchaeological samples suggest both fossil groups participated in clamping and grasping activities. These results indicate that EMH and Neandertals were similar in their non-dietary anterior tooth-use behaviors and provide additional evidence for overlapping behavioral strategies employed by these two hominins.


Assuntos
Comportamento/fisiologia , Fósseis/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Homem de Neandertal/anatomia & histologia , Desgaste dos Dentes/etiologia , Animais , Antropologia Física , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Ecossistema , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/fisiologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Homem de Neandertal/fisiologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Desgaste dos Dentes/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(12): 2049-2053, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587442

RESUMO

Orthodontic brackets, specifically in their slots, are responsible for receiving active orthodontic forces and transferring them to the teeth to be moved. The presence of an altered slot or inaccurate dimensions can influence the mechanical relationship between the bracket and archwire, interfering with the biomechanics of tooth movement. The objective of this study was by comparing the accuracy of slot placement of upper right lateral incisor metal brackets for Bioprogressive Ricketts therapy from five trademarks. The following characteristics were evaluated: height, torque, and internal parallelism of the walls of the slot. The sample included 75 brackets, 15 each from the following trademarks: 3M Abzil, Forestadent, Morelli Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, and Tecnident. Images of the slot profiles were obtained through standardized techniques using scanning electron microscopy, measured by the AutoCAD 2017 software, and compared to Ricketts prescription, respecting standard deviation with the technical and tolerance parameters present in standard ISO 27020. The results indicated that most of the evaluated characteristics were in accordance with the standard parameters, considering the tolerance adopted. There were exceptions found to this pattern of precision in the 3M Abzil brackets with regard to torque variation, and the Morelli brackets in relation to height variation and parallelism between the walls of the slot. Considering the measured dimensional characteristics, the metal brackets used in Bioprogressive Ricketts therapy has satisfactory pattern accuracy; however, there are still some specific inaccuracies in brackets from certain brands that can require more attention during the detailing phase.


Assuntos
Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Incisivo/fisiologia , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Ortodontia/métodos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Fios Ortodônticos , Aço Inoxidável , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Torque
13.
J Healthc Eng ; 2019: 9687127, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485303

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the biomechanical effects of four different auxiliary-aligner combinations for the extrusion of a maxillary central incisor and to define the most effective design through finite element analysis (FEA). Materials and Methods: A full maxillary arch (14 teeth) was modelled by combining two different imaging techniques: cone beam computed tomography and surface-structured light scan. The appliance and auxiliary element geometries were created by exploiting computer-aided design (CAD) procedures. The reconstructed digital models were imported within the finite element solver (Ansys® 17). For the extrusion movement, the authors compared the aligner without an attachment with three auxiliary-aligner designs: a rectangular palatal attachment, a rectangular buccal attachment, and an ellipsoid buccal attachment. The resulting force-moment (MF) system delivered by the aligner to the target tooth and the tooth displacement were calculated for each scenario. Results: The maximum tooth displacement along the z-axis (0.07 mm) was obtained with the rectangular palatal attachment, while the minimum (0.02 mm) was obtained without any attachments. With the ellipsoid attachment, the highest undesired moments M x and M y were found. The rectangular palatal attachment showed the highest F z (2.0 N) with the lowest undesired forces (F x = 0.4 N; F y = -0.2 N). Conclusions: FEA demonstrated that the rectangular palatal attachment can improve the effectiveness of the appliance for the extrusion of an upper central incisor.


Assuntos
Incisivo/fisiologia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/fisiologia , Ortodontia/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Dente Molar , Dinâmica não Linear , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Ligamento Periodontal , Estresse Mecânico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 100: 103389, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398693

RESUMO

The present study elucidates the mechanical performance of different designs of resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses made of lithium disilicate simulating masticatory loads of anterior or canine guidance. A three-dimensional model of maxilla was constructed containing central incisor and canine teeth, with edentulous space of the lateral incisor. Three designs of prosthesis were created: retained in central incisor (1-I), retained in canine (1-C) and fixed in both teeth (2-IC). The computational analysis was performed for load in canine and central incisor separately (100N, 45°). The tensile and shear stresses were calculated for the resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis, bonding surface of each retainer and cement layer using 3D finite element analysis. The 20 highest stress values were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test, all with α = 5%. The computational analysis showed that 2-retainer resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis presented the worst prognosis regardless of the mandibular movement. ANOVA showed that Mandibular movement*Retainer interaction influenced on the tensile and shear stresses values (p < 0.01). Higher stresses were observed in the connector region for all groups (13-82.2 MPa; 11-70.2 MPa). In order to reduce the stress concentration in the resin-bonded fixed dental prosthesis and the retainer made of lithium disilicate, the occlusion may serve as the selection criteria of the unitary abutment for better sustainability.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária/química , Prótese Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Resinas Sintéticas , Simulação por Computador , Dente Canino/fisiologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Incisivo/fisiologia , Mandíbula/fisiologia , Teste de Materiais , Maxila , Prognóstico , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estresse Mecânico , Resistência à Tração , Dente/fisiologia
15.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8419, 2019 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182743

RESUMO

In humans, the incisors and molars have distinct functions during mastication, analogous to the two main types of handgrip, the precision and power grips. In the present study, we investigated cortical activation and masticatory muscle activity during incisal and molar biting via simultaneous functional magnetic resonance imaging and electromyogram (EMG) recordings. We conducted recordings in 15 healthy adult participants while they performed incisal and molar biting tasks at three step-wise force levels using two custom-made splints. Regarding the results of the ROI analysis, we found a significantly stronger positive linear correlation between the blood oxygenation level dependent signal and EMG activity during molar biting than incisal biting, which was particularly prominent in the primary sensorimotor cortex and the cerebellum. We also found a significantly stronger negative linear correlation during incisal biting than molar biting, which was particularly prominent in the rostral cingulate motor area, superior frontal gyrus, and caudate nucleus. These findings indicate that molar biting enables powerful chewing: brain activity in several brain areas related to motor function was increased with increasing bite force levels, while incisal biting enables fine motor control: brain activity in several brain areas related to motor control was increased with reduced bite force levels.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mastigação/fisiologia , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Adulto , Mapeamento Encefálico , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
J Morphol ; 280(8): 1185-1196, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180596

RESUMO

Naked mole-rats (Heterocephalus glaber) are fossorial, eusocial rodents that exhibit the unusual capability of moving their lower incisors independently in lateral and rostroventral directions. The evolution of this trait would presumably also involve concurrent alterations in neck musculature to support and control movements of the lower incisors. In order to assess morphological adaptations that might facilitate these movements, we performed detailed dissections of the neck musculature of adult naked mole-rats. In addition to characterizing attachment sites of superficial, suprahyoid, and infrahyoid musculature, we also quantified muscle mass and mandibular features thought to be associated with gape (condyle height, condyle length, and jaw length). Based on muscle attachment sites, the platysma myoides may contribute to lateral movement of the lower incisor and hemi-mandible in naked mole-rats. The large digastric muscle is likely to be a main contributor to rostroventral movement of each lower incisor. The geniohyoid and mylohyoid muscles also likely contribute to rostroventral movements of the lower incisors, and the mylohyoid may also produce lateral spreading of the hemi-mandibles. The transverse mandibular (intermandibularis) muscle likely serves to reposition the lower incisors back to a midline orientation following a movement.


Assuntos
Osso Hioide/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Ratos-Toupeira/anatomia & histologia , Movimento , Músculos do Pescoço/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Peso Corporal , Tamanho do Órgão
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(2): 108-115, abr. 30, 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145301

RESUMO

Statement of problem : fracture of endodontically treated teeth is reduced by the use of a post with ferrule, but the effect of different ferrule configurations and dowel materials is not clear. Purpose: to evaluate the effect of ferrules with different configurations and heights on the stress of endodontically treated teeth restored with three different post and dowel materials. Materials and Methods: fifteen models of maxillary central incisors restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns were obtained using pro engineer software. the models were divided into three groups, each consisting of five models with ferrule heights of 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm with oblique fracture, 4mm with oblique fracture, the models under group GFR were restored with fiberglass reinforced post (GFR) and composite core build-up, group NiCr with a custom cast post metal alloy (NiCr), and group Zr with zirconia post (Zr) and composite core build-up. an oblique load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 135 degrees was applied to the palatal surface of the tooth, a vertical load of 100N and 150N at an angle of 90 degrees was applied to the incisal tip of the tooth. The maximum principal stress and the von mises stress was calculated for the remaining tooth structure and post apex using the finite element analysis (FEA) software. Results: the maximum von misses stress was observed in the apex of the post (p<0.05). Group Zr showed the highest mean stress (6.39Mpa) followed by group NiCr (5.65Mpa). There was a significant difference between post and between NiCr and Zr post for 2mm and 4mm ferrule height, while for 0mm ferrule there was a significant difference between the GFR and NiCr groups (p<0.05). Under oblique load, the maximum mean stress was observed in remaining tooth structures while for vertical load, it was observed at the apex of the post. Regarding ferrule heights, there were significant differences between 0mm-2mm, and 0mm-4mm uniform ferrule in post apex in the case of NiCr posts (p<0.05). Absence of ferrule resulted in higher stress for the NiCr group. Conclusion: higher loads that led to fracture were observed only at the apex of the post. Zirconia posts (group Zr) had higher fracture loads, whereas absence of ferrule resulted in higher fracture load with custom cast posts (group NiCr). Fracture thresholds were high on the remaining tooth structure for all the dowel systems especially for composite core build up irrespective of ferrule height and configuration. Clinical implications: appropriate selection of post and dowel materials in different configurations of ferrule heights ensures clinical success.


Indicación del problema: la fractura de los dientes tratados endodónticamente se reduce mediante el uso de un poste con férula, pero el efecto de diferentes configuraciones de férula y materiales de clavija no está claro. Propósito: evaluar el efecto de los casquillos con diferentes configuraciones y alturas sobre el estrés de los dientes tratados endodónticamente restaurados con tres materiales diferentes de postes y tacos. materiales y métodos: quince modelos de incisivos centrales superiores restaurados con porcelana fundida a coronas de metal se obtuvieron con el software Pro Engineer. Los modelos se dividieron en tres grupos, cada uno de los cuales consta de cinco modelos con alturas de casquillo de 0mm, 2mm, 4mm, 2mm con fractura oblicua, 4mm con fractura oblicua. los modelos del grupo GFR fueron restaurados con poste reforzado con fibra de vidrio (GFR) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto, grupo nicr con una aleación de metal de poste fundido personalizado (NiCr) y grupo Zr con poste de zirconia (Zr) y acumulación de núcleo compuesto. se aplicó una carga oblicua de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 135º a la superficie palatina del diente. se aplicó una carga vertical de 100N y 150N en un ángulo de 90º a la punta incisal del diente. la tensión principal máxima y la tensión de von mises se calcularon para la estructura dental restante y después del vértice utilizando el software de análisis de elementos finitos (FEA). Resultados: el estrés máximo de von falta se observó en el vértice de la publicación (p<0.05). El grupo Zr mostró el mayor estrés medio (6.39Mpa) seguido del grupo NiCr (5.65Mpa). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre la publicación NiCr y Zr para la altura de la férula de 2mm y 4mm, mientras que para la férula de 0mm hubo una diferencia significativa entre los grupos GFR y NiCr (p<0,05), bajo la carga oblicua, la tensión media máxima en las estructuras dentales restantes, mientras que para la carga vertical, se observó en el vértice del poste. En cuanto a las alturas de la férula, hubo diferencias significativas entre la férula uniforme de 0mm-2mm y de 0mm-4mm en el post-apex en el caso de los postes de NiCr (p<0.05), la ausencia de férula dio como resultado un mayor estrés para el grupo NiCr. Conclusión: las cargas más altas que llevaron a la fractura se observaron solo en el vértice del poste; Los postes de zirconia (grupo Zr) tuvieron mayores cargas de fractura, mientras que la ausencia de férula dio como resultado una mayor carga de fractura con postes moldeados personalizados (NiCr de grupo). Los umbrales de fractura fueron altos en la estructura dental restante para todos los sistemas de clavijas, especialmente para la acumulación de núcleos compuestos independientemente de la altura y configuración de la férula. Implicaciones clínicas: la selección adecuada de materiales de postes y tacos en diferentes configuraciones de alturas de férulas asegura el éxito clínico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular/instrumentação , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Incisivo/fisiologia , Modelos Biológicos , Estresse Mecânico , Fraturas dos Dentes , Simulação por Computador , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Materiais Dentários/química , Maxila/fisiologia
18.
Arch Oral Biol ; 94: 48-53, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29957456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the relationship between the central incisor crown inclination and occlusal relationship via three-dimensional study. METHODS: Ten Chinese volunteers with normal occlusion were selected from physical examination of college students. Lateral cephalograms and CT scans were taken, and the CT data were imported into Simplant pro 11.04 to reconstruct three-dimensional model. In the three-dimensional model, every tooth was separated independently. The upper and lower central incisors were moved labial inclination(up) or lingual inclination(down) and then the upper and lower tooth were aligned based on the central incisor's position according to the principles of Andrew's six keys. Four groups were set up with different changes of central incisors. The upper and the lower arch were aligned again based on the moved central incisors. After every motion, the mesio-distal distances of upper and lower canines and first molars were recorded. All data were analyzed using t-test via SPSS19.0, and the significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The results showed that the mesio-distal distances of occlusal relationship were different from normal occlusal relations, when either upper incisor crown inclination or lower incisor crown inclination was changed, and both upper and lower incisor crown inclination were moved in same or opposite direction. According to the statistical analysis, there was no significant difference when the changes of U1-L1 were no more than 10° (P > 0.05). But there was statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) when changes of U1-L1 were more than 20°. CONCLUSIONS: The incisor crown inclination has influence on the establishment of occlusal relationships. The bigger difference upper and lower incisor crown inclination has, the more deviations from the normal occlusal relationship exist.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Coroa do Dente/anatomia & histologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Cefalometria , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Incisivo/fisiologia , Masculino , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar , Ortodontia , Coroa do Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Coroa do Dente/fisiologia , Voluntários , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Vet Dent ; 35(2): 121-130, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29865985

RESUMO

Interrelationships between morphological, densitometric, and mechanical properties of deciduous mandibular teeth (incisors, canine, second premolar) were investigated. To perform morphometric, densitometric, and mechanical analyses, teeth were obtained from 5-month-old sheep. Measurements of mean volumetric tooth mineral density and total tooth volume were performed using quantitative computed tomography. Microcomputed tomography was used to measure total enamel volume, volumetric enamel mineral density, total dentin volume, and volumetric dentin mineral density. Maximum elastic strength and ultimate force of teeth were determined using 3-point bending and compression tests. Pearson correlation coefficients were determined between all investigated variables. Mutual dependence was observed between morphological and mechanical properties of the investigated teeth. The highest number of positive correlations of the investigated parameters was stated in first incisor indicating its superior predictive value of tooth quality and masticatory organ function in sheep. Positive correlations of the volumetric dentin mineral density in second premolar with final body weight may indicate predictive value of this parameter in relation with growth rate in sheep. Evaluation of deciduous tooth properties may prove helpful for breeding selection and further reproduction of sheep possessing favorable traits of teeth and better masticatory organ function, leading to improved performance and economic efficiency of the flock.


Assuntos
Ovinos/anatomia & histologia , Ovinos/fisiologia , Dente Decíduo/anatomia & histologia , Dente Decíduo/fisiologia , Animais , Dente Pré-Molar/anatomia & histologia , Dente Pré-Molar/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Dente Canino/anatomia & histologia , Dente Canino/fisiologia , Densitometria/veterinária , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/fisiologia , Mandíbula , Polônia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/veterinária
20.
Brain Res ; 1698: 62-69, 2018 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29928871

RESUMO

During orthodontic treatment, binding teeth, may change the topographically organized representation of teeth in the cerebral cortex. To test the hypothesis that experimental tooth movement (ETM) changes the somatotopy of an individual tooth arrangement in the somatosensory cortex, we examined the spatiotemporal features of cortical excitatory propagation in response to mechanical stimulation of the maxillary incisor or molar using optical imaging in late adolescent rats without or with ETM. The ETM models consisted of 1d, 3d, and 7d ETM in which a closed-coil spring was ligated between the maxillary first molar and incisors. In controls, incisor and molar mechanical stimulation evoked excitation in the rostral and dorsocaudal regions of the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), respectively. In addition, the secondary somatosensory cortex and insular oral region (S2/IOR) were also activated. Incisor stimulation-induced excitatory regions in S1 of 3d and 7d ETM shifted without changing the maximum excitatory area or peak amplitude; the incisor stimulation-responding region moved toward the dorsocaudal region, which responded to molar stimulation in the control. This shift in excitatory region was not observed in 1d ETM. One day after removal of the coil spring that was attached for 6 days, the excitatory region shift in S1 was recovered to the control region. On the other hand, 1d ETM exhibited facilitation of the excitatory area and peak amplitude upon molar stimulation, and the facilitation of excitatory propagation disappeared in 3d and 7d ETM. These results may explain the clinical finding that abnormal sensation temporally occurs during orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Córtex Somatossensorial/fisiologia , Mobilidade Dentária/patologia , Animais , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia , Estimulação Elétrica , Incisivo/fisiologia , Masculino , Dente Molar/fisiologia , Nociceptividade/fisiologia , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/veterinária
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