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1.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(2): 154-163, maio-ago. 2019. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004861

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este estudo se fundamenta na psicanálise e no materialismo histórico-dialético, segundo o qual os seres humanos se constituem por processo histórico e social. Com base na apropriação por Lacan da obra de Marx, defendemos que o inconsciente é instância histórica e política, constituído em interação com o contexto onde se insere o sujeito. A partir daí, propomos que a divisão sexual do trabalho está inscrita no inconsciente e a identidade de gênero é constituída a partir desse conteúdo simbólico. A tomada de consciência dessa divisão desigual é impedida por uma fantasia ideológica.


Abstract: This work is based on psychoanalysis and historical-dialectical materialism, according to which human beings are constituted by a historical and social process. Based on Lacan's appropriation of Marx's work, we argue that the unconscious is a historical and political instance, constituted in interaction with the context in which the subject is inserted. We then propose that sexual division of labor is inscribed in the unconscious and gender identity is constituted based on this symbolic content. The awareness of this unequal division is hampered by an ideological fantasy.


Assuntos
Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Capitalismo , Identidade de Gênero
2.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(2): 219-227, maio-ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004863

RESUMO

RESUMO: Propomos compreender a poética (Aristóteles, Benjamim) como um aspecto da técnica de enunciação psicanalítica. Partindo da postulação lacaniana conhecida como lalíngua, encontra-se um paralelo entre esta língua preconizada por Lacan e o uso da linguagem tal qual ele é feito na composição da poesia concretista. Através da análise literária de dois poemas brasileiros desta escola, somados às narrativas dos próprios poetas sobre o processo criativo que os incutiu, perfaz-se um caminho para a compreensão da assertiva lacaniana de que "o inconsciente é um savoir-faire com lalíngua" como uma consideração sobre o aspecto de criação poética imbuído no enunciado do analista.


Abstract: This article proposes an analogy between poetic function and psychoanalytic interpretation. Departing from the Lacanian postulation known as lalangue, we intend a parallel between this concept and the use of language as it is performed in concretist poetry. Through the literary analysis of two Brazilian poems of this school, Chico Buarque's Construction and Arnaldo Antunes's The pulse, we suggest the understanding of Lacan's assertion ("the unconscious is a savoir-faire with lalangue") as a consideration of the poetic aspect of the interpretative technique in psychoanalysis.


Assuntos
Poesia como Assunto , Psicanálise , Inconsciente (Psicologia)
3.
Hum Resour Health ; 17(1): 18, 2019 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nursing practice is a key driver of quality care and can influence newborn health outcomes where nurses are the primary care givers to this highly dependent group. However, in sub-Saharan Africa, nursing work environments are characterized by heavy workloads, insufficient staffing and regular medical emergencies, which compromise the ability of nurses to provide quality care. Task shifting has been promoted as one strategy for making efficient use of human resources and addressing these issues. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to understand the nature and practice of neonatal nursing in public hospitals in Nairobi so as to determine what prospect there might be for relieving pressure by shifting nurses' work to others. METHODS: This paper is based on an 18-month qualitative study of three newborn units of three public hospitals-all located in Nairobi county-using an ethnographic approach. We draw upon a mix of 32 interviews, over 250 h' observations, field notes and informal conversations. Data were collected from senior nursing experts in newborn nursing, neonatal nurse in-charges, neonatal nurses, nursing students and support staff. RESULTS: To cope with difficult work conditions characterized by resource challenges and competing priorities, nurses have developed a ritualized schedule and a form of 'subconscious triage'. Informal, organic task shifting was already taking place whereby particular nursing tasks were delegated to students, mothers and support staff, often without any structured supervision. Despite this practice, nurses were agnostic about formal institutionalization of task shifting due to concerns around professional boundaries and the practicality of integrating a new cadre into an already stressed health system. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed a routine template of neonatal nursing work which nurses used to control unpredictability. We found that this model of nursing encouraged delegation of less technical tasks to subordinates, parents and other staff through the process of 'subconscious triage'. The rich insights we gained from this organic form of task shifting can inform more formal task-shifting projects as they seek to identify tasks most easily delegated, and how best to support and work with busy nurses.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Hospitais Públicos , Cuidado do Lactente , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Assistentes de Enfermagem , Enfermagem Pediátrica , Carga de Trabalho , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Departamentos Hospitalares , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Quênia , Modelos de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/provisão & distribução , Pais , Papel Profissional , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Local de Trabalho
4.
Nurs Adm Q ; 43(2): 130-137, 2019 Apr/Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30839450

RESUMO

The nurse leader is ethically responsible for creating diverse and inclusive spaces for both nurses and those we care for. The leader must openly acknowledge and address the negative influence of bias and prejudice within health care organizations. This requires both an awareness of the influence of unconscious bias within the organization and appropriate actions to mitigate its impact. This process begins with an in-depth examination of one's own biases and continues through actions at the individual and organizational levels. Nurse leaders are well positioned to address and mitigate the negative influence of bias within organizations. This article discusses the influence of unconscious bias as well as strategies that the nurse leader can use to build diverse and inclusive organizations.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Preconceito , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Humanos
5.
Law Hum Behav ; 43(2): 131-143, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30883180

RESUMO

Recent findings suggest that priming may be useful for facilitating disclosure in investigative interviews; however, the effects of priming on behavioral outcomes have been mixed. The current studies attempted to replicate the increase in information disclosure when the concept of "openness" is primed. We assessed the separate and combined influence of context reinstatement instructions and activation of the concept of openness (via lexical primes in Experiment 1, via contextual and embodiment primes in Experiment 2) on information disclosure. In doing so, we introduced a novel paradigm to investigate factors contributing to the elicitation of sensitive personal information that participants provided in written (Experiment 1) or verbal (Experiment 2) form. Participants (Experiment 1: N = 173; Experiment 2: N = 194) completed a checklist of illegal behaviors and misdeeds, then engaged in an unrelated task that was used to administer the priming manipulation (either the concept of "open" or "closed," or a neutral prime). Participants then described a life event related to the most serious illegal behavior to which they had admitted, following either a direct request for information or a context reinstatement instruction. Across both experiments, context reinstatement led to robust increases in information disclosure. Although we failed to replicate prior effects of priming on disclosure, our observed effect sizes fell within the confidence intervals of previous studies. A meta-analytic assessment of priming across the two studies suggested a small but significant increase in information elicitation, suggesting that investigators are best served using evidence-based interviewing tactics during investigative interviews. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Estimulação Subliminar , Revelação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Inconsciente (Psicologia)
6.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(1): 1-16, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755675

RESUMO

This paper explores the relation of concepts of the unconscious to notions of the imagination, and both to the dynamics of shame. In this discussion dreams occupy a central place, since they are so intimately related to human relationships and to the human imagination. What is seen, not seen, concealed, relied upon for others not to understand, and what is imagined in the responses of others and of oneself-these are essentially shame dynamics, since our identity is determined by relationships.


Assuntos
Sonhos , Imaginação , Teoria Psicanalítica , Vergonha , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Humanos
7.
Psicol. USP ; 30: e180068, 2019. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-990269

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo investiga as relações da criança com o saber. O ponto de partida é a prática clínica com crianças que apresentaram impasses no acesso ao saber escolar e, na investigação analítica, revelaram a trama inconsciente na qual o saber ocupa um lugar no sintoma familiar. Apresentaremos a discussão teórica considerando que o acesso ao saber porta uma dimensão estrutural de impedimento, que é a impossibilidade do saber diante da castração. Sendo assim, percorreremos dois caminhos para discutir o que impede o acesso ao saber. No primeiro caminho abordaremos a relação entre demanda e desejo e suas incidências sobre a criança. No segundo percurso discutiremos a relação entre saber e verdade, explorando as relações e os limites entre os dois termos, acrescentando a essa discussão um terceiro termo essencial: o gozo.


Résumé Cet article examine les relations de l'enfant avec la connaissance. La pratique clinique et la recherche analytique avec des enfants qui ont présenté des impasses dans l'accès à les connaissances scolaires révèlent souvent la relation inconsciente dans laquelle la connaissance occupe une place dans le symptôme familier. Une discussion théorique sera présentée, considérant que l'accès au savoir porte une dimension structurelle d'empêchement, qui est l'impossibilité du savoir face à la castration. De cette façon, deux chemins seront abordés pour discuter de ce qui empêche l'accès à la connaissance. D'abord, la relation entre la demande et le désir et leurs incidences sur l'enfant sera abordée. Dans le deuxième chemin, la relation entre connaissance et vérité sera discutée, en explorant les relations et les frontières entre les deux termes, en ajoutant à cette discussion un troisième terme essentiel : la jouissance.


Resumen Este artículo examina las relaciones entre el niño y el saber. El punto de partida es la práctica clínica con niños que presentaron dificultades en el acceso al saber escolar, y en la investigación analítica se reveló la trama inconsciente en la que el saber ocupa un lugar en el síntoma familiar. Presentamos la discusión teórica considerando que el acceso al saber contiene una dimensión estructural de impedimento, que es la imposibilidad del saber ante la castración. Por eso recorreremos dos caminos para discutir lo que impide el acceso al saber. En el primer, abordaremos la relación entre demanda y deseo y sus incidencias sobre el niño. En el segundo, discutiremos la relación entre saber y verdad, explorando las relaciones y los límites entre los dos términos, añadiendo a esa discusión un tercer término esencial: el goce.


Abstract This paper investigates the child's relationship with knowledge. Clinical practice and analytical research with children with difficulties to access school knowledge revealed the unconscious dynamics in which knowledge occupies a place in the family symptom. A theoretical discussion will be presented considering that access to knowledge bears a structural dimension of impediment, which is the impossibility of knowing in the face of castration. Therefore, we will investigate two paths to discuss what prevents access to knowledge. The first addresses the relationship between demand and desire and how it affects children. The second discusses the relationship between knowledge and truth, exploring the relationships and boundaries between both, adding to this discussion a third essential term: jouissance.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Psicanálise , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Transtornos de Aprendizagem/etiologia , Transtornos de Aprendizagem/psicologia
8.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 55(1): 40-53, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30561827

RESUMO

This essay challenges the most basic tenet of Jung's analytical psychology, namely, the existence of the collective unconscious. Despite the fact that there are purported to be universal processes and ontological features of mind throughout all psychoanalytical schools of thought, Jung's is unique in the history of psychoanalytic ideas for positing a supraordinate, autonomous transpersonal psyche that remains the source, ground, and wellspring from which all unconscious and conscious manifestations derive. This bold claim is analyzed through a close inspection of Jung's texts that questions the philosophical justification for postulating a supernatural macroanthropos or reified collective mind. Pointing out the problems of agency and fallacies of hypostatization, it is not necessary to evoke a transpersonal cosmogony to explain how universality suffuses individual subjectivity within social collectives. Here we may conclude that the collective unconscious construct is a signifier for the common psychological dynamics and characteristics of shared humanity. In this sense, the myth of the collective unconscious is better understood as a metaphor for a higher abstraction or ideal principle ordained with numinous value.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , História do Século XX , Humanos
9.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(3): 932-952, set.-dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-986489

RESUMO

A clínica contemporânea nos confronta com sujeitos sujeitados a imposições maciças do gozo. As fixações pulsionais comparecem, muitas vezes, livres do ocultamento fantasmático no inconsciente. Prevalece um tipo de laço com o Outro que remonta às modalidades mais arcaicas de relação do eu com o objeto. Diante deste cenário, interrogamos qual seria o estatuto do fantasma hoje. Nosso fio condutor será a hipótese de um rebaixamento da eficácia simbólica da autoridade paterna em conter o egoísmo pulsional que se manifesta na radicalização dos apelos ao gozo ilimitado. A gramática fantasmática é um anteparo simbólico-imaginário que permite interpretar a posição libidinal de cada um diante do real do desejo do Outro. O desmentido da função do pai como agente da castração, engendra um sujeito voraz, cuja debilidade do eu resulta em alterações psicóticas do caráter.(AU)


The contemporary clinic confronts us with subjects subject to massive impositions of jouissance. Drive fixations often appear free from the phantasmatic occultation in the unconscious. A kind of bond prevails with the Other that goes back to the more archaic forms of relation of the self to the object. Faced with this scenario, we ask what the status of the phantasm would be today. Our guiding principle will be the hypothesis of a debasement of the symbolic efficacy of paternal authority in containing drive's egoism, which manifests itself in the radicalization of the calls to unlimited jouissance. The phantasmatic grammar is a symbolic-imaginary screen that allows for interpreting the libidinal position of each one when faced the real of the desire of the Other. The disavowal of the paternal function as an agent of castration produces a voracious subject, whose weakness of self results in psychotic alterations of character.(AU)


La clínica contemporánea nos confronta con sujetos sometidos a imposiciones masivas del goce. Las fijaciones pulsionales, frecuentemente, están libres del ocultamiento fantasmático en el inconsciente. Prevalece un tipo de lazo con el Otro que se remonta a las modalidades más arcaicas de relación del yo con el objeto. Ante este escenario, interrogamos cuál sería el estatuto del fantasma hoy. Nuestro hilo conductor será la hipótesis de un descenso de la eficacia simbólica de la autoridad paterna en contener el egoísmo pulsional que se manifiesta en la radicalización de las llamadas al goce ilimitado. La gramática fantasmática es una mampara simbólica-imaginaria que permite interpretar la posición libidinal de cada uno ante el real del deseo del Otro. El desmentido de la función del padre como agente de la castración, engendra un sujeto voraz, cuya debilidad del yo resulta en alteraciones psicóticas del carácter.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Angústia de Castração/psicologia , Caráter , Fantasia
10.
Am J Psychoanal ; 78(3): 247-266, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980737

RESUMO

In this paper the author asks, "How long is the life of an intersubjective field?" She proposes that it is possible for the field to remain active and instructive even after formal sessions have ended: This occurs in her case of Carla, a young woman who terminates prematurely. Carla enters treatment in a downward spiral of severe trauma symptoms that began subsequent to her rape, a decade earlier. Although Carla's symptoms diminish and the analysis continues to be productive, it suddenly ends in an impasse, leaving the analyst perplexed and feeling professionally insufficient. Months later, she has three dreams pertaining to Carla and her rape. Largely employing Jessica Benjamin's recognition theory and her representation of the intersubjective third, as well as contemporary Bionian thinking, the paper depicts how countertransference dreaming is one example of how the intersubjective field can carry on the psychoanalytic function-even outside of formal treatment.


Assuntos
Contratransferência (Psicologia) , Teoria Psicanalítica , Terapia Psicanalítica , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Sonhos , Humanos
11.
Cuad. psiquiatr. psicoter. niño adolesc ; (65): 9-15, ene.-jun. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-173909

RESUMO

Es peligroso evaluar el impacto de un fenómeno en la época en la que vivimos. El riesgo es doble: sea al idealizar el pasado, darse a la nostalgia y juzgar negativamente su época; o al idealizar al presente, sacrificar todo al modernismo y despreciar los valores del pasado en nombre del progreso. En los dos casos, el mecanismo de base es proyectivo: proyectar sobre épocas pasadas tanto en los buenos aspectos de nuestros objetos internos, como en los malos - en los dos casos, nuestro mundo interno está escindido y nuestra percepción de la realidad distorsionada. El presente intenta inscribirse en una aproximación atenuada de la inevitable pregunta '¿qué impacto ha tenido sobre la evolución de nuestras sociedades occidentales el descubrimiento freudiano del inconsciente dinámico y de la sexualidad infantil?' Una metáfora viene a la mente: aquella del mito de Pandora la cual, guiada por su curiosidad, abre la caja que custodiaba, a pesar de la prohibición de Zeus, dejando escapar los vientos maléficos sobre toda la humanidad. ¿Es acaso una curiosidad mórbida la que nos empuja a abrir la caja de Pandora al mundo inconsciente y de los deseos reprimidos? ¿Podemos atenuar el daño recurriendo a otra metáfora: aquella del aliento, imagen del espíritu que anima a los seres y les da la vida? ¿La exploración psicoanalítica y las teorías que la avalan representarían, bajo este ángulo, una conquista universal del pensamiento humano? ¿Qué formas haría falta darles para obtener de ellas unos efectos benéficos para la sociedad entera? Esta problemática será explorada a la luz de la evolución del status dado al pensamiento y a la práctica psicoanalítica en el espacio cultural francófonol


Il est risqué d'évaluer l'impact d'un phénomène sur l'époque dans laquelle on vit. Le risque est double: soit idéaliser le passé, donner dans la nostalgie et juger négativement son époque - soit idéaliser le présent, tout sacrifier au modernisme et rejeter les valeurs du passé au nom du progrès. Dans les deux cas, le mécanisme de base est projectif : projeter sur des époques révolues tantôt les bons aspects de nos objets internes, tantôt les mauvais – dans les deux cas, notre monde interne est clivé et notre perception de la réalité faussée. Le présent essai s'inscrit dans une approche tempérée de cette question incontournable «quel impact a eu sur l'évolution de nos sociétés occidentales la découverte freudienne de l'inconscient dynamique et de la sexualité infantile?» Une métaphore vient à l'esprit : celle du mythe de Pandore qui, guidée par sa curiosité, ouvrit la jarre dont elle était dépositaire, malgré l'interdiction de Zeus, laissant échapper des vents maléfiques sur toute l'humanité. Est-ce une curiosité morbide qui nous pousse à ouvrir la boîte de Pandore du monde inconscient et des désirs refoulés? Pouvons-nous tempérer le danger en recourant à une autre métaphore: celle du souffle, image de l'esprit qui anime les êtres et leur donne vie? L'exploration psychanalytique et les théories qui en rendent compte représenteraient-elles sous cet angle un acquis universel de la pensée humaine? Quelles formes faut-il leur donner pour en tirer des effets bénéfiques pour la société tout entière? Cette problématique sera explorée à la lumière de l'évolution du statut donné à la pensée et à la pratique psychanalytique dans l'espace culturel francophone


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Impulso (Psicologia) , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Teoria Psicanalítica , Teoria Freudiana , Impacto Psicossocial , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(18): e0578, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29718854

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Life-threatening anaphylactic shock is a rare (1 in 1 million) but documented occurrence in response to subcutaneous immunotherapy. Immediate administration of Epinephrine (Epi) is critical to save lives in these situations. The current protocol for systemic reactions in immunotherapy is for the prescribing physician to reassess the dosing and schedule as well as the risk:benefit assessment for the therapy and determine whether or not to proceed. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient revealed concerns regarding the neurologic sequela sustained after undergoinig life-threatening anaphylactic shock. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with anaphylactic shock and treated appropriately. INTERVENTIONS: The patient experienced shortness of breath and was promptly administered 2 shots of 0.3mg Epi followed by a loss of consciousness (LOC) and a series of 4 consecutive seizures accompanied with LOC and urinary incontinence. Seizures as a manifestation of anaphylaxis are rare with 1 study claiming 13% of cases of anaphylaxis having LOC and only 1.5% cases with loss of bladder or bowel control. OUTCOMES: This case is one of continued subcutaneous immunotherapy after the patient had an initial systemic reaction suspicious for anaphylaxis 6 months before the life-threatening anaphylaxis, both induced by immunotherapy. In both instances, there was a significant amount of neurologic involvement. Neurologic sequela included a transient tremor and permanent deficits in vision, fine motor coordination evidenced by a change in handwriting. LESSONS: The current protocol was followed in this patient but still ended up almost ending her life. This protocol seems to be inadequate with regards to potential fatality. Even though a very small number, some patients face life-threatening adverse effects after apparently very low-risk immunotherapies. Therefore, reevaluating the treatment protocol with addition of a longer post-shot observation step and discontinuing treatment in the case of adverse events may help minimize the overall risk of any fatal outcome.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/complicações , Anafilaxia/etiologia , Dessensibilização Imunológica/efeitos adversos , Albuterol/uso terapêutico , Anafilaxia/tratamento farmacológico , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Difenidramina/uso terapêutico , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Tremor/etiologia , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
13.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 21(1): 116-126, jan.-abr. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-904819

RESUMO

Aborda-se a psicanálise, enquanto pensamento prático e clínico, como conquista da imanência. Nesse contexto, a noção de pulsão ganha todo relevo, exigindo, em contrapartida, que sua exploração seja ampliada. Conceito prático, legível como saber em ato, passa a designar um exercício de consistência ética. Uma revisão das versões lacanianas da ética analítica deverá situar devidamente o vetor pulsional. Descrito por elementos da imanência - a força, o vivo e o ativo -, dito vetor constitui o real em psicanálise. A linguagem, nesse campo, se apresenta como uma língua indígena.


Psychoanalysis will be approached, as a practical and clinical thinking, as the conquest of immanence. In this context, the notion of drive gains prominence, demanding in return its development to be magnified. As a practical concept, understood as knowledge in act, the drive designates an exercise of ethical consistency. A review of the lacanian versions of the unconscious ethical status should situate properly the drive vector. Described by elements of immanence - the strength, the "live" and the "active" - such vector is the "real" in psychoanalysis. The language in this field presents the appearance of an indigenous language.


Assuntos
Ética , Psicanálise , Inconsciente (Psicologia)
14.
PLoS One ; 13(2): e0192201, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401503

RESUMO

Continuous flash suppression (CFS) has become a popular tool for studying unconscious processing, but the level at which unconscious processing of visual stimuli occurs under CFS is not clear. Response priming is a robust and well-understood phenomenon, in which the prime stimulus facilitates overt responses to targets if the prime and target are associated with the same response. We used CFS to study unconscious response priming of shape: arrows with left or right orientation served as primes and targets. The prime was presented near the limen of consciousness and each trial was followed by subjective rating of visibility and a forced-choice response concerning the orientation of the prime in counterbalanced order. In trials without any reported awareness of the presence of the prime, discrimination of the prime's orientation was at chance level. However, priming was elicited in such unconscious trials. Unconscious priming was not influenced by the prime-target onset-asynchrony (SOA)/prime duration, whereas conscious processing, as indicated by the enhanced discriminability of the prime's orientation and conscious priming, increased at the longest SOAs/prime durations. These results show that conscious and unconscious processes can be dissociated with CFS and that CFS-masking does not completely suppress unconscious visual processing of shape.


Assuntos
Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Psychoanal Rev ; 105(1): 119-124, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29364077

RESUMO

This paper discusses how we interpret and experience time and how such experiences affect our understanding of the topographical as well as the structural models. Following the thought of both ancient Hindu teachings (the Upanishads) and contemporary findings from quantum mechanics, the paper frames the discussion within a unitary experience of both mind and everyday experience. The function and role of clinical interpretations are also discussed. Following the tradition articulated in Roy Schaffer's action language model as well as insights from existentialism, the paper offers a deeper appreciation of individual agency and its role in self-understanding and personal growth.


Assuntos
Existencialismo , Teoria Psicanalítica , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Humanos , Terapia Psicanalítica , Tempo
16.
Rev. psicanal ; 25(2): http://revista.sppa.org.br/index.php/RPdaSPPA/article/view/371/412, 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-988196

RESUMO

Integrando os dados da psicologia geral, da psicologia clínica perinatal, das neurociências e da psicanálise, o autor aborda as relações entre memória e consciência com o objetivo de oferecer uma definição unitária do conceito de inconsciente. Destacando a base biológica da memória nas redes neurais, afirma que, em um único cérebro (ninguém possui um cérebro igual ao outro), podem ser consideradas como memória todas as funções que aquele cérebro aprendeu ao longo do seu desenvolvimento neuropsíquico relacional a partir da época fetal. O autor expõe conceitos a propósito dessa construção relacional do cérebro de cada indivíduo, destacando a maneira através da qual, a partir da atividade biologicamente emocional do cérebro, a inteira funcionalidade de um mindbrain (mentecérebro) pode ser construída. Desta funcionalidade, vários níveis de alguma forma de consciência podem apresentar-se à subjetividade de um indivíduo, correspondendo a uma parte mínima e, às vezes, não significativa do enorme e contínuo trabalho neuromental, o qual, de forma inconsciente, regula o organismo, tanto do ponto de vista mental quanto comportamental. Neste contexto, o autor observa que, na atual cultura institucional psicanalítica e na cultura em geral, o inconsciente continua sendo considerado somente como o que foi descrito e teorizado por Freud, isto é, aquilo que aparece em alguma forma de consciência no analista e que ele traduz em uma verbalização, em um momento específico da sua relação com um paciente


Assuntos
Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Consciência
17.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-914560

RESUMO

Este artículo desarrolla varios fundamentos de la psicología junguiana desde las elaboraciones directas de su creador, el psicólogo suizo Carl Gustav Jung, perspectiva también llamada, por muchos psicólogos de esta teoría, psicología compleja. A la par aquí se exponen algunas ideas claves referentes al pensamiento complejo de Edgar Morin, cuyo sustento es derivado del paradigma de la complejidad. En este ejercicio se encuentran pautas que podrían brindar un sustento epistemológico a algunos conceptos junguianos proponiendo, a su vez, otra mirada a esta corriente psicológica. Así, tal como lo propuso Jung, se entiende que el reconocimiento de las profundidades inconscientes es tan necesario para el sujeto como el entendimiento de su consciente y la dinámica entre ambos.


This article develops several foundations of the Jungian psychology from the direct elaborations of its creator the Swiss psychologist Carl Gustav Jung, perspective also called, by many psychologists of this theory, like complex psychology. At the same time, some key ideas regarding Edgar Morin's complex thinking are presented, whose sustenance is derived from the complexity paradigm. In this exercise are found guidelines that could provide an epistemological support to some Jungian concepts, proposing, in turn, another look at this psychological current. Thus, as Jung proposed, it is understood that the recognition of the unconscious depths is as necessary for the subject as the understanding of his conscious and the dynamics between both. Recalling that, according to the complex thinking, it is in the concurrence, from where a more real approach towards the understanding of the systems is possible. It is understood then that the unconscious should not be explored exclusively in relation to that which afflicts the subject, as a repetition (circular), but also as to its creative facet ­unconscious that with the help of consciousness, it becomes recursive (spiral) and source of healing.


Assuntos
Humanos , Teoria Junguiana , Psicoterapia , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Sujeitos da Pesquisa/psicologia
18.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 22(2): 105-129, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005104

RESUMO

En el presente trabajo se analizan las narrativas acerca de la revelación de identidad sexual dadas por un sujeto que se autodenomina "gay" en miras de evidenciar en ellas los pensamientos preconscientes que subyacen; se destacan en dichos relatos los deseos y defensas. En los resultados, los lenguajes predominantes detectados son el fálico uretral y el oral secundario. Las escenas iniciales se sitúan en la etapa preadolescente, uno de los recuerdos es nodal en tanto que permite evidenciar cómo la tramitación de la excitación sexual, tiene correlato con la constitución del preconsciente. En el estudio de las defensas se destaca la falla en la represión y cómo ésta toma un matiz patógeno, sostenida en defensas secundarias, como la negación y la conversión en lo contrario. Al final se articulan los resultados con la teoría, para evidenciar cómo los relatos infantiles están vigentes en tanto que no están procesadas las fantasías inconscientes. (AU)


In the present work, we analyze the narratives centered on the revelation of sexual identity as retold by an individual who says he´s "gay" in order to present his preconscious thoughts as well as the wishes and defenses that stand out in these narrations. In the results, the predominant languages detected are the urethral phallic and the secondary oral. The initial scenes are staged in his preadolescent stage. One of the recollections is central in that it makes it possible to demonstrate the correlation between the sexual arousal process and the constitution of the preconscious. In the study of defenses, the failure of repression stands out as well as how it takes on a pathogenic nuance, sustained in secondary defenses, such as disavowal and conversion to the contrary. To conclude, the results are articulated with the theory, to show how the children's narrations are present insofar as unconscious phantasies are not processed. (AU)


Assuntos
Adolescente , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Identidade de Gênero , Linguagem , Psicanálise
19.
Cuestiones infanc ; 20: 51-58, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-995522

RESUMO

Según los desarrollos de René Kaës la transmisión psíquica entre generaciones y contemporáneos se habrá de producir mediante el trabajo de la intersubjetividad. Este trabajo se apoya en los conceptos de crisis, apuntalamiento y alianzas inconcientes.


According to the developments of René Kaës the psychic transmission between generations and contemporaries is going to be produce through the work of intersubjectivity. This work is supported by the concepts of crisis, underpinning and unconscious alliances.


Selon les développements de René Kaës la transmission psychique entre générations et contemporains devra être produit par le travail de la intersubjectivité. Ce travail s´appui sur le concepts de crise, étayement et alliances inconcients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Patologia , Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Sintomas Afetivos , Psicanálise , Psicologia
20.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 19(2): 149-157, Jan.-Jun. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-985152

RESUMO

O objetivo deste artigo é fazer um percurso teórico sobre o Complexo de Édipo nas obras de Freud e Lacan através de um recorte neste tema a fim de discorrer sobre a relação entre este evento e o advento do Inconsciente. Sendo este um ponto fundamental da teoria psicanalítica, este artigo se propõe a enfatizar o viés simbólico desta operação responsável pela transição da natureza a cultura. Usaremos o mito da horda primeva descrito em Totem e Tabu; passaremos pelo Complexo de Édipo enquanto triangulação como proposta na obra de Freud e, por fim, será introduzida a relação desta operação com o advento da linguagem como resultado da morte do pai em ambos os mitos, promovendo a entrada na cultura.


The objective of this article is to do a theoretical path about the Oedipus complex in the Freud and Lacan works through a clipping at this issue to discuss the relation between this event and the advent of the Unconscious. Because this is a fundamental point of psychoanalytic theory, this article intends to emphasize the symbolic bias of this operation responsible by the transition from nature to culture. We will use the myth of the primeval horde described in Totem and Taboo, passing by Oedipus complex as a triangulation as proposed in the work of Freud and, finally, it will be introduced the relation of this operation with the advent of language as a result of father's death in both myths, promoting the entry in the culture.


El propósito de este artículo es hacer un curso teórico sobre el Edipo en las obras de Freud y Lacan a través de un recorte en este tema a fin de discutir la relación entre este evento y el advenimiento del inconsciente. Puesto que esto es un punto fundamental de la teoría psicoanalítica, este artículo pretende enfatizar el sesgo simbólico de esta operación responsable por la transición de la naturaleza a la cultura. Utilizaremos el mito de la horda primitiva descrito en Totem y tabú; pasaremos por El Complejo de Edipo como la triangulación como se propone en la obra de Freud y, por último, se introducirá la relación de esta operación con el advenimiento de la lengua como resultado de la muerte del padre en ambos mitos, promoviendo la entrada en la cultura.


Assuntos
Inconsciente (Psicologia) , Cultura , Complexo de Édipo
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