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1.
Chem Biol Interact ; 312: 108816, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505164

RESUMO

Indirubins E804 (indirubin-3'-(2,3 dihydroxypropyl)-oximether) and 7BIO (7-Bromoindirubin-3'-oxime) are synthetic derivatives of natural indirubin, the active compound in Danggui Longhui Wan, a traditional Chinese remedy for cancer and inflammation. Herein, we explore E804 and 7BIO for their potential to modulate key pro-inflammatory genes and cytokines in LN-18 and T98G glioblastoma cells. High grade gliomas typically secrete large amounts of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors that promote tumor growth in an autocrine fashion. Inflammation is emerging as a key concern in the success of new treatment modalities for glioblastomas. Studies indicate that select indirubin derivatives bind and activate signaling of the AHR pathway, as well as inhibit cyclin-dependent kinases and STAT3 signaling. AHR signaling is involved in hematopoiesis, immune function, cell cycling, and inflammation, and thus may be a possible target for glioma treatment. To determine the significance of the AHR pathway in LN-18 and T98G glioma inflammatory profiles, and on the effects of E804 and 7BIO on these profiles, we used 6,2',4'-trimethoxyflavone (TMF), a putative selective AHR antagonist. It was confirmed that E804 and 7BIO activates the AHR leading to cyp1b1 expression, and that TMF antagonizes expression. We then employed a commercial cancer inflammation and immunity crosstalk qRT-PCR array to screen for anti-inflammatory related properties. TMF alone inhibited expression of ifng, ptsg2, il12b, tnfa, il10, il13, the balance between pd1 and pdl1, and even expression of mhc1a/b. E804 was very potent in suppressing many pro-inflammatory genes, including il1a, il1b, il12a, ptgs2, tlr4, and others. E804 also affected expression of il6, vegfa, and stat3. Conversely, 7BIO induced cox2, but suppressed a different selection of pro-inflammatory genes including nos2, tnfa, and igf1. Secretion of IL-6 protein, an iconic inflammatory cytokine, was decreased by E804. VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) protein secretion was upregulated by 7BIO, yet downregulated by E804 and E804 plus TMF. Thus, E804 is both an AHR ligand and regulator of important pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and oncogene STAT3, among others. Our results point to the use of E804 and TMF in combination as a promising new treatment for glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Indóis/farmacologia , Oximas/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP1B1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP1B1/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Indóis/química , Oximas/química , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(32): 17971-17977, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384846

RESUMO

The electron-hole injection from a family of spiropyran photoswitches into A/T-duplex DNA has been investigated at the molecular level for the first time. Multiscale computations coupled with automatized quantitative wavefunction analysis reveal a pronounced directionality and regioselectivity towards the template strand of the duplex DNA. Our findings suggest that this directional and regioselective photoinduced electron-hole transfer could thus be exploited to tailor the charge transport processes in DNA in specific applications.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/química , DNA/química , Indóis/química , Substâncias Intercalantes/química , Nitrocompostos/química , Transporte de Elétrons , Luz , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Oxirredução , Processos Fotoquímicos , Prótons , Termodinâmica
4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(67): 9971-9974, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367709

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a clinically approved cancer treatment that uses light, oxygen and a photosensitizer to produce localized reactive oxygen species (ROS). Due to the short lifetime of ROS, the location of the photosensitizer in the cell is believed to be the key determinant governing the outcome of PDT. To explore the effect of direct association between a photosensitizer and DNA a well know DNA-binding dye, DAPI, was converted into a photosensitizer. Br-DAPI - unlike native DAPI - upon irradiation produces ROS. We demonstrate that the ROS are only effective in inducing dsDNA breaks when Br-DAPI is bound to DNA. In cancer cells (A549) Br-DAPI causes rapid light dependent cell death. This work supports the design of photosensitizers which bind with high affinity to the DNA of target cells for potentially more effective PDT.


Assuntos
Bromo/química , DNA/química , Indóis/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Células A549 , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Dano ao DNA , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Luz , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(67): 9919-9922, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328197

RESUMO

Reported herein is a relebactam-derived fluorogenic reagent for covalent labeling of serine ß-lactamases (SBLs), which are the major causes of bacterial resistance to ß-lactam antibiotics. This highly selective imaging reagent generates over 300-fold stronger near-infrared fluorescence signals upon covalently bonding to SBLs, allowing wash-free visualization of live antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.


Assuntos
Marcadores de Afinidade/farmacologia , Compostos Azabicíclicos/farmacologia , Enterobacter cloacae/isolamento & purificação , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/farmacologia , beta-Lactamases/química , Marcadores de Afinidade/síntese química , Marcadores de Afinidade/química , Compostos Azabicíclicos/síntese química , Compostos Azabicíclicos/química , Enterobacter cloacae/enzimologia , Fluoresceínas/síntese química , Fluoresceínas/química , Fluoresceínas/farmacologia , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/síntese química , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases/química
8.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(28): 5995-6002, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268326

RESUMO

High-resolution X-ray crystallography and two-dimensional NMR studies demonstrate that water-mediated conventional hydrogen-bonding interactions (N-H···N, O-H···N, etc.) bridging two or more amino acid residues contribute to the stability of proteins and protein-ligand complexes. In this work, we have investigated single water-mediated selenium hydrogen-bonding interactions (unconventional hydrogen-bonding) between amino acid residues in proteins through extensive protein data bank (PDB) analysis coupled with gas-phase spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculation of a model complex consisting of indole, dimethyl selenide, and water. Here, indole and dimethyl selenide represent the amino acid residues tryptophan and selenomethionine, respectively. The current investigation demonstrates that the most stable structure of the model complex observed in the IR spectroscopy mimics single water-mediated selenium hydrogen-bonded structural motifs present in the crystal structures of proteins. The present work establishes that water-mediated Se hydrogen-bonding interactions are ubiquitous in proteins and the number of these interactions observed in the PDB is more than that of direct Se hydrogen-bonds present there.


Assuntos
Proteínas/química , Selênio/química , Água/química , Biologia Computacional , Cristalografia por Raios X , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Indóis/química , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Teoria Quântica , Selenometionina/química , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Triptofano/química
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(58): 8402-8405, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257385

RESUMO

A proof-of-principle for the application of hemi-indigo derivatives as RNA binders with photocontrollable fluorescence is presented. The photoswitch binds to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA with a significant light-up effect. The fluorescence of the RNA-bound ligand can be reversibly switched ON and OFF by light without destroying the ligand-RNA associates.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , HIV-1/genética , Indóis/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/efeitos da radiação , Indóis/química , Indóis/efeitos da radiação , Ligantes , Luz , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , RNA/genética , Elementos de Resposta , Estereoisomerismo
10.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111554, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326843

RESUMO

Bovine mastitis is an endemic disease of dairy cattle that is considered to be one of the most frequent and costly diseases in veterinary medicine. An increase in the incidence of disease results in the increased use of antibiotics, which in turn increases the potential of bacterial resistance. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the treatment of bovine mastitis, as an alternative to systemic antibiotics. To identify the key factors affecting photoinactivation efficacy, realistic experiments in view of the end-use were conducted in milk samples using two different photosensitizers: methylene blue (MB) and silicon (IV) phthalocyanine derivative (SiPc). We explored the effects of divalent ions and fat content on the aPDT outcome and determined influence of different proteins on aPDT efficacy. Levels of bacterial sensitivity to PSs varied depending on the type of bacteria (Gram-positive vs. Gram-negative) and light exposure time. Critical interrelated factors affecting aPDT in milk were identified and an efficient combination of treatment conditions that can lead to a full photodynamic inactivation of bacteria was determined.


Assuntos
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Leite/microbiologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Feminino , Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Luz , Mastite Bovina/tratamento farmacológico , Mastite Bovina/microbiologia , Mastite Bovina/patologia , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Azul de Metileno/uso terapêutico , Proteínas do Leite/química , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Oxigênio Singlete/metabolismo
11.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1152-1157, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31179771

RESUMO

Nine indole derivatives (9a-i) were tested as potential inhibitors of the Keap1-Nrf2 interaction. This class of compounds increases the intracellular levels of the transcription factor Nrf2 and the consequent expression of enzymes encoded by genes containing the antioxidant response element (ARE). In the ARE-luciferase reporter assay only 9e-g revealed to be remarkably more active than t-butylhydroxyquinone (t-BHQ), with 9g standing out as the best performing compound. While 9e and 9f are weak acids, 9g is an ampholyte prevailing as a zwitterion in neutral aqueous solutions. The ability of 9e-g to significantly increase levels of Nrf2, NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase 1, and transketolase (TKT) gave further support to the hypothesis that these compounds act as inhibitors of the Keap1-Nrf2 interaction. Docking simulations allowed us to elucidate the nature of the putative interactions between 9g and Keap1.


Assuntos
Indóis/química , Indóis/farmacologia , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HeLa , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(6): 778-790, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160710

RESUMO

Phosphorylation networks intimately regulate mechanisms of response to therapies. Mapping the phospho-catalytic profile of kinases in cells or tissues remains a challenge. Here, we introduce a practical high-throughput system to measure the enzymatic activity of kinases using biological peptide targets as phospho-sensors to reveal kinase dependencies in tumour biopsies and cell lines. A 228-peptide screen was developed to detect the activity of >60 kinases, including ABLs, AKTs, CDKs and MAPKs. Focusing on BRAFV600E tumours, we found mechanisms of intrinsic resistance to BRAFV600E-targeted therapy in colorectal cancer, including targetable parallel activation of PDPK1 and PRKCA. Furthermore, mapping the phospho-catalytic signatures of melanoma specimens identifies RPS6KB1 and PIM1 as emerging druggable vulnerabilities predictive of poor outcome in BRAFV600E patients. The results show that therapeutic resistance can be caused by the concerted upregulation of interdependent pathways. Our kinase activity-mapping system is a versatile strategy that innovates the exploration of actionable kinases for precision medicine.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de 3-Fosfoinositídeo/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Quinase C-alfa/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-pim-1/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Indóis/química , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Masculino , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
13.
Talanta ; 202: 540-545, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171219

RESUMO

In this work, polydopamine electrochemiluminescence (ECL)-organic nanoparticles (EONs) based immunosensing strategy was designed for parathyroid hormone (PTH) detection. Dopamine is oxidized and polymerized to form polydopamine organic nanoparticle via self-polymerization process. Unlike the low photoluminescent efficiency and unsatisfactory fluorescence characters of the fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs), the polydopamine EONs do not only show unique physicochemical properties and excellent biocompatibility, but also provide ideal electrochemical properties and bright ECL signals, which can be employed as high-quality ECL luminophores. The ECL-related properties and performance of the EONs are further discussed in this paper. The sensing method has a linear response in the range of 0.05-8 ng/mL with a detection limit of 17 pg/mL. The applicability of this method is evaluated through the determination of PTH in human plasma samples with satisfactory results. To our best knowledge, this was the first time about the exploration of polydopamine organic nanoparticles as ECL luminophores in the biosensing application.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Indóis/química , Medições Luminescentes , Nanopartículas/química , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Polímeros/química , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 177: 414-424, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158754

RESUMO

Due to the role of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in acetylcholine hydrolysis in the late stages of the Alzheimer's disease (AD), inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) have been recently envisaged, besides acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, as candidates for treating mild-to-moderate AD. Herein, synthesis and AChE/BChE inhibition activity of some twenty derivatives of 1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydroazepino[4,3-b]indole (HHAI) is reported. Most of the newly synthesized HHAI derivatives achieved the inhibition of both ChE isoforms with IC50s in the micromolar range, with a structure-dependent selectivity toward BChE. Apparently, molecular volume and lipophilicity do increase selectivity toward BChE, and indeed the N2-(4-phenylbutyl) HHAI derivative 15d, which behaves as a mixed-type inhibitor, resulted the most potent (IC50 0.17 µM) and selective (>100-fold) inhibitor toward either horse serum and human BChE. Moreover, 15d inhibited in vitro self-induced aggregation of neurotoxic amyloid-ß (Aß) peptide and displayed neuroprotective effects in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line, significantly recovering (P < 0.001) cell viability when impaired by Aß1-42 and hydrogen peroxide insults. Overall, this study highlighted HHAI as useful and versatile scaffold for developing new small molecules targeting some enzymes and biochemical pathways involved in the pathogenesis of AD.


Assuntos
Azepinas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Azepinas/síntese química , Azepinas/química , Azepinas/metabolismo , Butirilcolinesterase/química , Butirilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidores da Colinesterase/síntese química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Drogas , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/síntese química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Indóis/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/síntese química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/metabolismo , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(51): 7410-7413, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180411

RESUMO

A red fluorescent probe (Mito-V) with a long lifetime was designed to monitor viscosity changes with high selectivity and sensitivity. The fluorescence intensity and lifetime of Mito-V displayed a good relationship with the viscosity value, and Mito-V was successfully applied to sensing mitochondrial viscosity changes in living cells under different biological processes.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/química , Benzaldeídos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Indóis/química , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Imagem Óptica , Viscosidade
16.
Comput Biol Chem ; 80: 512-523, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185422

RESUMO

A new series of N'-(substituted phenyl)-5-chloro/iodo-3-phenyl-1H-indole-2-carbohydrazide (5, 6) and N-[2-(substituted phenyl)-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]-5-iodo/chloro-3-phenyl-1H-indole-2-carboxamide (7, 8) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer properties. Compounds 5a and 6b, selected as prototypes by the National Cancer Institute for screening against the full panel of 60 human tumor cell lines at a minimum of five concentrations at 10-fold dilutions, demonstrated remarkable antiproliferative activity against leukemia, non-small cell lung cancer, colon cancer, central nervous system (CNS) cancer, melanoma, ovarian cancer, renal cancer, and breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines with GI50 values < 0.4 µM. A subset of the compounds was then tested for their potential to inhibit tubulin polymerization. Compounds 6f and 6g showed significant cytotoxicity at the nM level on MCF-7 cells and exhibited significant inhibitory activity on tubulin assembly and colchicine binding at about the same level as combretastatin A-4. Finally, docking calculations were performed to identify the binding mode of these compounds. Group 5 and 6 compounds interacted with the colchicine binding site through hydrophobic interactions similar to those of colchicine. These compounds with antiproliferative activity at high nanomolar concentration can serve as scaffolds for the design of novel microtubule targeting agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Tiazolidinas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrazinas/síntese química , Hidrazinas/química , Hidrazinas/metabolismo , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Indóis/metabolismo , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Tiazolidinas/síntese química , Tiazolidinas/química , Tiazolidinas/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 571-588, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220675

RESUMO

In order to obtain novel pharmacological tools and to investigate a multitargeting analgesic strategy, the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptor agonist JWH-018 was conjugated with the opiate analgesic oxycodone or with an enkephalin related tetrapeptide. The opioid and cannabinoid pharmacophores were coupled via spacers of different length and chemical structure. In vitro radioligand binding experiments confirmed that the resulting bivalent compounds bound both to the opioid and to the cannabinoid receptors with moderate to high affinity. The highest affinity bivalent derivatives 11 and 19 exhibited agonist properties in [35S]GTPγS binding assays. These compounds activated MOR and CB (11 mainly CB2, whereas 19 mainly CB1) receptor-mediated signaling, as it was revealed by experiments using receptor specific antagonists. In rats both 11 and 19 exhibited antiallodynic effect similar to the parent drugs in 20 µg dose at spinal level. These results support the strategy of multitargeting G-protein coupled receptors to develop lead compounds with antinociceptive properties.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia , Encefalinas/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Oxicodona/farmacologia , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Opioides mu/antagonistas & inibidores , Analgésicos Opioides/síntese química , Analgésicos Opioides/química , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Encefalinas/química , Indóis/química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/química , Oxicodona/química , Ratos , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptores Opioides mu/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 433-445, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202991

RESUMO

Reported herein is the design, synthesis, and pharmacologic evaluation of a class of TRPV1 antagonists constructed on 2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole as A-region and triazole as B-region. The SAR analysis indicated that 2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole analogues displayed excellent antagonism of hTRPV1 activation by capsaicin and showed better potency compared to the corresponding dihydroindole analogues. Optimization of this design led to the eventual identification of 2-((1-(2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (6g), a potent TRPV1 antagonist. In vitro, using cells expressing recombinant human TRPV1 channels, 6g displayed potent antagonism activated by capsaicin (IC50 = 0.075 µM) and only partially blocked acid activation of TRPV1. In vivo, 6g exhibited good efficacy in capsaicin-induced and heat-induced pain models and had almost no hyperthermia side-effect. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic studies revealed that compound 6g had a superior oral exposure after oral administration in rats. To understand its binding interactions with the receptor, the docking study of 6g was performed in rTRPV1 model and showed an excellent fit to the binding site. On the basis of its superior profiles, 6g could be considered as the lead candidate for the further development of antinociceptive drugs.


Assuntos
Desenho de Drogas , Indóis/farmacologia , Canais de Cátion TRPV/antagonistas & inibidores , Triazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Indóis/administração & dosagem , Indóis/química , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Triazóis/química
19.
Chemosphere ; 233: 975-982, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230826

RESUMO

To remove the harmful dye contaminants via an efficient, facile and low energy consumption route is a grave challenge in current chemical industry. Though the great progresses of TiO2 photocatalysis and enzymatic degradation have been witnessed, the strategy for satisfying the above requirements is still worth exploring. Herein, we develop a biomimetic catalysis strategy for the fast decolorization of organic dyes catalyzed by iron octacarboxylic phthalocyanine (FeOCPc) complexes assisted with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (BuOOH). Methyl orange (MO) and methylene blue (MB) were used as the model pollutants and experimental results show that the decolorization degree of 25 mg/L MO could achieve 100% within 20 min and 80% for 25 mg/L MB within 30 min. The molar ratio for FeOCPc/MO and FeOCPc/MB is 0.146 and 0.142, respectively. Interestingly, other than the high-valent iron-oxygen active species, tert-butyl peroxyl radicals and hydroxyl radicals were detected as the active species generated during the catalytic oxidation by the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurement. This work not only provides a distinctive biomimetic catalysis system of FeOCPc-BuOOH for the fast bleaching of dye pollutants, but also proposes the new insight on a mechanism based on the cooperation catalysis of iron-oxygen active species, tert-butyl peroxyl radicals and hydroxyl radicals.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Indóis/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Compostos Azo , Catálise , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Radical Hidroxila , Ferro/química , Azul de Metileno/química , Modelos Químicos , Oxirredução , Peróxidos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
20.
Soft Matter ; 15(18): 3740-3750, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31042253

RESUMO

A spiropyran-containing triazole-phosphatidylcholine (SPTPC) was synthesized through a copper-catalyzed azide alkyne cyclo-addition (CuAAC) reaction. In water, SPTPCs self-assembled and a spontaneous spiropyran-to-merocyanine (SP-to-MC) isomerization occurred, resulting in coexistence of liposomes and fibers, and switching from the spiropyran (SP) to the merocyanine (MC) isomeric structure induced a reversible transition between these molecular assemblies. Study of the self-assembly of SPTPCs and photo-induced liposome-fiber assembly-transition revealed that the presence of MC enabled additional inter-membrane interaction during self-assembly and that the MC-stacking effect was the driving force for the assembly-transition. Exposure to UV light induced switching from SP to MC, where the planar structure of MC and the confinement of MC led to enhanced MC-stacking. The effect of MC-stacking was both advantageous and disadvantageous: MC-stacking perturbed the hydrophobic phase in the bilayer membrane and facilitated the liposome-to-fiber transition, otherwise the MC-stacking retarded switching of MC to SP, and caused an incomplete recovery of MC to SP during fiber-to-liposome recovery, thus a fatigue of SP was induced by MC-stacking during the liposome-to-fiber transition cycle. To decrease the intermolecular interactions and suppress MC-stacking, photo-inert triazole-phosphatidylcholine (TPC) was incorporated to prepare two-component TPC/SPTPC-liposomes, which exhibited better recovery kinetics. The photo-adaptive behavior of TPC/SPTPC-liposomes confirmed the disturbance of bilayer membranes by inter-membrane MC-stacking and the formation of MCTPC-enriched phases in the bilayer membrane.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos/química , Indóis/química , Lipossomos/química , Nitrocompostos/química , Fosfatidilcolinas/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Triazóis/química , Alquinos/química , Azidas/química , Catálise , Cobre/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Transição de Fase , Raios Ultravioleta
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