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1.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(3): 192-198, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133354

RESUMO

The American health care system has many great successes, but there continue to be opportunities for improving quality, access, and cost. The fee-for-service health care paradigm is shifting toward value-based care and will require accountability around quality assurance and cost reduction. As a result, many health care entities are rallying health care providers, administrators, regulators, and patients around a national imperative to create a culture of safety and develop systems of care to improve health care quality. However, the culture of patient safety and quality requires rigorous assessment of outcomes, and while numerous data collection and decision support tools are available to assist in quality assessment and performance improvement, the public reporting of this data can be confusing to patients and physicians alike and result in unintended negative consequences. This review explores the aims of health care reform, the national efforts to create a culture of quality and safety, the principles of quality improvement, and how these principles can be applied to patient care and medical practice.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/normas , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/legislação & jurisprudência , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Planos de Pagamento por Serviço Prestado/normas , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Segurança do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Formulação de Políticas , Melhoria de Qualidade/legislação & jurisprudência , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(3): 205-211, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133356

RESUMO

Cardiovascular registries play an integral role in providing real-world data on a number of cardiovascular conditions and allowing measurement of quality metrics across a large cohort of patients. Over the past 35 years, the number of cardiovascular registries has skyrocketed, and their use will only continue to grow as data on novel procedures and devices will need to be collected and analyzed. The American College of Cardiology and Society of Thoracic Surgeons Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry is just one example of a modern registry that plays a crucial role in collecting data on patients undergoing transcatheter valvular procedures. Through public reporting registries, data can be shared on a hospital and provider level for many quality performance measures. There remains much work to be done on allowing automated data extraction from the electronic medical record directly into registries. No matter how sophisticated and complete a registry is, it can never overcome the problem of treatment selection bias that is inherent in observational data. This review discusses the growth, benefits, and limitations of national registries and their role in developing evidence for best clinical practice, measuring outcomes, providing feedback to clinicians, and improving quality of care.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Sistema de Registros/normas , Big Data , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Humanos , Registros Públicos de Dados de Cuidados de Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(3): 212-219, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133357

RESUMO

The learning health system is a conceptual model for continuous learning and knowledge generation rooted in the daily practice of medicine. While companies such as Google and Amazon use dynamic learning systems that learn iteratively through every customer interaction, this efficiency has not materialized on a comparable scale in health systems. An ideal learning health system would learn from every patient interaction to benefit the care for the next patient. Notable advances include the greater use of data generated in the course of clinical care, Common Data Models, and advanced analytics. However, many remaining barriers limit the most effective use of large and growing health care data assets. In this review, we explore the accomplishments, opportunities, and barriers to realizing the learning health system.


Assuntos
Big Data , Cardiologistas/educação , Cardiologia/educação , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Educação Médica Continuada , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Sistema de Aprendizagem em Saúde , Acesso à Informação , Confidencialidade , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde
4.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(3): 220-224, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133358

RESUMO

Improving patient experience is a fundamental component of patient-centered care and one of the key strategies for improving health care quality, delivery, and outcomes. Several studies have described the association between improved patient experience and better health outcomes among individuals with cardiovascular disease. These findings are important given that cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and globally. This review summarizes the findings on patient-reported health care experiences and discusses how optimizing these experiences may be a tool to improve health outcomes among individuals with cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Participação do Paciente , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas , Relações Médico-Paciente , Melhoria de Qualidade , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde
5.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(3): 225-231, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133359

RESUMO

Over the past two decades, Medicare and other payers have been looking at ways to base payment for cardiovascular care on the quality and outcomes of care delivered. Public reporting of hospital performance on a series of quality measures began in 2004 with basic processes of care such as aspirin use and influenza vaccination, and it expanded in later years to include outcomes such as mortality and readmission rates. Following the passage of the Affordable Care Act in March 2010, Medicare and other payers moved forward with pay-for-performance programs, more commonly referred to as value-based purchasing (VBP) programs. These programs are largely based on an underlying fee-for-service payment infrastructure and give hospitals and clinicians bonuses or penalties based on their performance. Another new payment mechanism, called alternative payment models (APMs), aims to move towards episode-based or global payments to improve quality and efficiency. The two most relevant APMs for cardiovascular care include Accountable Care Organizations and bundled payments. Both VBP programs and APMs have challenges related to program efficacy, accuracy, and equity. In fact, despite over a decade of progress in measuring and incentivizing high-quality care delivery within cardiology, major limitations remain. Many of the programs have had little benefit in terms of clinical outcomes yet have led to marked administrative burden for participants. However, there are several encouraging prospects to aid the successful implementation of value-based high-quality cardiovascular care, such as more sophisticated data science to improve risk adjustment and flexible electronic health records to decrease administrative burden. Furthermore, payment models designed specifically for cardiovascular care could incentivize innovative care delivery models that could improve quality and outcomes for patients. This review provides an overview of current efforts, largely at the federal level, to pay for high-quality cardiovascular care and discusses the challenges and prospects related to doing so.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/economia , Reembolso de Incentivo/economia , Cardiologia/normas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente/economia , Melhoria de Qualidade/economia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Reembolso de Incentivo/normas , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguro de Saúde Baseado em Valor/economia , Aquisição Baseada em Valor/economia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22447, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019430

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between textbook outcome and survival in patients with surgically treated colon cancer. A total of 804 surgical cases were enrolled between June 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014. Textbook outcome was defined as patients who had colon cancer surgery and met the six healthcare parameters of surgery within 6 weeks, radical resection, lymph node (LN) yield ≥12, no ostomy, no adverse outcome and colonoscopy before/after surgery within 6 months. The effect of textbook outcome on 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression model was used to find significant independent variables and stratified analysis used to determine whether text-book outcome had a survival benefit. A textbook outcome was achieved in 59.5% of patients undergoing colon cancer surgery. Important obstacles to achieving textbook outcome were no stomy, no adverse outcome and LN yield ≥12. Patients with text-book outcome had statistically significant better 5-year DSS compared to those with-out (80.1% vs. 58.3%). Multivariate analyses indicated that colon cancer patients with textbook outcome had better 5-year DSS after adjusting for various confounders ([aHR], 0.44; 95% CI, 0.34-0.57). Thus, besides being an index of short-term quality of care, textbook outcomes could be used as a prognosticator of long-term outcomes, such as 5-year survival rates.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
BMC Fam Pract ; 21(1): 208, 2020 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyse the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic and the lockdown measures on the follow-up and control of chronic diseases in primary care. METHODS: Retrospective study in 288 primary care practices (PCP) of the Catalan Institute of Health. We analysed the results of 34 indicators of the Healthcare quality standard (EQA), comprising different types: treatment (4), follow-up (5), control (10), screening (7), vaccinations (4) and quaternary prevention (4). For each PCP, we calculated each indicator's percentage of change in February, March and April 2020 respective to the results of the previous month; and used the T-Student test for paired data to compare them with the percentage of change in the same month of the previous year. We defined indicators with a negative effect those with a greater negative change or a lesser positive change in 2020 in comparison to 2019; and indicators with a positive effect those with a greater positive change or a lesser negative change. RESULTS: We observed a negative effect on 85% of the EQA indicators in March and 68% in April. 90% of the control indicators had a negative effect, highlighting the control of LDL cholesterol with a reduction of - 2.69% (95%CI - 3.17% to - 2.23%) in March and - 3.41% (95%CI - 3.82% to - 3.01%) in April; and the control of blood pressure with a reduction of - 2.13% (95%CI - 2.34% to - 1.9%) and - 2.59% (95%CI - 2.8% to - 2.37%). The indicators with the greatest negative effect were those of screening, such as the indicator of diabetic foot screening with a negative effect of - 2.86% (95%CI - 3.33% to - 2.39%) and - 4.13% (95%CI - 4.55% to - 3.71%) in March and April, respectively. Only one vaccination indicator, adult Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine, had a negative effect in both months. Finally, among the indicators of quaternary prevention, we observed negative effects in March and April although in that case a lower inadequacy that means better clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 epidemic and the lockdown measures have significantly reduced the results of the follow-up, control, screening and vaccination indicators for patients in primary care. On the other hand, the indicators for quaternary prevention have been strengthened and their results have improved.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Quarentena/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha
9.
PLoS Med ; 17(10): e1003150, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of continuous quality improvement (CQI) in resource-poor settings is very limited. We aimed to establish the effects of CQI on quality of antenatal HIV care in primary care clinics in rural South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing CQI to usual standard of antenatal care (ANC) in 7 nurse-led, public-sector primary care clinics-combined into 6 clusters-over 8 steps and 19 months. Clusters randomly switched from comparator to intervention on pre-specified dates until all had rolled over to the CQI intervention. Investigators and clusters were blinded to randomisation until 2 weeks prior to each step. The intervention was delivered by trained CQI mentors and included standard CQI tools (process maps, fishbone diagrams, run charts, Plan-Do-Study-Act [PDSA] cycles, and action learning sessions). CQI mentors worked with health workers, including nurses and HIV lay counsellors. The mentors used the standard CQI tools flexibly, tailored to local clinic needs. Health workers were the direct recipients of the intervention, whereas the ultimate beneficiaries were pregnant women attending ANC. Our 2 registered primary endpoints were viral load (VL) monitoring (which is critical for elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV [eMTCT] and the health of pregnant women living with HIV) and repeat HIV testing (which is necessary to identify and treat women who seroconvert during pregnancy). All pregnant women who attended their first antenatal visit at one of the 7 study clinics and were ≥18 years old at delivery were eligible for endpoint assessment. We performed intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses using modified Poisson generalised linear mixed effects models. We estimated effect sizes with time-step fixed effects and clinic random effects (Model 1). In separate models, we added a nested random clinic-time step interaction term (Model 2) or individual random effects (Model 3). Between 15 July 2015 and 30 January 2017, 2,160 participants with 13,212 ANC visits (intervention n = 6,877, control n = 6,335) were eligible for ITT analysis. No adverse events were reported. Median age at first booking was 25 years (interquartile range [IQR] 21 to 30), and median parity was 1 (IQR 0 to 2). HIV prevalence was 47% (95% CI 42% to 53%). In Model 1, CQI significantly increased VL monitoring (relative risk [RR] 1.38, 95% CI 1.21 to 1.57, p < 0.001) but did not improve repeat HIV testing (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.13, p = 0.958). These results remained essentially the same in both Model 2 and Model 3. Limitations of our study include that we did not establish impact beyond the duration of the relatively short study period of 19 months, and that transition steps may have been too short to achieve the full potential impact of the CQI intervention. CONCLUSIONS: We found that CQI can be effective at increasing quality of primary care in rural Africa. Policy makers should consider CQI as a routine intervention to boost quality of primary care in rural African communities. Implementation research should accompany future CQI use to elucidate mechanisms of action and to identify factors supporting long-term success. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under registration number NCT02626351.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , Carga Viral/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Soropositividade para HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Ciência da Implementação , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Gravidez , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , RNA Viral/sangue , População Rural , África do Sul , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Adulto Jovem
12.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(5): 912-921, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define and assess the prevalence of potentially life-threatening gynecologic emergencies among women presenting for acute pelvic pain for the purpose of developing measures to audit quality of care in emergency departments. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods multicenter study at gynecologic emergency departments in France and Belgium. A modified Delphi procedure was first conducted in 2014 among health care professionals to define relevant combinations of potentially life-threatening conditions and near misses in the field of gynecologic emergency care. A prospective case-cohort study in the spring of 2015 then assessed the prevalence of these potentially life-threatening emergencies and near misses among women of reproductive age presenting for acute pelvic pain. Women in the case group were identified at 21 participating centers. The control group consisted of a sample of women hospitalized for acute pelvic pain not caused by a potentially life-threatening condition and a 10% random sample of outpatients. RESULTS: Eight gynecologic emergencies and 17 criteria for near misses were identified using the Delphi procedure. Among the 3,825 women who presented for acute pelvic pain, 130 (3%) were considered to have a potentially life-threatening condition. The most common diagnoses were ectopic pregnancies with severe bleeding (n=54; 42%), complex pelvic inflammatory disease (n=30; 23%), adnexal torsion (n=20; 15%), hemorrhagic miscarriage (n=15; 12%), and severe appendicitis (n=6; 5%). The control group comprised 225 hospitalized women and 381 outpatients. Diagnostic errors occurred more frequently among women with potentially life-threatening emergencies than among either hospitalized (odds ratio [OR] 1.7, 95% CI 1.1-2.7) or outpatient (OR 14.7, 95% CI 8.1-26.8) women in the control group. Of the women with potentially life-threatening conditions, 26 met near-miss criteria compared with six with not potentially life-threatening conditions (OR 25.6, 95% CI 10.9-70.7). CONCLUSIONS: Potentially life-threatening gynecologic emergencies are high-risk conditions that may serve as a useful framework to improve quality and safety in emergency care.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Near Miss/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pélvica/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Técnica Delfos , Emergências , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Ginecologia/normas , Humanos , Near Miss/normas , Dor Pélvica/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas
14.
Igaku Butsuri ; 40(3): 75-87, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999254

RESUMO

This study investigates the quality indicators (QIs) of medical care that are expected to be introduced to radiotherapy departments in Japan and evaluates whether the QIs reflect the characteristics of the treatment facilities. For this purpose, a questionnaire survey was administered to radiotherapy treatment facilities in Japan. A consensus of early QI candidates was obtained from the panel members. The characteristics identified in the candidate QIs were subdivided into 140 items covering 27 domains of medical-care contents in radiotherapy departments. These 140 items were compiled into a questionnaire, which was administered to 15 treatment facilities in Japan. The primary results indicated that 36 items in five domains are useful QI contents. The secondary findings indicated that the provision of advanced radiotherapy to several patients, the waiting time, and the radiotherapy initiated depend on the manpower of the departmental staff.


Assuntos
Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Radioterapia/normas , Humanos , Japão , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(6): 1021-1047, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33128878

RESUMO

Quality improvement is a dynamic process that requires continuously monitoring quality indicators and benchmarking these with national and professional standards. Endoscopists have formed societal task forces to propose quality indicators and performance goals. Institutions are now incentivized by payers and value-based reimbursement agreements to have processes in place to measure, report, and act on these quality metrics. Nationwide registries, such as the Gastrointestinal Quality Improvement Consortium, are used to report quality data to these merit-based incentive payment systems. Quality improvement processes such as these are instrumental to improve patient safety, health, and satisfaction while decreasing costs and medical errors.


Assuntos
Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Benchmarking/normas , Competência Clínica , Endoscopia/normas , Endossonografia/normas , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas
16.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E468-E474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The implementation of quality-of-care indicators aiming to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) outcomes has been previously described by Cancer Care Ontario. The aim of this study was to assess the quality-of-care indicators in CRC at a referral centre in a developing country and to determine whether improvement occurred over time. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of our prospectively collected database of patients after CRC surgery from 2001 to 2016. We excluded patients who underwent local transanal excision, pelvic exenteration or palliative procedures. We evaluated trends over time using the Cochran-Armitage test for trend. RESULTS: A total of 343 patients underwent surgical resection of CRC over the study period. There was improvement of the following indicators over time: the proportion of patients detected by screening (p = 0.03), the proportion of patients with preoperative liver imaging (p = 0.001), the proportion of patients with stage II or III rectal cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (p = 0.03), the proportion of patients with pathology reports that indicated the number of lymph nodes examined and the number of positive nodes (p = 0.001), and the proportion of patients with pathology reports describing the details on margin status (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study showed the feasibility of applying the Cancer Care Ontario indicators for evaluating outcomes in CRC treatment at a single centre in a developing country. Although there was an improvement of some of the quality-of-care indicators over time, policies and interventions must be implemented to improve the fulfillment of all indicators.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/organização & administração , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872350

RESUMO

Emergency room processes are often exposed to the risk of unexpected factors, and process management based on performance measurements is required due to its connectivity to the quality of care. Regarding this, there have been several attempts to propose a method to analyze the emergency room processes. This paper proposes a framework for process performance indicators utilized in emergency rooms. Based on the devil's quadrangle, i.e., time, cost, quality, and flexibility, the paper suggests multiple process performance indicators that can be analyzed using clinical event logs and verify them with a thorough discussion with clinical experts in the emergency department. A case study is conducted with the real-life clinical data collected from a tertiary hospital in Korea tovalidate the proposed method. The case study demonstrated that the proposed indicators are well applied using the clinical data, and the framework is capable of understanding emergency room processes' performance.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais , República da Coreia , Fluxo de Trabalho
18.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 20(1): 210, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical analytics is a rapidly developing area of informatics and knowledge mobilisation which has huge potential to improve healthcare in the future. It is widely acknowledged to be a powerful mediator of clinical decision making, patient-centred care and organisational learning. As a result, healthcare systems require a strategic foundation for clinical analytics that is sufficiently directional to support meaningful change while flexible enough to allow for iteration and responsiveness to context as change occurs. METHODS: In New South Wales, the most populous state in Australia, the Clinical Analytics Working Group was charged with developing a five-year vision for the public health system. A modified Delphi process was undertaken to elicit expert views and to reach a consensus. The process included a combination of face-to-face workshops, traditional Delphi voting via email, and innovative, real-time iteration between text re-formulation and voting until consensus was reached. The six stage process engaged 35 experts - practising clinicians, patients and consumers, managers, policymakers, data scientists and academics. RESULTS: The process resulted in the production of 135 ideas that were subsequently synthesised into 23 agreed statements and encapsulated in a single page (456 word) narrative. CONCLUSION: The visioning process highlighted three key perspectives (clinicians, patients and managers) and the need for synchronous (during the clinical encounter) and asynchronous (outside the clinical encounter) clinical decision support and reflective practice tools; the use of new and multiple data sources and communication formats; and the role of research and education.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Pesquisa em Sistemas de Saúde Pública , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Austrália , Comunicação , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , New South Wales
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(10): 105151, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding and improving EMS stroke care requires linking data from both the prehospital and hospital settings. In the US, such data is collected in separate de-identified registries that cannot be directly linked due to lack of a common, unique patient identifier. In the absence of unique patient identifiers two common approaches to linking databases are deterministic matching, which uses combinations of non-unique matching variables to define matches, and probabilistic matching, which generates estimates of match probability based on the degree of similarity between records. This analysis seeks to compare these two approaches for matching EMS and stroke registry data. METHODS: Stroke cases transported by EMS to Michigan hospitals participating in the Michigan Coverdell Acute Stroke Registry were linked to records from Michigan's EMS Information System (MI-EMSIS) between January 2018 and June 2019. Destination hospital, date-of-service, patient age, date-of-birth, and sex were used to perform deterministic and probabilistic linkages. Match rates and representativeness of the matched samples were compared between the two matching strategies. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify characteristics associated with successful matching. RESULTS: During the 18-month study period there were 8,828 EMS transported confirmed stroke cases in the registry and 620,907 EMS transports to 38 Coverdell registry-participating hospitals. The probabilistic match linked 5985 (67.7%) strokes to EMS records; the deterministic match linked 4012 (45.5%). Within each strategy the characteristics of matched and unmatched cases were similar, with the exception that deterministically matched cases were less likely to be older than 89 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]=0.3), white (aOR=0.8), and more likely to have subarachnoid hemorrhage (aOR=1.4) than unmatched cases. CONCLUSION: Probabilistic matching resulted in higher match rates and a more representative sample of EMS transported strokes, suggesting it may be superior in assessing EMS stroke care compared to a deterministic approach.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas , Registro Médico Coordenado , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ambulâncias/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Michigan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Probabilidade , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
JAMA ; 324(10): 975-983, 2020 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897345

RESUMO

Importance: The US Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) is a major Medicare value-based payment program aimed at improving quality and reducing costs. Little is known about how physicians' performance varies by social risk of their patients. Objective: To determine the relationship between patient social risk and physicians' scores in the first year of MIPS. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional study of physicians participating in MIPS in 2017. Exposures: Physicians in the highest quintile of proportion of dually eligible patients served; physicians in the 3 middle quintiles; and physicians in the lowest quintile. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the 2017 composite MIPS score (range, 0-100; higher scores indicate better performance). Payment rates were adjusted -4% to 4% based on scores. Results: The final sample included 284 544 physicians (76.1% men, 60.1% with ≥20 years in practice, 11.9% in rural location, 26.8% hospital-based, and 24.6% in primary care). The mean composite MIPS score was 73.3. Physicians in the highest risk quintile cared for 52.0% of dually eligible patients; those in the 3 middle risk quintiles, 21.8%; and those in the lowest risk quintile, 6.6%. After adjusting for medical complexity, the mean MIPS score for physicians in the highest risk quintile (64.7) was lower relative to scores for physicians in the middle 3 (75.4) and lowest (75.9) risk quintiles (difference for highest vs middle 3, -10.7 [95% CI, -11.0 to -10.4]; highest vs lowest, -11.2 [95% CI, -11.6 to -10.8]; P < .001). This relationship was found across specialties except psychiatry. Compared with physicians in the lowest risk quintile, physicians in the highest risk quintile were more likely to work in rural areas (12.7% vs 6.4%; difference, 6.3 percentage points [95% CI, 6.0 to 6.7]; P < .001) but less likely to care for more than 1000 Medicare beneficiaries (9.4% vs 17.8%; difference, -8.3 percentage points [95% CI, -8.7 to -8.0]; P < .001) or to have more than 20 years in practice (56.7% vs 70.6%; difference, -13.9 percentage points [95% CI, -14.4 to -13.3]; P < .001). For physicians in the highest risk quintile, several characteristics were associated with higher MIPS scores, including practicing in a larger group (mean score, 82.4 for more than 50 physicians vs 46.1 for 1-5 physicians; difference, 36.2 [95% CI, 35.3 to 37.2]; P < .001) and reporting through an alternative payment model (mean score, 79.5 for alternative payment model vs 59.9 for reporting as individual; difference, 19.7 [95% CI, 18.9 to 20.4]; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cross-sectional analysis of physicians who participated in the first year of the Medicare MIPS program, physicians with the highest proportion of patients dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid had significantly lower MIPS scores compared with other physicians. Further research is needed to understand the reasons underlying the differences in physician MIPS scores by levels of patient social risk.


Assuntos
Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional , Medicare/economia , Médicos , Reembolso de Incentivo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Medicaid , Planos de Incentivos Médicos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Estados Unidos
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