Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.850
Filtrar
1.
Distúrb. comun ; 31(2): 297-307, jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008397

RESUMO

Introdução: A fase da adolescência é um marco na vida do indivíduo, pois é o momento em que muitas mudanças ocorrem. Nesta fase acontecem as transformações físicas tais como o desenvolvimento dos caracteres sexuais, modificações corpóreas e de estatura e transformações psicológicas, dentre outros. Surgem fatores e questões que repercutem no adolescente e na sua família, além da busca pela identidade e a maturidade e o final dessa fase é uma época em que várias decisões começam a ser tomadas para a vida futura. Objetivo: Compreender as vivências de mães ouvintes e de filhos surdos na adolescência, assim como as mudanças enfrentadas pela família nesta fase. Método: Para coletar os dados da pesquisa, utilizou-se um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado, que foi aplicado com 5 mães e 5 filhos adolescentes surdos que frequentam uma instituição pública de reabilitação. Resultado: Os resultados mostraram que o adolescente surdo tem comportamentos semelhantes a adolescentes ouvintes, de busca da afirmação de identidade, enfatizando, no entanto, a identidade surda. As mães referiram mudanças de interesses e comportamentos nos filhos e ressaltaram a preocupação com o futuro deles, destacando-se a profissão de intérprete de LIBRAS como possibilidade de escolha, principalmente pela habilidade comunicativa dos adolescentes. Estes, porém, apresentaram escolhas diferentes em relação ao futuro profissional. Em termos da comunicação, os adolescentes mencionaram facilidade em inserir a LIBRAS na vida cotidiana, diferindo das mães, que relataram dificuldades em razão das constantes variações da língua. Conclusão: Os adolescentes parecem ter uma boa adaptação em relação à surdez, à convivência familiar e social.


Introduction: The phase of the adolescence is a landmark in the life of a person; therefore, it is the time where many changes occur. In this phase, physical transformations happen such as the development of the sexual characters, corporal and stature modifications and psychological transformations, amongst others. Factors and questions appear that re-echo in the adolescent and in his/her family, beyond the search for identity and maturity and the end of this phase is a time where some decisions start being taken for the future life. Objective: To understand the living experience of hearing mothers and their deaf teenagers examining the changes faced during adolescence. Methods: The research had a qualitative approach and semi structured interviews were conducted with five mothers and their deaf teenager sons and daughters. They all attend a public rehabilitation service. Results: The results showed that deaf teenagers have similar behavior as the hearing ones. They search for their identity, emphasizing deaf identity. The mothers mentioned changes in their interests and the acquisition of typical teenager behaviors. They showed concern about their teenagers´ future, highlighting that they could study to be Sign Language interpreters, mainly because of their communicative ability in sign language. The teenagers, however, indicated different options related to their future professions. Conclusion: The teenagers seem to have a good adaptation related to the deafness, social and family living.


Introducción: La adolescencia es una señal en la vida del individuo, es el momento donde ocurren muchos cambios. En esta fase tales suceden las transformaciones físicas como el desarrollo de los caracteres sexuales, modificaciones corporales y de la estatura y de transformaciones psicológicas. Los factores y las preguntas aparecen ese re-eco en el adolescente y en su familia, más allá de la búsqueda para la identidad y la madurez y del final de esta fase es una época donde algunas decisiones comienzan a ser tomadas para la vida futura. Objetivo: Entender las experiencias de madres oyentes e los niños sordos en la adolescencia y tan bien como los cambios hechos frente en esta fase. Métodos: Fue utilizada entrevista semi structuralized aplicada con 5 madres y 5 niños adolescentes sordos que frecuentan una institución pública. Resultados: La persona sorda joven tiene comportamientos similares a los oyentes, de la búsqueda de la afirmación de la identidad, acentuando, la identidad sorda. Las madres se relacionan con los cambios de intereses y de comportamientos en los niños y tenían preocupación con el futuro de ellos, siendo distinguidas él profesión del intérprete de Lenguaje de Signos como posibilidad escogida, principalmente por la capacidad del comunicativa de los jóvenes. Éstos habían presentado diversas opciones en lo referente al futuro profesional. Conclusión: Los adolescentes se parecen tener una buena adaptación referente a la sordera, al convivencia familiar y social.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Escolha da Profissão , Adolescente , Surdez , Individuação , Mães , Relações Familiares , Relações Interpessoais
2.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(2): 168-188, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864214

RESUMO

Beginning with Jung's reflections on individuation as a starting point, this article examines the analytic relationship in the context of our current reality. The latter exerts pressures of all sorts that do not favour individuation. Indeed, geopolitical commentators see present-day society as marked globally by excessive self-love that seeks to dominate, at the expense of the other. Given that such forms of dominance are now also very prevalent in the workplace, this article examines how to help the increasing number of individuals with highly successful professional careers who suffer from this pressure and who then seek analysis. 'Progressive movement', an indicator of and incentive to change, is examined by studying the narrative processes emerging from dream activity - including dreaming with the hands in the sand tray - in the co-transference. The article highlights how 'progressive movement', founded on narrative Competence and on the reflective function, may generate experiences of 'realistic hope'. The latter signals the start of an individuation process in the analytic couple and, simultaneously, the transformation of both the analyst and the analysand into good enough 'citizens in the world'.


Assuntos
Individuação , Teoria Junguiana , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Dev Psychol ; 55(5): 1072-1087, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702311

RESUMO

Residential mobility-the change of residence within a country-is a pervasive phenomenon in 21st century societies, with the peak clearly being in young adulthood. Placing the self in geographical space has now become a major challenge for young adults, making region a key identity domain. Little is known, however, about the correlates of regional identity development. In line with the dynamic-transactional paradigm, we expected longitudinal associations between regional identity and the geographical dispersion of personal relationships. We specifically assumed that both individual experiences-such as moving-and personal relationship experiences-such as emotional closeness toward relationship partners-moderate these associations over time. Using longitudinal multilevel analyses, we found support for these hypotheses in a 3-wave longitudinal study over 1 year with 1,059 postsecondary graduates from Germany (73% female, mean age 24.53 years). Most notably, changes in regional identity were related to changes in geographical distance from personal relationship partners. Effects were robust and confirmed when controlling for diverse reasons for moving. We conclude that regional identity and personal relationships share a common developmental pathway. This pathway also points toward the relevance of geographical distance from personal relationships, even in young adults' mobile and connected world. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Geografia , Relações Interpessoais , Dinâmica Populacional , Autoimagem , Identificação Social , Adulto , Feminino , Amigos/psicologia , Alemanha , Humanos , Individuação , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Dev Psychol ; 55(5): 905-919, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702312

RESUMO

Infants' ability to perform visual short-term memory (VSTM) tasks develops rapidly between 6 and 8 months. Here we tested the hypothesis that infants' VSTM performance is influenced by their ability to individuate simultaneously presented objects. We used a one-shot change detection task to ask whether 6-month-old infants (N = 47) would detect a change in the color of 1 item in a 2-item array when the stimulus context facilitated individuation of the items. In Experiment 1 the 2 items in the display differed in shape and color and in Experiment 2 the onset and offset times of the 2 items differed. In both experiments, 6-month-old infants detected a change, contrasting with previous results. Thus, young infants' encoding of information about individual items in multiple-item arrays is related to their ability to individuate those items. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Individuação , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
5.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 28-31, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618133

Assuntos
Individuação , Humanos
7.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 53-72, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618136

RESUMO

This paper opens with a personal introduction to the topic of syncretism within the context of a comparison of enlightenment associated with Eastern religious traditions and individuation as experienced through Jungian analysis. A brief exploration of the recent scholarly revival of interest in syncretism follows. Some close parallels with Jungian theory are highlighted, especially in the work of Timothy Light. Applications to the syncretic trends in Tang culture along the Silk Road(s) suggest deeper patterns of interconnectedness lie at the heart of these trends. A complex systems view highlights similarities between syncretic connections and non-local aspects of synchronistic field events. The final section attempts to extend this approach to innovation in general terms through the recently articulated concept of the 'adjacent possible' from the writing of Stuart Kauffman. From this, the notion of a collective pre-conscious dimension to the psyche is extrapolated. The unifying thread of acausal emergent forms provides a potential synthetic network for these phenomena.


Assuntos
Individuação , Filosofia , Teoria Psicológica , Filosofias Religiosas , China , Humanos , Teoria Junguiana
8.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(1): 6-22, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618137

RESUMO

In his writings on individuation Jung often references Eastern religions and philosophies such as Buddhism, Taoism, and Hinduism. This essay discusses differences and similarities between analytical psychology's concept of individuation, especially in its advanced stages, and enlightenment as expressed in such texts as Zen (Chan) Buddhism's Ten Ox-Herding Pictures. I advance the argument that important common features can be found while cultural differences must also be respected. There is here a convergence between West and East that can foster dialogue and mutuality.


Assuntos
Budismo , Individuação , Teoria Psicanalítica , Religião e Psicologia , Humanos
9.
Psychol Rev ; 126(2): 196-225, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30550314

RESUMO

Comparison of infant findings from the physical-reasoning and object-individuation literatures reveals a contradictory picture. On the one hand, physical-reasoning results indicate that young infants can use featural information to guide their actions on objects and to detect interaction violations (when objects interact in ways that are not physically possible) as well as change violations (when objects spontaneously undergo featural changes that are not physically possible). On the other hand, object-individuation results indicate that young infants typically cannot use featural information to detect individuation violations (when the number of objects revealed at the end of an event is less than the number of objects introduced during the event). In this article, we attempt to reconcile these two bodies of research. In a new model of early individuation, we propose that two systems help infants individuate objects in physical events: the object-file and physical-reasoning systems. Under certain conditions, disagreements between the systems result in catastrophic individuation failures, leading infants to hold no expectation at all about how many objects are present. We report experiments with 9- to 11-month-old infants (N = 216) that tested predictions from the model. After two objects emerged in alternation from behind a screen, infants detected no violation when the screen was lowered to reveal no object. Similarly, after two objects emerged in alternation from inside a box, which was then shaken, infants detected no violation when the box remained silent, as though empty. We end with new directions, suggested by our model, for research on early object representations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Individuação , Modelos Psicológicos , Percepção Espacial/fisiologia , Pensamento/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Humanos , Lactente
10.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 38(1): 142-156, jan.-mar.2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-883060

RESUMO

O amadurecimento afetivo-emocional implica o desenvolvimento da própria individualidade. Todavia, o processo de individualização em gêmeos é mais complexo do que o vivenciado por singulares, pois necessitam separar-se não apenas da mãe, mas também do cogêmeo. O presente trabalho teve o objetivo de estudar a capacidade de adaptação e relacioná-la aos processos de separação e individualização em gêmeos. Participaram 12 pares de gêmeos adultos do mesmo sexo, que foram entrevistados a respeito das histórias de vida e avaliados por meio da Escala Diagnóstica Adaptativa Operacionalizada Revisada. A análise de dados consistiu em relacionar o diagnóstico adaptativo com o processo de individualização vivenciado pelos cogêmeos ao longo da vida. Verificou-se que a maneira com que os cogêmeos foram percebidos, identificados e atendidos em suas necessidades específicas contribuiu significativamente para que a individualização e adaptação aos diversos setores da vida pudessem ou não ocorrer de forma eficaz. Os próprios gêmeos sugerem que pais e educadores tratem os cogêmeos como pessoas diferentes e procurem perceber as características individuais de cada cogêmeo....(AU)


Affective and emotional maturation implies the evolving of individuality itself. However, the individualization process in twins is more complex than the one experienced by singles because they need to separate not only from the mother but also from the co-twin. This research aimed to study the adaptive capacity in twins and relate it to their processes of separation and individualization. 12 pairs of same sex adult twins participated, who were interviewed about their life stories and evaluated by EDAO-R (Adaptive Operational Diagnostic Scale ­ Revised). Data analysis consisted in relating the adaptive diagnosis with the individualization process experienced by co-twins. It was found that the way the co-twins were perceived, identified and assisted in their specific needs significantly has contributed to the effectiveness (or not) of their individualization and adaptation to the various sectors of life. The twins themselves suggest that parents and educators treat co-twins as different persons and seek to understand the individual characteristics of each of them....(AU)


La madurez afectiva y emocional implica el desarrollo de la individualidad. Sin embargo, el proceso de individualización en gemelos es más complejo que la experimentada por los no-gemelos, ya que necesitan separarse no solamente de la madre sino también de su co-gemelo. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo estudiar la capacidad de adaptación y relacionarlas a los procesos de separación e individuación en gemelos. Participaron 12 pares de gemelos adultos del mismo sexo que fueron entrevistados acerca de las historias de vida y evaluadas por EDAO-R (Escala Diagnostica Adaptativa Operable Revisada). El análisis de datos se basó en relacionar el diagnóstico de adaptación con el proceso de individualización experimentada por co-gemelos a lo largo de sus vidas. Fue identificado que la forma en que fueron percibidos, identificados y asistidos en sus necesidades específicas contribuyó significativamente para que la individualización y la adaptación a diferentes ámbitos de la vida pudiesen o no ocurrir de manera efectiva. Los gemelos sugieren que los padres y educadores traten co- gemelos como diferentes personas y entiendan las características individuales de cada co- gemelo....(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adaptação , Individuação , Gêmeos , Psicologia
11.
Scand J Psychol ; 59(2): 146-156, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29244211

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the associations of Slovenian emerging adults' individuation characteristics (in relation to mother and father) with career goals and career optimism. We were interested in contributions of age, gender, certainty of study choice, and individuation dimensions when predicting intrinsic/extrinsic career goals and career optimism. The participants provided self-reports on the Individuation Test for Emerging Adults, the Career Goals Scale and the Career Futures Inventory. The results showed that age did not relate to emerging adults' career goals; however, older students reported lower career optimism than their younger counterparts. Furthermore, certainty of study choice was the most important predictor of career optimism, and, along with gender, of intrinsic career goals. Emerging adults who reported higher connectedness with both parents and self-reliance in relation to mother had higher intrinsic career goals, while self-reliance in relation to mother was positively associated with stronger optimism about an individual's future career. Fear of disappointing both parents significantly contributed to the prediction of extrinsic career goals and optimism, while parental intrusiveness did not add significantly to the prediction of the two measured career outcomes. The study confirmed the correlational effects of positive and negative aspects of individuation on career outcomes in emerging adulthood.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Metas , Individuação , Otimismo , Relações Pais-Filho , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Eslovênia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(84): 685-710, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182018

RESUMO

El autor postula la existencia de una segunda fase de individuación en la adolescencia. Basándose en el concepto de individuación de Mahler, que tiene lugar en torno a los tres años de edad, y que culmina con la constatación de un self y un objeto diferenciados, comenta que, durante el resto de la infancia y la latencia, el yo mantiene una cierta dependencia de los yoes de la madre y el padre. En la adolescencia, tiene que poderse operar una superación de esta dependencia, produciéndose una separación de los objetos infantiles internos, así como de vínculos familiares cercanos. Y ello cara a poderse abrir a otros vínculos externos y a la sociedad en general. En la transición de este yo aún dependiente a un yo adulto más consolidado e independiente, se producen toda una serie de vicisitudes que se analizan e ilustran clínicamente en sus vertientes más normales y patológicas


The author postulates the existence of a second phase of individuation during adolescence. Based on Mahler's concept of individuation, which takes place at around three years of age, culminating in the establishment of a self, differentiated from the object, he notes that for the remains of childhood and throughout latency, the ego maintains a certain dependence upan the egos of the mother and father. In adolescence, this dependence must be overcome, resulting in a separation from infantile interna! objects as well as from close family ties. This facilitates an opening up to other external links, and to society in general. In the transition from this still-dependent ego to a more consolidated and independent adult ego, a wide range of vicissitudes occur, which are analysed and illustrated clinically in their normal and pathological dimensions


L'auteur postule l'existence d'une seconde phase d'individuation a l'adolescence. Partant du concept d'individuation de Mahler, qui a lieu autour de la troisieme année de vie, et qui culmine avec la constatation d'un self et un objet différenciés, il commente que pendant le reste de l' enfance et la latence, le moi maintient une certaine dépendance vis a vis des mois de la mere et du pere. L'adolescent doit pouvoir dépasser cette dépendance, en se séparant des objets infantiles internes ainsi que des liens familiaux proches. Et cela pour pouvoir s'ouvrir a d'autres liens externes, et a la société en général. Dans la transition de ce moi encare dépendant vers un moi adulte plus consolidé et indépendant, toute une série de vicissitudes ont lieu, elles sont analysées et illustrées cliniquement dans leurs versants plus normaux ainsi que pathologiques


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Individuação , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Dependência (Psicologia) , Psicologia do Self , Autonomia Pessoal , Ego , Superego , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/terapia
14.
Junguiana ; 35(2)dez. 2017.
Artigo em Português | Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: psi-71133

RESUMO

Esta pesquisa propõe-se a investigar o sentido da escolha pelo curso de Psicologia em alunos na segunda metade da vida, tendo como referencial teórico a psicologia analítica, proposta por Carl G. Jung. Observando o número significativo de alunos universitários no curso de Psicologia entre 40 e 55 anos e compreendendo que nesta etapa do desenvolvimento humano ocorrem transformações e questionamentos existenciais profundos, buscamos entender a vivência desses estudantes, os determinantes da escolha, as expectativas e o projeto de vida. Assim, nos apoiamos numa pesquisa qualitativa fenomenológica realizada com seis alunos de Psicologia matriculados em uma instituição particular na cidade de Uberlândia. Optamos pela entrevista aberta e, posteriormente, procuramos identificar as unidades de significado apresentadas. Verificamos que os fatores que influenciaram a escolha pelo curso de Psicologia correlacionam-se com o processo de individuação (AU)


This research seeks is to investigate the meaning of the election of the Psychology graduation course by middle-aged students, having Carl G. Jung's analytical psychology as theoretical frame of reference. Having observed the significant number of undergraduate Psychology students aged 40 to 50, and understanding that this stage of human development is marked by transformations and deep existential questions, we sought to understand these student's experience, the determining choice factors, their expectations and life projects. We supported our analysis on a phenomenological qualitative research conducted with six Psychology students enrolled in a private university in Uberlândia. We used an open interview and, later, identified the meaning units presented. We verified that the influential choice factors for the course were related to the individuation process (AU)


Esta investigación propone buscar el sentido de la elección del curso de Psicología por parte de alumnos en la mediana edad, teniendo como referencial teórico la psicología analítica de Carl G. Jung. Observado el significativo número de alumnos universitarios cursando Psicología entre los 40 y 55 años, y comprendiendo que en esta etapa del desarrollo humano ocurren transformaciones y cuestionamientos existenciales profundos, se ha buscado comprender la vivencia de estos estudiantes, los determinantes de la elección, expectativas y proyectos de vida. Nos apoyamos en una investigación cualitativa fenomenológica realizada con seis alumnos de Psicología matriculados en una institución privada en Uberlândia. Optamos por la entrevista abierta. Luego, buscamos identificar unidades de significado presentadas. Se verificó que los factores que influenciaron la elección del curso de Psicología se relacionan con el proceso de individuación (AU)


Assuntos
Pesquisa Qualitativa , Universidades , Educação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Individuação
16.
Psychoanal Rev ; 104(3): 313-350, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28613132

RESUMO

In this paper, I use comparisons of Freud, Loewald, and Plato to explore what it means to individuate and to desire in a world of frustration, pain, and loss. The metaphors of the "wheel" versus the "ladder" present basic images for Freud's tragic conception of a person's emerging into a world of pain, transience and loss, in contrast to Loewald's sense of individuation as an increasing attainment of individual ego and world enrichment, constructed from metabolized grieved objects. I then argue that Plato's Symposium offers comparable visions of the possibilities of love, and that the juxtaposition of Freud and Loewald can be connected to ancient philosophical considerations. The paper begins by examining the implications of the two thinkers' treatments of the "oceanic state" (primary narcissism), then compares these to the speeches of Aristophanes and Socrates/Diotima. The conclusion touches on the relevance of the juxtaposition to the Platonic distinction between philosophy and poetry.


Assuntos
Individuação , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Teoria Psicanalítica , Teoria Freudiana , Humanos
17.
Junguiana ; 35(1)jun. 2017.
Artigo em Português | Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: psi-70656

RESUMO

O artigo trata do fim da análise, o que não implica cura, alta ou individuação, pois esta última pode ter continuidade mesmo após o encerramento das sessões. São discutidos os términos abruptos e que podem mobilizar sentimentos de impotência, fracasso e aspectos da sombra do terapeuta - algumas situações são ilustradas com casos clínicos. O arquétipo da criança e as análises intermináveis também são abordadas, assim como a operação alquímica separatio em relação ao fim da análise. As imagens do médico e do enfermeiro são utilizadas como analogia para o papel do terapeuta: além de curador, cuidador. Por fim, são apresentadas reflexões sobre o mistério que envolve os processos de vida e morte, e dor e sofrimento que afetam os analistas e constituem desafios em seu processo de individuação, na aprendizagem da humildade de conviver com o não saber (AU)


This article analyses the end of the analytical process, which does not mean healing neither release nor individuation. The latter may go on even after sessions stop. Sudden analytical process endings which may result in a sense of helplessness and failure are also examined here, as well as the interference of the therapist's shadow components. Some clinical cases illustrate such situations. The child archetype and the endless analysis are also dealt with in this article as well as the alchemical separatio operation. The images of the doctor and of the nurse are used as an analogy of the role of the therapist, both as a healer and as a caretaker. Last, the article considers the mystery that involves the process of life and death and pain and sorrow that affects analysts - whose own the individuation process is challenged and who needs to learn about humbleness in order to cope with the unknown (AU)


El artículo trata del final del analísis, lo que no implica la cura, el alta o la individuación, porque ésta última puede continuar incluso después del cierre de las sesiones. Se discuten los finales repentinos que pueden movilizar sentimientos de impotencia, fracaso y aspectos de la sombra del terapeuta y se ilustran algunas situaciones en casos clínicos. Se abordan también el arquetipo del niño, los análisis interminables y la operación alquimica separatio relacionada con el fin del análisis. Además, se utilizan imagenes del médico y de la enfermera como analogías del papel del terapeuta: además de curador, cuidador. Finalmente, se presentan reflexiones acerca del misterio que comprende los procesos de vida y muerte, dolor y sufrimiento que afectan a los analistas y constituyen desafios en su proceso de individuación, en el aprendizaje de la humildad de convivir con el no saber (AU)


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Esgotamento Profissional , Individuação
18.
Junguiana ; 35(1): 41-48, jun. 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-869022

RESUMO

O artigo trata do fim da análise, o que não implica cura, alta ou individuação, pois esta última pode ter continuidade mesmo após o encerramento das sessões. São discutidos os términos abruptos e que podem mobilizar sentimentos de impotência, fracasso e aspectos da sombra do terapeuta - algumas situações são ilustradas com casos clínicos. O arquétipo da criança e as análises intermináveis também são abordadas, assim como a operação alquímica separatio em relação ao fim da análise. As imagens do médico e do enfermeiro são utilizadas como analogia para o papel do terapeuta: além de curador, cuidador. Por fim, são apresentadas reflexões sobre o mistério que envolve os processos de vida e morte, e dor e sofrimento que afetam os analistas e constituem desafios em seu processo de individuação, na aprendizagem da humildade de conviver com o não saber.


This article analyses the end of the analytical process, which does not mean healing neither release nor individuation. The latter may go on even after sessions stop. Sudden analytical process endings which may result in a sense of helplessness and failure are also examined here, as well as the interference of the therapist's shadow components. Some clinical cases illustrate such situations. The child archetype and the endless analysis are also dealt with in this article as well as the alchemical separatio operation. The images of the doctor and of the nurse are used as an analogy of the role of the therapist, both as a healer and as a caretaker. Last, the article considers the mystery that involves the process of life and death and pain and sorrow that affects analysts - whose own the individuation process is challenged and who needs to learn about humbleness in order to cope with the unknown.


El artículo trata del final del analísis, lo que no implica la cura, el alta o la individuación, porque ésta última puede continuar incluso después del cierre de las sesiones. Se discuten los finales repentinos que pueden movilizar sentimientos de impotencia, fracaso y aspectos de la sombra del terapeuta y se ilustran algunas situaciones en casos clínicos. Se abordan también el arquetipo del niño, los análisis interminables y la operación alquimica separatio relacionada con el fin del análisis. Además, se utilizan imagenes del médico y de la enfermera como analogías del papel del terapeuta: además de curador, cuidador. Finalmente, se presentan reflexiones acerca del misterio que comprende los procesos de vida y muerte, dolor y sufrimiento que afectan a los analistas y constituyen desafios en su proceso de individuación, en el aprendizaje de la humildad de convivir con el no saber.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Individuação , Psicanálise
19.
Dev Psychol ; 53(5): 845-859, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28459274

RESUMO

Two studies with preschool-age children examined the effectiveness of perceptual individuation training at reducing racial bias (Study 1, N = 32; Study 2, N = 56). We found that training preschool-age children to individuate other-race faces resulted in a reduction in implicit racial bias while mere exposure to other-race faces produced no such effect. We also showed that neither individuation training nor mere exposure reduced explicit racial bias. Theoretically, our findings provide strong evidence for a causal link between individual-level face processing and implicit racial bias, and are consistent with the newly proposed perceptual-social linkage hypothesis. Practically, our findings suggest that offering children experiences that allow them to increase their expertise in processing individual other-race faces will help reduce their implicit racial bias. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia , Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia , Individuação , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Racismo/psicologia , Percepção Social , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
20.
J Anal Psychol ; 62(3): 356-371, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28504330

RESUMO

Through commentary on four clinical vignettes, this article focuses on the anthropological transformations taking place in contemporary society, underlining their differences from the anthropologies of reference of the founding fathers of psychoanalysis. Hybridization between man and machine and the speeding up and alteration of communications which the new technologies promote are now crucial issues facing psychoanalysis. Social media and a 24/7 internet connection have produced deep changes in the way people live and perceive relationships. Analytical practice is not exempt from such issues, which can be particularly insidious, often subtle and difficult to recognize, or even underestimated or ignored by psychoanalysts outright, in order to preserve the illusion of a complete understanding of what unfolds in the analytical space. The authors suggest that such transformations, by (partially) rendering inadequate the theoretical and technical corpus on which the various depth psychologies are founded, require personal engagement on the part of psychoanalysts in the search for new strategies to treat their patients, with the consequent abandonment of the 'certainties' offered by sclerotic models of clinical procedure.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Individuação , Internet , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Humanos , Mídias Sociais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA