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1.
J Environ Manage ; 259: 109669, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32072944

RESUMO

Renewable energy has been prioritised in decarbonising Indonesia's electricity system. Indonesia aims to attain an efficient energy system by applying renewable energy tariffs that are lower than the cost of fossil fuel-generated electricity. However, the effectiveness of this policy is questionable, as renewable energy investments under previous premium feed-in tariffs did not meet expectations. This study aims to estimate generation costs from renewable energy expansions under three scenarios, namely existing power plant planning, and 11% and 14% emission reductions in Indonesia's electricity sector. We develop an agent-based model (ABM) tool called PowerGen-ABM that employs multi-approaches: linear programming and input-output analysis. The optimisation result shows that the emission reduction targets would increase the average electricity generation costs in 2028 from 65.3 USD/ MWh in the existing plan of power plant expansions to 68.3 USD/ MWh. The increased costs are caused by insufficient dispatchable renewables in several regions such as North Maluku. Renewable energy production share in total electricity production and emission reduction achievement of the existing plan in 2025 will be 22.8% and 6.5% below the targets of 23% and 11%, respectively. In contrast, the emission reduction scenarios could achieve those targets due to higher renewables productions, especially with wind energy from 5,268 GWh in the existing plan into anywhere between 64,472 to 75,085 GWh. Several policy implications are discussed based on these findings.


Assuntos
Centrais Elétricas , Energia Renovável , Eletricidade , Meio Ambiente , Indonésia , Vento
2.
Science ; 367(6474): 147-148, 2020 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919210
3.
Oral Dis ; 26(1): 72-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to report the integrated observations of high-risk HPV-related oral squamous carcinoma (OSCC) at our national referral center for cancer, the Dharmais National Cancer Hospital (DNCH), Jakarta, from 2003 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens obtained from OSCC cases were collected from 2003 to 2013 DNCH archives and were included in this high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) study. Seventy-nine DNA samples from the normal oral mucosa of healthy individuals were obtained from the Oral Biology Laboratory DNA archives from 2001 to 2005. Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase was used as a control to ensure the DNA integrity for the subsequent HPV DNA PCR detection. High-risk HPV16/18 DNA amplification was conducted by nested PCR using two pairs of primers that were designed specifically to identify the region of gene L1 HPV16 and the HPV16/18 region. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of HPV16/18 was detected in OSCC cases (17.9%). HPV18 occurred more often than HPV16 (86%) among OSCC patients who were HPV positive. This result supports high HPV18 prevalence among Indonesian cervical cancer patients studied in 1995 and 2006. The prevalence of high-risk HPV remains low in the normal Indonesian population (3.8%), but HPV16 is consistently more frequently detected in non-cancer populations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Neoplasias Bucais/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Prevalência
4.
Lancet ; 395(10217): 65-74, 2020 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852602

RESUMO

The double burden of malnutrition (DBM), defined as the simultaneous manifestation of both undernutrition and overweight and obesity, affects most low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). This Series paper describes the dynamics of the DBM in LMICs and how it differs by socioeconomic level. This Series paper shows that the DBM has increased in the poorest LMICs, mainly due to overweight and obesity increases. Indonesia is the largest country with a severe DBM, but many other Asian and sub-Saharan African countries also face this problem. We also discuss that overweight increases are mainly due to very rapid changes in the food system, particularly the availability of cheap ultra-processed food and beverages in LMICs, and major reductions in physical activity at work, transportation, home, and even leisure due to introductions of activity-saving technologies. Understanding that the lowest income LMICs face severe levels of the DBM and that the major direct cause is rapid increases in overweight allows identifying selected crucial drivers and possible options for addressing the DBM at all levels.


Assuntos
Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/etiologia , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Obesidade/etiologia , Sobrepeso/etiologia , Pobreza , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Lancet ; 395(10217): 75-88, 2020 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852605

RESUMO

Malnutrition has historically been researched and addressed within two distinct silos, focusing either on undernutrition, food insecurity, and micronutrient deficiencies, or on overweight, obesity, and dietary excess. However, through rapid global nutrition transition, an increasing proportion of individuals are exposed to different forms of malnutrition during the life course and have the double burden of malnutrition (DBM) directly. Long-lasting effects of malnutrition in early life can be attributed to interconnected biological pathways, involving imbalance of the gut microbiome, inflammation, metabolic dysregulation, and impaired insulin signalling. Life-course exposure to early undernutrition followed by later overweight increases the risk of non-communicable disease, by imposing a high metabolic load on a depleted capacity for homoeostasis, and in women increases the risk of childbirth complications. These life-course trajectories are shaped both by societal driving factors-ie, rapidly changing diets, norms of eating, and physical activity patterns-and by broader ecological factors such as pathogen burden and extrinsic mortality risk. Mitigation of the DBM will require major societal shifts regarding nutrition and public health, to implement comprehensive change that is sustained over decades, and scaled up into the entire global food system.


Assuntos
Desnutrição/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Sobrepeso/metabolismo , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Idade de Início , Exercício , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Desnutrição/microbiologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Estado Nutricional , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/microbiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/microbiologia , Prevalência
6.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105208, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589829

RESUMO

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) was first reported in the province of Bali, Indonesia in 1975. Since this time, sporadic cases have been reported annually. This study reports information on 29 NCC cases (20 males and 9 females) admitted to a referral hospital in Denpasar, Bali from 2014 until 2018. Twenty-four cases were from Bali, 2 were from the province of East Nusa Tenggara, and 3 were from the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. Mean patient age was 37.2 years and 69.0% (20/29) were male. Epileptic seizures were the most common clinical manifestation (65.5%, 19/29). Serology (ELISA) was used in 14 cases (48.2%, 14/29), but only 6 cases, including one case with an inactive calcified lesion, were positive (42.9%, 6/14). Two cases underwent surgical resection after their lesions were initially misdiagnosed as brain tumors. These hospital-based findings are discussed along with the present status of NCC in Bali.


Assuntos
Neurocisticercose/diagnóstico , Neurocisticercose/epidemiologia , Neurocisticercose/terapia , Taenia solium/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 922, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In southern Papua, Indonesia, malaria is highly prevalent in young children and is a significant cause of morbidity and early mortality. The association between malaria and delayed mortality is unknown. METHODS: Routinely-collected hospital surveillance data from southern Papua, Indonesia, were used to assess the risk of recurrent malaria and mortality within 12 months of an initial presentation with malaria in all children younger than 5 years old attending the local hospital. Analysis was primarily by Kaplan Meier and Cox regression methods. RESULTS: In total 15,716 children presenting with malaria between April 2004 and December 2013 were included in the analysis; 6184 (39.3%) with Plasmodium falciparum, 7499 (47.7%) with P. vivax, 203 (1.3%) with P. malariae, 3 with P. ovale and 1827 (11.6%) with mixed infections. Within 1 year, 48.4% (7620/15,716) of children represented a total of 16,957 times with malaria (range 1 to 11 episodes), with the incidence of malaria being greater in patients initially presenting with P. vivax infection (1334 [95%CI 1307-1361] per 1000 patient years) compared to those with P. falciparum infection (920 [896-944]). In total 266 (1.7%) children died within 1 year of their initial presentation, 129 (48.5%) within 30 days and 137 (51.5%) between 31 and 365 days. There was no significant difference in the mortality risk in patients infected with P. vivax versus P. falciparum either before 30 days (Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.02 [0.69,1.49]) or between 31 and 365 days (HR = 1.30 [0.90,1.88]). Children who died had a greater incidence of malaria, 2280 [95%CI 1946-2671] per 1000 patient years preceding their death, compared to 1141 [95%CI 1124-1158] per 1000 patient years in those surviving. CONCLUSIONS: Children under-5 years old with P. vivax malaria, are at significant risk of multiple representations with malaria and of dying within 1 year of their initial presentation. Preventing recurrent malaria must be a public health priority in this vulnerable population.


Assuntos
Malária/mortalidade , Pré-Escolar , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/mortalidade , Feminino , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Lactente , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Malária Falciparum/mortalidade , Malária Vivax/epidemiologia , Malária Vivax/mortalidade , Masculino , Morbidade , Prevalência
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 773, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of people living with diabetes mellitus (DM) in Indonesia has continued to increase over the last 6 years. Four previous studies in U.S have found that higher DD scores were associated with worse psychological outcomes, lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased risk of T2DM complications. In this study, we aimed to firstly compare DD scores in Indonesian T2DM outpatients treated in primary care versus those in tertiary care. Subsequently, we investigated whether socio-demographic characteristics and clinical conditions explain potential differences in DD score across healthcare settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on Java island in three primary care (n = 108) and four tertiary care (n = 524) facilities. The participants completed the Bahasa Indonesia version of the Diabetes Distress Scale questionnaire (DDS17 Bahasa Indonesia). Ordinal regression analysis was conducted with the quartile of the summation of the DD score as the dependent variable to investigate how the association between the level of healthcare facilities and DD altered when adding different variables in the model. RESULTS: The final adjusted model showed that the level of healthcare facilities was strongly associated with DD (p < .001), with participants in primary care having a 3.68 times (95% CI 2.46-5.55) higher likelihood of being more distressed than the participants in tertiary care. This association was detected after including the socio-demographic characteristics and clinical conditions as model confounders. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study in Indonesia to compare DD scores within different healthcare facilities. We recommend a regular DD assessment, possibly closely aligned with health-literacy partner programs, especially for T2DM patients in primary care settings.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Atenção Terciária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(12): 726, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701315

RESUMO

Social forestry policies grant local communities the right to access protected forest areas contingent upon certain governmental criteria. However, the adoption of social forestry is known to alter land-cover patterns and promote soil erosion. This study assessed the water quality of Sekampung Hulu and Sangharus Rivers in Lampung, Indonesia, based on their total suspended solid (TSS) concentrations. Subsequently, the extent of soil erosion in the two watersheds was determined, and best management practices (BMPs) were recommended for the study area. Water sampling was conducted in 2016 to estimate TSS levels in the two watersheds. Additionally, the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) was integrated with an ArcGIS model to evaluate soil erosion in the watersheds. The results indicated that TSS concentrations in the Sekampung Hulu and Sangharus Rivers ranged from 36-813 mg L-1 and 16-146 mg L-1, respectively. Further, the average soil erosion rates in the Sekampung Hulu and Sangharus watersheds were 12.5 Mg ha-1 year-1 and 5.6 Mg ha-1 year-1, respectively. The results indicated that young coffee trees increased soil erosion rates, especially in areas characterized by vulnerable soil. The USLE results concurred with the TSS analysis and indicated higher erosion rates for the Sekampung Hulu watershed than the Sangharus watershed. The application of BMPs, including conversion to agroforestry coffee, cover crops, and contour systems, was effective in reducing soil erosion in both the Sekampung Hulu and Sangharus watersheds.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Florestas , Fenômenos Geológicos , Solo , Produtos Agrícolas , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Agricultura Florestal , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Indonésia , Rios , Árvores
11.
Zootaxa ; 4612(3): zootaxa.4612.3.8, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717057

RESUMO

Two new species the spider family Anapidae are described from Southeast Asia: Conculus sagadaensis n. sp. from Philippines and Conculus yaoi n. sp. from Indonesia, both described after male specimens. Conculus is reported from Southeast Asia for the first time. Diagnoses and illustrations are provided for two new species. The types are deposited in the Natural History Museum of Sichuan University (NHMSU) in Chengdu, China.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Animais , Ásia Sudeste , China , Indonésia , Masculino , Filipinas
12.
Zootaxa ; 4608(1): zootaxa.4608.1.9, 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717166

RESUMO

We describe a new species of rock gecko of the genus Cnemaspis from Java, Indonesia, representing the first record of the genus for this Island. The new species was collected from the southern slopes of Gunung Muria, a dormant volcano in Central Java. The new species is easily distinguished from all congeners by having a maximum SVL of 58.1 mm in males and 56.9 mm in females; a pair of sharp conical tubercle clusters on the occiput; a warty bridge on the nuchal loop, extending from the upper tympanum and curving to the nape; dorsal tubercles not linearly arranged; 18-20 paravertebral tubercles; postmentals separated by one scale; gular, pectoral and abdominal scales, ventral scales of fore- and hindlimbs, and subcaudal scales keeled; no tubercles on lower flank; precloacal and femoral pores absent; enlarged submetacarpal scales present on the first digit of the manus; 38-40 ventral scales; 31-35 lamellae under fourth toe; two postcloacal tubercles on each side; enlarged median subcaudal scales row present; caudal tubercles encircling tail; and a sexually dimorphic ventral color pattern, with males having a yellow belly and females white and the ventral surface of the tail in males yellow proximally changing to white at mid-length, whereas in females, alternating black and white rings completely encircle the tail, which is black distally.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Ecossistema , Feminino , Indonésia , Ilhas , Masculino
13.
Zootaxa ; 4604(2): zootaxa.4604.2.6, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717193

RESUMO

A small number of treefrog species (Litoria) from Melanesia are unusual amongst Anura in having distinctive fleshy rostral spikes. Here, we first present an extended description for Litoria pronimia Menzies, a small species that is widespread along the southern edge of the Central Cordillera of New Guinea, and in which males have a long and erectile rostral spike. Second, we describe Litoria pinocchio sp. nov. a new, morphologically similar, yet geographically disjunct species from the Foja Mountains in northern Papua Province, Indonesia. The new species differs from Litoria pronimia in aspects of body shape, proportions and colouration. A review of variation in the size, structure and degree of sexual dimorphism of the rostral spike across different species of Litoria suggests varying function including mate selection and camouflage.


Assuntos
Anuros , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Indonésia , Masculino , Melanesia , Nova Guiné
14.
Zootaxa ; 4603(3): zootaxa.4603.3.12, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717222

RESUMO

A new species, Grapholita diehli n. sp., is described and illustrated from northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Among numerous new species of Tortricidae from Indonesia is one represented by a single specimen collected in Sumatra in 1992. Extensive sampling by many collectors over the past two centuries has resulted in no additional specimens of this unusual moth. The new species is the first described tortricid with a large light area apically in the hindwing; numerous other species have the hindwing highlighted overall, only basally, or not at all. The more typical condition is uniformly colored hindwings.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Animais , Indonésia
15.
Zootaxa ; 4603(1): zootaxa.4603.1.11, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717247

RESUMO

A new species of calcareous sponge, Ernstia pyrum sp. nov. (Calcarea, Calcinea, Clathrinida, Clathrinidae) is described from marine reef aquarium. It is assumed that its type locality is Indonesia. Molecular data render this species as a member of the genus Ernstia, although its morphology deviates in significant points from the original definition of the genus. In particular Ernstia pyrum sp. nov. has a clear atrial cavity not lined with choanocytes (true atrium), a feature not reported before for this genus.


Assuntos
Poríferos , Animais , Indonésia , Filogenia
16.
Zootaxa ; 4602(1): zootaxa.4602.1.1, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717248

RESUMO

A review of female mutillids in southern Thailand is presented, based on literature, loaned material, and two field expeditions. Thirty-three species in 23 genera have been previously recorded from Thailand (Lelej 2005; Lelej et al. 2016, 2017; Okayasu et al. 2018). In March and April 2017, 337 female specimens were collected in the provinces of Krabi, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, Songkhla, and Trang. In May 2018, 255 female specimens were collected in the provinces of Kanchanaburi, Phetchaburi, and Surat Thani. These collected specimens were sorted into 38 morphospecies: 13 already known from Thailand, nine previously described species newly recorded from Thailand, and 16 new to science and described here. Based on loaned material, three more described species were newly recorded from southern Thailand and one more undescribed species was found. Keys to females of the 31 mutillid genera found in southeast Asia and 42 mutillid species studied from southern Thailand are provided. Illustrations and diagnoses are provided for each species studied in southern Thailand, including the following 17 new species: Bischoffitilla tokay Williams, Bischoffitilla cambrai Williams, Mickelomyrme puttasoki Williams, Mickelomyrme kinguri Williams, Nordeniella maleeae Williams, Smicromyrme helarctos Williams, Smicromyrme borkenti Williams, Smicromyrme thaochani Williams, Krombeinidia agricola Williams, Krombeinidia chang Williams, Krombeinidia baanmaka Williams, Orientidia manleyi Williams, Orientidia thoawanae Williams, Petersenidia modkhong Williams, Petersenidia leleji Williams, Trogaspidia pittsi Williams, and Trogaspidia wilsoni Williams. Three new synonyms and one new combination are recognized: Bischoffitilla lamellata (Mickel, 1933) = Squamulotilla arundinacea Pagden, 1934, syn. nov., Mickelomyrme pusillaeformis (Hammer, 1962), comb. nov. = Mickelomyrme yunnanensis Lelej, 1996, syn. nov., Trogaspidia pagdeni (Mickel, 1933) = Timulla (Trogaspidia) pagdeni nodoa Mickel, 1933, syn. nov. Finally, two other taxa are raised to full species from subspecies status, Eotrogaspidia oryzae (Pagden, 1934), status resurr., and Trogaspidia lingnani (Mickel, 1933), status nov. New combination is also proposed for Krombeinidia meeungensis (Cockerell, 1928), comb. nov. Twenty-three new country records are presented: 12 from Thailand, four from Vietnam, four from Laos, two from Cambodia, and one from Indonesia.


Assuntos
Formigas , Himenópteros , Animais , Camboja , Feminino , Indonésia , Laos , Tailândia , Vietnã
17.
Zootaxa ; 4691(5): zootaxa.4691.5.2, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719376

RESUMO

A new genus and species of catshark is described based on a single specimen collected off Ambon in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia. Akheilos suwartanai belongs to the subfamily Schroederichthyinae which differs from the other catsharks in a combination of: similar sized dorsal fins, supraorbital crests present, pseudosiphon present on claspers, broad subocular ridges under eyes, posterior nasal flaps present, tips of rostral cartilage fused into a rostral node. It represents the first record of this subfamily outside of the Americas. Akheilos differs from the other genus in the subfamily, Schroederichthys in a combination of: clasper groove not fused dorsally, ventral lobe of caudal fin produced, more intestinal valve turns, anal fin slightly larger than second dorsal fin, and in colour pattern.


Assuntos
Elasmobrânquios , Animais , Cor , Indonésia , Ilhas
18.
J Emerg Manag ; 17(5): 385-401, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736045

RESUMO

Situated in Yogyakarta's northern region, Merapi is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. Surrounded by densely populated farming communities, Merapi has had 68 eruptions since 1548. Merapi's 2010 eruption was marked by bursts of ash clouds, subsidence of its top-most layer, inundation of rivers and soils by lava currents, and the alteration of its surrounding natural landscapes. Local communities depend on the natural resources on Merapi's slope for farming, livelihood, and subsistence. The eruption had sizable impacts on community lives in terms of living conditions, livelihood, and social and political structures. The dynamics of community life in response to Merapi's volcanic activities are highlighted. Using a particular focus on farming communities as the case study, the article discusses community user groups' adaptive management capacity to dynamic natural landscape frequently marked by volcanic eruptions. The discussions support local government in fostering community resilience and social cohesion in response to Merapi's activities. Empirical findings suggest that social institutions and local rules come into play and the people practice collective disaster management on behalf of the community. These social institutions take the form of neighborly ties, reciprocity, collective identity, and social and ecological responsibilities. Merapi's pasture is not free access, but dynamically governed by local and informal rules to maintain its benefits for the safety of the community.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Participação da Comunidade , Comportamento Cooperativo , Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Desastres , Erupções Vulcânicas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Indonésia , Resiliência Psicológica
19.
Zootaxa ; 4576(3): zootaxa.4576.3.4, 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715749

RESUMO

Only a single known specimen of Cnemaspis timoriensis (Duméril Bibron, 1836) exists, the holotype in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris, France. Purportedly collected by Charles Gaudichaud-Beaupré in the year 1818 on Timor Island in the Lesser Sunda Archipelago during the circumnavigation of the globe by the vessel L'Uranie, intensive research on Timor has failed to produce additional specimens or any similarly appointed gecko. Using a series of detailed morphological comparisons, we provide irrefutable evidence that the animal in question is not a member of Cnemaspis but of the neotropical genus Gonatodes. Furthermore, we ascertained that C. timoriensis is conspecific with G. humeralis, a widely distributed South American species. We also show that a specimen labeled with the timoriensis name in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany is not conspecific and not part of a type series. While the taxon name timoriensis has nomenclatural priority over the two-decades-younger name humeralis, usage would dictate that to preserve the nomenclatural stability of neotropical geckos the junior synonym should be retained. An application to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature to this effect is in preparation.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Animais , Austrália , Berlim , França , Alemanha , Indonésia , Ilhas , Paris
20.
Zootaxa ; 4576(1): zootaxa.4576.1.8, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715779

RESUMO

The Bradysia luctifica group is characterized for a number of species with an Oriental-Australasian distribution. The group includes the following species: Bradysia abrupta sp. n. (Malaysia: Pahang, Selangor), B. calicula sp. n. (Malaysia: Sabah), B. conflexa sp. n. (Malaysia: Pahang), B. fornicata sp. n. (Malaysia: Pahang), B. luctifica (Skuse, 1888) (Australia: South Australia, Indonesia: Ceram, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea), B. robusta Mohrig, 2015 (Papua New Guinea) and B. torosa sp. n. (Papua New Guinea: Bismarck Archipelago). The species are keyed and the new species are described and illustrated.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Austrália , Indonésia , Malásia , Nova Caledônia , Papua Nova Guiné , Austrália do Sul
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