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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25500, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847663

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a very serious type of heart attack and a profoundly life-threatening medical emergency, and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred strategy. However, in patients undergoing primary PCI, 30% to 40% may suffer the no-reflow phenomenon (NRP), and it could expand the myocardial infarction area and accompanied with high rehospitalization rate and fatality rate. In this study, we try to conduct a double blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to observe whether the prophylactically intracoronary administration of Nicorandil could reduce the occurrence of NRP in STEMI patients undergoing PCI. METHODS: Simple randomization in a 1:1 ratio will be made in blocks of variable size according to a random numbers generated by Excel 2010 to divide the patients to treatment group (Nicorandil) and control group (Saline). The outcomes are the occurrence of NRP, levels of interleukin-6 and HS-CRP, cTnT, and CK-MB before, and every 4 hours following PCI, and major adverse cardiovascular events at day 30. SPSS 23.0 (IBM, Chicago, IL) will be used, and P-value < .05 will be considered statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: The findings will determine the efficacy of prophylactically intracoronary administration of Nicorandil to reduce the occurrence of NRP during PCI in acute STEMI patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: OSF Registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/QPF3V.


Assuntos
Nicorandil/administração & dosagem , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809145

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a cardioprotective neuropeptide expressing its receptors in the cardiovascular system. The aim of our study was to examine tissue PACAP-38 in a translational porcine MI model and plasma PACAP-38 levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Significantly lower PACAP-38 levels were detected in the non-ischemic region of the left ventricle (LV) in MI heart compared to the ischemic region of MI-LV and also to the Sham-operated LV in porcine MI model. In STEMI patients, plasma PACAP-38 level was significantly higher before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to controls, and decreased after PCI. Significant negative correlation was found between plasma PACAP-38 and troponin levels. Furthermore, a significant effect was revealed between plasma PACAP-38, hypertension and HbA1c levels. This was the first study showing significant changes in cardiac tissue PACAP levels in a porcine MI model and plasma PACAP levels in STEMI patients. These results suggest that PACAP, due to its cardioprotective effects, may play a regulatory role in MI and could be a potential biomarker or drug target in MI.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Polipeptídeo Hipofisário Ativador de Adenilato Ciclase/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Idoso , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/genética , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Polipeptídeo Hipofisário Ativador de Adenilato Ciclase/genética , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina/sangue
4.
Orv Hetil ; 162(13): 497-503, 2021 03 28.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774600

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: Heveny myocardialis infarctusban a szívizommentés sikere, a beteg életkilátása nagymértékben függ a panasz kezdete és az elzáródott koszorúér rekanalizálása között eltelt ischaemiás idotol. Jelenleg az ér nyitása optimális esetben minden betegnél koszorúér-intervencióval történik. Célkituzés: Annak vizsgálata, hogy öt év alatt mennyit változtak az ischaemiás ido összetevoi, és miben változott az elzáródott ér nyitásának módszere ST-elevációs myocardialis infarctus (STEMI) miatt végzett primer coronariaintervencióban. Módszer: 2014. 01. 01. és 2018. 12. 31. között 1663, STEMI miatt koszorúér-intervencióval kezelt betegnél (1173 férfi és 490 no) vizsgáltuk évenkénti bontásban a panasztól a koszorúér nyitásáig eltelt ido összetevoit és a 30 napos halálozást. Eredmények: Öt év alatt a panasztól az elso egészségügyi kontaktusig medián 2:53 vs. 2:10 óra (p = 0,0132), ettol az intervenciós centrumba történt felvételig medián 1:17 vs. 1:03 óra (p = 0,009), a felvételtol a ballon nyitásáig medián 0:31 vs. 0:29 óra (p = ns) telt el. A panasztól a ballon nyitásáig eltelt ido (medián 5:29 vs. 4:07 óra, p = 0,0001) rövidült, döntoen 2014 és 2015 között. A gyógyszerkibocsátó stent beültetése 15%-ról 96%-ra nott. A vizsgált években a légzés/keringés támogatás aránya 8,2-10,6-13,9-7,6-8,4, a 30 napos halálozásé 4,1-6,8-11,1-7,4-5,7% volt; a két érték korrelációt mutat (p = 0,827). Következtetés: Öt év alatt a panasztól az elso egészségügyi kontaktusig és a kórházi beszállításig eltelt ido rövidült, de az Európai Kardiológiai Társaság ajánlásához képest hosszú; a kórházi felvételtol a ballon nyitásáig eltelt ido megfelelo. A négy órán belüli reperfúzió a betegek közel felében valósult meg. Az intervenciós centrumba való gyorsabb bekerülés javíthatna az eredményen. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(13): 497-503. INTRODUCTION: In acute myocardial infarction, the heart muscle salvage, the patient's life expectancy is highly dependent on the elapsed ischaemic time from the onset of complaint to target vessel recanalisation. Nowadays, target vessel recanalisation is performed with coronary intervention in all patients in optimal case. OBJECTIVE: To examine how the components of ischemic time and the opening procedure of the occluded coronary have changed over five years in primary intervention done in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHOD: Authors studied data of 1663 (1173 male and 480 female) STEMI patients in annual breakdowns treated with coronary intervention between 01. 01. 2014 and 31. 12. 2018, time from complaint to coronary artery opening, details of intervention and 30 days mortality rate. RESULTS: During the five years, time intervals were as follows: from onset of complaint to first medical contact: median 2:53 vs. 2:10 hours (p = 0.0132), from this to admission in the interventional centre: median 1:17 vs. 1:03 hours (p = 0.009), from hospital admission to balloon opening: median 0:31 vs. 0:29 hours (p = ns). In total, the complaint to balloon opening time (median 5:29 vs. 4:07 hours, p = 0.0001) diminished, decisively from 2014 to 2015. Ratio of drug-eluting stent implantation increased from 15% to 96%. In the investigated years, the need of respiratory and/or circulatory device support ratio was 8.2-10.6-13.9-7.6-8.4, 30-day mortality rate between 4.1-6.8-11.1-7.4-5.7%; these two values showed a correlation (p = 0.827). CONCLUSION: The time from complaint to first medical contact and transfer to hospital against the significant decrease is still longer than the recommendation of the European Society of Cardiology. The time from hospital admission to balloon opening is adequate. Reperfusion within four hours was achieved in half of the patients in total. Faster hospitalization may improve results. Orv Hetil. 2021; 162(13): 497-503.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int Heart J ; 62(2): 256-263, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678797

RESUMO

Radial access is recommended for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), because it has fewer bleeding complications than trans-femoral PCI. However, even if trans-radial PCI is chosen, patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) presenting with anemia on admission might have poor clinical outcomes. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether anemia on admission was associated with mid-term clinical outcomes in patients who underwent trans-radial primary PCI. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, recurrent acute myocardial infarction, and readmission for heart failure. A total of 288 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent trans-radial primary PCI were divided into an anemia group (n = 79) and a non-anemia group (n = 209). The median follow-up duration was 301 days. The anemia group was significantly older than the non-anemia group (77.3 ± 11.9 versus 64.4 ± 12.7 years, respectively; P < 0.001). There were significantly more females in the anemia group than in the non-anemia group (36.7% versus 14.4%, respectively; P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the composite outcome-free survival was significantly worse in the anemia group than in the non-anemia group (P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox hazard model analysis revealed that hemoglobin levels on admission were significantly associated with the composite outcome (per 1 g/dL increase: hazard ratio 0.76, 95% confidence interval 0.66-0.88, P < 0.001) after controlling for confounding factors. In conclusion, baseline anemia was significantly associated with poor clinical outcomes. Patients with STEMI presenting with anemia should be managed carefully, even if trans-radial primary PCI is chosen.


Assuntos
Anemia/etiologia , Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e25058, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725894

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Appropriate risk stratification and timely revascularization of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are available in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) - capable hospitals (PCHs). This study evaluated whether direct admission vs inter-hospital transfer influences cardiac mortality in patients with AMI. This study was conducted in the PCH where the patients were able to arrive within an hour. The inclusion criteria were AMI with a symptom onset time within 24 hours and having undergone PCI within 24 hours after admission. The cumulative incidence of cardiac death after percutaneous coronary intervention was evaluated in the direct admission versus inter-hospital transfer groups. Among the 3178 patients, 2165 (68.1%) were admitted via inter-hospital transfer. Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the direct admission group had a reduced symptom onset-to-balloon time (121 minutes, P < .001). With a median period of 28.4 (interquartile range, 12.0-45.6) months, the cumulative incidence of 2-year cardiac death was lower in the direct admission group (NSTEMI, 9.0% vs 11.0%, P = .136; STEMI, 9.7% vs 13.7%, P = .040; AMI, 9.3% vs 12.3%, P = .014, respectively). After the adjustment for clinical variables, inter-hospital transfer was the determinant of cardiac death (hazard ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.33; P = .016). Direct PCH admission should be recommended for patients with suspected AMI and could be a target for reducing cardiac mortality.


Assuntos
Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753377

RESUMO

COVID-19 has varied cardiovascular manifestations including microvascular and macrovascular thrombi leading to multiorgan system injury and failure. This case describes a patient presenting with acute hypoxaemic respiratory failure from COVID-19 who abruptly developed a large thrombus in the right coronary artery leading to myocardial infarction. This case report reviews the ECG, heart catheterisation images prepercutaneous and postpercutaneous coronary intervention, critical care management and outcome in the context of the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in the Virginia area. A brief review of relevant literature regarding cardiovascular complications of COVID-19 is also provided. Unfortunately, the patient ultimately passed after 2 weeks of inability to wean off the ventilator.


Assuntos
/complicações , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Angiografia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Coronária/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Stents Farmacológicos , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Radiografia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Trombectomia
8.
Kardiologiia ; 61(2): 40-46, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Russo, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734047

RESUMO

Aim      To evaluate the effect of the total time of myocardial ischemia on results of the treatment of patients with ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI).Material and methods This study used data from a hospital register for PCI in STEMI from 2006 through 2017. 1649 patients were included. Group 1 consisted of 604 (36.6 %) patients with a total time of myocardial ischemia not exceeding 1880 min; group 2 included 531 (32.2 %) patients with a duration of myocardial ischemia from 180 to 360 min; and group 3 included 514 (31.2 %) patients with a duration of myocardial ischemia longer than 360 min.Results Mortality was lower in group 1 (2.3 %) than in groups 2 and 3 (6.2 and 7.2 %, respectively; p1-2=0.001; p1-3<0.001; p2-3=0.520). The incidence of major cardiac complications ("adverse cardiac events", MACE) was lower in group 1 (4.1 %) than in groups 2 and 3 (7.3 and 9.5 %, respectively, p1-2=0.020; p1-3<0.001; p2-3=0.200). The incidence of no-reflow phenomenon was higher in group 3 (9.7 %) than in groups 2 and 3 (4.5 and 5.3 %, respectively (p1-2=0.539; p1-3=0.001; p2-3=0.005). The major factors associated with the increased total time of myocardial ischemia >180 min were age (odd ratio, OR, 1.01 at 95 % confidence interval, CI, 1.0 to 1.02; р=0.044), female gender (OR, 1.64 at 95 % CI 1.26 to 2.13; р<0.001), chronic kidney disease (OR 1.82 at 95 % CI 1.21 to 2.74; р=0.004). Performing prehospital thrombolysis was associated with a decrease in the total time of myocardial ischemia (OR 0.4 at 95 % CI 0.31 to 0.51; р<0.001). A strong direct correlation was observed between the total time of myocardial ischemia and the time from the onset of pain syndrome to hospitalization (r=0.759; р<0.001).Conclusion      The total time of myocardial ischemia >180 min was associated with increased mortality and development of MACE. The total time of myocardial ischemia > 360 min was associated with increased incidence of the no-reflow phenomenon. The major predictors for the time of myocardial ischemia >180 min included age, female gender, and chronic kidney disease. The use of pharmacoinvasive strategy was associated with an increased number of patients with a total duration of myocardial ischemia <180 min. The contribution of the time of prehospital delay to the total time of myocardial ischemia was greater than the contribution of the "door-to-balloon" time. The time of prehospital delay showed a strong direct correlation with the total time of myocardial ischemia.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Fenômeno de não Refluxo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(2): 150-157, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611901

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the impact of inflammatory reaction levels and the culprit plaque characteristics on preprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The is a retrospective study. A total of 1 268 STEMI patients who underwent pre-intervention optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination of culprit lesion during emergency PCI were divided into 2 groups by preprocedural TIMI flow grade (TIMI 0-1 group (n =964, 76.0%) and TIMI 2-3 group (n =304, 24.0%)). Baseline clinical data of the 2 groups were collected; blood samples were collected for the detection of inflammatory markers such as high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), myocardial injury marker, blood lipid, etc.; echocardiography was used to determine left ventricular ejection fraction; coronary angiography and OCT were performed to define the lesion length, diameter stenosis degree of the infarct-related arteries, presence or absence of complex lesions, culprit lesion type, area stenosis degree and vulnerability of culprit plaques. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent correlation factors. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of continuous independent correlation factors was analyzed, and the best cut-off value of TIMI 0-1 was respectively determined according to the maximum value of Youden index. Results: The mean age of 1 268 STEMI patients were (57.6±11.4) years old and 923 cases were males (72.8%). Compared with TIMI 2-3 group, the patients in TIMI 0-1 group were older and had higher N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide level, lower cardiac troponin I (cTnI) level, lower left ventricular ejection fraction, and higher hsCRP level (5.16(2.06, 11.78) mg/L vs. 3.73(1.51, 10.46) mg/L). Moreover, the hsCRP level of patients in TIMI 0-1 group was higher in the plaque rupture subgroup (all P<0.05). Coronary angiography results showed that compared with TIMI 2-3 group, the proportion of right coronary artery (RCA) as the infarct-related artery was higher, the angiographical lesion length was longer, minimal lumen diameter was smaller, and diameter stenosis was larger in TIMI 0-1 group (all P<0.05). The prevalence of plaque rupture was higher (75.8% vs. 61.2%) in TIMI 0-1 group. Plaque vulnerability was significantly higher in TIMI 0-1 group than that in TIMI 2-3 group with larger mean lipid arc (241.27°±46.78° vs. 228.30°±46.32°), more thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA, 72.4% vs. 57.9%), more frequent appearance of macrophage accumulation (84.4% vs. 70.7%) and cholesterol crystals (39.1% vs. 25.7%). Minimal flow area was smaller [1.3(1.1-1.7)mm2 vs. 1.4(1.1-1.9)mm2, all P<0.05] and flow area stenosis was higher (78.2%±10.6% vs. 76.3%±12.3%) in TIMI 0-1 group. Multivariable analysis showed that mean lipid arc>255.55°, cholesterol crystals, angiographical lesion length>16.14 mm, and hsCRP>3.29 mg/L were the independent correlation factors of reduced preprocedural TIMI flow grade in STEMI patients. Conclusions: Plaque vulnerability and inflammation are closely related to reduced preprocedural TIMI flow grade in STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico , Terapia Trombolítica , Função Ventricular Esquerda
10.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 42-49, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518665

RESUMO

Recent clinical studies suggest that newer-generation drug-eluting stents that combine ultrathin struts and nanocoating (biodegradable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents, BP-SES) could improve long-term clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the early vascular response to BP-SES in these patients has not been investigated so far.We examined this response in 20 patients with STEMI caused by plaque rupture using frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) to understand the underlying mechanisms. Plaque rupture was diagnosed by OCT before PCI with BP-SES implantation was performed. OCT was again performed before the final angiography (post-PCI) and after 2 weeks (2W-OCT).BP-SES placement caused protrusion of atherothrombotic material into the stent lumen and incomplete stent apposition in all patients. After 2 weeks, incomplete stent apposition was significantly reduced (% malapposed struts: post-PCI 4.7 ± 3.3%; 2W-OCT 0.9 ± 1.2%; P < 0.0001), and the percentage of uncovered struts also significantly decreased (% uncovered struts: post-PCI; 69.8 ± 18.3%: 2W-OCT; 29.6 ± 11.0%, P < 0.0001). The maximum protrusion area of the atherothrombotic burden was significantly reduced (post-PCI 1.36 ± 0.70 mm2; 2W-OCT 0.98 ± 0.55 mm2; P = 0.004).This study on the early vascular responses following BP-SES implantation showed rapid resolution of atherothrombotic material and progression of strut apposition and coverage. (UMIN000041324).


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev Med Liege ; 76(2): 83-87, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543852

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction remains a serious pathology with acute intra-hospital mortality varying from 6-14 % depending on the country. Percutaneous angioplasty is part of the therapeutic arsenal of choice for this type of pathology but it may be complicated by a stroke. We present the case of a 43-year-old woman admitted for STEMI and who develops a sylvian stroke following the percutaneous angioplasty procedure. However, the outcome of this neurological complication was favourable after she could benefit from a percutaneous thrombectomy procedure performed by a team of neuroradiologists.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Angioplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e044035, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452200

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent randomised clinical trials showed benefit of non-culprit lesion revascularisation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. However, it remains unclear whether revascularisation should be performed at the index procedure or at a later stage. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) Guided Multivessel Revascularisation During Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Myocardial Infarction trial is a multicentre, randomised controlled prospective open-label trial with blinded evaluation of endpoints. After successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), eligible STEMI patients with residual non-culprit lesions are randomised, to instantaneous wave-free ratio guided treatment of non-culprit lesions during the index procedure versus deferred cardiac MR-guided management within 4 days to 6 weeks. The primary endpoint of the study is the combined occurrence of all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction and hospitalisation for heart failure at 12 months follow-up. Clinical follow-up includes questionnaires at 3 months and outpatient visits at 6 months and 12 months after primary PCI. Furthermore, a cost-effectiveness analysis will be performed. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Permission to conduct this trial has been granted by the Medical Ethical Committee of the Amsterdam University Medical Centres (loc. VUmc, ID NL60107.029.16). The primary results of this trial will be shared in a main article and subgroup analyses or spin-off studies will be shared in secondary papers. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03298659.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Adolescente , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Kardiol Pol ; 79(2): 170-178, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No­reflow (NR) is a strong and independent predictor of poor cardiovascular outcomes among patients with ST­segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate the association of the acute­to­chronic (A/C) glycemic ratio with no­reflow (NR) in STEMI patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: This retrospective study included 905 patients with STEMI. The A/C glycemic ratio was determined as admission blood glucose (ABG) divided by the estimated average glucose (eAG). We evaluated 2 primary models (full model and reduced model). The primary outcome was the presence of NR. RESULTS: The incidence of NR was 22.7% (206 cases) in the present study. We divided the study population into 3 tertiles (T1, T2, and T3) based on the ABG/eAG ratio. There was a stepwise increase of the frequency of NR from the T1 to T3 group (36 patients [12%] vs 70 patients [23%] vs 100 patients [33%]; respectively [P <0.001, for each group comparison]). In a full model, the ABG/eAG ratio (OR, 2.274; 95% CI, 1.587-3.26; P <0.001) was associated with NR. After the performance of a step-down backward variable selection method, the thrombus grade, the ABG/eAG ratio, the infarct­related artery diameter, and age remained in the reduced model. The ABG/eAG ratio (contributing 25.3% of the explainable outcome in the model) was one of the strong predictors of NR in the reduced model. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this might be the first study showing a significant relationship between the ABG/eAG ratios with NR in patients with STEMI after primary PCI.


Assuntos
Fenômeno de não Refluxo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Glicemia , Humanos , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/epidemiologia , Fenômeno de não Refluxo/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Am Heart J ; 234: 12-22, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) complicating primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an independent predictor of short- and long-term outcomes in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Prior studies suggest a lower incidence of AKI in patients undergoing PCI through radial artery compared to femoral artery access; however, no randomized clinical trials have specifically investigated this question in patients presenting with STEMI. METHODS: To determine whether radial access (RA) is associated with a reduced frequency of AKI following primary PCI, we performed a substudy of the SAFARI-STEMI trial. The SAFARI-STEMI trial was an open-label, multicenter trial, which randomized patients presenting with STEMI to RA or femoral access (FA), between July 2011 and December 2018. The primary outcome of this post hoc analysis was the incidence of AKI, defined as an absolute (>0.5 mg/dL) or relative (>25%) increase in serum creatinine from baseline. RESULTS: In total 2,285 (99.3%) of the patients enrolled in SAFARI-STEMI were included in the analysis-1,132 RA and 1,153 FA. AKI occurred in 243 (21.5%) RA patients and 226 (19.6%) FA patients (RR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.78-1.07, P = .27). An absolute increase in serum creatinine >0.5 mg/dL was seen in 49 (4.3%) radial and 52 (4.5%) femoral patients (RR: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.71-1.53, P = .83). AKI was lower in both groups when the KDIGO definition was applied (RA 11.9% vs FA 10.8%; RR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.72-1.13, P = .38). CONCLUSIONS: Among STEMI patients enrolled in the SAFARI-STEMI trial, there was no association between catheterization access site and AKI, irrespective of the definition applied. These results challenge the independent association between catheterization access site and AKI noted in prior investigations.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Artéria Femoral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509857

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) associated with left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in the event of an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a rare cause of hypotension during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Herein, we describe a 57-year-old woman who presented with STEMI and underwent PCI. She developed hypotension which worsened during inotropic therapy. Echocardiography revealed evidence of LVOT obstruction in the setting of TCM. Therefore, inotropic support was promptly discontinued. Beta blockers and phenylephrine were rapidly administrated, resulting in improved blood pressure and stabilisation of the patient.


Assuntos
Hipotensão/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/complicações , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/complicações , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Cardiotônicos/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Hipotensão/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenilefrina/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombectomia , Trombose , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Heart Lung ; 50(2): 292-295, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387761

RESUMO

The COVID 19 pandemic resulted in a total reduction in the number of hospitalizations for acute coronary syndromes. A consequence of the delay in coronary revascularization has been the resurgence of structural complications of myocardial infarctions. Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicating late presenting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with high mortality despite advances in both surgical repair and perioperative management. Current data suggests a declining mortality with delay in VSR repair; however, these patients may develop cardiogenic shock while waiting for surgery. Available options are limited for patients with VSR who develop right ventricular failure and cardiogenic shock. The survival rate is very low in patients with cardiogenic shock undergoing surgical or percutaneous VSR repair. In this study we present two late presenting ST elevation MI patients who were complicated by rapidly declining hemodynamics and impending organ failure. Both patients were bridged with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to cardiac transplant.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular , Humanos , Pandemias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/diagnóstico , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/epidemiologia , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/etiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243385, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362198

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Blacks are more likely to live in poverty and be uninsured, and are less likely to undergo revascularization after am acute myocardial infarction compared to whites. The objective of this study was to determine whether Medicaid expansion was associated with a reduction in revascularization disparities in patients admitted with an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Retrospective analysis study using data (2010-2018) from hospitals participating in the University Health Systems Consortium, now renamed the Vizient Clinical Database. Comparative interrupted time series analysis was used to compare changes in the use of revascularization therapies (PCI and CABG) in white versus non-Hispanic black patients hospitalized with either ST-segment elevation (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarctions (NSTEMI) after Medicaid expansion. RESULTS: The analytic cohort included 68,610 STEMI and 127,378 NSTEMI patients. The percentage point decrease in the uninsured rate for STEMIs and NSTEMIs was greater for blacks in expansion states compared to whites in expansion states. For patients with STEMIs, differences in black versus white revascularization rates decreased by 2.09 percentage points per year (95% CI, 0.29-3.88, P = 0.023) in expansion versus non-expansion states after adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics. Black patients hospitalized with STEMI in non-expansion states experienced a 7.24 percentage point increase in revascularization rate in 2014 (95% CI, 2.83-11.7, P < 0.001) but did not experience significant annual percentage point increases in the rate of revascularization in subsequent years (1.52; 95% CI, -0.51-3.55, P = 0.14) compared to whites in non-expansion states. Medicaid expansion was not associated with changes in the revascularization rate for either blacks or whites hospitalized with NSTEMIs. CONCLUSION: Medicaid expansion was associated with greater reductions in the number of uninsured blacks compared to uninsured whites. Medicaid expansion was not associated, however, with a reduction in revascularization disparities between black and white patients admitted with acute myocardial infarctions.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Afro-Americanos , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Hospitalização/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Medicaid , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/economia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Pobreza , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
20.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 930-935, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210864

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the changes of left ventricular function in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before PCI and within 24 hours after PCI by layer-specific strain, and to explore the value of this new assessment method for quantitative monitoring on the myocardial function in STEMI patients. Methods: A total of 40 patients with acute anterior wall myocardial infarction, who underwent PCI in Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University during July 2017 to July 2018, were included in this prospective cohort study. According to the symptom to balloon time (STB), the patients were divided into STB ≤6 hours group (26 cases) and STB 6-12 hours group (14 cases). Echocardiography was performed before, immediately, 3 hours and 24 hours after PCI. Echocardiographic indexes including endocardial myocardial longitudinal strain (LS-endo), 18-segment full-thickness myocardial longitudinal strain (LS) of left ventricle and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) were measured. The mean LS-endo and LS values of myocardial segments in infarcted area (IALS-endo, IALS) and the mean LS-endo and LS values of myocardial segments in non-infarcted area (NIALS-endo, NIALS) were calculated. Results: There were 34 males and 6 females in this cohort and age was (62±10) years. In STB≤6 hours group, the IALS-endo value ((13.7±4.9)% vs. (10.0±2.7)%, P<0.05) and NIALS-endo value ((17.0±2.9)% vs. (14.6±2.9)%, P<0.05) were significantly higher at 24 hours after PCI than those before PCI. In the group of STB 6-12 hours, IALS-endo decreased immediately after PCI ((6.7±3.3)% vs. (11.9±6.5)%, P<0.05), and there was a rising trend at 3 hours after PCI (P>0.05). At 24 hours after PCI, the index was higher than that immediately after PCI ((13.6±8.4)% vs. (6.7±3.3)%, P<0.05). The NIALS-endo value was significantly higher at 24 hours after PCI than that before PCI ((17.1±2.1)% vs. (14.5±3.2)%, P<0.05). In the STB 6-12 hours group, the decrease rate of IALS-endo immediately after PCI was higher than that in the STB ≤6 hours group (93% (13/14) vs. 35% (9/26), P<0.001). In STB ≤6 hours group, the NIALS value at 24 hours after PCI was higher than that before PCI (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in IALS, NIALS and GLS at other time points (P>0.05). Conclusions: Layered LS is superior to full-thickness LS and GLS in evaluating left ventricular function in STEMI patients. LS measured by echocardiography can continuously and quantitatively evaluate the changes of left ventricular myocardial function in STEMI patients before and after PCI.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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