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1.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 53(6): 379-384, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675271

RESUMO

Objective. Patients with diabetes have higher mortality rate than patients without diabetes after ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). Prognosis of patients with new onset diabetes (NOD) after STEMI remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with NOD compared to that of patients without NOD after STEMI. Design. This study was a retrospective observational study. We enrolled 901 STEMI patients. Patients were divided into diabetic and non-diabetic groups at index admission. Non-diabetic group was divided into NOD and non-NOD groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox's proportional hazard regression models were used to compare major adverse cardiac events (MACE) free survival rate and hazard ratio for MACE between NOD and non-NOD groups. Results. Mean follow-up period was 59 ± 28 months. Diabetes group had higher MACE than non-diabetes group (p = .038). However, MACE was not different between NOD and non-NOD groups (p = 1.000). After 1:2 propensity score matching, incidence of MACE was not different between the two groups. In Kaplan-Meier survival curves, MACE-free survival rates were not statistically different between NOD and non-NOD groups either (p = .244). Adjusted hazard ratios of NOD for MACE, all-cause of death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization were 0.697 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.362-1.345, p = .282), 0.625 (95% CI: 0.179-2.183, p = .461), 0.794 (95% CI: 0.223-2.835, p = .723), and 0.506 (95% CI: 0.196-1.303, p = .158), respectively. Conclusion. This retrospective observational study with a limited statistical power did not show a different prognosis in patients with and without NOD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 251-256, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487243

RESUMO

Our objective was to evaluate clinical characteristics, results and morbi-mortality in primary angioplasty (PA), of patients treated with PA within 36 hours of a myocardial infarction (MI), included in a prospective, transversal, multicenter and national survey (ARGEN-IAM-ST). A total of 1142 patients treated with PA were registered, 61.2 ± 12 years old, 88% male, 20% diabetics and 58% with hypertension; 77.6% in Killip Kimball I and 6.2% in cardiogenic shock. The time from the onset of pain until admission was 153 (75-316) minutes, and door-balloon of 91 (60-150) minutes. The transferred patients (17%) showed longer delay to admission, 200 minutes (195-420; p = 0.0001) and door-to-balloon 113.5 minutes (55-207); p = 0.099. In 47.6% of the cases, the PA was made in the anterior descending artery, in 36.4% in the right coronary artery, in 14.8% in the circumflex artery and in 1.2% in the left coronary artery; in 95% with stent (29% pharmacological); 95% was successful, 1.3% presented post-infarct angina (APIAM), 1.3% re-infarct, 8.8% shock and 3.2% bleeding. Age > 64 years (OR 6.2 (95% CI: 3.2-12), p <0.001), diabetes (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.6-3.9, p < 0.001), re-infarction or APIAM (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.3-8.3, p = 0.011) and shock (OR 29.2 (15.6-54.8), p < 0.001) were independently associated with higher mortality. In-hospital mortality of acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation treated with PA was 7.6%. Transference from other center was associated with delay in the admission and treatment. Cardiogenic shock and post-infarct ischemia were associated with high mortality. There were no procedural variables associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Argentina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1061-1069, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484870

RESUMO

Plaque erosion (PE) is a significant substrate of acute coronary thrombosis. An improved ability to distinguish plaque phenotype in vivo among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is of considerable interest because of the potential to formulate tailored treatment. This study assessed the plaque features and screened the circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) characteristically expressed in patients with PE compared with those with plaque rupture (PR). An miRNA microarray profile was generated in an initial cohort of eight STEMI patients with PE and eight clinically matched subjects with PR to select the circulating miRNAs with significant differences. miRNAs of interest were validated in a prospective cohort, and the plaque characteristics of enrolled patients were assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Thirty culprit lesions were classified as PE (32.6%) and 46 as PR (50%). The main component of PE was fibrotic tissue, whereas the chief component of PR was lipids (P < 0.001). Thirty-four miRNAs were differentially expressed between the two groups; we validated five candidates and found that only the level of circulating miR-3667-3p exhibited significant discriminatory power in predicting the presence of PE (AUC = 0.767; P < 0.001). Our results show that high levels of circulating miR-3667-3p are closely related to PE in STEMI patients, which provides further evidence for PE pathophysiology and potential tailor treatment strategies.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/sangue , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Trombose Coronária/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1077-1082, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447466

RESUMO

Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) have an increased risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) when compared with patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, CIN prevention measures are less frequently applied in PPCI than in elective PCI. At present, no preventive strategy has been recommended by the current guidelines for patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI.Published research was scanned by formal searches of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from 1966 to July 2018. Internet-based sources of information on the results of clinical trials in cardiology were also searched.A total of three randomized trials involving 924 patients were included in the present meta-analysis, of whom 462 received hydration with isotonic saline (hydration group) and 462 received no hydration (control group). Periprocedural hydration with isotonic saline was associated with a significant decrease in the rate of CIN (16.9% in the hydration group versus 26.4% in the control group; summary risk ratio: 0.64, 95% confidence interval: 0.50-0.82, P = 0.0005). There was no difference in the rate of postprocedural hemodialysis or death between the groups.Intravenous saline hydration during PPCI reduced the risk of CIN without significantly altering the rate of requirement for renal replacement therapy or mortality.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Hidratação/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Papel (figurativo) , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16544, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335736

RESUMO

To investigate the status of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and analyze the reasons for not receiving PCI.A cohort of 387 consecutive hospitalized AMI patients aged ≥80 years were recruited from 2005 to 2014. Their clinical data were collected and analyzed.Among 387 elderly patients with AMI (190 men and 197 women, mean age 84.1 ±â€Š3.9 years), there were 171 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 216 patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). The emergency and elective PCI treatment rate was 40.6% and 12.1%, respectively, in patients with STEMI; and 1% and 18%, respectively, in patients with NSTEMI. PCI treatment rate of elderly AMI patients enrolled after 2009 showed no significant difference compared to that before 2009 (P > .05). The in-hospital mortality decreased significantly in PCI treatment group. After adjustment for age, sex, and other factors, PCI treatment was identified as the independent protective factors for in-hospital mortality (odds ratio = 0.323, 95% confidence interval 0.147-0.710, P = .005). The main influence factors for not receiving PCI treatment were hemorrhage, severe renal dysfunction, infection, or severe anemia-associated complications, whereas delayed treatment was the important reason for patients not undergoing emergency PCI.PCI treatment is the independent protective factor for in-hospital mortality of elderly patients with AMI. Due to various complications, PCI treatment rate is still low in elderly patients with AMI and has not been improved recently. Paying attention to performing PCI treatment for elderly patients with AMI has positive significance.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/complicações , China , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Nefropatias/complicações , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Tempo para o Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16226, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been one of the fastest growing therapeutic interventions for patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the mortality of patients with STEMI after PCI is uncertain currently. There is a paucity of systematic review on the associated factors of mortality among patients with STEMI after PCI. Therefore, this meta-analysis was designed to synthesize available evidence on the prevalence and associated factors of mortality after PCI for adult patients with STEMI. METHODS: Both case-control and cohort studies reporting on mortality after PCI for patients with STEMI, published in Chinese and English will be eligible for inclusion. Studies from 12 databases covering the period from 2008 to present will be considered for systematic searches. Two reviewers will independently screen and select studies, extract data, and assess methodologic quality. When available, meta-analysis will be performed. Pooled proportions of mortality, and proportions in the exposed and unexposed groups, and population attributable fraction of each factor will be calculated by a suitable transformation of proportions. If necessary, meta-regression models, subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, funnel plot, and Egger test will be performed. Narrative synthesis will be done where meta-analysis cannot be performed. Reporting of this protocol will comply with the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analyses (PRISMA-P) guidelines. RESULTS: This systematic review will be developed according to the meta-analysis of observational studies in epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a comprehensive review on the available evidence regarding the prevalence and associated factors of mortality for patients with STEMI following PCI. This review will be constrained by the divergence of definition and assessment of specific factors between studies. However, the development of a qualitative description of definition and assessment tools will also provide an overview of the current practice. Formal ethical approval is not required since the secondary data will be collected for systematic review. The findings will be disseminated in a relevant peer-reviewed journal and academic presentations. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42017070969.


Assuntos
Metanálise como Assunto , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco
8.
BMJ ; 365: l1927, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of intensive care unit (ICU) admission on mortality among patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: 1727 acute care hospitals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare beneficiaries (aged 65 years or older) admitted with STEMI to either an ICU or a non-ICU unit (general/telemetry ward or intermediate care) between January 2014 and October 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: 30 day mortality. An instrumental variable analysis was done to account for confounding, using as an instrument the additional distance that a patient with STEMI would need to travel beyond the closest hospital to arrive at a hospital in the top quarter of ICU admission rates for STEMI. RESULTS: The analysis included 109 375 patients admitted to hospital with STEMI. Hospitals in the top quarter of ICU admission rates admitted 85% or more of STEMI patients to an ICU. Among patients who received ICU care dependent on their proximity to a hospital in the top quarter of ICU admission rates, ICU admission was associated with lower 30 day mortality than non-ICU admission (absolute decrease 6.1 (95% confidence interval -11.9 to -0.3) percentage points). In a separate analysis among patients with non-STEMI, a group for whom evidence suggests that routine ICU care does not improve outcomes, ICU admission was not associated with differences in mortality (absolute increase 1.3 (-0.9 to 3.4) percentage points). CONCLUSIONS: ICU care for STEMI is associated with improved mortality among patients who could be treated in an ICU or non-ICU unit. An urgent need exists to identify which patients with STEMI benefit from ICU admission and what about ICU care is beneficial.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(6-7): 374-380, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31160206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In France, when someone presents with chest pain, it is recommended to call a health emergency number. The patient talks with an emergency doctor at a medical dispatch centre, who decides whether (or not) to send a Mobile Intensive Care Unit (MICU). Patients with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) should have an MICU as their first medical contact, to speed up confirmation of diagnosis and enable them to benefit from reperfusion therapy as quickly as possible. AIM: To evaluate the proportion of patients with STEMI benefiting from an optimal care pathway, and to identify the key factors leading to this pathway. METHODS: RESCAMIP was a multicentre registry conducted between May 2015 and May 2017 in Midi-Pyrénées. All patients treated for STEMI within 12hours of symptoms onset, without initially going into cardiac arrest, were included. RESULTS: Data from 1371 patients with STEMI were analysed; 60% had an MICU as their first medical contact. In-hospital mortality was 4%. Factors associated with calling the medical dispatch centre when presenting chest pain were: age>65 years (odds ratio [OR] 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.83), personal history of cardiovascular disease (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.22-2.96) and having cardiovascular risk factors (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.35-2.5). Factors associated with sending an MICU as first medical contact were: male sex (OR 2.11, 955 CI 1.49-2.99) and personal history of cardiovascular disease (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.07-2.65). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of patients with STEMI going through non-optimal pathways was 40% in our area. We note that there are sex-based inequalities in accessing MICUs.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Operador de Emergência Médica , Feminino , França , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Transporte de Pacientes/normas , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 25(2): 18-23, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149987

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to objectively assess lethal outcomes in patients with the final diagnosis of 'ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction' (STEAMI) in order to reveal the circumstances and peculiarities of an unfavourable outcome. The work was performed on the basis of the medical records over 2014-2016, retrospectively analysing cases of STEAMI: a total of 131 lethal outcomes regardless of reperfusion therapy and 1,004 patients having survived after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The data statistically significantly (p<0.05) distinguishing lethal outcomes were as follows: prevalence of female patients - 59.5%; transmural myocardial lesion - 90.1%; recurrent myocardial infarction - 32.1%; a history of functional class I-III angina of effort - 31.3%; a high average value of acute heart failure according to T. Killip classification - 2.4±0.2; cardiogenic shock - 30.6%; high frequency of previously endured acute cerebral circulatory impairments - 9.9%, a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus - 32.8% and degree I-III obesity - 35.1%. Amongst the deceased patients with AMI complicated by postinfarction cardiosclerosis and preexisting FC I-III angina of effort there was a low proportion of coronary angiography (CAG) (8.4%) and coronary operations (6.9%) previously performed. Also registered was a low frequency of reperfusion treatment (45.8%), which was associated with early mortality (within the first 2 hours of admission - 51.9%, within 3 to 24 hours - 16.8%). A decrease in efficacy of the interventions performed was influenced by syndromes of slow or absent blood flow (20.7% of PCI), as well as a multivessel haemodynamically significant lesion of three and more coronary arteries (56.2% of the CAGs performed). The obtained data concerning concomitant pathology and the condition are used to draw up a portrait of a patient jeopardised by a lethal outcome associated with AMI. These factors should be taken into consideration at the outpatient stage for a more active reperfusion policy aimed at preventing AMI.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int Heart J ; 60(3): 560-568, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105155

RESUMO

Right ventricular infarction (RVI) is a complication following inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of RVI in the contemporary primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. The primary endpoint was in-hospital death, and the secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, re-hospitalization for heart failure, and non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Event-free survival curves for MACE were constructed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and statistical differences between curves were assessed using the log-lank test. A total of 1354 patients with AMI were screened from January 2010 to December 2016. The final study population involved 315 patients with STEMI whose infarct related artery (IRA) was the right coronary artery (RCA). We categorized these 315 patients into the RVI group (n = 85) and the non-RVI group (n = 230). Median follow-up duration was 358 (IQR: 208-987) days. In-hospital deaths were more frequently observed in the RVI group (9.4%) than in the non-RVI group (3.0%) (P = 0.018). However, the incidence of MACE was not different between the groups (P = 0.537). In conclusion, in-hospital clinical outcomes were poorer in the RVI group than in the non-RVI group. However, mid-term MACE was not different between the two groups, suggesting the importance of aggressive acute treatment for STEMI patients with RVI.


Assuntos
Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia
12.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(5): 598-602, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089012

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of hematological parameters measured at the moment of admission to the emergency room in predicting in-hospital mortality and to determine cut-off values of strongly predictive values. Subjects and Methods: The study began with approval of the ethics committee. In total, 1,929 patients over 18 years of age, whose date could be obtained, were included in the study. From the hemogram parameters, white blood cells (WBC), red cell distribution width, mean platelet volume, and ratio of neutrophils to lymphocytes (NLR) values were determined and recorded. CK-MB and high-sensitive Troponin T values were recorded as cardiac markers. For statistical analysis, "SPSS for Windows Version 21" package program was used. Findings: About 71.7% (n = 1384) of the patients were male and 28.3% (n = 545) of the patients were female. About 92.5% of the patients (n = 1785) were discharged from the hospital, whereas the remaining 144 patients (7.5%) were exitus in the hospital. When the efficacy of hematological parameters and cardiac markers in predicting mortality was examined by receiver operating charecteristics analysis, NLR was found to be the strongest predictor (area under the curve [AUC], 0.772, standard deviation [SD] = 0.022, 95% confidence interval [CI]). It was found that the WBC value came in second place after NLR as a strong predictor of mortality (AUC, 0.749, SD = 0.024, % 95 CI). Conclusion: The use of predictors for the prediction of mortality for ST elevation myocardial infarction patients is of great importance for faster implementation of treatment modalities. We found that WBC and especially NLR values obtained with a simple method can be used as powerful predictors.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Índices de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Troponina T/sangue
13.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(8-9): 459-468, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation is strongly recommended in patients after acute myocardial infarction. AIMS: To assess cardiac rehabilitation prescription after acute myocardial infarction according to predicted risk, and its association with 1-year mortality, using the FAST-MI registries. METHODS: We used data from three 1-month French nationwide registries, conducted 5 years apart from 2005 to 2015, including 13130 patients with acute myocardial infarction admitted to coronary or intensive care units. Atherothrombotic risk stratification was performed using the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS-2P). Patients were classified into three categories: Group 1 (low risk; no or one risk indicator; score of 0 or 1); Group 2 (intermediate risk; two risk indicators; score of 2); and Group 3 (high risk; at least three risk indicators; score of≥3). RESULTS: Among the 12291 patients, cardiac rehabilitation prescription was 43.6% (49.9% in Group 1; 43.0% in Group 2; 35.2% in Group 3). Using Cox multivariable analysis, cardiac rehabilitation prescription was associated with lower mortality at 1 year in the overall population (3.8% vs. 8.2%; hazard ratio [HR] 0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.61-0.85; P<0.001). Cardiac rehabilitation was associated with improved 1-year mortality, with homogeneous relative risk reductions in low- and intermediate-risk categories (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.51-0.94) compared with high-risk patients (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.88). In absolute terms, however, mortality decrease associated with cardiac rehabilitation was positively correlated with risk level (Group 1, 0.9% vs. 2.4%; Group 2, 3.0% vs. 4.2%; Group 3, 10.5% vs. 17.3%). CONCLUSION: Cardiac rehabilitation prescription was inversely correlated with patient risk. A positive association between cardiac rehabilitation and 1-year survival after acute myocardial infarction was present whatever the risk level, but the greatest mortality reduction was observed in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/reabilitação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/reabilitação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 91, 2019 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The best strategy for the treatment of the non-infarct artery in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not yet defined. METHODS: We searched the literature for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared complete revascularization (CR) with infarct-related coronary artery (IRA) only revascularization in hemodynamically stable patients with STEMI. Random effect risk ratios (RRs) were calculated for clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Nine RCTs with 2989 patients were included. No significant difference in all-cause mortality emerged between CR and IRA-only groups (relative risk [RR] = 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.52 to 1.04; p = 0.08). Compared with IRA-only, CR was associated with significantly lower rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (RR = 0.53; 95% CI: 0.41 to 0.68; p < 0.001), cardiac death (RR = 0.48; 95% CI: 0.29 to 0.79; p = 0.004) and repeat revascularization (RR = 0.38; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.47; p < 0.001). In subgroups analysis, immediate complete revascularization (ICR) reduced the risk of all-cause mortality (RR = 0.62; 95% CI: 0.39 to 0.97; p = 0.04), whereas staged complete revascularization (SCR) did not show any significant benefit in all-cause mortality (RR = 0.92; 95% CI: 0.46 to 1.86; p = 0.82). Stroke, contrast-induced nephropathy and major bleeding were not different between CR and IRA-only. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with STEMI and multivessel disease undergoing primary PCI, complete revascularization did not decrease the risk of all-cause mortality in current evidence from randomized trials. When feasible, immediate complete revascularization might be considered in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Ann Acad Med Singapore ; 48(3): 75-85, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997476

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the incidence and mortality of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) across the 3 main ethnic groups in Singapore, determine if there is any improvement in trends over the years and postulate the reasons underlying the ethnic disparity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study consisted of 16,983 consecutive STEMI patients who sought treatment from all public hospitals in Singapore from 2007 to 2014. RESULTS: Compared to the Chinese (58 per 100,000 population in 2014), higher STEMI incidence rate was consistently observed in the Malays (114 per 100,000 population) and Indians (126 per 100,000 population). While the incidence rate for the Chinese and Indians remained relatively stable over the years, the incidence rate for the Malays rose slightly. Relative to the Indians (30-day and 1-year all-cause mortality at 9% and 13%, respectively, in 2014), higher 30-day and 1-year all-cause mortality rates were observed in the Chinese (15% and 21%) and Malays (13% and 18%). Besides the Malays having higher adjusted 1-year all-cause mortality, all other ethnic disparities in 30-day and 1-year mortality risk were attenuated after adjusting for demographics, comorbidities and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. CONCLUSION: It is important to continuously evaluate the effectiveness of existing programmes and practices as the aetiology of STEMI evolves with time, and to strike a balance between prevention and management efforts as well as between improving the outcome of "poorer" and "better" STEMI survivors with finite resources.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Mortalidade/etnologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etnologia , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Singapura/epidemiologia
17.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(7): 464-470, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994511

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to corroborate clinical evidence on the safety and efficacy of the ultrathin-strut biodegradable-polymer sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent in an all-comer population including high-risk subgroups. METHODS: The nationwide, prospective, all-comer BIOFLOW-III Satellite Registry was conducted at 18 Italian sites. High-risk subgroups [diabetes, small vessels (≤2.75 mm), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and chronic total occlusions (CTOs)] were prespecified. The primary endpoint was target lesion failure (TLF) at 12 months, a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (MI), emergent coronary artery bypass graft, and clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR). RESULTS: In all, 601 patients were enrolled (31.9% diabetes, 34.6% AMIs) with 736 lesions (37.2% small vessels, 5.7% CTOs, and 15.5% bifurcation lesions). Cumulative TLF rate at 12 months was 4.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.2-6.6]: 6.9% (95% CI 4.1-11.6) in the diabetic patients, 5.0% (95% CI 2.7-9.1) in acute MI subgroup, 4.2% (95% CI 2.3-7.7) in small vessels, and 5.3% (95% CI 1.4-19.7) in CTOs. At 18-month follow-up, TLF, target vessel revascularization, and clinically driven TLR rates in the overall population were 5.2% (95% CI 3.7-7.4), 1.8% (95% CI 1.0-3.3), and 1.6% (95% CI 0.8-3.1), respectively. Probable stent thrombosis rate was 0.5% (95% CI 0.1-1.4), whereas no definite stent thrombosis was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The study results confirmed the excellent clinical performance of the Orsiro drug-eluting stents at 18 months in the whole all-comer population and in the prespecified high-risk subgroups.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Trombose Coronária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 87, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of intravenous hydration at the time of primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. Guidelines are vague, supported by low level evidence, and hydration is used less often than other clinical settings.To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials assessing intravenous hydration compared with non-hydration for prevention of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and In-hospital mortality in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane Register were searched to September 2018. Included studies reported the incidence of CIN, In-hospital mortality, requirement for dialysis and heart failure. Relative risks with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for individual trials were pooled using a random effects model. RESULTS: Three moderate quality trials were identified including 1074 patients. Overall, compared with no hydration, intravenous hydration significantly reduced the incidence of CIN by 42% (RR 0.58; 95% CI: 0.45 to 0.74, p < 0.001). The estimated effects upon all-cause mortality (RR 0.56; 95% CI: 0.30 to 1.02, p = 0.057) and the requirement for dialysis (RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.14-1.88, p = 0.462) were not statistically significant. The outcome of heart failure was not consistently reported. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous hydration likely reduces the incidence of CIN in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. However, for key clinical outcomes such as mortality, heart failure and dialysis the effect estimates were imprecise. Further high quality studies are needed to clarify the appropriate volume of fluid and effects on outcomes.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Hidratação , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Hidratação/efeitos adversos , Hidratação/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Infusões Intravenosas , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Fatores de Proteção , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Diálise Renal , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 27(1): 39, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30961648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly half of all deaths in Poland. The aim of this study was to assess both the duration and the delays of prehospital treatment in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients and how it impacts left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) measured at the time of discharge and the frequency of in-hospital patient mortality. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed medical records from January 2011 to December 2015 (excluding the year 2013) of 573 patients who were transported to a hospital with a diagnosis of STEMI. RESULTS: The mean time of prehospital system delays was 59 min with a maximum time of 152 min and a minimum time of 23 min. The relationship between reduced LVEF (< 55%) and in-hospital patient mortality and the relationship between length of time from first medical contact (FMC) to hospital admission was analysed in 515 respondents. Extending the time of FMC to hospital admission by 1 min increased the chances of lowering LVEF by 2% (95% CI: 1.004-1.041) and increased the chances of death by 2% (95% CI: 1.002-1.04) in STEMI patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasised how vital it is to minimise time spent with STEMI patients at the scene of their cardiovascular event by performing an ECG as quickly as possible and by immediately transporting the patient to the hospital with the targeted treatment. This may lead to the implementation of additional training in the field of ECG interpretation, increase the prevalence of teletransmission systems, and improve communication between Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and catheterization laboratories ultimately reducing patient mortality.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(12): 1915-1920, 2019 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967290

RESUMO

Although the presence of chronic total occlusion (CTO) has been associated with long-term mortality in the patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, the influence of having CTO on in-hospital mortality in sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients has not been reported. Therefore, we examined the association between the presence of CTO and in-hospital mortality in those patients. Consecutive 106 SCA-ACS patients who received coronary angiography were retrospectively included. The factors associated with in-hospital mortality were analyzed. Among 106 patients, 40 (38%) patients died during hospitalization. Multivariate analysis revealed presence of CTO dependent on infarct-related artery (IRA-dependent-CTO) (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.88, p = 0.004), diabetes mellitus (HR = 2.04, p = 0.044), percutaneous cardiopulmonary support use (HR = 2.22, p = 0.045), successful recanalization (HR = 0.31, p = 0.004), and peak creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (HR = 1.11, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with mortality. In conclusion, presence of IRA-dependent-CTO was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality in SCA-ACS patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
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