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1.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 76(5): 540-548, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170591

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide. This study sought to share our experiences with in-hospital management and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive AMI patients, including those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI), from February 1, 2020, to April 15, 2020 (during the COVID-19 pandemic), and from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019 (before the COVID-19 pandemic), respectively. Fifty-three AMI patients (31 STEMI, 22 NSTEMI) during the COVID-19 pandemic were matched to 53 AMI patients before the pandemic. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the matched patients. STEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic had a longer delay time, less primary or remedial PCI and more emergency thrombolysis than those before the pandemic. Less coronary angiography and stenting were performed in AMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic than before the pandemic. There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical outcomes between the matched patients. However, STEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic had a 4-fold (12.9% vs. 3.2%) increase in all-cause mortality rate compared with those before the pandemic. AMI combined with COVID-19 infection was associated with higher rates of mortality than AMI alone. This study demonstrates that the COVID-19 pandemic results in significant reperfusion delays in STEMI patients and has a marked impact on the treatment options selection in AMI patients. The mortality rate of STEMI patients exhibits an increasing trend during the pandemic of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Cardiologia/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/tendências , Tempo para o Tratamento/tendências , Idoso , China , Angiografia Coronária/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the impact of COVID-19 on delivery and outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Furthermore, to compare clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with active COVID-19 against those without COVID-19. METHODS: We systematically analysed 348 STEMI cases presenting to the PPCI programme in London during the peak of the pandemic (1 March to 30 April 2020) and compared with 440 cases from the same period in 2019. Outcomes of interest included ambulance response times, timeliness of revascularisation, angiographic and procedural characteristics, and in-hospital clinical outcomes RESULTS: There was a 21% reduction in STEMI admissions and longer ambulance response times (87 (62-118) min in 2020 vs 75 (57-95) min in 2019, p<0.001), but that this was not associated with a delays in achieving revascularisation once in hospital (48 (34-65) min in 2020 vs 48 (35-70) min in 2019, p=0.35) or increased mortality (10.9% (38) in 2020 vs 8.6% (38) in 2019, p=0.28). 46 patients with active COVID-19 were more thrombotic and more likely to have intensive care unit admissions (32.6% (15) vs 9.3% (28), OR 5.74 (95%CI 2.24 to 9.89), p<0.001). They also had increased length of stay (4 (3-9) days vs 3 (2-4) days, p<0.001) and a higher mortality (21.7% (10) vs 9.3% (28), OR 2.72 (95% CI 1.25 to 5.82), p=0.012) compared with patients having PPCI without COVID-19. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that PPCI pathways can be maintained during unprecedented healthcare emergencies but confirms the high mortality of STEMI in the context of concomitant COVID-19 infection characterised by a heightened state of thrombogenicity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Ambulâncias/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Londres/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Trombose/mortalidade , Trombose/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 24(5): 334-342, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delayed admission of myocardial infarction (MI) patients is an important prognostic factor. In the present nationwide registry (TURKMI-2), we evaluated the treatment delays and outcomes of patients with acute MI during the Covid-19 pandemic and compaired with a recentpre-pandemic registry (TURKMI-1). METHODS: The pandemic and pre-pandemic studies were conducted prospectively as 15-day snapshot registries in the same 48 centers. The inclusion criteria for both registries were aged ≥18 years and a final diagnosis of acute MI (AMI) with positive troponin levels. The only difference between the 2 registries was that the pre-pandemic (TURKMI-1) registry (n=1872) included only patients presenting within the first 48 hours after symptom-onset. TURKMI-2 enrolled all consecutive patients (n=1113) presenting with AMI during the pandemic period. RESULTS: A comparison of the patients with acute MI presenting within the 48-hour of symptom-onset in the pre-pandemic and pandemic registries revealed an overall 47.1% decrease in acute MI admissions during the pandemic. Median time from symptom-onset to hospital-arrival increased from 150 min to 185 min in patients with ST elevation MI (STEMI) and 295 min to 419 min in patients presenting with non-STEMI (NSTEMI) (p-values <0.001). Door-to-balloon time was similar in the two periods (37 vs. 40 min, p=0.448). In the pandemic period, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) decreased, especially in the NSTEMI group (60.3% vs. 47.4% in NSTEMI, p<0.001; 94.8% vs. 91.1% in STEMI, p=0.013) but the decrease was not significant in STEMI patients admitted within 12 hours of symptom-onset (94.9% vs. 92.1%; p=0.075). In-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were significantly increased during the pandemic period [4.8% vs. 8.9%; p<0.001; age- and sex-adjusted Odds ratio (95% CI) 1.96 (1.20-3.22) for NSTEMI, p=0.007; and 2.08 (1.38-3.13) for STEMI, p<0.001]. CONCLUSION: The present comparison of 2 nationwide registries showed a significant delay in treatment of patients presenting with acute MI during the COVID-19 pandemic. Although PCI was performed in a timely fashion, an increase in treatment delay might be responsible for the increased risk of MACE. Public education and establishing COVID-free hospitals are necessary to overcome patients' fear of using healthcare services and mitigate the potential complications of AMI during the pandemic. (Anatol J Cardiol 2020; 24: 334-42).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia/epidemiologia
4.
N Z Med J ; 133(1524): 64-81, 2020 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119571

RESUMO

AIM: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the optimal reperfusion strategy to manage ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Where timely primary PCI cannot be achieved, an initial pharmacological reperfusion strategy is recommended with subsequent transfer to a PCI-capable hospital. The study aim was to assess STEMI outcomes according to the interventional capability of the New Zealand hospital to which patients initially present. METHODS: Nine thousand four hundred and eighty-eight New Zealand patients, aged 20-79 years, admitted with STEMI to a public hospital were identified. Patients were categorised into three groups-metropolitan hospitals with all-hours access to primary PCI (routine primary PCI cohort), metropolitan hospitals without routine access to PCI, and rural hospitals. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and major bleeding. RESULTS: Invasive coronary angiography was more frequent in the routine primary PCI cohort compared to metropolitan hospitals without routine access to PCI and rural hospitals (90.6 vs 83.0 vs 85.0% respectively; p<0.001) and occurred more commonly on the day of admission (78.9 vs 28.7 vs 25.7% respectively; p<0.001). There were no differences in multivariable adjusted all-cause mortality, MACE or major bleeding between patients admitted to any of the hospital groupings. CONCLUSION: Outcomes after STEMI in New Zealand are similar regardless of the interventional capability of the hospital where they first present.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitalização , Hospitais Rurais , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Int Med Res ; 48(10): 300060520966151, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: No data are available to develop uniform recommendations for reperfusion therapies in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to fill the evidence gap regarding STEMI reperfusion strategy during the COVID-19 era. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and outcomes for 17 patients with STEMI who received fibrinolysis during the COVID-19 pandemic were compared with 20 patients who received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), and were further compared with another 41 patients who received PPCI in the pre-COVID-19 period. RESULTS: In patients with STEMI, fibrinolysis achieved a comparable in-hospital and 30-day primary composite end point, as compared with those who received PPCI during the COVID-19 pandemic. No major bleeding was detected in either group. Compared patients with STEMI who received PPCI in the pre-COVID-19 period, we found a remarkable extension of chest pain onset-to-first medical contact (FMC) and FMC-to-wire crossing times, significantly increased number and length of stents, and much worse thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow in patients with STEMI who received PPCI during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION: Owing to its considerable efficacy and safety and advantages in conserving medical resources, we recommend fibrinolysis as a reasonable alternative for STEMI care during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fibrinólise , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Stents , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22523, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031294

RESUMO

There is scarce evidence that the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) could efficiently improve the prediction accuracy of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score in cases of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).A cohort of 1094 STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention was retrospectively recruited. Patients were categorized based on the ESR values. Final endpoints included cardiovascular death and major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) occurrence. The predictive value of combined models with the GRACE score and ESR was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, net reclassification improvement (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement.During the mean follow-up of 23 months, 34 patients died and 190 experienced MACEs, of which 23 patients died in the first year; both endpoints were more frequent in the higher group. The ESR and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were independent risk factors of 1-year cardiovascular death, together with the GRACE score (ESR: hazard ratio = 1.03, P = .006 hs-CRP: hazard ratio = 1.00, P = .001; GRACE: 1.03, P = .012). Although no statistical improvement in the area under the ROC curve was observed in either the GRACE/ESR or the GRACE/hs-CRP model (GRACE/ESR models: 0. 8073 vs GRACE: 0.7714, P = .22; GRACE/ESR models: 0. 7815 vs GRACE: 0.7714, P = .61), the GRACE score and ESR together significantly improved the NRI (0.633; P< .001) compared with the GRACE alone. Regarding the mid-term mortality, adding the ESR to the GRACE score not only improved the NRI (0.8433; P < .001), but also increased the integrated discrimination improvement (0.0509; P = .04).The ESR is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular death and MACE in STEMI patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The ESR comparatively enhanced the predictive values of the prognostic model, including the GRACE risk score.


Assuntos
Sedimentação Sanguínea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
7.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 9625181, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934665

RESUMO

Background: The white blood cell count to mean platelet volume ratio (WMR) is an indicator of inflammation in patients with atherosclerotic disease. Residual SYNTAX Score (RSS) is an objective measure of degree and complexity of residual stenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated the relationship between WMR and clinical prognosis and RSS in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI). Method: Between June 2015 and December 2018, 537 patients who underwent primary PCI were evaluated for in-hospital events, and 477 patients were evaluated for clinical events during follow-up after discharge. The endpoint of our study is major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) seen in the in-hospital and follow-up periods. Results: In our study, 537 patients were stratified into two groups according to admission median WMR. There were 268 patients in the low WMR group (WMR < 1286) and 269 patients in the high WMR group (WMR ≥ 1286). RSS (p = 0.01) value of the high WMR group was higher than that of the low WMR group. The rates of in-hospital MACE (p = 0.001), cardiac death (p < 0.001), decompansated heart failure (0.007), and ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (p = 0.003) were higher in the high WMR group than in the low WMR group. The follow-up MACEs (p = 0.043), cardiac death (p = 0.026), and reinfarction (p = 0.031) ratio were higher in the high WMR group. In ROC analysis, cut-off values of in-hospital and follow-up MACEs were >1064 (sensitivity: 83.12%, and specificity: 36.29%) and >1130 (sensitivity: 69.15%, and specificity: 44.91%), respectively. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high WMR group had the significantly lowest MACE-free survival rate (log-rank test, p = 0.006). A moderate correlation was observed between WMR and RSS (r: 456, p = 0.002). Conclusion: A higher WMR value on admission was associated with worse outcomes in patients with P-PCI and independently predicted for follow-up MACEs. The WMR provides both a rapid and an easily obtainable parameter to identify reliably high-risk patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention due to STEMI.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Leucócitos , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 21(11): 874-881, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941325

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence, clinical features and outcomes of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) hospitalized during the Corona-Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak compared with those admitted in a previous equivalent period. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighty-five patients admitted for STEMI at a high-volume Italian centre were included. Patients hospitalized during the COVID-19 outbreak (21 February-10 April 2020) (40%) were compared with those admitted in pre-COVID-19 period (3 January-20 February 2020) (60%). A 43% reduction in STEMI admissions was observed during the COVID-19 outbreak compared with the previous period. Time from symptom onset to first medical contact (FMC) and time from FMC to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) were longer in patients admitted during the COVID-19 period compared with before [148 (79-781) versus 130 (30-185) min; P = 0.018, and 75 (59-148)] versus 45 (30-70) min; P < 0.001]. High-sensitive troponin T levels on admission were also higher. In-hospital mortality was 12% in the COVID-19 phase versus 6% in the pre-COVID-19 period. Incidence of the composite end-point, including free-wall rupture, severe left ventricular dysfunction, left ventricular aneurysm, severe mitral regurgitation and pericardial effusion, was higher during the COVID-19 than the pre-COVID-19 period (19.6 versus 41.2%; P = 0.030; odds ratio = 2.87; 95% confidence interval 1.09-7.58). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the STEMI care system reducing hospital admissions and prolonging revascularization time. This translated into a worse patient prognosis due to more STEMI complications.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Aneurisma Cardíaco , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Derrame Pericárdico , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Derrame Pericárdico/epidemiologia , Derrame Pericárdico/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(11): 1318-1324, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal cardiovascular emergency requiring rapid reperfusion treatment. During the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, medical professionals need to strike a balance between providing timely treatment for STEMI patients and implementing infection control procedures to prevent nosocomial spread of COVID-19 among health care workers and other vulnerable cardiovascular patients. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol on the treatment and prognosis of STEMI patients in China. METHODS: Based on the data of 28,189 STEMI patients admitted to 1,372 Chest Pain Centers in China between December 27, 2019 and February 20, 2020, the study analyzed how the COVID-19 outbreak and China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol influenced the number of admitted STEMI cases, reperfusion strategy, key treatment time points, and in-hospital mortality and heart failure for STEMI patients. RESULTS: The COVID-19 outbreak reduced the number of STEMI cases reported to China Chest Pain Centers. Consistent with China Chest Pain Center's modified STEMI protocol, the percentage of patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention declined while the percentage of patients undergoing thrombolysis increased. With an average delay of approximately 20 min for reperfusion therapy, the rate of in-hospital mortality and in-hospital heart failure increased during the outbreak, but the rate of in-hospital hemorrhage remained stable. CONCLUSIONS: There were reductions in STEMI patients' access to care, delays in treatment timelines, changes in reperfusion strategies, and an increase of in-hospital mortality and heart failure during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Terapia Trombolítica , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inovação Organizacional , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Assistência ao Paciente/métodos , Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Am J Cardiol ; 133: 39-47, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819681

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term impact of early intravenous metoprolol in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in terms of left ventricular (LV) strain with feature-tracking cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and its association with prognosis. A total of 270 patients with first anterior STEMI enrolled in the randomized METOCARD-CNIC clinical trial, assigned to receive up to 15 mg intravenous metoprolol before primary percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional STEMI therapy, were included. LV global circumferential (GCS) and longitudinal (GLS) strain were assessed with feature-tracking CMR at 1 week after STEMI in 215 patients. The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 5-year follow-up was the primary end point. Among 270 patients enrolled, 17 of 139 patients assigned to metoprolol arm and 31 of 131 patients assigned to control arm experienced MACE (hazard ratio [HR] 0.500, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.277 to 0.903; p = 0.022). Impaired LV GCS and GLS strain were significantly associated with increased occurrence of MACE (GCS: HR 1.208, 95% CI 1.076 to 1.356, p =0.001; GLS: HR 1.362, 95% CI 1.180 to 1.573, p < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, LV GLS provided incremental prognostic value over late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (LGE + LVEF chi-square = 12.865, LGE + LVEF + GLS chi-square = 18.459; p =0.012). Patients with GLS ≥-11.5% (above median value) who received early intravenous metoprolol were 64% less likely to experience MACE than their counterparts with same degree of GLS impairment (HR 0.356, 95% CI 0.129 to 0.979; p = 0.045). In conclusion, early intravenous metoprolol has a long-term beneficial prognostic effect, particularly in patients with severely impaired LV systolic function. LV GLS with feature-tracking CMR early after percutaneous coronary intervention offers incremental prognostic value over conventional CMR parameters in risk stratification of STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Metoprolol/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
11.
Clin Med (Lond) ; 20(5): e170-e172, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719037

RESUMO

During the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic the restructure of healthcare services to meet the huge increase in demand for hospital resource and capacity has led to the proposal that where necessary ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) could be managed by intravenous thrombolysis in the first instance as a means of reducing the workforce requirements of a primary angioplasty service run at a heart attack centre. Our modelling, based on data from the UK, shows that contrary to reducing demand, the effect on both mortality and bed occupancy would be negative with 158 additional deaths per year for each 10% reduction in primary angioplasty and at a cost of ~8,000 additional bed days per year for the same reduction. Our analysis demonstrates that specialist services such as heart attack pathways should be protected during the COVID crisis to maximise the appropriate use of resource and prevent unnecessary mortality.


Assuntos
Ocupação de Leitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/prevenção & controle , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Reino Unido
12.
Intern Med ; 59(13): 1597-1603, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612063

RESUMO

Objective In primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the door-to-balloon time (DTBT) is known to be associated with in-hospital death in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, little is known regarding the association between the DTBT and the mid-term clinical outcomes in patients with STEMI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the DTBT and mid-term all-cause death. Methods The study population included 309 STEMI patients, who were divided into the short DTBT (DTBT<60 minutes, n=103), intermediate DTBT (DTBT 60-120 minutes, n=174) and long DTBT (DTBT >120 minutes, n=32) groups. The median follow-up period was 287 days (interquartile range: 182-624 days). Results The incidence of all-cause death in the long DTBT group was significantly higher in comparison to the other groups (p<0.001). In the multivariate Cox regression analysis, although a short DTBT [vs. intermediate DTBT: hazard ratio (HR) 1.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39-2.55, p=0.99] was not associated with all-cause death, a long DTBT (vs. intermediate DTBT: HR 2.80, 95% CI 1.26-6.17, p=0.011) was significantly associated with all-cause death, after controlling for confounding factors such as Killip class 4, an impaired renal function, and the number of diseased vessels. Conclusion The DTBT was significantly associated with the incidence of mid-term all-cause death. Our results support the strong adherence to the DTBT in patients with STEMI.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Angiology ; 71(9): 847-852, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648474

RESUMO

Access site complications are more common with femoral access (FA) than radial access (RA). However, due to the higher rate of failure and crossover, door-to-balloon time (DBT) is prolonged by RA. Records of 3600 patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) between January 2016 and June 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 130 patients with crossover from RA to FA were identified and compared with the data of 501 patients who underwent pPCI with successful RA during 2018. Regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of crossover. Crossover to the femoral approach occurred in 5.9% of our cases. Mean DBT was 17 minutes longer in the crossover group (61 ± 72 minutes vs 78 ± 79 minutes, P = .026). Female sex (odds ratio [OR]: 1.8; 95% CI, 0.99-3.46, P = .046) and anterior myocardial infarction (AntMI; OR: 0.52; 95% CI, 0.33-0.88, P = .007) were independent predictors of crossover. In-hospital mortality rates were significantly higher in the crossover group than in the radial success group (5.4% vs 1.8%, P = .020). Crossover to FA due to radial failure is associated with delayed DBT and increased rate of in-hospital mortality. Female sex and AntMI were primary predictors of crossover.


Assuntos
Artéria Femoral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(6): 352-356, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for primary reperfusion in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has largely been superseded byf primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is estimated to be performed in ≤ 5% of STEMI cases. OBJECTIVES: To compare early CABG (within 30 days following admission) and primary PCI outcomes following STEMI. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients hospitalized with acute STEMI for early reperfusion therapy between January 2008 and June 2016. Short- and long-term outcomes were assessed for patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI vs. early CABG as reperfusion therapy. RESULTS: The study comprised 1660 STEMI patients, 38 of whom (2.3%) underwent CABG within 30 days of presentation. Unadjusted 30-day mortality was more than twice as high in the CABG group (7.5%) than in the PCI group (3.3%); however, it did not reach statistical significance. Similar results were demonstrated for mortality rates beyond 30 days (22% vs. 14%, P = 0.463). All patients undergoing CABG beyond 72 hours following admission survived past 2 years. Multivariate analysis found no differences between the two groups in long-term mortality risk. propensity score matched long-term mortality comparison (30 days-2 years) yielded a 22% mortality rate in the CABG groups compared with 14% in the PCI group (P < 0.293). CONCLUSIONS: Early CABG was performed in only a minority of STEMI patients. This high-risk patient population demonstrated worse outcomes compared to patients undergoing PCI. Performing surgery beyond 72 hours following admission may be associated with lower risk.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(6): e010269, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early risk stratification is essential for in-hospital management of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Acute heart failure confers a worse prognosis, and although lung ultrasound (LUS) is recommended as a first-line test to assess pulmonary congestion, it has never been tested in this setting. Our aim was to evaluate the prognostic ability of admission LUS in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: LUS protocol consisted of 8 scanning zones and was performed before primary percutaneous coronary intervention by an operator blinded to Killip classification. A LUS combined with Killip (LUCK) classification was developed. Receiver operating characteristic and net reclassification improvement analyses were performed to compare LUCK and Killip classifications. RESULTS: We prospectively investigated 215 patients admitted with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction between April 2018 and June 2019. Absence of pulmonary congestion detected by LUS implied a negative predictive value for in-hospital mortality of 98.1% (93.1-99.5%). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the LUCK classification for in-hospital mortality was 0.89 (P=0.001), and of the Killip classification was 0.86 (P<0.001; P=0.05 for the difference between curves). LUCK classification improved Killip ability to predict in-hospital mortality with a net reclassification improvement of 0.18. CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, admission LUS added to Killip classification was more sensitive than physical examination to identify patients at risk for in-hospital mortality. LUCK classification had a greater area under the receiver operating characteristic curve and reclassified Killip classification in 18% of cases. Moreover, absence of pulmonary congestion on LUS provided an excellent negative predictive value for in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Admissão do Paciente , Testes Imediatos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cardiovasc J Afr ; 31(4): 201-204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implementation of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in sub-Saharan Africa remains a challenging issue. The aim of this study was to report the results of primary PCI and outcomes in the catheterisation laboratory of the Abidjan Heart Institute. METHODS: Between April 2010 and March 2019, all patients aged 18 years presenting to the Abidjan Heart Institute for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) over the study period and who underwent primary PCI were included. We considered primary PCI when it was performed within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. Baseline data, PCI characteristics and outcomes were analysed. RESULTS: Among a total of 780 patients hospitalised for STEMI, 471 were admitted within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. One-hundred and sixty six patients underwent primary PCI, with a ratio of primary PCI/STEMI of up to 21.3%. One hundred and six patients (63.9%) were admitted within 12 hours of the onset of symptoms. The femoral approach was the most commonly used (78.3%). Primary PCI was performed with stent implantation in 84.3% of patients. Drug-eluting stents (DES) were used in 42.1% of patients. In most cases, angiographic success was observed (157/166, 94.6%). Non-fatal complications were mainly haematomas (3.6%). Peri-procedural mortality rate was 1.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Primary PCI can be performed safely in some small-volume centres in sub-Saharan Africa. Healthcare policies and regional networks must be encouraged in order to improve management of STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Costa do Marfim , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(6): e010091, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although small trials have detected microvascular obstruction (MVO) with variable frequency following restoration of epicardial blood flow, the independent impact of abnormal microvascular perfusion (MVP) in predicting patient outcome following emergent percutaneous coronary intervention in acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction is unknown. The study aims to determine the impact of abnormal MVP following successful epicardial recanalization in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: MVP was analyzed by low mechanical index ultrasound imaging within 48 hours of emergent percutaneous coronary intervention in 297 patients with acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction who had restoration of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction grade 3 flow in the infarct vessel. Patients were divided into normal segmental replenishment (normal MVP) after high mechanical index impulses versus delayed replenishment but normal plateau intensity (delayed MVP) and both delayed replenishment and reduced plateau intensity (MVO by definition). Demographic variables, left ventricular ejection fraction change, and 5-year follow-up of death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and congestive heart failure were analyzed. RESULTS: MVO was seen in 115 patients (39%), delayed MVP in 124 (42%), and normal MVP in 58 patients (19%). Patients with MVO had significant lower left ventricular ejection fraction change (39±12%) at hospital discharge compared with delayed MVP (50±10%; P=0.003) and normal MVP (57±8%; P<0.0001) groups. The MVO group also did not have an improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction change at 3-month follow-up (36±12% versus 37±13%; P=0.18). Both delayed MVP and MVO were independent predictors of adverse events at follow-up (hazard ratio, 21 [CI, 4-116]; P=0.001 and hazard ratio, 30 [CI, 5-183]; P<0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced or absent MVP following successful percutaneous coronary intervention in acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction is common and associated with significantly worse outcome even with Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 3 flow in the infarct vessel.


Assuntos
Circulação Coronária , Microcirculação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Stents Farmacológicos , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 715-722, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546989

RESUMO

Background: There is little research in the efficacy and safety of a pharmaco-invasive strategy (PIS) in patients ≥75 years versus <75 years of age. We aimed to evaluate and compare the influence of advanced age on the risk of death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients undergoing PIS. Methods: Between January 2010 and November 2016, 14 municipal emergency rooms in São Paulo, Brazil, used full-dose tenecteplase to treat patients with STEMI as part of a pharmaco-invasive strategy for a local network implementation. Results: A total of 1852 patients undergoing PIS were evaluated, of which 160 (9%) were ≥75 years of age. Compared to patients <75 years, those ≥75 years were more often female, had lower body mass index, higher rates of hypertension; higher incidence of hypothyroidism, chronic renal failure, prior stroke, and diabetes. Compared to patients <75 years of age, in-hospital MACE and mortality were higher in patients with ≥75 years (6.5% versus 19.4%; p<0.001; and 4.0% versus 18.2%; p<0.001, respectively). Patients ≥75 years had higher rates of in-hospital major bleeding (2.7% versus 5.6%; p=0.04) and higher incidence of cardiogenic shock (7.0% versus 19.6%; p<0.001). By multivariable analysis, age ≥75 years was independent predictor of MACE (OR 3.57, 95% CI 1.72 to 7.42, p=0.001) and death (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.12-3.82, p=0.020). Conclusion: In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing PIS, age ≥75 years was an independent factor that entailed a 3.5-fold higher MACE and 2-fold higher mortality rate compared to patients <75 years of age.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
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