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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809145

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a cardioprotective neuropeptide expressing its receptors in the cardiovascular system. The aim of our study was to examine tissue PACAP-38 in a translational porcine MI model and plasma PACAP-38 levels in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Significantly lower PACAP-38 levels were detected in the non-ischemic region of the left ventricle (LV) in MI heart compared to the ischemic region of MI-LV and also to the Sham-operated LV in porcine MI model. In STEMI patients, plasma PACAP-38 level was significantly higher before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to controls, and decreased after PCI. Significant negative correlation was found between plasma PACAP-38 and troponin levels. Furthermore, a significant effect was revealed between plasma PACAP-38, hypertension and HbA1c levels. This was the first study showing significant changes in cardiac tissue PACAP levels in a porcine MI model and plasma PACAP levels in STEMI patients. These results suggest that PACAP, due to its cardioprotective effects, may play a regulatory role in MI and could be a potential biomarker or drug target in MI.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Polipeptídeo Hipofisário Ativador de Adenilato Ciclase/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Idoso , Animais , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/genética , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Polipeptídeo Hipofisário Ativador de Adenilato Ciclase/genética , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina/sangue
2.
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab ; 320(3): E539-E550, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459180

RESUMO

Association between receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and postmyocardial infarction (MI) ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in diabetes was investigated. Correlation between premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and serum advanced glycation end products (AGEs) content was analyzed in a cohort consisting of 101 patients with ST-segment elevated MI (STEMI). MI diabetic rats were treated with anti-receptor for AGE (RAGE) antibody. Electrocardiography was used to record VAs. Myocytes were isolated from adjacent area around infracted region. Immunofluorescent stains were used to evaluate the association between FKBP12.6 (FK506-bindingprotein 12.6) and ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2). Calcium sparks were evaluated by confocal microscope. Protein expression and phosphorylation were assessed by Western blotting. Calcineurin (CaN) enzymatic activity and RyR2 channel activity were also determined. In the cohort study, significantly increased amount of PVC was found in STEMI patients with diabetes (P < 0.05). Serum AGE concentration was significantly positively correlated with PVC amount in patients with STEMI (r = 0.416, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that serum AGE concentration was independently and positively related to frequent PVCs (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.09-3.18, P = 0.022). In the animal study, increased glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) expression, protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) phosphorylation, CaN enzymatic activity, FKBP12.6-RyR2 disassociation, RyR2 channel opening, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium releasing were found in diabetic MI animals, which were attenuated by anti-RAGE antibody treatment. This RAGE blocking also significantly lowered the VA amount in diabetic MI animals. Activation of RAGE-dependent ER stress-mediated PERK/CaN/RyR2 signaling participated in post-MI VAs in diabetes.NEW & NOTEWORTHY In this study, we proposed a possible mechanism interpreting the clinical scenario that after myocardial infarction (MI) patients were more vulnerable to ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) when complicated with diabetes. A cohort study revealed that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulated in patients with diabetes and closely associated post-MI VAs. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that receptor for AGEs (RAGE)-dependent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) pathway triggered VAs, via ER calcium releasing, through calcineurin/RyR2 mechanism.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/fisiologia , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Animais , Anticorpos/farmacologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Angiopatias Diabéticas/patologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/agonistas , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/imunologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia
3.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e927958, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Alpha1-microglobulin (A1MG) is a small molecular protein related to oxidation and inflammation. It exists in diverse body fluids, including urine. Results from urine tests are sometimes neglected when predicting in-hospital prognosis. It remains unclear whether urinary A1MG (UA1MG) can predict short-term prognosis of ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 1854 hospitalized patients with acute STEMI were retrospectively enrolled in our study. Medical records were used to obtain patient demographic and clinical information, UA1MG values (which were used to divide patients into groups of low, medium, or high), and other laboratory parameters. Principal clinical outcomes of interest were all-cause in-hospital deaths, cardiac deaths, and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs). RESULTS Among the 1854 enrolled patients, 43 (2.3%) died in the hospital, of which 33 (1.8%) were cardiac deaths. MACEs were noted in 113 patients (6.1%) during hospitalization. The group with the highest UA1MG value showed a significantly higher frequency of in-hospital deaths, cardiac deaths, and MACEs, compared to those of the lowest UA1MG value group (4.4% vs. 1.0%, P<0.001; 3.1% vs. 0.6%, P<0.005; and 8.6% vs. 4.7%, P=0.007, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that UA1MG levels (odds ratio 1.109, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.027-1.197, P=0.008) independently predicted all-cause in-hospital mortality. A UA1MG value of 3.23 mg/dL was considered as an optimal cutoff point in STEMI to predict all-cause mortality after receiver operating characteristic curve analysis (area under the curve 0.73, 95% CI 0.65-0.80, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS The UA1MG value at hospital admission could be an independent prognostic factor of all-cause in-hospital mortality in patients with STEMI.


Assuntos
alfa-Globulinas/urina , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/urina , Idoso , Biomarcadores/urina , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia
4.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther ; 26(3): 203-216, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331160

RESUMO

Although COVID-19 is viewed primarily as a respiratory disease, cardiovascular risk factors and disease are prevalent among infected patients and are associated with worse outcomes. In addition, among multiple extra-pulmonary manifestations, there has been an increasing recognition of specific cardiovascular complications of COVID-19. Despite this, in the initial stages of the pandemic there was evidence of a reduction in patients presenting to acute cardiovascular services. In this masterclass review, with the aid of 2 exemplar cases, we will focus on the important therapeutic implications of COVID-19 for interventional cardiologists. We summarize the existing evidence base regarding the varied cardiovascular presentations seen in COVID-19 positive patients and the prognostic importance and potential mechanisms of acute myocardial injury in this setting. Importantly, through the use of a systematic review of the literature, we focus our discussion on the observed higher rates of coronary thrombus burden in patients with COVID-19 and acute coronary syndromes.


Assuntos
COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Trombose Coronária , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , SARS-CoV-2 , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Trombose/patologia , Troponina/biossíntese
5.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 109, 2020 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture (PR) and plaque erosion (PE) are main causes of acute myocardial infarction with different demographic and histology characteristics and need different treatment strategy. PR and PE can be identified with optical coherence tomography (OCT) accurately, but convenient and effective noninvasive markers for them are rarely found. History of diabetes mellitus (DM) was reported to be a potential predictor of PR in ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients, but the predictive value of other glucose-related variables for it is still uncertain. Present study aimed to clear the relationship between some glucose-related variables and plaque morphology in patients with STEMI. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled 872 STEMI patients and divided them into PR group (n = 616) and PE group (n = 256) based on OCT diagnostic criteria. The relationship of glucose-related variables, including random plasma glucose on admission (ARPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), post-PCI fasting plasma glucose (PFPG), DM history, glucose variable tendency (GVT) and the acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio (A/C), to the PR risk of STEMI patients was analyzed. The correlation between the glucose-related variables and plaque morphology was analyzed meanwhile. RESULTS: Among the glucose-related variables, ARPG and GVT were confirmed to be independent predictors for PR after adjusting for other traditional risk factors in nondiabetic patients. The higher the ARPG level, the more PR risk the STEMI patients had. And high HbA1c and APPG were demonstrated to have a weak and positive correlation with lipid constituents and stenosis degree of culprit vessel. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to HbA1c, DM history, and some other glucose-related variables, ARPG and GVT were risk factors for PR in STEMI patients, especially those without DM. And high HbA1c and ARPG were positively correlated with the development of vulnerable plaque in culprit vessels. Trial registration Present study is a retrospective one and the population came from the EROSION study of our center previously. It was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (Approval reference number, KY2017-249), and all patients provided written informed consent prior to the inclusion in the study and the investigation conformed to the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Ruptura Espontânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 16(2): 158-161, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670477

RESUMO

The incidence of primary cardiac tumors is exceedingly rare, whereas secondary cardiac tumors are more common in the global population. Cardiac involvement is seen in approximately 18% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma at the time of autopsy. Clinical manifestations of cardiac involvement are subtle and often go unrecognized until advanced stages of the disease. We present a rare case of metastatic cardiac lymphoma that presented as an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction complicated by left ventricular free wall rupture and cardiogenic shock due to transmural myocardial necrosis from malignant cell infiltration.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/complicações , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/etiologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/complicações , Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Evolução Fatal , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cardíacas/patologia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/terapia , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/patologia , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/terapia , Humanos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/terapia , Necrose , Recidiva , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia
7.
JAMA ; 324(3): 249-258, 2020 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692386

RESUMO

Importance: Thyroid hormones play a key role in modulating myocardial contractility. Subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with acute myocardial infarction is associated with poor prognosis. Objective: To evaluate the effect of levothyroxine treatment on left ventricular function in patients with acute myocardial infarction and subclinical hypothyroidism. Design, Setting, and Participants: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial conducted in 6 hospitals in the United Kingdom. Patients with acute myocardial infarction including ST-segment elevation and non-ST-segment elevation were recruited between February 2015 and December 2016, with the last participant being followed up in December 2017. Interventions: Levothyroxine treatment (n = 46) commencing at 25 µg titrated to aim for serum thyrotropin levels between 0.4 and 2.5 mU/L or identical placebo (n = 49), both provided in capsule form, once daily for 52 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome measure was left ventricular ejection fraction at 52 weeks, assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, adjusted for age, sex, type of acute myocardial infarction, affected coronary artery territory, and baseline left ventricular ejection fraction. Secondary measures were left ventricular volumes, infarct size (assessed in a subgroup [n = 60]), adverse events, and patient-reported outcome measures of health status, health-related quality of life, and depression. Results: Among the 95 participants randomized, the mean (SD) age was 63.5 (9.5) years, 72 (76.6%) were men, and 65 (69.1%) had ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The median serum thyrotropin level was 5.7 mU/L (interquartile range, 4.8-7.3 mU/L) and the mean (SD) free thyroxine level was 1.14 (0.16) ng/dL. The primary outcome measurements at 52 weeks were available in 85 patients (89.5%). The mean left ventricular ejection fraction at baseline and at 52 weeks was 51.3% and 53.8%, respectively, in the levothyroxine group compared with 54.0% and 56.1%, respectively, in the placebo group (adjusted difference in groups, 0.76% [95% CI, -0.93% to 2.46%]; P = .37). None of the 6 secondary outcomes showed a significant difference between the levothyroxine and placebo treatment groups. There were 15 (33.3%) and 18 (36.7%) cardiovascular adverse events in the levothyroxine and placebo groups, respectively. Conclusions and Relevance: In this preliminary study involving patients with subclinical hypothyroidism and acute myocardial infarction, treatment with levothyroxine, compared with placebo, did not significantly improve left ventricular ejection fraction after 52 weeks. These findings do not support treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Trial Registration: isrctn.org Identifier: http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN52505169.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiroxina/farmacologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/sangue , Hipotireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Hipotireoidismo/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Tamanho da Amostra , Tireotropina/sangue , Tiroxina/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
8.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 44, 2020 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of early intravenous metoprolol treatment, microvascular obstruction (MVO), intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) and adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling on the evolution of infarct and remote zone circumferential strain after acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with feature-tracking cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: A total of 191 patients with acute anterior STEMI enrolled in the METOCARD-CNIC randomized clinical trial were evaluated. LV infarct zone and remote zone circumferential strain were measured with feature-tracking CMR at 1 week and 6 months after STEMI. RESULTS: In the overall population, the infarct zone circumferential strain significantly improved from 1 week to 6 months after STEMI (- 8.6 ± 9.0% to - 14.5 ± 8.0%; P < 0.001), while no changes in the remote zone strain were observed (- 19.5 ± 5.9% to - 19.2 ± 3.9%; P = 0.466). Patients who received early intravenous metoprolol had significantly more preserved infarct zone circumferential strain compared to the controls at 1 week (P = 0.038) and at 6 months (P = 0.033) after STEMI, while no differences in remote zone strain were observed. The infarct zone circumferential strain was significantly impaired in patients with MVO and IMH compared to those without (P < 0.001 at 1 week and 6 months), however it improved between both time points regardless of the presence of MVO or IMH (P < 0.001). In patients who developed adverse LV remodeling (defined as ≥ 20% increase in LV end-diastolic volume) remote zone circumferential strain worsened between 1 week and 6 months after STEMI (P = 0.036), while in the absence of adverse LV remodeling no significant changes in remote zone strain were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Regional LV circumferential strain with feature-tracking CMR allowed comprehensive evaluation of the sequelae of an acute STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention and demonstrated long-lasting cardioprotective effects of early intravenous metoprolol. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01311700. Registered 8 March 2011 - Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/administração & dosagem , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Anterior/terapia , Metoprolol/administração & dosagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Intravenosa , Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Anterior/patologia , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Anterior/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Metoprolol/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(6): e207030, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539151

RESUMO

Importance: Myocardial tissue injury due to acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) initiates an inflammatory response that leads to a release of systemic inflammatory biomarkers, including C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cells, consequently reducing the usefulness of these routine biomarkers for identifying concomitant infections. The clinical role of procalcitonin (PCT), a promising marker of bacterial infection, to detect concomitant infection in acute STEMI is unknown, mainly because it is unclear whether myocardial injury per se induces systemic PCT release. Objective: To investigate the release of serum PCT in the acute setting of STEMI (24 and 48 hours after primary percutaneous coronary intervention) and to elucidate any associations with myocardial injury markers through a comprehensive assessment by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study conducted between 2016 and 2018 included 141 consecutive patients with STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Concentrations of PCT, high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP), and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and white blood cell counts were measured serially 24 and 48 hours after infarct. Exposures: Acute STEMI and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Main Outcomes and Measures: The association of PCT and typical inflammatory marker levels with CMR-determined myocardial damage was assessed. Infarct size, extent of microvascular obstruction, and occurrence of intramyocardial hemorrhage as determined by CMR within the first week following STEMI were also evaluated. Results: In total, 141 patients with STEMI (117 men [83%]) having a median age of 56 years (interquartile range, 50-66 years) were included. The median PCT concentration was 0.07 µg/L (interquartile range, <0.06-0.11 µg/L) 24 hours after intervention and 0.07 µg/L (interquartile range, <0.06-0.09 µg/L) 48 hours after intervention. Whereas hs-CRP and hs-cTnT levels and white blood cell counts were significantly correlated with CMR markers of myocardial damage at both 24 and 48 hours after intervention, the PCT level showed no significant correlation with infarct size (at 24 hours: r = 0.07; P = .40; at 48 hours: r = 0.13; P = .12) or with microvascular obstruction (at 24 hours: r = -0.03; P = .75; at 48 hours: r = 0.09; P = .30). Furthermore, PCT levels at 24 hours (odds ratio, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.63-2.48; P = .52) and 48 hours (odds ratio, 1.56; 95% CI, 0.72-3.41; P = .26) were not significantly associated with the presence of intramyocardial hemorrhage. Conclusions and Relevance: In the acute phase after percutaneous coronary intervention for STEMI, circulating PCT levels remained unassociated with the extent of myocardial and microvascular tissue damage as visualized by CMR imaging.


Assuntos
Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
10.
Am Heart J ; 223: 87-97, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evolution and clinical impact of cardiac remodeling after large ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not well delineated in the current therapeutic era. METHODS: The PRESERVATION I trial longitudinally assessed cardiac structure and function in STEMI patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Echocardiograms were performed immediately post-PCI and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after STEMI. The extent of cardiac remodeling was assessed in patients with ejection fraction (EF) ≤ 40% after PCI. Patients were stratified by the presence or absence of reverse remodeling, defined as an increase in end-diastolic volume (EDV) of ≤10 mL or decrease in EDV at 1 month, and evaluated for an association with adverse events at 1 year. RESULTS: Of the 303 patients with large STEMI enrolled in PRESERVATION I, 225 (74%) had at least moderately reduced systolic function (mean EF 32 ±â€¯5%) immediately after primary PCI. In the following year, there were significant increases in EF and LV volumes, with the greatest magnitude of change occurring in the first month. At 1 month, 104 patients (46%) demonstrated reverse remodeling, which was associated with a significantly lower rate of death, recurrent myocardial infarction and repeat cardiovascular hospitalization at 1 year (HR 0.44; 95% CI: 0.19-0.99). CONCLUSION: Reduced EF after large STEMI and primary PCI is common in the current therapeutic era. The first month following primary reperfusion is a critical period during which the greatest degree of cardiac remodeling occurs. Patients demonstrating early reverse remodeling have a significantly lower rate of adverse events in the year after STEMI.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Remodelação Ventricular , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 145(5): 318-326, 2020 03.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120407

RESUMO

The 12-lead resting ECG remains an indispensable diagnostic tool in patients with acute chest pain. This is particularly important as the identification of ST-segment elevations leads to the diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and subsequent, immediate coronary reperfusion (usually via primary PCI). However, correct interpretation of the 12-lead ECG in patients with acute chest pain remains challenging. Apart from "classical" ST-segment elevations there are several "equivalents" in the ECG pointing towards an acute coronary occlusion. Among these, hyperacute T-waves, subtle ST-segment elevations, ST-segment elevation in leads aVR/V1 with concomitant ST-segment depression in ≥ 8 other leads and high R-peak with positive T-waves combined with horizontal ST-segment depression in leads V1/V2 can be found. This article provides a case-based presentation of STEMI equivalents on the ECG in order to improve correct ECG interpretation and prognosis of such patients.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento
12.
Cardiovasc Pathol ; 47: 107203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126495

RESUMO

A 62-year-old male patient was pronounced dead on admission to the tertiary care hospital. The victim had right ventricular STEMI three years ago. The autopsy showed pericardial tamponade due to the rupture of an acute myocardial infarction of the right ventricle.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Autopsia , Tamponamento Cardíaco/patologia , Causas de Morte , Evolução Fatal , Fibrose , Ruptura Cardíaca Pós-Infarto/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5099, 2020 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198366

RESUMO

An increasing body of evidence has implicated the innate immune system in the causation of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are newly identified members of the lymphoid lineage that are important effectors of innate immunity. The role of ILCs in STEMI has not been explored. We characterized the ILCs present in peripheral blood of 176 STEMI patients and 52 controls. Patients were followed up for up to 23 months. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of total ILCs and ILC1s were significantly increased compared with controls; contrary to ILC1s, the proportion of ILC2s among total ILCs decreased significantly during the acute phase of STEMI. ILC1s percentage was an independent predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). On multivariate Cox regression, the 3rd tertile of ILC1s was associated with a higher MACE rate compared with the 1st tertile (hazard ratio: 2.26; 95% confidence interval 1.56-3.27; P = 0.014). RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) revealed increased expressions of interferon-γ, tumor necrosis factor-α, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1), and matrix metallopeptidase 9. Moreover, as active factors secreted by ILC1s, levels of interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-18 were significantly increased in STEMI patients. Increased ILC1s in patients with STEMI was associated with poor outcomes. Our findings suggest that ILC1s may play an important role in STEMI.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/genética , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/classificação , Macrófagos/citologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/citologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/sangue , Molécula 1 de Adesão de Célula Vascular/genética
14.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228736, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053651

RESUMO

In all patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, risk stratification should be performed before discharge. The measurement of therapy efficiency with magnetic resonance imaging has been proposed as part of the risk assessment, but it has not been adopted widely. This meta-analysis was conducted to summarize published data on the prognostic value of the proportion of salvaged myocardium inside previously ischemic myocardium (myocardial salvage index) measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Random and mixed effects models were used for analyzing the data of 10 studies with 2,697 patients. The pooled myocardial salvage index, calculated as the proportion of non-necrotic myocardium inside edematous myocardium measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement MRI, was 43.0% (95% confidence interval: 37.4, 48.6). The pooled length of follow-up was 12.3 months (95% confidence interval: 7.0, 17.6). The pooled incidence of major cardiac events during follow-up, defined as cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or admission for heart failure, was 10.6% (95% confidence interval: 5.7, 15.5). The applied mixed effects model showed an absolute decrease of 1.7% in the incidence of major cardiac events during follow-up (95% confidence interval: 1.6, 1.9) with every 1% of increase in the myocardial salvage index. The heterogeneity between studies was considerable (τ = 21.3). Analysis of aggregated follow-up data after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction suggests that the myocardial salvage index measured by T2-weighted and T1-weighted late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging provides prognostic information on the risk of major cardiac events, but considerable heterogeneity exists between studies.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste/química , Gadolínio/química , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Humanos , Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 3, 2020 01 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial recovery after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction is variable and the extent and severity of injury are difficult to predict. We sought to investigate the role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance T1 mapping in the determination of myocardial injury very early after treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: STEMI patients underwent 3 T cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), within 3 h of primary percutaneous intervention (PPCI). T1 mapping determined the extent (area-at-risk as %left ventricle, AAR) and severity (average T1 values of AAR) of acute myocardial injury, and related these to late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), and microvascular obstruction (MVO). The characteristics of myocardial injury within 3 h was compared with changes at 24-h to predict final infarct size. RESULTS: Forty patients were included in this study. Patients with average T1 values of AAR ≥1400 ms within 3 h of PPCI had larger LGE at 24-h (33% ±14 vs. 18% ±10, P = 0.003) and at 6-months (27% ±9 vs. 12% ±9; P < 0.001), higher incidence and larger extent of MVO (85% vs. 40%, P = 0.016) & [4.0 (0.5-9.5)% vs. 0 (0-3.0)%, P = 0.025]. The average T1 value was an independent predictor of acute LGE (ß 0.61, 95%CI 0.13 to 1.09; P = 0.015), extent of MVO (ß 0.22, 95%CI 0.03 to 0.41, P = 0.028) and final infarct size (ß 0.63, 95%CI 0.21 to 1.05; P = 0.005). Receiver-operating-characteristic analysis showed that T1 value of AAR obtained within 3-h, but not at 24-h, predicted large infarct size (LGE > 9.5%) with 100% positive predictive value at the optimal cut-off of 1400 ms (area-under-the-curve, AUC 0.88, P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Hyper-acute T1 values of the AAR (within 3 h post PPCI, but not 24 h) predict a larger extent of MVO and infarct size at both 24 h and 6 months follow-up. Delayed CMR scanning for 24 h could not substitute the significant value of hyper-acute average T1 in determining infarct characteristics.


Assuntos
Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meglumina/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organometálicos/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 7164069, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976033

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical significance of microRNA-375 in acute myocardial infarction patients and its mimic action in hypoxia/reoxygenation- (H/R-) induced ventricular cardiomyocyte H9c2 injury. In the current study, 90 ST-elevated acute MI patients (STEMI), 75 non-ST-elevated acute MI patients (NSTEMI), 90 healthy subjects, 14 weeks old mice, and ventricular cardiomyocyte H9c2 were included. The expressions of plasma microRNA-375 in patients with STEMI and NSTEMI and AMI mouse models were remarkably decreased than in controls (P < 0.001). The areas under the curve (AUC) of plasma microRNA-375 were revealed 0.939 in STEMI and 0.935 in NSTEMI subjects. Moreover, microRNA-375 levels in H/R-exposed cardiac H9c2 cells were evidently downregulated and significantly increased apoptosis rate and caspase-3 activity levels, while overexpression of miR-375 remarkably reduced apoptosis percentage and caspase-3 levels as compared with normal cells. Furthermore, this study also demonstrated that Nemo-like kinase (NLK), NLK mRNA, and protein expression levels were significantly downregulated in H/R-injured H9c2 cells, on the contrary, H9c2 cells transfected with mimic-miR-375 greatly upregulated NLK mRNA and protein expression. Plasma microRNA-375 may serve as an essential clinical biomarker for diagnosis of early-stage AMI. Mimic expression of miR-375 significantly prevented H/R-induced cardiomyocyte injury by decreasing caspase-3 activity through upregulation of the NLK gene, recommended as a new therapeutic option for AMI patient.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/metabolismo , Animais , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia
18.
Clin Chem ; 66(1): 247-256, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Failed myocardial reperfusion occurs in approximately 50% of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). It manifests as microvascular obstruction (MVO) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Although prognostically important, MVO is not routinely screened for. Our aim was to investigate the kinetics of circulating short noncoding ribonucleic acids [microRNAs (miRNAs)] following PPCI and their association with MVO in STEMI patients. METHODS: Screening of 2083 miRNAs in plasma from STEMI patients with (n = 6) and without (n = 6) MVO was performed by next-generation sequencing. Two candidate miRNAs were selected and quantified at 13 time points within 3 h postreperfusion in 20 STEMI patients by reverse transcription and quantitative PCR. Subsequently, these 2 miRNAs were measured in a "validation" STEMI cohort (n = 50) that had CMR imaging performed at baseline and 3 months post-PPCI to evaluate their association with MVO. RESULTS: miR-1 and miR-133b were rapidly released following PPCI in a monophasic or biphasic pattern. Both miRNAs were enriched in circulating microparticles. A second miR-1 peak (90-180 min postreperfusion) seemed to be associated with a higher index of microvascular resistance. In addition, miR-1 and miR-133b levels at 90 min post-PPCI were approximately 3-fold (P = 0.001) and 4.4-fold (P = 0.008) higher in patients with MVO, respectively. Finally, miR-1 was significantly increased in a subgroup of patients with worse left ventricular (LV) functional recovery 3 months post-PPCI. CONCLUSIONS: miR-1 and miR-133b levels increase within 3 h of PPCI. They are positively associated with MVO and worse LV functional recovery post-PPCI.


Assuntos
MicroRNA Circulante/metabolismo , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Cinética , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , MicroRNAs/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(1): 161-170, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451993

RESUMO

Data on the efficacy of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are limited. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the impact of ELCA on myocardial salvage using nuclear scintigraphy in patients with STEMI. Between September 2014 and April 2017, we retrospectively enrolled 316 consecutive patients undergoing primary PCI (p-PCI) after their first STEMI in our institute. Of those, 72 patients with STEMI, an initial thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow-0/1, and an onset to balloon time (OBT) < 6 h were included (ELCA, n = 32; non-ELCA, n = 40). The endpoint was the myocardial salvage index (MSI) based on a 17-segment model with a 5-point scoring system. MSI was calculated as: MSI = (∑123I-BMIPP defect score at 3-7 days after p-PCI - ∑99mTc-tetrofosmin defect score at 3-6 months after p-PCI)/∑123I-BMIPP defect score × 100 (%) at 3-7 days after p-PCI. The groups were compatible except in age (ELCA: 62.9 ± 12.4 years vs. non-ELCA: 69.8 ± 11.0 years) and loading antiplatelet drug (prasugrel: 100% vs. 40.0%). Direct implantation of shorter stents more frequently occurred in the ELCA group than in the non-ELCA group. MSI seemed to be better in the ELCA group compared with the non-ELCA group (57.6% vs. 45.6%, p = 0.09). This trend was emphasized when the final TIMI-3 flow was achieved (67.1% vs. 45.7%, p = 0.01). The nuclear scintigraphy results showed that ELCA can potentially improve myocardial salvage in patients with STEMI with OBT < 6 h and initial TIMI flow-0/1.


Assuntos
Aterectomia Coronária/instrumentação , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Miocárdio/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Iodobenzenos/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organofosforados/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Organotecnécio/administração & dosagem , Seleção de Pacientes , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am J Emerg Med ; 38(1): 79-82, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005391

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Some studies suggest better outcomes after the use of thrombolytics in inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to other locations. The goal of this study is to compare the clinical endpoints of thrombolytic-treated STEMI based on coronary artery distribution. METHODS: The study population was extracted from the 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Data using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modifications codes for STEMI, thrombolytic infusion, and complications of STEMI. Primary study endpoints included in-hospital all-cause mortality, length of hospital stay (LOS), cardiogenic shock, and mechanical complications of STEMI. RESULTS: A principal diagnosis of thrombolytic-treated STEMI was identified for in 1231 patients (mean age 61.5 years; 26.5% female). Four hundred and thirty-one STEMIs occurred in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery distribution, 124 in the left circumflex (LCX) artery distribution, and 676 in the right coronary artery (RCA) distribution. In comparison to the LAD and LCX distributions, thrombolytic-treated STEMIs in the RCA distribution were associated with lower mortality (6.5% with LAD, 5.7% with LCX, and 3.6% with RCA; p = 0.02), fewer cardiogenic shock (12.3% with LAD, 12.1% with LCX, and 7.7% with RCA; p = 0.01), and shorter LOS (4.5 days with LAD, 3.9 with LCX, and 3.6 days with RCA; p < 0.01). Mechanical complications showed no significant difference based on coronary distribution (2.3% with LAD, 3.2% with LCX, and 1.2% with RCA; p = 0.17). CONCLUSIONS: Thrombolytic-treated STEMIs in the RCA distribution were associated with lower in-hospital all-cause mortality, cardiogenic shock, and shorter LOS. Mechanical complications were not different based on coronary distribution.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia
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