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1.
Open Heart ; 8(1)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the prevalence and outcome of occult infection with SARS-CoV-2 and influenza in patients presenting with myocardial infarction (MI) without COVID-19 symptoms. METHODS: We conducted an observational study from 28 June to 11 August 2020, enrolling patients admitted to the National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation MI who did not meet WHO criteria for suspected COVID-19. Samples were collected by nasopharyngeal swab to test for SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR. We followed up patients at 3 months (13 weeks) postadmission to record adverse cardiovascular outcomes: all-cause death, new MI, heart failure and new percutaneous coronary intervention or stent thrombosis. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: We enrolled 280 patients with MI, 79% male, mean age 54.5±11.8 years, 140 of whom were diagnosed with STEMI. We found 36 (13%) to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 and 1 with influenza. There was no significant difference between mortality rate observed among SARS-CoV-2 infected patients compared with non-infected (5 (14%) vs 26 (11%); p=0.564). A numerically shorter median time to a recurrent cardiovascular event was recorded among SARS-CoV-2 infected compared with non-infected patients (21 days, IQR: 8-46 vs 27 days, IQR: 7-44; p=0.378). CONCLUSION: We found a substantial rate of occult SARS-CoV-2 infection in the studied cohort, suggesting SARS-CoV-2 may precipitate MI. Asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 admitted with MI may contribute to disease transmission and warrants widespread testing of hospital admissions.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Doenças não Diagnosticadas , Adulto , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , /mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 18-24, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454349

RESUMO

Discrepancies in medical care are well known to adversely affect patients with opioid abuse disorders (OUD), including management and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with OUD. We used the National Inpatient Sample was queried from January 2006 to September 2015 to identify all patients ≥18 years admitted with a primary diagnosis of AMI (weighted N = 13,030; unweighted N = 2,670) and concomitant OUD. Patients using other nonopiate illicit drugs were excluded. Propensity matching (1:1) yielded 2,253 well-matched pairs in which intergroup comparison of invasive revascularization strategies and cardiac outcomes were performed. The prevalence of OUD patients with AMI over the last decade has doubled, from 163 (2006) to 326 cases (2015) per 100,000 admissions for AMI. The OUD group underwent less cardiac catheterization (63.2% vs 72.2%; p <0.001), percutaneous coronary intervention (37.0% vs 48.5%; p <0.001) and drug-eluting stent placement (32.3% vs 19.5%; p <0.001) compared with non-OUD. No differences in in-hospital mortality/cardiogenic shock were noted. Among subgroup of ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients (26.2% of overall cohort), the OUD patients were less likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention (67.9% vs 75.5%; p = 0.002), drug-eluting stent (31.4% vs 47.9%; p <0.001) with a significantly higher mortality (7.4% vs 4.3%), and cardiogenic shock (11.7% vs 7.9%). No differences in the frequency of coronary bypass grafting were noted in AMI or its subgroups. In conclusion, OUD patients presenting with AMI receive less invasive treatment compared with those without OUD. OUD patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction have worse in-hospital outcomes with increased mortality and cardiogenic shock.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
4.
Angiology ; 72(1): 32-43, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787614

RESUMO

Data on spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is based on European and North American registries. We assessed the prevalence, epidemiology, and outcomes of patients presenting with SCAD in Arab Gulf countries. Patients (n = 83) were diagnosed with SCAD based on angiographic and intravascular imaging whenever available. Thirty centers in 4 Arab Gulf countries (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Bahrain) were involved from January 2011 to December 2017. In-hospital (myocardial infarction [MI], percutaneous coronary intervention, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, cardiogenic shock, death, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement, dissection extension) and follow-up (MI, de novo SCAD, death, spontaneous superior mesenteric artery dissection) cardiac events were recorded. Median age was 44 (37-55) years, 42 (51%) were females and 28.5% were pregnancy-associated (21.4% were multiparous). Of the patients, 47% presented with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, 49% with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction, 12% had left main involvement, 43% left anterior descending, 21.7% right coronary, 9.6% left circumflex, and 9.6% multivessel; 52% of the SCAD were type 1, 42% type 2, 3.6% type 3, and 2.4% multitype; 40% managed medically, 53% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 7% underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Females were more likely than males to experience overall (in-hospital and follow-up) adverse cardiovascular events (P = .029).


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/congênito , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/terapia
5.
Am J Cardiol ; 143: 21-28, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359193

RESUMO

Prior studies in patients with noncomplex coronary artery disease have demonstrated the safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the outpatient setting. We sought to examine the outcomes of outpatient PCI in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). In the EXCEL trial, 1905 patients with LMCAD and site-assessed low or intermediate SYNTAX scores were randomized to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus coronary artery bypass grafting. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; the composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction). In this sub-analysis, outcomes at 30 days and 5 years were analyzed according to whether PCI was performed in the outpatient versus inpatient setting. Among 948 patients with LMCAD assigned to PCI, 935 patients underwent PCI as their first procedure, including 100 (10.7%) performed in the outpatient setting. Patients who underwent outpatient compared with inpatient PCI were less likely to have experienced recent myocardial infarction. Distal left main bifurcation disease involvement and SYNTAX scores were similar between the groups. Comparing outpatient to inpatient PCI, there were no significant differences in MACE at 30 days (4.0% vs 5.0% respectively, adjusted OR 0.52 95% CI 0.12 to 2.22; p = 0.38) or 5 years (20.6% vs 22.1% respectively, adjusted OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.40 to 1.29; p = 0.27). Similar results were observed in patients with distal left main bifurcation lesions. In conclusion, in the EXCEL trial, outpatient PCI of patients with LMCAD was not associated with an excess early or late hazard of MACE. These data suggest that outpatient PCI may be safely performed in select patients with LMCAD.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Hospitalização , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso , Angina Estável/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
6.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243385, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362198

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Blacks are more likely to live in poverty and be uninsured, and are less likely to undergo revascularization after am acute myocardial infarction compared to whites. The objective of this study was to determine whether Medicaid expansion was associated with a reduction in revascularization disparities in patients admitted with an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Retrospective analysis study using data (2010-2018) from hospitals participating in the University Health Systems Consortium, now renamed the Vizient Clinical Database. Comparative interrupted time series analysis was used to compare changes in the use of revascularization therapies (PCI and CABG) in white versus non-Hispanic black patients hospitalized with either ST-segment elevation (STEMI) or non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarctions (NSTEMI) after Medicaid expansion. RESULTS: The analytic cohort included 68,610 STEMI and 127,378 NSTEMI patients. The percentage point decrease in the uninsured rate for STEMIs and NSTEMIs was greater for blacks in expansion states compared to whites in expansion states. For patients with STEMIs, differences in black versus white revascularization rates decreased by 2.09 percentage points per year (95% CI, 0.29-3.88, P = 0.023) in expansion versus non-expansion states after adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics. Black patients hospitalized with STEMI in non-expansion states experienced a 7.24 percentage point increase in revascularization rate in 2014 (95% CI, 2.83-11.7, P < 0.001) but did not experience significant annual percentage point increases in the rate of revascularization in subsequent years (1.52; 95% CI, -0.51-3.55, P = 0.14) compared to whites in non-expansion states. Medicaid expansion was not associated with changes in the revascularization rate for either blacks or whites hospitalized with NSTEMIs. CONCLUSION: Medicaid expansion was associated with greater reductions in the number of uninsured blacks compared to uninsured whites. Medicaid expansion was not associated, however, with a reduction in revascularization disparities between black and white patients admitted with acute myocardial infarctions.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Afro-Americanos , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia , Hospitalização/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Medicaid , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Revascularização Miocárdica/economia , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Pobreza , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/economia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
7.
Am J Cardiol ; 134: 24-31, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892989

RESUMO

Clinical trials have shown improved outcomes with an early invasive approach for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). However, real-world data on clinical characteristics and outcomes based on time to revascularization are lacking. We aimed to analyze NSTEMI rates, revascularization timing, and mortality using the 2016 Nationwide Readmissions Database. We identify patients who underwent diagnostic angiography and subsequently received either percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Finally, revascularization timing and mortality rates (in-hospital and 30-day) were extracted. Our analysis included 748,463 weighted NSTEMI hospitalizations in 2016. Of these hospitalizations, 50.3% (376,695) involved diagnostic angiography, with 34.1% (255,199) revascularized. Of revascularized patients, 77.6% (197,945) underwent PCI and 22.4% (57,254) underwent CABG. Patients with more comorbidities tended to have more delayed revascularization. PCI was most commonly performed on the day of admission (32.9%; 65,155). This differs from CABG, which was most commonly performed on day 3 after admission (13.7%; 7,823). The in-hospital mortality rate increased after day 1 for PCI patients and after day 4 for CABG patients, whereas 30-day in-hospital mortality for both populations increased as revascularization was delayed. Our study shows that patients undergoing early revascularization differ from those undergoing later revascularization. Mortality is generally high with delayed revascularization, as these are sicker patients. Randomized clinical trials are needed to evaluate whether very early revascularization (<90 minutes) is associated with improved long-term outcomes in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Angiografia Coronária , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105036, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807448

RESUMO

AIM: To study the effect of cognitive function, fatigue and emotional symptoms on employment after a minor ischemic stroke compared to non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 217 patients with minor ischemic stroke and 133 NSTEMI patients employed at baseline aged 18-70 years. Minor stroke was defined as modified Rankin scale (mRS) 0-2 at day seven or at discharge if before. Included NSTEMI patients had the same functional mRS. We applied a selection of cognitive tests and the patients completed questionnaires measuring symptoms of anxiety, depression and fatigue at follow up. Stroke patients were tested at three and 12 months and NSTEMI at 12 months. RESULTS: The patients still employed at 12 monthswere significantly younger than the unemployed patients and the NSTEMI patients employed were significantly older than the stroke patients (59 vs 55 years, p < .001). In total, 82 % of stroke patients and 90 % of the NSTEMI patients employed at baseline were still employed at 12 months (p = 06). Stroke patients at work after 12 months had higher education than unemployed patients. There were no difference between employed and unemployed patients in risk factors or location of cerebral ischemic lesions. Cognitive function did not change significantly in the stroke patients from three to 12 months. For stroke patients, we found a significant association between HADS-depression and unemployment at 12 months (p = 04), although this association was not present at three months. Lower age and higher educational level were associated with employment at 12 months for all patients. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Age and education are the main factors influencing the ability to stay in work after a minor stroke. Employed stroke patients were younger than the NSTEMI patients, but there was no difference in the frequencies in remaining employed. The employment rate at 12 months was high despite the relatively high prevalence of cognitive impairment in both groups.


Assuntos
Cognição , Emoções , Emprego/psicologia , Fadiga/psicologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Escolaridade , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Noruega/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Desemprego/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Indian Heart J ; 72(3): 192-193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768020

RESUMO

There has been a huge impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global healthcare systems. Advisories across the world have appealed to people to stay at home and observe social distancing to slow down the pandemic. However it is important to realize as to how this is affecting acute cardiovascular care. Recent studies from Europe and USA have reported > 50% reduction in hospital admissions for ACS and declining rates of coronary interventions. The possible reasons for this noticeable reduction in patients with ACS/STEMI during the COVID-19 pandemic are multi-factorial. On one hand, it is due to change in thresholds for referring patients of ACS/STEMI for cardiac catheterization, with fibrinolysis being acceptable for many stable STEMI patients and conservative management being preferred for NSTEMI patients. Theories abound on how "staying at home" strategy may have led to an reduction in acute coronary events due to healthier lifestyle, better compliance and reduced stress. Realistically however, a more disquieting reason would be a "pseudo-reduction" ie. the incidence of ACS/STEMI is actually the same, but these patients are staying away from hospitals due to fear of contracting the infection. Lockdown restrictions have also limited transport options for patients seeking to reach hospitals in time. Healthcare systems need to be prepared for an anticipated downstream deluge of such untreated patients who may present with sequelae like heart failure, reinfarction, arrhythmias, mechanical complications etc. Scientific societies should have proactive campaigns to alleviate patient concerns, and encourage them to seek timely medical attention despite the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Estados Unidos
10.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(6-7): 443-447, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is affecting management of myocardial infarction is a matter of concern, as medical resources have been massively reorientated and the population has been in lockdown since 17 March 2020 in France. AIMS: To describe how lockdown has affected the evolution of the weekly rate of myocardial infarctions (non-ST-segment and ST-segment elevation) hospital admissions in Lyon, the second largest city in France. To verify the trend observed, the same analysis was conducted for an identical time window during 2018-2019 and for an unavoidable emergency, i.e. birth. METHODS: Based on the national hospitalisation database [Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information (PMSI)], all patients admitted to the main public hospitals for a principal diagnosis of myocardial infarction or birth during the 2nd to the 14th week of 2020 were included. These were compared with the average number of patients admitted for the same diagnosis during the same time window in 2018 and 2019. RESULTS: Before lockdown, the number of admissions for myocardial infarction in 2020 differed from that in 2018-2019 by less than 10%; after the start of lockdown, it decreased by 31% compared to the corresponding time window in 2018-2019. Conversely, the numbers of births remained stable across years and before and after the start of lockdown. CONCLUSION: This study strongly suggests a decrease in the number of admissions for myocardial infarction during lockdown. Although we do not have a long follow-up to determine whether this trend will endure, this is an important warning for the medical community and health authorities.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Virulência
11.
Angiology ; 71(10): 894-902, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643400

RESUMO

The prevalence of coronary artery disease is increasing in young adults. We evaluated the outcomes of different types of acute coronary syndrome in 917 patients undergoing coronary angiography aged ≤45 years. Male sex, smoking, dyslipidemia were the most important risk factors. ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; 54.8%) predominated. The STEMI patients had higher risk of hospital mortality (3.6% vs 0.6%; P = .004) and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; 13.8% vs 3.3%; P < .001, hazard ratio [HR], 4.65; 95% CI, 2.45-8.82). Presentation heart rate, blood pressure, heart failure, shock, arrhythmia, ejection fraction (EF), diabetes, contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), and elevated troponin were associated with hospital mortality and MACCE. But only heart failure (HR, 5.816; 95% CI, 2.254-15.008) and CIN (HR, 6.241; 95% CI, 2.340-16.641) were independent risk factors for hospital MACCE. There was no difference in long-term mortality between the 2 groups, but non-STEMI patients had higher risk for MACCE after 3 years (14.4% vs 9.9%, P = .033). Although shock (HR, 0.814; 95% CI, 0.699-0.930), Killip class ≥2 (HR, 0.121; 95% CI, 0.071-0.170), CIN (HR, 0.323; 95% CI, 0.265-0.380), and EF (HR, 0.917; 95% CI, 0.854-0.984) were independent predictors of hospital death, only EF was the independent predictor of long-term mortality (HR, 0.897; 95% CI, 0.852-0.944).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia
12.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 28-34, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650921

RESUMO

Involvement of atherosclerosis in extracardiac vascular territories may identify coronary artery disease (CAD) patients at higher risk for adverse events. We investigated the long-term prognostic implications of polyvascular disease in patients with CAD, and further analyzed lipid goal attainment and its relation to patient outcomes. The study was a retrospective analysis of 10,297 patients who underwent coronary revascularization, categorized as having CAD alone (83.1%) or with multisite artery disease (MSAD) (16.9%) including cerebrovascular disease (CBVD) and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD). Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HR) for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or all-cause death) according to vascular territories involved, and in relation to most-recent lipid levels attained, were analyzed. Patients with MSAD were older with higher burden of co-morbidities. The rate of MACE (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or all-cause death) and its individual components increased with the number of affected vascular beds. Adjusted HR (95% confidence interval) for MACE was 1.41 (1.24 to 1.59) in patients with CAD and CBVD, 1.46 (1.33 to 1.62) in CAD and PAD, and 1.69 (1.49 to 1.92) in those with CAD and CBVD and PAD, compared with CAD alone. Most-recent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels <55 mg/dl and <70 mg/dl were attained by 21.8% and 44.6% of patients with CAD alone, in comparison to 22.7% and 43.3% in MSAD. Compared with patients with most-recent LDL-C > 100 mg/dl, attaining LDL-C < 70 mg/dl had an adjusted HR for MACE of 0.52 (0.47 to 0.57) in CAD only patients and 0.66 (0.57 to 0.78) in MSAD patients. In conclusion, the presence of CBVD and/or PAD in patients with CAD is associated with higher burden of co-morbidities and progressive increase in long-term MACE. More than half of CAD patients with or without MSAD do not achieve lipid goals, which are associated with a significantly lower risk for adverse events.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Hipercolesterolemia/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Israel/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
13.
Am Heart J ; 226: 147-151, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569892

RESUMO

The COVID-19 virus is a devastating pandemic that has impacted the US healthcare system significantly. More than one study reported a significant decrease in acute coronary syndrome admissions during that pandemic which is still due to unknown reasons. METHODS: This is a retrospective non-controlled multi-centered study of 180 patients (117 males and 63 females) with acute coronary syndrome (STEMI and NSTEMI) admitted during March/April of 2019 and March/April 2020 in Upstate New York. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients (61.9% males, 38.1% females) with a mean age of 72.3 ±â€¯14.2 presented during March/April 2019 with ACS (STEMI + NSTEMI) while only 67 (70.1% males, 29.9% females) COVID-19 negative patients with a mean age of 65.1 ±â€¯14.5 presented during the same period (March/April) in 2020. This is a drop by 40.7% (P < .05) of total ACS cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. In NSTEMI patients, 36.4% presented late (>24 hours of symptoms) during the COVID-19 pandemic in comparison with 2019 (27.1%, P = .033). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic led to a substantial drop by 40.7% (P < .05) of total ACS admissions in our area. This decrease in hospital admissions and late presentations can be a worrisome sign for an increase in future complications of myocardial infarctions.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New York/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233272, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) in patients aged 80 or older in Vietnam. AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics of patients aged≥80 with NSTE-ACS in Vietnam, and to examine the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on adverse outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged ≥80 with a diagnosis of NSTE-ACS admitted to two tertiary hospitals in Vietnam from 12/2018 to 06/2019 were recruited. The major outcomes were: (1) the composite of all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction and stroke, (2) re-admission rate during 3 months. Cox proportional-hazards regressions were conducted to examine the impact of PCI on the study outcomes, with results presented as hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: There were 120 participants, mean age 84.8 ± 3.8, 50% were female. Angiography and PCI were performed in 42 participants (35.0%). Most of the participants had multimorbidity and multiple coronary vessel disease. Compared to participants who did not receive PCI, participants who received PCI had significantly lower rates of adverse events during hospitalisation and during 3 months of follow up. Cox proportional hazards models adjusted to age and GRACE score show that PCI was significantly associated with reduced the composite outcome of all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction and stroke during 3 months follow-up (adjusted HR 0.32, 95%CI 0.12-0.86). PCI was also associated with reduced re-admission. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of PCI was low in the very elderly patients with NSTE-ACS in this study, although PCI was significantly associated with reduced adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Vietnã/epidemiologia
17.
Tunis Med ; 98(1): 70-79, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32395780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strain has shown a promising diagnostic and prognostic value in acute coronary syndromes. With, however, less data in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSEMI). AIM: to evaluate in NSTEMI patients, the ability of strain to predict the severity of the disease, by assessing correlations to established prognostic parameters, and to predict culprit and occluded coronary arteries (CA). Secondary, to determine factors associated to strain changes during follow-up. METHODS: The study was prospective, NSTEMI patients with significant coronary lesion and without significant non-ischaemic disease were included. Angiographic and echocardiographic investigation including global (GLS) and territorial (TLS) longitudinal strain were performed within 24h from admission. Syntax I score was calculated. Severe coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined by left main of three-vessel disease. RESULTS: Seventy NSTEMI patients aged 60.2±10.1 years were enrolled; 61% were smokers, 54% diabetics and 46% hypertensive. 34% had a severe CAD, 7% had an acute coronary occlusion (ACO) and 14% a chronic coronary total occlusion (CTO). GLS >-15.3% predicted a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% with 80% Sensitivity (Se) and 78% Specificity (Sp). GLS was associated to CAD complexity and severity. GLS > -14.1% detected severe CAD with 83% Se and 80%Sp. TLS determined the culprit artery in 74% of cases and TLS > -9.2% predicted ACO with 85% Se and 85% Sp. TLS was also associated to CTO. At a 10 months median follow-up [3-12months], GLS significantly improved, baseline LVEF, GLS, wall motion score index and revascularization were the predictors of this improvement. CONCLUSION: In NSTEMI patients, GLS detected severe CAD and poor myocardial function. TLS predicted the culprit vessel and its occlusion. GLS improvement at midterm was predicted by baseline systolic LV function parameters and myocardial revascularization.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Cardiovascular , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Teste de Esforço , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
18.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 6760205, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411301

RESUMO

Aim: The marked variation in bifurcation anatomy has brought about an ongoing search for stents specifically constructed for coronary bifurcations. This study aimed to analyze the angiographic restenosis prevalence and patterns and predictors of different patterns in dedicated bifurcation BiOSS® vs. current generation drug-eluting stents implanted in coronary bifurcation lesions based on data from two clinical trials POLBOS I and II. Methods: Dedicated bifurcation BiOSS® stents were compared with drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or nonST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) (POLBOS I: paclitaxel eluting BiOSS® Expert vs. DES; POLBOS II: sirolimus eluting BiOSS® LIM vs. DES). Provisional T-stenting was the default treatment. Morphological pattern of in-stent restenosis according to the modified Mehran classification adopted for bifurcation lesions was assessed with bifurcation dedicated quantitative coronary angiographic software (CAAS 5.11, Pie Medical Imaging BV, the Netherlands). Results: In total, 445 patients (222 patients in BiOSS group and 223 patients in DES group) were included into the analysis. In BiOSS group 24 cases of angiographic restenosis (10.8%) were recorded, and in DES group-17 cases (7.6%) at 12 months follow-up (angiographic control rate at follow-up-90.3%). In the BiOSS group most frequent medina classification in restenotic cases was 0.0.1 (25%), whereas in DES-0.0.1 and 0.1.1 (23.5% each). In multivariate regression analysis proximal optimization technique was associated with the lowest chance for restenosis (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.06-0.33), whereas diabetes on insulin was associated with the highest risk of restenosis (OR 4.21, 95% CI 1.48-11.44). Conclusions: The angiographic restenosis pattern and rate was similar between BiOSS stents and DES in coronary bifurcation lesions.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Reestenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Polônia/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Desenho de Prótese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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