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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323422

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction in a nonagenarian is a morbid cardiac illness that can lead to significant mortality unless properly dealt with management aspects. Many comorbid or family-related issues might be part of holdbacks in management of such a group of patients. Hence, myocardial infarction in a nonagenarian where intervention is better treatment option forms an uncommon combination and has many preprocedural, periprocedural and postprocedural difficulties related to multiple issues. Here, we present a case of nonagenarian who presented with extensive anterior wall MI and was successfully dealt with primary percutaneous coronary intervention despite periprocedural and intraprocedural difficulties.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Vnitr Lek ; 66(6): 378-380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380143

RESUMO

Takotsubo or broken heart syndrome represents a rare type of cardiomyopathy, often imitating acute myocardial infarction. It is a sudden transient cardiac syndrome that typically involves left ventricular apical akinesis with preserved motility of basal heart segments. In contrast to acute myocardial infarction, the pathology is fully reversible in the majority of patients. In the present casereport, we discuss 78yearsold female referred to our department for typical symptomatology of acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed significant stenosis on the left anterior descending coronary artery, but ventriculography disclosed apical dysfunction and clinical course of the disease result in the diagnosis of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Until recently, normal or nonobstructive coronary angiography represented one of the mean diagnostic features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. In 2018, new diagnostic criteria were introduced, importantly modifying our approach to the Takotsubo diagnostics with omitting a coronary lesion as an exclusion criterium of the Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo , Angiografia Coronária , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 906-913, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116095

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity both in developed and developing countries. The body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR) and waist height ratio (WHtR) are some of the clinical tools enabling clinicians to assess obesity. Although for decades there have been controversy regarding the relationship between obesity and CAD; it has been assumed that high BMI is a risk factor for CAD. However, the findings of some recent studies were paradoxical. The aim of this study was to identify the best tool among BMI, WHtR and WHR to evaluate angiographically severe CAD in myocardial infarction patients. This was a cross-sectional analytical study carried out in the Department of Cardiology, Chattogram Medical College and Hospital (CMCH), Chattogram, Bangladesh from January 2017 to December 2017. Three hundred and thirty two consecutive MI patients undergoing CAG during the study period were included in the study as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Severity of CAD was calculated by using Gensini score. Patients were categorized and compared according to anthropometric indices and CAD severity. The mean±SD of the age of study population was 53.62±10.36 years (range 25-92) and 276(83.1%) were male. Regarding cardiovascular risk factors, 113(34%) patients had diabetes mellitus, 108(32.5%) had dyslipidaemia, 137(41.3%) had hypertension, 205(61.7%) were current or ex-smokers and 59(17.8%) had a family history of CAD. The mean±SD of the patients' BMI was 24.05±3.24kg/m² (range 16.14-32.72), mean±SD of their WHR was 0.964±0.052 (range 0.823-1.125) and mean±SD of their WHtR was 0.546±0.059 (range 0.389-0.748). The mean±SD of the severity of CAD according to the Gensini score was 41.11±28.66 (ranged from 2 to 244). Study findings showed a positive correlation between the severity of CAD with WHtR and WHR but not with BMI, according to Gensini scores (p=0.004, p=0.023 and p=0.43 respectively). Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve analysis revealed that waist height ratio had the highest area under the curve (AUC) among the three anthropometric parameters for predicting presence of severe CAD. Study showed the superiority of WHtR over WHR and BMI for predicting angiographic severity of CAD in patients with MI. WHtR should therefore be considered as a screening tool.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Estatura , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Relação Cintura-Quadril
5.
Radiol Med ; 125(11): 1114-1123, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936388

RESUMO

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance has always been more often used in the last 10 years in evaluation of heart disease. Role in diagnosis of ischemia and in evaluation of myocardial infarction is well established by many scientific papers and included in current guidelines. High accuracy in evaluation of stress-induced ischemia, tissue characterization and functional parameters are the pillars the make the method widely used. In this paper are described role and techniques in diagnosis of ischemia, myocardial infarction and its sequelae.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gadolínio , Humanos , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/lesões , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Life Sci ; 259: 118199, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781064

RESUMO

Cellular senescence, a process whereby cells enter a state of permanent growth arrest, appears to regulate cardiac pathological remodeling and dysfunction in response to various stresses including myocardial infarction (MI). However, the precise role as well as the underlying regulatory mechanism of cardiac cellular senescence in the ischemic heart disease remain to be further determined. Herein we report an inhibitory role of Nrf2, a key transcription factor of cellular defense, in regulating cardiac senescence in infarcted hearts as well as a therapeutic potential of targeting Nrf2-mediated suppression of cardiac senescence in the treatment of MI-induced cardiac dysfunction. MI was induced by left coronary artery ligation for 28 days in mice. Heart tissues from the infarct border zone were used for the analyses. The MI-induced cardiac dysfunction was associated with increased myocardial cell senescence, oxidative stress and apoptosis in adult wild type (WT) mice. In addition, a downregulated Nrf2 activity was associated with upregulated Keap1 levels and increased phosphorylation of JAK and FYN in the infarcted border zone heart tissues. Nrf2 Knockout (Nrf2-/-) enhanced the MI-induced myocardial, cardiac dysfunction and senescence. Qiliqiangxin (QLQX), a herbal medicine which could reverse the MI-induced suppression of Nrf2 activity, significantly inhibited the MI-induced cardiac senescence, apoptosis, and cardiac dysfunction in WT mice but not in Nrf2-/- mice. These results indicate that MI downregulates Nrf2 activity thus promoting oxidative stress to accelerate cellular senescence in the infarcted heart towards cardiac dysfunction and Nrf2 may be a drug target for suppressing the cellular senescence-associated pathologies in infarcted hearts.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Senescência Celular/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Animais , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Inativação Gênica , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
8.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237362, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the long fluoroscopy time in primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) could be an indicator of delayed reperfusion, it should be important to recognize which types of lesions require longer fluoroscopy-time in primary PCI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of the long fluoroscopy-time with clinical factors in primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). METHODS: A total of 539 patients who underwent primary PCI were divided into the conventional fluoroscopy-time group (Q1-Q4: n = 434) and the long fluoroscopy-time group (Q5: n = 105) according to the quintile of the total fluoroscopy time in primary PCI. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to find associations between clinical variables and the long fluoroscopy-time. RESULTS: In univariate logistic regression analysis, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hemodialysis, and previous CABG were significantly associated with the long fluoroscopy-time. In addition, complex lesion characteristics such as lesion length, lesion angle, tortuosity, and calcification were associated with the long fluoroscopy-time. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, lesion length [per 10 mm incremental: odds ratio (OR) 1.751, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.397-2.195, P<0.001], moderate-excessive tortuosity (vs. mild tortuosity: OR 4.006, 95% CI 1.498-10.715, P = 0.006), and moderate to severe calcification (vs. none-mild calcification: OR 1.865, 95% CI 1.107-3.140, P = 0.019) were significantly associated with the long fluoroscopy-time. CONCLUSIONS: In primary PCI for STEMI, diffuse long lesion, tortuosity, and moderate-severe calcification were associated with the long fluoroscopy-time. These complex features require special attention to reduce reperfusion time in primary PCI.


Assuntos
Fluoroscopia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Biomolecules ; 10(8)2020 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784904

RESUMO

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) contributes to the pathogenesis of coronary ischemia/reperfusion (IR). To test whether the new TLR4 antagonist, ApTOLL, may prevent coronary IR damage, we administered 0.078 mg/kg ApTOLL or Placebo in pigs subjected to IR, analyzing the levels of cardiac troponins, matrix metalloproteinases, pro-, and anti-inflammatory cytokines, heart function, and tissue integrity over a period of 7 days after IR. Our results show that ApTOLL reduced cardiac troponin-1 24 h after administration, improving heart function, as detected by a significant recovery of the left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and the shortening fraction (FS) cardiac parameters. The extension of necrotic and fibrotic areas was also reduced, as detected by Evans blue/2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, Hematoxylin/Eosine, and Masson Trichrome staining of heart sections, together with a significant reduction in the expression of the extracellular matrix-degrading, matrix metalloproteinase 9. Finally, the expression of the following cytokines, CCL1, CCL2, MIP1-A-B, CCL5, CD40L, C5/C5A, CXCL1, CXCL10, CXCL11, CXCL12, G-CSF, GM-CSF, ICAM-1, INF-g, IL1-a, ILI-b, IL-1Ra, IL2, IL4, IL5, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL12, IL13, IL16, IL17-A, IL17- E, IL18, IL21, IL27, IL32, MIF, SERPIN-E1, TNF-a, and TREM-1, were also assayed, detecting a pronounced decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokines after 7 days of treatment with ApTOLL. Altogether, our results show that ApTOLL is a promising new tool for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Coração/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Suínos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
10.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 411-420, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients undergoing peripheral vascular surgery have increased risk of death and myocardial infarction (MI), which may be due to unsuspected (silent) coronary ischaemia. The aim was to determine whether pre-operative diagnosis of silent ischaemia using coronary computed tomography (CT) derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) can facilitate multidisciplinary care to reduce post-operative death and MI, and improve survival. METHODS: This was a single centre prospective study with historic controls. Patients with no cardiac symptoms undergoing lower extremity surgical revascularisation with pre-operative coronary CTA-FFRCT testing were compared with historic controls with standard pre-operative testing. Silent coronary ischaemia was defined as FFRCT ≤ 0.80 distal to coronary stenosis with FFRCT ≤ 0.75 indicating severe ischaemia. End points included cardiovascular (CV) death, MI, and all cause death through one year follow up. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between CT angiography (CTA-FFRCT) (n = 135) and control (n = 135) patients with regard to age (66 ± 8 years), sex, comorbidities, or surgery performed. Coronary CTA showed ≥ 50% stenosis in 70% of patients with left main stenosis in 7%. FFRCT revealed silent coronary ischaemia in 68% of patients with severe ischaemia in 53%. The status of coronary ischaemia was unknown in the controls. At 30 days, CV death and MI in the CTA-FFRCT group were not statistically significantly different from controls (0% vs. 3.7% [p = .060] and 0.7% vs. 5.2% [p = .066], respectively). Post-operative coronary revascularisation was performed in 54 patients to relieve silent ischaemia (percutaneous coronary intervention in 47, coronary artery bypass graft in seven). At one year, CTA-FFRCT patients had fewer CV deaths (0.7% vs. 5.9%; p = .036) and MIs (2.2% vs. 8.1%; p = .028) and improved survival (p = .018) compared with controls. CONCLUSION: Pre-operative diagnosis of silent coronary ischaemia in patients undergoing lower extremity revascularisation surgery can facilitate multidisciplinary patient care with selective post-operative coronary revascularisation. This strategy reduced post-operative death and MI and improved one year survival compared with standard care.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(11): 2251-2253, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712735

RESUMO

This study sought to identify parameters that could guide towards an ischemic origin in patients hospitalized for myocardial infarction (MI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). MINOCA is challenging in clinical practice, as the pathophysiology is multifaceted. A total of 135 patients with MINOCA who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in a single tertiary University Hospital, were retrospectively included. The study cohort was classified into 4 groups according to the CMR diagnosis (i.e., myocarditis, myocardial infarction, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, normal or uncommon diagnosis). According to the CMR, 62% had myocarditis, 14.1% myocardial infarction, 4.4% of Takotsubo and 19.3% showed a normal CMR or uncommon diagnoses. In the multivariate analysis, three criteria were independently correlated with the underlying diagnosis of myocardial infarction: (1) the absence of inflammatory response (HR: 5.71 IC95% [1.79-18.28]; p = 0.002), (2) the presence of coronary atheroma in invasive coronary angiography (HR: 6.56 IC95% [2.27-18.92]; p = 0.001) and (3) a peak of troponin ratio elevated than normal levels of 150 (HR: 4.12 IC95% [1.45-11.65]; p = 0.01). The prevalence of myocardial infarction in MINOCA was 4.9% in the absence of these three criteria, 3.4% with one of the criteria present, 34.5% with two criteria present and 71.4% with all three criteria. The negative predictive value for MI was 96% in the presence of at least two criteria. Our study shows that the absence of inflammatory response, a high troponin and the presence of angiographic coronary atheroma are independently correlated with a myocardial infarction underlying cause of MINOCA.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/sangue , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Admissão do Paciente , Placa Aterosclerótica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/sangue , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia , Troponina/sangue , Função Ventricular Esquerda
12.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(8): 978-986, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare native and post-contrast T1 mapping with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging for detecting and measuring the microvascular obstruction (MVO) area in reperfused acute myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 20 patients with acute MI who had undergone 1.5T cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) after reperfusion therapy. CMR included cine imaging, LGE, and T1 mapping (modified look-locker inversion recovery). MI size was calculated from LGE by full-width at half-maximum technique. MVO was defined as an area with low signal intensity (LGE) or as a region of visually distinguishable T1 values (T1 maps) within infarcted myocardium. Regional T1 values were measured in MVO, infarcted, and remote myocardium on T1 maps. MVO area was measured on and compared among LGE, native, and post-contrast T1 maps. RESULTS: The mean MI size was 27.1 ± 9.7% of the left ventricular mass. Of the 20 identified MVOs, 18 (90%) were detected on native T1 maps, while 10 (50%) were recognized on post-contrast T1 maps. The mean native T1 values of MVO, infarcted, and remote myocardium were 1013.5 ± 58.5, 1240.9 ± 55.8 (p < 0.001), and 1062.2 ± 55.8 ms (p = 0.169), respectively, while the mean post-contrast T1 values were 466.7 ± 26.8, 399.1 ± 21.3, and 585.2 ± 21.3 ms, respectively (p < 0.001). The mean MVO areas on LGE, native, and post-contrast T1 maps were 134.1 ± 81.2, 133.7 ± 80.4, and 117.1 ± 53.3 mm², respectively. The median (interquartile range) MVO areas on LGE, native, and post-contrast T1 maps were 128.0 (58.1-215.4), 110.5 (67.7-227.9), and 143.0 (76.7-155.3) mm², respectively (p = 0.002). Concordance correlation coefficients for the MVO area between LGE and native T1 maps, LGE and post-contrast T1 maps, and native and post-contrast T1 maps were 0.770, 0.375, and 0.565, respectively. CONCLUSION: MVO areas were accurately delineated on native T1 maps and showed high concordance with the areas measured on LGE. However, post-contrast T1 maps had low detection rates and underestimated MVO areas. Collectively, native T1 mapping is a useful tool for detecting MVO within the infarcted myocardium.


Assuntos
Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Gadolínio , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia
13.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(4): 1479164120941809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is considered a risk factor for myocardial infarction. However, we have previously found that diabetes was not a short-term risk factor for myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of patients undergoing coronary angiography from 2003 to 2012 and followed them by cross-linking Danish health registries. Patients were stratified according to coronary artery disease and diabetes. Endpoints included myocardial infarction, cardiac death, all-cause death and coronary revascularization. RESULTS: 86,202 patients were included in total (diabetes: n = 12,652). Median follow-up was 8.8 years. Using patients with neither coronary artery disease nor diabetes as reference (cumulative myocardial infarction incidence 2.6%), the risk of myocardial infarction was low and not substantially increased for patients with diabetes alone (3.2%; hazard ratio 1.202, 95% confidence interval 0.996-1.451), was increased for patients with coronary artery disease alone (9.3%; hazard ratio 2.75, 95% confidence interval 2.52-3.01) and was highest for patients with both coronary artery disease and diabetes (12.3%; hazard ratio 3.79, 95% confidence interval 3.43-4.20). Similar associations were observed for cardiac death and coronary revascularization. CONCLUSION: Diabetes patients without coronary artery disease by coronary angiography have a low risk of myocardial infarction, not substantially increased compared to patients with neither coronary artery disease nor diabetes. In the presence of coronary artery disease, however, diabetes increases the risk of myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Revascularização Miocárdica , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(6): e009894, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preclinical studies and pilot patient studies have shown that chronic infarctions can be detected and characterized from cardiac magnetic resonance without gadolinium-based contrast agents using native-T1 maps at 3T. We aimed to investigate the diagnostic capacity of this approach for characterizing chronic myocardial infarctions (MIs) in a multi-center setting. METHODS: Patients with a prior MI (n=105) were recruited at 3 different medical centers and were imaged with native-T1 mapping and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at 3T. Infarct location, size, and transmurality were determined from native-T1 maps and LGE. Sensitivity, specificity, receiver-operating characteristic metrics, and inter- and intraobserver variabilities were assessed relative to LGE. RESULTS: Across all subjects, T1 of MI territory was 1621±110 ms, and remote territory was 1225±75 ms. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under curve for detecting MI location based on native-T1 mapping relative to LGE were 88%, 92%, and 0.93, respectively. Native-T1 maps were not different for measuring infarct size (native-T1 maps: 12.1±7.5%; LGE: 11.8±7.2%, P=0.82) and were in agreement with LGE (R2=0.92, bias, 0.09±2.6%). Corresponding inter- and intraobserver assessments were also highly correlated (interobserver: R2=0.90, bias, 0.18±2.4%; and intraobserver: R2=0.91, bias, 0.28±2.1%). Native T1 maps were not different for measuring MI transmurality (native-T1 maps: 49.1±15.8%; LGE: 47.2±19.0%, P=0.56) and showed agreement (R2=0.71; bias, 1.32±10.2%). Corresponding inter- and intraobserver assessments were also in agreement (interobserver: R2=0.81, bias, 0.1±9.4%; and intraobserver: R2=0.91, bias, 0.28±2.1%, respectively). While the overall accuracy for detecting MI with native-T1 maps at 3T was high, logistic regression analysis showed that MI location was a prominent confounder. CONCLUSIONS: Native-T1 mapping can be used to image chronic MI with high degree of accuracy, and as such, it is a viable alternative for scar imaging in patients with chronic MI who are contraindicated for LGE. Technical advancements may be needed to overcome the imaging confounders that currently limit native-T1 mapping from reaching equivalent detection levels as LGE.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio/patologia , Idoso , China , Doença Crônica , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Los Angeles , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Compostos Organometálicos/administração & dosagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Seul , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(5): 266-272, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrinolytic therapy is an important reperfusion strategy, especially when primary percutaneous coronary interventions cannot be offered to ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients. Given that failed reperfusion after fibrinolytic therapy is common, it is pragmatic that the predictors, outcomes, and angiographic profiles of patients with failed thrombolysis are carefully scrutinized. METHODS: We prospectively studied clinical variables and outcomes over 30 months in 243 ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients who received fibrinolytics as primary treatment. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of failed thrombolysis. RESULTS: Failed thrombolysis occurred in 38.68% of patients with a mean window period of 6.58 ± 1.42 h, and 55.32% of patients with failed thrombolysis had Killip class >I on presentation. Risk factors such as diabetes mellitus (55.32%), dyslipidemia (60.64%) and obesity (77.66%) were frequently associated with failed thrombolysis; 73.40% of patients with failed thrombolysis had Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 0/1 in the infarct-related artery, and 58.51% of such patients needed a rescue percutaneous coronary intervention. The mean Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction risk score was 5.46 ± 2.77 in failed thrombolysis patients, with mortality of 4.25% at the 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: Non-resolution of presenting symptoms and ST changes on electrocardiography at 90 min served as the earliest indicators of failed thrombolysis, with a significant angiographic correlation. Clinical variables such as delayed presentation (>6 h), dyspnea, Killip class >I, cardiogenic shock, Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction score, and conventional risk factors including diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and obesity represented cluster of predictors of failed thrombolysis.


Assuntos
Trombose Coronária/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Trombolítica/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento
17.
J Vis Exp ; (160)2020 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32597875

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) remains the main contributor to morbidity and mortality worldwide. Therefore, research on this topic is mandatory. An easily and highly reproducible MI induction procedure is required to obtain further insight and better understanding of the underlying pathological changes. This procedure can also be used to evaluate the effects or potency of new and promising treatments (as drugs or interventions) in acute MI, subsequent remodeling and heart failure (HF). After intubation and pre-operative preparation of the animal, an anesthetic protocol with isoflurane was performed, and the surgical procedure was conducted quickly. Using a minimally invasive approach, the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was located and occluded by a ligature. The occlusion can be performed acutely for subsequent reperfusion (ischemia/reperfusion injury). Alternatively, the vessel can be ligated permanently to investigate the development of chronic MI, remodeling or HF. Despite common pitfalls, the drop-out rates are minimal. Various treatments such as remote ischemic conditioning can be examined for their cardioprotective potential pre-, peri- and post-operatively. The post-operative recovery was quick as the anesthesia was precisely controlled and the duration of the operation was short. Post-operative analgesia was administered for three days. The minimally invasive procedure reduces the risk of infection and inflammation. Furthermore, it facilitates rapid recovery. The "working heart" measurements were performed ex vivo and enabled precise control of preload, afterload and flow. This procedure requires specific equipment and training for adequate performance. This manuscript provides a detailed step-by-step introduction for conducting these measurements.


Assuntos
Coração/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Anestesia , Animais , Cicatriz/patologia , Eletrocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hemodinâmica , Precondicionamento Isquêmico , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Remodelação Vascular , Função Ventricular
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8445, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439873

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) is developing rapidly in the medical technology field, particularly in image analysis. ECG-diagnosis is an image analysis in the sense that cardiologists assess the waveforms presented in a 2-dimensional image. We hypothesized that an AI using a convolutional neural network (CNN) may also recognize ECG images and patterns accurately. We used the PTB ECG database consisting of 289 ECGs including 148 myocardial infarction (MI) cases to develop a CNN to recognize MI in ECG. Our CNN model, equipped with 6-layer architecture, was trained with training-set ECGs. After that, our CNN and 10 physicians are tested with test-set ECGs and compared their MI recognition capability in metrics F1 (harmonic mean of precision and recall) and accuracy. The F1 and accuracy by our CNN were significantly higher (83 ± 4%, 81 ± 4%) as compared to physicians (70 ± 7%, 67 ± 7%, P < 0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, elimination of Goldberger-leads or ECG image compression up to quarter resolution did not significantly decrease the recognition capability. Deep learning with a simple CNN for image analysis may achieve a comparable capability to physicians in recognizing MI on ECG. Further investigation is warranted for the use of AI in ECG image assessment.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Bases de Dados Factuais , Aprendizado Profundo , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Redes Neurais de Computação , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem
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