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1.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 815-821, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684588

RESUMO

MiR-134-5p was found to have potential diagnostic value for myocardial infarction (MI), but its biological role in MI has not been reported. In this study, MI mouse model was established. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot were used to measure the expression of miR-134-5p, lysine demethylase 2A (KDM2A), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Dual-Luciferase reporter (DLR) assay was used to explore the relationship between miR-134-5p and KDM2A. The influence of miR-134-5p on cardiomyocytes apoptosis was detected using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The results revealed that miR-134-5p was highly expressed in infarction tissues of MI mice. Knockdown of miR-134-5p inhibited hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) -induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. In addition, KDM2A was the target gene of miR-134-5p and negatively regulated by miR-134-5p. The promotion effect on the protein level of KDM2A and VEGF induced by miR-134-5p inhibitor can be reversed by shKDM2A in cardiomyocytes. Further, silencing of miR-134-5p promoted myocardial angiogenesis and inhibited myocardial apoptosis via upregulating KDM2A in MI mice. Taken together, our research revealed that knockdown of miR-134-5p increased KDM2A expression, thereby suppressing myocardial apoptosis and promoting myocardial angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neovascularização Fisiológica
2.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0232963, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730272

RESUMO

Mammalian cardiomyocytes exit the cell cycle shortly after birth. As a result, an occurrence of coronary occlusion-induced myocardial infarction often results in heart failure, postinfarction LV dilatation, or death, and represents one of the most significant public health morbidities worldwide. Interestingly however, the hearts of neonatal pigs have been shown to regenerate following an acute myocardial infarction (MI) occuring on postnatal day 1 (P1); a recovery period which is accompanied by an increased expression of markers for cell-cycle activity, and suggests that early postnatal myocardial regeneration may be driven in part by the MI-induced proliferation of pre-existing cardiomyocytes. In this study, we identified signaling pathways known to regulate the cell cycle, and determined of these, the pathways persistently upregulated in response to MI injury. We identified five pathways (mitogen associated protein kinase [MAPK], Hippo, cyclic [cAMP], Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription [JAK-STAT], and Ras) which were comprehensively upregulated in cardiac tissues collected on day 7 (P7) and/or P28 of the P1 injury hearts. Several of the initiating master regulators (e.g., CSF1/CSF1R, TGFB, and NPPA) and terminal effector molecules (e.g., ATF4, FOS, RELA/B, ITGB2, CCND1/2/3, PIM1, RAF1, MTOR, NKF1B) in these pathways were persistently upregulated at day 7 through day 28, suggesting there exists at least some degree of regenerative activity up to 4 weeks following MI at P1. Our observations provide a list of key regulators to be examined in future studies targeting cell-cycle activity as an avenue for myocardial regeneration.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Suínos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Life Sci ; 257: 118015, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Cardiac fibrosis is the scarring process occurs commonly with CVDs impairing the function and structure of heart. Herein, we investigated the role of circPAN3 in the pathogenesis of cardiac fibrosis. METHODS: A rat myocardial infarction (MI) model was constructed to evaluate the role of circPAN3. Expression of circPAN3 in MI was determined, and si-circPAN3 was applied to verify its profibrotic effects. With an in vitro model, cardiac fibroblasts were stimulated by transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFß1). Immunofluorescent staining was employed to assess the fibrosis-related markers, as well as autophagy activity. CCK-8 and transwell assays were performed to determine cell proliferation and migration. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down were subjected to verify the interaction of circPAN3/miR-221. The enrichment of FoxO3 on the promoter region of ATG7 was detected using CHIP assay. RESULTS: Elevated circPAN3 was found in rat MI heart tissue, of which knockdown attenuated cardiac fibrosis after MI. In an in vitro model exposing with TGFß1, increasing cell proliferation and migration were observed, whereas these effects were abolished by circPAN3 knockdown, as well as autophagy activity. miR-221 was identified as a target to be involved in circPAN3-mediated cardiac fibrosis after MI. miR-221 negatively regulated FoxO3, thus causing the inhibition of ATG7 transcription. The regulatory network of circPAN3/miR-221/FoxO3/ATG7 in cardiac fibrosis was further determined in vivo. CONCLUSION: circPAN3 exhibited profibrotic effects during autophagy-mediated cardiac fibrosis via miR-221/FoxO3/ATG7 axis, which may serve as potential biomarkers for cardiac fibrosis therapeutics.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Autofagia/fisiologia , Proteína 7 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose/metabolismo , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/genética
4.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H443-H455, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618511

RESUMO

Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) is a paracrine growth factor, secreted by cardiac endothelial cells (ECs) in conditions of cardiac overload/injury. The current concept is that the cardiac effects of NRG1 are mediated by activation of erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog (ERBB)4/ERBB2 receptors on cardiomyocytes. However, recent studies have shown that paracrine effects of NRG1 on fibroblasts and macrophages are equally important. Here, we hypothesize that NRG1 autocrine signaling plays a role in cardiac remodeling. We generated EC-specific Erbb4 knockout mice to eliminate endothelial autocrine ERBB4 signaling without affecting paracrine NRG1/ERBB4 signaling in the heart. We first observed no basal cardiac phenotype in these mice up to 32 wk. We next studied these mice following transverse aortic constriction (TAC), exposure to angiotensin II (ANG II), or myocardial infarction in terms of cardiac performance, myocardial hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and capillary density. In general, no major differences between EC-specific Erbb4 knockout mice and control littermates were observed. However, 8 wk following TAC both myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis were attenuated by EC-specific Erbb4 deletion, albeit these responses were normalized after 20 wk. Similarly, 4 wk after ANG II treatment, myocardial fibrosis was less pronounced compared with control littermates. These observations were supported by RNA-sequencing experiments on cultured endothelial cells showing that NRG1 controls the expression of various hypertrophic and fibrotic pathways. Overall, this study shows a role of endothelial autocrine NRG1/ERBB4 signaling in the modulation of hypertrophic and fibrotic responses during early cardiac remodeling. This study contributes to understanding the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of myocardial autocrine and paracrine responses following cardiac injury.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The role of NRG1/ERBB signaling in endothelial cells is not completely understood. Our study contributes to the understanding of spatiotemporal heterogeneity of myocardial autocrine and paracrine responses following cardiac injury and shows a role of endothelial autocrine NRG1/ERBB4 signaling in the modulation of hypertrophic and fibrotic responses during early cardiac remodeling.


Assuntos
Comunicação Autócrina , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Neuregulina-1/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-4/metabolismo , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/genética , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Comunicação Parácrina , Receptor ErbB-4/deficiência , Receptor ErbB-4/genética , Transdução de Sinais
5.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 2016259, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528555

RESUMO

Background: Myocardial infarction (MI) was a severe cardiovascular disease resulted from acute, persistent hypoxia, or ischemia condition. Additionally, MI generally led to heart failure, even sudden death. A multitude of research studies proposed that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) frequently participated in the regulation of heart diseases. The specific function and molecular mechanism of SOX2-OT in MI remained unclear. Aim of the Study. The current research was aimed to explore the role of SOX2-OT in MI. Methods: Bioinformatics analysis (DIANA tools and Targetscan) and a wide range of experiments (CCK-8, flow cytometry, RT-qPCR, luciferase reporter, RIP, caspase-3 activity, trans-well, and western blot assays) were adopted to investigate the function and mechanism of SOX2-OT. Results: We discovered that hypoxia treatment decreased cell viability but increased cell apoptosis. Besides, lncRNA SOX2-OT expression was upregulated in hypoxic HCMs. Hereafter, we confirmed that SOX2-OT could negatively regulate miR-27a-3p levels by directly binding with miR-27a-3p, and miR-27a-3p also could negatively regulate SOX2-OT levels. Furthermore, knockdown of SOX2-OT promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, but limited cell apoptosis. However, these effects were reversed by anti-miR-27a-5p. Besides, we verified that miR-27a-3p binding with the 3'UTR of TGFBR1 and SOX2-OT regulated TGFßR1 level by collaborating with miR-27a-3p in HCMs. Eventually, rescue assays validated that the influence of SOX2-OT silence or miR-27a-3p overexpression on cellular processes in cardiomyocytes injury was counteracted by TGFBR1 overexpression. Conclusions: Long noncoding RNA SOX2-OT exacerbated hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes injury by regulating miR-27a-3p/TGFßR1 axis, which may provide a novel insight for heart failure treatment.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/metabolismo , Apoptose , Hipóxia Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Am J Pathol ; 190(9): 1789-1800, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473918

RESUMO

We studied the role of galectin-3 (Gal-3) in the expression of alternative activation markers (M2) on macrophage, cytokines, and fibrosis through the temporal evolution of healing, ventricular remodeling, and function after myocardial infarction (MI). C57BL/6J and Gal-3 knockout mice (Lgals3-/-) were subjected to permanent coronary ligation or sham. We studied i) mortality, ii) macrophage infiltration and expression of markers of alternative activation, iii) cytokine, iv) matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity, v) fibrosis, and vi) cardiac function and remodeling. At 1 week post-MI, lack of Gal-3 markedly attenuated F4/80+ macrophage infiltration and significantly increased the expression of Mrc1 and Chil1, markers of M2 macrophages at the MI zone. Levels of IL-10, IL-6, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 were significantly increased, whereas tumor necrosis factor-α, transforming growth factor-ß, and fibrosis were remarkably attenuated at the infarct zone. In Gal-3 knockout mice, scar thinning ratio, expansion, and cardiac remodeling and function were severely affected from the onset of MI. At 4 weeks post-MI, the natural evolution of fibrosis in Gal-3 knockout mice was also affected. Our results suggest that Gal-3 is essential for wound healing because it regulates the dynamics of macrophage infiltration, proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine expression, and fibrosis along the temporal evolution of MI in mice. The deficit of Gal-3 affected the dynamics of wound healing, thus aggravating the evolution of remodeling and function.


Assuntos
Galectina 3/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Animais , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo
7.
Life Sci ; 256: 117920, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522571

RESUMO

AIM: We investigated the effects of high-intensity interval and continuous short-term exercise on body composition and cardiac function after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) in obese rats. METHODS: Rats fed with a standard chow diet (SC) or high-fat diet (HFD) for 20 weeks underwent systolic blood pressure (SBP), glycemia and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry analyses. Then, animals fed with HFD were subdivided into three groups: sedentary (HFD-SED); moderate-intensity continuous training (HFD-MICT); and high-intensity interval training (HFD-HIIT). Exercised groups underwent four isocaloric aerobic exercise sessions, in which HFD-MICT maintained the intensity continuously and HFD-HIIT alternated it. After exercise sessions, all groups underwent global IRI and myocardial infarct size (IS) was determined histologically. Fat and muscle mass were weighted, and protein levels involved in muscle metabolism were assessed in skeletal muscle. RESULTS: HFD-fed versus SC-fed rats reduced lean body mass by 31% (P < 0.001), while SBP, glycemia and body fat percentage were increased by 10% (P = 0.04), 30% (P = 0.006) and 54% (P < 0.001); respectively. HFD-induced muscle atrophy was restored in exercised groups, as only HFD-SED presented lower gastrocnemius (32%; P = 0.001) and quadriceps mass (62%; P < 0.001) than SC. PGC1-α expression was 2.7-fold higher in HFD-HIIT versus HFD-SED (P = 0.04), whereas HFD-HIIT and HFD-MICT exhibited 1.7-fold increase in p-mTORSer2481 levels compared to HFD-SED (P = 0.04). Although no difference was detected among groups for IS (P = 0.30), only HFD-HIIT preserved left-ventricle developed pressure after IRI (+0.7 mmHg; P = 0.9). SIGNIFICANCE: Short-term exercise, continuous or HIIT, restored HFD-induced muscle atrophy and increased mTOR expression, but only HIIT maintained myocardial contractility following IRI in obese animals.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Testes de Função Cardíaca , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/etiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sarcopenia/etiologia
8.
Heart Fail Clin ; 16(3): 255-269, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503750

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) results in significant changes in cardiac structure and functions, leading to left ventricular remodeling and subsequent systolic and diastolic dysfunction. To improve current approaches in diagnoses, treatments, and prevention of cardiovascular diseases, a better understanding of cardiac mechanoenergetics, including systolic performance and energy demand, becomes paramount. In this review, we summarize cardiac mechanics, cardiac energetics, and their relationship in complications related to AMI using 2 important physiologic frameworks, pressure-volume loops and the Vo2-pressure-volume area relationship diagram, as they are powerful tools for understanding physiologic behavior and mechanoenergetics of the left ventricle.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Ventrículos do Coração , Infarto do Miocárdio , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Pressão Ventricular/fisiologia , Metabolismo Energético , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo
9.
Life Sci ; 254: 117761, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413403

RESUMO

With the increase of an aging population and the rising incidence of cardiovascular diseases, heart failure (HF) patients are on the rise every year. Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of HF in patients among cardiovascular diseases. In clinic, patients with MI are often assessed by biochemical indicators, electrocardiography, brain natriuretic peptide levels, myocardial enzymology, echocardiography and other means to predict the occurrence of HF and ventricular remodeling (VR). But there is still a lack of more accurate evaluation. VR is the basic mechanism of HF. In recent years, the molecular mechanism of VR has been studied mainly from the aspects of myocardial hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, inflammation, myocardial energy disorder, apoptosis, autophagy and pyroptosis. Exosomes are considered as the main mediators of intercellular information transmission. In addition, exosomes can promote the migration and transformation of intercellular RNAs, which are highly conserved non-coding RNAs. They can mediate the process of cell proliferation and differentiation of the target cell membrane. Exosomes have protective effects on VR after MI by inhibiting fibrosis, promoting angiogenesis and inhibiting inflammation and pyroptosis. We reviewed the specific protective mechanisms of exosomes for VR after MI. In addition, we discussed the formation of targeted exosomes and the role of non-coding RNAs in VR.


Assuntos
Exossomos/fisiologia , RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , RNA não Traduzido/genética , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular/genética
10.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(7): 1155-1161, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392439

RESUMO

The participation of ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2Z (UBE2Z) in atherosclerosis has been reported. We aimed to evaluate the association of the rs46522 polymorphism of the UBE2Z gene with myocardial infarction (MI) and other clinical and metabolic components in the Mexican population. A total of 2128 individuals (1023 patients with MI and 1105 healthy controls) were included. rs46522 was genotyped using the 5' exonuclease TaqMan genotyping assay. A similar polymorphism distribution was observed between patients and healthy controls. The association between rs46522 polymorphism and cardiometabolic parameters was evaluated separately in the two groups. In the control group, rs46522 polymorphism was associated with increased risk of developing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥130 mg/dL (odds ratio [OR] = 1.249, padditive = 0.018; OR = 1.479, precessive = 0.015; OR = 1.589, pcodominant 2 = 0.013). On the other hand, in MI patients, it was observed that rs46522 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of developing high levels of alanine transaminase (OR = 1.297, pheterozygote = 0.043) and aspartate transaminase (OR = 1.453, pdominant = 0.009; OR = 1.592, pheterozygote = 0.001; OR = 1.632, pcodominant 1 = 0.001). Our results suggest that the UBE2Z gene rs46522 polymorphism is associated with abnormal metabolic parameters in Mexican patients with MI.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia
11.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0231797, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365112

RESUMO

The pathological process and mechanism of myocardial ischemia (MI) is very complicated, and remains unclear. An integrated proteomic-metabolomics analysis was applied to comprehensively understand the pathological changes and mechanism of MI. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a mock surgery (MS) group and an MI group. The MI model was made by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery, twenty-four hours after which, echocardiography was employed to assess left ventricular (LV) function variables. Blood samples and left ventricular tissues were collected for ELISA, metabolomics and proteomics analysis. The results showed that LV function, including ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), was significantly reduced and the level of cTnT in the serum increased after MI. iTRAQ proteomics showed that a total of 169 proteins were altered including 52 and 117 proteins with increased and decreased expression, respectively, which were mainly involved in the following activities: complement and coagulation cascades, tight junction, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, MAPK signaling pathway, endocytosis, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, as well as phagosome coupled with vitamin digestion and absorption. Altered metabolomic profiling of this transition was mostly enriched in pathways including ABC transporters, glycerophospholipid metabolism, protein digestion and absorption and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis. The integrated metabolomics and proteomics analysis indicated that myocardial injury after MI is closely related to several metabolic pathways, especially energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, vascular smooth muscle contraction, gap junction and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction. These findings may contribute to understanding the mechanism of MI and have implication for new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Animais , Masculino , Metabolômica , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/patologia , Miocárdio/química , Miocárdio/patologia , Proteômica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/metabolismo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232413, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains the most common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study was directed to investigate the beneficial effects of benfotiamine pre- and post-treatments in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced MI in rats. METHODS: Myocardial heart damage was induced by subcutaneous injection of ISO (150 mg/kg) once daily for two consecutive days. Benfotiamine (100 mg/kg/day) was given orally for two weeks before or after ISO treatment. RESULTS: ISO administration revealed significant changes in electrocardiographic recordings, elevation of levels of cardiac enzymes; creatinine kinase (CK-MB) and troponin-I (cTn-I), and perturbation of markers of oxidative stress; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and markers of inflammation; protein kinase C (PKC), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). The apoptotic markers (caspase-8 and p53) were also significantly elevated in ISO groups in addition to histological alterations. Groups treated with benfotiamine pre- and post-ISO administration showed significantly decreased cardiac enzymes levels and improved oxidative stress, inflammatory and apoptotic markers compared to the ISO groups. CONCLUSION: The current study highlights the potential role of benfotiamine as a promising agent for prophylactic and therapeutic interventions in myocardial damage in several cardiovascular disorders via NADPH oxidase inhibition.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , NADPH Oxidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiamina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cardiotoxinas/toxicidade , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Tiamina/uso terapêutico
13.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1722-1737, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404007

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lymphatics play an essential pathophysiological role in promoting fluid and immune cell tissue clearance. Conversely, immune cells may influence lymphatic function and remodeling. Recently, cardiac lymphangiogenesis has been proposed as a therapeutic target to prevent heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the effects of gene therapy to modulate cardiac lymphangiogenesis post-MI in rodents. Second, we determined the impact of cardiac-infiltrating T cells on lymphatic remodeling in the heart. Approach and Results: Comparing adenoviral versus adeno-associated viral gene delivery in mice, we found that only sustained VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor)-CC156S therapy, achieved by adeno-associated viral vectors, increased cardiac lymphangiogenesis, and led to reduced cardiac inflammation and dysfunction by 3 weeks post-MI. Conversely, inhibition of VEGF-C/-D signaling, through adeno-associated viral delivery of soluble VEGFR3 (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3), limited infarct lymphangiogenesis. Unexpectedly, this treatment improved cardiac function post-MI in both mice and rats, linked to reduced infarct thinning due to acute suppression of T-cell infiltration. Finally, using pharmacological, genetic, and antibody-mediated prevention of cardiac T-cell recruitment in mice, we discovered that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells potently suppress, in part through interferon-γ, cardiac lymphangiogenesis post-MI. CONCLUSIONS: We show that resolution of cardiac inflammation after MI may be accelerated by therapeutic lymphangiogenesis based on adeno-associated viral gene delivery of VEGF-CC156S. Conversely, our work uncovers a major negative role of cardiac-recruited T cells on lymphatic remodeling. Our results give new insight into the interconnection between immune cells and lymphatics in orchestration of cardiac repair after injury.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Terapia Genética , Linfangiogênese , Vasos Linfáticos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Dependovirus/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Vetores Genéticos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Vasos Linfáticos/imunologia , Vasos Linfáticos/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/imunologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/imunologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Tempo , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 27(3): 251-258, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266706

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ischemic heart disease is closely associated with many risk factors. Germinated brown rice extract (GBR) has potent antioxidant activities for alleviating the factors for developing heart failure such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus. AIM: The objective of the present study was to determine the cardio-protective effects of GBR and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying these effects in a model of simulated myocardial ischemic/ reperfusion injury (sI/R). METHODS: An in vitro study was performed on cultured rat cardiomyoblasts (H9c2) exposed to sI/R. The expression of apoptosis and signaling proteins was assessed using Western blot analyses. Eighteen New Zealand White rabbits were divided into 3 groups and the left circumflex coronary artery was ligated to induce myocardial ischemia. Heart functions were monitored by electrocardiography and echocardiography 0, 30, and 60 days after coronary artery ligation. RESULTS: GBR consumption group showed significantly improved cardiac function and reduced the heart rate, along with reduced mean arterial pressure and plasma glucose level. Also, GBR showed good scavenging activity, pretreatment with GBR inhibited I/R induced apoptosis by suppressing the production of caspase 3 and p38 MAPK. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that intake of germinated brown rice may effectively to protect cell proliferation and apoptosis and may provide important nutrients to prevent heart failure due to myocardial ischemia.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oryza/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Fermentação , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Coelhos , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
15.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 134(8): 985-999, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297634

RESUMO

Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) as natural membranous vesicles are on the frontiers of nanomedical research, due to their ability to deliver therapeutic molecules such as microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRNA-21 (miR-21) is thought to be involved in the initiation and development of myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we examined whether miR-21 regulation using human peripheral blood-derived sEVs (PB-sEVs) could serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for MI. First, we examined miR-21 levels in hypoxic conditions and validated the ability of PB-sEVs to serve as a potential delivery system for miRNAs. Further, bioinformatics analysis and luciferase assay were performed to identify target genes of miR-21 mechanistically. Among numerous target pathways, we focused on nitrogen metabolism, which remains relatively unexplored compared with other possible miR-21-mediated pathways; hence, we aimed to determine novel target genes of miR-21 related to nitrogen metabolism. In hypoxic conditions, the expression of miR-21 was significantly up-regulated and correlated with nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) levels, which in turn influences cardiac function. The down-regulation of miR-21 expression by PB-sEVs loaded with anti-miR-21 significantly improved survival rates, consistent with the augmentation of cardiac function. However, the up-regulation of miR-21 expression by PB-sEVs loaded with miR-21 reversed these effects. Mechanistically, miR-21 targeted and down-regulated the mRNA and protein expression of striatin (STRN), which could regulate NOS3 expression. In conclusion, we identified a novel therapeutic strategy to improve cardiac function by regulating the expression of miR-21 with PB-sEVs as an miR-21 or anti-miR-21 delivery vehicle and confirmed the miR-21-associated nitrogen metabolic disorders in MI.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares/química , MicroRNAs/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Animais , Análise Química do Sangue , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Feminino , Terapia Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/administração & dosagem , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo
16.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 34(3): 303-310, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236860

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The melatonin receptor (MT) agonist ramelteon has a higher affinity to MT1 than for MT2 receptors and induces cardioprotection by involvement of mitochondrial potassium channels. Activation of mitochondrial potassium channels leads to release of free radicals. We investigated whether (1) ramelteon-induced cardioprotection is MT2 receptor specific and (2) if free radicals are involved in ramelteon-induced cardioprotection. METHODS: Hearts of male Wistar rats were randomized, placed on a Langendorff system, and perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer at a constant pressure of 80 mmHg. All hearts were subjected to 33 min of global ischemia and 60 min of reperfusion. Before ischemia hearts were perfused with ramelteon (Ram) with or without the MT2 receptor inhibitor 4-phenyl-2-propionamidotetralin (4P-PDOT+Ram, 4P-PDOT). In subsequent experiments, ramelteon was administered together with the radical oxygen species (ROS) scavenger N-2-mercaptopropionylglycine (MPG+Ram). To determine whether the blockade of ramelteon-induced cardioprotection can be restored, we combined ramelteon and MPG with mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA) at different time points. Infarct size was determined by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. RESULTS: Ramelteon-induced infarct size reduction was completely blocked by 4P-PDOT and MPG. Ramelteon and MPG combined with CsA before ischemia were not cardioprotective but CsA at the onset of reperfusion could restore infarct size reduction. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows for the first time that despite the higher affinity to MT1 receptors, (1) ramelteon-induced cardioprotection involves MT2 receptors, (2) cardioprotection requires ROS release, and (3) inhibition of the mPTP can restore infarct size reduction.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Indenos/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptor MT2 de Melatonina/agonistas , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Preparação de Coração Isolado , Masculino , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Ratos Wistar , Receptor MT2 de Melatonina/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 4(4): 446-462, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284552

RESUMO

Environmental factors are the largest contributors to cardiovascular disease. Here we show that cardiac organoids that incorporate an oxygen-diffusion gradient and that are stimulated with the neurotransmitter noradrenaline model the structure of the human heart after myocardial infarction (by mimicking the infarcted, border and remote zones), and recapitulate hallmarks of myocardial infarction (in particular, pathological metabolic shifts, fibrosis and calcium handling) at the transcriptomic, structural and functional levels. We also show that the organoids can model hypoxia-enhanced doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. Human organoids that model diseases with non-genetic pathological factors could help with drug screening and development.


Assuntos
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade/patologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Organoides/metabolismo , Organoides/patologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 347-354, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132320

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the major causes of death worldwide, and the therapeutic strategies of MI are still limited. In this study, we investigated the function of miR-665 in MI. In the present study, an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rat model and a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced H9c2 cell model were successfully established to mimic the MI for in vivo and in vitro studies. The concentrations of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), IL-6, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were then measured. Moreover, cell viability and apoptosis were detected by MTT assay, TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL), and PI/FITC-annexin V assay. The binding of miR-665 and Pak1 was determined by luciferase assay. miR-665 was upregulated in I/R rats, and the overexpression of miR-665 significantly increased LDH, CK-MB, TNF-α, IL-6, and ROS concentrations and induced cell apoptosis, while knockdown of miR-665 had opposite results. Consistent with in vivo results, miR-665 induced cell apoptosis and ROS generation in H/R-treated H9c2 cells. More importantly, Pak1 was the target gene of miR-665, and knockdown of miR-665 depressed the accumulation of ROS and cell apoptosis by targeting Pak1 and promoting the phosphorylation of Akt, whereas knockdown of Pak1 could attenuate the protection of miR-665 inhibitor in H/R-treated H9c2 cells. Therefore, knockdown of miR-665 protects against cardiomyocyte ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced ROS accumulation and apoptosis through activating Pak1/Akt signaling in MI. In general, understanding the biology and modulation of miR-665 may have the potential to counteract the development of MI.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Quinases Ativadas por p21/genética
19.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(1): e202000105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is involved in complement regulation in ischemic postconditioning (IPC). METHODS: The left coronary artery of rats underwent 30 min of occlusion, followed by 120 min of reperfusion and treatment with IPC via 3 cycles of 30s reperfusion and 30s occlusion. The rats were injected intraperitoneally with 1 mg/kg HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin (GA) after anesthesia. Eighty rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), IPC and IPC + GA. Myocardial infarct size, apoptosis index and the expression of HSP90, C3, C5a, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1ß and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the I/R injury, the IPC treatment significantly reduced infarct size, release of troponin T, creatine kinase-MB, and lactate dehydrogenase, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. These beneficial effects were accompanied by a decrease in TNF-α, IL-1ß, C3, C5a and JNK expression levels. However, all these effects were abrogated by administration of the HSP90 inhibitor GA. CONCLUSION: HSP90 exerts a profound effect on IPC cardioprotection, and may be linked to the inhibition of the complement system and JNK, ultimately attenuating I/R-induced myocardial injury and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP90/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Lactamas Macrocíclicas/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Animais , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação , Pós-Condicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
20.
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 34(2): 165-178, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oestrogen receptor ß is believed to exert a cardioprotective effect against ischaemic injury. Nonetheless, the mechanism underlying its protective action remains to be fully elucidated. Recently, increased attention has been focused on Notch1 signalling for ameliorating cardiac ischaemic injury. Here, we hypothesised that oestrogen receptor ß activation attenuates myocardial infarction (MI)-induced cardiac damage by modulating the Notch1 signalling pathway. METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were used to establish an MI model through the ligation of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. Two chemical drugs, 2,3-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-propionitrile (DPN) and N-[N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl)-l-alanyl]-s-phenylglycine t-butyl ester (DAPT), a specific inhibitor of Notch1 signalling) were administered via intraperitoneal injection to change oestrogen receptor ß and Notch1 activities. Immunohistochemistry, western blot analysis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa) assessment and echocardiography were used in this study to analyse cardiac oxidative stress, apoptosis, infraction volume, fibrosis and cardiac function. RESULTS: DPN-mediated oestrogen receptor ß activation effectively protected cardiomyocytes from MI-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis. Furthermore, oestrogen receptor ß activation reduced the infarct size and lowered the levels of myocardial enzymes in the serum, thereby leading to greater overall cardiac function improvement. Ischaemic injury-induced myocardial fibrosis was attenuated by oestrogen receptor ß activation. Nevertheless, all of these cardioprotective effects of oestrogen receptor ß activation were almost abrogated by DAPT administration, i.e. DAPT attenuated the anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic effects and the decrease in infarct and fibrotic areas and reversed cardiac functional recovery. The levels of phospho-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) and phospho-protein kinase B (Akt) were increased after DPN administration, and this change was reversed after DAPT was administered. CONCLUSIONS: All of these new findings indicate that oestrogen receptor ß activation is effective in ameliorating MI-induced cardiac dysfunction by enhancing Notch1 signalling and that PI3K/Akt signalling is the downstream mediator.


Assuntos
Receptor beta de Estrogênio/agonistas , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Receptor Notch1/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Fibrose , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
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