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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e22049, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871964

RESUMO

The long-term association between serum albumin-to-creatinine ratio (sACR) and poor patient outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains unclear. This study aimed to determine whether sACR was a predictor of poor long-term survival in patients with AMI.This was a study of patients with AMI in the emergency department (ED) from the retrospective multicenter study for early evaluation of acute chest pain (REACP) study. The patients were categorized into tertiles (T1, T2, and T3) based on the admission sACR (0.445 and 0.584 g/µmol). Baseline sACR at admission to the ED was predictive of adverse outcomes. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality within the follow-up period. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to investigate the association between sACR and all-cause mortality in patients with AMI.A total of 2250 patients with AMI were enrolled, of whom 229 (10.2%) died within the median follow-up period of 10.7 (7.2-14.6) months. Patients with a lower sACR had higher all-cause mortality and adverse outcomes rates than patients with a higher sACR. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients with a higher sACR had a higher cumulative survival rate (P < .001). Cox regression analysis showed that a decreased sACR was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality [T2 vs T1: hazard ratio (HR); 0.550, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.348-0.867; P = .010 and T3 vs T1: HR, 0.305; 95% CI, 0.165-0.561; P < .001] and cardiac mortality (T2 vs T1: HR, 0.536; 95% CI, 0.332-0.866; P = .011 and T3 vs T1: HR, 0.309; 95% CI, 0.164-0.582, P < .001).The sACR at admission to ED was independently associated with adverse outcomes, indicating that baseline sACR was a useful biomarker to identify high-risk patients with AMI at an early phase in ED.


Assuntos
Creatinina/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 415, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methanol is widely used in industry; however, methanol poisoning is not common. In this regard, a number of outbreaks have been recently reported due to inappropriate processing of alcoholic beverages. Shiraz, a city located in the southern part of Iran, faced one of such outbreaks in 2020 during COVID-19 pandemic. There is no sufficient literature on the electrocardiographic findings in methanol toxicity. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature. METHOD: A total of 356 cases with methanol toxicity referred to Shiraz University of Medical Science Tertiary Hospitals (Faghihi and Namazi) in March and April, 2020. The clinical findings of blindness and impaired level of consciousness, lab data such as arterial blood gas, electrolytes, and creatinine, and the most common findings from ECGs were collected. RESULTS: The most common ECG findings were J point elevation (68.8%), presence of U wave (59.2%), QTc prolongation (53.2% in males and 28.6% in females), and fragmented QRS (33.7%). An outstanding finding in this study was the presence of myocardial infarction in 5.3% of the cases. This finding, to the best of our knowledge, has only been reported in a few case reports. Brugada pattern (8.1%) and Osborn wave (3.7%) were the other interesting findings. In multivariate analysis, when confounding factors were adjusted, myocardial infarction, atrioventricular conduction disturbances, sinus tachycardia, and the prolonged QTC > 500 msecond were four independent factors correlated with methanol toxicity severity measured with arterial blood PH on arterial blood gas measurements, with odds ratios of 12.82, 4.46, 2.32 and 3.15 (P < 0.05 for all), respectively. CONCLUSION: Electrocardiographic variations during methanol intoxication are remarkable and well-correlated with poisoning severity. Myocardial infarction was an egregious and yet a common concerning finding in this sample, which need to be ruled out in methanol toxicity.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular/induzido quimicamente , Cegueira/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos da Consciência/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome do QT Longo/induzido quimicamente , Metanol/envenenamento , Infarto do Miocárdio/induzido quimicamente , Solventes/envenenamento , Taquicardia Sinusal/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bebidas Alcoólicas , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/sangue , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Cegueira/sangue , Cegueira/fisiopatologia , Gasometria , Síndrome de Brugada/sangue , Síndrome de Brugada/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome de Brugada/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Consciência/sangue , Transtornos da Consciência/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Irã (Geográfico) , Síndrome do QT Longo/sangue , Síndrome do QT Longo/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Envenenamento/sangue , Envenenamento/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Taquicardia Sinusal/sangue , Taquicardia Sinusal/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 658-664, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641636

RESUMO

Increased body mass index (BMI) is a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, patients with elevated BMI, in comparison to those with low BMI, seem to have better survival, a phenomenon reported as "obesity paradox," which remains controversial. We investigated the effect of BMI on cardiac mortality post acute myocardial infarction (AMI).In this analysis, 3562 AMI patients were included and classified into four groups based on BMI values. The primary endpoint was cardiac death. Compared to normoweight group, overweight and obese group subjects were younger, mostly men, and more likely to receive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and had higher levels of glucose and lipids, but lower level of NTproBNP. Subjects in the underweight group were older, were mostly women, had lower Barthel index (BI), were less likely to receive PCI, and had lower levels of glucose and lipids, but higher level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) and higher rates of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%. During a median follow-up period of 1.9 years, cardiac death occurred significantly more in the underweight group (30.0%, 10.6%, 7.0%, and 5.0% among the four groups from underweight to obese; P < 0.001 for trend). The Cox analysis revealed that underweight was an independent predictor of subsequent cardiac death (odds ratio (OR), 1.86; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-3.25) and identified that older age, BI < 60, higher levels of cardiac troponin I (cTnI), LVEF < 50%, and not receiving PCI were independently associated with increased risk of cardiac death.Patients who were underweight were at greater risk of cardiac death post AMI. In addition, older age, frail, higher levels of cTnI, LVEF < 50%, and not receiving PCI also independently predicted cardiac mortality post AMI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Obesidade/complicações , Magreza/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações
4.
Angiology ; 71(9): 812-816, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715720

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a heterogeneous entity with an inflammatory etiopathogenesis. This study investigated the prognostic value of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with MINOCA. Coronary angiographies performed between June 2015 and August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively and included 72 patients with MINOCA and 248 controls with normal coronary angiograms. The predictors of mortality were determined by univariate Cox regression analysis. The mean age of the subjects was 46 ± 9 years, and 176 (55%) were female. Median follow-up was 21 (max: 42) months. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was significantly higher in the MINOCA group than in the controls (P < .01). During long-term follow-up, the number of deaths was 6 in the MINOCA group and none in the control patients (P < .01). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the NLR (hazard ratio: 1.24, 95% confidence interval: 1.09-1.41, P = .001) was a predictor of mortality in patients with MINOCA. Kaplan-Meier analysis also showed that patients with MINOCA had relatively higher mortality rate (long-rank test; P < .01). In conclusion, the NLR is significantly higher in patients with MINOCA compared with controls, and it is a predictor of long-term mortality.


Assuntos
Contagem de Linfócitos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Neutrófilos , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 21(2): 191-203, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706208

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) represents one of the most common hospital encounters, with significant short-term and long-term morbidity and mortality, and frequently occurs in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cardiac troponin is an exquisitely sensitive biomarker for myocardial injury and plays an essential role in the diagnosis, risk-stratification, and management of MI. In 2017, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved Roche Diagnostics' 5th generation high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) for clinical use. Whilst the improved analytical sensitivity of these new high-sensitivity troponin assays facilitate early diagnosis of MI, it also frequently identifies troponin elevations above the conventional reference threshold in the context of non-coronary conditions such as renal dysfunction, and can represent a major diagnostic challenge to clinicians. Furthermore, the optimal management strategy of patients with troponin elevation and high comorbidity burden, a common issue in patients with CKD, remains undefined. In recent years, there has been substantial research and progress undertaken in this rapidly evolving area. In this review, we aim to provide clinicians with an overview of hs-cTn in the setting of CKD as well as an update on its application and the particular considerations involved in the management of myocardial infarction, stable coronary artery disease and myocardial injury in this high risk population.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Troponina/sangue , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Comorbidade , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima
6.
Am Heart J ; 227: 1-8, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634671

RESUMO

Risk scores including the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) score; History, Electrocardiogram, Age, Risk Factors, and Troponin (HEART) score; and Simplified Emergency Department Assessment of Chest Pain Score (sEDACS) have been used to evaluate patients with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarct (AMI). This study assessed prognostic utility of cardiac risk stratification scores when augmented with a high-sensitivity cardiac troponin-I assay (hs-cTnI). METHODS: This study enrolled 2,505 suspected AMI patients at 29 hospitals in the United States from April 2015 to April 2016. Blood samples were tested for hs-cTnI on the Atellica IM TnIH Assay (Siemens Healthineers). Patients were considered low risk for death/AMI with a TIMI score = 0, HEART ≤3, sEDACS ≤15, and hs-cTnI <45 ng/L (99th percentile) at time 0 and 2-3 hours. RESULTS: There were 2,336 patients included after exclusions for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or incomplete data. At 30 days, 283 patients (12.1%) had been diagnosed with AMI, and there were 24 (1.0%) deaths and 213 (9.1%) revascularizations. Of 298 patients with death or AMI, 258 (86.6%) had elevated hs-cTnI. The HEART score and sEDACS identified 34.5% and 36.6% of patients as low risk, respectively. This was significantly more than the 12.1% identified by the TIMI score (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: The TIMI, HEART, and sEDACS scores all identify low-risk patients when combined with hs-cTnI measurements. The HEART score and sEDACS identified more low-risk patients compared to the TIMI score. These patients could be considered for discharge from the emergency department without further testing.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Troponina I/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
7.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(3): 1479164120922123, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a serious complication in patients with dysglycaemia, defined as either type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. Research focusing on the identification of potential markers for atherothrombotic disease in these subjects is warranted. The antiphospholipid syndrome is a common acquired prothrombotic condition, defined by a combination of thrombotic events and/or obstetric morbidity and positivity of specific antiphospholipid antibodies. Available information on antiphospholipid antibodies in dysglycaemia is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the association between antiphospholipid antibodies and dysglycaemia. PATIENTS/METHODS: The PAROKRANK (periodontitis and its relation to coronary artery disease) study included 805 patients, investigated 6-10 weeks after a first myocardial infarction, and 805 matched controls. Participants without known diabetes (91%) underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Associations between antiphospholipid antibodies (anti-cardiolipin and anti-ß2 glycoprotein-I IgG, IgM and IgA) and dysglycaemia were analysed. RESULTS: In total, 137 (9%) subjects had previously known type 2 diabetes and 371 (23%) newly diagnosed dysglycaemia. Compared with the normoglycaemic participants, those with dysglycaemia had a higher proportion with first myocardial infarction (61% vs 45%, p < 0.0001) and were more often antiphospholipid antibody IgG positive (8% vs 5%; p = 0.013). HbA1c, fasting glucose and 2-h glucose were significantly associated to antiphospholipid antibody IgG. Odds ratios (ORs) were 1.04 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.06), 1.14 (95% CI 1.00 - 1.27) and 1.12 (95% CI 1.04 - 1.21), respectively, after adjustments for age, gender and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports an association between antiphospholipid antibody IgG positivity and dysglycaemia. Further studies are needed to verify these findings and to investigate if antithrombotic therapy reduces vascular complications in antiphospholipid antibody positive subjects with dysglycaemia.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Idoso , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/complicações , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Suécia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20305, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TNF-like cytokine 1A (TL1A) is a subgroup of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that exerts pleiotropic effects on cell proliferation, inflammation, activation, and differentiation of immune cells. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the clinical significance of TL1A expression in coronary and peripheral blood of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to determine if TL1A levels can serve as an accurate prognostic indicator. METHODS: A total of 141 patients undergoing coronary angiography were divided into 4 groups: Control (n = 35), Unstable Angina (UA) (n = 35), acute non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (n = 37), and acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (n = 34). The levels of TL1A, MPO, hs-CRP, and IL-10 were detected in coronary and peripheral blood using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the MACE incidence rates were compared during 26.3 months of follow-up. RESULTS: TL1A levels were not significantly different between the UA group and control group. In the UA group, TL1A levels were not significantly different between coronary blood and peripheral blood. However, TL1A levels were higher in the STEMI and NSTEMI groups than in the control group (P < .05). Moreover, TL1A levels in the coronary blood of the STEMI and NSTEMI groups were higher than in the peripheral blood (P < .05). The expression of TL1A in the coronary blood was the highest in the STEMI group. In addition, TL1A level in the coronary blood was highly correlated with levels in the peripheral blood (correlation coefficient: 0.899, P < .001). The hs-CRP and MPO levels in the coronary and peripheral blood of all the UA, NSTEMI, and STEMI groups were higher than the control group. Plasma IL-10 levels in all the UA, NSTEMI and STEMI groups were lower than those in the control group. Plasma TL1A level was positively correlated with the cTnI level, degree of coronary thrombus burden, occurrence of slow coronary flow / no coronary reflow and MACE, but negatively correlated with the IL-10 level or non-correlated with the Syntax score. CONCLUSION: Plasma TL1A concentration levels can be used as a predictor of inflammatory response and prognosis in patients with ACS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, number: NCT02430025; Unique Protocol ID: FJPH20150101; Brief Title: Fujian Province Cardiovascular Diseases Study (FJCVD).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Membro 15 da Superfamília de Ligantes de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/biossíntese , Idoso , Angina Instável/sangue , Biomarcadores , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/classificação
9.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2647-2658, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368046

RESUMO

Purpose: Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury primarily causes myocardial infarction (MI), which is manifested by cell death. Angiogenesis is essential for repair and regeneration in cardiac tissue after MI. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of exosomes derived from the serum of MI patients in angiogenesis and its related mechanism. Patients and Methods: Exosomes, isolated from serum, were collected from MI (MI-exosome) and control (Con-exosome) patients. After coculturing with human umbilical vein endothelial cells, MI-exosome promoted cell proliferation, migration, and tube formation. Results: The results revealed that the production and release of MI-exosome were associated with cardiomyocytes. Moreover, microarray assays demonstrated that miRNA-143 was significantly decreased in MI-exosome. Meanwhile, the overexpression and knockdown of miRNA-143 could inhibit and enhance angiogenesis, respectively. Furthermore, the effect of exosomal miRNA-143 on angiogenesis was mediated by its targeting gene, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR), and was associated with the production of nitric oxide (NO). Conclusion: Taken together, exosomes derived from the serum of patients with MI promoted angiogenesis through the IGF-IR/NO signaling pathway. The results provide novel understanding of the function of exosomes in MI.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(2): 227-231, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428160

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: An association between increased serum ferritin levels and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to confirm the association between increased serum ferritin levels and AMI. METHODS: We searched PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant articles that assessed the association between serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction using terms that included serum ferritin and acute myocardial infarction up to February 13, 2019. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies were identified for analysis. All pooled analysis was based on a random-effects models. The variance was exhibited using a forest plot, and the heterogeneity among studies was examined using the I2 index, the publication bias was evaluated using a funnel plot. The pooled standard mean difference of ferritin levels between AMI and controls was 0.78 (95%CI,0.68-0.88). CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis demonstrate that serum ferritin in acute myocardial infarction patients is higher than that of healthy controls.


Assuntos
Ferritinas/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
11.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232572, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In a previous analysis of a post-myocardial infarction (MI) cohort, abnormally high systemic vascular resistances (SVR) were shown to be frequently revealed by MRI during the healing period, independently of MI severity, giving evidence of vascular dysfunction and limiting further recovery of cardiac function. The present ancillary and exploratory analysis of the same cohort was aimed at characterizing those patients suffering from high SVR remotely from MI with a large a panel of cardiovascular MRI parameters and blood biomarkers. METHODS: MRI and blood sampling were performed 2-4 days after a reperfused MI and 6 months thereafter in 121 patients. SVR were monitored with a phase-contrast MRI sequence and patients with abnormally high SVR at 6-months were characterized through MRI parameters and blood biomarkers, including Galectin-3, an indicator of cardiovascular inflammation and fibrosis after MI. SVR were normal at 6-months in 90 patients (SVR-) and abnormally high in 31 among whom 21 already had high SVR at the acute phase (SVR++) while 10 did not (SVR+). RESULTS: When compared with SVR-, both SVR+ and SVR++ exhibited lower recovery in cardiac function from baseline to 6-months, while baseline levels of Galectin-3 were significantly different in both SVR+ (median: 14.4 (interquartile range: 12.3-16.7) ng.mL-1) and SVR++ (13.0 (11.7-19.4) ng.mL-1) compared to SVR- (11.7 (9.8-13.5) ng.mL-1, both p < 0.05). Plasma Galectin-3 was an independent baseline predictor of high SVR at 6-months (p = 0.002), together with the baseline levels of SVR and left ventricular end-diastolic volume, whereas indices of MI severity and left ventricular function were not. In conclusion, plasma Galectin-3 predicts a deleterious vascular dysfunction affecting post-MI patients, an observation that could lead to consider new therapeutic targets if confirmed through dedicated prospective studies.


Assuntos
Galectina 3/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Vasculares/sangue , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia
12.
Neurology ; 94(22): e2346-e2360, 2020 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether immune cell composition and content of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in relation to clinical outcome are different between acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we performed histologic analysis and correlated results with clinical and procedural parameters. METHODS: We retrieved thrombi from patients with AIS (n = 71) and AMI (n = 72) during endovascular arterial recanalization and analyzed their immune cell composition and NET content by immunohistology. We then associated thrombus composition with procedural parameters and outcome in AIS and with cardiac function in patients with AMI. Furthermore, we compared AIS thrombi with AMI thrombi and differentiated Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classifications to address potential differences in thrombus pathogenesis. RESULTS: Amounts of leukocytes (p = 0.133) and neutrophils (p = 0.56) were similar between AIS and AMI thrombi. Monocytes (p = 0.0052), eosinophils (p < 0.0001), B cells (p < 0.0001), and T cells (p < 0.0001) were more abundant in stroke compared with AMI thrombi. NETs were present in 100% of patients with AIS and 20.8% of patients with AMI. Their abundance in thrombi was associated with poor outcome scores in patients with AIS and with reduced ejection fraction in patients with AMI. CONCLUSION: In our detailed histologic analysis of arterial thrombi, thrombus composition and especially abundance of leukocyte subsets differed between patients with AIS and AMI. The presence and amount of NETs were associated with patients' outcome after AIS and AMI, supporting a critical impact of NETs on thrombus stability in both conditions.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Trombose/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Armadilhas Extracelulares/química , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 125-132, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308405

RESUMO

Background: Risk stratification models with incorporation of biochemical markers have received attention recently. In acute myocardial infarction (AMI) one such marker is lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)). Lp(a) has prothrombotic and proinflammatory properties. High levels of Lp(a) probably contribute to the additional adverse effects in AMI, as it enhances the damaging effect of acute thrombosis. This study aimed to evaluate serum Lp(a) as a predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in hospitalized-acute myocardial infarction patients. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted at Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar, during June-August 2018, among 66 people by consecutive sampling. Samples that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were examined for serum Lp(a) at the time of admission and the occurrence of MACE during hospitalization was observed. Data regarding serum Lp(a), demography, smoking history, dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and MACE were collected. Log rank test and Cox proportional hazards regression were conducted with SPSS version 20 for Windows. Results: During observation, MACE occurred in 25 (38%) patients, including cardiogenic shock in 7 (10.6%) patients, heart failure in 20 (30.3%) patients, cardiovascular death in 5 (7, 6%) patients, malignant arrhythmias in 5 (7.6%) patients, and postinfarction angina in 5 (7.6%) patients. After the Log rank test, a significant difference in survival was observed (p = 0.001) between groups of high Lp(a) (survival rate of 60.6 hours; 95% CI 43.3-77.9) and low Lp(a) (average survival of 104.3 hours, 95% CI 91.4-117.2). The hazard ratio of high Lp(a) against MACE was 4.63 (p=0.002), and it increased to 4.69 in multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards regression test (p=0.003). Conclusion: The high level of Lp(a) in AMI patients was a risk factor for the occurrence of MACE during hospitalization. Patients with high Lp(a) also had worse survival compared to patients with low Lp(a).


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Admissão do Paciente , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima
14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1654, 2020 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245966

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases lead to 31.5% of deaths globally, and particularly myocardial infarction (MI) results in 7.4 million deaths per year. Diagnosis of MI and monitoring for prognostic use are critical for clinical management and biomedical research, which require advanced tools with accuracy and speed. Herein, we developed a plasmonic gold nano-island (pGold) chip assay for diagnosis and monitoring of MI. On-chip microarray analysis of serum biomarkers (e.g., cardiac troponin I) afforded up to 130-fold enhancement of near-infrared fluorescence for ultra-sensitive and quantitative detection within controlled periods, using 10 µL of serum only. The pGold chip assay achieved MI diagnostic sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95.54%, superior to the standard chemiluminescence immunoassay in cardiovascular clinics. Further, we monitored biomarker concentrations regarding percutaneous coronary intervention for prognostic purpose. Our work demonstrated a designed approach using plasmonic materials for enhanced diagnosis and monitoring for prognostic use towards point-of-care testing.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Análise em Microsséries/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Engenharia Biomédica/métodos , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Prognóstico , Troponina T/sangue
15.
Georgian Med News ; (299): 70-74, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242848

RESUMO

Aim of study ‒ assess an impact of percutaneous coronary intervention on markers of matrix degradation (MMP-13, TIMP-4) and endothelial-dependent mediators (sVE-cadherin, ADMA) in patients with acute myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus type 2. 110 patients with AMI were enrolled in the study, 70 patients had concomitant diabetes mellitus type 2. They were additionally divided into two subgroups depending on the treatment (percutaneous coronary intervention or conservative therapy). According to the obtained results, misbalance of extracellular matrix degradation markers (MMP-13, TIMP-4) and endothelial dysfunction (sVE-cadherin, ADMA) were revealed in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Performing of PCI procedure contributes to the significant lowering of MMP-13, sVE-cadherin, ADMA and increasing of TIMP-4 in diabetic patients. It was establishted that performing of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction and diabetes mellitus type 2 contributes to the maintenance of extracellular matrix that prevents myocardium remodeling and improvement of endothelial function.


Assuntos
Caderinas/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores Teciduais de Metaloproteinases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Miocárdio , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez
16.
Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis ; 14: 1753944720912071, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment after a myocardial infarction (MI) is poor, even in the early postinfarction period. Combining evidence-based drugs into a multicap could improve adherence in this population. No previous randomized trial assessing fixed-dose combination therapy has included patients early after a MI. We aimed to assess if a multicap containing four secondary prevention drugs increases adherence to treatment at 6 months after MI hospitalization. The study was designed as a randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial. METHODS: Patients were randomized within 7 days of a MI to either multicap or control group. The multicap group received a capsule containing aspirin, atenolol, ramipril, and simvastatin. The control group received each drug in separate pills. The primary outcome was adherence at 6 months. We also measured blood pressure, heart rate, serum cholesterol levels, C-reactive protein, and platelet aggregation. RESULTS: The study was stopped prematurely when 100 patients were included for futility. At 6 months, 92 (95.8%) patients were adherent to medical treatment: 98.0% in the multicap group and 93.5% in the control group [relative risk (RR) 1.05; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.96-1.14; p = 0.347]. There were no differences between groups in systolic blood pressure (p = 0.662), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.784), heart rate (p = 0.533), total cholesterol (p = 0.760), LDL-c (p = 0.979), C-reactive protein (p = 0.399), or in the proportion of patients with adequate platelet aggregation inhibition (p = 0.600). CONCLUSIONS: The study did not find any improvement in the adherence at 6 months after a MI with a multicap-based strategy (Multicap for Increase Adherence After Acute Myocardial Infarction; [ ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02271178]).


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Atenolol/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Adesão à Medicação , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Ramipril/administração & dosagem , Sinvastatina/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Administração Oral , Antagonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 1/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Argentina , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Atenolol/efeitos adversos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ramipril/efeitos adversos , Prevenção Secundária , Sinvastatina/efeitos adversos , Comprimidos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cell ; 180(5): 862-877.e22, 2020 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142679

RESUMO

Using untargeted metabolomics (n = 1,162 subjects), the plasma metabolite (m/z = 265.1188) phenylacetylglutamine (PAGln) was discovered and then shown in an independent cohort (n = 4,000 subjects) to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and incident major adverse cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, or death). A gut microbiota-derived metabolite, PAGln, was shown to enhance platelet activation-related phenotypes and thrombosis potential in whole blood, isolated platelets, and animal models of arterial injury. Functional and genetic engineering studies with human commensals, coupled with microbial colonization of germ-free mice, showed the microbial porA gene facilitates dietary phenylalanine conversion into phenylacetic acid, with subsequent host generation of PAGln and phenylacetylglycine (PAGly) fostering platelet responsiveness and thrombosis potential. Both gain- and loss-of-function studies employing genetic and pharmacological tools reveal PAGln mediates cellular events through G-protein coupled receptors, including α2A, α2B, and ß2-adrenergic receptors. PAGln thus represents a new CVD-promoting gut microbiota-dependent metabolite that signals via adrenergic receptors.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Glutamina/análogos & derivados , Trombose/metabolismo , Animais , Artérias/lesões , Artérias/metabolismo , Artérias/microbiologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Plaquetas/microbiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/microbiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/patologia , Glutamina/sangue , Glutamina/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Metaboloma/genética , Metabolômica/métodos , Camundongos , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/microbiologia , Ativação Plaquetária/genética , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa/sangue , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa/genética , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta/sangue , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta/genética , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/microbiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Trombose/genética , Trombose/microbiologia , Trombose/patologia
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1315, 2020 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161256

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia is one of the leading health problems worldwide. Therapy consists of the restitution of coronary perfusion which is followed by myocardial inflammation. Platelet-neutrophil interaction is a crucial process during inflammation, yet its consequences are not fully understood. Here, we show that platelet-neutrophil complexes (PNCs) are increased in patients with acute myocardial infarction and that this is associated with increased levels of neuronal guidance protein semaphorin 7A (SEMA7A). To investigate this further, we injected WT animals with Sema7a and found increased infarct size with increased numbers of PNCs. Experiments in genetically modified animals identify Sema7a on red blood cells to be crucial for this condition. Further studies revealed that Sema7a interacts with the platelet receptor glycoprotein Ib (GPIb). Treatment with anti-Sema7a antibody protected from myocardial tissue injury. In summary, we show that Sema7a binds to platelet GPIb and enhances platelet thrombo-inflammatory activity, aggravating post-ischemic myocardial tissue injury.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIb-IX de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Semaforinas/metabolismo , Trombose/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Plaquetas/imunologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eritrócitos/imunologia , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/imunologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/sangue , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/imunologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Semaforinas/genética , Semaforinas/imunologia , Trombose/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Mol Immunol ; 120: 130-135, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The complement system plays an important role in the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Complement C1q is an important initial component of the classical complement pathway and closely related to many chronic inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis (AS). We aimed to determine whether there was association between serum complement C1q and the severity of coronary stenosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 320 patients who underwent coronary arteriography (CAG) were stratified into non-ACS group (control group, n = 74), unstable angina group (UA group, n = 197) and acute myocardial infarction group (AMI group, n = 49) according to the severity of coronary stenosis and clinical manifestations. The severity of coronary stenosis was represented in Gensini score, and serum complement C1q level was compared using immunity transmission turbidity among three groups. RESULTS: The level of complement C1q in AMI group was lower significantly than control group and UA group (P < 0.05), but there was no correlation between serum complement C1q and Gensini score (ß=-0.086, P = 0.125). In nitrate-taking patients, serum complement C1q had a negative association with Gensini score (r=-0.275, P = 0.001), and in non-smokers, there was also a negative correlation (ß=-0.159, P = 0.036). After calibrating smoking, drinking or statins, the serum complement C1q levels of control group, UA group and AMI group decreased in sequence (P <  0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the decreasing of serum complement C1q was an unfavorable factor for acute myocardial infarction (OR=0.984, 95 %CI=0.972∼0.997, P = 0.015) and for ACS (OR=0.984, 95 %CI=0.971∼0.984, P = 0.025) in drinking patients. Regrettably, ROC curve suggested that the accuracy in diagnosing coronary atherosclerotic heart disease by serum complement C1q was low (AUC=0.568, 95 %CI= 0.492-0.644, P = 0.076, sensitivity 73.6 %, specificity 58.1 %). CONCLUSION: Serum complement C1q in ACS patients, in particular AMI patients, showed lower level. This finding suggests further decrease of complement C1q level in ACS patients may be a contributory factor to instability or rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Combined with other clinical indicators, it can be helpful to predict the risk and severity of coronary stenosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/imunologia , Complemento C1q/metabolismo , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Angina Instável/sangue , Angina Instável/complicações , Angina Instável/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complemento C1q/deficiência , Estenose Coronária/sangue , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Estenose Coronária/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/imunologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Placa Aterosclerótica/imunologia , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Ruptura Espontânea
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