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4.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 41(1): 1-90, ene. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194912

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: En diciembre de 2019 surgió en Wuhan, China, la COVID-19, causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 y declarada pandemia global por la Organización Mundial de la Salud en marzo de 2020. Es una infección respiratoria con complicaciones a nivel cardiaco, hematológico, digestivo, neurológico y renal. El fracaso renal agudo (FRA) en pacientes hospitalizados por COVID-19 se presenta en el 0,5-25% y es un factor de mal pronóstico. Los mecanismos de afectación renal no están completamente aclarados. Presentamos la evolución clínica de pacientes ingresados por COVID-19 con FRA que requirieron atención por Nefrología en un hospital terciario de la Comunidad de Madrid, España. MÉTODOS: Este es un estudio observacional prospectivo de todos los casos que ingresaron por COVID-19 entre el 6 de marzo y el 12 de mayo de 2020 y requirieron atención por Nefrología. Se recogieron datos clínicos y analíticos de características basales, y la evolución de la COVID-19 y del FRA. RESULTADOS: Se analizaron 41 pacientes con una edad media de 66,8 años (DE 2,1), el 90,2% varones, y con enfermedad renal crónica previa en el 36,6%. El 56,1% presentaron neumonía grave o síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo y el 31,7% requirió ingreso en UCI. El FRA fue de etiología prerrenal en el 61%, necrosis tubular aguda en contexto de sepsis en el 24,4%, glomerular en el 7,3% y por toxicidad tubular en el 7,3%. Se registró proteinuria en el 88,9% y hematuria en el 79,4%. El 48,8% de los pacientes requirió terapia de sustitución renal. La mediana de estancia fue de 12 días (RIC 9-23), y el 22% fallecieron. Los pacientes que desarrollaron FRA durante el ingreso presentaron valores más altos de proteína C reactiva, LDH y dímero-D, una afectación pulmonar más grave, más necesidad de ingreso en UCI, más tratamiento con lopinavir/ritonavir y fármacos biológicos, y mayor necesidad de terapia de sustitución renal. CONCLUSIONES: La hipovolemia y la deshidratación son una causa frecuente de FRA en pacientes con COVID-19. Aquellos que desarrollan FRA intrahospitalario presentan un perfil de peor pronóstico respiratorio, analítico y renal. Creemos que la monitorización de marcadores renales, así como el manejo individualizado de la volemia, pueden ser determinantes para prevenir el FRA


BACKGROUND AND AIM: In December 2019, a coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by SARS-CoV-2, took place in Wuhan, China, and was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 by the World Health Organization. It is a prominently respiratory infection, with potential cardiological, hematological, gastrointestinal and renal complications. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is found in 0.5-25% of hospitalized COVID-19 patients and constitutes a negative prognostic factor. Renal damage mechanisms are not completely clear. We report the clinical evolution of hospitalized COVID-19 patients who presented with AKI requiring attention from the Nephrology team in a tertiary hospital in Madrid, Spain. METHODS: This is an observational prospective study including all COVID-19 cases that required hospitalization and Nephrology management from March 6th to May 12th 2020. We collected clinical and analytical data of baseline characteristics, COVID-19 and AKI evolutions. RESULTS: We analyzed 41 patients with a mean age of 66.8 years (SD 2.1), 90.2% males, and with a history of chronic kidney disease in 36.6%. A percentage of 56.1 presented with severe pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome, and 31.7% required intensive care. AKI etiology was prerenal in 61%, acute tubular necrosis in the context of sepsis in 24.4%, glomerular in 7.3% and tubular toxicity in 7.3% of the cases. We reported proteinuria in 88.9% and hematuria in 79.4% of patients. A percentage of 48.8 required renal replacement therapy. Median length of stay was 12 days (IQR 9-23) and 22% of the population died. Patients who developed AKI during hospital stay presented with higher C-reactive protein, LDH and D-dimer values, more severe pulmonary damage, more frequent ICU admission, treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir and biological drugs and renal replacement therapy requirement. CONCLUSIONS: Hypovolemia and dehydration are a frequent cause of AKI among COVID-19 patients. Those who develop AKI during hospitalization display worse prognostic factors in terms of pulmonary damage, renal damage, and analytical findings. We believe that monitorization of renal markers, as well as individualized fluid management, can play a key role in AKI prevention


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pandemias , Hospitalização , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Lesão Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Diálise Renal/métodos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico
5.
Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol ; 96(1): 32-40, ene. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192560

RESUMO

En esta revisión resumimos las principales publicaciones que informan sobre las potenciales manifestaciones oculares de la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19). La evidencia científica se basa en cartas al editor, casos clínicos aislados y series de casos, principalmente de corte transversal. Hasta la fecha, incluimos la conjuntivitis viral, una conjuntivitis inmunomediada y parálisis oculomotoras (POM). Se discute la posibilidad de retinopatía. La conjuntivitis viral puede aparecer aislada o asociada al cuadro sistémico, principalmente pulmonar, antes o después del inicio de los síntomas respiratorios. Puede ser tanto unilateral como bilateral, es típica la presencia de folículos, y presenta una duración variable entre 5 y 20 días. La conjuntivitis inmunomediada consiste en un enrojecimiento ocular acompañada de eritrodermia y febrícula. Aparece más frecuentemente en los niños y se ha asociado a un cuadro «Kawasaki-like» y síndrome del shock tóxico. Las POM pueden presentarse de forma aislada, o formando parte de un síndrome de Miller-Fisher, junto con ataxia e hiporreflexia. Los oftalmólogos presentamos un riesgo considerable de contraer la COVID-19 debido a un contacto estrecho con el paciente, exposición a las lágrimas y a las secreciones oculares y al uso de multitud de equipos y aparatos susceptibles de contaminarse


In this review, a summary is presented of the main reports regarding the potential ocular manifestations of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Scientific evidence is based on letters to the editor, clinical cases and case series, cross-sectional, and a few longitudinal studies. To date, it includes viral conjunctivitis, immune conjunctivitis, and oculomotor palsies (OCP) due to the novel coronavirus. Retinopathy is discussed. A viral conjunctivitis outbreak can be isolated or associated with the systemic picture, mainly pulmonary, before or after the onset of respiratory symptoms. It can be both unilateral and bilateral, follicles are typical, and duration is variable between 5 and 21 days. Immune-mediated conjunctivitis consists of eye redness, together with erythroderma and fever. It appears more frequently in children, and has been associated with a «Kawasaki-like» disease and toxic shock syndrome. OCP can present on its own, or as part of Miller-Fisher syndrome, along with ataxia, and hyporeflexia. Ophthalmologists have a considerable risk of developing COVID-19 due to close contact with the patient, exposure to tears and eye secretions, and the use of various pieces of equipment and devices susceptible to contamination


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Pandemias , Conjuntivite Viral
8.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(1): 110-112, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039267

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is often characterized by abnormal olfactory and gustatory symptoms in adults; however, detailed studies on pediatric patients with COVID-19 are extremely limited. A 13-year-old Japanese girl presented with fever and cough, and after 2 days, her olfactory and taste sensations suddenly disappeared. A real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was performed using a nasopharyngeal swab. Because a positive result was seen, she was admitted on the 7th day of illness. On admission, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score for smell and taste was 0 of 100%. An intravenous olfaction test using prosultiamine (Alinamin test) was performed on the 15th day of illness to evaluate olfaction, and an increase in latency (33 seconds) and a decrease in duration (55 seconds) were observed. In the odor identification test using 12 different odor cards, only 7 odors were correctly identified. On the 18th day of illness, SARS-CoV-2 tested negative in the RT-PCR test; simultaneously, the VAS score for smell and taste fully improved to 100 of 100%. On the 77th day of illness, full recovery was confirmed in the Alinamin test (latency, 7 seconds; duration, 82 seconds). In this present case, an improvement in olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was observed with negative results in RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Paladar/etiologia , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Olfato , Paladar , Distúrbios do Paladar/diagnóstico
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730915

RESUMO

In December 2019, the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) infection was reported. In only few weeks it has caused a global pandemic, with mortality reaching 3.4%, mostly due to a severe pneumonia. However, the impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus on the central nervous system (CNS) and mental health outcomes remains unclear. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of other types of coronaviruses in the brain, especially in the brainstem. There is evidence that the novel coronavirus can penetrate CNS through the olfactory or circulatory route as well as it can have an indirect impact on the brain by causing cytokine storm. There are also first reports of neurological signs in patients infected by the SARS-Cov-2. They show that COVID-19 patients have neurologic manifestations like acute cerebrovascular disease, conscious disturbance, taste and olfactory disturbances. In addition, there are studies showing that certain psychopathological symptoms might appear in infected patients, including those related to mood and psychotic disorders as well as post-traumatic stress disorder. Accumulating evidence also indicates that the pandemic might have a great impact on mental health from the global perspective, with medical workers being particularly vulnerable. In this article, we provide a review of studies investigating the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the CNS and mental health outcomes. We describe neurobiology of the virus, highlighting the relevance to mental disorders. Furthermore, this article summarizes the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 from the public health perspective. Finally, we present a critical appraisal of evidence and indicate future directions for studies in this field.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Encéfalo/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Infect Chemother ; 27(1): 99-102, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023821

RESUMO

We present three patients affected by pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma, metastatic esophageal cancer and advanced non-Hodgkin lymphoma, who incurred in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection during the early phase of epidemic wave in Italy. All patients presented with fever. Social contact with subject positive for COVID-19 was declared in only one of the three cases. In all cases, laboratory findings showed lymphopenia and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP). Chest x-ray and computed tomography showed bilateral ground-glass opacities, shadowing, interstitial abnormalities, and "crazy paving" pattern which evolved with superimposition of consolidations in one patient. All patients received antiviral therapy based on ritonavir and lopinavir, associated with hydroxychloroquine. Despite treatment, two patients with advanced cancers died after 39 and 17 days of hospitalization, while the patient with lung cancer was dismissed at home, in good conditions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Surtos de Doenças , Quimioterapia Combinada , Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Itália , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/complicações , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Ann Med ; 53(1): 103-116, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia has emerged as an important risk factor for death in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between blood glucose (BG) levels and in-hospital mortality in non-critically patients hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS: This is a retrospective multi-centre study involving patients hospitalized in Spain. Patients were categorized into three groups according to admission BG levels: <140 mg/dL, 140-180 mg/dL and >180 mg/dL. The primary endpoint was all-cause in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Of the 11,312 patients, only 2128 (18.9%) had diabetes and 2289 (20.4%) died during hospitalization. The in-hospital mortality rates were 15.7% (<140 mg/dL), 33.7% (140-180 mg) and 41.1% (>180 mg/dL), p<.001. The cumulative probability of mortality was significantly higher in patients with hyperglycaemia compared to patients with normoglycaemia (log rank, p<.001), independently of pre-existing diabetes. Hyperglycaemia (after adjusting for age, diabetes, hypertension and other confounding factors) was an independent risk factor of mortality (BG >180 mg/dL: HR 1.50; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.31-1.73) (BG 140-180 mg/dL; HR 1.48; 95%CI: 1.29-1.70). Hyperglycaemia was also associated with requirement for mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Admission hyperglycaemia is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality in non-critically hospitalized COVID-19 patients regardless of prior history of diabetes. KEY MESSAGE Admission hyperglycaemia is a stronger and independent risk factor for mortality in COVID-19. Screening for hyperglycaemia, in patients without diabetes, and early treatment of hyperglycaemia should be mandatory in the management of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Admission hyperglycaemia should not be overlooked in all patients regardless prior history of diabetes.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha/epidemiologia
12.
Acta Pharm ; 71(2): 175-184, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151168

RESUMO

Recently, an outbreak of a fatal coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has emerged from China and is rapidly spreading worldwide. Possible interaction of SARS-CoV-2 with DPP4 peptidase may partly contribute to the viral pathogenesis. An integrative bioinformatics approach starting with mining the biomedical literature for high confidence DPP4-protein/gene associations followed by functional analysis using network analysis and pathway enrichment was adopted. The results indicate that the identified DPP4 networks are highly enriched in viral processes required for viral entry and infection, and as a result, we propose DPP4 as an important putative target for the treatment of COVID-19. Additionally, our protein-chemical interaction networks identified important interactions between DPP4 and sitagliptin. We conclude that sitagliptin may be beneficial for the treatment of COVID-19 disease, either as monotherapy or in combination with other therapies, especially for diabetic patients and patients with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions who are already at higher risk of COVID-19 mortality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/farmacologia , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfato de Sitagliptina/farmacologia , Fosfato de Sitagliptina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Biologia Computacional , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cristalografia por Raios X , Mineração de Dados , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações
13.
Crit Care Clin ; 37(1): 175-190, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190768

RESUMO

Older adults are particularly vulnerable during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, because higher age increases risk for both delirium and COVID-19-related death. Despite the health care system limitations and the clinical challenges of the pandemic, delirium screening and management remains an evidence-based cornerstone of critical care. This article discusses practical recommendations for delirium screening in the COVID-19 pandemic era, tips for training health care workers in delirium screening, validated tools for detecting delirium in critically ill older adults, and approaches to special populations of older adults (eg, sensory impairment, dementia, acute neurologic injury).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Delírio/complicações , Delírio/diagnóstico , Demência/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Perda Auditiva/complicações , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pandemias , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Transtornos da Visão/complicações
14.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(11): 502-505, dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic the risk of misdiagnosis of other causes of respiratory infection is likely. In this work we aim to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of pneumococcal infection in COVID-19 patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Every COVID-19 patient presenting with concomitant pneumococcal pneumonia during March 2020 in a tertiary teaching Hospital In Barcelona, Spain. RESULTS: Five patients with PCR confirmed COVID19 or clinical and radiological suspicion were diagnosed of pneumococcal infection. In all cases chest X-ray were abnormal, with unilateral or bilateral infiltrates. Procalcitonin showed to be not sensitive enough to detect pneumococcal infection. Antibiotherapy was promptly started in all five cases with subsequent satisfactory evolution. CONCLUSION: International guidelines do not include the universal screening for bacterial co-infection. Radiological pattern of COVID-19 can be indistinguishable from that of pneumococcus pneumonia and frequency of co-infection is not well stablished, therefore clinicians should be aware of the possible SARS-CoV-2-pneumococcus association to avoid misdiagnosis and delay antibiotic therapy


INTRODUCCIÓN: En el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19 el riesgo de errores en el diagnóstico de otras causas de infección respiratoria es elevado. En este trabajo describimos las características clínicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de los pacientes con coinfección por COVID-19 y neumococo. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Todos los pacientes con COVID-19 que presentaron neumonía neumocócica durante marzo 2020 en un hospital universitario de Barcelona, España. RESULTADOS: Cinco pacientes con COVID-19 confirmada por PCR o sospecha radiológica fueron diagnosticados de infección por neumococo. En todos los casos la radiografía de tórax era patológica con infiltrado unilateral o bilateral. La procalcitonina demostró no ser suficientemente sensible para detectar la infección neumocócica. La antibioterapia fue iniciada de manera precoz en los 5 casos con evolución satisfactoria. CONCLUSIONES: Las guías internacionales no incluyen el cribado universal para coinfección bacteriana. El patrón radiológico del COVID-19 puede ser indistinguible de la neumonía neumocócica, y la frecuencia de la coinfección no ha sido establecida. Los clínicos deben de ser conscientes de la posible asociación de SARS-CoV-2 y neumococo para evitar errores diagnósticos y retrasos en el tratamiento antibiótico


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Superinfecção/complicações , Infecções Pneumocócicas/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Radiografia Torácica
15.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(11): 488-490, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190829

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is controversy concerning the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin II type-I receptor blockers (ARB) for treating hypertensive patients with Covid-19. It has been hypothesized that these drugs might increase the risk of severe Covid-19, but some authors suggested that blocking the renin-angiotensin system might actually decrease this risk. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all the consecutive hypertensive patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection in a health area. The outcome variable was hospitalization because of severe Covid-19. RESULTS: 539 subjects were diagnosed of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Of these, 157 (29.1%) had hypertension and were included in the study. Sixty-nine cases (43.9%) were hospitalized because of severe Covid-19. In multivariable analysis older age, diabetes and hypertensive myocadiopathy were related to a higher risk of hospital admission. ARB treatment was associated with a significantly lower risk of hospitalization (HR: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.10 - 0.88). A similar albeit not significant trend was observed for ACEI. CONCLUSION: ARB or ACEI treatment was not associated with a worse clinical outcome in consecutive hypertensive patients infected by SARS-CoV-2


INTRODUCCIÓN: Existe controversia respecto al uso de los inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina (IECA) o los bloqueadores de los receptores tipo I de la angiotensina II (ARA-II) para el tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial en COVID-19. Se ha sugerido que estos fármacos podrían tanto aumentar como reducir el riesgo de COVID-19 grave. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio de cohortes retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos de un área sanitaria, con hipertensión e infección por SARS-CoV-2. Variable de resultados: ingreso hospitalario por COVID-19 grave. RESULTADOS: Fueron diagnosticados 539 sujetos por infección por SARS-CoV-2. De estos, 157 (29,1%) eran hipertensos y se incluyeron en el estudio. Se ingresaron 69 (43,9%) pacientes por COVID-19 grave. En el análisis multivariante, la edad más elevada, la diabetes y la miocardiopatía hipertensiva se relacionaron con el riesgo de ingreso hospitalario. El tratamiento con ARA-II se asoció con un riesgo significativamente más bajo de ingreso (HR: 0,29, IC 95%: 0,10-0,88). Una tendencia similar, aunque no significativa, se encontró para los IECA. CONCLUSIÓN: el tratamiento con ARA-II o IECA no se asoció con una peor evolución clínica en pacientes hipertensos consecutivos infectados por SARS-CoV-2


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hipertensão/complicações , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitalização , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Modelos Logísticos
17.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(12): 535-537, dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191728

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: La preocupación por enfermar podría ayudar a prevenir enfermedades. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas de una escala de preocupación por la COVID-19 (EPCov-19). MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: El estudio es de tipo instrumental y se recogió información de 224 personas de nacionalidad peruana en el contexto de aislamiento social. Se realizó una adaptación de los ítems de la escala de preocupación por el cáncer. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo una escala con propiedades psicométricas satisfactorias. Con una matriz de correlaciones policóricas se obtuvieron valores superiores al estándar en los 6 ítems (r > 0,3) y la confiabilidad fue aceptable (alfa = 0,866; IC del 95% = 0,83-0,89). El análisis paralelo sugirió la unidimensionalidad de la EPCov-19, la varianza explicada fue del 79,7% y las saturaciones fueron superiores a 0,4. Los índices de bondad de ajuste son satisfactorios (CFI = 0,995; GFI = 0,997; TLI = 0,991 y RMSEA = 0,059, IC del 95% = 0,012-0,077). CONCLUSIONES: Se presenta un instrumento válido y confiable para medir la preocupación por el contagio de COVID-19 y puede ser usados en futuros estudios


OBJECTIVE: Concern about getting sick could help prevent disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of a COVID-19 concern scale (EPCov-19). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an instrument-based study and information was collected from 224 people of Peruvian nationality in the context of social isolation. The items of the Cancer Concern Scale were adapted for this study. RESULTS: A scale with satisfactory psychometric properties was obtained. With a matrix of polychoric correlations, values higher than the standard were obtained in all 6 items (r > 0.3) and the reliability was acceptable (alpha = 0.866; 95% CI = 0.83 - 0.89). Parallel analysis suggested unidimensionality of the EPCov-19, the variance explained was 79.7% and saturations were higher than 0.4. Goodness-of-fit índices were satisfactory (CFI = 0.995; GFI = 0.997; TLI = 0.991; and RMSEA = 0.059, 95% CI = 0.012 - 0.077). CONCLUSIONS: This is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring concern about the spread of COVID-19 and can be used in future studies


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Psicometria/instrumentação , Betacoronavirus , Adaptação Psicológica , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial
20.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(12): 985-993, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192014

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: A pesar de los avances en el tratamiento del infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), este sigue presentando un pronóstico desfavorable. Hay poca evidencia acerca de la evolución de los pacientes con IAM y la enfermedad coronavírica de 2019 (COVID-19). El objetivo del estudio es describir la presentación clínica, las complicaciones y los factores predictores de mortalidad hospitalaria en pacientes con IAM durante el brote de COVID-19 en España. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de cohortes, prospectivo y multicéntrico de todos los pacientes consecutivos con IAM en tratamiento invasivo durante el brote de COVID19 (15 de marzo a 15 de abril de 2020). Se compararon las características clínicas de los pacientes positivos para COVID-19 con las de los negativos, y se evaluó el efecto de la COVID-19 en la mortalidad mediante emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión y regresión logística. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 187 pacientes con IAM: 111 con elevación del segmento ST y 76 sin elevación. De ellos, 32 (17%) resultaron positivos para COVID-19. Las puntuaciones GRACE y Killip-Kimball y varios marcadores inflamatorios resultaron significativamente mayores en los pacientes con COVID-19. La mortalidad total y cardiovascular fueron significativamente mayores en los pacientes con COVID-19 (el 25 frente al 3,8%; p < 0,001; y el 15,2 frente al 1,8%; p = 0,001). La puntuación GRACE > 140 (OR = 23,45; IC95%, 2,52-62,51; p = 0,005) y la COVID-19 (OR = 6,61; IC95%, 1,82-24,43; p = 0,02) resultaron factores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria. CONCLUSIONES: Durante el brote epidémico, la puntuación GRACE elevada y la COVID19 fueron los factores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria en los pacientes con IAM


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in treatment, patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) still exhibit unfavorable short- and long-term prognoses. In addition, there is scant evidence about the clinical outcomes of patients with AMI and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The objective of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, complications, and risk factors for mortality in patients admitted for AMI during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, cohort study included all consecutive patients with AMI who underwent coronary angiography in a 30-day period corresponding chronologically with the COVID-19 outbreak (March 15 to April 15, 2020). Clinical presentations and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. The effect of COVID-19 on mortality was assessed by propensity score matching and with a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: In total, 187 patients were admitted for AMI, 111 with ST-segment elevation AMI and 76 with non-ST-segment elevation AMI. Of these, 32 (17%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. GRACE score, Killip-Kimball classification, and several inflammatory markers were significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients. Total and cardiovascular mortality were also significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients (25% vs 3.8% [P < .001] and 15.2% vs 1.8% [P = .001], respectively). GRACE score > 140 (OR, 23.45; 95%CI, 2.52-62.51; P = .005) and COVID-19 (OR, 6.61; 95%CI, 1.82-24.43; P = .02) were independent predictors of in-hospital death. CONCLUSIONS: During this pandemic, a high GRACE score and COVID-19 were independent risk factors associated with higher in-hospital mortality


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Troponina/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Biomarcadores/análise
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