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3.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48247

RESUMO

Site Institucional da Pfizer - No combate ao Coronavírus, navegue no site saiba mais sobre a vacina PFIZER BioNTech , sobre as doenças crônicas na pandemia, dicas de produtividade com saúde, saúde mental na pandemia, cancer na pandemia e muito mais...


Assuntos
Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Vacinas
4.
Viruses ; 13(6)2021 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072981

RESUMO

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was first identified in the 1930s and it imposes a major economic burden on the poultry industry. In particular, GI-19 lineage has spread globally and has evolved constantly since it was first detected in China. In this study, we analyzed S1 gene sequences from 60 IBVs isolated in South Korea. Two IBV lineages, GI-15 and GI-19, were identified in South Korea. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that there were six distinct subgroups (KM91-like, K40/09-like, and QX-like I to IV) of the South Korean GI-19 IBVs. Among them, QX-type III and IV subgroups, which are phylogenetically different from those reported in South Korea in the past, accounted for more than half of the total. Moreover, the phylogeographic analysis of the QX-like subgroups indicated at least four distinct introductions of GI-19 IBVs into South Korea during 2001-2020. The efficacy of commercialized vaccines against the recently introduced QX-like subgroups should be verified, and continuous international surveillance efforts and quarantine procedures should be enhanced to prevent the incursion of viruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Animais , Galinhas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genômica , Genótipo , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/classificação , Vírus da Bronquite Infecciosa/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Homologia de Sequência , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
5.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104292

RESUMO

Introduction: acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs) are responsible for significant proportions of illnesses and deaths annually. Most of ARIs are of viral etiology, with human coronaviruses (HCoVs) playing a key role. This study was conducted prior to the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) to provide evidence about the sero-epidemiology of HCoVs in rural areas of Ghana. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study conducted as part of a large epidemiological study investigating the occurrence of respiratory viruses in 3 rural areas of Ghana; Buoyem, Kwamang and Forikrom. Serum samples were collected and tested for the presence of IgG-antibodies to three HCoVs; HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-NL63 using immunofluorescence assay. Results: of 201 subjects enrolled into the study, 97 (48.3%) were positive for all three viruses. The most prevalent virus was HCoV-229E (23%; 95% CI: 17.2 - 29.3), followed by HCoV-OC43 (17%; 95% CI: 12.4 - 23.4), then HCoV-NL63 (8%, 95% CI: 4.6 - 12.6). Subjects in Kwamang had the highest sero-prevalence for HCoV-NL63 (68.8%). human coronaviruses-229E (41.3%) and HCoV-OC43 (45.7%) were much higher in Forikrom compared to the other study areas. There was however no statistical difference between place of origin and HCoVs positivity. Although blood group O+ and B+ were most common among the recruited subjects, there was no significant association (p = 0.163) between blood group and HCoV infection. Conclusion: this study reports a 48.3% sero-prevalence of HCoVs (OC43, NL63 and 229E) among rural communities in Ghana. The findings provide useful baseline data that could inform further sero-epidemiological studies on SARS-CoV-2 in Africa.


Assuntos
Coronavirus Humano 229E/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Coronavirus Humano NL63/isolamento & purificação , Coronavirus Humano OC43/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Nefrología (Madrid) ; 41(3): 329-336, mayo.-jun. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196539

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) es una infección viral causada por un nuevo coronavirus que está afectando a todo el mundo. Hay estudios previos de pacientes en hemodiálisis en centro, pero hay pocos datos sobre población en diálisis domiciliaria. Nuestro objetivo es estudiar la incidencia y evolución de la COVID-19 en una unidad de diálisis domiciliaria (UDD) durante el pico de la pandemia. MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional y retrospectivo que incluye todos los pacientes diagnosticados de COVID-19 de la UDD del Hospital Universitario La Paz (Madrid, España) entre el 10 de marzo y el 15 de mayo de 2020. Se recogieron los datos clínicos de la UDD (57 pacientes en diálisis peritoneal y 22 pacientes en hemodiálisis domiciliaria) y comparamos las características clínicas y la evolución de los pacientes con o sin infección por COVID-19. RESULTADOS: Doce pacientes fueron diagnosticados de COVID-19 (9 diálisis peritoneal, 3 hemodiálisis domiciliaria). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las características clínicas de los pacientes con COVID-19 y el resto de la unidad. La edad media fue 62 ± 18,5 años; la mayoría eran varones (75%). Todos los pacientes menos uno necesitaron hospitalización. Diez pacientes (83%) fueron dados de alta tras una media de 16,4 ± 9,7 días de hospitalización. Dos pacientes fueron diagnosticados durante su hospitalización por otro motivo y fueron los únicos que fallecieron. Los fallecidos eran de mayor edad que los supervivientes. CONCLUSIÓN: La incidencia de COVID-19 en nuestra UDD en Madrid durante el pico de la pandemia fue alto, especialmente en los pacientes en diálisis peritoneal, sin observarse un potencial beneficio para prevenir la infección en los pacientes en diálisis domiciliaria. La edad avanzada y la transmisión nosocomial fueron los principales factores relacionados con peor pronóstico


INTRODUCTION: The 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) is a viral infection caused by a new coronavirus that is affecting the entire world. There have been studies of patients on in-center hemodialysis, but home dialysis population data are scarce. Our objective is to study the incidence and course of COVID-19 in a home dialysis unit (HDU) at the height of the pandemic. METHODS: An observational, retrospective study enrolling all patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from the HDU of Hospital Universitario La Paz (La Paz University Hospital) (Madrid, Spain) between March 10 and May 15, 2020. We collected clinical data from the HDU (57 patients on peritoneal dialysis and 22 patients on home hemodialysis) and compared the clinical characteristics and course of patients with and without COVID-19 infection. RESULTS: Twelve patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 (9 peritoneal dialysis; 3 home hemodialysis). There were no statistically significant differences in terms of clinical characteristics between patients with COVID-19 and the rest of the unit. The mean age was 62 ± 18.5 years; most were men (75%). All patients but one required hospitalization. Ten patients (83%) were discharged following a mean of 16.4 ± 9.7 days of hospitalization. Two patients were diagnosed while hospitalized for other conditions, and these were the only patients who died. Those who died were older than those who survived. CONCLUSION: The incidence of COVID-19 in our HDU in Madrid at the height of the pandemic was high, especially in patients on peritoneal dialysis. No potential benefit for preventing the infection in patients on home dialysis was observed. Advanced age and nosocomial transmission were the main factors linked to a worse prognosis


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Hemodiálise no Domicílio/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pandemias , Incidência , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Diálise Peritoneal/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha/epidemiologia
7.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 99(5): 361-367, mayo 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192544

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Durante el estado de alarma sanitaria establecido a causa de la pandemia de la COVID-19 se anularon la mayor parte de las consultas externas presenciales y se estableció una consulta telefónica para el seguimiento de pacientes coloproctológicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la eficacia de la consulta telefónica (teleconsulta) en el seguimiento de los pacientes de una unidad de coloproctología, en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo de pacientes consecutivos en un solo centro. Se clasificó el resultado de la teleconsulta como alta, visita resuelta o reprogramación y se analizó por diferentes grupos diagnósticos. RESULTADOS: Del 19 de marzo al 17 de abril de 2020 se realizó la teleconsulta de 190 pacientes. La tasa de respuesta fue del 94,2% (179). Las categorías diagnósticas de los pacientes atendidos fueron: 51 (26,9%) neoplasia colorrectal, 48 (25,3%) enfermedad proctológica, 72 (37,9%) disfunciones del suelo pélvico y 19 (10%) otras enfermedades benignas. Se pudo volver a citar a 105 (55,26%) como si hubieran venido de forma presencial. Se dio el alta a 11 (5,8%) pacientes. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre las distintas categorías diagnósticas y la resolución de la teleconsulta. Los motivos de reprogramación se analizan en el estudio. CONCLUSIÓN: En el contexto de pandemia, la teleconsulta ha permitido resolver de forma definitiva el 61% de las visitas de seguimiento y ha evitado la reprogramación de 116 pacientes. El nuevo paradigma social y sanitario tras la pandemia requerirá un replanteamiento de nuestro modelo de atención sanitaria y, en muchos aspectos, la telemedicina puede ofrecer herramientas para ello


INTRODUCTION: During the state of alarm established in Spain due to the COVID-19 pandemic, most of the face-to-face outpatient consultations were cancelled and a telephone consultation was established to follow up coloproctological patients. The objective of this study was to analyse the efficacy of telemedicine (by telephone) in monitoring patients in a coloproctology unit, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Prospective descriptive study of consecutive patients in a single centre. The result of the teleconsultation was classified as discharge, resolved visit or reprogramming and was analysed by different diagnostic groups. RESULTS: From March 19th to April 17th, 2020, the teleconsultation of 190 patients was carried out. The response rate was 94.2% (179). The diagnostic categories of the patients attended were: 51 (26.9%) colorectal neoplasia, 48 (25.3%) proctological pathology, 72 (37.9%) pelvic floor dysfunctions and 19 (10%) other benign pathologies. 105 (55.26%) could be recited as if they had come in person. Eleven (5.8%) patients were discharged. No significant differences were found between the different diagnostic categories and the resolution of the teleconsultation. The reasons for reprogramming are analyzed in the study. CONCLUSION: In the context of a pandemic, teleconsultation has allowed 61% of follow-up visits to be definitively solved, avoiding the reprogramming of 116 patients. The new social and health paradigm after the pandemic will require a rethinking of our healthcare model, and in many aspects, telemedicine can offer tools for this


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Telemedicina , Pandemias , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Doenças do Colo/terapia , Doenças Retais/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Cir. Esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 99(5): 346-353, mayo 2021. tab, mapas, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192546

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia COVID-19 ha tenido una repercusión extraordinaria sobre los hospitales españoles, que han reorganizado sus recursos para tratar a estos pacientes, limitando su capacidad de atender otras patologías frecuentes. El presente estudio analiza la repercusión sobre el tratamiento de la colelitiasis y la colecistitis aguda. MÉTODOS: Se ha realizado un estudio nacional descriptivo mediante una encuesta online voluntaria, realizada en Google Drive™, distribuida por correo electrónico desde la Asociación Española de Cirujanos (AEC) a todos los cirujanos miembros. RESULTADOS: Se han recibido 153 encuestas (una por centro). El 96,7% de ellos han suspendido las colecistectomías electivas. El tratamiento conservador de la colecistitis aguda no complicada se ha realizado en un 90% de los casos (siendo previamente del 18%) y, en las colecistitis intervenidas, el 95% ha optado por el abordaje laparoscópico. Un 49% realiza algún test preoperatorio para SARS-CoV-2, y el 57% comunica haber tenido casos de confirmación postoperatoria tras alguna intervención, con peor evolución postoperatoria en el 54%. CONCLUSIONES: Esta encuesta revela que la mayoría de los centros están siguiendo las recomendaciones de las sociedades quirúrgicas durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Sin embargo, se observan algunos datos que precisan ser tenidos en cuenta en las fases sucesivas de la pandemia


INTRODUCTION: The extraordinary impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Spanish hospitals has led to a redistribution of resources for the treatment of these patients, with a decreased capacity of care for other common diseases. The aim of the present study is to analyse how this situation has affected the treatment of cholecystitis and cholelythiasis. METHODS: It is a descriptive national study after online voluntary distribution of a specific questionnaire with Google Drive™ to members of the Spanish Association of Surgeons (AEC). RESULTS: We received 153 answers (one per hospital). Elective cholecystectomies have been cancelled in 96.7% of centres. Conservative treatment for acute cholecystitis has been selected in 90% (previously 18%), and if operated, 95% have been performed laparoscopically. Globally, only 49% perform preoperative diagnostic tests for SARS-CoV-2, and 58.5% recognize there have been cases confirmed postoperatively after other surgeries, with worse surgical outcomes in 54%. CONCLUSIONS: This survey shows that most of the Spanish centers are following the surgical societies suggestions during the pandemic. However, some data requires to be taken into account for the next phase of the pandemic


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Colelitíase/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enzimologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Colecistostomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Aguda , Espanha
10.
Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports ; 24: 100567, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024383

RESUMO

Cryptosporidiosis of neonatal dairy calves causes diarrhea, resulting in important economic losses. In Argentina, prevalence values of Cryptosporidium spp. and other enteropathogens such as group A rotavirus (RVA), bovine coronavirus (BCoV) and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC, endotoxin STa+), have been independently studied in different regions. However, an integrative epidemiological investigation on large-scale farms has not been carried out. In this study, fecal samples (n = 908) were randomly collected from diarrheic and healthy calves from 42 dairy farms, and analyzed for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp., RVA, BCoV, ETEC (STa+) and Salmonella spp. In all sampled dairy farms, dams had been vaccinated against rotavirus and gram-negative bacteria to protect calves against neonatal diarrhea. The proportion of calves shedding Cryptosporidium spp., RVA, and BCoV in animals younger than 20 days of age were 29.8%, 12.4% and 6.4%, and in calves aged between 21 and 90 days, 5.6%, 3.9%, and 1.8%, respectively. ETEC was absent in the younger, and occurred only sporadically in the older group (0.9%), whereas Salmonella spp. was absent in both. The observed sporadic finding or even absence of bacterial pathogens might be explained by the frequent use of parenteral antibiotics in 25.3% and 6.5% of the younger and the older group of calves, respectively, within 2 days prior to sampling and/or vaccination of dams against gram-negative bacteria. Diarrhea was observed in 28.8% (95% CI, 24.7-32.8%) of the younger calves and 11.7% (95% CI, 9.1-15.5%) of the older calves. Importantly, Cryptosporidium spp. (odds ratio (OR) = 5.7; 95% CI, 3.3-9.9; p < 0.0001) and RVA (OR = 2.5; 95% CI, 1.2-5.1; p < 0.05) were both found to be risk factors for diarrhea in calves younger than 20 days old. Based on its high prevalence and OR, our results strongly suggest that Cryptosporidium spp. is the principal causative factor for diarrhea in the group of neonatal calves, whereas RVA seems to play a secondary role in the etiology of diarrhea in the studied farms, with about three-times lower prevalence and a half as high OR. Furthermore, a coinfection rate of Cryptosporidium spp. and RVA of 3.7% was observed in the group of younger calves, which strengthens the assumption that these events are independent. In contrast, due to a low infection rate of enteropathogens in older calves, mixed infection (<< 1%) was virtually absent in this group.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia , Cryptosporidium/patogenicidade , Indústria de Laticínios , Diarreia/veterinária , Infecções por Rotavirus/veterinária , Fatores Etários , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Argentina/epidemiologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Coronavirus Bovino/genética , Coronavirus Bovino/patogenicidade , Cryptosporidium/genética , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Diarreia/parasitologia , Diarreia/virologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Rotavirus/genética , Rotavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia
11.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 66, 2021 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ongoing transmission of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in the Middle East and its expansion to other regions are raising concerns of a potential pandemic. An in-depth analysis about both population and molecular epidemiology of this pathogen is needed. METHODS: MERS cases reported globally as of June 2020 were collected mainly from World Health Organization official reports, supplemented by other reliable sources. Determinants for case fatality and spatial diffusion of MERS were assessed with Logistic regressions and Cox proportional hazard models, respectively. Phylogenetic and phylogeographic analyses were performed to examine the evolution and migration history of MERS-CoV. RESULTS: A total of 2562 confirmed MERS cases with 150 case clusters were reported with a case fatality rate of 32.7% (95% CI: 30.9‒34.6%). Saudi Arabia accounted for 83.6% of the cases. Age of ≥ 65 years old, underlying conditions and ≥ 5 days delay in diagnosis were independent risk factors for death. However, a history of animal contact was associated with a higher risk (adjusted OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.10-7.98) among female cases < 65 years but with a lower risk (adjusted OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.18-0.51) among male cases ≥ 65 years old. Diffusion of the disease was fastest from its origin in Saudi Arabia to the east, and was primarily driven by the transportation network. The most recent sub-clade C5.1 (since 2013) was associated with non-synonymous mutations and a higher mortality rate. Phylogeographic analyses pointed to Riyadh of Saudi Arabia and Abu Dhabi of the United Arab Emirates as the hubs for both local and international spread of MERS-CoV. CONCLUSIONS: MERS-CoV remains primarily locally transmitted in the Middle East, with opportunistic exportation to other continents and a potential of causing transmission clusters of human cases. Animal contact is associated with a higher risk of death, but the association differs by age and sex. Transportation network is the leading driver for the spatial diffusion of the disease. These findings how this pathogen spread are helpful for targeting public health surveillance and interventions to control endemics and to prevent a potential pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Epidemiologia Molecular , Mortalidade , Filogenia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/virologia
12.
Goiânia; s.n; 28 maio 2021. 1-12 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1248153

RESUMO

Síntese de evidências e análise exploratória acerca da relação entre IDHs e a evolução da pandemia da COVID-19 nos municípios do estado de Goiás. Para essa análise utilizou-se dados referentes à situação da COVID-19 nos municípios de Goiás, utilizando-se de IDH dos Municipíos de Goiás no site do IBGE, IDH dos Bairros de Goiânia, Populações estimadas para 2019, números de casos e óbitos por município do Estado de Goiás, Painel de Acompanhamento da Covid da Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Goiás (SES-GO); números de internações nas unidades do SUS pelo Argos, agrupado por município, residência dos paciente; números de internações pelo SIVEP, agrupado por município de residência dos pacientes. Para calcular a precisão utilizou-se a métrica Coeficiente de Determinação (r²). No que se refere à correlação, obteve-se os índices de correlação do IDH com as diferentes variáveis apresentadas no gráfico de calor. Conclui que não há, até o momento, consonância da literatura científica acerca da relação entre o IDH e indicadores epidemiológicos da COVID-19. Serão necessários mais estudos e metodologias diferentes de modo a aferir a influência das diferentes variáveis


Evidence synthesis and exploratory analysis on the relationship between HDIs and the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in the municipalities of the state of Goiás. For this analysis, data referring to the situation of COVID-19 in the municipalities of Goiás were used, using HDI of the Municipalities of Goiás on the IBGE website, HDI of the Neighborhoods of Goiânia, Estimated populations for 2019, number of cases and deaths by municipality of the State of Goiás, Covid Monitoring Panel of the State Health Department of Goiás (SES-GO ); number of admissions to SUS units by Argos, grouped by municipality, patient residence; number of admissions by SIVEP, grouped by municipality of residence of patients. To calculate the precision, the Coefficient of Determination (r²) metric was used. With regard to the correlation, we obtained the correlation indices of the HDI with the different variables presented in the heat graph. It concludes that, to date, there is no consonance in the scientific literature on the relationship between the HDI and COVID-19 epidemiological indicators. More studies and different methodologies will be needed in order to assess the influence of different variables


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Indicadores de Desenvolvimento , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Incidência , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Expectativa de Vida , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade
14.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 196-196, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, constitute an extraordinary health, social and economic global challenge. The impact on people's mental health is expected to be high. This paper sought to systematically review community-based studies on depression conducted during the COVID-19 and estimate the pooled prevalence of depression. METHOD: We searched for cross-sectional, community-based studies listed on PubMed or Web of Science from January 1, 2020 to May 8, 2020 that reported prevalence of depression. A random effect model was used to estimate the pooled proportion of depression. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis, with prevalence rates of depression ranging from 7.45% to 48.30%. The pooled prevalence of depression was 25% (95% CI: 18%−33%), with significant heterogeneity between studies (I2=99.60%, p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with a global estimated prevalence of depression of 3.44% in 2017, our pooled prevalence of 25% appears to be 7 times higher, thus suggesting an important impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on people's mental health. Addressing mental health during and after this global health crisis should be placed into the international and national public health agenda to improve citizens' wellbeing


INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia de COVID-19, declarada el 11 de marzo de 2020, representa un reto global extraordinario a nivel sanitario, social y económico. Se espera un impacto alto en la salud mental de las personas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de estudios transversales basados en muestras comunitarias que proporcionaban la prevalencia de depresión durante la crisis del COVID-19. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios comunitarios publicados en Pubmed y Web of Science desde el 1 de enero del 2020 al 8 de mayo del 2020 y que informaron sobre la prevalencia de depresión. Se usó un modelo de efectos aleatorios para estimar la proporción agrupada de depresión. RESULTADOS: Un total de 12 estudios fueron incluidos en el meta-análisis, con prevalencias de depresión que oscilaban entre 7,45% y 48,30%. La prevalencia agrupada de depresión fue de 25% (95% CI: 18%-33%), con heterogeneidad significativa entre estudios (I2 = 99,60%, p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: En comparación con una estimación global de depresión en 2017 del 3,44%, nuestra prevalencia agrupada del 25% es 7 veces mayor, sugiriendo un impacto importante del brote de COVID-19 en la salud mental de las personas. El abordaje de la salud mental durante y después de esta crisis global sanitaria debe ser parte de las agendas de salud pública nacionales e internacionales para mejorar el bienestar de los ciudadanos


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência
15.
Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol ; 70(1): 3-9, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To point out possible infection with SARS-CoV-2 in symptomatic patients despite repeated negative nasopharyngeal swab tests for SARS-CoV-2. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study carried out at the Na Bulovce Hospital from the beginning of the pandemic until November 2020 included patients (1) who had symptoms compatible with COVID-19; (2) whose nasopharyngeal swab PCR tests in the presence of acute respiratory infection symptoms yielded two consecutive negative results; (3) in whom SARS-CoV-2 infection was subsequently confirmed by serology. Basic demographic and epidemiological data, symptoms, laboratory test results, X-ray findings and timing of virological tests were analysed for these patients. RESULTS: Seventeen patients met the inclusion criteria, 14 men and three women, aged 19-84 years with a median of 59 years, of whom 14 were hospitalized and three were treated as outpatients. Only seven patients were aware of the previous contact with an infected person. The main symptoms were fever, cough, headache, weakness, fatigue and shortness of breath. Pneumonia was found in 12 patients, four of whom developed respiratory insufficiency requiring ventilatory support. Most patients showed a uniform combination of haematological, biochemical and radio-logical findings: absence of eosinophils and increased polymorphonuclear/lymphocyte ratio; elevation of serum lactate dehydrogenase; elevation of CRP without rise of procalcitonin; typical chest CT or X-ray findings. All patients recovered. Coronavirus antigen test was performed in six patients, with all of them testing negative. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed serologically by the detection of specific IgG and IgA in all 17 patients and also IgM in six patients, not before day 8 of the onset of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that some patients with acute COVID-19 may test repeatedly negative by nasopharyngeal swab PCR. These cases should be interpreted as a low viral load in the upper respiratory tract rather than false negativity of PCR. Such alternative is not envisaged in the algorithms used. Considering our results, the following recommendation can be made: If, despite negative PCR tests, COVID-19 is still suspected based on clinical symptoms and epidemiological evidence, preliminary diagnosis can be made on the basis of comprehensive assessment of the laboratory test and X-ray findings. Final confirmation of the aetiology relies on serological tests performed two weeks after the onset of symptoms.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
16.
Viruses ; 13(4)2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807288

RESUMO

Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a persistent zoonotic pathogen with frequent spillover from dromedary camels to humans in the Arabian Peninsula, resulting in limited outbreaks of MERS with a high case-fatality rate. Full genome sequence data from camel-derived MERS-CoV variants show diverse lineages circulating in domestic camels with frequent recombination. More than 90% of the available full MERS-CoV genome sequences derived from camels are from just two countries, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and United Arab Emirates (UAE). In this study, we employ a novel method to amplify and sequence the partial MERS-CoV genome with high sensitivity from nasal swabs of infected camels. We recovered more than 99% of the MERS-CoV genome from field-collected samples with greater than 500 TCID50 equivalent per nasal swab from camel herds sampled in Jordan in May 2016. Our subsequent analyses of 14 camel-derived MERS-CoV genomes show a striking lack of genetic diversity circulating in Jordan camels relative to MERS-CoV genome sequences derived from large camel markets in KSA and UAE. The low genetic diversity detected in Jordan camels during our study is consistent with a lack of endemic circulation in these camel herds and reflective of data from MERS outbreaks in humans dominated by nosocomial transmission following a single introduction as reported during the 2015 MERS outbreak in South Korea. Our data suggest transmission of MERS-CoV among two camel herds in Jordan in 2016 following a single introduction event.


Assuntos
Camelus/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Variação Genética , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Zoonoses/virologia , Animais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genoma Viral , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/classificação , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Filogenia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Emirados Árabes Unidos/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
17.
Libyan J Med ; 16(1): 1910195, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797350

RESUMO

The outbreak of corona virus disease (COVID-19) caused by the new severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 began in Wuhan, China, resulting in respiratory disorders. In January of 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a pandemic owing to its global spread. Because no studies have investigated COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia, this study investigated similarities and differences between demographic data during the COVID-19 and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreaks in Saudi Arabia. A retrospective trend analysis was performed to assess demographic data of all laboratory-confirmed MERS and COVID-19 cases. Patients' charts were reviewed for data on demographics, mortality, citizenship, sex ratio, and age groups with descriptive and comparative statistics; the data were analyzed using a non-parametric binomial test and chi-square test. Of all COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia,78%were male patients and 22% were female patients. This proportion of male COVID-19 patients was similar to that of male MERS patients, which also affected male patients more frequently than female patients. The number of COVID-19-positive Saudi cases was lower than that of non-Saudi cases, which were in contrast to that of MERS; COVID-19 appeared to be remarkably similar to MERS with respect to recovered cases. However, the numbers of critical and dead COVID-19 patients have been much lower than those of MERS patients. The largest proportion of COVID-19 and MERS cases (44.05% and 40.8%, respectively) were recorded in the Western region. MERS and COVID-19 exhibited similar threats to the lives of adults and the elderly, despite lower mortality rates during the COVID-19 epidemic. Targeted prevention of and interventions against MERS should be allocated populations according to the areas where they inhabit. However, much more information regarding the dynamics and epidemiology of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia is needed.Abbrevation : MERS: Middle East Respiratory syndrome; COVID-19: Corona Virus Disease 2019.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/etiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
18.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 7(4): e24288, 2021 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for consistent collection of demographic data on COVID-19 morbidity and mortality and sharing it with the public in open and accessible ways. Due to the lack of consistency in data reporting during the initial spread of COVID-19, the Equitable Data Collection and Disclosure on COVID-19 Act was introduced into the Congress that mandates collection and reporting of demographic COVID-19 data on testing, treatments, and deaths by age, sex, race and ethnicity, primary language, socioeconomic status, disability, and county. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated how COVID-19 demographic data have been collected before and after the introduction of this legislation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate differences in reporting and public availability of COVID-19 demographic data by US state health departments and Washington, District of Columbia (DC) before (pre-Act), immediately after (post-Act), and 6 months after (6-month follow-up) the introduction of the Equitable Data Collection and Disclosure on COVID-19 Act in the Congress on April 21, 2020. METHODS: We reviewed health department websites of all 50 US states and Washington, DC (N=51). We evaluated how each state reported age, sex, and race and ethnicity data for all confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths and how they made this data available (ie, charts and tables only or combined with dashboards and machine-actionable downloadable formats) at the three timepoints. RESULTS: We found statistically significant increases in the number of health departments reporting age-specific data for COVID-19 cases (P=.045) and resulting deaths (P=.002), sex-specific data for COVID-19 deaths (P=.003), and race- and ethnicity-specific data for confirmed cases (P=.003) and deaths (P=.005) post-Act and at the 6-month follow-up (P<.05 for all). The largest increases were race and ethnicity state data for confirmed cases (pre-Act: 18/51, 35%; post-Act: 31/51, 61%; 6-month follow-up: 46/51, 90%) and deaths due to COVID-19 (pre-Act: 13/51, 25%; post-Act: 25/51, 49%; and 6-month follow-up: 39/51, 76%). Although more health departments reported race and ethnicity data based on federal requirements (P<.001), over half (29/51, 56.9%) still did not report all racial and ethnic groups as per the Office of Management and Budget guidelines (pre-Act: 5/51, 10%; post-Act: 21/51, 41%; and 6-month follow-up: 27/51, 53%). The number of health departments that made COVID-19 data available for download significantly increased from 7 to 23 (P<.001) from our initial data collection (April 2020) to the 6-month follow-up, (October 2020). CONCLUSIONS: Although the increased demand for disaggregation has improved public reporting of demographics across health departments, an urgent need persists for the introduced legislation to be passed by the Congress for the US states to consistently collect and make characteristics of COVID-19 cases, deaths, and vaccinations available in order to allocate resources to mitigate disease spread.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Coleta de Dados , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/etnologia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , District of Columbia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Viruses ; 13(5)2021 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922604

RESUMO

Swine enteric viral infections are responsible for substantial economic losses in the pork industry worldwide. Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PEDV) is one of the main causative agents of diarrhea in lactating pigs, and reports of PEDV coinfection with other enteric viruses highlight the importance of viral interactions for disease presentation and outcomes. Using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and sequence analyses from samples taken from piglets with acute diarrhea, we explored the possible interactions between PEDV and other less reported pathogens. PEDV coinfection with porcine kobuvirus (PKV) was detected in 36.4% (27/74) of samples. Full genomes from porcine coronavirus and kobuvirus were obtained, as was a partial porcine sapovirus genome (PSaV). The phylogenetic results show the clustering of these strains corresponding to the geographical relationship. To our knowledge, this is the first full genome and isolation report for porcine kobuvirus in México, as well as the first phylogenetic analysis for porcine sapovirus in the country. The NGS approach provides a better perspective of circulating viruses and other pathogens in affected production units.


Assuntos
Coinfecção/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Kobuvirus/genética , Kobuvirus/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diarreia/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Genoma Viral , Kobuvirus/classificação , México/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Filogenia , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/classificação , Sapovirus/genética , Análise de Sequência , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805362

RESUMO

The MERS-CoV spread in South Korea in 2015 was not only the largest outbreak of MERS-CoV in the region other than the Middle East but also a historic epidemic in South Korea. Thus, investigation of the MERS-CoV transmission dynamics, especially by agent-based modeling, would be meaningful for devising intervention strategies for novel infectious diseases. In this study, an agent-based model on MERS-CoV transmission in South Korea in 2015 was built and analyzed. The prominent characteristic of this model was that it built the simulation environment based on the real-world contact tracing network, which can be characterized as being scale-free. In the simulations, we explored the effectiveness of three possible intervention scenarios; mass quarantine, isolation, and isolation combined with acquaintance quarantine. The differences in MERS-CoV transmission dynamics by the number of links of the index case agent were examined. The simulation results indicate that isolation combined with acquaintance quarantine is more effective than others, and they also suggest the key role of super-spreaders in MERS-CoV transmission.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Oriente Médio , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
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