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1.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 22(5): 173, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105037

RESUMO

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a lethal respiratory disease with its first case reported back in 2012 (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia). It is a novel, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA beta coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that was isolated from a patient who died from a severe respiratory illness. Later, it was found that this patient was infected with MERS. MERS is endemic to countries in the Middle East regions, such as Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates. It has been reported that the MERS virus originated from bats and dromedary camels, the natural hosts of MERS-CoV. The transmission of the virus to humans has been thought to be either direct or indirect. Few camel-to-human transmissions were reported earlier. However, the mode of transmission of how the virus affects humans remains unanswered. Moreover, outbreaks in either family-based or hospital-based settings were observed with high mortality rates, especially in individuals who did not receive proper management or those with underlying comorbidities, such as diabetes and renal failure. Since then, there have been numerous reports hypothesising complications in fatal cases of MERS. Over the years, various diagnostic methods, treatment strategies and preventive measures have been strategised in containing the MERS infection. Evidence from multiple sources implicated that no treatment options and vaccines have been developed in specific, for the direct management of MERS-CoV infection. Nevertheless, there are supportive measures outlined in response to symptom-related management. Health authorities should stress more on infection and prevention control measures, to ensure that MERS remains as a low-level threat to public health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/imunologia , Animais , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Antivirais/imunologia , Camelus/virologia , Quirópteros/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/efeitos dos fármacos , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Zoonoses Virais/epidemiologia , Zoonoses Virais/imunologia , Zoonoses Virais/transmissão
2.
Virol J ; 18(1): 90, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) continues to exist in the Middle East sporadically. Thorough investigations of the evolution of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) are urgently required. In the current study, we studied amplified fragments of ORF1a/b, Spike (S) gene, ORF3/4a, and ORF4b of four human MERS-CoV strains for tracking the evolution of MERS-CoV over time. METHODS: RNA isolated from nasopharyngeal aspirate, sputum, and tracheal swabs/aspirates from hospitalized patients with suspected MERS-CoV infection were analyzed for amplification of nine variable genomic fragments. Sequence comparisons were done using different bioinformatics tools available. RESULTS: Several mutations were identified in ORF1a/b, ORF3/4a and ORF4b, with the highest mutation rates in the S gene. Five codons; 4 in ORF1a and 1 in the S gene, were found to be under selective pressure. Characteristic amino acid changes, potentially hosted and year specific were defined across the S protein and in the receptor-binding domain Phylogenetic analysis using S gene sequence revealed clustering of MERS-CoV strains into three main clades, A, B and C with subdivision of with clade B into B1 to B4. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, MERS-CoV appears to continuously evolve. It is recommended that the molecular and pathobiological characteristics of future MERS-CoV strains should be analyzed on regular basis to prevent potential future outbreaks at early phases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Códon/genética , Biologia Computacional , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Evolução Molecular , Genômica , Humanos , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Mutação , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Arábia Saudita , Escarro/virologia
3.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 18, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833942

RESUMO

The current pandemic of SARS-COV 2 infection (Covid-19) is challenging health systems and communities worldwide. At the individual level, the main biological system involved in Covid-19 is the respiratory system. Respiratory complications range from mild flu-like illness symptoms to a fatal respiratory distress syndrome or a severe and fulminant pneumonia. Critically, the presence of a pre-existing cardiovascular disease or its risk factors, such as hypertension or type II diabetes mellitus, increases the chance of having severe complications (including death) if infected by the virus. In addition, the infection can worsen an existing cardiovascular disease or precipitate new ones. This paper presents a contemporary review of cardiovascular complications of Covid-19. It also specifically examines the impact of the disease on those already vulnerable and on the poorly resourced health systems of Africa as well as the potential broader consequences on the socio-economic health of this region.


Assuntos
COVID-19/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/economia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , África , Antimaláricos/efeitos adversos , Arritmias Cardíacas/economia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Cloroquina/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Atenção à Saúde/economia , Fatores Econômicos , Recessão Econômica , Produto Interno Bruto , Recursos em Saúde/economia , Recursos em Saúde/provisão & distribuição , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/efeitos adversos , Inflamação , Isquemia Miocárdica/economia , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/economia , Miocardite/etiologia , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/complicações , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/fisiopatologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/economia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/fisiopatologia
8.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 45(2): 96-103, mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Different genetic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) have been associated with the risk and prognosis of autoimmune and infectious diseases. The objectives of this study were to determine whether there is an association between HLA genetic polymorphisms and the susceptibility to and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. DESIGN: Observational and prospective study. SETTING: Eight Intensive Care Units (ICU) from 6 hospitals of Canary Islands (Spain). PATIENTS: COVID-19 patients admitted in ICU and healthy subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Determination of HLA genetic polymorphisms. MAIN VARIABLE OF INTEREST: Mortality at 30 days. RESULTS: A total of 3886 healthy controls and 72 COVID-19 patients (10 non-survivors and 62 survivor patients at 30 days) were included. We found a trend to a higher rate of the alleles HLA-A*32 (p = 0.004) in healthy controls than in COVID-19 patients, and of the alleles HLA-B*39 (p = 0.02) and HLA-C*16 (p = 0.02) in COVID-19 patients than in healthy controls; however, all these p-values were not significant after correction for multiple comparisons. Logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of certain alleles was associated with higher mortality, such as the allele HLA-A*11 after controlling for SOFA (OR = 7.693; 95% CI = 1.063-55.650; p = 0.04) or APACHE-II (OR = 11.858; 95% CI = 1.524-92.273; p = 0.02), the allele HLA-C*01 after controlling for SOFA (OR = 11.182; 95% CI = 1.053-118.700; p = 0.04) or APACHE-II (OR = 17.604; 95% CI = 1.629-190.211; p = 0.02), and the allele HLA-DQB1*04 after controlling for SOFA (OR = 9.963; 95% CI = 1.235-80.358; p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The new finding from our preliminary study of small sample size was that HLA genetic polymorphisms could be associated with COVID-19 mortality; however, studies with a larger sample size before definitive conclusions can be drawn


OBJETIVO: Diferentes polimorfismos genéticos de los antígenos leucocitarios humanos (HLA) están asociados con el riesgo y el pronóstico de enfermedades autoinmunes e infecciosas. Los objetivos de estudio fueron determinar si existe una asociación entre polimorfismos genéticos de HLA y la susceptibilidad y mortalidad de pacientes con la enfermedad del coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). DISEÑO: Estudio observacional y prospectivo. ÁMBITO: Ocho unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI) de 6 hospitales de las Islas Canarias (España). PACIENTES: Pacientes COVID-19 ingresados en la UCI y sujetos sanos. INTERVENCIONES: Se determinaron los polimorfismos genéticos de los HLA. VARIABLE DE INTERÉS PRINCIPAL: Mortalidad a los 30 días. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 3.886 sujetos sanos y 72 pacientes COVID-19 (10 fallecidos y 62 supervivientes a 30 días). Encontramos una tendencia a una mayor frecuencia de los alelos HLA-A*32 (p = 0,004) en sujetos sanos que en pacientes COVID-19, y de los alelos HLA-B*39 (p = 0,02) y HLA-C*16 (p = 0,02) en pacientes COVID-19 que en sujetos sanos; sin embargo, no fueron significativos al corregir por comparaciones múltiples. En la regresión logística encontramos que la presencia de ciertos alelos estuvo asociada con mayor mortalidad, como el alelo HLA-A*11 controlando por SOFA (OR = 7.693; IC del 95% = 1.063-55.650; p = 0,04) o APACHE-II (OR = 11.858; IC del 95% = 1.524-92.273; p = 0,02), el alelo HLA-C*01 controlando por SOFA (OR = 11.182; IC del 95% = 1.053-118.700; p = 0,04) o APACHE-II (OR = 17.604; IC del 95% = 1.629-190.211; p = 0,02) y el alelo HLA-DQB1*04 controlando por SOFA (OR = 9.963; IC del 95% = 1.235-80.358; p = 0,03). CONCLUSIONES: Los nuevos hallazgos de nuestro preliminar estudio de pequeño tamaño muestral fueron que determinados polimorfismos genéticos de los HLA podrían estar asociados con la mortalidad de pacientes COVID-19; sin embargo, son necesarios estudios de mayor tamaño muestral para concluirlo definitivamente


Assuntos
Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus , Prognóstico , Antígenos HLA/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Modelos Logísticos , APACHE , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica
14.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 57(supl.1): 21-34, ene. 2021. graf, ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192603

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: El objetivo del estudio ha sido responder a las siguientes preguntas: ¿se asocia el consumo de tabaco en pacientes con COVID-19 con una progresión negativa y desenlace adverso de la enfermedad? y, ¿se asocia el consumo de tabaco, actual y pasado a una mayor posibilidad de desarrollar COVID-19? MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó una revisión sistemática (RS) y metaanálisis (MA) de trabajos publicados previamente. La estrategia de búsqueda incluyó todos los descriptores conocidos sobre COVID-19 y tabaco, y se realizó en diferentes bases de datos. Se utilizaron modelos estadísticos adecuados para abordar el tamaño del efecto en un MA: modelo de efectos aleatorios y de efectos fijos. RESULTADOS: Fueron identificados 34 artículos en la RS de los cuales fueron incluidos 19 en el MA. Ser fumador o exfumador se mostró como un factor de riesgo para una peor progresión de la infección por COVID-19 (OR 1,96, IC del 95%, 1,36-2,83) y una mayor probabilidad de presentar una condición más crítica de la infección (OR 1,79, IC del 95%, 1,19-2,70). Como limitaciones del MA encontramos que la mayoría de los estudios analizados eran observacionales con un sesgo de publicación limitado y con 2 estudios discrepantes con el resto, aunque tras retirarlos del MA se mantenía el tabaco como un factor de riesgo de peor evolución. CONCLUSIÓN: El tabaquismo actual y pasado produce una forma clínica más grave de la COVID-19 y lleva con mayor frecuencia a estos pacientes a ingresar en Cuidados Intensivos, sean intubados y mueran


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if tobacco use in patients with Covid-19 is associated with a negative disease course and adverse outcome, and if smoking, current and past, is associated with a greater possibility of developing COVID-19. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review (SR) and meta-analysis (MA) of previously published works were performed. The search strategy included all known descriptors for Covid-19 and tobacco and was conducted in different databases. Appropriate statistical models were used to address the effect size in meta-analysis, namely random effects and fixed effects model. RESULTS: Thirty-four articles were identified in the SR of which 19 were included in the MA. Being a smoker or former smoker was shown to be a risk factor for worse progression of Covid-19 infection (OR 1.96, 95% CI, 1.36 - 2.83) and a greater probability of presenting a more critical condition (OR 1.79 95% CI, 1.19 - 2.70). As limitations of the MA, we found that most of the studies analyzed were observational with limited publication bias. Two studies that disagreed with the rest were included, although after withdrawing them from the MA, smoking was maintained as a risk factor for worse progress. CONCLUSION: Current and past smoking produces a more serious clinical form of Covid-19 and more frequently leads to intensive care admission, intubation, and death


Assuntos
Humanos , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Fumar Tabaco/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pandemias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medicina Baseada em Evidências
16.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 39: e2020217, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the current scientific literature to document, in an integrative review, the main findings that correlate Kawasaki disease (KD) to COVID-19. DATA SOURCES: The search was carried out in June 2020 in the following databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), periódico da CAPES and U.S National Library of Medicine (PubMed). The combination of descriptors used was [(COVID-19 OR SARS-CoV-2) AND (Kawasaki disease)], and the inclusion criteria stipulated were studies published from January 2019 to June 2020, without restriction of language or location, and available online in full. News, editorials, comments, and letters, as well as duplicates and articles that did not answer the guiding question were excluded. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 97 articles were identified, of which seven comprised this review. The association of KD to the new coronavirus appears to trigger a severe clinical condition of vasculitis. Different from the usual, in this inflammatory syndrome, patients are older, and prevalence is higher in children from African or Caribbean ancestry; clinical and laboratory manifestations are also atypical, with a predominance of abdominal complaints and exaggerated elevation of inflammatory markers. In addition, there was a greater report of rare complications and greater resistance to the recommended treatment for KD. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric COVID-19 and its potential association to severe KD, still unfamiliar to health professionals, reinforces the importance of testing patients with vasculitis for the new coronavirus and the need to wage high surveillance and preparation of the health system during the current pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/virologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , COVID-19 , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/terapia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 283: 103548, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, the current medical emergency for novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) leads to respiratory distress syndrome and death. PURPOSE: This review highlighted the effect of COVID-19 on systemic multiple organ failure syndromes. This review is intended to fill a gap in information about human physiological response to COVID-19 infections. This review may shed some light on other potential mechanisms and approaches in COVID -19 infections towards systemic multiorgan failure syndromes. FINDING: SARS-CoV-2 intervened mainly in the lung with progression to pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) via the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2) receptor. Depending on the viral load, infection spread through the ACE2 receptor further to various organs such as heart, liver, kidney, brain, endothelium, GIT, immune cell, and RBC (thromboembolism). This may be aggravated by cytokine storm with the extensive release of proinflammatory cytokines from the deregulating immune system. CONCLUSION: The widespread and vicious combinations of cytokines with organ crosstalk contribute to systemic hyper inflammation and ultimately lead to multiple organ dysfunction (Fig. 1). This comprehensive study comprises various manifestations of different organs in COVID-19 and may assist the clinicians and scientists pertaining to a broad approach to fight COVID 19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/imunologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/imunologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/imunologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Arritmias Cardíacas/imunologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/fisiopatologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Gastroenteropatias/imunologia , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/imunologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Rim/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Hepatopatias/imunologia , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/fisiopatologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia/imunologia , Tromboembolia/fisiopatologia , Carga Viral
18.
J Dairy Sci ; 104(2): 2151-2163, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309376

RESUMO

The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the effect of bovine coronavirus (BCoV), bovine rotavirus (BRoV), and Cryptosporidiumparvum on dairy calf health and performance and to determine the prevalence of these pathogens. A total of 198 male dairy calves housed at a grain-fed veal facility were examined from June 11, 2018, to October 9, 2018. Calves were fed milk replacer twice daily and housed individually until weaning at 56 d. Once weaned, calves were moved into groups of 5 until they were moved to a finishing facility at 77 d. At the grain-fed veal facility, calves were scored for fecal consistency for the first 28 d and had fecal samples taken on arrival and at 7 and 14 d. Fecal samples were frozen and submitted to a commercial laboratory, where they were tested for BCoV, C.parvum, and 2 groups of BRoV: group A (BRoV A) and group B (BRoV B). Calves were weighed on arrival and at 14, 49, 56, and 77 d using a digital body scale. Treatments for disease and mortalities that occurred over the 77 d were also recorded. Statistical models, including Cox proportional hazards and repeated measures models, were built to determine the effect of infection with 1 of the pathogens. Over the 3 sampling points, 151 (85.8%), 178 (94.2%), 3 (1.5%), and 97 (57.4%) calves tested positive at least once for BCoV, BRoV A, BRoV B, and C.parvum, respectively. The source of the calves and the level of serum total protein measured on arrival were associated with testing positive for a pathogen. Calves that tested positive for C.parvum had an increased proportion of days with diarrhea and severe diarrhea; calves that tested positive for BCoV and BRoV A had an increased proportion of days with severe diarrhea. In addition, calves that tested positive for C.parvum had a higher hazard of being treated for respiratory disease. With respect to body weight, calves that had diarrhea or severe diarrhea had lower body weight at 49, 56, and 77 d. Specifically, calves that had an increased proportion of days with diarrhea showed a reduction in weight gain of up to 15 kg compared to calves without diarrhea. Calves that tested positive for C.parvum had a lower body weight at 49, 56, and 77 d; calves that tested positive for BCoV had a lower body weight at 56 and 77 d. This study demonstrates that the prevalence of BCoV, BRoV A, and C.parvum infection is high in this population of calves and has significant effects on the occurrence of diarrhea and body weight gain. Future studies should evaluate approaches for minimizing the effect of infection with these pathogens to improve the welfare, health, and productivity of dairy calves.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Coronavirus Bovino , Criptosporidiose/fisiopatologia , Cryptosporidium parvum , Infecções por Rotavirus/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Criptosporidiose/parasitologia , Diarreia/parasitologia , Diarreia/veterinária , Diarreia/virologia , Fezes/química , Fezes/parasitologia , Fezes/virologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Respiratórias/terapia , Doenças Respiratórias/veterinária , Rotavirus , Infecções por Rotavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rotavirus/fisiopatologia , Ganho de Peso
19.
Gene ; 766: 145145, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941953

RESUMO

COVID-19, a novel coronavirus-related illness, has spread worldwide. Patients with apparently mild/moderate symptoms can suddenly develop severe pneumonia. Therefore, almost all COVID-19 patients require hospitalization, which can reduce limited medical resources in addition to overwhelming medical facilities. To identify predictive markers for the development of severe pneumonia, a comprehensive analysis of serum chemokines and cytokines was conducted using serial serum samples from COVID-19 patients. The expression profiles were analyzed along the time axis. Serum samples of common diseases were enrolled from a BioBank to confirm the usefulness of predictive markers. Five factors, IFN-λ3, IL-6, IP-10, CXCL9, and CCL17, were identified as predicting the onset of severe/critical symptoms. The factors were classified into two categories. Category A included IFN-λ3, IL-6, IP-10, and CXCL9, and their values surged and decreased rapidly before the onset of severe pneumonia. Category B included CCL17, which provided complete separation between the mild/moderate and the severe/critical groups at an early phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The five markers provided a high predictive value (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC): 0.9-1.0, p < 0.001). Low expression of CCL17 was specifically observed in pre-severe COVID-19 patients compared with other common diseases, and the predictive ability of CCL17 was confirmed in validation samples of COVID-19. The factors identified could be promising prognostic markers to distinguish between mild/moderate and severe/critical patients, enabling triage at an early phase of infection, thus avoiding overwhelming medical facilities.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocina CCL17/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , COVID-19 , Citocinas/sangue , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE02321, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1152656

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Identificar, na literatura científica, a relação da obesidade como fator de risco agravante para a morbidade por COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, tipo revisão integrativa de literatura, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol, por meio da estratégia PICo, em cinco bases de dados,PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embasee BVS, realizada de maio a junho de 2020. Os critérios de inclusão adotados foram: artigos primários realizados com adultos; disponíveis na íntegra; publicados durante o período de 2019 a 2020; nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Os critérios de exclusão foram: relato de casos; casos clínicos; dissertações; teses; os já selecionados na busca em outra base de dados e que não respondessem à questão da pesquisa. Resultados: A seleção resultou em noveestudos, sendo que quatro estudos - 44,4% (E3, E5, E6 e E7) - apresentaram a prevalência de obesidade em adultos hospitalizados por COVID-19, dois estudos - 22,2% (E6, E9) - associaram a obesidade ao desenvolvimento da COVID-19 grave, três estudos - 33,3% (E1, E4 e E7) - associaram a obesidade à necessidade de ventilação mecânica e três estudos - 33,3% (E2, E4 e E8) - associaram a obesidade à mortalidade por COVID-19. Conclusão: A obesidade trata-se de uma doença crônica não transmissível, sendo um fator de risco considerado importante para o agravamento da doença COVID-19, no entanto, é passível de prevenção, pois hábitos saudáveis de vida podem reduzir o quadro grave de infecção por COVID-19.


Resumen Objetivo: Identificar en la literatura científica la relación de la obesidad como factor de riesgo agravante para la morbilidad por COVID-19. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio bibliográfico, tipo revisión integradora de literatura, en idioma portugués, inglés y español, por medio de la estrategia PICO, en cinco bases de datos: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase y BVS, realizada de mayo a junio de 2020. Los criterios de inclusión adoptados fueron: artículos primarios realizados con adultos, con texto completo disponible, publicados durante el período de 2019 a 2020, en idioma portugués, inglés y español. Los criterios de exclusión fueron: relato de casos, casos clínicos, tesis de maestría y doctorado, los artículos ya seleccionados en la búsqueda en otra base de datos y los que no respondieran la pregunta de investigación. Resultados: La selección tuvo como resultado nueve estudios, de los cuales cuatro — 44,4% (E3, E5, E6 y E7) — presentaron prevalencia de obesidad en adultos hospitalizados por COVID-19; en dos estudios — 22,2% (E6, E9) — se relacionó la obesidad con el desarrollo de COVID-19 grave; en tres estudios — 33,3% (E1, E4 y E7) — se relacionó la obesidad con la necesidad de ventilación mecánica; y en tres estudios — 33,3% (E2, E4 y E8) — se relacionó la obesidad con la mortalidad por COVID-19. Conclusión: La obesidad se trata de una enfermedad crónica no transmisible y es considerada un factor de riesgo importante para el agravamiento de la enfermedad COVID-19. Sin embargo, la prevención es posible, ya que los hábitos de vida saludables pueden reducir el cuadro grave de infección por COVID-19.


Abstract Objective: To identify, in scientific literature, the relationship of obesity as an aggravating risk factor for morbidity by COVID-19. Methods: This is a bibliographic and integrative literature review study, in Brazilian Portuguese, English and Spanish languages, through PICo strategy, in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase and VHL databases, held from May to June 2020. Primary articles conducted with adults, available in full, published during the period 2019 to 2020, in Brazilian Portuguese, English and Spanish were included. Case reports, clinical cases, dissertations, theses, the already selected in the search in another database and that did not answer the question of the search were excluded. Results: The selection resulted in nine studies. Four studies - 44.4% (E3, E5, E6 and E7) - presented the prevalence of obesity in adults hospitalized by COVID-19. Two studies - 22.2% (E6, E9) - associated obesity with the development of severe COVID-19. Three studies - 33.3% (E1, E4 and E7) - associated obesity with the need for mechanical ventilation. Three studies - 33.3% (E2, E4 and E8) - associated obesity with mortality due to COVID-19. Conclusion: Obesity is a chronic non-communicable disease, being a risk factor considered important for the worsening of COVID-19 disease, however, it is preventable, because healthy lifestyle habits can reduce the severe picture of COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Pacientes Internados , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
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