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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730915

RESUMO

In December 2019, the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) infection was reported. In only few weeks it has caused a global pandemic, with mortality reaching 3.4%, mostly due to a severe pneumonia. However, the impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus on the central nervous system (CNS) and mental health outcomes remains unclear. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of other types of coronaviruses in the brain, especially in the brainstem. There is evidence that the novel coronavirus can penetrate CNS through the olfactory or circulatory route as well as it can have an indirect impact on the brain by causing cytokine storm. There are also first reports of neurological signs in patients infected by the SARS-Cov-2. They show that COVID-19 patients have neurologic manifestations like acute cerebrovascular disease, conscious disturbance, taste and olfactory disturbances. In addition, there are studies showing that certain psychopathological symptoms might appear in infected patients, including those related to mood and psychotic disorders as well as post-traumatic stress disorder. Accumulating evidence also indicates that the pandemic might have a great impact on mental health from the global perspective, with medical workers being particularly vulnerable. In this article, we provide a review of studies investigating the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the CNS and mental health outcomes. We describe neurobiology of the virus, highlighting the relevance to mental disorders. Furthermore, this article summarizes the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 from the public health perspective. Finally, we present a critical appraisal of evidence and indicate future directions for studies in this field.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Encéfalo/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 20(3): 183-191, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The outbreak of COVID-19 and the lack of vaccine made extraordinary actions such as social distancing necessary. While some individuals experience the restrictions on daily life as a heavy burden, others adapt to the situation and try to make the best of it. The present longitudinal study investigated the extent and predictors of the burden induced by the outbreak of COVID-19 in Germany. METHOD: Data were assessed in October 2019 using the DASS-21 and the PMH-Scale, and in March 2020 adding a six-item measure of burden and a 2-item rating of sense of control. RESULTS: In a sample of 436 participants, about 28% stayed in self-quarantine, 22 persons had relevant symptoms and one person was positively tested for COVID-19. Most participants experienced medium to high levels of burden but tried to make the best of it. Stress symptoms in 2019 predicted a higher level of burden and PMH predicted a lower level of burden in March 2020. Remarkably, depression and anxiety symptoms did not significantly predict burden. The protective effect of PMH and the negative impact of stress symptoms were mediated by perceived sense of control. CONCLUSIONS: The results emphasize the protective effect of PMH in extraordinary situations such as the current outbreak of COVID-19


ANTECEDENTES/OBJETIVO: El brote COVID-19 y la falta de vacuna hicieron necesarias acciones extraordinarias como la distancia social. Algunas personas experimentan las restricciones en la vida diaria como sobrecarga emocional y otras se adaptan a la situación, tratando de sacar lo mejor de ella. Se investigó el alcance y predictores de sobrecarga emocional inducida por el COVID-19 en Alemania. MÉTODO: Se evaluaron niveles de estrés y salud mental positiva en octubre de 2019 con DASS-21 y Escala-PMH, y en marzo de 2020, agregando medidas de sobrecarga emocional y percepción de control. RESULTADOS: En una muestra de 436 participantes, el 28% permaneció en cuarentena, 22 personas tuvieron síntomas relevantes y una dio positivo en COVID-19. La mayoría experimentaron niveles de sobrecarga emocional medio-alto, aunque trataron de sobrellevar la situación lo mejor posible. Los síntomas de estrés en octubre 2019 predijeron un nivel de sobrecarga más elevado en marzo 2020 y, contrariamente, los niveles de salud mental positiva en octubre 2019 predijeron un menor nivel de sobrecarga emocional en marzo 2020. Sorprendentemente, los síntomas de depresión y ansiedad no predijeron la sensación de sobrecarga posterior. El efecto protector de la salud mental positiva y el impacto negativo de los síntomas de estrés fueron mediados por la percepción de control. CONCLUSIONES: Se resalta el efecto protector de la salud mental positiva en situaciones extraordinarias como el brote COVID-19


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Alemanha Ocidental/epidemiologia
3.
Psychiatr Prax ; 47(8): 452-456, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137827

RESUMO

The paper reviews and discusses short- and long-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for population mental health. The dynamics of short-term psychological reactions - such as anxiety, depression and distress - seem to follow directly the epidemiological dynamics of the outbreak. Although older individuals are at risk for severe COVID-19 disease course and death, psychological reactions seem to be more intense in younger individuals compared to the elderly. For long-term consequences, we do not have data yet. However, since the association between economic crises and population mental health is established, a recession-related increase in mental disorders is assumed. Mental health should be key concern in the management of the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Ansiedade , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Angústia Psicológica
4.
Intern Med ; 59(21): 2693-2699, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132305

RESUMO

Objective Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading around the world. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of anxiety, depression, resilience, and other psychiatric symptoms among healthcare workers in Japan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods This survey involved medical healthcare workers at the Japanese Red Cross Medical Center (Tokyo, Japan) between April 22 and May 15, 2020. The degree of symptoms of anxiety, depression, and resilience was assessed using the Japanese versions of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Furthermore, we added original questionnaires comprising three factors: (i) anxiety and fear of infection and death; (ii) isolation and unreasonable treatment; and (iii) motivation and escape behavior at work. Results In total, 848 healthcare workers participated in this survey: 104 doctors, 461 nurses, 184 other co-medical staff, and 99 office workers. Among all participants, 85 (10.0%) developed moderate-to-severe anxiety disorder, and 237 (27.9%) developed depression. Problems with anxiety and fear of infection and death, isolation and unreasonable treatment, and motivation and escape from work were higher in the depression group than in the non-depression group (total CES-D score ≥ 16 points). Being a nurse and high total GAD-7 scores were risk factors of depression. Older workers and those with higher resilience were less likely to develop depression than others. Conclusion During the COVID-19 epidemic, many healthcare workers suffered from psychiatric symptoms. Psychological support and interventions for protecting the mental health of them are needed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
6.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(4): 490-500, nov. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups. Mental health was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and psychological impacts were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). RESULTS: 3,524 participants were included (Mage = 39.24, SDage = 12.00). Participants aged between 18 and 33 years old showed more hyperactivation and evitation, were more depressed, anxious and stressed. Those aged between 26 and 33 years old showed more intrusion. Those aged between 18 and 25 years old suffered more sleep disturbances, claustrophobia and somatization and maintained worse routines. Elderly people showed better psychological responses in general. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial evidence that the negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic hits young people harder. These results should be taken into account when developing specific evidence-based strategies


ANTECEDENTES: la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha destacado la importancia de estudiar sus consecuencias sobre la salud mental de la COVID-19. Esta investigación estudia el papel de la edad sobre las respuestas psicológicas tempranas a la pandemia. MÉTODO: se realizó una encuesta online en la población adulta de España durante la cuarentena. Las variables sociodemofráficas, de salud y conductuales fueron estudiadas en 5 grupos de edad. El estado mental se estudió a través del DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale) y el impacto psicológico a través del IES-R (Impact of Event Scale-Revised). RESULTADOS: 3.524 participantes fueron incluidos (Medad = 39.24, DTedad = 12.00). Los participantes entre 18 y 33 se mostraban más hiperactivados, evitativos, ansiosos, deprimidos y estresados. Aquellos entre 26 y 33 años presentaban más intrusión. Los participantes entre 18 y 25 años dormían peor, presentaban más claustrofobia y somatizaciones, mayores dificultades para mantener rutinas, mientras que los mayores presentaban mejores respuestas en general. CONCLUSIONES: este estudio indica que la población española más joven se ha visto más afectada por las consecuencias psicológicas de la pandemia. Algunas de las diferencias en conductas y preocupaciones que dependieron de la edad deberían tenerse en cuenta para elaborar estrategias de intervención


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Fatores Etários , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudos Transversais , Espanha
7.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(4): 501-507, nov. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pandemic disaster has specific effects on mental health, however, little is known about those specific effects in children and adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a sample of children and adolescents and to compare the results with previous national data and other studies to determine variations. METHOD: A total of 459 children and adolescents in residential care, foster families, kinship families, or family strengthening programs under SOS Children's Villages Spain were evaluated using the SDQ to measure internalizing and externalizing problems and using KIDSCREEN-10 index to measure heath related quality of life. An independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and the chi-square test were used. RESULTS: The children and adolescents in this study had worse psychological wellbeing than those in the 2017 Spanish reference, that is, before the COVID-19 outbreak. Quality of life remained the same. No differences between care modalities were found. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to monitor the mental health status of children and adolescents to prevent possible problems. Additionally, it is necessary to use well-known assessment instruments because it is essential to have a reference to other situations and populations


ANTECEDENTES: una pandemia tiene efectos concretos sobre la salud mental; sin embargo, dichos efectos son poco conocidos en niños y adolescentes. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el impacto psicológico de la COVID-19 en una muestra de niños y adolescentes y comparar los resultados con datos de referencia nacionales y otros estudios. MÉTODO: un total de 459 niños y adolescentes en acogimiento residencial, familias de acogida extensa y ajena y en programas de fortalecimiento familiar, atendidos por Aldeas Infantiles SOS España, fueron evaluados mediante el SDQ para determinar la presencia de problemas internalizantes y externalizantes y mediante el KIDSCREEN-10 para determinar su nivel de calidad de vida. Se utilizó comparaciones de medias para muestras independientes, ANOVA y Chi-cuadrado. RESULTADOS: los niños y adolescentes estudiados obtuvieron peores resultados en bienestar psicológico que los publicados como referencia nacional en España en 2017, antes del brote de la COVID-19. La calidad de vida no se ha visto afectada. No se han encontrado diferencias entre las modalidades de cuidado. CONCLUSIONES: es necesario evaluar la salud mental de los niños y adolescentes para prevenir posibles problemas. Adicionalmente, es necesario usar instrumentos bien conocidos que permitan comparar los resultados con otras situaciones y poblaciones


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Vulnerabilidade Social , Criança Acolhida
10.
Br J Community Nurs ; 25(11): 526-530, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161746

RESUMO

The pandemic caused by Covid-19 has long term ramifications for many, especially those patients who have experienced an intensive care unit (ICU) admission including ventilation and sedation. This paper will explore aspects of care delivery in the ICU regarding the current pandemic and the impact of such on the mental health of some of these patients. Post discharge, patients will be returning to a very different community incorporating social distancing, and in some cases, social isolation and/or shielding. Many may experience a multitude of physical and mental health complications which can ultimately impact upon each other, therefore a bio-psycho-pharmaco-social approach to discharge, case management, risk assessment and positive behavioural support planning is recommended.


Assuntos
Assistência ao Convalescente/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Sedação Profunda/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Respiração Artificial/psicologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 675, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine women's precaution practices among six independent socio-demographic variables, including age, ethnicity, education, front-line jobs, history of miscarriage and type of antenatal clinic (general, high risk). RESULTS: A total of 167 survey responses were obtained over 8 weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n = 127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n = 91), attained tertiary education (62%, n = 104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, ß 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (ß 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (ß 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, ß 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, ß 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, ß 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, ß 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home. CONCLUSION: Social demographical factors including age > 36 years old, Malay ethnicity, employment in front line jobs and attendance at high-risk clinics are likely to influence the attitudes and precaution practices among pregnant women towards COVID-19 in Singapore. Knowledge gained from our cross-sectional online survey can better guide clinicians to communicate better with pregnant women. Hence, it is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental well being.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Singapura
14.
Epilepsy Behav ; 112: 107476, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181895

RESUMO

The current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that led to an unprecedented crisis with significant health, social, and economic repercussions presented more serious concerns for those living with some chronic conditions such as epilepsy. This study was aimed to find out impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on management of epilepsy. A cross-sectional study was conducted through telephone interviews, targeting 213 caregivers of pediatric patients with epilepsy, belonging to underserved areas of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. A simple questionnaire was designed to record the responses of participants relevant to the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19 pandemic and their knowledge about possible ways that can be accessed for the management of epilepsy during an ongoing pandemic. The current study, which holds 77% of the respondents from rural areas and 23% from urban settings, showed that partial measures of lockdown taken to stop or slow the spread of COVID-19 resulted in adverse economic and health outcomes in the said population including cancelation of follow-up visits, worsening of seizures, job loss, burden of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) costs, and discontinuation of medicines. Furthermore, knowledge about alternative ways to access health facilities was found very poor among caregivers. Income sources of poor people disrupted by lockdown can lead to unintentional nonadherence to medication, which is a clear picture of inequitable distribution of resources. This study highlights the major issues faced by the caregivers during this ongoing pandemic of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Coronavirus , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/psicologia , Isolamento Social , Anticonvulsivantes/economia , Anticonvulsivantes/provisão & distribução , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Epilepsia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Recursos em Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Paquistão , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Convulsões/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina , Populações Vulneráveis
15.
Nutrients ; 12(11)2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182816

RESUMO

As a consequence of COVID-19, millions of households have suffered mobility restrictions and changes in their lifestyle over several months. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of COVID-19 home confinement on the food habits, lifestyle and emotional balance of the Spanish population. This cross-sectional study used data collected via an anonymous online questionnaire during the month before lockdown finished in Spain, with a total of 675 participants. 38.8% of the respondents experienced weight gain while 31.1% lost weight during confinement. The increase in body weight was positively correlated with age (Rs = 0.14, p < 0.05) and BMI (Rs = 0.20, p < 0.05). We also identified that 39.7% reported poorer quality sleep, positively correlated with BMI (Rs = -0.18, p < 0.05) and with age (Rs = -0.21, p < 0.05). 44.7% of the participants had not performed physical exercise during confinement with differences by sex (p < 0.05), by age (p < 0.05), by BMI (p < 0.05) and by sleep quality (p < 0.05). According to an emotional-eater questionnaire, 21.8% and 11% were classified as an emotional eater or a very emotional eater, respectively. We emphasize the importance of adopting a healthy lifestyle, as the COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Emoções , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar , Estilo de Vida , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Betacoronavirus , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Fatores Sexuais , Sono , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e181, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185174

RESUMO

AIMS: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a major public health concern all over the world. Little is known about the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general population. This study aimed to assess the mental health problems and associated factors among a large sample of college students during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional and nation-wide survey of college students was conducted in China from 3 to 10 February 2020. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess psychosocial factors, COVID-19 epidemic related factors and mental health problems. Acute stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms were measured by the Chinese versions of the impact of event scale-6, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, respectively. Univariate and hierarchical logistic regression analyses were performed to examine factors associated with mental health problems. RESULTS: Among 821 218 students who participated in the survey, 746 217 (90.9%) were included for the analysis. In total, 414 604 (55.6%) of the students were female. About 45% of the participants had mental health problems. The prevalence rates of probable acute stress, depressive and anxiety symptoms were 34.9%, 21.1% and 11.0%, respectively. COVID-19 epidemic factors that were associated with increased risk of mental health problems were having relatives or friends being infected (adjusted odds ratio = 1.72-2.33). Students with exposure to media coverage of the COVID-19 ≥3 h/day were 2.13 times more likely than students with media exposure <1 h/day to have acute stress symptoms. Individuals with low perceived social support were 4.84-5.98 times more likely than individuals with high perceived social support to have anxiety and depressive symptoms. In addition, senior year and prior mental health problems were also significantly associated with anxiety or/and depressive symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In this large-scale survey of college students in China, acute stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms are prevalent during the COVID-19 pandemic. Multiple epidemic and psychosocial factors, such as family members being infected, massive media exposure, low social support, senior year and prior mental health problems were associated with increased risk of mental health problems. Psychosocial support and mental health services should be provided to those students at risk.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/etiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1718, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198693

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lay public's behavioral responses during a virus spread, such as the COVID-19, play an important role in bringing the outbreak under control, and provide insights into development of risk communication messages to the public. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the association between knowledge about COVID-19, perceived susceptibility, emotional reactions and precautionary behavior among the Israeli lay public at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1407 participants, aged 18 + . Participants completed measures of knowledge about COVID-19, perceived susceptibility, emotional reactions, precautionary behavior, and socio-demographic questionnaires. A hierarchical regression model was calculated with precautionary behavior as the dependent variable. RESULTS: Findings indicated that precautionary behavior was higher for females, older participants, participants with higher levels of knowledge about COVID-19, and participants with greater negative emotional reactions. A negative curvilinear relationship was found between perceived susceptibility and precautionary behavior, so that the latter was highest for participants with moderate perceived susceptibility. All interaction terms were non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that in order to enhance precautionary behavior in the initial stage of a virus outbreak, it is recommended to pay attention to the public's knowledge about the virus, perceived susceptibility and emotional reactions. Although negative feelings about the virus may motivate preventive behavior, it is important to address these feelings.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Surtos de Doenças , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1707, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite worldwide calls for precautionary measures to combat COVID-19, the public's preventive intention still varies significantly among different regions. Exploring the influencing factors of the public's preventive intention is very important to curtail the spread of COVID-19. Previous studies have found that fear can effectively improve the public's preventive intention, but they ignore the impact of differences in cultural values. The present study examines the combined effect of fear and collectivism on the public's preventive intention towards COVID-19 through the analysis of social media big data. METHODS: The Sina microblog posts of 108,914 active users from Chinese mainland 31 provinces were downloaded. The data was retrieved from January 11 to February 21, 2020. Afterwards, we conducted a province-level analysis of the contents of downloaded posts. Three lexicons were applied to automatically recognise the scores of fear, collectivism, and preventive intention of 31 provinces. After that, a multiple regression model was established to examine the combined effect of fear and collectivism on the public's preventive intention towards COVID-19. The simple slope test and the Johnson-Neyman technique were used to test the interaction of fear and collectivism on preventive intention. RESULTS: The study reveals that: (a) both fear and collectivism can positively predict people's preventive intention and (b) there is an interaction of fear and collectivism on people's preventive intention, where fear and collectivism reduce each other's positive influence on people's preventive intention. CONCLUSION: The promotion of fear on people's preventive intention may be limited and conditional, and values of collectivism can well compensate for the promotion of fear on preventive intention. These results provide scientific inspiration on how to enhance the public's preventive intention towards COVID-19 effectively.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Medo/psicologia , Intenção , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Valores Sociais , Big Data , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158180

RESUMO

This study evaluates the psychological impact (PI) of the COVID-19 pandemic in frontline workers in Spain. Participants were 546 workers (296 healthcare workers, 105 media professionals, 89 grocery workers, and 83 protective service workers). They all completed online questionnaires assessing PI, sadness, concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic, and demographic and work-related variables. All groups but protective services workers showed higher PI levels than the general population. Healthcare and grocery workers were the most affected, with 73.6% and 65.2% of the participants, respectively, showing a severe PI. Women showed a higher PI level. Healthcare workers in the regions with higher COVID-19 incidences reported greater PI levels. The main concerns were being infected by COVID-19 or infecting others. Levels of concern correlated with higher PI levels. The protection equipment was generally reported as insufficient, which correlated with higher PI levels. Professionals reporting to overwork during the crisis (60% mass-media, 38% of healthcare and grocery and 21.7% of protective service) showed higher PI levels. In the healthcare group, taking care of patients with COVID-19 (77%) or of dying patients with COVID-19 (43.9%) was associated with higher PI levels. The perceived social recognition of their work was inversely related to PI. Most of the sample had not received psychological support. We suggest some organizational measures for frontline institutions, such as the periodical monitoring or inclusion of psychologists specialized in crisis-management to prevent negative symptoms and provide timely support.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Ocupações , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Espanha/epidemiologia
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